Henry C. Dworshak

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Henry Clarence Dworshak, Jr.
Henry C. Dworshak.jpg
Former U.S. Senator from Idaho
From: October 14, 1949 – July 23, 1962
Predecessor Bert H. Miller
Successor Len Jordan
Former U.S. Senator from Idaho
From: November 6, 1946 – January 3, 1949
Predecessor Charles Gossett
Successor Bert H. Miller
Former U.S. Representative from Idaho's 2nd Congressional District
From: January 3, 1939 – November 6, 1946
Predecessor D. Worth Clark
Successor John Sanborn
Information
Party Republican
Military Service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Service Years 1918–1919
Rank Sergeant
Unit 4th Antiaircraft
Machine Gun Battalion
Battles/wars World War I

Henry Clarence Dworshak, Jr. (August 29, 1894 – July 23, 1962) was an editor, publisher,[1] and Republican from Idaho who served as the state's U.S. senator from the mid-1940s until his death in office at 1962. Part of the strongly conservative wing of the GOP,[2] he previously representing the second congressional district in the House of Representatives for several terms.

Political career

U.S. Senate

An ally of Joseph Raymond McCarthy, Dworshak was narrowly elected to the United States Senate in the 1950 special election over Democrat Claude J. Burtenshaw,[3] who attacked him as being insufficiently anti-Communist over his vote against the Marshall Plan in addition to opposing foreign aid for Greece and Turkey.[4] This was following an even more narrow defeat in a regular Senate race two years prior against Democrat Bert H. Miller.[5]

According to a ranking by FascinatingPolitics.com, Dworshak during the 81st Congress (January 1949 to January 1951) had an MC-Index of 85% based on votes for a broad range of issues, with 100 being the most conservative and 0 being the most liberal.[6] He voted in favor of cloture for Robert A. Taft's "voluntary FEPC"[7] proposal to help end racial discrimination in employment, though there were insufficient affirmative votes to end the Southern filibuster on the legislation.[8]

In late 1954, Dworshak and his Idaho senatorial colleague Herman Orville Welker were among twenty-two mostly conservative Republicans to oppose and vote against the censure of McCarthy.[4][9]

When the Senate took up the Civil Rights Act of 1957, Dworshak voted in favor of removing Title III which authorized the United States Attorney General to seek preventative relief in civil rights cases,[10] though strongly opposed and voted against[11] the jury trial amendment which further gutted the legislation into being effectively toothless, stating that the amendment:[12]

...practically scuttled any hope of getting an effective civil rights bill.

However, the amendment passed with majority support from Senate Democrats. Dworshak still voted for the final version of the 1957 bill,[13] which was signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. He did not cast a vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1960[14] three years later though supported the 24th Amendment in 1962 which outlawed the use of poll taxes in all federal-level elections.[15]

See also

References

  1. Dworshak, Henry C. (Henry Clarence), 1894-1962. Social Networks and Archival Context. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  2. July 24, 1962. HENRY DWORSHAK OF SENATE IS DEAD; Idaho Republican, 67, Was a Leader of Conservative Bloc. The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  3. ID US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 07, 1950. Our Campaigns. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 The McCarthy Era in Idaho. Boise State University. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  5. ID US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1948. Our Campaigns. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  6. FascinatingPolitics (January 6, 2019). Ideology and Civil Rights, 1950 Edition. Mad Politics: The Bizarre, Fascinating, and Unknown of American Political History. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  7. FascinatingPolitics (August 30, 2019). Robert Taft’s Conservative Proposal for Civil Rights. Mad Politics: The Bizarre, Fascinating, and Unknown of American Political History. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  8. S 1728. PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT BECAUSE OF RACE, COLOR, RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN. MOTION FOR CLOTURE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  9. S. RES. 301. PASSAGE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  10. HR. 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957. AMENDMENT TO DELETE AUTHORITY FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL TO SEEK PREVENTIVE RELIEF IN CIVIL RIGHTS CASES UNDER THE 14TH AMENDMENT.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  11. HR. 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957. AMENDMENT TO GUARANTEE JURY TRIALS IN ALL CASES OF CRIMINAL CONTEMPT AND PROVIDE UNIFORM METHODS FOR SELECTING FEDERAL COURT JURIES.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  12. August 3, 2021. The Strange Division On Civil Rights. The Lewiston Tribune. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  13. HR. 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  14. HR. 8601. PASSAGE OF AMENDED BILL.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  15. S.J. RES. 29. APPROVAL OF RESOLUTION BANNING THE POLL TAX AS PREREQUISITE FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 5, 2021.

External links

  • Profile at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Profile at Find a Grave