- For the Soviet invasion and war, 1979-89, see Soviet-Afghan War. For politics and society, see Afghanistan.
|Part of||War on Terror|
|Date||October 7, 2001- August 15, 2021|
George W. Bush
Barack Hussein Obama
Osama bin Laden
|129.895 soldiers (ISAF)|
The Afghan War was America's longest war beginning in October 2001. Its purported objective was to destroy the Taliban and prevent the emergence of a base for radical Islamic attacks on American interests. In a disgraceful exit under American Democrat socialist leader Joe Biden, the Taliban emerged stronger than ever after 19 years, 10 months and 25 days of fighting.
President Barack Obama considered the central front in the war on terrorism and ordered a buildup of American troops to fight an insurgency led by the Taliban. NATO supported the effort through the International Security Assistance Force, or ISAF, under U.S. command. During the course of the war, U.S. officials claimed that the war was winnable and that they were making progress when they knew this was not actually the case.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Sanctuary
- 3 Bonn Agreeement
- 4 U.S. involvement
- 5 Nation building
- 6 Obama escalation
- 7 2021 collapse
- 8 War profiteers
- 9 Further reading
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
"Operation Enduring Freedom" easily defeated the Taliban in late 2001 and it seemed the war was over quickly. But the Taliban regrouped, especially in the southern provinces, with sanctuaries inside neighboring Pakistan in remote areas where the government of Pakistan had little authority. By 2003 the insurgency in the south was in operation, funded by opium production. Important factors for the return of insurgency include the initial mistakes made in 2001; radical Islamic support from Pakistan; weaknesses of the Hamid Karzai government, especially its feeble and corrupt national army and police; the question of legitimacy and offenses to traditional tribal and Islamic values and beliefs; and, finally, the extent to which NATO forces became part of the problem by angering the tribes. The insurgency controlled numerous areas and engaged in terror attacks on civilians and guerrilla warfare against American and NATO forces. Al-Qaeda terrorists—the only Arabs in Afghanistan—had been welcomed by the Taliban in 1999 and built their bases there. They have been largely destroyed or fled to Pakistan, according to the U.S. Army, having fewer than 100 people left in Afghanistan.
In Aug. 2009, General Stanley A. McChrystal, the top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, said the Afghan government was riddled with corruption and NATO was being undermined by tactics that alienate civilians. He called the Taliban insurgency "a muscular and sophisticated enemy" that uses modern propaganda and systematically reaches into Afghanistan's prisons to recruit members and even plan operations. McChrystal alerted Washington that he urgently needs more forces within the next year; without them, he warned, the eight-year conflict "will likely result in failure." American policy was increasing set by Defense Secretary Robert Gates, originally appointed by President Bush in 2006 and reappointed by President Obama in 2009. Gates fired the commander, General David McKiernan, in May 2009, replacing him with McChrystal. Gates insisted on dropping the old strategy of hunting down insurgents and instead adopting a counterinsurgency strategy that focused on protecting local civilians and training Afghan soldiers and police to take over the job. Gates convinced Obama, who ordered 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan in Dec. 2009, with a deadline of 18 months, at which time a transition to Afghan responsibility would begin. The ruling Democratic party in the United States was split three ways: a small number of hawks who agreed with Obama's decision to escalate the troop level; a large number of doves who opposed it; and a sizable group that was uneasy with the Obama troop surge but willing to loyally support his decision.
After the terrorist attacks on 9/11, the Bush administration in its 2002 National Security Strategy promulgated a new preventive war doctrine, and initiated a program of targeted killings using weaponized Unarmed Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), drones, and other means. President Obama greatly expanded the employment of drones to kill people. CIA Director John Brennan was put in charge of selecting targets.
From the mid-1990s the Taliban controlled Afghanistan and provided sanctuary to Osama bin Laden with his Al-Qaida band of Arab terrorists. Bin Laden provided both financial and political support to the Taliban. Bin Laden and his Al-Qaida group were charged with the bombing of the U.S. Embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in 1998, and in August 1998 the United States launched a cruise missile attack against bin Laden's terrorist camp in southeastern Afghanistan. Bin Laden and Al-Qaida claimed responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks attacks against the United States.
Following the Taliban's repeated refusal to expel bin Laden and his group and end its support for international terrorism, NATO, under U.S. command began a military campaign on October 7, 2001, targeting terrorist facilities and various Taliban military and political assets within Afghanistan.
Afghan factions opposed to the Taliban met at a United Nations-sponsored conference in Bonn, Germany in December 2001 and agreed to restore stability and governance to Afghanistan—creating an interim government and establishing a process to move toward a permanent government. Under the "Bonn Agreement," an Afghan Interim Authority was formed and took office in Kabul on December 22, 2001, with Hamid Karzai as Chairman. The Interim Authority held power for approximately 6 months while preparing for a nationwide "Loya Jirga" (Grand Council) in mid-June 2002 that decided on the structure of a Transitional Authority. The Transitional Authority, headed by President Hamid Karzai, renamed the government as the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (TISA). One of the TISA's primary achievements was the drafting of a constitution that was ratified by a Constitutional Loya Jirga on January 4, 2004
The militaries of the United States and its NATO allies, in concert with a coalition of northern Afghan tribes known as the Northern Alliance, quickly overthrew the Taliban government controlling the country from its historic capital of Kandahar. While the Taliban government was quick to fold, large amounts of fighters remained with the local population and subsequently engaged in a prolonged guerilla campaign against Coalition Forces. However, high-profile operations in the country's eastern White Mountains (Battle of Tora Bora) and Shahikhot Valley (Operation Anaconda) to capture or kill bin Laden and other high-value al Qaida targets were a failure.
In 2001, the CIA's Special Activities Division units were the first U.S. forces to enter Afghanistan. Their efforts organized the Afghan Northern Alliance for the subsequent arrival of United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) (United States Special Operations Command) forces. The plan for the invasion of Afghanistan was developed by the CIA, the first time in United States history that such a large-scale military operation was planned by the CIA. SAD, U.S. Army Special Forces and the Northern Alliance combined to overthrow the Taliban in Afghanistan with minimal loss of U.S. lives. They did this without the need for U.S. military conventional ground forces.
In late 2003, the Joint Chiefs designated Lt. Gen. David W. Barno as the new commander of American forces in Afghanistan, He adopted a counterinsurgency strategy, requiring coalition forces to work closely with Afghan leaders to stabilize entire regions, rather than simply attacking insurgent cells. Because the Pentagon insisted on maintaining a "small footprint" in Afghanistan and because Iraq was a higher priority conflict, Barno was given only 20,000 troops. As a result, battalions with 800 soldiers were trying to secure provinces the size of Vermont. Coalition forces were thinly spread across the mountainous land, leaving much of Afghanistan vulnerable to enemy force increasingly willing to reassert their power. On the positive side, the pairing of small Special Operations Forces teams with Afghan militias, which, backed by laser-guided weapons, drove the Taliban from power.
The Washington Post stated in an editorial by John Lehman in 2006:
- "What made the Afghan campaign a landmark in the U.S. Military's history is that it was prosecuted by Special Operations forces from all the services, along with Navy and Air Force tactical power, operations by the Afghan Northern Alliance and the CIA were equally important and fully integrated. No large Army or Marine force was employed".
Seven years after the overthrow of the Taliban, America and NATO forces wre still fighting Taliban forces in parts of the country, especially in the south. There is no sign that Western troops will be withdrawing from Afghanistan in the foreseeable future. Lt. Gen. Karl Eikenberry, commander of the United States coalition forces stated his commitment to accomplishing the mission, saying,
|“||The United States will not leave Afghanistan until the Afghan people tell us the job is done. The war on terrorism began here in Afghanistan and it continues today. We must never forget that.||”|
In a 2008 New York Times book review of Horse Soldiers, a book by Doug Stanton about the invasion of Afghanistan, Bruce Barcott wrote:
- "The valor exhibited by Afghan and American soldiers, fighting to free Afghanistan from a horribly cruel regime, will inspire even the most jaded reader. The stunning victory of the horse soldiers—350 Special Forces soldiers, 100 C.I.A. officers and 15,000 Northern Alliance fighters routing a Taliban army 50,000 strong—deserves a hallowed place in American military history".
