Nazism at Arab Palestinians

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Nazism at Arab Palestinians

النازة من قبل العرب الفلسطينيين [النازيون والفلسطينيون] נאציות של ערבים פלסטינים

This page is mainly about admiration (ideology, sentiments), adopting of Hitler, Hitlerism etc. By Arab "Palestinians." It is often also accompanied with denying,[1][2][3] belittling the Holocaust.[4] Hijacking Holocaust terminology to perpetuate falsities and demonize.[5] And even perversion.[6][4][7][8]

Note. This is in no way taking away, even tiniest part, from the real perpetrators of the Holocaust: Nazi Germany and their European helpers.

This is not about politically motivated calling someone a "Nazi" in a shallow matter. But about the real original, 'authentic' unique in its historic evil - Nazism.

(It includes Arabs who have or/and prefer democratic Israel's citizenship. Those among the Arabs in Israel, who are haters, by default, also define themselves as "Palestinians." In any case, it is about the Arabs in/from the area.
[Though radical Islamic Antisemitism incorporating Nazism, Arab-Islamists cooperating with Nazis, then with Neo Nazis - all that is a larger issue]).


Hitler on the Arabs

Note, Hitler was clear about his disdain for the Arabs, as inferiors.[9][10][11] Hitler loathed Arabs, he once described them as "lacquered half-apes who ought to be whipped."[12][13][14] And the Grand Mufti al-Husseini himself has actually said 'that after the Jews, the Germans would destroy the Arabs,' "he knew this," says his granddaughter.[15] [Yet, he “cherished" the Nazis' ‘racial’ hatred.[16]]

It's why the Mufti's chasing caused Nazis' discomfort at least in the beginning.[17]

Which is why Hitler, the Nazis just had to convince themselves, the Mufti is, supposedly "not" pure Arab in blood...[18]


In 1937,[19]
Baldur von Schirach, the leader of the Hitler Youth, visited Damascus, Baghdad and Tehran. In Damascus, von Schirach, was asked by journalists how Nazi propaganda in Arab countries could be reconciled with [its] racial theory, which places Arabs at the …th rank. The Arab press then noted that Von Shirach had evaded and refrained from giving a logical answer to this question.


1938: Syrian and Egyptian paper, (which had a wide readership among Arabs in Palestine[20]) realize, Arabs are as an "inferior race" as Africans, per Hitler's view:[21]
The Arabs are "inferior," according to Hitler

The Cairo and Damascus newspapers open their readers' eyes to the true meaning of Nazi doctrine

Damascus, (Palcor). Under the headline "Arabs are of an inferior race - says Hitler" the Damascus newspaper 'Alif-Ba' [Alif bāʼ ال باء] published the scathing article of the Egyptian weekly, "Rose al-Yussef" [روز اليوسف; Rose al-Yousef] on the Arabic translation 'My war' ["Mein Kampf"] by Hitler.

In the introduction, 'Alif-Ba' writes that few are the Arabs, who know that Hitler sees the Arab people as an inferior nation that does not deserve self-government and to stand on the same cultural and social level with the "Aryan" peoples. He places her in his book on a par with the black peoples of Africa.

After that, the newspaper tells, in short, about the noise made in Egypt by the Arabic translation of the book 'My war' ['Mein Kampf'], which omitted, with the intention of misleading the readers, all the passages that speak in condemnation of the Egyptians, and brings the article 'Rose al-Yusuf' in its entirety.


An August 1939 warning:[22]

BELGRADE (Palcor). — A warning to the Moslem world in general, and to Arabs of the Near East in particular, has been issued by the Yugoslav Moslem daily Senana, against Nazi and Fascist-propaganda. There are 1,500,000 Moslems in Yugoslavia. The paper states that Dr. Goebbels is spending enormous sums on propaganda in Egypt, Iraq and Palestine in order to incite the local population against the Jews and so distract attention from the real aims of Nazi policy. The hope was expressed that these efforts would be fruitless.

Remember the ruthless conquest of Albania, the merciless treatment of the Arabs in Libya, and the dangers threatening Egypt as a result of Axis policy, the article concludes.


At a 1940 review of a Syrian author's 1939 book, writer said:[23]

The Nazi movement was above all an imperialistic one and the Arabs realised this. Had not the Haifa air raids proved Hitler's intentions?


Even Falastin realized and noted in 1940:[24] "Hitler who invented the theory of race and who made the Arabs fourteenth level."


The Nazis in fact played the Arabs, all the way, despite treating them so badly, as for instance, 10,000 Muslim Arabs were tormented by them. Oct 1942 report in Iraq:[25]

10,000 Moslem Arabs Tormented By Nazis

BAGHDAD, Tuesday (ANA). —

The "Al Alam el-Arabi" newspaper publishes an article under the heading Nazi Cruelty to Arabs, describing the hardships Arabs are suffering in forced work for Hitler.

"All these things are being done," says the and newspaper, "and still the Axis, headed by the Nazis, boasts unceasingly that they sympathize with the Arabs. Hitler has ordered 10,000 Moslem Arabs who fell into the hand of the Nazis to be tormented by the unbearable cruelty of the Nazi nightmare.

They are begging and protesting but nobody hears their cries or pities or helps them, in their suffering. This is another proof that the Axis lies to the Arabs and mocks their self-respect, honour and rights."


Notorious PFLP hijacker and admitted terrorist[26] who has been still promoting violence 2014-16[27] Laila Khaled: "At first, I admired Hitler because I thought he was the enemy of the Jews. Later I found out he classified Arabs as sub-humans, only slightly above the gypsies and the Jews."[28]


[Not that Hitler himself was "true" or even "consistent" at his twisted "belief."[29][30][31] White Russians were not included in his "theory"... which neo-fascists in Russia are upset about.[32] But that isn't the point, of course].

[This is not about those who without ideology served the Nazis to survive. Or per selfishness.]





Nazi era

Arabs writings of Swastikas and support for Hitler in the 1930s anti-British revolt, anti-Jewish rampage

With barely two months of Hitler rise to power, the Mufti rushed already to forge contact with the Nazi regime, March 31, 1933.[33][34]


During subsequent secret contacts between the Consul-General and the Mufti, Husayni asked for assistance in establishing in Palestine an Arab Nazi party.[35] But the Nazis, at least initially, refused.[36]


In Nov 1933, it was reported, a direct contact between the German Nazis and the Palestinian Arabs, Arab Riot Leaders, revealed by Nazis.[37]


By Dec 1933, Nazism spread by young Arabs, some painted the swastika on a glass and various utensils in Arab cafes in Jaffa. When a young Arab drank a toast for Arab Nazism and Jews protested it, Azmi Nashashibi, the deputy governor of Jaffa, intervened against preventing these acts.[38]


Nazi Anti-Jewish propaganda picked up greater speed in Arab Palestine since 1934, especially in boycotting Jews.[39][40]


Soon, the swastika is seen more and more on Arab houses, on Arab cars, and even shoe polishers near the Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem adorned crates in this painting.[41]

An Arab exporting firm, wrapped his oranges marked "Saint Elijah, Jaffa," in paper bearing a picture of the Muhammad surrounded by swastikas.[42]


In spring of 1934, extremist Arab nationalists intended to form the Palestinian Nazi Party, which aimed to fight Jews in coordination with the Nazi Party in Germany, in Israel, many swastikas began to appear on Arab homes and their cars.[43] Arab students returning from studying in Europe were determined to found the Arab Nazi party.[44]


In May 1934, local German Nazis in Haifa organized propaganda meeting with open Hitlerist propaganda. Foreign Germans come as "tourists" join in. The British authorities knows about it, but chooses to ignore.[45]


From a Sept 1934 report: [46]
The Nazi Party in Germany has decided to launch a propaganda campaign in Arab countries, report Greek papers. Sixty books in Arabic have been printed and distributed in Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Iraq and other lands. The amount of 360,000 marks has been assigned for the purpose.


An Apr 25, 1935 report:[47]
From time to time, anti-Jewish slogans written in Arabic and German, and embellished with the swastika, appear on vacant walls and boardings in different Palestine towns, enjoining a boycott of Jewish goods and enterprises. Their effect has been nil except to leave a great deal of annoyance among young and ardent Jews, who endeavor to trace the perpetrators of such nuisances. According to well-informed local quarters , the origin of these throwaways is in a central Nazi propaganda ascent for Palestine who, it is believed, works through Arab Fascists. An attempt at Fascism was started some eighteen months ago as the only hope of Arab salvation in the present state of the Arab nationalist cause, as one young leader said. The object was to introduce an ultra-nationalistic spirit among the Arab youth. But it was more closely modelled on the National-Socialist brand of Fascism than the Italian, because the German politics embodied anti-Semitism as the central motive.


From 1934:[48]

A large number of Nazi agitators have been stirring up the Palestinian Arabs much to the discomfort of Great Britain. Recently three German agents were arrested by British authorities in Haifa and deported for anti-Semitic and anti-British propaganda.

Nazi propaganda in Arabic floods the market in Palestine. Hitler admiration is spread, his Mein Kampf especially draws Arabs' "attention," Ahmad Shukeiri and others' Istiqlal Party (fans of fascism[49]) its newspaper al-Difa'a appearing on scene in 1934, founded by a Muslim a-Shanti (whose family got rich including by business with Jews) competed with ‘’Falastin’’ paper and gained reaction because he was more Islamic, more for pan-Arabism, pan-Islamism and he followed more steadily the Mufti’s fascist-Nazi line, [20] and became in fact a Nazi propaganda pamphlet.[50]


Since Istiqlal began to reorganize, it has adopted Nazi ideas - reported Templars' paper: "This party's publication shows a clear sympathy for Nazism and fights fiercely against the Jewish boycott of Germany."[51]


Already in 1933/4, the al-Difa' (Ad-Difaa) الدفاع was dubbed: The Arab-Nazi newspaper.[52][53]

This paper's enthusiastic coverage for Hitler, despite realizing openly, writing in 1934: "[Hitlerism] is an ideology full of disrespect of all peoples."[54]

In 1935 ad-Difa’e got so bad that the British had to ban it for a month.[55]


Overview:[50]
All parties were dragged along by the extremists of the Istiqlal, whose newspaper al-Difa'a became a Nazi propaganda pamphlet.

They made efforts to attract the masses with national recommendations, strong hatred of Jews and extreme demands from the authorities. The fascist regimes in Germany and Italy were a source of inspiration and imitation to the national Arab movement. As early as 1932, the newspaper Al-Carmel wrote: "The Nazi movement is a symbol, it is a source of hope - Arab nationalism must adopt the methods of its leaders in their pursuit of independence and freedom."

The Mufti's bulletin al-Jamaa al-Arabiya's continued to incite the public against the government, expressing its support for fascist Italy, which the newspaper said had adopted sympathetic treatment of Arabs and the Muslim world "and supported their national aspirations."


In March 1935 the Husseinis formed a party, called the Palestinian Arab Party. It was, as its president Jamal Husseini freely boasted, inspired by German Nazism. It included a 'youth troop', modelled on the Hitler Youth and for a while actually called, the 'Nazi Scouts'.[56] The young people swore that "Palestine is my homeland, and there is no place for anyone who is not an Arab." Jamal Husseini quoted Hitler: "I started with six, then we were 600 and then 60 million."[57]


Until the rise of the Nazi party in Germany, the Templars had good ties with their Jewish neighbors. Then things changed drastically since 1933. They then spread anti-Semitic propaganda and planned to import weapons from Germany for use by Arabs against the Jews. Yet, not all Templars were pro Nazi. The opponents were pressured. As a German with a swastika band around his arm, the Arabs he passed "saluted him with admiration."[58]


Admiration of Nazism among the Arabs, expressed its urge also through groups, the Najjadah, like the Futuwwa and other groups, trying to emulate Nazism or fascism.[59]


Historian:[60]

... the Husseinis in March 1935 formed the Palestinian Arab Party, whose platform for resistance to the establishment of a Jewish National Home. It set up its own youth corps. al-Futuwwa (the name of an association of Arab knights during the Middle Ages). which resembled Germany’s Hitler Youth and was officially designated the “Nazi Scouts.”

At the founding meeting on February 11, 1936, Jamal al- Husseini, a principal aide of Hajj Amin, declared that Hitler had stalled out with only six followers and now had sixty million. The first seventy al-Futuwwa recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right: independence — my aspiration: Arabism — my principle: Palestine — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.” The Husseini-Nazi connection… through the 1930s and early 1940s. Indeed, as early as March 31, 1933, two months after Hitler's assumption of power, Amin alHusseini told the German consul in Jerusalem that "the Muslims inside and outside Palestine welcome the new German regime and hope for the extension of the fascist anti-democratic, governmental system to other countries." In the name of the Arabs, Husseini expressed a desire to join in the Nazis' anti-Jewish boycott.


Noted:[61]

Relations between the Arab National Movement and the Nazi regime in Germany began to take shape as early as 1933. In the various Arab countries, local parties and organizations began to emulate the Nazi party's methods of operation and to adopt its principles. In the summer of 1933, an attempt was made to establish an Arab Nazi movement in Palestine as well, and the Nazi propaganda ministry provided financial assistance to the Arab national press of a zealous anti-Zionist nature in Israel. However, if until the outbreak of World War II the Nazi regime was still careful to support the Arab national movement, then after the world war began, ties between Nazi Germany and the leaders of the Arab national movement, especially with the Jerusalem Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, became stronger.


News article on Jan 1, 1935:[62]

Nazi Arabs ... The Nazi idea is spreading among the Arabs in the Land of Israel.

A member of the Executive Committee of the Arab organization from Haifa said at the last Executive Committee meeting that the Arab national youth in Haifa likes the Nazi principles, and believed that the best way to save the Land of Israel from the Jews was to follow these principles.


In May 1935, as delegates returned from an Arab youth conference in Haifa, their train to Afula bore a swastika chalked on one of the coaches with an Arabic inscription beneath it reading "Germany over All."[63]


In 1935, the Federation of Arab Youth in Palestine petitioned Hitler to help them prevent the Jews from obtaining additional land in Palestine.[64]


In summer of 1935, Arabs in Haifa founded Nazi club, The Red Moon. (Red Crescent) [ريد مون ، نادي النازي]. Well financed.[64] They wore 'brown shirts' too.[65] By then, groups of brown-clad Arab youths were organized in the larger cities.[64]


Sep 1935 – 'Nuremberg Laws’ & on

When Hitler proclaimed the Nuremberg Race Laws in September 1935, a number of Palestinian Arabs sent telegrams congratulating him.[34][66]


Author with original documentations: [67]

Signs of sympathy for Hitler and Nazism grew on the Arab street. The swastika flag was also hoisted over Arab homes, Arab cars, and even Arab shoe polishers adorned their crates with the Nazi emblem. Dr. Franz Reichert, a writer for the German News Agency (DNB) in Jerusalem, provided free money to the Arab press, propaganda and photographs about the life of the renewed Germany, and these would devote entire pages to this material. The British saw Dr. Reichert as the main puller In the Nazi spy network in the country, but no action was taken against him. In May 1935, the Palestine-Israeli police learned that extremist Arab nationalists were preparing to form the "Palestinian Nazi Party" in order to fight the Jews in coordination with the sister party in the Reich.

The great momentum of Nazi propaganda in the Middle East occurred in September 1935. When the "Nuremberg Laws" against the Jews were discovered and published, Hitler received greetings from all Arab countries and Islam. The largest number came from Palestine, where Nazi propaganda was strongest.


1936-39:

Al-Husseini's Arab Revolt of 1936 took place against the background of the swastika: Arab leaflets and posters prominently displayed the Nazi symbol; the youth organization of the Mufti's political party paraded as "Nazi-scouts," and Arab children greeted each other with the Nazi salute.[68]


Professor, Author:[69]

…The shrill calls to take up extremist politics invoked a symbolism that glorified youth, violence, and death. By 1936 Al Difaa, the paper of the Istiqlal movement and the most widely read paper in the Arab community, proclaimed, in clearly fascist tones, that "youth must go out to the field of battle as soldiers of the Fatherland." Others argued that the "Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like Nazi youth in Germany and the fascist youth in Italy which stands ready for the orders of its leaders and ready to sacrifice its life for the honor of its people and freedom of its fatherland." …Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: "Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness." […]

The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq...

By the time the Palestinian uprising began in 1936, the Nazi hatred of the Jew had been incorporated into the existing Muslim narrative.[70] There was an overall relentless, unrestrained anti-Jewish incitement.[71]


Historian:[72]
During the 1936-1939 Palestinian revolt, the swastika was used as a mark of identity: Arabic leaflets and graffiti were liberally decorated with it, Arab children welcomed each other with the Hitler salute and vast numbers of German flags and pictures of Hitler were displayed even at celebrations of Mohammed's birthday.

