Digital ID

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See also Digital health credentials, Covid passport, Vaccine passports

Digital ID refers to an extension of current physical ID documents such as driver’s licences, passports and bank cards.. Digital ID is a way to verify who we are online securely, in a manner that offers data protection and safeguards our personal information (interac.ca)[1].

Purpose

Through the beginning of the twenty-first century, identity was typically affirmed by the use of paper or plastic cards, issued by third parties. In the United States, the Department of Motor Vehicles issues Driver Licenses, and other government identification cards. States may also issue ID cards of some form as well, such as welfare cards, gun permits, and fishing licenses. Organizations such as libraries, and membership-only clubs may issue identification cards as well. Additionally, independent companies may issue ID cards of a sort, such as insurance cards, gym membership cards, credit and debit cards, and other customer identification cards (for "rewards programs" and customer behavior tracking for marketing purposes). A digital ID system is designed to serve multiple purposes, eliminating the need for each separate identification card.[2] It also provides much greater control to a single authoritative party, rather than a diverse collection of entities, each for their own purposes. This could theoretically be useful in fighting crime[3][4].
However, that same single authority can use their power for negative purposes as well. For example, an opponent of the politicians in power could suddenly find their digital ID has been revoked, meaning that they can no longer bank[5][6][7][8], travel, buy food, earn money, or do much of anything else, all at once. The single ID authority would yield incredible power over its citizens, which some people see as a benefit and purpose of digital ID.[9][10]

International Treaties and Agendas

The International treaties presented below describe groups agreeing to work together on international digital credential (ID) systems. One of the mechanisms is presented as the solution to global health crisis.

United Nations

The United Nations has 2 agendas which, between the 2, promote digital identity: United Nations Legal Identity Agenda and United Nations Development Programme Digital Strategy 2022-2025

For example, the word 'digital' actually occurs once on the landing page for the legal identity agenda: "Proof of legal identity is defined as a credential, such as birth certificate, identity card or digital identity credential"[11]

Of note, UN LIA has a "Task Force" whose responsibilities include to oversee the implementation of the UN LIA at the regional and national level[12] See discussion of both in UN Agendas

G20 Indonesia summit

In November 2022, G20 members signed a declaration for the adoption of a global vaccine passport:

We acknowledge the importance of shared technical standards and verification message, under the framework of the International health regulations (WHO IHR) 2005 , to facilitate seamless international travel, interoperability, recognizing digital solutions and non-digital solutions, including proof of vaccinations. We support continued international dialogue and collaboration on the establishment of trusted global digital health networks as part of the efforts to strengthen prevention and response to future pandemics, that should capitalize in build on the success of the existing standards and digital Covid-19 Certificates. (Point 23, G20 Bali Leaders' declaration, The White House)[13][14]

Notice 2 things with wording loose enough for the following:

  • The adoption of vaccine passports (digital health credential ID) for to facilitate all international travel.
  • WHO determines what crisis qualifies and which vaccinations one must have.

World Health Organization Pandemic Treaty

See International Health Regulations (IHRs) 2005

Federated ID Systems

To federate[15][16][17] a digital ID system refers to making national legislation.

Ukraine was one of the first countries to federate a digital identity system Diia[18][19]. India also has Aadhaar. Estonia has taken a unique 'decentralized' approach to a national digital ID system[20].

UK

On March 1st a consultation [21] (a survey) about digital identity verification and data sharing between public authorities comes to a close[22]. Launched on January 4th, the proposed changes will spend a short time under public consideration. Review and criticism videos are available.[23][24][25][22][26]

Canada

Adopted by Canada and all other 192 United Nations Member States in 2015, the 2030 Agenda is a 15-year global framework centered on an ambitious set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).[27][28]

There are many government affiliated organizations working to advance digital identity systems in Canada. See ktdi.org, Policy Horizons and Digital Identity and Authentication Council of Canada

Airports / Known Traveller Digital Identity

The Known Traveller Digital Identity (KTDI) program is a collaboration between the government of Canada, the World Economic Forum and private sector to develop a secure and efficient digital identity system for air travel. The program aims to use biometric and digital identity technologies to create a more seamless and secure travel experience for passengers.

