Arab-Israeli conflict

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The Arab-Israeli conflict (Arabic "الصراع العربي الإسرائيلي", Hebrew "הסכסוך הישראלי ערבי") is a term used to refer to the recurring conflict between the citizens of Israel and the Arab states of the Middle East (notably Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon). Many wars have been fought between the State of Israel and other Arab nations in the region. Today, Egypt and Jordan recognize Israel while the other Arab states do not.

Though, the first Arab attack on a Jewish settlement was in 1886 in Petach Tikva, that was a case of Arab intruders and the Jews gained the respect by defending themselves.[1]

The all out campaign dates back to the 1914, when the Ottomans banned the Falastin[2] newspaper for inciting racist hatred. Then the newspaper was reinstated in April 1921. It caused great anxiety.[3]

Two other incidents in April added to Yishuv anxiety. In Jaffa, citrus-owner. Samuel Tolkowsky complained that Government permission for the reappearance of Falastin, which had been closed down by the Turks for incitement to race-hatred in April 1914, could only be a source of discouragement to 'moderate' Arabs and an official invitation to 'extremists'.
It was about a year after Haj Amin al-Husseini began his incitement to 1920-21 riots and the two worked then in concert.

Overview:[4]

In the beginning (1918), Arab leaders led by the Emir Feisal (later King of Syria) supported Zionist aspirations. But Arab extremists soon replaced the moderates and cooperation gave way to terror. In 1920 and 1921 Arab mobs killed 52 Jews. In 1929, in the ancient Jewish religious centers of Hebron and Safed, 133 Jews were murdered. Between 1936 and 1939 Arab bands killed 517 Jewish settlers. Arab terrorists led by the Mufti of Jerusalem did not hesitate to use the same tactics against their fellow Arabs.

The New York Times reported on October 15 , 1938 that “extremist followers of the Mufti . . . are rapidly achieving their aims by eliminating political opponents in Palestine who are inclined toward moderation.

The Mufti's led mass assassinations of moderates numbered over 3,000 by 1939, and nearly 18,000 were fugitives in Egypt and in Lebanon from his terror.[5] [6] According to some estimates, he had between 7,000 and 8,000 murdered.[7] al-Husseini sold himself for arms and financial support to Moscow, to Rome. He was fascist in nature and feudal in his social composition. The leader never actually cared about the broad strata of the people not being represented in the leadership and became the franchise of the rich and aggressive.[7]

See also

List of Conflicts

Further reading

  • Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Political, Social, and Military History (4 vol. 2008)

Myths and Facts: A Guide to the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Mitchell G. Bard

Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict by Benny Morris

The Fight for Jerusalem by Dore Gold

The Case for Israel by Alan M. Dershowitz

Info sites

Myths & Facts: A Guide to the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Fact and Fantasy in the Holy Land

Arab-Israeli conflict - Basic facts

The Smoking Gun: Arab Immigration into Palestine, 1922-1931

History, maps & facts

Israel Size Comparison Maps m]

IHC Historical Facts

Historical Accounts prior to conflict

The vast majority of travelogues and historical accounts of the Middle east describe this area as barren- that does not mean UN -populated- it does mean UNDER populated. Alexander Keith, recalling Volney's 1785 description (quoted above) fifty years later, commented: "In his day [Volney's] the land had not fully reached its last degree of desolation and depopulation." (The Land of Israel).

Other travelers and pilgrims recorded similar reports of the dreary state of the Land around the middle of the nineteenth century. Here are just a few examples:

Alphonse de Lamartine, in 1835: "...a complete eternal silence reigns in the town, on the highways, in the country ... the tomb of a whole people" (Recollections of the East, Vol. I, p. 308).

A contemporary German encyclopedia (Brockhaus, "Allegmeine deutsche Real- Encyklopaidie", Vol. VIII, p. 206, Leipzig, 1827) calls Palestine "desolate and roamed through by Arab robber-bands."

In 1849, the American W. F. Lynch described the desertion of Palestinian villages "caused by the frequent forays of the wandering Bedouin" (Narrative of the United States Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea, p. 489).

And again H. B. Tristram, in 1865: "... both in the north and south (of the Sharon plain), land is going out of cultivvation, and whole villages ar rapidly disappearing from the face of the earth. Since the year 1838, no less than 20 villages have been thus erased from the map (by the Bedouin) and the stationary population extirpated" (p. 490).

