Crimea

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Республика Крым
Respublika Krym


Flag of Crimea.png
Arms of Crimea.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Simferopol
Language Russian (official)
Prime minister Sergey Aksyonov
Area 27,000 km2
Population 1,966,801

The Republic of Crimea is a constituent republic of the Russian Federation after the results of 2014 referendum reunited Crimea to the Russian homeland. It is a diamond-shaped peninsula in Russia, surrounded on its NW, SW and SE sides by the Black Sea and on its NE side by the Sea of Azov; it is connected to the Republic of Kherson by a narrow isthmus. The capital is the port city of Sevastopol.

Crimean Spring

Billboard advertising the March 16, 2014 Crimean referendum to apply for admission to the Russian Federation.

A U.S.-backed Color Revolution advocated for stronger ties with Europe and sought to join the European Union and perhaps even NATO. Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych was pressured by Russia to delay signing a treaty that would lead to Ukraine joining the EU, which lead to widespread Euromaidan riots in a U.S.-backed color revolution with support from Ukrainian neo-Nazi paramilitary group that overturned the government. Yanukovych singed a pledge on February 21, 214 not to run for reelection to quell the street unrest with the German and French Ambassadors as witnesses. However, the following day U.S.-backed Nazi terrorist groups threatened his personal safety and he fled Kyiv for Russia.[1] He was then impeached. Although Russia was constrained from responding while hosting the 2014 Winter Olympics, a week after the Olympics ended, Russia moved against the Western installed regime in Kyiv by taking actions in Russian-majority regions of Crimea and in the Donbas of eastern Ukraine.

Five days after the ouster of Ukraine's democratically elected president in the Western-backed Maidan coup, Russian soldiers landed in Crimea.[2] Because some of the people currently living in Crimea are ethinic Russians, there was a dispute whether Crimea belongs to Ukraine or to Russia.[3] On March 11, 2014, Crimea declared its independence from Ukraine.[4] The Crimean Peninsula—82% of whose households speak Russian, and only 2% mainly Ukrainian—held a plebiscite on March 16, 2014 on whether or not they should join Russia, or remain under the new Ukrainian government. The Pro-Russia camp won with 95% of the vote. The UN General Assembly, led by the US, voted to ignore the referendum results on the grounds that it was contrary to Ukraine’s constitution. This same constitution had been set aside to oust President Yanukovych a month earlier.[5]

Afghanistan, Cuba, Nicaragua, North Korea, Syria and Venezuela recognize Crimea as a part of Russia.[6] On March 27, the U.N. General Assembly passed a non-binding resolution (100 in favor, 11 against and 58 abstentions) declaring Crimea's referendum invalid.[7][8][9][10][11] In response, the United States and Europe have imposed sanctions against Russian trade.

An email sent from Hunter Biden to his business partner Devon Archer on April 13, 2014 contained information from a classified State Department memo one week before Joe Biden visited Ukraine to meet prime minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk. The email predicted an escalation of Russia’s “destabilization campaign, which could lead to a full scale takeover of the eastern region, most critically Donetsk":

“The strategic value is to create a land bridge for RU to Crimea. That won’t directly affect Burisma holdings but it will limit future UK exploration and utilization of offshore opportunities in particular.

It will also result in further destabilization of UK nationally and for whatever govt is in power. And the US will respond with even stronger sanctions. Those sanctions will threaten the tenuous support of the EU which does not have the political will to incur steep energy price increases.”[12]

In February 2017 President Trump accused Russia of taking Crimea by force and asked whether Obama was too soft on Russia.[13] US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo declared that the US won't recognize Russia's invasion of Ukraine:

The Ukrainian government took credit for the terrorist attack and destruction of civilian infrastructure on the Kerch Strait bridge.[14]
The United States calls on Russia to respect the principles to which it has long claimed to adhere and to end its occupation of Crimea. As democratic states seek to build a free, just, and prosperous world, we must uphold our commitment to the international principle of sovereign equality and respect the territorial integrity of other states. Through its actions, Russia has acted in a manner unworthy of a great nation and has chosen to isolate itself from the international community.[15]

Kerch Strait bridge terrorist attack

The Grayzone obtained an April 2022 documents entitled, AUDACIOUS: Support for Ukraine Maritime Raiding Operations,[16] drawn up for senior British intelligence officers hashing out an elaborate scheme to blow up Crimea’s Kerch Bridge with the involvement of specially trained Ukrainian soldiers.[17]

In August 2022 Zelensky aid Mykhailo Podolyak told the Guardian there could be more attacks in the “next two or three months” similar to strikes on a railway junction and an airbase in Crimea, as well as a hit on Russian warplanes at Crimea's Saky aerodrome. Podolyak told the Guardian that the Kerch Strait bridge linking Crimea with the Russian mainland was a target. “It’s an illegal construction and the main gateway to supply the Russian army in Crimea. Such objects should be destroyed,” he said.[18]

Podolyak took credit for the terrorist attack and destruction of civilian infrastructure: "Crimea, the bridge, the beginning. Everything illegal must be destroyed, everything stolen must be returned to Ukraine, everything occupied by Russia must be expelled."[19] The Washington Post reported that the Security Service of Ukrainian (SBU) were behind the terrorist attack.[20][21] The Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) determined that Kyrylo Budanov, head of Ukrainian military intelligence, was the chief organizer on the Ukrainian end.[22] Ukrainian foreign minister Dmytro Kuleba confirmed that the Kyiv regime was behind the terrorist attack.[23] The Ukrainian Post Office issued a commemorative stamp to honor the terrorist attack.[24] The attack was an act of state-sponsored terrorism by the government of Ukraine with U.S. taxpayer money.