Three weeks after the 9/11 attacks, on October 3, 2001, Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware proposed on the Senate floor a billion dollars in aid to a yet-to-be-formed Afghan interim government. The amount was almost twice as much as U.N. General Secretary Kofi Annan proposed, and more than triple what the Bush administration asked for. Sen. Biden, who spoke for the Democrats in Congress, wanted more than just removal of the Taliban and degrading al Qaeda. Biden wanted nation building.
On October 22, 2001, Sen. Biden, Chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, gave a speech at the Council on Foreign Relations insisting that U.S. goals—rooting out al-Qaeda and helping establish a friendly successor government to the Taliban—would require U.S. boots on the ground far beyond the small number of Special Forces that the Pentagon had recommended. Biden said, "There is no way that you can, in fact, go after and root out al Qaeda and or Bin Ladin without folks on the ground, in caves, risking and losing their lives. And I believe that the tolerance for that in the Islamic world is significant, exponentially higher, than it is for us bombing." Under pressure from U.S. military and anti-Taliban forces however, the Taliban disintegrated rapidly, and Kabul fell on November 13, 2001.
Hamid Karzai formed an interim government on 22 December 2001 until elections could be held after the removal of Taliban rule by the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) forces. On January 10, 2002 Biden arrived in Afghanistan on a four-day fact-finding visit at Bagram Airforce Base. The Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility had been prepared to receive jihadis. Bagram was a major collection point for preliminary interrogation. Sen. Biden said, "These are some real hard, hard, hard cases. But unless we gather the list of leaders which we -- I have in my pocket here...the possibility of them being able to do guerrilla kind of attacks on military here are real."
In 2002 and 2003, when Afghan tribal councils gathered to write a new constitution, the U.S. government gave “nice packages” to delegates who supported Washington’s preferred stance. “The perception that was started in that period: If you were going to vote for a position that Washington favored, you’d be stupid to not get a package for doing it,” according to a U.S. official interviewed by the Washington Post who served in Kabul at the time.
According to The New York Times, beginning in December 2002 throughout Karzai's terms of office, Karzai's office was funded with "tens of millions of dollars" of black cash from the CIA in order to buy influence within the Afghan government. TheNYT stated that "the cash that does not appear to be subject to the oversight and restrictions." An unnamed American official was quoted by The New York Times as stating that "The biggest source of corruption in Afghanistan was the United States."
Once it became the narrative that the U.S. was there to improve life for Afghans the venture became subject to withering critiques. In an investigative report by the Washington Post, a forensic accountant analyzed "3,000 Defense Department contracts worth $106 billion dollars concluded about 40% of the money ended up in the pockets of insurgents, criminal syndicates, or corrupt Afghan officials." The Spectator noted, "On Ivy League campuses, students are taught to decry colonialism, but Ivy League diplomats who sought to remake Afghanistan and Harvard's image were among the most ambitious practitioners of colonialism in world history. Alongside the billions for bombs went hundreds of millions for gender studies in Afghanistan. According to a USAID observer, the gender ideology included in American aid routinely caused rebellions out in the provinces directly causing the instability America was supposedly fighting."
- See also: Obama war crimes
Despite campaigning against "dumb wars," Barack Obama made escalating the troop level a high priority. In September 2009, the Pentagon pushed back against liberal Democrats who oppose sending additional combat troops to Afghanistan, telling Congress that success would probably require more fighting forces, and certainly much more time. Washington is debating the new report by Gen. McChrystal, the senior American and NATO commander in Afghanistan, who believes a properly resourced counterinsurgency war means more forces, more time and more commitment to the development of a strong Afghan government capable of defending its own country. Some 4,000 more American trainers will arrive by November, bringing the American troop level to 68,000.
The ruling Democratic party in the United States was split three ways: a small number of hawks who agreed with Obama's decision to escalate the troop level; a large number of doves who opposed it; and a sizable group that was uneasy with the Obama troop surge but willing to loyally support his decision. Each one thousand American soldiers in Afghanistan cost a billion dollars a year; Speaker Nancy Pelosi indicated that the continued operations would be financed by borrowing.
In the first half of 2010, 250 contractors reportedly died in Iraq and Afghanistan - more than the 235 military personnel who fell during the same period.
By 2009, there were three entirely separate insurgencies operating independently.
- The strongest was the "Quetta Shura Taliban" (QST) headed by Mullah Omar. They fled Afghanistan after 2001, and operate from a sanctuary in the Pakistani city of Quetta. It has created an elaborate shadow government known as the "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan," which capitalizes on the Afghan government's weaknesses. They install 'shari'a' [Islamic law] courts to deliver swift and enforced justice in contested and controlled areas. They levy taxes and conscript fighters and laborers. They claim to provide security against a corrupt government, ISAF forces, criminality, and local power brokers. They also claim to protect Afghan and Muslim identity against foreign encroachment. The QST has been working with considerable success to control Kandahar and its approaches.
- Second was the "Haqqani network" (HQN), active in southeastern Afghanistan. It draws money and manpower from Pakistan, Gulf Arab networks, and from its close association with al Qaeda and other Pakistan-based insurgent groups. Al Qaeda's links with HQN have grown, raising fears that expanded HQN control could allow extremist movements to re-establish safe-havens inside Afghanistan.
- Third was the "Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin" insurgency, which maintains bases in three Afghan provinces and in Pakistan. Led by the former Mujahideen commander Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, it aims to negotiate a major role for itself in a future Taliban government, and meanwhile controls smuggling routes in the east.
The rebels in the southern provinces come from the Pashtuns tribes, which form 44% of the population. Only a minority of Pashtuns support the rebels. The Taliban have a significant presence in many Pashtun villages, as well as a sanctuary in neighboring Pakistan. The number of armed insurgents has grown from 3,000 in 2006 to 15,000- 20,000 in 2009. They are locals who know the hiding places in the extremely difficult terrain, and receive protection support from some Pashtun tribes.
More than 108,000 NATO troops were serving in Afghanistan in September 2009: 64,500 from the United States, 9,000 from Britain and 34,500 from other nations. In all, 1,386 troops have been killed. NATO deaths include 830 Americans, 214 British, and 130 Canadians; 22 other countries that have sent forces to Afghanistan have suffered deaths among their troops.
Debates are underway in many countries regarding how long the troops should stay. The Dutch, with 1,770 solders there, have yet to decide whether they will pull out in 2010 or redeploy from the country's perilous south. A debate is also under way in France, which has 3,160 troops engaged. Germany has 4,000 troops based in the Kunduz region. Poland, which has 2,000 troops deployed, seems determined to keep them there despite the sour mood back home. Spain has announced it will send 220 more troops, for a total of 1,000.
- See also: WikiLeaks
On July 25, 2010, WikiLeaks published 76,000 previously classified documents about the Afghan war. Instead of investigating allegations of war crimes, an arrest warrant based on false allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, was issued. Assange spent eight years holed up in the Embassy of Ecuador in London, and eventually transferred to a UK jail in ill health.
In 2011m Assange said, "The goal is not to completely subjugate Afghanistan. The goal is to use Afghanistan to wash money out of the tax bases of the US and Europe through Afghanistan and back into the hands of a transnational security elite. The goal is an endless war, not a successful war."
