Public schools in the United States
- See also: Public school culture
Public schools in the United States are government-sponsored institutions intended to indoctrinate children up through 12th grade. The failures of underperforming public schools are a paradigm of socialism, along with landfills and the Canadian health care system. Public schools are generally split into:
- "Grade School" (sometimes called "Elementary School"), usually housing children from pre-kindergarten through 5th (or 6th) grade,
- "Middle School" (sometimes called "Junior High School"), usually housing children from 6th (or 7th) grade through 8th grade, and
- "High School", usually housing children from 9th through 12th grade (the collegiate terms "freshmen", "sophomores", "juniors", and "seniors", representing grades 9, 10, 11, and 12, respectively, are sometimes used as synonyms).
There are also some "Technical Schools" for training in specific skills or careers (the term "magnet school" is common, and is usually oriented toward a specific career requiring a college education).
Schools are arranged into school districts, which generally are independent of city/town, borough/township/county, or other jurisdictions, though they may share common geographical boundaries (such as a city or county). In some areas, a large city may (due to growth into neighboring areas) be served by several districts (this is the case in Texas, where districts are (with one exception) totally independent of cities; most of the major cities are served by many districts, with the district carrying the city's name being the poorest performing and least-desirable for parents).
Public schools have become predominantly liberal and atheistic government institutions that employ 3 million people and spend more than $410 billion annually at a cost of more than $10,000 per student. Liberals censor classroom prayer, the Ten Commandments, sharing of faith in classrooms during school hours, and teaching Bible-based morality. Mandatory homosexual indoctrination is common as early as elementary school in more liberal states.
The following are characteristics of US public schools:
- 30% of public school students fail to graduate from high school, and more 40% of minorities fail to graduate; the real drop-out rate may be 50%.
- Nearly 70% of students leave high school unqualified to attend four-year college, and many are unable to hold a steady job.
- A 2007 study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse found that 77% of students between eighth and 12th grade had used illicit drugs. Fatal overdoses are common but underreported. Public schools are required to present "drug education" to students.
- More than 60% of public school teenagers (in one regional study) watch more than 3 hours of television a day, compared with a national average of 35%
- About half of the viable pregnancies among girls attending public school end in abortions and about half end in birth. Public schools "educate" kids about sex.
- "About 160,000 students miss school daily because they fear being bullied," and students viciously fight each other and post videos of it on YouTube.com.
- 20% of students had been dangerously "binge drinking" in the previous 30 days, and 50% of seniors regularly drink illegally, according to a 2007 study of Ottawa County, Michigan.
- 10-20% of students become addicted to cigarettes
- More than 10% of public high schools have a homosexual student club.
- The majority of public school students are completely ignorant about the Bible, even as history and literature
- 35% of students are overweight.
- Health screening of public schools in Memphis, Tennessee, found that nearly 10% of students have mental health problems.
- California public schools, largest in the nation, now rank at the bottom in academic achievement.
- Public schools are among the main locations where socialism is promoted.
- 1 History
- 2 Improvement of early childhood education
- 3 Views on morals
- 4 Censorship
- 5 Gender disparity
- 6 Suppression and intolerance of alternative views
- 7 Educational outcomes
- 8 4-day week
- 9 Notable graduates
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1647, Massachusetts Puritans enacted the second law, after Scotland in 1616, establishing universal public schools in the English-speaking world to block the attempts by "ould deluder Satan to keepe men from the whole knowledge of the Scriptures". Each settlement larger than 50 families was required to pay a schoolmaster to teach reading, writing and religious doctrine to the children in the community. Beginning in 1670, Massachusetts provided tax funding for school maintenance. This model was then copied throughout the colonies, and even throughout the world.
According to Noah Webster, "the books used were chiefly or whole Dilworth's Spelling Books, the Psalter, Testament and Bible". Other sources such as the U.S. Office of Education note the following books used: The ABC, the Horn Book, the New England Primer, the Bible, Catechisms, and the Psalters.
