National Renewal Alliance

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National Renewal Alliance
Party leader (1964–1967) Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco
(1967–1969) Artur da Costa e Silva
(1969–1974) Emílio Garrastazu Médici
(1974–1979) Ernesto Geisel
Parliamentary leader
Founded April 4th, 1966
Political ideology Neoconservatism
Political position Fiscal: Protectionism (major)
Free market (Liberal Front)
Social: Conservative
International affiliation
Color(s) green and yellow

The National Renewal Alliance (in Portuguese: Aliança Renovadora Nacional, ARENA) was a political party of neo-conservative orientation that existed during the two-party system of the Brazilian military regime. On 27 October 1965, President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco created the Institutional Act Number 2, which extinguished the multi-party system and reduced the Brazilian political to two parties,[1] one to give support to the current government (ARENA) and the other to house the opposition (Brazilian Democratic Movement, current PMDB).[1]

With the return of multi-party system,[2] the ARENA changed its name to Social Democratic Party (PDS),[3] during the rule of the last President of the regime, João Figueiredo. It was also created within the party, the Liberal Front, a wing which claimed limited government and economic freedom. After Figueiredo government, the wing became the Liberal Front Party, current Democrats.[4]

In 1993, the PDS merged with the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) to form the Progressive Reform Party (PPR). In the same year, in a merger of other smaller labels, the Progressive Party was created. In 1995, PPR merged the PP and created the Brazilian Progressive Party, which supported the libertarian reforms proposed by the then Social Democrat President Fernando Henrique Cardoso.

After the end of the Cardoso administration, the party changed its name to Progressive Party, a name that remains to this day.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Schilling, Voltaire. The bipartisanship during the military regime, Terra - Visited on 25/09/2010.
  2. Law No. 6.767, of December 20, 1979
  3. Digital almanac of Folha de S. Paulo
  4. Almanaque Abril - 1987. 13th edition. São Paulo, April, 1987

See also