The Wikileaks data described a secret hit list called the “Joint Prioritized Effects List” (JPEL) with as many as 2,058 names considered “capture/kill” targets in Afghanistan. WikiLeaks gave the information to The Guardian, The New York Times and Der Spiegel. The Guardian described the project as a “Unique collaboration between the Guardian, The New York Times and Der Spiegel magazine in Germany to sift the huge trove of data for material of public interest and to distribute globally this secret record of the world’s most powerful nation at war.” Assange said in a written affidavit given in 2013 that the material documented “detailed records about the deaths of nearly 20,000 people.”
Afghan National Army
Conditions turned much worse in late summer 2009, as the much-heralded national election was marked by widespread fraud and pessimism is spreading. Increasingly the main justification for the war, now 8 years old, is to prop up the shaky regime in neighboring Pakistan. NATO commander Stanley McChrystal requested 30,000-40,000 additional troops. Obama, unused to such responsibility, dithered for three months before approving the urgent request. By early 2010 the US had over 100,000 troops in Afghanistan, triple the number when Obama took office.
The pro-Karzai Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazara Shiites and Uzbeks that formed the ruling coalition were not united, and the government they dominated was extremely weak and poverty-stricken. The Afghan government controled only 30% of the country. The country is resource-poor—there is no oil—and the only rich resource is opium poppies. There is no educated base to staff a 21st century Western-style bureaucracy, and the so-called Afghan National Army was a collection of tribal militias. 90% of the soldiers were illiterate, making them hard to train to American standards.
Democrats in Congress, led by Michigan Senator Carl Levin demanded accelerated efforts to train and equip Afghan security forces before there was any more deployment of American troops. Levin demanded new goals to be established for Afghan security forces in terms far exceeding the capabilities of the Afghans. The army, he said, should grow to 250,000 troops by the end of 2012, and the police to 160,000 officers by that date. In 2011, over-optimistic targets were 134,000 army troops and 96,000 police officers by the end of the next year. The lukewarm Congressional Democrats were countered by Republicans, led by Senator John McCain, who strongly supported the Obama position. McCain insisted that more troops are "vitally needed" and that any delay in ordering more combat forces to the fight would put American lives at risk.
In an interview with NPR, Gen. James Mattis said he had been given “two contradictory objectives” in 2011 when he was leading Central Command and overseeing the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Mattis said, “The forces under my command at CENTCOM were to degrade the Taliban while building up the Afghan Army. They were also to withdraw on a strict timetable, independent of circumstances on the ground. We could do one or the other, but not both. What you have got to do is figure out what it is you intend to do at the outset [of a war] and then hold firm to that and don’t half-step it. I think that we have had serious policy challenges in figuring out exactly what it is we intend to do and then holding firm to that vision.”
- See also: Abbottabad raid
Killing bin Laden was never an objective or priority of the Bush administration. Knowing full well Islam is a doctrine of vengeance - not love or forgiveness - the War on Terror was stipulated from the beginning to be about prevention, not retribution. Bin Laden had been living for a number of years under house arrest by the Pakistani military who (1) could not put him on trial, (2) could not execute him, and (3) could not extradite him to the United States - all for fear how the Pakistani public might react. Keeping bin Laden in a box, cut off from command of his global jihadi network, served Bush administration policy of limiting jihadi recruiting, and making bin Laden appear as a coward in hiding who sent others to die.
On March 18, 2011, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton certified to the United States Congress that Pakistan was demonstrating a “Sustained commitment to and is making significant efforts toward combating terrorist groups.” The certification, as required by law to receive funding, atested that Pakistan was making progress in “preventing al-Qaeda... from operating in [jt's territory].” An NBC investigation revealed Obama was informed of bin Laden's whereabouts in Pakistan one full year before he used it as an election-year gimmick. With the revelation six weeks later that bin Laden was living in plain sight in a compound one-half mile from the country’s premier military academy, the certification was met "with deep skepticism and appears to many observers to be driven primarily by political considerations rather than ground realities," according to a report by the Congressional Research Service.
On May 1, 2011, Obama misled the public when he announced  that Osama bin Laden was "killed in a firefight" after Seal Team 6 infiltrated a compound in Abottobad, Pakistan. Attacks, murders, and kidnappings of Americans increased as reprisals for bin Laden's death. Al Qaeda, once broken and on the run, began to operate openly as the jihad became global. Relations with Pakistan, a longtime ally throughout the Cold War and War on Terror, became strained. The government of Pakistan denied White House claims it allowed Americans to kill Muslims on its territory. For all his duplicity and criticism of the War on Terror, Obama experienced only a temporary blip in approval ratings.
Obama's order to assassinate bin Laden stood the War on Terror on its head - turning it from a preventative war into a war of retribution. And when the retribution was accomplished, the war continued. A War of Retribution was a complete rejection of America's foundational Christian ethic, which leftists reveled in, without thinking.
The number of jihadis worldwide grew by a factor of 4 or 5 at least since Obama took the reins of power as Commander-in-Chief. Breaking with the Bush administration's policy of isolating al Qaeda leadership under house arrest in Pakistan, Obama transformed the War on Terror from a preventative war to a war of retribution. The assassination of Osama bin Laden raised bin Laden from a coward in hiding to the status of hero-martyr in the cause of jihad, and became the impetus for increased recruiting as the West went into retreat from the battlefield. Remarkably, even the New York Times was critical of Obama's incessant boasting about the killing of bin Laden as a buzz phrase for his re-election. With the complete disengagement of American troops from Iraq, the Islamic State arose and global Caliphate declared.
Seal Team 6 crash
The families of Navy Seal Team 6 blame Vice President Joe Biden for revealing the identity of the Navy Seal Team that killed Osama bin Laden. Seal Team 6 is a covert action force, and all its members are sworn to secrecy to never reveal the actions they participate in. The government likewise is bound to protect their identities against reprisals. In boasting of the killing, Biden named Seal Team 6 by name as the unit that found bin Laden.
On August 6, 2011, the Taliban ambushed a Chinook helicopter carrying 30 U.S. service members — including 15 SEAL Team 6 members — in Afghanistan. Everyone on board was killed. In a show of multiculturalism, the Obama administration insisted a Muslim cleric be present when the bodies were recovered.
Families of the slain SEAL members held a news conference at the National Press Club demanding an investigation into why their sons had been identified, despite specific assurances by the Obama administration their identities would be protected. To add insult, the families complained about the Muslim cleric that the Obama administration required to preside in a ceremony over their remains, damned their souls to hell as infidels in an Islamic prayer proclaiming victory.
American deaths in Afghanistan more than doubled in Obama's first few years compared with the preceding eight years of George Bush  as he increased troop strength for no discernible purpose and to "win" unstated objectives.
Obama needlessly escalated troop strength and defense costs in Afghanistan from $43.5 billion in George Bush's last year to $113.7 billion for 2011. Adviser to Gen. Stanley McChrystal, David Kilcullen wrote, "One of the big strategic shifts is the use of language now which talks about Pakistan and Afghanistan as the same theater. Now we talked about Af-Pak long before the Obama administration came about, but the public use of that term, and the description of it as the Afghanistan-Pakistan campaign, sends a new message to people about how the administration is going to think about Afghanistan and Pakistan."
Obama tripled down in Afghanistan, widened the war into Pakistan, multiplied by drone attacks, bombed Yemen and Somalia, and started an undeclared NATO war in Libya. From the Boston Globe:
'The New America Foundation, which tracks the strikes, has listed 23 raids since the beginning of April 2011, all but one in Pakistan’s tribal regions of North and South Waziristan. A June 20 attack was reported in Kurram, an area north of North Waziristan along the Afghanistan border.'
'The drone program has become increasingly controversial as the Obama administration has expanded its use beyond the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Lethal missiles have been launched from unmanned aircraft in at least five countries in addition to Pakistan: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and, most recently, Somalia. The military’s Joint Special Operations Command used a drone last June to attack what officials said were two senior members of the Al Shabab militant group on the Somali coast.' 
