Progressive Party (Brazil)

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Progressive Party
Party leader Ciro Nogueira
Parliamentary leader
Founded April 4, 1993
Headquarters
Political ideology Right-wing
Political position Fiscal: Free market[1]
Social: Conservative[2]
International affiliation
Color(s) blue and red
Website pp.org.br

The Progressive Party (PP, Partido Progressista in Portuguese) is a brazilian ideologically conservative[2] and right-wing[1] party. Despite its platform being conservative (both in the fiscal field as in the social field), its politicians are centrist and has some moderate leftists. From the time that the party was still called Social Democratic Party, PP has as one of its leaders the communist politician Paulo Maluf, wanted by Interpol for corruption and other fiscal crimes.[3]

The party grew out of the National Renewal Alliance (Aliança Renovadora Nacional, ARENA),[4] the party that ruled Brazil during the anti-communist military regime of neo-conservative orientation and thus was created with a conservative platform and conservative politicians former dissidents from ARENA. However, with the arrival of Paulo Maluf in the party, which made him only to compete for the presidency, but ended up not disaffiliate himself of the party after suffering a crushing defeat, the party was turning more and more to the left.[5]

During the Marxist government of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the PP was an opposition party, along with fellow conservative Democrats and the socialists PSDB and PPS. However, at the end of Lula's term, the politician Ciro Nogueira went on to chair the party, and put him in the allied base of the Marxist government of Lula's successor, Dilma Rousseff. This act proves undemocratic since the vast majority of the parliamentary party rejects the government, as seen in a video of 2014 in a conservative parliamentary Jair Bolsonaro speech at the party national convention[6]

Despite all this, the PP is, along with the Democrats and the Social Christian Party, one of the parties with the most conservative[2] and libertarian[1] views in Brazil, and one of the few parties where the right has voice and name. A great example was the aforementioned Jair Bolsonaro, the most right-wing politician on the brazilian political spectrum.[7] Vehemently attacked by the media, Bolsonaro was labeled by the liberal media as "Nazi",[8] "homophobic",[9] "racist",[10] "fascist",[11] "sexist"[12] and "white supremacist". But with the revival of the Brazilian right, these accusations were refuted.

Besides Bolsonaro, that left the party in March 2016, the southern politician Marcel van Hattem has also been fiercely attacked by the liberal media.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Political parties in Brazil and their ideologies, Se Liga, Eleitor! - June 20, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Progressive Party says it wants to attract conservative voter, Estadão - January 10, 2014
  3. Wanted. MALUF, Paulo - Interpol
  4. Our History, PP official website
  5. "Close to Lula, 'm communist", said Maluf, Folha de São Paulo - June 26, 2012
  6. In a National Convention of PP, Bolsonaro insists in his candidacy for Presidency, Valor Econômico - June 26th, 2014
  7. Bolsonaro: "I will be the right-wing candidate for the presidency in 2018" - Estadão.
  8. The Bolsonaro wave and the awakening of neo-Nazism - CartaCapital
  9. "I'll sue Bolsonaro" says Mott on pamphlets - Terramagazine.terra.com.br.
  10. Chief of Seppir consider statements such as "explicit racism" of Bolsonaro. - UOL (April 1, 2011). Visited on April 2, 2011.
  11. Mario Jakobskind (May 29, 2009). Torture Never Again! Joildo.net
  12. MNDH want full pressure against Bolsonaro - MNDH.

See also