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Elath (or Eloth, Elana as known by the Romans, ay-loth, Hebrew: אֵילוֹת)[1] is an ancient city located in the northern extremity of the eastern gulf of the Red Sea in Edom (southern-tip of modern Israel), located near Ezion-geber,[2] known mostly from being mentioned several times throughout the Bible, more specifically, the Old Testament.


Our main history on the city of Elath comes mainly from the Bible, as it is only mentioned a few times outside of biblical texts, and never comprehensively.

The first place we know of Elath is one of the stops of the Israelites as they wandered through the wilderness after leaving Egypt.[3] Elath was first a city of the Edomites until it was conquered by the Hebrew monarch, David, the second king of Israel. After he conquered the rest of the land of Edom, the Edomites became vassals to David and David begun to build garrisons throughout this land, in either the very late 11th century BC or early 10th century BC.[4] This is the first time that Edom appears in the historical record. Later, during the reign of David's son, Solomon, Solomon enters the vicinity of Ezion-geber and Elath, and begins to build boats there. Eventually, Elath with the rest of Edom revolts against the Hebrew kingdom, however Israel is able to recover Elath once again for a short time during the reign of the later king Uzziah in the 9th-8th centuries BC.

See also