By Obama's third year as Commander-in-Chief, over 1200 American troops died in Iraq and Afghanistan - significantly more than the number who died during President George W. Bush's term of office. And growing numbers of civilian contractors also rose.
Targeted drone killings
According to the New York Times, John Brennan has been the "principal coordinator" of U.S. kill lists. Former Obama administration counterterrorism official Daniel Benjamin stated that Brennan "probably had more power and influence than anyone in a comparable position in the last 20 years." The criteria and decisions determining who may be targeted for killing were developed in large part by John Brennan, who "wields enormous power in shaping decisions on 'kill' lists and the allocation of armed drones". Barack Obama, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, joked about his approvals of names submitted off Brennan's list: "I'm really good at killing people."
Obama's kill list was criticized internationally as "targeted executions" and "extrajudicial murders." "[I]n essence, this means that based on intelligence evidence, the administration assumes the right to judge and execute anyone without bothering about such minor things as proper court hearings, or the right of the accused person for proper legal defense...the fact that such operations clearly violate the principles propagated by the U.S. itself, like the right of everyone for legal defense, does not seem to bother the administration." Speaking at Harvard Law School on 25 October 2012, United Nations Special Rapporteur on human rights and counter terrorism, Ben Emmerson, stated that he would launch an investigation unit within the United Nations Human Rights Council. Emmerson and Christof Heyns, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, have described some Obama administration targeted killings as war crimes.
Glenn Greenwald has written that "the central role played by the NCTC in determining who should be killed [is] rather odious... the NCTC operates a gigantic data-mining operation..." Greenwald concludes that the Kill list has established "simultaneously a surveillance state and a secretive, unaccountable judicial body that analyzes who you are and then decrees what should be done with you, how you should be "disposed" of, beyond the reach of any minimal accountability or transparency". Former counterterrorism specialist and military intelligence officer Philip Giraldi has criticized the disposition matrix's "everyday" killing of targets with what he calls "little or no evidence", leaving the White House "completely unaccountable".
President Barack Obama signed a Presidential Finding in early 2012 authorizing transfer of captured weapons from Libya to groups that became the Islamic State.
In mid 2014 DNI James Clapper fired Defense Intelligence Agency Chief Michael T. Flynn. Flynn opposed Obama's support for the Islamic State. A US Chinook helicopter was shot down in Afghanistan with a new generation of US Stinger missile procured by the Taliban from Qatar. A serial number from the missile casing was recovered, tracing the Stinger's origin to a lot disbursed to the CIA which the CIA delivered to Qatar, intended for Libya and Syria during the Libyan war. Hillary Clinton's State Dept. and John Brennan's CIA jointly ran a covert weapons supply program (Operation Zero Footprint). Flynn was outraged at the findings of the DIA investigation, that US weapons supplied by Obama/Hillary/Brennan's covert assistance to jihadis were used to kill Americans.
Bowe Bergdahl swap
When Barack Obama released five Taliban commanders from the Guantanamo Bay prison in exchange for American deserter Bowe Bergdahl in 2014, he assured Americans that the enemy combatants would not be allowed to return to Afghanistan. 6 American soldiers lives were lost searching for the American deserter. Upon Bergdahl's return, Obama celebrated Bergdahl as a heroic “POW,” a designation the Pentagon never gave him. Khairullah Khairkhwa, one of the five released from Guantanamo, sat across the table from Joe Biden’s personal representative in Moscow in the spring of 2021, where Mullah Khairkhwa was part of the Taliban delegation that negotiated the terms of the US withdrawal. Mullah Khairkhwa is the mastermind of the Taliban takeover, even though the Pentagon classified Khairkhwa as too dangerous to release.
Khairkhwa assured the Biden junta that the Taliban would not retaliate against Afghans who worked with the US military or the US-backed government in Kabul. However, reports out of Kandahar and Kabul soon after the fall of Afghanistan indicate the Taliban was going door to door with a kill list to wipe out their enemies. Mullah Khairkhwa previously served as the Taliban’s interior minister prior to 2002, where he oversaw Islamist punishments, including beheadings and stonings.
All five of the terrorists in the Bowe Bergdahl swap assumed prominent positions in the Taliban interim government announced on September 11, 2021:
- Acting Minister of Information and Culture: Mullah Khairullah Khairkhah
- Defense Deputy Minister: Mullah Mohammad Fazil
- Acting Director of Intelligence: Abdul Haq Wasiq
- Border and Tribal Affairs Minister: Mullah Norullah Nori
- Acting Governor of Khost Province: Muhammad Nabi Omari
In 2015, The New York Times reported that U.S. soldiers were instructed by their commanders to ignore child sexual abuse being carried out by the Afghan National Security Forces. American soldiers were instructed not to intervene—in some cases, not even when their Afghan allies have abused boys on military bases, according to interviews and court records. But the U.S. soldiers were troubled that instead of weeding out pedophiles, the U.S. military was arming them against the Taliban and placing them as the police commanders of villages—and doing little when they began abusing children.
According to a report by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, the DOD had received 5,753 vetting requests of Afghan security forces, some of which related to sexual abuse. The DOD was investigating 75 reports of gross human rights violations, including 7 involving child sexual assault. According to The New York Times, discussing that report, American law required military aid to be cut off to the offending unit, but that never happened. U.S. Special Operations Forces officer, Capt. Dan Quinn, was relieved of his command in Afghanistan after fighting an Afghan militia commander who had been responsible for keeping a boy as a sex slave.
- See also: Fall of Kabul
With the August 2021 Taliban take over of major cities, it was clear that it was Amerian Democrat socialist leader Joe Biden who failed the Afghan war. With Billions spent by US in Afghanistan on the Afghan army, at the end, rather benefited the Taliban.
On July 8, 2021, Biden said from the White House, "I trust the capacity of the Afghan military, who is better trained, better equipped, and more competent in terms of conducting war," "There's going to be no circumstance where you're going to see people being lifted off the roof of an embassy of the United States from Afghanistan." The same month the Defense Department said it was providing the Afghan Air Force 35 Black Hawk helicopters and three A-29 Super Tucanos. The United States spent $83 billion equipping and training the Afghanistan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF), including $10 billion in aircraft and vehicles. Less than a month later several Black Hawks helicopters and other aircraft were seized by the Taliban. Many of the aircraft and helicopters are armed. These A-29 Super Tucanos can fire laser-guided and other types of bombs. The Afghan government also had 50 American-made MD-530 attack helicopters, which are armed with machine guns and rockets. The Afghan Air Force had UH-60 Black Hawks and Russian-made Mi-17 helicopters, as well as C-130 and Cessna transports, and a small fleet of armed Cessnas. Young men were beaten in the streets for wearing T-shirts and blue jeans.
Bodies lay strewn on the streets of Kandahar. It was a repetition of what the Taliban had done in all the other provinces to the forces that fought alongside Americans. Taliban atrocities included executions, even killing kids in front of their parents. Afghans became fearful of the brutal regime's return. CNN reported that on July 12, 2021 the Taliban knocked on the door of a mother of four in a small village in northern Afghanistan. They were demanding food. The mother told them, "I am poor, how can I cook for you?" The Taliban beat her to death. In Takhar province, the Taliban shot and killed a woman when she went out in public without a burqa.
Once inside the city, the Taliban had all the records with names of everyone who served in the Ktah Khas (KKA) or Afghan Special Forces, and began a house-to-house search for them. The KKA counter-terrorism experts who were trained by and fought alongside Americans suffered the same fate others did in the provinces, and were summarily executed.
Taliban commanders, after capturing some of the provincial capitals, ordered local Imams to bring the lists of unmarried women aged from 12 to 45 for their soldiers to marry as they view them as ‘qhanimat’ or ‘spoils of war’. The Taliban intends to “distribute ” these kids and women among themselves as Jihadists consider them as a ‘prize’.
Not surprisingly, The Qatari pro-terror network Al Jazeera was given exclusive access to the presidential palace by Taliban.
