Columbia University

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Columbia University
Columbiashield.png
City: New York, New York
Type: Private
Sports: archery, baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, field hockey, football, golf, lacrosse, heavyweight rowing, lightweight rowing, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field, volleyball, wrestling[1]
Colors: light blue, white
Mascot: Lions
Degrees: Bachelor's, Master's, Doctoral[2]
Endowment: $7.8 billion[3]
Website: http://www.columbia.edu/

Columbia University is the oldest and most prestigious university in New York City, in Manhattan's Morningside Heights neighborhood, adjacent to Harlem. More Nobel Prize laureates graduated from Columbia University than any other university in the United States, and it is the seventh largest private employer in New York City.[4] It is a member of the Ivy League, and began admitting women in 1983.[5] Columbia University accepts applications from homeschooled students if they have four SAT II subject exam scores.

Contents

History

Columbia University is the fifth oldest college in the nation, founded under the name "King's College" in 1754 under a royal charter by King George II of England. Its original religious affiliation was Anglican. Samuel Johnson held the first classes in a new schoolhouse next to Trinity Church in downtown Manhattan. Columbia's early students and trustees included future Chief Justice John Jay, future Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, future drafter of the U.S. ConstitutionGouverneur Morris, and future co-author of the Declaration of Independence Robert R. Livingston.

Programs

Columbia has a law school, a medical school, and the Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science.

Campuses

Columbia University

Columbia has a large campus in Morningside Heights in northern Manhattan. It also owns Nevis Laboratories in Irvington, New York to study high-energy experimental particle and nuclear physics. That 60-acre estate was once owned by Alexander Hamilton's son. In addition, Columbia owns the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, New York, which allows study of global climate change, earthquakes, volcanoes, and environmental issues.

Controversy

Columbia came under fire from conservatives and free speech activists when Minutemen Project founder Jim Gilchrist and Minuteman Marvin Stewart were attacked by a crowd of student protesters while attempting to give a speech at the school, forcing them to abandon their speech. [6] "They have no right to speak here", said one student.

Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who had called for the destruction of the nation of Israel and called for the execution of homosexuals, was allowed to speak at Columbia on September 26, 2007, but also not without much protest and controversy. [7]

References

  1. http://www.gocolumbialions.com
  2. College Search - Columbia University - At a Glance (English) (HTML). College Board. Retrieved on May 28, 2010.
  3. 2011 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. Retrieved on November 20, 2012.
  4. http://neighbors.columbia.edu/pages/manplanning/jobs_economics/index.html
  5. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,955006-1,00.html
  6. http://www.nysun.com/article/41020?page_no=2
  7. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/09/26/ahmadinejad.columbia/index.html

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