Importation of the Prussian model
|“||Horace Mann and the disciples of Pestalozzi did their peculiar missionary work so completely as intellectually to crowd the conservative to the wall. For half a century after their time the ethical emotion, the bulk of exhortation, the current formulae and catchwords, the distinctive principles of theory have been found on the side of progress, of what is known as reform. The supremacy of self-activity, the symmetrical development of all the powers, the priority of character to information, the necessity of putting the real before the symbol, the concrete before the abstract, the necessity of following the order of nature and not the order of human convention - all these ideas, at the outset so revolutionary, have filtered into the pedagogic consciousness and become the commonplace of pedagogic writing and of the gatherings where teachers meet for inspiration and admonition.||”|
According to historian Ellwood Cubberly:
|“||He(Horace Mann) will always be regarded as perhaps the greatest of the "founders" of our American system of free public schools. No one did more than he to establish in the minds of the American people the conception that education should be universal, non-sectarian, and free, and that its aim should be social efficiency, civic virtue, and character, rather than mere learning or the advancement of sectarian ends.||”|
John Dewey regarded Horace Mann as the "patron saint of progressive education."
Many children did not attend public school for the first two centuries. It was not until 1852 that Massachusetts became the first state to require attendance by students aged 6 through 16, and it was not until 1918 that all states had compulsory attendance laws. High schools did not generally exist until after the Civil War, and the first American kindergarten didn't exist until 1856 in Watertown, Wisconsin.
Improvement of early childhood education
Many public schools have launched pre-kindergarten programs for 3 and 4-year-old children. Some states have shifted from half-day kindergartens to programs that match the school day schedule of the other grades. Currently, 14 states and the District of Columbia require full-day kindergarten.
Research has demonstrated the importance of testing third graders for reading ability. Seventeen states and the District of Columbia require non-proficient readers to repeat third grade if they fail a reading test.
Historically, early childhood education focused on reading and writing. However, the research shows that young children's minds are receptive to math and logic. So public schools are adding Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM Education) to the lower grades.
Views on morals
So-called "character education"
In response to the perception that public schools have stopped teaching morality, many state education departments have or are in the process of developing "morality" that avoid good and evil, right and wrong, and instead present under the heading of "character" education. The lack of appreciation for right and wrong can surprise outsiders, and even school principals. When one public school student was charged with felony computer crime for altering the grades of 20 students, the principal said, we "want to teach them what's right and wrong, and it's tough for some kids to catch on to the idea that changing grades is the wrong thing to do." The impact of the removal of morality from the public school curriculum (which is also used in private schools) is that "more than one in three boys (35 percent) and one-fourth of the girls (26 percent) — a total of 30 percent overall — admitted stealing from a store within the past year." Liberal politicians are the most frequent opponents of initiatives designed to build moral fiber in the public school system, with organizations like the ACLU and teacher's unions devoting a significant amount of their resources towards this end. In 2010, a school board in North Dakota decided to change the name of their mascot from the "Satans." Liberals unrolled a large-scale media campaign that blanketed the district with pro-Satan propaganda in an attempt to keep the name, but they were unsuccessful.
- See also: Classroom prayer
The White House announced the release of Revised Religious Guidelines for America's Public Schools on May 29, 1998. Within this announcement, President Clinton stated, "Nothing in the First Amendment converts our public schools into religion-free zones, or requires all religious expression to be left behind at the school house door."—President Clinton, July 12, 1998
In 2003, the Education Department released the following guidelines that clarified and added requirements to Public Schools to ensure the religious rights of students.
Schools that don’t allow students to pray outside the classroom or that prohibit teachers from holding religious meetings among themselves could lose federal money, the Education Department said late last week.
The guidance reflects the Bush administration’s push to ensure that schools give teachers and students as much freedom to pray as the courts have allowed.
The department makes clear that teachers cannot pray with students or attempt to shape their religious views. The instructions, released by the department on Feb. 7, broadly follow the same direction given by the Clinton administration and the courts. Prayer is generally allowed provided it happens outside the class and is initiated by students, not by school officials.
The department, however, also offered some significant additions, including more details on such contentious matters as moments of silence and prayer in student assemblies. And for the first time, federal funds are tied to compliance with the guidelines. The burden is on schools to prove compliance through a yearly report.