As in 9/11 atrocity, it was Arab-Islamic Palestinians who cheered on. This time Hamas officials.
Up to 40,000 Americans remained stranded in Afghanistan. At least 24 students from San Diego school district and 16 parents had tickets to fly out but were not able to get to the airport. The woke Pentagon and the State Department publicly stated that they did not know how many Americans were in the country, let alone where they were. People requesting the embassy's help first received a message telling them to go to Kabul airport, followed by a warning not to go to the airport. Unaware of the State Department warning, the woke Pentagon sent out a message telling people it was all clear to travel to the airport. No one in the Biden socialist regime was fired for the bungling, incompetence, degradation of respect for America among allies and on a global scale, and pointless loss of life among innocents and people who served with the United States against Taliban inhumanity.
People who had worked for the Afghan government went into hiding, "awaiting their death sentence."
The Biden regime gave the Taliban a list of names of American citizens, Afghan allies, green card holders, they wanted to evacuate.
|“Basically, they just put all those Afghans on a kill list,” said one defense official, who like others spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive topic. “It’s just appalling and shocking and makes you feel unclean,” according to Politico.|
Red State reported:
|"This is insane, since the Taliban is looking to kill anyone who worked with the U.S., and has beheaded and killed Afghan allies in the past. Why would you give them what amounts to a “kill list” or hostage list? They are our enemies.
Now, even if they don’t nab those allies at the airport, they will have their name and can hunt them down. It’s already been reported that the Taliban has been going house to house to hunt people down to kill them and their families and you give them a list?"
Panic ensued as the Kabul airport was flooded with people fleeing the Taliban terror. Some people were stampeded to death. Tens of thousands of Afghans lined up outside the airport in the hopes of finding a way out. People died after being crushed or succumbing to sweltering temperatures in the crowds outside the airport gate as individuals and families sought refuge from the Taliban. Sky News chief correspondent Stuart Ramsay saw people crushed to death, medics check their vital signs and then cover the bodies in white sheets. A heartbroken mother found her 2-year-old daughter trampled to death.
A sniper killed an Afghan army soldier alongside coalition forces at the airport.
Three young men clung to the tires of an airplane, only to fall on top of people's houses once the plane was airborne. Remains of a fourth body were found crushed inside the wheel well upon landing.
On August 25, 2021 the U.S. State Department and U.K. officials issued a warning to American and British citizens to leave the vicinity of the Kabul airport immediately.
On August 26, 2021, two suicide bombs went off outside the Kabul airport, killing 170 people including 13 American soldiers. It was the deadliest day in 10 years for Americans. One was a car bomb about 200 yards away, outside the Baron hotel, which was a staging area for evacuees from the airport. ISIS-K allegedly claimed responsibility. An Italian C-130 also came under fire as it departed the airport. A translator for the U.S. Marine Corps spoke with Fox News and gave a first-hand account of what he witnessed after the suicide attack.His 5-year-old girl died in his hands.
Several members of Congress called upon Biden to resign.
The ultimate winner of two decades of war in Afghanistan is China. The captured aircraft and armored vehicles left behind will give the Taliban's newfound friends in China a broad window into how the U.S. military builds and uses some of its most important tools of war. Georgianna Shea, who spent years helping the Pentagon research and test new technologies, said “It’s not just a Humvee. It’s not just a vehicle that gets you from point A to point B. It’s a Humvee that’s full of radios, technologies, crypto systems, things we don’t want our adversaries getting a hold of.” Gear that has been “rendered inoperable,” as U.S. officials described the planes and vehicles left behind, can still reveal secrets. “In some cases, this equipment was fielded with the assumption we would have gates and guards to protect it. When it was developed, no one thought the Chinese would have it in their cyber lab, dissecting it, pulling it apart," Shea said. Once an attacker has physical control of a device, little can stop them from discovering its vulnerabilities—and there are always vulnerabilities, Shea said.
Of particular concern are the electronic countermeasures gear, or ECMs, used to detect improvised explosive devices. “Imagine the research and development effort that went into develop those ECM devices that were designed to counter IEDs,” said Peter Christensen, a former director of the U.S. Army’s National Cyber Range. “Now, our adversaries have them. They’re going to have the software and the hardware that goes with that system. But also develop capabilities to defeat or mitigate the effectiveness of those ECM devices.”
- See also: Military-industrial complex
The Intercept‘s Jon Schwarz examined returns on stocks of the five biggest defense contractors: Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, and General Dynamics. Schwarz found that a $10,000 investment in stock evenly split across those five companies on the day in 2001 that then-President Georg W. Bush signed the authorization preceding the US invasion would be worth $97,295 this week, not adjusted for inflation, taxes, or fees. According to The Intercept:
|"This is a far greater return than was available in the overall stock market over the same period. $10,000 invested in an S&P 500 index fund on September 18, 2001, would now be worth $61,613. That is, defense stocks outperformed the stock market overall by 58% during the Afghanistan War."|
- Franks, Tommy. American Soldier (2004), memoir of US commander in 2001-2
- Jockel, Joseph T. and Joel J. Sokolsky. "Canada and the War in Afghanistan: NATO's Odd Man Out Steps Forward." Journal Of Transatlantic Studies 2008 6(1): 100-115 online in EBSCO
- Jones, Seth. In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan (2009) excerpt and text search
- Rashid, Ahmed. Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia (2009), blames Bush for a weak response to the need for force. excerpt and text search
- Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army. The United States Army in Afghanistan: Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (October 2001-March 2003) online, 44pp; brief official history
- United States Special Operations Command. History: 1987-2007 (2007) online, pp 87–112 on Afghanistan.
- ↑ https://www.bbc.com/news/10302946
- ↑ https://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/06/pakistan_backs_afghan_taliban.php
- ↑ http://www.nato.int/isaf/docu/epub/pdf/placemat.pdf
- ↑ Multiple references:
- Mass, Warren (December 10, 2019). U.S. Officials Lied to American Public About War in Afghanistan. The New American. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Whitlock, Craig (December 9, 2019). At war with the truth. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Whitlock, Craig (December 9, 2019). Built to Fail. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Budryk, Zack; Kheel, Rebecca (December 9, 2019). Documents show US leaders misled public on progress in Afghanistan War: report. The Hill. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Normal, Greg (December 9, 2019). US government repeatedly misled Americans on war in Afghanistan as top officials vented in private, report says. Fox News. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Report: US misled public on progress in Afghanistan war. Associated Press. December 9, 2019. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- Roberts, Katabella (December 10, 2019). Confidential Documents Reveal US Officials ‘Did Not Tell Truth About War in Afghanistan’ and ‘Distorted Public Evidence’. The Epoch Times. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Mora, Edwin (December 12, 2019). Report: U.S. Officials Knew Afghanistan Was an Unwinnable War. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Read, Russ (December 9, 2019). 'No one's in charge': US had no plan to stop drug flow from Afghanistan after invasion, documents show. Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- McIntyre, Jamie (December 10, 2019). ‘Afghanistan papers’ make strong case for Trump’s gut over Pentagon dogma. Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Laughon, Joseph (December 11, 2019). The Afghanistan Papers Show The Swamp At Its Worst. Human Events. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- Hunter, Jack (December 11, 2019). Hawks who lied about the Afghanistan War attacked every presidential candidate who was right about it. Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Boland, Barbara (December 10, 2019). 5 Infuriating Takeaways From The ‘Afghanistan Papers’. The American Conservative. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Roberts, Katabella (December 23, 2019). Controversial Afghan Papers Reveal Trillion-Dollar Cost Of War Despite No Clear Objective. The Epoch Times. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- Babbin, Jed (December 28, 2019). The "Afghanistan Papers" and the delusions of nation-building. The Washington Times. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- ↑ Bob Woodward, "McChrystal: More Forces or 'Mission Failure Washington Post Sept 21, 2009
- ↑ CIA Confidential , Hunt for Bin Laden , National Geographic Channel. Channel.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved on May 19, 2011.