The pro Nazi identification was so strong, that those obliged to travel through areas involved in the Palestinian revolt soon learned, that it was prudent to attach a swastika to their vehicle to gain immunity from Arab snipers.[73]


In 1936, months after Hitler's Nuremberg Laws stripped Jews in Nazi domains of citizenship rights, and branded them as genetic undesirables, Qawuqji was not squeamish about baiting Jews.[74] In their Arab propaganda broadcasts from Berlin and Rome, Husseini, Kawkaji and Khilani adopted Nazi terms, frequently using antisemitic profanity.[75]


The most prominent Falastin in 1937 sided openly with Fascist Italy. [76]


In Jan 1937: [77]

The Germans in the country in Hitler's chariot

Germans and Arabs welcome "Hail Hitler"

The Arab newspapers report that in German circles in the country, joy was felt yesterday about the results of the referendum in the Saar district [Saarland]. The German churches in Jaffa rang the bells. The Wagner factory in Jaffa closed on Tuesday, as a holiday, and the workers received their wages. Arabs who met German friends greeted each other with the greeting "Heil Hitler."

"When will the dear Palestine return to the lap of the 'Arab nation'? - Al-Farouqi asks to know in a main article, regarding the results of the referendum in the Saar, in al-Islamiyya [الاسلامية] :

The Arab expresses joy at the results of the referendum, as "the German people were oppressed and oppressed. Now we must rejoice that the oppressor has passed."


A Feb 1937 report Noted Muslim Awni Abd al-Hadi (leader of the Arab Independence Party and member of the Arab High Committee in Palestine) stating: ‘Arabs Like Nazis.’[78]

Arabs Like Nazis , Says Moslem

Berlin, Feb. 23 (WNS) — The Arab national movement has much in common with Nazism, the Voelkische Beobachter reports Auni Bey Hadi , leader of the Arab Independence Party and member of the Arab High Committee in Palestine, as having told its correspondent. The Nazi paper says that the Arab leader made a thorough study of Hitler's Mein Kampf while he was in a... camp in Palestine. He is also quoted as advising Germany to study the Arab market in Palestine because the Arabs are boycotting all goods made or sold by Jews.


A March 1937 report, Arab apprentices Admire Hitler.[79]


A March 1937 report:[80]

The agent of the well-known German company "Knoll" has been staying in Jerusalem for two weeks. While visiting an Arab pharmacy, an Arab patient came in with a prescription and asked for medicine. The owner of the pharmacy sent the wholesaler to fetch the medicine, the agent saw the packaging and found out that the medicine was made in Israel, approached the 'patient' and began preaching Nazi-style morals about buying "Jewish products from Tel Aviv." By the way, he took the prescription from him and saw that the doctor was also a Jew, he could not resist and told the Arab "Not only are you as an Arab should be ashamed to buy the Zionist products, you also go to a Jewish doctor and this is a danger for you, the Jewish doctor and the Jewish factory [sic] can poison you." This was said in the presence of an agent of a well-known English factory, who considered him an Englishman.

It is worth noting that this Nazi agent arranges large orders among the Jews.


By May 1937, "All Arabs" celebrated Muhammad's birthday "Hitler and Duce Cheered." - NY Times.[81] Described at the time in JTA[82] May, 1937: "Swastikas Fly As Arabs Mark Mohammed’s Birthday."

Arab children thronged the teeming section’s narrow, winding streets, shouting: “Death to the High Commissioner (Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope)! Death to the Jews!” Booklets explaining Nazi methods of forcing Jews from the Reich are being distributed freely. Arabs in Haifa and Jaffa prepared for the birthday celebrations, scheduled for today and tomorrow, by proclaiming a work stoppage and organizing demonstrations.

The Government Education Department issued orders prohibiting Arab pupils to participate in the demonstrations. Arabs newspapers, however, are urging the pupils to disobey.

Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels praised the Arabs' "national .. conscience," noting that "Nazi flags fly in Palestine and they adorn their houses with Swastikas and portraits of Hitler.[83] All Arab newspapers devoted almost all their pages for that day. Falastin particularly emphasizes the participation of Christians in the Muslim holiday. The newspaper states that two Nazi flags were hoisted on Bustros Street and the swastika was painted on the entrance gates of the Arab Workers' Association. Many Arabs painted the swastika on the blank part of the Arab flag. Pictures of Mussolini, Hitler and Kaukji were hung in various places and in the store entrances.[84]

These special Hitler / Mussolini decorations were seen already days before, ahead and in preparation of the Muslim holiday.[85]


On July 15, 1937, the Mufti met with Walter Döhle German consul in Jerusalem, and offered to send an Arab delegate to Berlin.[86][87] Döhle reported back to Germany that the plan would be that Germany will put out anti-Jewish declarations but not being pro-Arab.[86] The Mufti was disappointed and tried in November 1937 sending another delegate to Berlin. [88] Walter Doehle, wrote:[89]:

“Palestinian Arabs in all social strata have great sympathies for the new Germany and its Führer … If a person identified himself as a German when faced with threats from an Arab crowd, this alone generally allowed him to pass freely. But when some identified themselves by making the ‘Heil Hitler’ salute, in most cases the Arabs’ attitude became expressions of open enthusiasm, and the German gave ovations, to which the Arabs responded loudly.”
Unveiled documents:[90]
‘Arabs admire our Fuhrer’ - “The Palestinian Arabs show on all levels a great sympathy for the new Germany and its Fuhrer, a sympathy whose value is particularly high as it is based on a purely ideological foundation,” a Nazi official in Palestine wrote in a letter to Berlin in 1937. He added: “Most important for the sympathies which Arabs now feel towards Germany is their admiration for our Fuhrer, especially during the unrests, I often had an opportunity to see how far these sympathies extend. When faced with a dangerous behaviour of an Arab mass, when one said that one was German, this was already generally a free pass.”


In 1937, Adolf Eichmann and two SS officers carried out a mission to the Middle East accompanied by the head of the Hitler Youth, Baldur von Schirach who later funded an "Arab Club" in Damascus where German Nazis trained recruits for the mufti's growing army of insurgents.[70] He was quickly expelled by the British.[91] "Eichmann reported from his visit to Israel: The creation of a Jewish State must be prevented."[92]

Eichmann's project included a friendly[73] visit with the mufti in Egypt.[92] It was after this visit, in fact, that Haj Amin went on the Nazi payroll as an agent and propagandist.[73]

[Worth mentioning: Among the collaborators with Hitler was the Mufti, a small fish. The Norwegians had Vidkun Quisling, the Belgians had Leon Degrelle, the Dutch the Waffen-SS unit, the largest outside Germany, the Ukrainians Stepan Bandera, the Russians General Andrey Andreyevich Vlasov and Azov Battalion, and more and more. Each of these names was a much more "respectable" collaborator with the Third Reich and its plans than the Mufti.[93]]


Nazi backing Arab violent riots against the Brits and Jews


Suspicion of Nazi involvement was already at the beginning, in 1936, with Germans arrested and German made rifles at Arab rioters.[94] Arabs were captured with smuggled Nazi Arms.[95]


In 1937, French paper Marianne exposed Nazi armament of Arab Terrorists.[96]


More evidence seen on the ground in 1938.[97]

Indeed, Nazis 'shipped arms to Palestinians,' British National Archives unveiled presence of Nazi S.S. agents in Mandatory Palestine, working closely with Palestinian leaders, at least since 1937.[90] Widely known:[98] The role of foreigners in .. riots is known, that in the days of the events of 1936-39 the help of German and Italian guides to the Arab gangs was widespread, and only thanks to it was it possible for the Arab gangs to last for a long time...

In Oct 1938,[99] The Scotsman in a leading article on the Palestine question, stated: "No British Government can impose a scheme which would ultimately make it possible for the Arabs to massacre the Jews. Such a solution breathes the spirit of Hitler, not of England."


In Sep 1938, at a US paper: 'Arabs Hail Hitler As Liberator… Arabs Look to Hitler.’[100]


In Sep 1938, ‘’a hundred Palestine Arabs visited the Nazi party conference in Nuremberg.’’[101][76]


(Noted[102]) author:[103]

The Mufti of Jerusalem, encouraged by Axis successes in Abyssinia and Central Europe, had seized power among the Palestine Arabs... Passing an Arab shop one might hear a record chanting in Arabic, "Slaughter the Jews!" Photographs of Hitler began to spring up in Arab barber shops and cafés, side by side with those of the Mufti. Youngsters in Arab villages marched about waving small swastika flags.


Author in 1947:[76]

Needless to say, how great was the effect of the German victories, in the first period of the war, on the Arabs of the country, and how difficult was then the impression of their defeat: an Egyptian, who visited the country in the days after the conquest of Berlin wrote: "The people cry in the morning and sob in the evening. And blow to their cheek between morning and evening."


At (بيرزيت) Bir Zeit most of the students wrote ‘A. Hitler,’ in answer to 'a great man,' when explained as 'a man who influences the spirits of his contemporaries.' [104]


Oct 1938 report from Jerusalem:[105]

Arabic translation of Adolf Hitler's "Mein Kampf" was put on sale here today at the modest price of three piastres (about 21 cents). Many copies are being distributed among the Arabs free of charge. It was noted that the edition placed on sale here carefully purged the passage in which the Arabs are graded fourteenth on the racial scale.


In 1938 alone, Germany has spent 60,000 pounds on propaganda amongst the Arabs in the land. It was estimated that the mufti's cousin Daud al-Husseini, in 1939 was the link between him and the Nazis at the time.[106]


On Jan 26, 1939, a large shipment of Hitler’s "Mein Kampf" in Arab translation arrived in Palestine from Egypt.[107]

Nazism at Arabs: Ideology too, not just "practical" allies.

Historian:[17]

The evaluation of Arab Nazism in the 1930s, with Hitler's rise to power, must be seen against this background of identity values. The common explanation as if there was a common interest of hostility to France and Britain, which united allies against a common enemy and allegedly pushed the Arabs into Hitler's arms is only a partial explanation, but as a basic claim it is tainted with excessive simplicity and historical distortion. Admiration for Hitler and his party existed on the Arab street as early as the days of the Fuhrer's struggle in the 1920s, and it erupted with great enthusiasm immediately upon his rise to power in 1933. The first congratulatory telegrams he received the day after his appointment as chancellor came to him from Wolf, the German consul in Jerusalem, following which warm greetings flowed from other Arab countries. Although the violation of the Versailles Agreements was a blatant defiance of France and Britain, it came only in 1936, with the violation of the ban on armaments of Germany, and in 1938 with the "Anschluss" - annexation of Austria. In 1933, and in the period that lasted at least until the attack on Poland in September 1939, there was no reason to assume that Hitler, an "Anglophile" who based (in Mein Kampf) Germany's long-term strategy of cooperating with Great Britain as a principle of the new world order, as he envisioned it, would the one who would save the Arabs from English colonialism.

As soon as Hitler came to power, parties were formed in Arab countries that were imitations of National Socialism...


The Falastin since 1932/3 was ‘excited’ about Nazi Germany.[108][109] During some period of time, it openly carried pro Hitlerism. During other periods, for example to avoid discipline, censorship and or penalties, it, for a while, used sneaky tricky ways, that is, to glorify Nazis by carefully selected "reports" elaborating on Axis advances and 'excite' its readers on Hitler while cherry picking negative or critical of the Allies steps citing sources from Western countries, so the investigators wouldn't act. In addition, often inserting "news" as a subtitle under those articles, as if its source is the same... [59][41] In all, Falastin, as well as almost all other Arab newspapers in Palestine cheered for Hitler[110]


Overview:[111]

In September 1933, al-Difa' called the struggle against the Zionists a jihad (holy war), and warned that anyone who did not take a part in this war was committing a sin. The Arabic press also featured cartoon caricatures of the Jews, in the best tradition of Der Stürmer, the Nazi anti-Semitic weekly.

For instance, in September 1932, Filastin printed a cartoon depicting Zionism as an intimidating crocodile, opening its mouth wide to swallow two Arab peasants, while an armed British soldier stood by calmly.

Mir'at al-Sharq (Mirror of the World) was the only Arab newspaper that dared to go against the trend. In April 1935 it urged Arab-Jewish co-operation, arguing that the Arabs and the Jews were cousins, and Palestine was the only safe haven for them.

The paper was denounced by the rest of the Arabic press, and accused of collaborating with the Jews.


During the days of the 1941 uprising in Iraq, preparations were made in Palestine for the resumption of the uprising. Posters with a swastika on their heads were distributed among the Arabs and called for an alliance with the Germans.[112]


André Palert, the Marianne French (active 1930-40 noted) magazine's special correspondent in Jerusalem, reported at least since 1937 how Mussolini woos the Arabs and about the Mufti's extremism.[113]

In October, 1938, he interviewed the Mufti at the Haram al-Sharif and was informed that Italian arms and funds were reaching the Holy Land[114] In 1938, Marianne:[115] [116]

Arab journals Falastin and Al Difa'a publish every week articles with a racial tendency and frequently reproduce large portraits of various leaders of the Third Reich. They do not even try to conceal the fact that they have become pupils of the Ministry of Propaganda in Berlin.


Documented at the time and quoted in a May 22, 1939, session:[117]

Already in 1935—I am quoting the editor of the "Quarterly Review,"— 50 German agents were sent to Africa and the Near East. Their destinations, among orhers, were Haifa and Jaffa.

They were given instructions to carry on the most intensive propaganda efforts among the natives. In 1936 — I am quoting the "Daily Telegraph" —the Jerusalem police intercepted documents proving that the Arab raiders received £ 50,000 from Germany and £ 20,000 from Italy for the purpose of strengthening their resistance.

We know that British officers in Palestine talk freely of the German and Italian arms and money that the terrorists have received. We know that the land mines by which British soldiers have been murdered could not be made and could not be operated by the Arabs. We know that on one occasion the bloodhounds followed the trail from a land mine to a blacksmith's shop in the German colony of Waldenheim. We know that Dr. Goebbels has established a propaganda school for Arabs in Berlin.


In Sep 1939:[118]

Hitler's speech was repeatedly broadcast in Arabic from Berlin on Friday and yesterday. The Berlin Station also broadcast attacks in Arabic on Great Britain for alleged ill treatment of Arabs in Palestine and elsewhere.

Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem[119] (who chose to "believe" the old bloodlibel canard of ritual murder, since his youth[120] and was directly involved in organizing the 1929 riots that destroyed the 3,000-year-old Jewish community of Hebron[73] - brutal 1929 Hebron massacre [121]) his Nazi style hatred was manifested already in 1937. As a venomous brochure was distributed at the Bludan conference, attended by over 400 Arabs in Sep. 1937, entitled "Islam and Jewry." It has been described as history's "first text that propagated sheer Jew-hatred in an Islamic context by mixing selected anti-Jewish episodes of Mohammed’s life with the so-called wickedness [sic] of Jews in the 20th century."[122] Ahmad Shukeiri also helped spread his message which he described as a European Crusade against Islam, and declared that the Arab people would rise and fight world Jewry...[123] At that conference the Mufti was elected pan Arab president. The brochure has been translated into German in 1938.[124]


A highlight of the 1936-9 Arab riots’ atrocities is the Tiberias 1938 massacre.[125][126]

Report at the time: The Jewish neighborhood never had issues with its Arab neighbors. In-between their atrocious acts, the Arab attackers sat down and ate calmly at a house they invaded. Their "heroic" acts was aimed at defenseless. Brother and sister were found held together. People were burned, some while alive. Witnesses said orders were given over in a European language and an Arab official translated into Arabic to the large gang. There were screams to kill the Jews in Arabic and 'Allah Akbar.'[127] Author:[128]

Arabs stormed a Jewish neighborhood in Tiberias, killing 19 people, including 11 children.

The truck driver Alex Morrison arrived in town shortly after the attackers left. "They left behind one of the most horrible sights I have ever seen in my life," he later wrote: the place was littered with corpses, men, women and children. "The women's naked bodies testified that the assailants made the most horrific use of their knives," Morrison wrote.

In one building, probably a baby house, the scorched bodies of children were still burning; It was obvious that fuel had been poured on them before they were set on fire.

(There is a version that there was some Nazi link to the Arab gang as well. [129][130])


A Nov. 1940 report from Cairo on Axis’ efforts to incite Arabs against Britain and Jews, while Egypt under Britain tried to counter it. [131] A Nov 1 report:[132]

Broadcasts Appeal To Arabs

In a new effort to arouse the Arabs against Britain, the Zeesen radio broadcast on its Arabic program an official German declaration pledging complete German sympathy in the Arab struggle for independence. The Fascist radio, in a highly colored version of the London Zionist conference asserted that it proved the alliance between Britain and the Jews is working satisfactorily against the Palestine Arabs. Replying to the German declaration, the Egyptian radio broadcast a statement to the Arab world reminding Arabs that Hitler had called them a savage people living in the dark ages.

The statement pointed out that while Hitler promised the Arabs independence, his Italian ally had stolen the rights and freedom of the Arabs of Tripoli and the independence of Islamic Albania.
There were efforts also from the US, in 1942, to counter Nazi propaganda: [133][134]
To counteract Axis propaganda to the Arabs, with accent on the legend that Hitler is a Moslem and a direct descendant of Mohammed, short-wave station WRUL in Boston has begun a regular program directed at Arab sources. WRUL has also undertaken to short-wave a weekly Hebrew period, intended for listeners in Palestine and elsewhere.