Teaching the Bible in public schools
The National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools (NCBCPS) provides a program for teaching the Bible in public schools. Currently, the NCBCPS's Bible curriculum has been voted into 462 school districts (over 1,900 high schools) in 38 states. Over 210,000 students have already taken this course nationwide, on the high school campus, during school hours, for credit.
However, many public schools suffer from a liberal bias, resulting in policies opposed the Bible and Christianity, while topics favored by leftists, such as other religions or the homosexual agenda, are promoted.
Teaching of Islam in the public schools
Public school textbooks have been found to be portraying Islam in a positive light. Some world history textbooks in Florida claim Muslims profess to worship the same God as Christians and Jews, women historically had more rights in the Islamic world than the Christian world, and Jihad is not a violent movement, among other falsehoods. These lies have caused patriots some areas of the state to complain to local school boards, but not much has been done by the boards to actually remove the Islamic propaganda.
In California seventh grade social studies classes, students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Islam in the Middle Ages. Hence, Islam is one of eleven units taught in the class. In addition, a San Diego school district worked with CAIR to add "anti-Islamophobia" classes.
Public schools enforce liberal ideology through aggressive censorship of right-wing and conservative students, including for speech or conduct occurring off school grounds. Conservatives, as well as some libertarian organizations, have challenged instances of school censorship under well-established legal precedent protecting free speech against all state actors, including public schools.
Public schools as of late have seen girls' scores soar above boys' because schools have been geared toward the needs of girls and schools seek to emasculate boys by preventing healthy roughhousing and having psychiatrists prescribe boys drugs such as Ritalin. Then boys often come to hate school because radical feminists seek to prevent men from being men and forcing males to go through counseling to "discuss their feelings" and other liberal values treating all students as if they were female. Colleges, because of this trend, see a trend of 60/40 female to male ratio because of feminist drivel such as romance novels in literature and ineffective therapy and attempts to push feminine traits on boys and young men making them frustrated and fed up with the system unless they agree to the school's desire to become effeminate.
Schools commonly suspend students for defending themselves from violent bullying, even though that is illegal under the laws of all 50 states which protect the right to self-defense.
Liberal ideology has also eliminated most male role models in public schools, such that less than a quarter of the teachers are men now.
In areas on such standardized tests as ACT and SAT, girls have typically scored higher in areas such as mathematics and science. Colleges have become majority female, and the feminization of men is strong on college campuses with events that openly advocate female superiority. Females are also intent on emasculating males by forcing them to see "chick flicks" and concerts of female singers which also promote feminist nonsense, strongly continuing a trend that begins in high school which results in a large number of males taking up historically female programs such as psychology and nursing; this begins in school where teachers and administrators teach boys and girls to be girls and not only condone but encourage such emasculation which only continues throughout the boys' lives as learned behaviors are strongest during the crucial formative years these boys are in school.
Most U.S. public schools receive federal funding. Those that do are subject to Title IX which among other things requires equal access to extra curricular activities and sports.
Suppression and intolerance of alternative views
Several courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, which frequently engage in judicial activism, have ruled that teaching creationism and intelligent design in public schools is unconstitutional because they claim that such teachings would amount to a government establishment of religion, which is prohibited by the First Amendment. Hypocritically, nothing has been done to remove the religions of Secular Humanism and Islam from the schools.
Since the rapid expansion and liberalization of public schools after World War II, students' literacy levels have dropped significantly. While the average 14-year-old had a vocabulary of 25,000 words in 1945, the equivalent student in 2000 had a vocabulary of only 10,000 words, a severe disadvantage in an increasingly textual world.
Liberal bias in textbooks
- See also: Textbook bias
Textbooks (K-12) have been systematically analyzed in a study funded by the U.S. government. The 1986 findings were that massive, systematic liberal bias exists, resulting in several information blackouts in four key areas of modern American life—marriage, religion, politics, and business. While an actual conspiracy was then ruled out, the cause was found to be a "a very widespread secular and liberal mindset" pervading "the leadership in the world of education [and textbook publishing]".
Professor Larry Schwikart, of the University of Dayton, wrote a book about biased textbooks. False claims common in those texts included that the Founding Fathers wanted a "wall of separation" between church and state, that "Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation only because he needed black soldiers", and that "Mikhail Gorbachev, not Ronald Reagan, was responsible for ending the Cold War".
