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George Washington crossing the Delaware River.

Leadership is the skill of guiding the efforts of others in the performance of some tasks in order to achieve a worthwhile goal, take prompt and decisive action when needed and inspire others to perform their best.[1]

A leader may have higher skills than his subordinates , although it is not essential. He directs activities through discipline and encouragement and displays the values expected. Where practicable he will explain why some action is needed rather than simply use his authority to demand compliance.

  • "... leadership is communicating to people their worth and potential so clearly that they come to see it in themselves." - Stephen R. Covey [2]

What leadership is

Leadership traits/qualities

Necessity of managing yourself before managing others. Leadership by example

See also: Self-management

Leadership by example

Leadership styles

Leadership skills

Importance of visionary leadership

President John F. Kennedy giving his We choose to go to the moon speech at Rice University.

See also: Visionary (Business, organizations, and politics)

In business, organizations and politics the term visionary leadership refers to leaders who are able to see and/or predict opportunities that many others do not see.

What visionary leadership is


Importance of vision for leaders

Visionary leader qualities

Visionary leadership skills

Common pitfalls of leaders who are visionary, but lack other qualities to bring the vision to fruition or pursue unrealistic visions

Achievement oriented leadership

See also: Achievement oriented leadership

Achievement oriented leadership is a leadership style where the leader encourages subordinate growth and progress by setting goals that are challenging or at the highest level possible.[3][4]

Achievement oriented leadership articles

Transformational leadership

See also: Transformational leadership theory and Teamwork skills and Collaboration

Transformational leadership is defined as a leadership approach that causes change in individuals and social systems. In its ideal form, it creates valuable and positive change in the followers with the end goal of developing followers into leaders."[5]

Kendra Cherry, MSEd indicates:

Transformational leadership is a leadership style that can inspire positive changes in those who follow. Transformational leaders are generally energetic, enthusiastic, and passionate. Not only are these leaders concerned and involved in the process, but they are also focused on helping every member of the group succeed.

Transformational leaders take control of situations by conveying a clear vision of the group's goals. These leaders have a marked passion for the work and an ability to make the rest of the group feel recharged and energized.

Transformational leaders focus on helping members of the group support one another and provide them with the support, guidance, and inspiration they need to work hard, perform well, and stay loyal to the group. The primary goals of transformational leadership are to inspire growth, promote loyalty, and instill confidence in group members...

Bass also suggested that there were four different components of transformational leadership. The four main elements of transformational leadership are:

  • Intellectual stimulation: Transformational leaders not only challenge the status quo; they also encourage creativity among followers. The leader encourages followers to explore new ways of doing things and new opportunities to learn.
  • Individualized consideration: Transformational leadership also involves supporting and encouraging individual followers. To foster supportive relationships, transformational leaders keep lines of communication open so that followers feel free to share ideas and so that leaders can offer immediate recognition of the unique contributions of each follower.
  • Inspirational motivation: Transformational leaders have a clear vision that they can articulate to followers. These leaders can also help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill these goals.
  • Idealized influence: The transformational leader serves as a role model for followers. Because followers trust and respect the leader, they emulate this individual and internalize their ideals.[6]

Creativity and leadership

See also: Creativity

Leadership quotes

  • "Management is about persuading people to do things they do not want to do, while leadership is about inspiring people to do things they never thought they could." - Steve Jobs
  • "Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things." - Peter Drucker
  • "Leadership is the art of giving people a platform for spreading ideas that work." - Seth Godin
  • "Good business leaders create a vision, articulate the vision, passionately own the vision and relentlessly drive it to completion." — Jack Welch
  • "Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other." — John F. Kennedy
  • "If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader." — John Quincy Adams
  • "Real leaders are ordinary people with extraordinary determinations." — John Seaman Garns
  • "Leaders are made, they are not born. They are made by hard effort." — Vince Lombardi
  • "A real leader faces the music even when he doesn't like the tune." — Arnold H. Glasgow
  • “A leader takes people where they want to go. A great leader takes people where they don't necessarily want to go, but ought to be.” — Rosalynn Carter
  • "Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it." — Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • “The ability to learn is the most important quality a leader can have.” — Padmasree Warrior
  • "Indeed, if thou hurteth in thy efforts and thou suffer painful dings, then thou art doing it right." - Richard Marcinko, Leadership Secrets of the Rogue Warrior[7][8][9]
  • "Thou hast not to like it - thou hast just to do it." - Richard Marcinko, Leadership Secrets of the Rogue Warrior

Books on leadership

See also

External links