- ↑ Schroen, Gary (2005). First In: An insiders account of how the CIA spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan.
- ↑ Berntsen, Gary; Ralph Pezzulla (2005). Jawbreaker: The Attack on Bin Laden and Al Qaeda: A personal account by the CIA's field Commander. Crown. ISBN 978-0-307-23740-8.
- ↑ Woodward, Bob (2002) "Bush at War", Simon & Schuster, Inc.
- ↑ Washington Post Editorial, John Lehman former Secretary of the Navy, October 2008
- ↑ U.S. Department of State, Vince Crawley, October 25, 2006, "NATO's Jones Urges Focus on Afghan Reconstruction, Rule of Law" "On July 31, the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) took control of Afghanistan’s volatile southern provinces, part of a larger plan for NATO to provide security for the entire country. The handover was accompanied by an upsurge of violence against international forces."
- ↑ New York Times, CARLOTTA GALL, August 1, 2006, "U.S. Hands Southern Afghan Command to NATO"
- ↑ Barcott, Bruce. "Special Forces", The New York Times, May 17, 2009. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
- ↑ Sen. Biden: "U.N. Secretary Kofi Annan has issued an appeal for $584 million to meet the needs of the Afghan refugees and displaced people, within Afghanistan and in neighboring countries. This is the amount deemed necessary to stave off disaster for the winter, which will start in Afghanistan in just a few weeks. We must back up our rhetoric with action, with something big and bold and meaningful. We can offer to foot the entire bill for keeping the Afghan people safely fed, clothed, and sheltered this winter, and that should be the beginning....We can kick the effort off in a way that would silence our critics in the rest of the world: a check for $1 billion, and a promise for more to come as long as the rest of the world joins us. This initial amount would be more than enough to meet all the refugees’ short-term needs, and would be a credible downpayment for the long-term effort. Eventually the world community will have to pony up more billions, but there is no avoiding that now, not if we expect our words ever to carry any weight.
If anyone thinks this amount of money is too high, let me note one stark, simple and very sad statistic. The damage inflicted by the September 11 attack in economic terms alone was a minimum of several hundred billion dollars and a maximum of over $1 trillion. The cost in human life, of course, as the Presiding Officer knows, is far beyond any calculation. [https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CRECB-2001-pt13/pdf/CRECB-2001-pt13-issue-2001-10-03.pdf CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE 18425 SENATE—Wednesday, October 3, 2001, Pg. 18464]
- ↑ The Original Sin of the War in Afghanistan, By Jonah Blank, The Atlantic, APRIL 20, 2021.
- ↑ Sen. Biden: "I think the American public and the Islamic world is fully prepared for us to take as long as we need to take. If it is action that is a mano-a-mano. If it's us on the ground going against other forces on the ground. The part that I think flies in the face of, and plays into every stereotypical criticism of us, is where this high tech bully that thinks from the air we can do whatever you want to do. And it builds the case, for those who want to make the case against us, that all we're doing is indiscriminately bombing innocents. Which is not the truth. Some innocents are indiscriminately bombed. But that is not the truth. I think the American public is prepared for a long siege. I think the American public has prepared for American losses. I think the American public is prepared, and the president must continue to remind them to be prepared, for American body bags coming home. There is no way that you can, in fact, go after and root out al Qaeda and or Bin Ladin without folks on the ground, in caves, risking and losing their lives. And I believe that the tolerance for that in the Islamic world is significant, exponentially higher, than it is for us bombing. That's the generic point I wish to make. I am not qualified enough to tell you. Although I can tell you what the military guys have said to me. This is not 1948. This is 2001. I'm not at all sure they're correct." @59:43
- ↑ http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0201/13/se.01.html
- ↑ https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/investigations/afghanistan-papers/afghanistan-war-corruption-government/
- ↑ Matthew Rosenberg. "With Bags of Cash, C.I.A. Seeks Influence in Afghanistan", 28 April 2013.
- ↑ https://original.antiwar.com/mcgovern/2010/09/24/obama-knows-the-war-is-dumb-but-prefers-power-over-peace/
- ↑ Thom Shanker, "Military Chief Suggests Need to Enlarge U.S. Afghan Force," New York Times Sept. 16, 2009
- ↑ https://www.mcclatchydc.com/2011/05/24/114662/what-price-war.html#ixzz1Nz07pg5O
- ↑ Judy Dempsey and Ian Austen, "Many Allies of U.S. Share Pain of Afghan War’s Toll" New York Times Sept. 16 2009
- ↑ https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/watch-assange-described-decade-ago-how-endless-afghan-war-was-engineered-transnational
- ↑ https://archive.is/392KL
- ↑ https://archive.is/MypDt#selection-2021.162-2021.414
- ↑ https://archive.is/3mzSe#selection-5771.0-5793.63
- ↑ https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/mattis-slams-obama-for-giving-him-contradictory-objectives-in-afghanistan
- ↑ https://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/05/us-pakistan-usa-aid-idUSTRE7440OT20110505
- ↑ https://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/06/pakistan-must-act-against-network-that-shielded-bin-laden
- ↑ NBC investigation claims Obama knew where bin Laden was ONE YEAR before 2011 raid and backs Seymour Hersh's claim Pakistan intelligence hid al-Qaeda chief, Daily Mail
- ↑ http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41832.pdf
- ↑ Obama, B. (2011, May 2). "Osama Bin Laden Dead." White House.
- ↑ Nobel Prize Winner with a kill list.
- ↑ Baker, P., Cooper, H., & Mazzetti, M. (2011, May 1). "[Bin Laden is Dead, Obama Says]." The New York Times.
"Target Bin Laden: The Death of Public Enemy #1." ABC News.
NPR. "Special Series: Osama Bin Laden Killed."
- ↑ Associated Press (2011, May 10). "Former Pakistani President Claims There Was Never Bin Laden Deal With U.S.." Retrieved from Fox News.
- ↑ Dao, J. & Sussman, D. (2011, May 4). "For Obama, Big Rise in Poll Numbers After Bin Laden Raid." New York Times.
Pew Research Center (2011, May 2). "Public 'Relieved' by Bin Laden's Death, Obama's Job Approval Rises."
Jones, J.M. (2011, May 5). "Obama Job Approval Rallies Six Points to 52% After Bin Laden Death." Gallup.
- ↑ CBS News/Associated Press (2012, May 1). "1 Year After Osama bin Laden Killed, Still No Answers from Pakistan."
- ↑ The number of Islamic extremists susceptible to jihadist recruitment during the George W. Bush administration worldwide was estimated at 12,000; the Islamic State alone by 2015 had estimates of a standing army of jihadis as high as 70,000 to 200,000.
- ↑ Baker, Peter and Shear, Michael D. (April 27, 2012). "Obama trumpets killing of Bin Laden, and critics pounce". The New York Times website. See The New York Times.
- ↑ https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2019/03/bidens_betrayal_of_seals_should_doom_presidential_run.html
- ↑ https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2013/05/09/military-families-allege-muslim-cleric-damned-dead-navy-seals-at-ceremony/
- ↑ https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/jun/7/the-betrayal-of-the-navys-seal-team-6/
- ↑ http://joemiller.us/2013/05/seal-team-6-press-conference-obama-at-fault-muslim-cleric-prayed-at-funeral-damned-them-to-hell/
- ↑ http://joemiller.us/2013/05/navy-seal-team-vi-families-to-reveal-obama-admin-s-culpability-in-death-of-sons/
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S7h5PO3r-w
- ↑ Chesser, S.G. (2012, July 12). Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians - CRS Report for Congress. Pg. 3. Congressional Research Service'.