Evidence for bias in school textbooks includes promotion of Homosexual agenda, support of liberal viewpoint, as well as support of the unproven theory of evolution. Most Biology textbooks do not provide the Creationist viewpoint a chance, or even a second thought.
Non-Dismissal of tenured teachers
Due to the strength of the nation's teachers' union, it is nearly impossible to fire a bad performing teacher with tenure. The process can take years and involves countless steps to even attempt. The union claims that the protections are needed against arbitrary and malicious lawsuits.
The New York public schools system has approximately 700 teachers accused of insubordination to sexual misconduct. They remain in seclusion from the classroom but are paid full salaries until their cases are heard, sometimes from months to years later. All because their union contract makes it extremely difficult to fire them.
In order to save on transportation costs and reduce time spent on travel, many states have been experimenting with holding school on four days a week leaving the fifth day for medical appointments and athletic events. In such programs, the school day is lengthened to provide the same number of hours per week of instruction. The option is more frequently used in large rural school districts. These states include: Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming and Washington. In states which have legislation permitting a 4-day school week, each school district decides whether to implement it. Arkansas, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Virginia and Washington have no schools using the option.
Given that public schools educate about 90% of Americans, it is astounding how few prominent Americans attended public school after the banning of school-sponsored prayer in 1962. Here is an impressive list of people who attended public schools before the banning of school-sponsored prayer.
- Ronald Reagan graduated from Dixon High School, Illinois
- Dwight D. Eisenhower attended Abilene High School in Abilene, Kansas
- Richard M. Nixon attended Fullerton and Whittier High Schools, California
- Gerald Ford attended Grand Rapids South High School, Michigan
- Lyndon B. Johnson attended Johnson City High School, Texas
- Harry S Truman attended Independence High School, Missouri
- H. Ross Perot attended public schools and Texarkana Junior College, Texas
- Richard Cheney graduated from Natrona County High School in Casper, Wyoming.
- Colin Powell graduated from Morris High School, NY in 1954 and received his B.A. in geology from the City College of New York in 1958 
- Billy Graham graduated from Sharon High School, NC in May 1936
- Michael Medved graduated from Palisades High School, CA 
- The Wright Brothers attended public schools in Richmond, India and Dayton OH but did not graduate 
- Roy Jay Glauber, Nobel laureate, graduated from Bronx High School of Science, Bronx, NY in 1941.
- Frederick Reines, Nobel laureate, attended Union Hill High School, NJ, during the late 1930s.
- Oliver North, US Army Officer, political commentator, graduated from Ockawamick High School in 1961.
Here is a mostly unimpressive list of people who attended public school after school-sponsored prayer was banned in 1962:
- Brad Pitt, actor, graduated from Kickapoo High School in Springfield, Missouri, 1981; dropped out of college.
- Tom Cruise, actor, attended several public high schools including Glen Ridge High School, New Jersey during the 1970s.
- John Sununu, former one-term Senator from New Hampshire, graduated from Salem High School in the 1970s; claiming to be pro-life, Sununu arranged for the nomination of David Souter to the U.S. Supreme Court, where he then repeatedly voted on the side of abortion
- John Edwards, indicted in 2011 on allegations arising from his affair with a mistress, was a former one-term Senator from North Carolina and two-time unsuccessful candidate for nomination for president, attended public school in Robbins, N.C. during the 1960s.
- Spike Lee, producer, actor, graduated from John Dewey High School, Brooklyn, NY.
- Laura Bush attended James Bowie Elementary School, San Jacinto Junior High School, and Midland Lee High School in Midland, Texas (Graduated 1964); came out in support of gay marriage and abortion in 2010.
- William J. Clinton graduated from Hot Springs High School in Arkansas in 1964, and became the only president impeached in the 20th century.
- Anthony Weiner, a congressman who resigned in disgrace in 2011 after first denying but then confirming an indecent use of Twitter, and later dropped out of the race for New York City Mayor following a second sex scandal, graduated from a public high school in Brooklyn.
- Steve Jobs, founder of Apple Inc., graduated from Homestead High School in Cupertino, CA in 1972; his colleague, Steve Wozniak, graduated from the same high school in 1968.
