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Name Nitrogen
Symbol N
Atomic number 7
Atomic mass 14.0 amu
Normal state gas
Classification Non-metal
Crystal structure Hexagonal
Color Colorless
Date of discovery 1772
Name of discoverer Daniel Rutherford
Name origin Greek
Uses Forms most of atmosphere
Obtained from From liquid air

Nitrogen is a gaseous element.[1] It is the major component (78%) of air.

In its liquid state, nitrogen is a cryogenic fluid.

Nitrogen is often used in the production of fertilizers and gunpowder.

See also


  1. Wile, Dr. Jay L. Exploring Creation With Physical Science. Apologia Educational Ministries, Inc. 1999, 2000