Mark Twain, 'Innocents Abroad' 1867:

""Desolate country whose soil is rich enough but is given over wholly to weeds - a silent mournful expanse ... We reached Tabor safely ... We never saw a human being on the whole route" (p. 451, 480); "There is not a solitary village throughout its (the Jezreel Valley's) whole extent - not for thirty miles in either direction. There are two or three small clusters of Bedouin tents but not a single permanent habitation. One may ride ten miles, hereabouts, and not see ten human beings" (p. 448); "Of all the lands there are for dismal scenery, I think Palestine must be the prince. The hills are barren ... the valleys are unsightly deserts... It is a hopeless, dreary, heartbroken land... Palestine is desolate and unlovely... Palestine is no more of this workday world. It is sacred to poetry and tradition - it is dreamland" (pp. 564, 567).

Referring to the same era, the Christian historian James Parkes writes in Whose Land?: "Peasant and Bedouin alike have contributed to the ruin of the countryside on which both depend for a livelihood... In spite of the immense fertility of the soil, it is probable that in the first half of the nineteenth century the population sank to the lowest level it had ever known in historic times."

In 1738, the land was described by the English archaeologist Thomas Shaw as "lacking in people to till its fertile soil" (Travels and Observations Relating to Several Parts of Barbary and the Levant). The French historian Conte Constantine Francois Volney writes:

"The peasants are incessantly making inroads on each other's lands, destroying their corn, durra, sesame and olive-trees, and carrying off their sheep, goats and camels. The Turks, who are everywhere negligent in repressing similar disorders, are attentive to them here, since their authority is very precarious. The Bedouin, whose camps occupy the level country, are continually at open hostility Alexander Keith, recalling Volney's 1785 description (quoted above) fifty years later, commented: "In his day [Volney's] tthe land had not fully reache its last degree of desolation and depopulation." (The Land of Israel).

Other travelers and pilgrims recorded similar reports of the dreary state of the Land around the middle of the nineteenth century. Here are just a few examples:

Alphonse de Lamartine, in 1835: "...a complete eternal silence reigns in the town, on the highways, in the country ... the tomb of a whole people" (Recollections of the East, Vol. I, p. 308).

A contemporary German encyclopedia (Brockhaus, "Allegmeine deutsche Real- Encyklopaidie", Vol. VIII, p. 206, Leipzig, 1827) calls Palestine "desolate and roamed through by Arab robber-bands."

In 1849, the American W. F. Lynch described the desertion of Palestinian villages "caused by the frequent forays of the wandering Bedouin" (Narrative of the United States Expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea, p. 489).

And again H. B. Tristram, in 1865: "... both in the north and south (of the Sharon plain), land is going out of cultivvation, and whole villages ar rapidly disappearing from the face of the earth. Since the year 1838, no less than 20 villages have been thus erased from the map (by the Bedouin) and the stationary population extirpated" (p. 490).

Mark Twain, 'Innocents Abroad' 1867:

""Desolate country whose soil is rich enough but is given over wholly to weeds - a silent mournful expanse ... We reached Tabor safely ... We never saw a human being on the whole route" (p. 451, 480); "There is not a solitary village throughout its (the Jezreel Valley's) whole extent - not for thirty miles in either direction. There are two or three small clusters of Bedouin tents but not a single permanent habitation. One may ride ten miles, hereabouts, and not see ten human beings" (p. 448); "Of all the lands there are for dismal scenery, I think Palestine must be the prince. The hills are barren ... the valleys are unsightly deserts... It is a hopeless, dreary, heartbroken land... Palestine is desolate and unlovely... Palestine is no more of this workday world. It is sacred to poetry and tradition - it is dreamland" (pp. 564, 567).

History of Israel, from 1850-present


Further sites

In Memory of the Victims of Palestinian Violence and Terrorism in Israel - MFA

Scholars for Peace in the Middle East

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

on victims - All4israel

'Palestinian' Media Watch

Think Israel

Factsandlogic

Rotter

Israel's War Against 'Palestinian' Terror

Awsome Seminars

Israel 'Palestine' - 101

MEMRI: Middle East Media Research Institute (translating Arab media)

Amin Al Husseini - The Grand Mufti and father of today's jihad

In November 1941, the Mufti met with Hitler, who told him the Jews were his foremost enemy. The Nazi dictator rebuffed the Mufti's requests for a declaration in support of the Arabs, however, telling him the time was not right. The Mufti offered Hitler his “thanks for the sympathy which he had always shown for the Arab and especially Palestinian cause, and to which he had given clear expression in his public speeches....The Arabs were Germany's natural friends because they had the same enemies as had Germany, namely....the Jews....” Hitler replied. The Mufti and the Fuhrer

