|Thomas Henry Kuchel|
January 2, 1953 – January 3, 1969
|Preceded by||Richard Nixon|
|Succeeded by||Alan Cranston|
Senate Minority Whip
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1969
|Preceded by||Everett Dirksen|
|Succeeded by||Hugh Scott|
California State Controller
February 11, 1946 – January 2, 1953
|Preceded by||Harry B. Riley|
|Succeeded by||Robert C. Kirkwood|
California State Assemblyman
|Preceded by||Edward Craig|
|Succeeded by||Sam L. Collins|
|Born|| August 15, 1910|
Anaheim, Orange County, California
|Died|| November 21, 1994 (aged 84)|
Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California
|Spouse(s)||Betty Mellenthin Kuchel (married 1942–1994, his death)|
|Alma mater||University of Southern California (BA and LLB)|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Early life, education, and military service
Kuchel was born in Anaheim in Orange County, the home of Disneyland. His father, Henry, was a newspaper editor and the former Letitia Bailey. He received his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Southern California. In 1937, he was elected to the California Assembly, a post he filled for a single term until 1941. He served in World War II in the United States Navy Reserve.
He was the California state controller from 1946 until he entered the Senate in 1953. He became controller in 1946 under his mentor, liberal Governor Earl Warren, and resigned as controller when Warren appointed him to succeed Richard M. Nixon. Both Warren and Kuchel declined to support Nixon.
He succeeded Senator Nixon, who on January 20, 1953, became Vice President of the United States under Dwight Eisenhower. From 1959 to 1969, Kuchel was the Senate Minority Whip in which capacity he was a floor manager of the Civil Rights Act of 1960, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He also pushed for the ratification of the Twenty-Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which ended poll taxes in federal elections. He worked in 1967 to confirm his fellow liberal, the African-American Thurgood Marshall, a civil rights attorney, to the United States Supreme Court.
Despite mostly being liberal-leaning, Kuchel did not join the Moderate Republicans and Democrats who voted to censure Joseph McCarthy, a Wisconsin Republican who investigated and exposed communist infiltration of the United States government.
In the 1964 presidential election, Kuchel supported Nelson Rockefeller during the Republican primaries. Along with fellow Moderate Republican senator Jacob Javits of New York, Kuchel opposed Barry Goldwater while advocating for globalism, smearing conservatives as being "radical". He also attacked the John Birch Society.
Kuchel voted in favor of enacting Medicare. Along with fellow Moderate Republicans Jacob Javits and Clifford Case in 1966, he opposed the school prayer amendment introduced by Everett Dirksen in response to the Supreme Court decision Engel v. Vitale.
While running for reelection, Kuchel did not vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which established open housing. He sought a third full term but lost the Republican primary to the strongly conservative Maxwell Lewis "Max" Rafferty, Jr. (1917–1982), then the California superintendent of public instruction. Rafferty, however, was defeated by the staunchly liberal Democrat Alan Cranston, who like Kuchel was a former state controller.
- Hiram Johnson, former Republican U.S. senator from California
- The Rockefeller Republicans. Fascinating Politics. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- HR. 8601. PASSAGE OF AMENDED BILL..
- Thomas H. Kuchel: A Featured Biography. United States Senate. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- Thomas H. Kuchel Dies at 84; Ex-Republican Whip in Senate. The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- S.J. RES. 29. APPROVAL OF RESOLUTION BANNING THE POLL TAX AS PREREQUISITE FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS.. GovTrack.us.
- CONFIRMATION OF NOMINATION OF THURGOOD MARSHALL, THE FIRST NEGRO APPOINTED TO THE SUPREME COURT.. GovTrack.us.
- S. RES. 301. PASSAGE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- KUCREL DECLARES FOR ROCKEFELLER; Californian Pictures Party Gaining With Governor. The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- Kuchel Asserts ‘Radical Right’ Could Destroy Republican Party. The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- TO PASS S. J. RES 144, A RESOLUTION PROPOSING A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PERMITTING SCHOOL PRAYERS.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
- TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN SALE OR RENTAL OF HOUSING, AND TO PROHIBIT RACIALLY MOTIVATED INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON EXERCISING HIS CIVIL RIGHTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES..
- CA US Senate - R Primary. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- CA US Senate. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- Profile at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress