The Twelve Apostles or The Twelve Disciples were the twelve followers of Jesus while He walked the earth. Jesus called each of them to Him at the start of His earthly ministry and they followed Him during the three years of his teaching. While making many gaffes and having difficulty understanding all that Jesus was, after His crucifixion and Resurrection and the imparting of the Holy Spirit, they became men of great valor and the forefathers of Christianity. The four initial Apostles were Peter, Andrew, James and John.
Two of the Apostles authored Gospels: John and Matthew. The other two Gospel authors were the outsider eyewitness Mark and the historian Luke, both of whom knew the Apostles and Mark was unflattering towards them in his Gospel. Many of the Apostles were Gentiles, as reflected by their picking grain contrary to rules of the Sabbath as described by Matt 12:1-8 .
They are Saints in the Catholic and Orthodox traditions except for Judas Iscariot, the traitor of Jesus.
The Apostles were
- Saint Peter
- John the Apostle
- James the Apostle
- Saint James the Less
- Thomas the Apostle
- Saint Andrew
- Bartholomew the Apostle
- Saint Philip
- Jude the Apostle
- Simon the Apostle
- Saint Matthew
- Judas Iscariot
After the death of Judas (Matt 27:5), his place was taken by:
- Matthias the Apostle (Matthias was chosen as an apostle by prayer and lot.)
While not one of the Twelve, an Apostle is considered
- Saint Paul, Apostle of the Gentiles (Years later)
Remembering the Apostles
The Apostles' names can easily be remembered through the use of the following mnemonic poem:
This is the way the disciples run
Peter, Andrew, James and John
Phillip and Bartholemew
Thomas next and Matthew, too.
James the less and Judas the greater
Simon the zealot and Judas the traitor.
- First Century Aramaic Jewish Christian Gospel and poetry
- Christian Saints Gallery
- Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
- The Twelve Apostles Daily Bible Study.
- Apostles. The Catholic Encyclopedia.