Through their led massacre on Iraqi Jews in 1941, al-Kailani and al-Husseini wanted to signal, there in a 2,500-year-old community, how Arabia’s Jews should be treated.[135]

Explained:[136]

From the way of nature came the struggle for the Land of Israel and instilled a great deal of venom and power in all those elements of Islam that were hostile to Jews and Judaism. Although it is quite clear that these foundations intensified in the Middle East for many years before the establishment of the State of Israel. The status of the Jewish minorities in the Arab world, as well as the status of Christians and non-Arab groups, became increasingly intolerable (and unrelated to Zionism) in the face of pan-Arabism, unique nationalism, overt anti-Semitism, and the resurgence of Muslim fanaticism.

All these trends, which have omitted the ground beneath the feet of the old Jewish communities in Arab countries, drew their power out of a common disgrace to the West and its emancipatory heritage. For it was not Islam but the hated colonialists who granted equal rights to the Jewish and Christian minorities in the Middle East. Against this background it is easy to understand why there was Nazism (and especially its anti-Jewish elements) to arouse such enthusiasm and admiration among the Arabs in the 1930s and 1940s. The words written by Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem and the leader of the Arabs of Israel, to Adolf Hitler on January 20, 1941, did not in any way contradict the general tone of the Arab nationalism of the period. "Arab nationalism owes Your Excellency a debt of gratitude and of recognition for having repeatedly [again and again] brought up in ringing speeches the 'question of Palestine.'"

In fact, the "question of Palestine" was intended only a marginal place in Hitler's policy and German policy until the outbreak of the war, although the Mufti did not err in seeing Hitler and German leaders as 'anti-Zionists', as opposed to the Stalinist, Trotskyist and leftist fabrications.


Taha Pasha al Hashimi and the Mufti

Noted in 1946:[137]

Iraqi Palestine Defense Society. This Society has been responsible for making the Mufti's propaganda in 'Iraq, they issued their own paper, and wrote articles and fabricated news items for other newspapers, and prepared Arabic broadcasts for the German Minisrer to cable to Germany for broadcasting in the Berlin Arabic broadcasts.

This work threw Taha Pasha into close touch with the German Legation staff who naturally were highly desirous of making contacts with this anti-British body.

This was not Taha Pasha's only contact with the Germans and Palestinians and perhaps his most important contact was his close friendship for Dr. Amin Ruwaiha - Germany's No. 1 Arab agent.

Dr. Amin's wife's sister became Taha Pasha's mistress and a close friendship was established between these two. Amin Ruwaiha had been closely connected with Fawzi al Qaoukji and had assisted him to get arms and to gang to Palestine in the summer of 1936.

Noted in 1947:[138]
A key person in the Mufti's organization was Taha Pasha al-Hashimi, who had become Iraqi Defense Minister in 1938. Before that, he had been president of the Iraqi Palestine Defense Society in charge of the Mufti's propaganda and responsible for the preparation of the for the Nazi program broadcasts... Taha Pasha was in close contact with Germany's "number one" Arab agent, Dr. Amin Ruwaiha, and through him, with the German Legation.


From British Record:[139]

Taha was the co-founder of the Pan Arab Nazi Club Al-Muthanna in Baghdad in 1935. He was co-founder and President of the Iraqi Society for the Society for the Defense of Palestine which prepared Arabic broadcasts for the Berlin radio. This work brought Taha in close This work brought Taha in close touch with the German Embassy and the Nazi agent , Dr. Amin Rawaiha. The latter was interned in Rhodesia by the British, together with Jamal Husseini. Taha also was close to the Golden Square, a pro-Fascist group of army officers who were the chief backers of the Rashid Ali revolt. As Minister of Defense, Taha made every effort to prevent Iraq from breaking off relations with Nazi Germany if war broke out.

He put active pro-Nazis in key positions and played a very significant role in the interference in political affairs of Iraqi army officers.


Nazi views on Palestine had their roots in Hitler's pathological "fear" of 'International Jewry' [sic] in his mein kampf and his "belief" that the Zionists are not sincere and that the Jews do not really aim to establish a State in Palestine. Claiming: "They have no thought of building up a Jewish state in Palestine." He Only referenced to Palestine issue that once in his "book."[140]

(And when some Zionists, controversially, were involved in Haavara transfer to save Jews, whom Nazi Germany did not want to have at all,[141][92] Zionist Haavara saved some 80,000 Jewish lives from the hands of the Nazis.[142][143] Yet, by late 1937 an anti-Nazi German official involved in administering the agreement suggested that fear in Nazi circles that it might lead to a Jewish state, to which Hitler was implacably opposed, was leading to suggestions "it should be terminated."[141]

It ended in 1939 / outbreak of WW2. Later on, Eichmann became the appointee on Jews. Massacres of Jews began systematically in 1941. And the Jan 29, 1942 Wannsee Conference on the "Final Solution" intensified the plan of total extermination.[144])


With Syria's Shukri al-Quwatli [6 May 1891 – 30 June 1967] and (Syrian born Saudi Arabian official) Sheikh Yusuf Yasin [Yousuf Yassin, 1888−19 April 1962]


German documents recalled in 1957:[145]

Saudi Arabian King Saud's Secretary of State has been revealed by captured German archives to have been a leader of a pro-Nazi Arab collaboration committee. He is Sheikh Yusuf Yasin who this year obtained renewed agreement of Washington to the barring of American personnel of Jewish faith from the U. S. Air Force base at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

A search of previously secret German documents captured by the U. S. Army in Berlin reveals a memorandum on Arab collaboration with Hitler. It was submitted to the German Foreign Ministry on August 27, 1940, by Nazi Minister Fritz Grobba. The memorandum pertains to negotiations with Hitler's leading Arab supporter, the so-called Grand Mufti, Haj Amin el Husseini.

Not only does the document expose the membership of the present Saudi Arabian official on the Arab committee for pro-Nazi collaboration but it shows that the current President of Syria was also a member. He is Shukri Kuwatli.

DISCUSSED ARMS

According to the German records, the Grand Mufti, Sheikh Yusuf, Kuwatli, and others worked with the Nazis against the Allies.

They backed the pro-Hitler revolt of Rashid Ali al-Gailani in Iraq. A general uprising in Palestine was envisaged. Arrangements were discussed for provision of munitions through Axis channels for use against the British forces and Jewish inhabitants.

At the time, he represented Saudi Arabia on the pro-German Committee of Collaboration under the chairmanship of the Grand Mufti, Sheikh Yusuf was private secretary to the present King Saud's father. Today Sheikh Yusuf continues his interest in the Jewish problem by seeking io persuade Secretary of State Dulles to keep Israeli shipping out of the Gulf of Akaba. Although the world-wide Nazi movement was thought to have collapsed with the fall of Germany in 1945, Arabs organized by the Hitler apparatus are still striving to complete the Nazi blueprint against world Jewry. Syrian President Kuwatli is today collaborating with another totalitarianism—Communism.

The German records raise serious questions about the reliability of the Arabs as friends of the West An August 20, 1940 directive from the German Foreign Ministry to its ambassadors abroad reported that leading Arab personalities have in recent times repeatedly approached our foreign missions to advance collaboration and collusion. Berlin recommended that the Arabs be assured of "Germany's full sympathy in their people's fight for liberation." German propagandists were instructed to champion the "liberation of the Arab world from imperialism."

VITAL AREA

Today the Soviet Union is operating under almost precisely the same strategy in its campaign of collusion with Arab extremists The Soviet goal is the same as Hitler's.

Domination of the Middle East is seen by Khrushchev as strategically vital.

One top secret document revealed that in 1940 an agreement on Palestine was formulated. In it Germany and Italy recognize the right of the Arab countries to solve the question of the Jewish elements in Palestine and the other Arab countries in a manner that conforms to the national and ethnic interests of the Arabs, and to the solution of the Jewish question in the countries of Germany and Italy.

On August 6, 1940, Franz von Papen, German Ambassador in Turkey, cabled Berlin of his meeting with the Grand Mufti. The cable made known that the pro-Nazi Arab clique that included the present Saudi Arabian Secretary of State wished to cooperate with Hitler by organizing a revolt in Palestine.

Von Papen reported that an understanding was reached with Saudi Arabia on the removal of pro-British King Abdullah of Transjordan and the annexation of that territory to Palestine. The Grand Mufti wrote Hitler on June 21, 1940, that Arab Palestine which had been "fighting the democracies and international Jewry, is ready at any time to assume an active role."


Historian:[146]

In Iraq, its rulers extended open aid to the Arabs of Israel [Palestine] by supporting the Germans.

In Jaffa, Nablus and Tulkarm there were many attending gatherings with Arab and Italian agents, who organized the young people to shout cheers: 'Viva Italia! Viva Duce! And Heil Hitler!’

In a proclamation distributed, signed by Hitler, they called on their audience to fight the English.

In Acre, courses for instructors were organized in military cells. An Arab was apprehended by the Jordan Guard on May 19, 1940, with a letter and a considerable sum of money in his hand intended to act as the commander of the Arab Revolt in the Near East, who was required to begin terrorist acts. Hitler was called by the conspiratorial name - Abu Ali. In Baghdad, Arab leaders gathered and discussed the question of disturbances against the Jews of Israel [Palestine], according to the instructions of German agents. In return, Germany promised the Arabs, the deportation of the Jews ... The Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, who moved to Syria, demanded immediate terrorist attacks. Subhi Zivan and his brother Rostor Zivan from Tira were appointed to manage the Arab gang operations in the Haifa district. Abu Ali, head of the Arab al-Wahab tribe, located between Rosh Pina and Yesod HaMaala, was given the role of managing the fifth column in Israel [Palestine].

Said Shakid, one of the gang leaders, returned to Israel. In a proclamation distributed in Ramallah he warned the British that he would fight alongside Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini (he was caught after a shootout in Beitunia). Most of the gang members who fled to Iraq, after the events of 1936-1939, returned to Syria to prepare for riots in Israel.


News report of June 1, 1941: Nazis run guns to the Arabs in Palestine. In addition, Nazi war planes taking off from Iraq dropped leaflets inciting the Arabs for a 'holy war' against the British and the Jews. The intensive anti-Jewish propaganda campaign conducted by the Nazis is becoming increasingly effective among certain sections of the Arab population.[147]


In 1942, several swastikas were found at the Jehoshaphat Cave in the Kidron Valley.[148]


Interesting analysis at the time (1941):[149]

Nazi Campaign on Russ Same as Jewish Attack

PHILADELPHIA (JPS)—The Nazi attack upon Russia was a scheme , aimed at dividing the Christian world, which had been planned as coolly by the Nazis as their earlier campaign in which Jews were the principal pawns, according to Demaree Bess, chief foreign correspondent of the Saturday Evening Post.

Mr. Bess, writing under the title of Hitler Bids for Christian Allies, expresses the view that Hitler’s drive against Russia was calculated to divide and bewilder Catholic countries in Europe, France, Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Italy, Ireland and Catholic communities in South America, Canada and the United States.

In the course of his article Mr. Bess said: It took outsiders a long time to discover all the objectives aimed at by the Nazi anti-Jewish movement. It wasnt appreciated at first that Hitler was using the Jews, in part, to persuade the Moslem world that he was the defender of the Arabs against the Jews, to maneuver the British Empire into the appearance of championing the Jews against the Arabs.

And now in this latest psychological campaign Hitler plotted to use Red Russians as similar pawns. He assumed the post of defender of Christian Europe against Atheist Russia, seeking thus to paralyze opposition to his imperialist schemes in large sections of the Christian world by maneuvering the British Empire and the United States into the role of accomplices of Bolshevism.


1941 Operation Barbarossa & on

Operation Barbarossa marked the beginning of wholesale massacres on Jews. Einsatzgruppen squads began to carry out mass shootings during the last week of June 1941.[150]

Yad Vashem Prof.:[151]
After the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 the SS Einsatzgruppen began the mass murders of the 1.5 million Jews in Lithuania, Russia, and the Ukraine.

Hitler was obsessed against the Jews at least since 1920. He didn’t need any "help" from the Mufti in his annihilation plan which was ‘understood’ among his Nazi top hierarchy as the scheme already in 1939.[151]

”Palestinian" pan-Arab pan-Islamic leader, Grand Mufti, with Hitler Nov.28.41

Mufti Husseini met Hitler on 28 Nov, 1941 whereby the Nazi leader also made clear his extermination plan.[135][152]

Ahmad Shukeiri and the Mufti's gang, who worked first with the Communists against the Allies, yet, since Russia joined the Allies in 1941, Shukairy and gang went to Hitler's side all the way, to help him in his programs against the Jews. [153][154]


Shukairy and Mufti's gang went for Hitler all the way


"Through his radio broadcasts and other work during World War II.. instilled Nazi images of the Jew,"[155] and called to kill the Jews wherever they are. He had at least six stations - Berlin, Zeissen, Bari, Rome, Tokyo and Athens.[156] During his "Holy War," he encouraged his followers to display the swastika on their posters and fliers, vehicles flying the swastika flag were ensured protection when driving through neighborhoods that the grand mufti's followers controlled, they taught children mobilized to back the revolt to give the stiff-armed Nazi salute in greeting.[157]

"Allah in heaven; on earth, Hitler!" - was WWII-era Arabic saying.[156]

”Palestinian" pan-Arab pan-Islamic leader, Grand Mufti, ‘touring’ concentration camp[158] in 1943

In his book, on one hand, the Mufti lied about facts, such as denying his visiting concentration camps as photos showed him wrong,[135] or his statements he quoted as “facts" what Himmler told him. Yet, he couldn’t hide his hatred, writing, “Hitler hated the Jews ... Hitler is now avenging this accursed [sic] race …”[16]

Himmler's letter of praise to Mufti (1943)
Himmler's letter of praise to Mufti (1943)

In 1943, SS Chief Heinrich Himmler sent warm wishes to Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini. It includes a promise by Heinrich Himmler – one of the architects of the “final solution” – that “Nazi Germany will stand by the Arab people in Palestine in their struggle against the ‘miserable’ Balfour Declaration. Another document that attests to a connection between Nazi Germany and Mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini.[159][160]

Written in 1942:

[161]
Out of a population of a Million and a half, over five hundred thousands are Jews, chiefly of European origin and wholeheartedly dedicated to the democratic cause. The notorious Mufti Haj Amin el-Husseini, was in exile and the power of his terrorists followers had been broken. Arch conspirator, now an honorary member of the Nazi party, still has his network of agents and associates -- a dangerous Fifth Column -- who eagerly await his messages from abroad and secretly hope and work for "the day" when they may join hands openly with the Axis powers and be reunited with their own fuehrer-in-exile.

Palestinian-Arab scholar Edward Said, has conceded that Husseini "represented the Palestinian Arab national consensus." He had "the backing of political parties that functioned in Palestine," and was "recognised in some form by Arab governments as the voice of the Palestinian people."[162][163][34][164]

Despite the Mufti's destructive help and causing thousands of deaths, the Nazi-Arab units per se failed because of Nazi racism and its treatment of Arabs. [165]

Aforementioned Mufti’s then[166][167] henchman Ahmad Shukeiri [Al-Shukairy, Shukairy, shuqayri] helped Hitler,[153] (who even rationalized the Holocaust in 1946;[168] had for some time a friendship with former Wehrmacht guy Hans Rechenberg; [169] had spread vile Nazi type of propaganda at the UN[170] and had promoted neo-Nazi stormtroop gang,[171][172][173][174][175] who guarded monsters: Adolf Eichmann, 'Dr. Death' - J. Mengele,[176] he promoted them after the world was shocked to hear these Nazis tortured, carved on a Jewish girl swastika as revenge for killing Eichmann), as well as other Arab icons[66] including: Nimr el-Hattab, Amin el-Khouri, Subhi el-Hadra,[177] Rasem Khalidi,[178] Emil Ghouri, Wasef Kamal,[179][180] helped Hitler at least from 1941 on.

Exiled initially by the Brits, Arab Palestinians from the mufti's camp, who were working actively for the Germans against the British -- asides from Jamal Husseini his principle aide[60] (continuing to act under his direction in 1946[181][182]) -- included: Akram Zuaiter,[183] Fawzi al-Qawuqji,[184] Amin Tamimi,[185][161][186] Mu'in al-Madi, 'Abd al-Qader al-Husseini.[187][188]


Arabs from other areas assisting the Mufti Nazi campaign, asides from Iraqis, include Tunisian born Hussein Triki.[189][190]


The (Jews paid Arabs to join British army,[191] a large portion of Arabs that did fight in Palestine came from across the Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, to the recruitment bureaus in Palestine, and many of them enlisted with the intention of acquiring weapons for themselves,[192] and there is that Shukairy's testimony[193] in his book about almost no one agreeing in 1940 to help in British war effort. In any case) 1941 poll[194] showed Palestine Arabs overwhelmingly supported the Nazis.


In 1942, many Arabs in Palestine reacted with 'open joy' upon hearing Jews' fate in Europe.[195]

CIA Report Aug 1942:[196]

A majority of the Palestinian Arabs was fiercely "anti-Jewish" and saw in the approach of Rommel an ideal opportunity to murder all Jews their seize their property.

