|Splitting personality into two|
|“[T]he ‘positive’ conception of freedom as self-mastery, with its suggestion of a man divided against himself, has in fact, and as a matter of history, of doctrine and of practice, lent itself more easily to this splitting of personality into two: the transcendent, dominant controller, and the empirical bundle of desires and passions to be disciplined and brought to heel. ... This demonstrates (if demonstration of so obvious a truth is needed) that conceptions of freedom directly derive from views of what constitutes a self, a person, a man. Enough manipulation of the definition of man, and freedom can be made to mean whatever the manipulator wishes.”
— Isaiah Berlin,
Atheism and personhood
See also: Atheism and personhood
In a naturalistic, atheistic worldview, the universe is merely the outcome of an accidental arrangement of atoms and eventually all the suns in the universe will eventually burn out (see: Atheism, agnosticism and pessimism). And unlike Bible believing Christians, there are atheists who actually assert the universe popped into existence from nothing (see: Atheism and the origin of the universe). For instance, the atheist Stephen Hawking asserted: "Because there is a law such as gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing".
Atheism and consciousness
Atheism and human worth
Atheism and the devaluing of human life
- Mark R. Levin. Rediscovering Americanism and the tyranny of progressivism. Treshold Edition, 152–3. ISBN 978-1-4767-7308-7.
- Great Ideas in Personality
- Hawking atheopathy by Jonathan Sarfati