John Sparkman

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John Jackson Sparkman​

Chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee​
In office
January 3, 1975​ – January 3, 1979​
Preceded by J. William Fulbright
Succeeded by Frank Church​

Chairman of the Senate Banking Committee​
In office
January 3, 1967​ – January 3, 1975​
Preceded by A. Willis Robertson​
Succeeded by William Proxmire

Chairman of the Senate Small
Business Committee​
In office
February 20, 1950​ – January 3, 1953​
Preceded by Edward Thye​
Succeeded by George Armistead Smathers​

In office
November 6, 1946​ – January 3, 1979​
Preceded by George R. Swift (interim for John H. Bankhead, II)​
Succeeded by Howell Heflin

House Majority Whip​
In office
January 1, 1946​ – November 6, 1946​
Leader John William McCormack​
Preceded by Robert Ramspeck​
Succeeded by Leslie C. "Les" Arends​

U.S. Representative for Alabama's 8th Congressional District​
In office
January 3, 1937​ – November 6, 1946​
Preceded by Archibald Hill Carmichael​
Succeeded by Robert E. Jones, Jr.

Born December 20, 1899​
Hartselle, Morgan County, Alabama​
Died November 16, 1985 (aged 85)
Huntsville, Alabama​
Resting place Maple Hill Cemetery in Huntsville​
Political party Democrat
Spouse(s) Ivo Hall Sparkman​ (1899–1999)
Alma mater University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa (B.A. and LLB) ​
Occupation Attorney

United States Army in World War I

Military Service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Unit Student Army Training Corps
Battles/wars World War I

John Jackson Sparkman (December 20, 1899 – November 16, 1985) was an American politician from his native Morgan County, Alabama, who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1937 to 1946 and then the United States Senate from 1946 to 1979. He was also the Democratic nominee for Vice President in the 1952 national election, paired opposite Senator Richard M. Nixon of California.​ His ticket-mate, Adlai Stevenson, lost the first of two consecutive races for President against Dwight Eisenhower. Therefore, Nixon, not Sparkman, began in 1953 an eight-year stint as vice president.

Sparkman voted against anti-lynching legislation as a representative in 1937.[1]

The paths of Sparkman and Nixon met again when Nixon was elected president in 1968 over Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace. In 1972, as Nixon won reelection, he declined to assist Sparkman's unsuccessful Republican challenger, Winton Blount, who had been Postmaster General in the first Nixon administration. Instead Nixon sought to curry favor with Sparkman in what turned out to have been be an abbreviated second term as president.

Sparkman established his law office in Huntsville after his graduation from the University of Alabama School of Law at Tuscaloosa. He won election to the House in 1936 and served during most of 1946 as the House Majority Whip under Majority Leader John William McCormack (1891–1980) of Massachusetts. He left the House that same year after he won a special election to succeed Senator John H. Bankhead, II. He is remembered his sponsorship of the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville and as the chairman of both the Senate Banking and Foreign Relations committees.​

See also


  1. TO PASS H. R. 1507, AN ANTI-LYNCHING BILL.. Retrieved April 17, 2021.

External links