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Bozkath (bots-cath, Hebrew: בָּצְקַת)[1] is a town of Judea only known today from the two mentions in biblical accounts of the Book of Joshua and Book of II Kings. According to Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner, the name Bozkath derives from the Hebrew term 'elevation',[2] and more strictly, the term means 'rocky' or 'height'.


Although some archaeologists have proposed specific locations for Bozkath in the past,[3] it is no longer thought today that archaeologists can uncover a specific modern location with Bozkath,[4] as our accounts of its locations are too vague for any specific identification. All that can be said about its location is that was located in ancient Judea between the Judean cities of Lachish and Eglon (Joshua 15:39), somewhere in the Shephelah.


According to the Book of II Kings,[5] Bozkath was the region where Adaiah, the mother of king Josiah was from and born. Secondly, according to the Book of Joshua, it was one of the cities allotted in the region of the Shephelah when ancient Israel was being divided into four segments.


Joshua 15:39: Lachish, Bozkath, Eglon,

2 Kings 22:1: Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign; and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath.


  1. Strong's Hebrew Dictionary - 1218. Botsqath
  2. Koehler, Ludwig, et al. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Leiden: Brill, 2000. pg. 148
  3. Abel, Felix Marie. "Géographie de la Palestine, 2 vols." Paris: J. Gabalda 1938 (1933).
  4. Bible Dictionary, Bozkath
  5. 2Kings 22:1