Professor, historian:[193]

Shuqayri was expressing the attitudes and feelings of his countrymen... He describes the great excitement with which they used to listen to German and Italian broadcasts, how he would follow during the night the military communiqués, marking on a map the places being occupied by the victorious Germans and meet his friends the following morning to discuss triumphs exceeding those of the previous day: Our sympathies were with the Axis powers being led by Hitler from victory to victory, and with our sympathies went our prayers for the victory of Germany and her allies, and defeat for Britain... When the British government announced the formation of a Palestine force to help the war effort, our young men received the durective: do not join the Palestine force, and the response was quasi-unanimous.


The Mufti had an entire group of "Palestinian" Arabs working for the Nazis. A number of Arab doctors, who were members of a Palestinian and Syrian nationalists group, even served in the Nazi army, at least one of them in an extermination camp.[197]


Not necessarily related to the Mufti, some 60 Arabs from Palestine stayed during the war. One of the Nashashibi family, who studied medicine in Vienna, served as a doctor in death camps. Mostly in Mauthausen and no doubt murdered hundreds of people. Another Arab young man from Jaffa, who also studied medicine in Austria, was engaged in "medical experiments" in a labor camp for Jewish women in Silesia.[198]

(Arab or Arabs serving in Nazi extermination camp in Europe is apart from nazi camps in Arab lands,[199] where THE torturers of Jews were Arab, [200] or the special cruelty of an Arab gang torturers and killers under a fascist policeman in Vichy France[201]).


The far reaching destruction by the Mufti included: interference against Jewish children who were about to escape deaths;[202] his led instigation, Futuwah Arab Hitler-youth gang's agitation, prelude to the brutal Farhud (al-Farhoud) massacre in June-1941 Baghdad,[203][204] where as many as 1,000 Jews could have died.[205]


It was: the emissaries of the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, and Groba, the political attaché of Nazi Germany in Baghdad, who provoked incitement against Iraqi Jews.[206]


A secret Arab Nazi party was founded in Iraq by the Palestinian wartime Mufti.[207]


There was a direct link between Nazi influences and the crimes of the Farhud and the influence by the Mufti's dominant figure in Iraq:[208]

For two days.. Jews were murdered by Arabs in severe riots. Thousands of Jews were beaten, women were raped and hundreds of children were orphaned by fathers who were murdered or disappeared on their way to police investigations. Homes and shops of 50,000 Jews were looted in the capital, Baghdad. The riots that took place in Iraq were called the Farhud - the robbery or looting in Hebrew. They were carried out against an anti-Semitic background encouraged by the pro-Nazi Iraqi regime... During the British Mandate in Iraq, the situation of the Jews was very good. They were businessmen and economists who were very successful personally and brought Iraq to economic prosperity. After the Arab uprising in Israel, the flourishing of Arab nationalism in Iraq and the rise of Nazism in Iraq, the status of the Jews began to deteriorate and they suffered harassment. The German ambassador to Iraq, Fritz Grobba, has been launching poisonous propaganda against Iraqi Jews since 1933. "He bought the local al-'Alam al-'Arabi ("The Arab World") newspaper, and through it began brainwashing the Jews, publishing Hitler's book Mein Kampf translated into Arabic," says Dr. Nissim Kazzaz, an Orientalist, historian and expert on Iraq in modern times. "Nazi propaganda penetrated various sections of the Iraqi population including educators and military personnel. He convinced the Iraqis that the Jews were driving the British regime and therefore should be killed. "A pro-Nazi was appointed on the recommendation of Ambassador Grobba."

In 1939, Haj Amin al-Husseini, who was in contact with Adolf Hitler, arrived in Iraq from Iraq. He became a dominant figure in Iraq and managed to establish a secret society headed by him. The association included two former Iraqi prime ministers, a Mein Kampf translator, and senior pro-Nazi officers. This association revolutionized in April 1941, with German support and assistance. That same year a war broke out between the Iraqi army and the British army. Baghdad Radio reported victories at the front, the people took to the streets of Baghdad and shots were fired in the air as a sign of joy. The Iraqi broadcasting station turned to the Iraqis and made it clear to them that after the victory over the British, the internal enemy - that is, the Jews - would be next in line. Rashid Ali, an Iraqi leader backed by the Nazis and Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, ruled the capital for two months, but the coup eventually failed. After the Iraqi army failed against the British army senior government officials fled Iraq. Yunis al-Sab'awi, translator of the book Mein Kampf declared himself governor and distributed 400 rifles to the youth organizations that obeyed his order. His intention was to massacre Jews, but his plan was thwarted by an internal security committee set up in Baghdad. However, his men took part in operations against the Jews in Farhud.

Hard evidence At the Farhud riots, Orientalist Dr. Kazzaz was an 11-year-old boy. The day the riots opened was also the last day he saw his father. The first thing they did was start attacking the Jews. They caught Jews in the streets and accused them of signaling to British planes where to shell. Jews were murdered or beaten in the streets, others were taken for police interrogation on false pretenses, some disappeared and did not return to their families and the others were released by the Jewish community by paying bribes to police officers. As the harassment escalated, my father ordered us to shut ourselves in the house like many Jews in Baghdad. For a month we were in houses and did not go out anywhere that was not necessary. "The announcement on official Iraqi radio that the fighting was over was a calming siren for the Jews, who left their homes and hurried to visit their relatives and get back to normal. My father sold silk and gold threads and also bought trained horses for competitions. And his brother to the horse stables that was in an Arab neighborhood. Towards dark we wanted to go home. We got on an eight-passenger minibus and started driving. After a few minutes we saw a crowd of people. The driver stopped and the crowd noticed us.

"My father's partner who was sitting in the front seat and was dressed in holiday clothes, was identified as a Jew and marked as a target. The mob attacked him, pulled him out of the vehicle and started beating him to death. My father who saw the situation got out of the car and apparently went to call for help. "He resumed the trip and Dad disappeared. We did not sit well with Dad because we were sure he found shelter. Charlatans who asked for money testified that they saw him in rural areas of Bedouin tribes demanding ransom for him. Others claimed to have seen him in northern Iraq and that also turned out to be false." [...]

For two days, Iraqis, who were full of Nazi hatred, beat Iraqi Jews. "We went back to fortifying the houses and heard the screams from the nearby houses. Families who tried to identify their dead loved ones were unsuccessful because their faces were mutilated. Some of the Jews were buried in a mass grave."
Inspired by the ghettos in Europe during the Holocaust in 1941, fascist Rashid Ali set up a Nazi-like ghetto for over 600 Jews in the small city of Diwaniya: Forced labor, starvation and beatings.[209][204][210]
Freies Arabien in Nazi salute

"The Nazis began recruiting Arabs to the Wehrmacht as early as the summer of 1941 when the starting point was the coup in Iraq, after the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was exiled to Iraq from Beirut and tried to establish pro - Nazi rule with Iraq's former prime minister, Rashid al-Khilani," explains Dr. Stefan Patka, a doctoral student and researcher at the Berlin University of Technology, who discovered rare documentation showing North African Muslim soldiers trained during World War II. and fought in the service of the Wehrmacht.[211]


Mufti's SS Muslim division

The Mufti is also responsible for thousands of deaths through his linked Muslim SS troops, (where Imams played a major role in morale of the soldiers),[212] the Handschar. He organized the killing of 12,600 Bosnian Jews by Muslims whom he recruited.[89]


Worth mentioning ‘’’Mufti’’’’s failed ‘’’plan’’’ of ‘’’establishing crematoria’’’ in the Dothan Valley.[213] He also visited in a "tour" of at least one concentration camp.[214] And his ‘’Operation Atlas’’ in 1944, where according to some versions it included a plan to poison a quarter of a Million Jews in Tel Aviv - failed. [16]


Around 1942, there was a secret Nazi squad, headed by a kind of German "Lawrence of Arabia." The entire formation battalion contained Arabs across the Jordan, Syria and Palestine [Israel] - all of whom had lived in Germany for a long time. The squad had to follow in the footsteps of von Kleist's army to the Caucasus Mountains and after the defeat of the Russians would move to Persia as a political and military nucleus of the attack against the British. (Source doesn't name the Mufti being connected to this particular squad).[215]


In Feb 1944, in the village of Sarafand (Arabic: الصرفند‎), an Arab named Suleiman Abdullah was shot dead for espionage. He was arrested a month earlier while handing over plans to one of the enemy agents.[216]


Nazis' planned 'extermination of the Jews in Palestine,'[152] stopped with El Alamein defeat, relied on help that they awaited from many local Arabs ready to serve as willing accomplices of the Germans in the Middle East.[217]


Mufti influence & Mohamed El-Maadi (El Madi) in Algeria


Mohammed El Maadi, the head of the fascist leaning La Cagoule for French Algeria, began the anti-Semitic newspaper Er Rachid.[218]

One of the main instigators of the Aug 1934 Constantine Pogrom -- scene of utter desolation and horror, of Jewish girls with their breasts cut off, of little children with numerous knife wounds and of whole families locked in their homes and burned to death,[219] men, women and children, butchered and tortured to death, in horrible fashion,[220] -- per author J. Cole was: Mohamed El Maadi (1902-1954), who became an enthusiastic supporter of fascistic France’s Vichy regime in World War II, and finished his career in the Nazi SS.[221] Though one should add the wider context of pan-Islamic and pan-Arab nationalism.[222]

El-Maadi organised the North-African Brigade, nicknamed SS-Mohammed.[223]

From Jews in Arab Countries: The Great Uprooting:[224]

Despite some discordant notes, the first German detachments sent to Tunisia following the Allied landings were greeted with enthusiasm, and the convoys of British prisoners were jeered.

A press favorable to Germany deliberately created a stream of false news reports in order to throw fuel on the fire. The press depicted the “slavery” of the Muslim population, and the iniquity of “the Jews.” Er-Rachid reproduces a call by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in favor of Lebanese independence: “Why has North Africa not been liberated from the cruel oppression of the British, Americans, Gaullists and the Jews?”

In July 1944, a month after the D-Day invasion, the brigade was dissolved, and El Maadi fled east to Berlin, where he became a part of the .. circle around .. Hajj Amin al-Husayni, the former mufti of Jerusalem... By that time, the French state that Mohamed El Maadi served had deported 75,721 Jews to concentration camps...[225] [226]

The 7,000-8,000 moderates, the Mufti had eliminated

Explained:[227]

He was fascist in nature and feudal in his social composition. He never cared about the broad strata of the people not being represented in the leadership and became the franchise of the rich and aggressive.

Arab nationalism in Palestine was for the Arabs what Hitler was for the German people. While Nazism destroyed the socialists, liberals, communists, democrats, who had an independent opinion within his Reich, Haj Amin al-Husseini waged a brutal campaign of extermination against any opposition among his people.

Since he was unable to set up ... where his opponents would be tortured, he simply ordered their elimination. During the three years of the uprising under his leadership, between 7,000 and 8,000 Palestinian Arabs were killed by his mercenaries: party leaders, clerics, police and officers, teachers, journalists, mayors and city councilors, intelligence chiefs, and muhtar of villages. Many were exterminated along with their families. Arab nationalism "borrowed" from the dictatorial regimes the most horrific method of taking over the psyche of the people: terrorism.

Safe to conclude the Mufti's victims’ stand, had their lives been spared.

Asides from the moderate clan - the Nashashibi,[187][188] there were even Arabs like Young (29) Acre Dr. Anwar Shukeiri, murdered by Mufti's gang on May 8, 1939,[228] [229][230] with help of his own brother Ahmad Shukeiri, for being, according to the gangs, not only Nashashibi but also a friend of the Jews.[166]


Recalled in 1946:[231] Fortified by money from Hitler and from Mussolini, the Arabs, led by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, started a campaign of violence against the Jews. It is interesting to notice that during this campaign Arab terrorists murdered more of their own people who refused co-operation than they did of the Jews.


Gilbert Ashcar – fallacy

The sugar coating of the oldest bigotry - antisemitism, agenda-driven "author," Gilbert Achcar in his writing: hiding, distorting the awful true Goliath Arab nazism.[232] Just another bogus scholar (who lied about B. Gurion too, such as with an out of context "quote").[233]

Authors have put it: The Arab Palestinians supporters of Hamas are 'damned to play the role of the oppressed for whom intellectuals such as Gilbert Achcar tirelessly seek excuses.'

Muslims' antisemitism and holocaust denial: Muslim, as oppose to others, are expected to uphold "appalling views", which some have defined as racism. [234]

Professors conclude:[235] "This is a book in which an author from the political left seeks to protect the dogmas of Western anti-Zionism from the reality of Arab anti-Semitism."

In his book: He sugar-coates the sheer Jew-hater ex-Mufti with a blanket "anti immigration to Palestine" theme, and the calls to the Muslim world during the war to "kill the Jews," "wherever you find them" was about "immigration" or the Mufti's own account in his memoires reiterating debunked blood libels, for example?

In page 44 he quotes from O.A. Najjar about Filastin paper. But those quotes are really mainly an anti Zionist argumentative reply. Not a word regarding the overwhelming support and wide enthusiasm for Hitler, in and of itself.

In fact, historian Haggai Erlich ["The Middle East Between the Two Wars," Volume 2; Volume 5, Open University of Israel, 2002, p.81]: 'Even the newspaper Filastin ("Palestine"), which criticized Mussolini, supported Hitler, as did almost all other newspapers.'

The sheer public display of saluting Hitler in Arab Palestine (including 1934 and 1937) speaks volume. Or Ahmad Shukeiri's testimony in his book of him and his surrounding praying for Hitler's victory 1940. (Before he joined to fight for Hitler as reported in US Congress 1961). Or the poll in 1941 where some 80% of Arab Palestine supported the Nazi victory.[232]

Reviewing Achcar's book, as A Remorseless Apology, historian decries, how Achcar bends over backward when explaining the conduct of Hitler's Mufti as well as another present-day Islamist, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[236]


Noted historian:[237]

Achcar takes aim at the scholars... who have written major works on Nazi policy toward the Middle East in World War II and on the Arab response to those policies. He criticizes these historians of Nazi-Arab collaboration for contributing to a “hegemonic narrative” according to which a majority of Arabs are portrayed by these authors of “anti-Arab propaganda” as having supported Nazism in the 1930s. For anyone who has read the works that he is referring to, The Arabs and the Holocaust is a frustrating book to read. Achcar criticizes texts without fairly presenting their arguments and their evidence. From reading Achcar, the reader would be unaware that in fact none of these scholars engages in generalizations about all Arabs. None of them assumes that opposition to Zionism was, in and of itself, tantamount to sympathy for Nazism, or that it was only the product of anti-Semitism. And much of what they discovered and examined forms the empirical foundation for Achcar’s own study...

The Arabs and the Holocaust has elements of candor and courage. It is a salutary development that someone with Achcar’s political views acknowledges the realities of the Nazi-Islamist wartime collaboration. It is important to be reminded of the history of a secular Arab leftism and liberalism that opposed fascism, Nazism, as well as Zionism. Achcar undermines these virtues of his book with superficial, unfair, and unreliable readings of those with whom he disagrees, above all those who fought fascism and Nazism on the basis of secular, liberal, and even leftist values yet still support Zionism. His attack on these scholars is neither a contribution to scholarship nor a contribution to moderation.

Professor in left-wing intellectual magazine criticizes heavily Achcar's treatment of Arab anti-Semitism, his attempts to rationalize, the excuse of ignorance, his ignoring such sweeping factors in Arab Palestine such as the poll of over 80% supporting Germany.[238]

Achcar also attempts to whitewash al-Qawuqji,[239] who baited Jews months after Nuremberg Laws.[74]

Not surprising, agenda driven Gilbert Achcar, who runs the Center for Palestine “Studies” at SOAS, he bullied out a British academic from their meetings, the academic was also smeared and banned from filming what really is going on at those lectures - brainwashing students, since he was first present at the infamous Abdel Bari Atwan (who declared in June, 2007, "If Iranian missiles hit Israel, I will dance in Trafalgar Square"), lectured there in May 2012.[240]


"Arabs bear no responsibility for Holocaust [sic]" the attempted-rewriter has been brainwashing students. While of course, the Arabs had a significant enough role in the Holocaust which makes Gilbert Achcar an Arab-role-in-the-Holocaust-denier.[241]

In a BBC 2 documentary hosted by comedian David Baddiel in Jan. 2021, Gilbert Achcar overtly excused the presence of Holocaust denial among "Palestinians."[242]


Conclusion on sweeping pro Nazism in Arab Palestine

Noted:


  • H. Erlich on major newspapers supporting Hitler.[110] (And Falastin since 1932/3[108][109]).