History

Ivan Aivazovsky, Seascape in Crimea, 1866.

The Crimea was the location of the Crimean War of 1853-56 in which British, French, Sardinian and Turkish forces fought Russia in a war sparked by an abstruse dispute over the question of custodianship of the Holy Places in Jerusalem. When Lenin took power through revolution, he at first ceded Ukraine to Germany at the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Later the Treaty of Versailles did not recognize the cessation. Lenin then established a system of autonomous republics in which he separated Ukraine and Belarus from the former Russian Empire. After Nikita Khrushchev took power in 1953, he gave Crimea to Ukraine. The peninsula was also the location of heavy fighting during the Second World War. It contains the resort town of Yalta, location of the Yalta Conference of February 1945, attended by Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin.

After the Soviet Union broke apart in 1991, Russia and Ukraine tried to find a relationship as separate countries. In 1992, the Crimean Parliament voted to hold a referendum to declare independence, while the Russian Parliament voted to void the cession of Crimea to Ukraine.[25][26] However, Russia backed pro-Russian political leaders in Ukraine.

The 1994 Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances was signed by then-Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma, Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin, and John Major. The agreement required that the signatories “respect the independence and sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine” and “refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine.”[27] Under the agreement, Russia agreed that Crimea was a part of Ukraine. However, Russia and Crimea also signed a lease allowing Russia to retain existing Soviet naval bases for a finite time period.

Bloomberg News reported on March 19, 2022 that the Kyiv regime dammed the North Crimean Canal in 2014, cutting off the source of nearly 90% of the region’s fresh water supplying to the civilian population,[28] and international humanitarian crime.

References

  1. Booth, William. "Ukraine’s Yanukovych missing as protesters take control of presidential residence in Kiev", 22 February 2014. 
  2. https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2014/02/27/283481587/crimea-a-gift-to-ukraine-becomes-a-political-flash-point
  3. https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/obama-warns-russia-over-military-moves-crimea
  4. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2578160/Ukraines-fugitive-president-blasts-bandit-regime-says-country-heading-civil-war.html
  5. https://fair.org/home/what-you-should-really-know-about-ukraine/
  6. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/24/world/asia/breaking-with-the-west-afghan-leader-supports-russias-annexation-of-crimea.html?ref=asia&_r=1
  7. "U.N. General Assembly declares Crimea secession vote invalid", Mar 27, 2014. 
  8. "U.N. General Assembly resolution calls Crimean referendum invalid", March 27, 2014. 
  9. "Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid", 27 March 2014. 
  10. "UN General Assembly approves referendum calling Russia annexation of Crimea illegal", March 27, 2014. 
  11. "Ukraine: UN condemns Crimea vote as IMF and US back loans", BBC. 
  12. https://nypost.com/2023/01/22/theres-no-hiding-bidens-fright-over-classified-document-scandal/
  13. Donald Trump accuses Russia of taking Crimea by force in attempt to distance himself from campaign allegations
  14. https://korybko.substack.com/p/western-values-now-include-celebrating
  15. Crimea Declaration
  16. https://thegrayzone.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/Support-for-Maritime-Raiding-Operations-Proposal.pdf
  17. https://thegrayzone.com/2022/10/10/ukrainian-kerch-bridge/
  18. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/aug/16/creating-chaos-zelenskiys-adviser-outlines-ukraines-military-strategy
  19. https://archive.ph/jJC0P
  20. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/ukraine-live-briefing-kyiv-celebrates-crimean-bridge-blast-russia-appoints-new-top-commander/ar-AA12Jldo
  21. https://youtu.be/6V1mnXNczHI?t=1487
  22. https://nypost.com/2022/10/12/russia-arrests-8-in-crimea-bridge-blast-blames-ukraine/
  23. https://youtu.be/uKZnhactW6k
  24. https://youtu.be/CHhq783BNo8
  25. Schmemann, Serge. "Crimea Parliament Votes to Back Independence From Ukraine", 6 May 1992. 
  26. Schmemann, Serge. "Russia Votes to Void Cession of Crimea to Ukraine", 22 May 1992. 
  27. http://www.cfr.org/arms-control-disarmament-and-nonproliferation/budapest-memorandums-security-assurances-1994/p32484
  28. https://archive.ph/blRrb#selection-3203.0-3207.94