The KTDI program was first announced in 2018 by the Government of Canada as part of its National Strategy for Secure Travelling Abroad. The aim of the program is to enhance the security of air travel while also making the travel experience more convenient and efficient for passengers. The program aims to use biometric data such as facial recognition, fingerprint, and iris scans to confirm the identity of passengers, making it easier for them to move through the airport and board their flights.
The program has a pilot phase, with several Canadian airports participating in testing and evaluating the technology. Once fully implemented, the program will be available to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents with a valid passport.

It's worth noting that the implementation of the program is in line with the national strategy of Canada to enhance security and improve the passenger experience, but it also raises concerns about privacy, security, and accessibility. The government of Canada has stated that the personal information collected through the program will be protected and used only for the specific purpose of the program, and that the use of biometrics will be optional for passengers.

Border Land Travel / ArriveCAN

The ArriveCAN app is an official government of Canada app that is used to help digitize border crossing into the country. "Travellers returning to Canada: You are required to provide info upon entry for COVID19. Download the ArriveCAN app to do it quickly and limit points of contact at the border"[29]. The app is available for download on the App Store and Google Play and is free to use. Concerns surround whether the app is mandatory to use.

Digital Health Credential Systems / Provinces

By 2021 Most provinces in Canada had announced plans to implement a digital vaccine certification system, such as Ontario, which will use a digital version of the COVID-19 vaccination record card and a mobile app called the "COVID-19 Vaccination Record" to allow residents to demonstrate their vaccination status.

According to an unverified source[30], Canada's Digital Transformation Branch (DTB, within Health Canada) has issued a tender for a Canadian Health Passport which includes requirements for proof of vaccination for domestic and international travel. Another unverified source says this comes into effect Sept 2023.[31]

Bankers Association

In Feb 2022, Neil Parmenter of the Canadian Bankers Association promoted digital identity advancement as being on the cusp of a revolution in how people authenticate online.[32]

Criticisms

Many critics take broad views of what is digital identity. For example, a pervasive take in places like UK and Canada is that digital ID is already here (youtuber Coin Bureau[33], see notes on surveilance and bank freezing). Concerns about digital identity are addressed in books such as "Scanned: Why Vaccine Passports and Digital IDs Will Mean the End of Privacy and Personal Freedom"(2022)[34] as well, where the main concerns are to privacy and personal liberties but end up being concerned with all levels of human needs.

Composite Definition

One writer proposes to view digital identity as a composite (set) of concurrent trends:

  1. tying commerce/banking with politics (frozen bank accounts[5][6][7][8], vilification of anonymity[35][36] and privacy[37],
  2. promotion of Customer-rewards and digital points systems, Universal basic income and social credit systems, promotions of CBDC agendas),
  3. trends to require one's most intimate data (biometrics[38]) for authentication and access[39] to commerce(Amazon One[40]), services, and to perhaps remove one's cards[41] ( decentralized methods of proving ID),
  4. centralized and restricted access to essentials like gas[42][43][44], food[45][46][47]
  5. rising authoritarianism[48][49][50]
  6. Digital Health Credential systems, see WHO Pandemic Treaty (International Health Regulations IHRs), covid vaccine passports)

Predictable

Many critics view these developments as to be expected and predicted by earlier trends. Perhaps the biggest predictor trend is the decline in the level of individual freedom, respect for natural law and unalienable rights, and self-governance in Western countries. This decline is accompanied by the decline in biblical values which affirm the importance of freedom.[51]. See also War on freedom, and books like RFK's "The Real Anthony Fauci.. Global War on Democracy and Public Health"[52]

Data and Access

Digital ID proponents tend also to seek to centralize data and control access to it: A Digital ID system is a centralized approach to trust. See HTTPS/SSL history for problems with centralized trust models. Digital ID proponents also seek to centralize very large[53][54] datasets and databases[55]. This sort of policy is attractive externally (to hackers and bad actors) and internally(poor morale and ethic, human error, incompetence[56] ).