  • Author - (on el-Carmel stating in 1932 its fascists' inspiration and) “All parties were dragged along by the extremists of the Istiqlal, whose newspaper al-Difa'a became a Nazi propaganda pamphlet.”[50]


  • Nuremberg effect in rousing Arabs of Palestine: The great momentum of Nazi propaganda in the Middle East occurred in September 1935. When the "Nuremberg Laws" against the Jews were discovered and published, Hitler received greetings from all Arab countries and Islam. The largest number came from Palestine, where Nazi propaganda was strongest.[67]


  • NYT May 1937, how 'All' of Palestine celebrated Muhamnad's birthday with flying Nazi swastika and pictures of Hitler.[81]


  • Arabs' newspapers, urging the pupils to disobey Government Education Department issued orders prohibiting Arab pupils to participate in the May 1937 demonstrations.[82]


  • 1937, Doehle, German consul in Jerusalem: “Palestinian Arabs in all social strata have great sympathies for the new Germany and its Führer…”[89] Unveiled documents of Nazi official in Palestine writing to Berlin in 1937:[90]
    ‘Arabs admire our Fuhrer’ - “The Palestinian Arabs show on all levels a great sympathy for the new Germany and its Fuhrer, a sympathy whose value is particularly high as it is based on a purely ideological foundation,” a Nazi official in Palestine wrote in a letter to Berlin in 1937. He added: “Most important for the sympathies which Arabs now feel towards Germany is their admiration for our Fuhrer, especially during the unrests, I often had an opportunity to see how far these sympathies extend. When faced with a dangerous behaviour of an Arab mass, when one said that one was German, this was already generally a free pass.”


  • Awni Abd al-Hadi (leader of the Arab Independence Party and member of the Arab High Committee in Palestine) Feb 1937 general statement: ‘Arabs Like Nazis.’[78]


  • Shukeiri's testimony in his book about 1940, on all - sympathizing with the Nazis.[193]


  • Over 80% in Feb. 1941 poll - favoring the Axis.[194]


  • CIA Aug-1942 report on majority of the Palestinian Arabs fiercely "anti-Jewish" - resulting from Nazi propaganda.[196]


  • That the pro-Nazi Mufti represented the consensus of Palestine Arabs and had major backing of parties there. Per (anti-Israel author) Said's concession.[162][163][34][164]


  • Nazis' planned 'extermination of the Jews in Palestine,' (stopped by Desert Rats), relied on help that they awaited from many local Arabs ready to serve as willing accomplices of the Germans in the Middle East.[217]


  • An Egyptian, who visited the country in the days after the conquest of Berlin wrote: "The people cry in the morning and sob in the evening. And blow to their cheek between morning and evening."[76]


  • Reaction of most Arabs that heard of the fate of the Jews in Europe, 1942 - 'open joy.'[195]


If one Communist or two wrote something against Zionism and Fascism at the same time, or that there were Arab soldiers who were paid by Jews (who were the ones mobilized en masse) to join the Brits - do not change the overwhelming facts. Though Falastin & Ad-Difa changed tunes according to power, etc.[49] Yet, enough was the glorification of Hitler in 1932, in 1933 after Hitler assumed power and in 1934 to plant the seeds of venom, nor have they become less anti-Jewish while changing ("strategic") tunes. The trend in Arab press such as Ad-Difa still even a week before the end of WW2, because the Arab street applauds that;[243] the alarming of pro-Hitlerism "fresh" after the war, such as in Ad-Difa[244] and Alwahda[245] in 1946, proves this too - the hatred - unrelated to the winning side.

Naturally, Arab-Palestinian Leader Farouq Qaddoumi stated: We Supported The Nazis In WWII - as a general description.[246]


As it was put in 1949:[247]
There is hardly a single Arab leader today who in those days was not an ally of Nazi Germany. The Nazi-Arab partnership flourished at a time when the war was close to the gates of our country, and names such as Rashid Ali, Amin al-Husseini, etc. still symbolize the "glorious" period of this idyll. The ending, as recalled, was not so glorious.


Post Nazi period, recent

Nazism admiration never ceased.[248]

After the war, The Mufti and al-Kailani, reminds researcher:[135]
both Arab leaders continued their anti-Jewish and Islamist policies unimpeded after the end of the war: al-Kailani until 1965 and al-Husseini until 1974. Outside of Israel, Nazism had hardly been delegitimized in the Middle East, and its adherents often came to power after the war ended. The Iraqi al-Kailani staged a coup in Baghdad but failed. He was sentenced to death, then exiled to Beirut. Al-Husseini also found himself in Beirut, where he was active in the World Islamic Congress, which he founded in Jerusalem in 1931 (he opened a Berlin branch a year later). With robust backing, he rose to become the first "Global Grand Mufti." A mufti is a religious and legal authority who hands down rulings on everyday issues to believers in his jurisdiction. His late half-brother Kamil was the previous grand mufti of Jerusalem. Al-Husseini received the title in 1921, and in order to preserve and expand his transregional "Mideast-Europe" legacy after 1945, he chose as his representatives Said Ramadan for Europe, in Switzerland, and Yasser Arafat in the Middle East. The Mufti advised Arafat in 1968 to take over the Palestine Liberation Organization (which he headed until 2004) and "to liberate Palestine," operating out of Gaza with Fatah troops.

Journalist:[249] In the end, despite Hitler's best efforts, a grand Nazi-Islamic alliance wasn't to be... Yet the Nazis did succeed in one thing: poisoning the mind of many a Muslim against Jews. Anti-Semitic tropes propagated by the Third Reich, from medieval Christian blood libels to virulent conspiracy theories, have been grafted seamlessly onto old Islamic anti-Jewish prejudices, thereby gaining a new lease on life in the Muslim world.


Recalled in 1967:[250]

the Mufti was returned to his role after the war as leader of the Palestine question. He directed policy from a lavish and fortified home in Cairo and, as one of the Arab delegates to the United Nations in 1947 said, "the Mufti is the irrefutable leader of the Holy Land Arabs."


From Massuah, in 1974:[251]:

Antisemitic propaganda in Arab countries sowed hatred not only for the State of Israel but for Jews in general... Arab journalists praised Adolf Hitler 'the "hero" [as if] who fell in a "holy" war.'

In the last 25 years, since the establishment of the State of Israel, extensive literature has been published in Egypt and Lebanon that copied the racial theory and called for genocide against the Zionists and Israelis.

These books have often been published by official and government publishers. Racism has even been instilled in the textbooks of children of Arab countries. It is no coincidence that we were forced to disqualify parts of the textbooks that were accepted in Jordan and the Gaza Strip, under the Jordanian and Egyptian occupation. The "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" were published under the auspices of the Egyptian government and at its expense.

Since Nazi times, Cairo has been the only place where these "protocols" were published and widely distributed. Nasser himself recommended to visitors to him this book "which allows one to see inside the tricks [sic] of the Jews." Let us remember that important leaders of Arab countries of today were among those expecting a Nazi victory in World War II and some of them are admirers of Hitler, his entourage allies.

The Allied headquarters in Cairo, during World War II, forcibly prevented a development similar in Egypt to that which occurred with the Rashid Ali revolt in Baghdad.

The Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, made an alliance with Hitler and hoped for the destruction of the Jewish community in the country. "Mein Kampf", the protocols of the "Elders of Zion" and similar propaganda pamphlets are not invalid literature today in Arab countries. While there are now Arab leaders, writers and journalists who are ashamed of these publications, no order has yet been given to destroy this horrific propaganda literature. When the Arabs met in the territories with our soldiers and the citizens of Israel, they were surprised to see a humane attitude towards them and did not believe what they saw and said: "Jews do not hate us and you can live with Israelis" ... The Arabs thanked us today. We would have been treated differently, and who knows what kind of massacres and atrocities the world would have witnessed in such a case."

Historian:[35]

Husayni escaped indictment as a war criminal by shel­ter­ing in Egypt and the Le­banon. He died in 1974. But his legacy is very much alive to­day. We see it in the wide­spread sale of vis­ceral anti-Jewish (and not just antiZionist) literature in the Muslim world, and in the way in which Jews are por­trayed on Arab media. Collaboration between the Arab and Nazi worlds was in fact wide­spread in the mid-20th century. Arabs colluded with Nazis in the whole­sale demonisation of the Jewish people, and applauded and assisted in its whole­sale destruction Nazi fugitives from allied justice found safe havens in Arab lands. No amount of political correctness today — no amount of not-wishing to offend Muslim-sensitivities — can wipe away this past.

The truth is that, internally, the Arab world, and especially the Palestinians, have never hidden their sympathy for Nazism... But for foreign purposes, the Palestinian Arab movement and its supporters in the West present the opposite view.[252]

Holocaust survivor, longtime Congressman, the late Tom Lantos writing in 2002:[253]
Writing in 1986, Middle East scholar Bernard Lewis explained contemporary Arab antisemitism as a reaction to the sense of humiliation Arabs feel at repeated military defeats at Israel's hands, blows made all the more painful because they were inflicted by a people, Jews, long presumed to be inferior.

According to Lewis, Arabs were accustomed to viewing Jews as no better than "a tolerated subject minority, and ... by appearing as conquerors and rulers the Jews [in Arab reckoning] have subverted God's [sic] order for the universe."

Whatever its cause, the cancer of antisemitism has metastasized and spread throughout the Arab world. Jews, both as Israelis and simply as Jews, are demonized daily in the Arab press, electronic media, and textbooks, often with ugly illustrations and "political" cartoons on a par with the worst of Julius Streicher's Die Sturmer. Indeed, Nazi-style imagery and conspiracy-thinking abound in the Arab world, and all the ills of the world are attributed to "the Jews." As.. article in the New York Times noted, "Stay in a five-star hotel anywhere from Jordan to Iran, and you can buy the infamous forgery Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Pick up a newspaper in any part of the Arab world and you regularly see a swastika superimposed on the Israeli flag."

This worsening problem carries dire implications for the Arab-Israeli conflict, adding a racist and religious-warfare dimension to an already exceedingly difficult political problem. Moreover, in an obscenely bizarre twist, the Middle East may now be exporting to Europe the antisemitism it originally imported from there. Since the latest phase of Arab violence against Israel began in September 2000, there have been hundreds of antisemitic incidents reported in Europe, particularly in France.

Some of the ugliest examples of Arab antisemitism came in the wake of the September 11 attacks on the United States, as detailed in this important publication. The Arab media reaction to the September 11 horror reflected all the elements of Nazi-style defamation, particularly, Jewish [sic] conspiracy.

Here we can read the now-famous claims that Mossad organized the September 11 attacks; that 4,000 Jewish employees, forewarned, avoided work at the World Trade Center that day; and that Jews [sic] exploited their foreknowledge of the tragedy to profit from the stock market.

We observe the shocking sense of cultural inferiority self-serving but nonetheless real of Arab commentators who "prove" Jewish [sic] complicity in the September 11 murders by pointing out that "only the Jews are capable of planning such an incident, because it was planned with great precision of which Osama bin Laden or any other Islamic organization or intelligence apparatus is incapable." And we learn of the grisly, Nazi-type punishment one Egyptian cleric wishes on the Jews of America.

But the totality of what is presented in the following pages also reflects a sad reality: the Arab world's inability, first, to come to terms with the fact that Arabs planned and carried out the evil deeds and, second, to reflect productively on how and why that happened. Such is the classic utility the antisemite finds in his antisemitism: scape-goating Jews for problems of his own making.


A noted Orientalist, conducting a poll in Arabic, in 2019: "If Adolf Hitler was alive today and was tried, what do you think is the sentence that the leader of the German Third Reich deserves...??" - most found him "innocent."[254]


Not unrelated. From the other side. An Oct/2021 report:[255]
Neo-Nazis, White Supremacists Attempt To Revive WWII-Era Nazi-Palestinian Alliance: Gaza Conflict Provides Opportunity For Them To Promote And Actualize 'Final Solution,' With Online And On-The-Ground Efforts, Emerging Support For Terror Groups Hamas And Hizbullah And For Their Shared Mission Of Attacking Jews Worldwide.

Hitler’s Mein Kampf book was a hit as soon as it was published in 1999 - in 2000 the fifth edition was printed. According to British historian, Hitler's admiration for the Arab world stems first and foremost from the ease with which he succeeded in exterminating Jews.

A study by the German government among Arab youth in the State of Israel revealed that Hitler is at the top of the list of young boys' figures they admire.[256]

There is an "intersection between the mufti and his Nazi camp visits and today's hatred of Israel and Jewish symbols."[257]

Indeed Nazi symbolism, is never uncommon[258][259][260] at Arab Palestinians. And "too many Palestinians continue to play the Nazi card over and over again in some creatively destructive ways in the media, mosques and madrassas."[261]

That, in addition to, using Nazi propaganda to indoctrinate hate at children[262][263] and belittling the Holocaust.[264][265][266]


Historian:[156]

Although the Allies destroyed the Third Reich, what has lived on is the Nazi spirit. This spirit of hatred festered through the relationship between Amin Al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, and Hitler.


Post WW2 Arab Nazi alliances


Of the first noted 'beginners' Arabs, continuing Mufti's legacy of Arab-Nazi cooperation, post WW2, are:


  • The Arab Office in Washington, particularly via Arab “Palestinian” Anwar Nashashibi, already in 1946. At least.[267]


... in Colombia anti-Semitism is spread mainly by Arabs from Syria, out of envy of the commercial talents of the new Jewish immigrants in this country. The Arabs are acting in collaboration with Nazis who have been released from detention. In recent months, there have been two cases of blood libel in Colombia.


  • The Mufti, Kaukji and Salim Idris:

From a 1951 report:[269] The ex-Mufti al-Husseini and Salim Idris سلیم ادریس - Secretary General of the Permanent Office of Palestine in Beirut are the link between the Nazi center in Cairo and the court of Farouk and the Arab League.

Nazi agents and former German generals sit in all the capitals of Arab countries working tightly with Fawzi Qauakji, who in Nov-1951 had visited Latin America and the Nazi "colonies" in those countries, and other Arab personalities, from former Hitler's associate. German-Nazi advisers in the training of Arab armies. Hundreds of Nazis, SS men, formerly German generals and colonels, recruited by Kaukji and Nazi spy Miller in Germany and transferred via Rome to Damascus and Cairo. German pilots work as experts and instructors in Egypt.


By 1953, the Nazis’ expertise expanded, and with it, admiration of Hitler grew, resurfaced. [270]


  • Pan-Arabist nationalist, Nasser was a Hitler admirer,[271] and of the Mufti's,[272] had a slew of former SS Nazis,[273] not just as military helpers but in ideology too: some as political advisers and experts on 'Jewish affairs.'[274][271]

When Nasser took on the Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s': During this period, the Grand Mufti maintained close relations with the burgeoning Nazi exile community in Cairo, while cultivating ties to right-wing extremists in the United States and other countries.[275] - Mufti's disciple, Von Leer "Omar" activities at least in 1959 and the 1960s with the United Arab Republic.[276][277] Indeed, Egypt,[250] Nasserism - UAR[276] became a center for Arab ex-Nazi link.


  • Erwin Schönborn, in the 1950s' was West Berlin’s most active Jew-baiter.

Distributed Nazi propaganda, primarily in Arabic in 1976 Innsbruk Olympics and held Nazi-Arab events.[278] He was chairman of various neo-Nazi splinter groups and of a 'German-Arab Society.'[279] played the "anti-imperialism" spiel.[280] He was chairman of various neo-Nazi splinter groups and of a 'German-Arab Society.'[279]


  • The neo-Nazi "German Social Movement," had relations with the Arab League. Among other things, it held a convention in 1957 in Freudenstadt. It featured numerous addresses, most of them marked by anti-Semitic innuendoes, delivered by a number of open devoteees of Hitler. Chief among these was, Karl Priester, former Hitler Youth and S.S. leader who heads now the movement and edits its anti-Semitic monthly magazine.[279]


  • In 1958, it was reported that: ‘Nazi-Arab organizations operate in West Germany under 18 names.’[281]



  • Mufti's ally, Issa Nakhleh, his Palestine Arab Delegation and beyond, in the years: 1960s - through the early 1980s.


  • An early 1964 report:[284]
Arabs distribute Nazi material in West Germany. One of the pamphlets justifies the persecution of the Jews throughout history and by Hitler...



  • Asides from (Palestine born) Jorge Sabaj Zurob in Chile via his pro- Hitler[285]La Reforma / Mundo Arabe (- editor of both[286]) reprinted, elaborated on the od fraudulent "Protocols,"[287] and (Palestine born) Issa Nakhleh in the 1950s in Argentina, then Arab League's attaché Hussein Triki's publication and activities with Tacuara there in the 1960s, the cocktail of Nazi fugitives and (radicals among) Arab immigrants have brought about, what was described in 1975, as the Jews sitting on the opening of a volcano.[288]
Argentine Jewry sits on the opening of a volcano, say emissaries who have been there these days. According to them, the earth is burning beneath the feet of the Jews not only in Argentina but in other extensive parts of the South American continent. The greenhouse, where Nazi refugees and tens of thousands of Arab immigrants found refuge, began to bear rotten fruits.


