Jacob Broom

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Jacob Broom (October 17, 1752 – April 25, 1810) was a businessman and politician from the state of Delaware. He was also a delegate to the United States Constitutional Convention.

Early life

Broom was born on October 17, 1752 at Wilmington, Delaware. His father, James Broom, was a blacksmith and farmer. Broom was homeschooled; as he grew older, he studied surveying—a skill that would eventually allow him to prepare maps for General George Washington prior to the Battle of Brandywine.[1] He eventually turned his hand to a variety of mercantile trades, including shipping and imports. He married Rachel Pierce in 1773 and together they raised eight children.[2]

In 1776, Broom became the assistant burgess of Wilmington.[3]

Constitutional Convention

Broom was appointed a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787, and never missed a session. Though he spoke very little at the convention, he may have helped keep the members in session until their work was completed.[4] Other members of the Delaware delegation to the Convention were Gunning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, John Dickinson, and George Read.

Later life and legacy

After the Convention, Broom focused on local issues and became a chairman of Wilmington's Delaware Bank.[5] He also became the city's first Postmaster, serving from 1790 to 1792.[6]

Broom died at the age of 57 on April 25, 1810 while in Philadelphia on business and was buried there at Christ Church Burial Ground.


  • Was appointed to the Annapolis Convention, but did not attend.
  • Father of Congressman James Broom and grandfather of Congressman Jacob Broom.