- ↑ 48.0 48.1 George Packer, Seth Jones, David Kilcullen, Rory Stewart, Andrew Exum, Col. Andrew Bacevich (Ret.). Obama's New Strategy (March '09) (English). PBS.
- ↑ Congressional Research Service, quoted in Gregory Anthony, What price war?
- ↑ DeYoung, K. (2011, July 4). CIA Halts Drone Launches From Pakistan Base. The Boston Globe.
- ↑ "Drone Strikes’ Dangers to Get Rare Moment in Public Eye", 5 February 2013.
- ↑ Washington Post
- ↑ https://www.lrb.co.uk/v38/n05/thomas-nagel/really-good-at-killing
- ↑ Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omitted"Kill-list 2.0: Obama’s ‘disposition matrix’ maps out extrajudicial murders for years to come", 24 October 2012.
- ↑ Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omittedVolkhonsky, Boris. "Barack Obama widens the practice of extrajudicial killings", Voice of Russia, 26 October 2012.
- ↑ Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omitted"United Nations to begin investigating US drone strike targeted kills", 26 October 2012.
- ↑ Drone strikes threaten 50 years of international law, says UN rapporteur, Owen Bowcott, The Guardian, 21 June 2012
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20131030231702/http://rt.com/usa/us-drone-emmerson-un-256/
- ↑ 59.0 59.1 Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omittedGreenwald, Glenn. "Obama moves to make the War on Terror permanent", 24 October 2012.
- ↑ Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omittedGiraldi, Philip. "Kill Lists Will Continue", Antiwar.com, 8 November 2012.
- ↑ The Protocols for Death, by Philip Giraldi, Antiwar.com, 06 December 2012
- ↑ https://www.nationalreview.com/corner/obama-future-must-not-belong-those-who-slander-prophet-islam-katrina-trinko/
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20170216061621/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/01/obama-secret-syria-order_n_1730712.html?tw_p=twt
- ↑ Reuters reported
under provisions of the presidential finding, the United States was collaborating with a secret command center operated by Turkey and its allies.
Last week, Reuters reported that, along with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Turkey had established a secret base near the Syrian border to help direct vital military and communications support to Assad’s opponents.
This “nerve center” is in Adana, a city in southern Turkey about 60 miles (100 km) from the Syrian border, which is also home to Incirlik, a U.S. air base where U.S. military and intelligence agencies maintain a substantial presence.
Turkey’s moderate Islamist government has been demanding Assad’s departure with growing vehemence. Turkish authorities are said by current and former U.S. government officials to be increasingly involved in providing Syrian rebels with training and possibly equipment.European government sources said wealthy families in Saudi Arabia and Qatar were providing significant financing to the rebels. Senior officials of the Saudi and Qatari governments have publicly called for Assad’s departure.
The Guardian reported,
these were not average members of the Free Syrian Army. Abu Khuder and his men fight for al-Qaida. They call themselves the ghuraba’a, or “strangers”, after a famous jihadi poem celebrating Osama bin Laden’s time with his followers in the Afghan mountains, and they are one of a number of jihadi organisations establishing a foothold in the east of the country now that the conflict in Syria has stretched well into its second bloody year.https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jul/30/al-qaida-rebels-battle-syria
They try to hide their presence. “Some people are worried about carrying the [black] flags” ...
...[they] are working closely with the military council that commands the Free Syrian Army brigades in the region. “We meet almost every day,” he said. “We have clear instructions from our [al-Qaida] leadership that if the FSA need our help we should give it. We help them with IEDs and car bombs. Our main talent is in the bombing operations” ...
“The FSA lacks the ability to plan and lacks military experience. That is what [al-Qaida] can bring. ...
“In the beginning there were very few. Now, mashallah, there are immigrants joining us and bringing their experience,” he told the gathered people. “Men from Yemen, Saudi, Iraq and Jordan...“[Al-Qaida’s] goal is establishing an Islamic state and not a Syrian state,” he replied. “Those who fear the organisation fear the implementation of Allah’s jurisdiction...
Amb. Christopher Stevens was put in charge of the covert operation. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/06/world/africa/weapons-sent-to-libyan-rebels-with-us-approval-fell-into-islamist-hands.html The aim was to arm jihadist groups which then transformed themselves into the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria with the goal of overthrowing Bashar al Assad. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/25/world/middleeast/arms-airlift-to-syrian-rebels-expands-with-cia-aid.html The New York Times reported David Petraeus had been instrumental in helping to get an aviation network moving to supply ISIS rebels and prodded various countries to work together on it. Three Royal Jordanian Air Force C-130s landed in Esenboga, in a hint at what would become a stepped-up Jordanian and Saudi role. “Within three weeks, two other Jordanian cargo planes began making a round-trip run between Amman, the capital of Jordan, and Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, where, officials from several countries said, the aircraft were picking up a large Saudi purchase of infantry arms from a Croatian-controlled stockpile." Two Jordanian Ilyushins bearing the logo of the Jordanian International Air Cargo firm but flying under Jordanian military call signs made a combined 36 round-trip flights between Amman and Croatia from December 2012 through February 2013. The same two planes made five flights between Amman and Turkey in January 2013. "As the Jordanian flights were under way, the Qatari flights continued and the Royal Saudi Air Force began a busy schedule, too — making at least 30 C-130 flights into Esenboga from mid-February 2013 to early March 2013, according to flight data provided by a regional air traffic control official.” American officials have confirmed that senior White House officials were regularly briefed on the shipments.” https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/25/world/middleeast/arms-airlift-to-syrian-rebels-expands-with-cia-aid.html Edward Snowden leaked details a program that trained approximately 10,000 rebel fighters at a cost of $1 billion a year. http://fair.org/home/down-the-memory-hole-nyt-erases-cias-efforts-to-overthrow-syrias-government/
- ↑ https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/head-of-pentagon-intelligence-agency-forced-out-officials-say/2014/04/30/ec15a366-d09d-11e3-9e25-188ebe1fa93b_story.html?utm_term=.45a637102303
- ↑ https://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/michael-flynn-isis-memoir/2016/07/10/id/737937/
- ↑ https://web.archive.org/web/20170216061621/https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/08/01/obama-secret-syria-order_n_1730712.html?tw_p=twt
- ↑ http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article41943.htm
- ↑ https://archive.org/stream/10ALQAEDATRAININGMANUELOperationCyclone1979179/U.S.%20MILITARY%20ARMS%p20SYRIAN%20REBELS,%20CREATING%20ISIS%20-%20Al%20Qaeda%20Iraq%20Syria%20ISIS%20-%20DOCUMENTS%20-7_djvu.txt
- ↑ http://nypost.com/2014/06/08/how-the-taliban-got-their-hands-on-modern-us-missiles/
- ↑ https://nypost.com/2014/06/02/six-soldiers-died-searching-for-deserter-pow-fueling-backlash/
- ↑ https://nypost.com/2021/08/16/taliban-leader-was-freed-from-guantanamo-in-2014-swap-by-obama/
- ↑ https://theconservativetreehouse.com/blog/2021/09/07/four-gitmo-detainees-released-in-berghdahl-swap-are-now-taliban-ministers-for-afghan-government-interim-government-will-be-officially-introduced-on-sept-11th/
- ↑ https://www.tellerreport.com/news/2021-09-11-from-the-cells-of-guantanamo-to-the-ruling----the-story-of-5-officials-in-the-taliban-government.H1rAUgatGY.html
- ↑ The Editorial Board. "Ignoring Sexual Abuse in Afghanistan", The New York Times, 2015-09-21. (en-US)
- ↑ Child Sexual Assault in Afghanistan:Implementation of the Leahy Laws and Reports of Assault by Afghan Security Forces (June 2017).
- ↑ Nordland, Rod. "Afghan Pedophiles Get Free Pass From U.S. Military, Report Says", January 23, 2018.
- ↑ No, Biden Can’t Blame Trump For The Afghanistan Withdrawal Disaster Margot Cleveland, The Federalist, Aug 16, 2021.
