Samuel Freeman Miller

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Samuel Freeman Miller
Former Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
From: July 16, 1862 – October 13, 1890
Nominator Abraham Lincoln
Predecessor Peter V. Daniel
Successor Henry Billings Brown
Party Whig, Republican
Religion Unitarian

Samuel Freeman Miller (April 5, 1816 – October 13, 1890) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. An abolitionist, Miller was appointed by Abraham Lincoln to the Court.[1] He was opposed to what would become the incorporation doctrine, and is also famous for writing the majority opinions in the Slaughter-House cases - which held that the new 14th Amendment did not restrict state police powers.[2] He also voted against Lincoln's suppression of habeas corpus and in favor of the constitutionality of loyalty oaths for former Confederates.[2] Miller's limited view of the 14th Amendment led him to strike down state-sponsored racism, but not private racism (in the Civil Rights Cases).[2]


  1. Samuel Freeman Miller (English). Oyez. Chicago-Kent School of Law.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Samuel Freeman Miller (English). law.jrank.