Nazi Mufti today


The Grand Mufti is still glorified, such as by "moderate" Arab Palestinian Mahmoud Abbas in 2013,[289] and in 2016 at National Security Forces of - PA.[290] And in 2019 a PA official:Nazi-collaborator Mufti is leader and 'role model.'[291] Though, for political purposes, the Palestinian Authority has been -generally- downplaying "its Nazi orientation."[292] Especially to the outside world.[252]

The PA has named at least one school after the Nazi collaborator - the Amin Al-Husseini Elementary School in El-Bireh, the current PA Mufti has honored his predecessor by laying a wreath on his grave, and the PA National Security Forces have highlighted Al-Husseini on Facebook and in 2019 on the anniversary of his death, Abbas’ advisor praised Nazi collaborator as “role model”.[293]

Still, more often, while the PLO chose trying to deal with Mufti true Nazi record by pushing a vicious blame lie on the Holocaust, Hamas is more expressing the line that the Mufti's war was "just."[124]

(Whereas in the wider Arab world, the Mufti chapter has been largely silenced,[294] some like biographer, at Mohammed El Taher on the Mufti, have been rewriting history and white washing and sugarcoating.[295])


Contradictory anti-Semitism


Islamic Anti-Semitism today: denies and or diminishes the Holocaust while contradictory using Nazi symbols which proves that the Holocaust did happen, then at times attaching the label on its enemy - is all motivated by hatred and an all out frustration that the Mufti’s support for extermination became a disappointment in history as Nazism became associated with evil.[296][256]


Eichmann-ism


Outrageously rotten to the core, as (late as 2021) the official “moderate” PA flatters a three generation family of terrorists who adopted the name Eichmann, inspired by that arch Nazi butcher.[297]

  • Fawzi Salem al-Mahdi [فوزي سالم المهدي] known as "Abu Hitler,” [ابو هتلر] a senior commander in Arafat's bodyguard unit, "Force 17," whose two sons bear the first names Hitler and Eichmann.[298][299][300][301][302]


Nazi display


The outrage at Nazi display is greater when official "Palestinians" cheer to it or in almost all cases don't intervene. Far worse is when "Palestinian" official police are the ones perpetrating it. Such as on its official media, and "Palestinian" police,[303] security.[304] Unlike one isolated rare incident by a loner on the opposite side in 1997, with a drawing that offended Muslims, when she was condemned across the board in Israel and incarcerated for three years.[305][306] At times the Palestinian Authority for example promoted Nazi symbolism events, without directly commenting on it.[307]

At the same time, Arab-Palestinian moderates' perversion of the Holocaust is alarming at least since the 1980s.[308]

An Arab-Palestinian writer: "Hamas uses Hitler-like methods that Will doom the Palestinian People."[309]


At the end of WW2


March 1945.
Though the Mufti was arrested, his entourage, his followers Arab feudal lords ... continue to persue their Fascist policy. Interviews given at the ... Pan-Arab congress by prominent "advisers" of the Arab rulers, reveal a perturbing picture of the mentality of these Arab overlords. King Ibn Saud's adviser, Sheik Youssef Yussin was quoted in a fascistic statement on that March 1945 congress. Which proved to be but an example of the entire group.[310]


Still:[243]

A week before the end of the war in Europe, the editor of Al-Ittihad [الإتحاد‎] asked an 'important activist' about the meaning of the current trend in some newspapers (his intention was probably for Difa'e [الدفاع], but Falastin [فلسطين‎] had to adapt to its rival in order not to lose circulation) to highlight the speeches of Hitler and Himmler and the Warwolf, to deceive the reader as if Nazism still has hope to win, and to weaken confidence in the unity of the Western allies and SSSR. The important activist replied that this trend satisfies the will of the people and increases the distribution.


Shortly after WW2


  • Nov 1945.

Noted in Dec 1, 1945:[311]

the Palestine Arabic newspaper Falastin, for instance, attacked the Nuremberg trials, asserting that the Allies had no right to try nazis and nazism since this was a political ideology just as democracy and socialism are.


  • (Dec 25 1945) - Jan 1946.

New Year of 1946, Arab newspapers in Jaffa published the "will" of Hitler with great prominence. The Islamic[20] Ad-Difaa (Al Difa) الدفاع, in honor of the Christian holiday has put at the top of the issue a picture of the "Fuhrer."[244]


  • Apr 1946.

Months after WW2, the Jaffa based Arab newspaper Al-Sirat (Originally: As-Sirat) - الصراط publishes Nazi-style anti-Jewish incitement, rationalizing European persecution of Jewry.[312]


  • May 1946.

The 'Anti-Nazi League' in US had presented evidence based on 'original documents' of Arab Office in Washington working with Neo Nazis in the US in propagating hatred. In particular correspondence by Arab "Palestinian" Anwar Nashashibi [النشاشيبي، أنور 1913-2005].[267]


  • May 1946.

Arab guards who passed via a van through Bnei Brak, stopped and began to paint swastikas on the walls of the Jewish houses. The police forced them to clean the walls with their bear hands.[313]


  • 1946.

The Arabic الوحدة al-Wahda - Newspaper in Jerusalem, as quoted in June 1946, glorified Hitler.[245]


  • June 1946.

Three Arab women swastikas cause brawl on Jaffa Street in Jerusalem. [314]


  • Jamal Husseini & Ahmad Shukeiri, in 1946, rationalize the genocide of 6,000,000 Jews

1946.
Both, Jamal Husseini and Ahmad Shukeiri had reiterated Goebbels ideology and had justified the Holocaust of systematically massacring 6,000,000 Jews.[168]


Laying the cornerstone for contradictory nightmare kingdom of propaganda, in which the principle of non-contradiction is suspended in favor of a rather malicious target,[256] (that continues strongly today [315]) months earlier, Shukeiri casted President Truman's stand, as Nazis on trial in Nuremberg. After Truman upon hearing about refugees' plight's, in Nov-1945 sent a letter to Attlee concerning resettlement of Jewish refugees in Palestine [87], Shukeiri as Director of the Jerusalem Arab Office, commented: "I regard President Truman's repeated declarations in favor of Zionism as a sign of the decline of American democracy. Capitalistic tyranny and angling for the vote of the five million Jews are the direct cause of this... I would have thought that this latest declaration was made by one of the great Nazi leaders who had escaped prosecution at Nuremberg..."[316]


  • 1946.

Jamal Husseini and Ahmad Shukeiri, declare at the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry that the Mufti is Arabs' "only" leader, and there's no substitute. While Hitler's atrocities still vivid on everyone's mind.
Description of the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry: Hourani's testimony seemed to the Arabs too moderate, at least in its style if not in its context. And Ahmad Shukeiri, who spoke after him, tried to "correct" that impression. His fiery speech, full of threats, overt and covert, and full of eagerness to battle, did blur the impression of Hourani's testimony, but it is highly doubtful that this blurring might have brought any benefit to the Arabs.

To the hearts of a dozen people near and far at the scholars' table, Hourani's remarks penetrated and left a sevenfold strong impression from the fiery fire of hatred and the zealous war spirit of Ahmad Shukeiri, to the ridiculously bordering grotesque which brought his style.

The blind zeal and flaming hatred in Jamal Husseini and Ahmad Shukairy's words and their extremism, gave the impression that here and there in the blink of an eye they would pull knives out of the folds of their clothes and open with a real slaughter. The style of their remarks certainly did not strengthen the hands of the committee to leave the fate of the Jewish minority in their hands.

The clinging of the Arabs to the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, did not add much strength and power to them. The year was 1946. The memory of Hitler and his atrocities was still alive in the heart of everything, and aroused disgust. Thus they all found reason to flaw in the Arabs' statement that the Mufti is "their only leader who has no substitute." The bad impression due to the Arabs' adherence to the Mufti is strengthened when Crossman asks them whether the Arabs fought for democracy. Receiving a positive answer he repeatedly asked: Do you think the Nazis are a democratic movement! After being denied, Kram also intervened and posed a question on the same matter and was answered with an unreserved declaration of allegiance to the Mufti. Crossman then released the famous photograph in which the Mufti was seen surveying companies of Muslim volunteers in Serbia, who had enlisted in the Hitler Army on the Mufti's initiative. The Arabs were embarrassment.[317] This was repeated by Arab representative in UN in 1947, stating: "the Mufti is the irrefutable leader of the Holy Land Arabs."[250]


  • 1946.

Glorification of cooperation with Hitler at Arab villages.
An Intelligence 1946 report: [177]

Arab leaders who had fled the country during the war and cooperated with Hitler, began to return to Palestine with the full consent of the British authorities.

Among those who returned were Nimr el-Hattab, Amin el-Khouri, Subhi el-Hadra, and Jamal el-Husseini. Only the Mufti himself, Haj Amin el-Husseini, was not granted an entry visa, since even the British realized that that it would be carrying the policy of appeasement to impossible lengths. It was nevertheless made possible for him to "escape" from confinement, cross the country under an assumed name, and reach Egypt, where he was taken under the protection of King Farouk. Not many days passed before the Mufti, chief inciter of the anti-Jewish riots and close friend and collaborator of Hitler, began to make his influence felt throughout the country. News reaching the intelligence section said:

"The Mufti's agents are appearing in Arab villages, making speeches, and inciting to violence." — "Cash from the Mufti's treasury in Egypt is coming in for the purchase of arms for the coming 'Holy War.'" — "The Mufti is becoming almost legendary among the Arabs. Wonderful stories are being told of his meetings with Hitler and Mussolini." — "Arabs arriving from neighboring countries tell of widespread volunteering to the Syrian army in preparation for the day when it will invade Palestine and drive out the Jews."

Research:[124]

After World War II, Haj Amin was accepted as a hero in Egypt and Palestine. In 1946, Hassan al-Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, called Husseini "a hero who challenged the empire and Zionism with the help of Hitler and Germany. Germany and Hitler are no more, but Amin al-Husseini will continue the struggle." A similar attitude of admiration was shown by the Arab Supreme Council and the Palestinian People's Party, which elected him their leader in 1945. In 1948, Amin al-Husseini was the commander of the Palestinian forces during the War of Independence, whose goal was to occupy and destroy the Jewish community.


  • 1946/7.

In Arabs' search for ex-Nazi officers to train units to fight the Jews, by the end of 1946, beginning of 1947, Nazi officers were "liberated" and have been smuggled into Palestine, where they were employed as instructors by "Futuwa" and "Nejada."[318]


1947 Palestine Partition Plan


  • Nov-Dec 1947.

As the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was declared on 29 November 1947, Arab Higher Committee demanded from the British that they refrain from intervening in the violence which Arab gangs unleashed with 5 hours of the Partition plan. In its leaflet it wrote: "The Arabs have taken the final solution to the Jewish problem," The overt reference to a "final solution" - Hitler's code name for the extermination of European Jews - was not accidental, as the Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, declared a jihad and had: Army of Sacred Jihad and the Rescue Army. Plus, as the supreme religious leader of the Palestinian Arabs, he called for the recruitment of every Arab city and village into its ranks.[319]


Pre- and duration of the 1948 war


  • 1947/8.

Muslim Bosnians trained by the Nazis later volunteered to fight against Israel in 1948. Some 890 volunteers from Yugoslavia and Albania were in the Middle East by April 1948, before Israel's declaration of independence on May 15, 1948.[320][247] By the beginning of 1948, Black International - an army of 30,000 veterans of fascist military forces. Some were in action already in attack against Jewish settlements, others are undergoing rapid special training in Syria.

The army is composed of former Nazi soldiers, remnants of Gen. Vlassov's renegade Soviet battalion, remnants of Gen. Anders Polish army, as well as pro-Nazi Poles, Yugoslavs and Moslems whom the Mufti originally organized into a Moslem brigade to fight alongside the Germans. Furthermore, the bodies of pro-Nazi Poles have already been found among the attackers of our colonies whom we killed. What's more, the Haifa commander of the so-called Arab revolt is a German.

Commenting, source said: "These Poles, Russians, Germans and Yugoslavs... are the Arabs fighting for national liberation," he said bitterly. "Actually their cynical joy is unbounded at the double gift which has been handed them—the opportunity to butcher Jews, and get paid for it."

And a meeting of Black International was observed being held in Syria.[321] By the Dec of 1947, it's confirmed that various European guides, Nazi prisoners of war, former soldiers at Nazi Wehrmacht as well those in the 'Afrika Korps’, and other foreigners are already participating in the training of the Arab gangs.[98] Per a Jan 13, 1948 report, about 30 POW Nazis are participating in the battles of the Arab gangs, 15 of them as instructors in the Hebron area. Four Nazis command a gang of 200 Arabs in the Jerusalem area. [322] Three of the five Egyptian pilots who were shot down on May 22 in the Haifa area were neither Egyptians nor Arabs. They are believed to be Nazi Germans.[323]


  • April 1948.

On April 25, 1948, at Operation Yevusi, at the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, a building's occupants had hastily abandoned it, and a German flag with a black swastika in the center was found.[324]


  • April 1948.

When the forces conquered Katamon, in the south of Jerusalem, they found inside a house Nazi flags that the Arabs were provided by their Nazi friends with the Mufti's endeavor. The flags were ready for "in due course." This is how the Arabs imagined the end of the war with the Jews.[325]



  • Oct 1948.

Pro-Nazi general Fawzi al-Qawuqji (who was at the pro-Nazi coup d'etat in 1941 Baghdad,[326][327] who had been in charge of broadcasting Nazi propaganda in the Arab world during Second World War II[184][328]), under his leadership/battle, in the Galilee, in a room next to a mosque built on remains of an ancient wall of a Hebrew synagogue, there was a shocking painting: an Arab battle plane with a swastika on its wings bombing a Hebrew Magen David Adom ambulance, and the wounds of the passengers bleeding: in front of the ambulance and behind it two Arab armored vehicles with large swastikas. Lethal fire was fired at the ambulance from the Arab plane.[329]


1950’ and on


  • 1950s.

In 1960, it was revealed by a weekly popular German magazine,[330] that Eichnann helped the "Palestinian" terrorists Fedayeen with weapons.

Adolf Eichmann continued his war against Jews at the end of World War II with the help of zealous Arabs - writes the widely circulated West German weekly "Bunte Deutsche Illustrierte".

The weekly illustrated publishes a message, given to his correspondent Bruno Arnold, in the Sinai desert, by "Sheikh Ahmad," whose identity has not been disclosed. "Eichmann, who exterminated more Jews than all of us together, provided us with the weapons we are fighting against Israel. We swore to die and not leave Palestine in the hands of the Jews. We will kill them wherever they are," the Sheikh said.

The weekly's correspondent adds that after the Sinai War, Fedayeen operations against Israeli farmers in the Negev decreased, but "new assassinations, on a larger scale, are being prepared." "These operations," the reporter stresses, "are organized by former Nazis who found refuge in the Near East."

Eichmann's link was already noted in Dec 1956.[331]


  • 1950s.

There was a period of friendship between Ahmed Shukeiri and Hans Rechenberg, a former Wehrmacht officer who had previously served as a senior official in the Nazi Interior Ministry of Wilhelm Frick. For about ten years, Rechenberg has been working closely with François Genoud who also aided "Palestinian" terror organizations.[169]


  • 1950s, 1972, 1980s

Palestine born Arab Issa Nakhleh, Mufi linked,[332], was part of emissaries [teamed with Nazi collaborator[187] Akram Zuaiter] to Latin America in order to invoke, inflame antisemitism among Catholics, sent by Arab League programs which began in 1947.[333]

- He glorified the Hitler regime, in the 1950s through his publication in Argentina.[334]

- At those years, Nazi-Arab cooperation in South America grew dangerously. One of the most important centers for the publication of pro-Nazi newspapers and antisemitic literature were there in Argentina. But also in many other Latin American countries.[335]


- Under his activity in the "Palestinian delegation", its postage meter was used to mail material for neo-Nazi advertising that had previously carried the headline: "Adolf Hitler: the George Washington of Europe."[336]


- Long articles by the "delegation" have been reprinted in Common Sense, The Cross and the Flag. The 'Palestine Arab Delegation' also maintained relations with the Neo-Nazi National Renaissance Party.[336]


- On December 30, 1963, Nakhleh wrote to infamous fascist "Canadian Fuhrer" Adrien Arcand.[337] Oblivious, or unaware, this Arcand referred in derogatory terms to Arab Palestinian restaurants.[338]


-Nakhleh was featured speaker at the March 7, 1969 Arab propaganda meeting, Invitations to the meeting were sent to persons on the mailing lists of prominent neo Nazis, supremacists.[332]


- As head of 'Palestine Arab Delegation,' on Nov 14, 1972 Nakhleh denied the Holocaust, flat out, publicly.[339] In his cruelty also to hurt millions of survivors just 27 years after, he uttered the words "the millions are alive."[340]


- He worked with Neo Nazis and revisionists in the 1980s[341][342] including as: "Legal Adviser to the World Muslim Conference."[343][344][345]


- At a convention of the Federation of Islamic Associations in the United States and Canada Inc. (FIA), on July 29, 1984 in Detroit, Hajji Abdullah Ahmad of Philadelphia distributed literature denying that six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust. Nakhleh delivered a speech in which he praised the anti-Semitic father Charles Coughlin (1891-1979) who worked in the area as well as the anti-Semitic propaganda that Henry Ford distributed there in his anti-Semitic book. (Lamented the few participants in the conference and the lack of members of Congress compared to what happens at conferences of Israeli supporters). He praised Farrakhan.[346]



  • 1957.

