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Name Neodymium
Symbol Nd
Atomic number 60
Atomic mass 144.24 amu
Normal state Solid
Classification Metallic
Crystal structure Hexagonal
Color silvery white with a yellowish tinge. Tarnishes when exposed to air.
Date of discovery 1885
Name of discoverer Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach
Name origin From the Greek neos, meaning new, and didymos, meaning twin.
Uses Used in ceramics to color glazes, in alloys for permanent magnets, for special lens with praseodymium. Also to produce bright purple glass and special glass that filters infrared radiation.
Obtained from Chief ores of Neodymium are monazite and bastnasite.

Neodymium is a chemical element. Its symbol is Nd and its atomic number is 60. It is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. It is used, alloyed with Iron and Boron, in the making of high-strength permanent magnets.[1]