Privacy

Many are concerned that federated digital identity places too much importance on "who are you" (as if what a service provider can establish from cards and multifactor authentication falls short and that knowledge of one's business history is needed at each new signup):

It is important to differentiate between digital identification and digital authentication. Digital authentication is something most of us do every day – logging on to our favourite social media site, signing into an account with our preferred ecommerce retailer, or even accessing our mobile device through a thumb scan. Authentication is the act of proving that the person accessing my account or device is me, usually through a PIN, password, biometric identifier or other form factor. Authentication is designed to answer the question “Is that you?” Identification, by contrast, is more complex. Identification is intended to answer the question “Who are you?” Digital ID is the challenge of answering “Who are you? with a high degree of certainty, without resorting to face-to-face interaction and the exchange of physical documents.[57]


Travel, Carbon tracking

December 2021, just before Christmas, Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) acknowledged that it secretly tracked location data from at least 33 million mobile devices to analyze people's movements during COVID-19 quarantines.[58]. Concerns are whether this behaviour continues to this day or has suitable checks and balances.

Canada's Net-Zero Challenge[59][60] is a voluntary initiative that encourages companies to develop and implement credible and effective plans to transition their facilities and operations to net-zero emissions by 2050.[61]

See also

References

  1. https://www.interac.ca/en/content/ideas/what-is-digital-identity
  2. https://www.globalgovernmentforum.com/digital-id-what-is-it-why-is-it-needed-and-how-are-governments-developing-it/
  3. https://www.dawn.com/news/1730768/safe-city-seeks-high-resolution-photos-of-over-4000-criminals-from-nadra
  4. https://www.biometricupdate.com/202301/pakistan-id-authority-shares-data-of-4k-wanted-people-for-biometric-matching
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Bank Apologizes over Trucker Convoy account freeze ", Marc Patrone , May 30, 2022 , https://bjdichter.substack.com/p/bank-apologizes-over-trucker-convoy?r=10rk8l&
  6. 6.0 6.1 "..yesterday my ability to e-transfer funds was suddenly re-activated.”, Andrea Lee, May 2022, https://twitter.com/RealAndyLeeShow/status/1531645687548366848
  7. 7.0 7.1 Canadian Veteran banned from Scotiabank (phone audio) , Jan 20, 2023, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A9R6SaXqxTI
  8. 8.0 8.1 https://twitter.com/rick_ppc/status/1616783852730474496
  9. https://thecountersignal.com/why-is-a-digital-id-so-dangerous/
  10. https://www.wired.com/story/digital-ids-are-more-dangerous-than-you-think/
  11. Legal Identity Agenda https://unstats.un.org/legal-identity-agenda
  12. "UN Legal Identity Task Force (UN LIA TF) " https://unstats.un.org/legal-identity-agenda
  13. p23, "......We acknowledge the importance of shared technical standards and verification methods, under the framework of the International health regulations (IHR 2005), to facilitate seamless international travel, interoperability, and recognizing digital solutions and non-digital solutions, including proof of vaccinations. We support continued international dialogue and collaboration on the establishment of trusted global digital health networks as part of the efforts to strengthen prevention and response to future pandemics, that should capitalize and build on the success of the existing standards and digital COVID-19 certificates. " https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/11/16/g20-bali-leaders-declaration/
  14. secondary sources, tweet thread, https://twitter.com/BernieSpofforth/status/1593186333878816768
  15. "SSO is meant to authenticate one person across different systems. FIM will allow one user access to many applications over any number of networks..", from "Federated Identity Management vs. SSO: Which is Better?" Javed Shah, December 16, 2021 https://www.1kosmos.com/identity-management/federated-identity-management-vs-sso/
  16. Compare and Contrast — Federated Identity vs Self-sovereign Identity Apr 26, 2021 https://academy.affinidi.com/compare-and-contrast-federated-identity-vs-self-sovereign-identity-227a85cbab18
  17. White Paper: "Canada’s Digital ID Future - A Federated Approach In this brief, we highlight why Canada needs a digital identity system, how other countries have .." May 30, 2018 https://cba.ca/embracing-digital-id-in-canada