Swastika by some Arabs in Nazareth, influenced by and against the backdrop of Nasser's threat to annihilate Israel. (It appears, this was not out in the open).[347]


  • Oct 1959.

Arab drawing swastikas in Haifa, fined.[348]


  • 1959-1960.

In the late 1959 and early 1960, the eruption of anti-Jewish vandalism is known as the swastika wave or epidemic. It began in Cologne. A Jan 1960 report elaborated on United Arab Republic with help from Communists in East Germany were behind swastikas in Cologne. Mufti's disciple who converged to Islam, Von Leers, is a chief instigator. It is believed also that the UAR helps out in Nazi hate activity in the US.[276][349][350]

The Ex-mufti brought Von Leers to Egypt, German Authorities believed.[351] Goebbels' Johannes “Omar Amin” von Leers (d. 1965), was a Nazi disciple of Hajj Amin el-Husseini.[352][277]


  • 1960.

Alarm at a growing phenomenon by certain circles of Arabs in Israel caught up in Nazi ideology. Some publicly express their sorrow that the Nazis did not turn all the Jews into soap.[353]


  • 1960s-1970s.

Nazi link with “Palestinian” terrorists.
François Genoud [Genaud] was one of the founders of the Nazi party in Switzerland during the Hitler era; ally of Ibrahim Hafid - commander of the Arab Legion who fought in the service of Hitler. Motivated by Jew-hatred he became a passionate supporter of Arab "liberation" causes.[354]

He travelled to Berlin frequently during the war "to see his friend the grand mufti," and visited him afterward many times in Beirut,[355] and an Arab of Tunisian descent, Ibrahim Hafid, who was the commander of the Arab Legion fighting in the service of the Germans.[354][356]

After the war, his close contact was Ibrahim Hafid's man, Abdul Yousufi. Genaud was very active in Die Spinne (German for "The Spider")[354] helping Nazi war criminals escape justice. The "Arab Commercial Bank" - mostly of a dubious and illegal nature - was established by: François Genoud in partnership with Hans Reichenberg - former S.S. Officers - and with various factors in the Arab world. Genoud began to finance in Switzerland the activities of the "Friends of the Palestinians Organization" founded in Lausanne by neo-Nazi circles who saw helping the Palestinians as a way of expressing their anti-Jewish feelings.[354] In the 1960s he began supplying arms for various "Palestinian" causes. His co founded Lausanne-based New European Order organisation, met in Barcelona in April 1969, there "Palestinian" groups received financial support and Genoud placed them in contact with former Nazis who would assist their military training, as well as pledged support designated for the PLO.

Genoud was a close associate of George Habash and Jacques Vergès. In September 1969 he contributed finances for the legal expenses of three Palestinians from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) following their attack on an El Al flight in Zurich, present at trial.[357][354] Including among the prisoners to be exchange for the Achille Lauro hostages was one of West Germany's top neo Nazis.[357]

George Habbash was also close with former Belgian Nazi collaborator Jean Thiriart. [358] He gave money to Thiriart's publication La Nation Européenne, which in return supported Habbash in this magazine. Pro-Arab and anti-Jewish themes were explicit in La Nation Européenne, which included ads for The International Jew, the infamous anti-Semitic screed by Henry Ford. La Nation Européenne also eulogized Roger Courdroy, a Belgian Waffen SS veteran who was killed fighting for the Palestinians in June 1968. Courdroy was a close collaborator with Thiriart.

German Wehrmacht officer in World War II, Otto Ernst Remer was in contact with Yasser Arafat, "I know Mr. Arafat quite well, natürlich," he asserted. "I saw him many times. He invited me to eat at his headquarters. I knew all his people. They wanted many things from us." For Remer, anyone who was an enemy of Israel was his friend, particularly when a profit could be turned. He claimed to have brokered several business deals between West German companies and the PLO.[359]

-The W German neo-Nazi Karl von Kyna, fighting for "Palestinians" against Israel, fell in a commando raid on the Suez front in September 1967.[275]

-A handful of W Germans subsequently joined the Hilfskorp Arabien (Auxiliary Corps Arabia), which had been advertised in Gerhard Frey's Deutsche National-Zeitung in 1968.

-Two years later, West German police arrested Udo Albrecht, founder and leader of the Freikorps Adolf Hitler, who was founded carrying an identification card linking him to El Fatah, the largest PLO faction, led by Yasser Arafat. Albrecht and twelve other neo-Nazi militants had fought alongside the Palestinians against Jordan's King Hussein during the battle of Black September, 1970.[359] Albrecht, who boasted of direct access to PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat, is believed to have used PLO facilities in Lebanon to train West German neo-Nazis.[360] An alarming report was given over already in March 1970: Nazis and neo-Nazis aid "Front for the Liberation of Palestine" operations.[361]

-Per report in April 1969:[362] Fatah terrorists conducted training camps in the Venezuelan mountains, where young people are training in urban guerrilla warfare. The terrorists are in contact with former Nazis living in Venezuela.

-In 1977 Fatah made a deal with the French Work (L'Oeuvre Francaise), a neo-Nazi group, to train its members in terrorist operations on behalf of Fatah.[363][364]


  • Jan 8, 1960.

Arabs draw swastika on the office of the m. Governor in Gush Halav.[365]


  • October 1961.

The Palestine Liberation Delegation - PAD, under Issa Nakhleh and Omar Azouni,[366] sent to all U.N. delegations a formal statement by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem declaring: The enmity of Nazis to Jews was based [sic] on well-documented research and studies..."[367][368]


  • May 1962.

Arab from the village of Deir al-Asad, employed as a mechanic drew swastikas on the main road between Haifa and Acre. He tried to claim he drew chickens. However, photos presented by the prosecution showed the "chicken" were in fact swastikas.[369]


  • Nov 30, 1962.

Ahmad Shuekiri [Al-Shukairy, Shukairy, shuqayri] has spread vile Nazi type of propaganda at the UN[170] and on November 30, 1962 had promoted neo-Nazi stormtroop gang[171][172][173][175] who guarded monsters: Adolf Eichmann, 'Dr. Death' - J. Mengele,[176] and months earlier, had kidnapped, tortured a 19-year-old Jewish girl and carved swastika on her body,[370][371] telling her it was avenge for eliminating Eichnann.[372] After being called out by Latin American officials, realizing there is shame in that, he tried to rewrite his action to switch it around. But no one bought his act. His hateful record was already witnessed and his mentioning the NYT article,[171] there the NYT clearly states the gang's nazi nature.[373] Weeks after the storm about it, Saudi Arabia's Faisal removed Shukairy from his UN post.[374][375][174]


  • 1963.

Two Haifa area Arabs were arrested, suspects in painting swastikas on the walls of houses in the Jezreelia housing complex in Neve Sha'anan.[376]


  • Sep 1963.

Young Arab arrested for drawing swastikas on houses in Bnei Brak.[377]


  • May 1965.

After the Syrians hanged Eli Cohen, Arabs drew swastikas in Tarshiha.[378]


  • 1965.

A Jewish girl fell victim of violence by Arabs from Tarshiha who drew swastikas on the window of a Kupat Cholim clinic where she worked. She reported this to the police and since then she has been harassed and more than once threatened with death.[379]


  • 1966/7.

Pre 1967 war, at schools in Khan Yunis, Gaza, Nazi propaganda version: An Arab soldier in a German steel helmet breaks into Israeli territory. Dubbed ‘Hate schools.’[380]


  • 1968-1970s.

Once Arafat became head of the PLO in 1968, he continued the mufti's methods and approach. ‘Mein Kampf’ was required reading in some Fatah training camps.[272] - Arafat characteristically bought Hitler's Mein Kampf in bulk and distributed it to his followers in Arab translation under the title My jihad.[381] - In 1978, an Arabic translation of Adolf Hitler's "Mein Kampf" with a foreword by Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, fount at Fatah facilities in Lebanon.[382][383]


  • 1972.

Neo-Nazi, Willi Pohl, aided Palestinian perpetrators of 1972 Munich massacre.[384]


1973-2009. The racist Islamic Movement's inciting Sheikh Raed Salah who also made references to the medieval blood-libel,[385] reminisced about a 1973 highschool swastika drawing. While laughing he was telling the story of the drawing a big swastika on the board to await the one Jewish teacher he had. As the teacher didn't noticed it at first, the students directed the teacher to the board and to see his response.[386]


  • Nov 1974.

At Arab demonstrations for PLO, at Qalandiya, a flag was raised embracing a swastika.[387]


  • April 1976.

Erwin Schönborn, founder of the ‘German-Arab community’ in Heidelberg and editor of ‘Nation Europa,’ the leading West German neo-Nazi publication. Under the guise of anti-imperialism, he sang the praises of nonaligned movements in the Third World. Typical was this spiel by him.[280] In the 1950s' was West Berlin’s most active Jew-baiter. In 1956 had issued a call for formation of a "German-Arab Community" the purpose of which will be the "coordination of the political battles for freedom of the German people and of the Arab nations."[388]

He was chairman of various neo-Nazi splinter groups and of a 'German-Arab Society.'[279]

In Feb 1976, in a report titled 'Nazis incite in Arabic,' it was reported that Erwin Schoenborn distributed to attendees of Innsbruck 1976 Winter Olympics, leaflets in 8 languages but the first was in Arabic, denying the Holocaust, protesting hunting former Nazis and announcing on upcoming so-called "Euro-Arab sympathy conference" setting a certain date "to mark the anniversary" of a Palestinian-Arab battle pre State of Israel in April.[278]

He publicly, repeatedly, denied the Holocaust. In 1979, he was sentenced to 18 months' jail for defamation, libel and coercion arising from his propaganda attacks against trials of former Nazis.[389]


  • 1976.

On Jerusalem campus, at days of clashes between Arab and Jewish students, candles lit in memory of the victims of the Holocaust were removed, on Holocaust and Heroism Memorial Day, Swastikas were drawn in different places in the dormitories, and as well as on the door of the dormitory manager's room.[390]


  • July-1976.

The horrific separation between Jews and non-Jews at "Palestinian" hijacking July 1976, Entebee,[391][392] was so outrageous that it prompted Hans-Joachim Klein to abandon RZ (Revolutionary Cells) as this reminded WW2.[393] Though nothing can really compare to unique Auchwitz. But the separation brought up associations to when the trains left.[393]


  • May-June 1980.

Slogans and abusive graffiti were painted, such as "Death to the J--s," and even swastikas on the walls and windows of the Technion buildings in Haifa. On May 19, it was discussed in Knesset.[394]

On June 4th, some 150 Arab students marched through the university buildings, interrupted lectures and chanted slogans. Three days later, a swastika and the words "Death to the J..s" were painted on the doors of the Technion buildings.


  • 1981-2.

An Arabic translated versions of Hitler’s "Mein Kampf" being sold clandestinely in Cairo suburbs. The inscription, signed by the "Vanguards of the Palestine Revolution," warned Egyptians not to continue the peace process as their Israeli partners were "subhuman [sic] Marxist-spreading capitalist, exploiters.”[364]


  • Early 1980s

At the PLO headquarters, found at drawer, a pistol Parabellum (Luger). The eagle and the swastika were stamped on the pistol.[395]


  • 1982.

A picture of Arafat and the Nazi swastika are among the wall decorations of a room in the UNRWA school in Siblin (Seblin) - South Lebanon, which was turned into a terrorist training center by the PLO.[396][397]


  • April 1985.

In 1985, at a conference marking the thirtieth anniversary of the Bandung Conference, Arafat praised the Mufti and paid him great respect, saying he would be endlessly proud following in his footsteps; he stressed that the PLO continues to follow the path paved by the Mufti.[398]


  • 1985.

The 25 September 1985 "Palestinian " Arafat's Fatah's Force-17 attackers of a group of Israeli tourists in Cyprus, included an open neo-Nazi. [399][400]


  • Oct 1985.

Swastikas and slogans — “We're all PLO , all Palestinians, Jews out” – were painted on the doors of Jewish-owned shops in the Old City of Acre.[401]


  • 1987.

Arab nationalist graffiti and the drawing of swastikas on machines have become routine at shoe factory. "$100,000 in damage was caused," as a result of systematically and permanently damaging the machines and equipment. About 100 suspected Arab workers were let go.[402]


  • Jan 1988.

Swastikas and PLO flags on Jewish shops in Acre old city.[403]


  • Jan-Mar 1988.

Two incidents of swastikas drawing in an Arab school. In Jan, the identity of the Arab student was known.[404]


  • Feb 1988.

After incitement, swastikas and abusive graffiti on the walls as well as waving PLO. [405]


  • Mar 1988.

Dozens of swastikas were discovered in the toilets, in the general exhibition of Safed artists.[406]


  • April 1988.

A swastika and PLO slogans were painted at the tomb of Yehoshua Ben-Nun in the village of Kifl Haris near Ariel.[407]


  • Apr 1988.

At Arab disturbances, a painting of a swastika was discovered on the remains of the ancient synagogue in Shefar'am. [408]


  • June 18, 1988.

Intifadah days, Arabs set fire to a kiosk on the corner of Allenby and Yona Hanavi streets in Tel Aviv. The kiosk, belonging to Bnei Avishav, burned down completely. Police investigators discovered an Arabic inscription in the kiosk, which read: "Abu Jihad is dead. We are all a Palestinian struggle. We will burn the Jews." Next to the inscription was a drawing of a swastika and next to it was inscribed the name Hitler.[409]


  • June 1988.

At a wave of graffiti in support for PLO and against the State, about 20 swastikas were once again painted yesterday with black spray on walls in Tel Aviv, in Jaffa and Bat Yam, as well as on cars.[410]


  • Aug 13, 1988.

Six residents of Kiryat Moshe in Jerusalem complained that of engraved swastikas on their cars. (Days of Arab raging intifadah).[411]


  • Aug 18, 1988.

At a string of Arab intifadah violence, also swastikas were discovered in several places in Tel Aviv and Gush Dan, on sidewalks and house walls.[412]


  • Aug 17, 1988.

About 15 swastikas were discovered on the sidewalks on Sharett, Zeitlin, Leonardo da Vinci, Emanuel, Ibn Gvirol and more streets. In one place it read "Arafat in power, the PLO security forces." Swastikas were also discovered on Hamtun Street in front of the Herzliya Gymnasium and on King David Boulevard in front of Ichilov Hospital. All linked to the events of the intifada.[413]


  • Aug 21, 1988.

During Arab riots, swastikas were painted and abusive graffiti was written on walls in Tel Aviv.[414]


  • Oct 11, 1988.

Among a series of sabotage, for months, at hospital by Arab workers, also insults and drawing of swastikas in public toilets. The sabotage includes the insertion of urine into a bottle that was intended to be injected into one of the patients, which could have killed him.[409]


  • Dec 8, 1988.

Around intifada anniversary. Two Arab residents of Ramallah were arrested yesterday by the Rishon LeZion police after drawing swastikas on about 20 cars in the city. They drew the crosses on the dew formed on the cars.[415]


  • Dec 1988.

In the village of Tarshiha in the Galilee, three swastikas were painted in black on the front of a Jewish owned shop. Around the anniversary of the (first) intifada.[416]


  • May 1989.

On May 12, 1989, on a construction site in Jatt, six PLO flags, spray-painted and swastikas, were discovered, as a hostile organization of young Arabs from the village of Jatt in Wadi Ara was exposed.[417]


  • May 1989.

A group of Arabs drew abusive graffiti and swastikas, threw stones and waved PLO flags in an area in Haifa.[418]


  • May 1989.

Arab terrorists placed, at the entrance of Har Bracha, an explosive device attached to an Israeli flag that they had damaged by painting a swastika. It severely injured a resident when he tried to pull off the flag.[419]


  • June 1989.

On the night between June 12-13 1989: At the entrance to the village of I'billin (إعبلين), in the Western Galilee, slogans were painted l with black spray paint condemning the state and "Palestine of the Arabs" and a number of swastikas.[420]


  • Nov 1989.

Against the backdrop of violence by Arabs on nationalist background, swastikas were discovered on the walls of villas being built in the Neve Nof neighborhood of Lod.[421]


  • May 1990.

After Arab demonstrations in Haifa, PLO flags in Wadi Nisnas and on the Al-Pasha Club in downtown. The neighborhoods of the Carmel were painted swastikas.[422]


  • Aug 1995.

In the closing ceremony of a "police course" (that is, the future army nucleus), which was held in Jericho in August 1995, the graduates swore with (Nazi salute) raising hand.[298]


  • 1996.

With Palestinian Authority taking over control of areas, holy places became frequent target for desecration. Swastikas were painted on the tombstones, abusive slogans and nationalist inscriptions were written, PLO flags were hoisted and even tombstones smashed.[423]


  • 1998.