- Eminem, a liberal rapper, repeatedly failed 9th grade in public school and ultimately dropped out.
- Alan Colmes, a liberal news commentator, attended public school in New York City.
- Sarah Palin, vice presidential candidate on the Republican Party ticket in 2008 and favorite of some Tea Party groups, went to Wasilla High School and graduated in 1982 and then attended 5 different colleges before becoming more conservative later in life.
- Rick Perry, Texas governor, infringed on parental rights by requiring young girls to receive an HPV vaccine.
- Kenneth D. Cockrell, Texas Graduated from Rockdale High School, Rockdale, Texas, in 1968. A veteran of five spaceflights, Cockrell has logged more than 1,560 hours in space.
- Russell Alan Hulse, New York Graduated from Bronx High School of Science, Bronx, New York, in 1966. Winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physics.
- Richard Axel, New York Graduated from Stuyvesant High School, New York, New York, in 1963. Winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- Hugh David Politzer, New York Graduated from Bronx High School of Science, Bronx, New York, in 1966. Winner of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics.
- Christine O'Donnell graduated from Moorestown High School in 1987.
- Scott Walker graduated from Delavan-Darien High School in 1986.
- Paul Ryan, an establishment Republican, graduated from Joseph A. Craig High School, Janesville, WI in 1988.
- Sharron Angle (born 1949) graduated from Wooster High School in Reno, Nevada.
- Jon Huntsman, Republican Presidential candidate and former Governor of Utah, attended Highland High School in Salt Lake City, Utah before he dropped out in 1978 to pursue a career as a rock and roll keyboardist.
- Michelle Bachmann, Republican member of the House of Representatives graduated from Anoka High School, Anoka, Minnesota in 1974.
- Mike Huckabee, former Republican Governor of Arkansas, graduated from Hope High School, Hope Arkansas, in 1974.
- Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel, Graduated from Cheltenham High School, Wyncote, Pennsylvania, in 1967.
- Rand Paul, Republican Senator, Graduated from Brazoswood High School, Clute, Texas in 1981.
- Public school culture
- School Choice
- Atheism and public schools
- Parental rights (focusing on the rights of parents to control the education, upbringing and discipline of their children)
- Education in the United Kingdom
- Essay:Worst Liberal Falsehoods in School
- Slade, Stephanie (February 2023). The KKK's Push for Compulsory Schooling and a Federal Education Department. Reason. Retrieved May 19, 2023.
- "One Hundred Percent American," p. 209.
- 1924. Home, School, and Community: Volumes 16-18, p. 31. Google Books. Retrieved May 19, 2023.
- Exodus from "public schools" gets a helping hand, Exodus Mandate, Sept 15, 1998
- For example, "in 2005, officials at East Brunswick High School adopted a policy prohibiting representatives of the school district from participating in student-initiated prayer." 
- From 2004 to 2006, a public school banned Bible study by children ... during recess. A teacher complained about the use of the Bible and the principal then censored the study activity, according to a sworn statement by a teacher told to stop it. Principal "Summa, having learned of a complaint by a teacher and of the students' Bible study, told fourth-grade teacher Virginia Larue to nix the group's recess meeting. ... Larue later told one of Luke's Bible study colleagues the group could no longer meet at recess."
- Atheists routinely impose their views on public schools, though liberals deny it. For example, a court prohibited a moment of silence in Illinois "Township High School District 214 after atheist activist Rob Sherman challenged" it.
- Firsthand account of Deep State in Public Schools. The New American. December 22, 2019. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
- See, e.g., Stone v. Graham (1980) (excluding Ten Commandments from public school).
- A public school banned Bible study by children ... during recess. A teacher complained about the use of the Bible and the principal then censored the study activity, according to a sworn statement by a teacher told to stop it. 
- "Only 70% of all students in public high schools graduate, and one study found that only 32% of all students in the high school class of 2001 left high school qualified to attend four-year colleges."
- "Only 71 percent of kids graduate from high school within four years, and for minorities, the numbers are even worse -- 58 percent for Hispanics and 55 percent for African Americans," [Bill Gates] wrote. "If the decline in childhood deaths [in developing countries] is one of the most positive statistics ever, these are some of the most negative."