  18. Video, “Ukraine exports its digital ID technology Ukraine’s government services smartphone app, Diia, has become so “successful” that other countries are interested in replicating it. One of those countries is Estonia, one of the world’s most digitized countries.” https://twitter.com/bigDkenna1/status/1618393202557345792
  19. Video, "Diia (Short For "The State And I"): Mobile Application And Web Portal Review. My Personal Experience" Liza Clinical Wizard, Jan 28, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ath4RcBMo_0
  20. "Estonia's approach to digital ID... Decentralized and very different - but that didn't stop them being at the forefront of developing vaccine passports with the WHO." Jan 24 Alex Klaushofer , https://khmezek.substack.com/p/ukraines-diia-city-initiative-the , from "Whose data is it anyway? The UK government plans to share a lot of information about YOU." https://alexklaushofer.substack.com/p/whose-data-is-it-anyway?r=bkpk4&utm_campaign=post&utm_medium=web
  21. https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/draft-legislation-to-help-more-people-prove-their-identity-online/consultation-on-draft-legislation-to-support-identity-verification
  22. 22.0 22.1 Whose data is it anyway? The UK government plans to share a lot of information about YOU , Alex Klaushofer Jan 23 2023, https://alexklaushofer.substack.com/p/whose-data-is-it-anyway?r=bkpk4&utm_campaign=post&utm_medium=web
  23. Video 34:40 "Digital IDs are coming - but there's still time to have YOUR say!" Geoff Buys Cars Jan 10, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COx6vl3i-L4
  24. Video 9:19 "UK Government digital ID" funkyprepper Jan 12, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swciKHYS1Hg
  25. Video 26:24 "Urgent! UK Government's Digital Identity Survey" Richard Vobes Jan 11, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NcrwXQdGkn0
  26. Video 25:45 "Digital ID Arrives in Britain" 53,076+ views The Podcast of the Lotus Eaters Jan 17, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSqpSHN1iUs
  27. "Canada and the Sustainable Development Goals ", https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/programs/agenda-2030.html
  28. "Funding program", https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/news/2019/05/sustainable-development-goals-sdg-funding-program.html
  29. Health Canada and PHAC @GovCanHealth, Apr 29, 2020, https://twitter.com/GovCanHealth/status/1255602952045289474
  30. screenshot ".. tender for a Canadian Health Passport.." Dec 7 2022, https://twitter.com/BernieSpofforth/status/1600614353446883328
  31. https://twitter.com/UNDERTHEBED/status/1601315955208257536
  32. "Canadian bankers association - Digital ID",World Reflection, 2min clip, circa Feb 2022, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gpUFY1-GmCA, cited by https://twitter.com/KathrynLouiseBC/status/1604916667523682305
  33. Video "Digital IDs Are HERE!! Why You Should Be WORRIED!!.." Coin Bureau, Dec 11, 2022 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwRSzNTp2ko&t=169s
  34. "Scanned: Why Vaccine Passports and Digital IDs Will Mean the End of Privacy and Personal Freedom Paperback "– March 17, 2022 by Nick Corbishley (Author) https://www.amazon.com/Scanned-Vaccine-Passports-Digital-Personal/dp/1645021629
  35. "The US Justice Department is part of WEF's Partnership against Cybercrime, which is run by an Israeli intelligence veteran and pushes for the end of online anonymity and the merging of Wall Street w their regulators and intelligence agencies. "Jan 18, 2023 https://twitter.com/_whitneywebb/status/1615754783494930432
  36. "We investigated how objective, behavioral data on social media use was correlated with the Dark Tetrad facets and the HEXACO traits., " from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886922004652, from "Don't allow the anonymous troll-demons to post with the real verified people @elonmusk . Put them in their own hell.." Nov 18, 2022 https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson/status/1593691037121228801
  37. "..privacy and freedom of expression issues that have not been addressed by the government of Canada." Sep 19, 2022 PrivacyLawyer - David Fraser, "My main problem with Bill C 11: The regulation of user-generated content " https://youtu.be/KKx_0UfdsT0
  38. "Integration of blockchain and biometrics to redefine digital identity by 2030: report" Nov 12, 2021 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202111/integration-of-blockchain-and-biometrics-to-redefine-digital-identity-by-2030-report
  39. "Sentry Enterprise’s plans to supply enterprises with physical and logical access control through its biometric SentryCards..." from "Stage set for next round of secure access control biometrics adoption" Jan 22, 2022 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202201/stage-set-for-next-round-of-secure-access-control-biometrics-adoption