1941 The Farhud, the Mufti inspired Krystallnacht in Iraq

In 1948, nearly 900,000 Jews - indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa - lived in what are now known as the "Arab States." ~ Today, 99% of these indigenous Jewish communities no longer exist. ~ Arab governments forced us to leave, confiscated our personal and communal property and stripped us of our citizenships.
Jews Indigenous to the Middle East and North Africa

Arabs For Israel

Basic articles

Twenty facts about Israel and the Middle East

Arab terrorism came before the (so called) "occupation"

The History of the Land Is Jewish, Not Palestinian. By Dr. Yechiel Shabiy February 23, 2020. The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies

The Case for Israel

Israel's morality

Israel Is The Victim And The Arabs Are The Indefensible Aggressors In the Middle East

Who caused the Arab "refugee" problem? Refugee: Arab leaders told us to flee Israel in 1948

Israel's moral right to exist

Israel's Right to Exist Questioned, Anti-Zionism or Anti-Semitism?

Israel and the Palestinians: no moral contest

The Next Screwing: Two causes of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The first is Arab racism, rejects any presence that isn't Arab in its neighborhood; the second is Islamic intolerance which leads to same rejection (JWR, April 14, 2003) [2]

How Strong Is the Arab Claim to Palestine?

The Arabs in the Holy Land - Natives or Aliens?

Gamla

"Flaubert's Observations of Jerusalem and the Jews Living There [1850]"

Israel Has A Moral Right To Its Life Why reason and justice are on Israel's side

British National Archives unveil presence of Nazi S.S. agents in Mandatory Palestine, working closely with Palestinian leaders. Historical documents in Britain's National Archives in London show Nazis shipped arms to Palestinians

When being anti-Israel is anti-Semitic

The Hebron Massacre of 1929

March 2006 - 120 Years to first of Arabs' attack on Jews in "palestine" Israel, Petach Tikva 1886

As grand mufti, al Husseini presided as the Imam of the Al Aqsa mosque in ... 1929. Hebron Massacre, Amin Al-Husseini organizes more riots in Palestine
From Al Husseini to Hitler Radical Islam and the Nazi connection

Munich & morality tale of good vs. evil

The Islamization of Bethlehem by Arafat


The Islamization of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict by M Litvak, ‎1998

(tandgonline)

(jstor)


Palestinian Crimes against Christian Arabs and their manipulation against Israel

THE BELEAGUERED CHRISTIANS OF THE PALESTINIAN-CONTROLLED AREAS

Gaza Christians sense pressure to convert to Islam - Reuters. Jul 26, 2012

Persecution in 'Palestine', video documentary that exposes the anti-Christian persecution within the Palestinian Authority, "Holy Land: Christians in Peril,"

The Jews took no one's land

Arabs Recognized Israel - 1919

The Middleeast porblem explained by the Prager University


Chief obstacle

The indoctrination, hate education,[8] grooming for jihadism, glorification of mass murder remain biggest obstacles for any solution. "The path to peace begins in the classroom."[9]   It is the Arab-Palestinians "who continue to educate their children - in textbooks, on television and in mosques - with anti-Semitism, glorification of violence and the duty of holy war. Which makes peace with the next generation difficult as well."[10]

References

  1. Benjamin Lee Gordon. (1919). "New Judea: Jewish Life in Modern Palestine and Egypt." J. H. Greenstone, 1919. p. 174
  2. Janrense Boonstra, "Antisemitism, a History Portrayed", SDU / Anne Frank Foundation,' 1989, p. 101.

    The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem

    In 1914, the periodical Falastin – with its extremist Arab nationalist slant - was abolished by the Ottoman authorities because of its racist hate propaganda. The periodical had agitated against the immigration of Jewish refugees from Russia.

    In the Twenties, the publication reappeared and led campaigns against Jewish immigration.

    As a result of anti-Jewish propaganda and terror, the British government took measures between the Twenties and the Forties to restrict Jewish immigration to Palestine.

    In 1921, an extremist, pan-Arab nationalist , Haji Amin al-Huseini, was appointed Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, a religious leader.

    Three weeks after his appointment, he led a pogrom in which forty-three Jews were murdered.

    From the beginning of the Second World War the Mufti led a rebellion of Iraqis, Syrians and Lebanese with support from Nazi Germany against the Allied Forces...
  3. Elie Kedourie, Sylvia G. Haim: 'Zionism and Arabism in Palestine and Israel' (RLE Israel and Palestine), Taylor & Francis, 2015. p. 8 [1]
  4. Baum, P. (1974). "The Palestinians: What is Real and what is Politics : a Report." United States: American Jewish Congress. p.3.
  5. Sachar, H. M. (1974). "Europe Leaves the Middle East," 1936-1954. United Kingdom: Allen Lane. pp.91-92.