- According to Monitoring the Future, a study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, illicit drug use is up among students between eighth and 12th grade. In 1991, 62 percent had used illicit drugs. In 2007, the number jumped to 77 percent. 
- Fatal overdoses are common, although often underreported.Reporting of a heroin overdose by 16-year-old public school student was an exception to the underreporting.
- http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2008/dec/01/memphis-youth-make-progress-on-risky-behavior/ (study of Memphis students)
- "There is zero shame [to teenage pregnancy]," the school nurse observed.
- One victim is now "being homeschooled at state expense."
- The Grand Rapids Press The Grand Rapids Press: Ottawa County confronts teen drinking, By Greg Chandler, December 04, 2008 
- Cunningham, Andrew (March 11, 2019). How did socialism become okay in America? Through the schools. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- The Social, Economic & Political Reasons for the Decline of Gaelic in Scotland 
- Family Encyclopedia of American History (Reader's Digest 1975)
- (1999) An American Bible: A History of the Good Book in the United States, 1777-1880, 118.
- (1921) Statistics of Land-grant Colleges and Universities, Volume 1, Issues 1-26, 18–19.
- (2015) Encyclopedia of Christian Education, Volume 3. Rowman & Littlefield, 874.
- The New-England Primer, Encyclopedia Britannica
- (1901) Journal of Proceedings and Addresses.
- (1986) The Individual, Society, and Education: A History of American Educational Ideas. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0252013096. “"In 1843, it was these Pestalozzian practices which so impressed Horace Mann on his visit to the Prussian Schools.”
- (1919) Public Education in the United States: A Study and Interpretation of American Educational History; an Introductory Textbook Dealing with the Larger Problems of Present-day Education in the Light of Their Historical Development.
- (1987) The Later Works, 1925-1953: 1935-1937. SIU Press.
- (2007) Battleground : Schools. Greenwood Publishing Group. “""Mann was eventually successful, and in 1852 Massachusetts passed the first compulsory education laws in North America."”
- "Strengthening the Kindergarten-Third Grade Continuum", December 21, 2016. Retrieved on June 17, 2017.
- Islam Studies in California Schools (April 5, 2015). Retrieved on July 30,3027.
- Nazarian, Adelle (February 2, 2015). Is Islamic Indoctrination Being Taught in LA Public Schools? Breitbart News. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Moons, Michelle (April 23, 2017). San Diego School District Pushes CAIR-Assisted ‘Anti-Islamophobia’ Plan. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- HS students' suspension over gun range photo ignites uproar, potential lawsuit (April 5, 2015). Retrieved on July 30,3027.
- See Kitzmiller, 400 F.Supp.2d at 765
- Utne Reader (July–August 2000), 28-9.
- Censorship: Evidence of Bias in Our Children's textbooks, Paul C. Vitz, Servant Books, 1986, ISBN 0-89283-305-X
- 700 NYC Teachers Paid to Do Nothing AP, June 22, 2009
- "Four-Day School Weeks". Retrieved on June 17, 2017.
- "Delaware politics: From middle-class New Jersey, moral activist Christine O'Donnell knew 'God was calling'", Delaware Online
- Ames, Ann Marie, "Rock County Close to Home for Walker", Walworth County Today, Sept. 7, 2010
- "Sharron Angle, Biography"
- Dumb As A Rock: You Will Be Absolutely Amazed At The Things That U.S. High School Students Do Not Know
- 8 Bizarre Teacher Scandals You Won't Believe
- Education’s Future: Globalization of Indoctrination, by Alex Newman of The New American, February 6, 2019.
- Benefits of Homeschooling, by Israel Wayne of The New American, February 7, 2019.
- The Case for Christian Education, by Israel Wayne of The New American, February 7, 2019.
- Get Them Out!, by Dr. Duke Pesta & Alex Newman of The New American, February 8, 2019.
- Chapter Twelve: Sabotaging Education (Part I), The Epoch Times (from How the Specter of Communism Is Ruling Our World).
- Chapter Twelve: Sabotaging Education (Part II), The Epoch Times (from How the Specter of Communism Is Ruling Our World).
- Public schools in America are imploding…and it’s getting worse, by E. Jeffrey Ludwig, LifeSiteNews.