  40. Video "Pay with the palm of your hand.." Jan 27, 2023 https://twitter.com/george_orwell3/status/1619113034571730944
  41. video, Jan 27, 2023, https://youtu.be/cwj4unWn6vw
  42. Video "Sri Lanka is using digital gas ration books now. How do you think this will be abused?" Aug 9, 2022 https://twitter.com/YALiberty/status/1557079415116500994
  43. "Digital ration cards in Sri Lanka for fuel. .. they literally won't serve you, and to make matters worse the petrol stations all over Sri Lanka now have fully automatic weapons at the petrol stations because you can imagine people's response.. " Sep 5, 2022 https://twitter.com/Alessa11alexa/status/1566855907962658818
  44. "The integration of P97 mobile commerce platform with Cerence Pay makes voice biometric payments available at more than 30 percent of fuel retailers in the U.S., according to the announcement" from "Cerence biometrics partnership brings voice purchases to US gas stations" May 18, 2021 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202105/cerence-biometrics-partnership-brings-voice-purchases-to-us-gas-stations
  45. "AnyVision explores biometrics in food distribution and logistics applications" Jun 9, 2021 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202106/anyvision-explores-biometrics-in-food-distribution-and-logistics-applications
  46. "Yoti discusses digital identity use to monitor food and cash rations" Nov 23, 2021 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202111/yoti-discusses-digital-identity-use-to-monitor-food-and-cash-rations
  47. "Integrated Biometrics case study details fingerprint verification of food aid recipients in Yemen" Apr 8, 2020 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202004/integrated-biometrics-case-study-details-fingerprint-verification-of-food-aid-recipients-in-yemen
  48. "The allure of Chinese ‘digital authoritarianism’ for Latin America" Jan 17, 2022 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202201/the-allure-of-chinese-digital-authoritarianism-for-latin-america
  49. "IBIA Annual Membership Meeting to feature presentation on COVID-19, authoritarianism and biometrics Jun"Jun 30, 2020 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202006/ibia-annual-membership-meeting-to-feature-presentation-on-covid-19-authoritarianism-and-biometrics
  50. "Authoritarianism in South Korea keeps peeking around the curtain... ", from "orea’s out front with digital IDs, but national history could be decisive in success" Oct 17, 2022 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202210/koreas-out-front-with-digital-ids-but-national-history-could-be-decisive-in-success
  51. Behreandt, Dennis (January 3, 2020). The Divine Message of Freedom
  52. "The Real Anthony Fauci: Bill Gates, Big Pharma, and the Global War on Democracy and Public Health " Nov. 16 2021 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. https://www.amazon.ca/Real-Anthony-Fauci-Pharma-Democracy/dp/1510766804
  53. "..now reportedly contains information on 5,500 law enforcement agencies in all 50 states and multiple territories and districts." from "US biometric surveillance database reaches 10,000 data points " Nov 21, 2022 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202211/us-biometric-surveillance-database-reaches-10000-data-points
  54. "Government databases could replace document-based ID verification: Sumsub CTO" Dec 12, 2022 https://www.biometricupdate.com/202212/government-databases-could-replace-document-based-id-verification-sumsub-cto
  55. Video "Dangers of plants and centralized data" Matt Gubba, circa Jan 22, https://twitter.com/Raul_Aztec/status/1617187582743388237
  56. "Bumbling NYPD contractor nearly infects fingerprint database with ransomware " Dec 13, 2019 https://www.biometricupdate.com/201912/bumbling-nypd-contractor-nearly-infects-fingerprint-database-with-ransomware
  57. "White Paper: Canada’s Digital ID Future - A Federated Approach", Posted on: May 30, 2018, https://cba.ca/embracing-digital-id-in-canada
  58. Video, press conference, tweet Jan 18, 2022, https://twitter.com/Aslapes11/status/1483389677096820742
  59. "Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act - Canada.ca"
    https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/net-zero-emissions-2050/canadian-net-zero-emissions-accountability-act.html
  60. https://www.canada.ca/en/services/environment/weather/climatechange/climate-plan/net-zero-emissions-2050/challenge.html
  61. https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/news/2022/08/net-zero-challenge.html