- ↑ Biden Lost the Afghan War, Bob Lonsberry, Aug 16, 2021
- ↑ Scott Walker (@ScottWalker) Tweeted: Thinking about the last time I left the U.S. Embassy in Kabul. It was dangerous then. I can only imagine what is happening now. Biden totally screwed this up. https://t.co/R4PSQnEvhM Aug 15, 2021
- ↑ Billions Spent on Afghan Army Ultimately Benefited Taliban Associated Press, US News, Aug 17, 2021. Built and trained at a two-decade cost of $83 billion, Afghan security forces collapsed so quickly and completely — in some cases without a shot fired — that the ultimate beneficiary of the American investment turns out to be the Taliban.
- ↑ https://freebeacon.com/national-security/bidens-afghanistan-predictions-were-all-wrong/
- ↑ https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/politics/biden-parallels-afghanistan-vietnam-wars
- ↑ https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2021/08/us-spent-83-billion-training-afghan-forces-why-did-they-collapse-so-quickly/184529/
- ↑ https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2021/08/taliban-captured-helicopters-can-they-capture-air-force/184525/
- ↑ https://nypost.com/2021/08/23/taliban-are-beating-afghans-for-wearing-western-clothes-report/
- ↑ https://rumble.com/vl8ixd-stunning-video-people-dead-on-kandahar-streets-after-violent-taliban-takeov.html
- ↑ Afghanistan: Advancing Taliban Execute Detainees, HRW, Aug 3, 2021
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- ↑ Taliban Takeover Reminds Afghans Of The Brutality Of Their Previous Regime, PBS, Aug 16, 2021
- ↑ https://www.cnn.com/2021/08/17/asia/afghanistan-women-taliban-intl-hnk-dst/index.html
- ↑ https://nypost.com/2021/08/17/taliban-kill-woman-not-wearing-burqa-after-vowing-to-honor-womens-rights/
- ↑ https://therightscoop.com/sheer-terror-in-kabul-taliban-now-going-door-to-door-looking-for-afghans-who-fought-alongside-us-military/
- ↑ https://americanmilitarynews.com/2021/07/graphic-video-shows-taliban-reportedly-executed-surrendering-afghan-special-forces-troops/
- ↑ https://www.opindia.com/2021/08/atrocities-on-civilians-increase-as-taliban-blitz-takes-over-afghanistan/amp/
- ↑ roi kais (@kaisos1987) Tweeted: The Qatari Al-Jazeera channel receives from Taliban exclusive access to the presidential palace in Kabul. No need to be surprised https://t.co/h53JupS8OP Aug 15, 2021
- ↑ Palestinians Dancing in the Street, David Mikkelson, Snopes.com, Sep 11, 2020. Did CNN fake footage of 'Palestinians dancing in the street' after the terrorist attack on the USA?
CNN did not air decade-old footage of Palestinians dancing in the streets. Eason Jordan, CNN’s Chief News Executive, confirmed that the video used on CNN was in fact shot on Tuesday, 11 September 2001, in East Jerusalem by a Reuters TV crew, not during the Persian Gulf conflict of 1990-91 — a fact proved by its inclusion of comments from a Palestinian praising Osama Bin Laden...
- ↑ Yes — Palestinians Did Celebrate After 9/11, Algemeiner, Feb 6, 2020
- ↑ "Hamas congratulates Taliban for ‘victory’ over America in Afghanistan." JNS, Aug 16, 2021. Officials of the terror group in Gaza said it proves that “the resistance of the peoples—foremost of which is our struggling Palestinian people—is destined for victory.
- ↑ What does Afghanistan’s fall to the Taliban mean for the Middle East?' Ynet, Aug 16, 2021.
Hamas already congratulated the Taliban on its victory. In recent days, members of the Hamas Politburo have met with those of the Taliban in Qatar. The Taliban congratulated Hamas on its “achievements” during the 11-days of fighting with Israel in May.
- ↑ Paliban Paleban, DP, Aug 17, 2021.
1. Mutually congratulatory:
'What does Afghanistan’s fall to the Taliban mean for the Middle East?' Ynet, Aug 16, 2021.  Hamas already congratulated the Taliban on its victory. In recent days, members of the Hamas Politburo have met with those of the Taliban in Qatar. The Taliban congratulated Hamas on its “achievements” during the 11-days of fighting with Israel in May.
2. Both wrap their jihadi bigoted butchery in "anti occupation" cloth:
'Hamas says Taliban takeover proves Palestinians 'will achieve victory, i24NEWS, August 16, 2021.  "We congratulate the Muslim Afghan people for the defeat of the American occupation on all Afghan lands"
Hamas on Monday congratulated the Taliban on the Islamist movement's takeover of Afghanistan, saying in a statement that "the demise of the American occupation and its allies proves that the resistance of the peoples, foremost of which is our struggling Palestinian people, will achieve victory."
3. Both love using human shields.
Orde Kittrie: "Help NATO by Holding Hamas Accountable for Terrorist War Crimes." May 19, 2021. 
'Taliban using human shields, says Afghan army general.' The Guardian, Feb 17, 2010.
'Civilians say Taliban use of human shields shows weakness, cruelty.' Dec. 12, 2018. 
- ↑ https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2021-08-24/students-from-cajon-valley-school-district-stranded-in-afghanistan?utm_id=36108&sfmc_id=4509190
- ↑ https://rumble.com/vlhyix-pentagon-was-unaware-of-airport-warning-from-state-dept.-and-embassy.html
- ↑ https://thefederalist.com/2021/08/23/the-only-way-back-to-deterrence-is-firing-bidens-entire-national-security-team/
- ↑ https://www.mediaite.com/news/fox-news-aishah-hasnie-relays-terrifying-accounts-from-friends-in-afghanistan-waiting-on-their-death-sentence-after-taliban-seized-us-biometric-system/
- ↑ https://www.politico.com/news/2021/08/26/us-officials-provided-taliban-with-names-of-americans-afghan-allies-to-evacuate-506957
- ↑ https://redstate.com/nick-arama/2021/08/26/unreal-biden-team-gave-the-taliban-a-list-of-americans-and-afghan-allies-n433135
- ↑ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9934115/STUART-RAMSAY-sends-vivid-angry-dispatch-Afghanistan.html
- ↑ https://www.the-sun.com/news/3479109/taliban-jalalabad-afghanistan-kabul-uk-troops-2-2/
- ↑ https://www.businessinsider.com/video-people-crushed-to-death-at-kabul-airport-thousands-flee-taliban-2021-8?op=1
- ↑ https://www.lbc.co.uk/radio/presenters/matt-frei/women-at-kabul-airport-crushed-fleeing-taliban/
- ↑ https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/15927269/afghanistan-kabul-airport-crush-taliban/
- ↑ https://nypost.com/2021/08/22/fatal-stampede-outside-kabul-airport-takes-place-as-people-attempt-to-flee/
- ↑ https://youtu.be/UiKEfOjm9bc
- ↑ https://twitter.com/AsvakaNews/status/1427172720446373892
- ↑ https://notthebee.com/article/shockingly-awful-video-shows-afghan-mans-body-dangling-from-wheel-well-of-c-17
- ↑ https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2021/0826/Islamic-State-says-it-was-behind-suicide-attacks-at-Kabul-airport
- ↑ https://therightscoop.com/breaking-c-130-comes-under-fire-as-it-leaves-kabul-airport-also-reports-of-explosion-outside-airport-gate/
- ↑ https://100percentfedup.com/breaking-baby-girl-died-right-in-my-hands-witness-of-afghan-explosion-tells-what-he-saw-after-suicide-bomb-at-the-airport/
- ↑ https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2021/09/how-equipment-left-afghanistan-will-expose-us-secrets/185264/
- ↑ https://theintercept.com/2021/08/16/afghanistan-war-defense-stocks/