    Thus, in August, 1936, Nasr al-Din Nasr, the mayor of Hebron, was shot dead outside his home. The mukhtar (village leader) of Caesaria met the same fate in February, 1937. In April of that year Ibrahim Yusuf, a member of the Tiberias municipal council was assassinated.

    Bey Shukri, mayor of Haifa, barely escaped attempts on his life in May 1936 and January 1937. In February 1937 the mukhtar of Caesaria was shot down outside his home. In April of that year Ibrahim Yusuf, a member of the Tiberias municipal council, was assassinated. The mayor of Nablus, Suleiman Bey al-Toukan, fled the country in December 1937. The mukhrat of Majdal and his wife were slain in April 1938. So was Nasr al-Din Nasr, the mayor of Hebron, the same month. The wife and three sons of the mukhtar of Deir es-Sheikh were killed by a bomb in September 1938.

    Hassan Sidqi al-Dajani, a member of the Jerusalem municipal council, was shot to death in November 1938, and the remaining Arab council members fled Palestine.

    Efforts by Fakhri Bey al-Nashashibi, leader of the anti-Husseini faction, to mobilize a counterassault against this terror campaign were largely unsuccessful. The Nufti's offensive grew in scope and momentum, until by the end of 1939 his victims exceeded 3,000. Egypt and Lebanon were crowded with nearly 18,000 fugitives of the terror.

    Yet from beginning to end Haj Amin's principal Arab target remained Fakhri Bey al-Nashahibi.

    The Mufti's henchman, Aref al-Razzaq, issued a "death warrant" against Fakhri Bey, calling upon every Arab "in the name of God" to shoot this "traitor" on sight.

    Several years passed before the sentence could be executed. But on November 9 , 1941, as Fakhri Bey was walking through the streets of Baghdad, a Palestinian member of the Mufti's organization rode past on a bicycle and shot him fatally.
  6. Maximum Rocknroll. (2001). United States: Maximum Rock 'n' Roll. Husseini the Mufti of Jerusalem killed more Arabs than most and they led him rule the Temple Mount! This is not about justice...
  7. 7.0 7.1 Bitsaron, 1969. Vol. 61, p. 198.
    He sold himself for arms and financial support to Moscow, to Rome.

    He was fascist in nature and feudal in his social composition. He never cared about the broad strata of the people not being represented in the leadership and became the franchise of the rich and aggressive.

    Arab nationalism in Palestine was for the Arabs what Hitler was for the German people. While Nazism destroyed the socialists, liberals, communists, democrats, who had an independent opinion within his Reich, Haj Amin al-Husseini waged a brutal campaign of extermination against any opposition among his people.

    Since he was unable to set up... where his opponents would be tortured, he simply ordered their elimination. During the three years of the uprising under his leadership, between 7,000 and 8,000 Palestinian Arabs were killed by his mercenaries: party leaders, clerics, police and officers, teachers, journalists, mayors and city councilors, intelligence chiefs, and muhtar of villages. Many were exterminated along with their families. Arab nationalism "borrowed" from the dictatorial regimes the most horrific method of taking over the psyche of the people: terrorism.
  8. Palestinian Media Watch
  9. The path to peace begins in the classroom UNRWA indoctrinates Palestinian kids into the culture of hate that calls a terror attack against Israelis a ‘barbecue party’. By Deborah Singer Soffen and Jian Lurie Goldberg, TOI, 8 October 2018
  10. The responsibility of the Palestinians - As long as the Palestinians do not change their aggressive stance, a solution to the conflict and thus peace will remain impossible. Likoed.nl May 10, 2021.

    To name just a few points:

    • It is the Palestinians who have been rejecting new peace talks for more than ten years.
    • It is the Palestinians who continue to refuse to accept Israel as a Jewish state. This is repeatedly stated by both Fatah and Hamas.
    • It is the Palestinians who have repeatedly rejected internationally proposed two-state solutions, as in 1937, 1947, 2000, 2001 and 2020. ..
    • It is the Palestinians who continue to educate their children - in textbooks, on television and in mosques - with anti-Semitism, glorification of violence and the duty of holy war. Which makes peace with the next generation difficult as well.
    • It is the Palestinians who are repeatedly embarking on the path of violence, with terror and rocket fire.
    • As long as the Palestinians do not change this aggressive attitude, a solution to the conflict and thus peace will remain impossible.