A highlighted twisted indoctrination and inciting feature at the official Palestinian Authority. The view of Hitler and more:
.... example, from the Palestinian daily Al-Hayat al-Jadida from 1998, presents Zionism as a European defense program designed to get rid of the presence of Jews in Europe. According to the researchers, this historical "fact" is part of the official curriculum in the PA.
The section from the newspaper compares Hitler to Balfour: "The difference between the two was simple: the first (Hitler) had no colonies to send the Jews to, so he destroyed them, while Balfour made Palestine one of his colonies and sent the Jews there. Balfour is Hitler of the colonies, while Hitler is Balfour without colonies. Both wanted to get rid of the Jews ... Zionism was critical to defending the interests of the West in the region, while Europe got rid of its Jewish burden."
[424]



  • 1999+.

Mein Kampf was rated 6th on the best-seller list among Palestinians in a survey conducted and reported in PA daily Al-Hayat Al-Jadida.[425]
Hitler's Mein Kampf In East Jerusalem And PA Territories began to appear in 1999. The book, previously banned by Israel, has been allowed by the PA and is sixth on the Palestinian best-seller list.[426][427] Book was a hit as soon as it was published - in 2000 the fifth edition was printed.[256]. In 2015, it was pictured being sold on Ramallah streets.[428] Arafat had encouraged the publication of Mein Kampf in Ramallah.[429]

2000s

  • March 24, 2000.

Sheikh Ekrima Sabri (appointed by Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, imam of the Al-Asqa mosque), in a March 2000 interview with the Italian newspaper la Repubblica, responded to a question about the Holocaust by stating, "Six million Jews dead? No way, they were much fewer. Let's stop with this fairytale ..."[430][431][432]

Related:

Adolf Hitler would publicize the text as if it were a valid document even though it was exposed as a fake in 1921. After the Nazi Party rose to power in 1933, he ordered the text to be studied in German classrooms. Historian Norman Cohn suggested that Hitler used the Protocols as his primary justification for initiating the Holocaust.

It is still widely available today and continues to be presented by some as a genuine document despite widespread proof by scholars and historians that it is a hoax and blatant plagiarism... Political leaders have not referred to The Protocols since World War II; the exception to this is in the Middle East, where several Muslim regimes and cultural leaders throughout the end of the 20th century endorsed it as authentic, including Anwar Sadat of Egypt, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi. The 1988 charter of Hamas states that The Protocols of the Elders of Zion “embodies the plan of the Zionists.” Recent endorsements in the 21st century have been made by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Sheikh Ekrima Sa’id Sabri, and the Education Ministry of Saudi Arabia; televised dramatizations of The Protocols have appeared on Egyptian television and on Al-Manar (Hezbollah) television... [433]


  • Apr 13, 2000.

Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, official PA daily stated that “Charmed” Arabs named their children “Hitler”.[434]


  • Apr 2000.

First known open Holocaust denial by Hamas.[2]


  • July 2000.

Fatah in Nablus burn Israeli flags, draw on swastikas on flags.[435]


On Oct 6, 2000, Arab-Palestinians held up flag with a Nazi swastika in front of an Israeli army outpost at the Netzarim junction, Gaza Strip.[436]


  • 2000.

Report:
The intifada caused, for the first time, acts of vandalism in holy Jewish places in the West Bank ... Swastikas and antisemitic slogans were painted on the walls of the synagogue in Efrat. One of them said, "Hitler (that's what they wrote) is destroying viruses."[437]


  • Nov 2000.

Senior Palestinian historian Issam Sisalem: Dachau and Auschwitz --he tries to claim-- were "places for disinfection."[438]


  • 2001.

In Netanya, second intifada, Arab "Palestinians," residents of the 'territories,' spray-painted nationalist abusive graffiti in the Arabic and Hebrew languages and painted swastikas next to them.[439]


  • Jan 12, 2001.

The Israeli press carried the picture of a procession in Ramallah, which paraded a donkey wearing a Jewish prayer shawl and sporting on its forehead a Star of David in the shape of a swastika, with Palestinian police standing by and applauding the parade.[305][306]


  • Oct 8, 2001.

Hanan Ashrawi's founded, Antisemitic site Miftah, [440] Republishes a neo Nazi authored piece.[441][442]


  • Nov 15, 2001.

Palestinians call their children by a well-known Nazi name.[443]


  • 2002.

In 2002,[444] it was reported, a sermon by Islamic preacher in a large mosque in Hebron. He

asked: "What does Allah want from us, why did he bring millions of infidel Jews to Palestine, give them a state, give them weapons and power...

When I see the parade of suicide bombers who are ready to explode so that Jewish infidels will also go with them and then I hear in the mourning arbor their parents say they will be happy if their children follow the martyrs, I ask: And they keep coming?

And he replied: "Allah loves us and helps us.

Fifty years ago there was a great leader [sic] who wanted to eliminate the problem of the Jews, but failed due to the fact that the Jews were scattered all over the world. Allah, who loves us, brings everyone together in Palestine, to make our job easier."


  • May 12, 2003.

Interview with Sheikh Ali Hussein Abu-Ibrahim, a Palestinian resident of Lebanon - Proud of friendship with Hitler. [445]


  • Aug 2003.

Hamas Leader Rantisi denies the Holocaust.[446]


  • 2003/4 +

In 2014, an Arab journalist in Israel admitted: 'For over ten years, swastikas and abusive graffiti have been spray-painted against Jews.'[259]


  • Jan 2004.

Swastikas and abusive graffiti in Golda Park in the Negev, near Beersheba. Dozens of swastikas and graffiti were spray-painted in a 150-acre grove, a grove with wild plants, with an artificial lake and lawns in the center of the grove. Graffiti was spray-painted and "Death to the Jews" slogans were written. The inscriptions were sprayed wherever possible. A result of hostility and hatred stemming from brainwashing by extremists, "who have a free hand to operate among the Bedouin Arabs."[447]


  • Oct 17, 2004.

A monument in memory of the victims of the attack on Egged Bus Line 2, which was placed in the Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood of Jerusalem - was broken and swastika sprayed. [448]

The bus line 2 bombing was: Arab "Palestinian" terror massacre via suicide bombing of a crowded public bus in the Shmuel HaNavi quarter in Jerusalem, on August 19, 2003.[449] Victims included many children.[450] The target of the Arab terrorists was crowded pious ultra-Orthodox Jews Haredi, who by in large avoid serving in the military. Indeed, the bomber disguised himself as an Orthodox Jew. Hamas stated the bomber was a Mosque preacher from Hebron.[450]


  • May 2005.

Swastikas were spray-painted near the Western Wall, around Holocaust memorial day date.[451]


  • May 2005.

Palestinian Authority Sermon: We (Muslims) will rule America; Israel is a [sic] cancer; Jews are a [sic] virus resembling AIDS; Muslims will finish them off... It was the Jews who [sic] provoked Nazism to wage war...[452]


  • May 18, 2006.

Hamas weekly listed with pride that Hitler praised the Palestinians as models.[453]


  • December, 2006.

Arabs broke into a school, spray-painted in black on the walls of the classroom: Swastikas and inscriptions in praise of Hezbollah and Hamas and the words "Allah akbar."[454][455]


  • Nov 2007.

Hitler is a Hero on Palestinian Authority Radio. A Palestinian Authority radio contest featured a laudatory biography of Adolf Hitler.[456]


  • March 20, 2008.

Dr. Elias Akleh, Arab, born in the town of Beit-Jala, (asides from vicious comparisons a conflict of [at least] two sides[7][8] with the ‘’one-way’’ systematic annihilation attempt), wrote in his "article" the outrageous line: 'The perpetrators are not Nazis, but those who "claim" to be survivors.' (The word ‘claim,’ plus, injecting his drama terminology to rob victimhood of survivors).[457] He is a conspiracy theorist.[458]


  • Oct 8, 2008.

On the evening of the Holy Yom Kippur, the walls of a synagogue, in Lod, were spray-painted with abusive graffiti. This, as well as the fire weeks later seen as a direct continuation of the harassment of the Jews by Arabs.[459]


  • Dec 2008.

Among volume from Arab sector, "almost daily stone-throwing phenomena occur on the part of "young Arabs against Jews on their way to a synagogue and other severe expressions of violence by the Arab sector in the city." Three swastikas and abusive graffiti were spray-painted on a study place. Weeks later, two pipe bombs were thrown at Jewish homes.[460]


  • Apr 2009.

Dismissed East Jerusalem Arab workers vandalized property at an inn on the way to Eilat, beating an employee, painted swastikas. The owner himself was also injured. "We will show you what East Jerusalem is," threatened the suspects.[461]


  • Apr 2009.

Arab Palestinian policemen desecrated Joseph’s tomb. "Just one day after Holocaust Remembrance Day, worshipers and soldiers were shocked to find inscriptions of swastikas next to the tomb, as well as inscriptions of a sword raised on a Star of David, with drops of blood and a boot 'stepped on' it, and other inscriptions." It comes four months after the renovation of the tomb complex in Nablus and the arrangement of the entrances to the place.[303]


  • July 17, 2009.

Ridiculous yet dangerous lie that supposedly "there were not six million Jews (sic) in the whole of European continent" - by Abd a-Rahman' Abad, the general secretary of the Council of "Sages" ["elders"] and Preachers in Al-Quds (the Arab chosen name of Jerusalem) headed by Ekrima Sa'id Sabri).[462][463]


  • July 27, 2009.

Swastikas and abusive graffiti were written on signs by Gilad Shalit in a protest tent set up by a moderate Beduin Sheikh who protested Gilad Shalit's abduction by Hamas.[464]


  • Aug 2009.

Hamas refused to allow Palestinian-Arab children to learn about the Holocaust, which it called "a lie [sic] invented by the Zionists" and referred to Holocaust education as a "war crime." [sic][465]


  • Dec 2009.

Visiting the ancient synagogue ain Samoa, Jews were shocked to find swastikas scrawled on the walls by Arabs.[466] [Current Hebrew name: א-סמוע. Ancient Jewish name: אשתמוע. Arabic: السموع.]


  • Jan 2010.
Abdel Aziz Rantisi, co-founder of Hamas:[467]
"The ... are worse than Hitler... I believe Hitler wouldn't bulldoze homes on civilians... It's impossible to say that Hitler would do that. I believe that more than fifty per cent of the world doesn't believe in the Holocaust, and I am one of them. The Israelis practice terror against our people and say to the world that we are terrorists. I believe that they did the same thing to Hitler..."


On March 19, 2010, Arab-Palestinians held a sign depicting a swastika at Qalandiya checkpoint near the West Bank city of Ramallah.[468][469]


  • Apr 2010.

Israeli-Arabs scrawled swastikas and pictures of Palestinian Authority flag on the walls of a synagogue and home near Tel Aviv.[470]


April 18, 2010, on the eve of Memorial Day: swastikas and Palestinian flags were spray-painted in Jaffa. Using charcoal, three swastikas and dozens of Palestinian flags. Journalist, neighbor: "this is an act of a young man who was influenced by incitement against Jews."[471]


  • Oct 8, 2010.

Crossword puzzle in the PA newspaper: Who worked to exterminate the Jews? [472]


  • 2010-2011.

UNESCO stopped funding "Palestinian" children magazine, after it was revealed, it praised Hitler.[473]


  • 2011.

Joseph's tomb has been desecrated, and swastikas spray-painted. The tomb is under "Palestinian" Authority control.[474]


  • Oct 2011 - July 21, 2012.

Arabs spray swastikas on a Jew's door in Jerusalem's old city, they also don't like him having many guests. On the July 21, 2011 event, the Arabs blocked the entrance and one of them also picked up a stone and threw it at them. Police, in a not-so-rare routine of softer hands approach when it comes to Arabs, wish washed it.[475]


  • Oct 27 - Nov 1, 2011.

Nadera Masad – when student at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, activist in 'Solidarity for Palestinian Human Rights (Mac SPHR)' On Oct 27, 2011, under #ArabHummus posted: "Adolf Hitler, if you had taken them all, the world would have a lot less problems right now." [476]
- On Nov 1, 2011: "Hitler should have took you all." On another occasion she posted "Death to America and white people."[477]

(She also posted on social media about her Palestine ideas, Palestine kitchen).


  • Jan 8, 2012 - June 16, 2013.
Rawan Qaddoura - Palestinian Canadian "activist" for "Palestine (BDS, SPHR (SJP))," admires Hitler. Documented:[476]

Rawan Qaddoura tweeted in January 2012, "I honestly wish I was born at the time of the second world war just to see the genius, Hitler, at work." She followed up in June 2013 with, "everytime I read about Hitler, I fall in love all over again," and a smiling heart emoji.

She wrote in September 2012, "i just don’t like jews lol #sorrynotsorry."

Qaddoura ran unsuccessfully for SPHR president of 2016-2017, losing to Lina Assi, who has her own long history of voicing support for the socialist terrorist organization, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
(Qaddoura stated she is a "Palestinian activist").


  • Jan 2012.

Anabta High School for Girls in Tulkarem posts picture presenting Hitler as admirable.[478]


  • Mar 2012.

2 Arab youths, from Beit Zarzir, admitted in spray-painting swastikas and "Death to the Arabs" on their school walls.[479] (In addition, various suspicious "writings" by Arabs to frame Jews have been found.[480])


  • Mar 2012.

Abusive graffiti and swastikas on the walls of the Chomesh water pool. (It's near an Arab village in Samaria).[481]


  • May 7, 2012.

In a parade ground of an Arab school in East Jerusalem, a parade was held, in which the PLO flag was raised as the students saluted with the (Nazi) raised hand, in a ‘scary’ event.[482]


  • May 2012.

Iktiba High School for Girls in Tulkarem posts picture presenting Hitler as admirable.[483]


  • Swastikas and "Palestine for Us" inscriptions in Arabic in a synagogue complex near Jericho.[484] (May/2012)

May 2012.
Swastikas and "Palestine for Us" inscriptions in Arabic. in a synagogue complex near Jericho.[484][485]


  • Rommel, Hitler admiration at "Palestinian" high school for Girls in Tulkarem.[486](2012)

June 2012.
Iktiba High school for Girls in Tulkarem posts picture of Rommel with text praising Hitler as "the (sic) pinnacle of leadership." Palwatch, Jun 21, 2012.[486]


  • Sep 21, 30, 2012.

Under (Pro-terror[487]) "Palestinian" American Huwaida Arraf's leadership, Free Gaza Movement, on Sept. 21, 2012, the movement's tweet linked to Im Wald von Katyn, a 1943 Nazi propaganda film. That tweet was not protested by Arraf.

On Sep 30, 2012, Greta Berlin, co-founder of the movement a revisionist antisemitic tweet regarding the Holocaust. After it was publicized, Huwaida Arraf did denounce the tweet as offensive but accepted Berlin's apology which was mentioned only being sorry for having the tweet go public, instead of private. Huwaida Arraf also, reportedly, did not protest the falsehood of the very antisemitic tweet, in and of itself. [488]


  • Oct 2012.

Faiz Rashid, a Jordanian columnist of Palestinian origin, in the Qatari daily Al-Sharq, criticized a call made by a Palestinian ambassador to teach the Holocaust in Arab schools, as well as the visit of a PA official to Auschwitz and had expressed doubt as to the scope of the Holocaust.[489]


  • Nov 14, 2012.

An Arab student at U Houston, affiliated with Students for Justice in Palestine SJP, with her "Palestine" flag in profile, Amal Tabel, posted in Arabic that "Hitler should have killed them all [sic] when he had the chance" [sic].[490] On January 22, 2013, Tabel tweeted: "learning about the jews in the concentration camps is very sad, but learning about them starting over in Israel is extremely disconcerting."[491]


  • March 18, 2013.

Official PA daily op-ed lauded Nazism.[492]


  • Mar 2013.

Graffiti in Jaffa: "Death to the J..s" as well as swastikas. It came after a month earlier a painted red Star of David, and the inscription "Go" (leave) in Arabic was found on Begin Heritage wall and two Arabs were caught with red paint next to them and had admitted in that the act.[493][494][495] (Chosen Gaza & Jerusalem Blvds as symbolic?)

From comments at the time on biased Haaretz:[496]
Is it legitimate to attack Jews only on the basis of moving house with Arabs? And is it [just] when it comes to Arabs in a Jewish city, do you just shout for racism and the media coverage is [then] wide?


  • Maraana in June 2021 (even if this was unintentional, it reminded her 2013 terrible posting re Holocaust)

April 2013.
Arab MK, Ibtisam Mara'ana, in an abusive post she posted on Facebook in April 2013 regarding the Holocaust in which she asked cynically: "How did the Holocaust affect the sex lives of Holocaust survivors?"[497][498]

(Related:
In 2021, Mara'ana cynically tries to shake off her racist views.[499])


  • Apr 7-8, 2013.

On Holocaust Remembrance Day (in Israel): A swastika spray-painted on a sign in the Negev National Park. Curses were also spray-painted on the sign pointing to the Tel Beer Sheva site near the settlement of the same name. it all comes after a wave of anti-Jewish inscriptions, such as 'Death to [sic] Jews.'[500][501]


  • Sep-Oct 2013.

With increased wave of Arab families moving in, at the Agash neighborhood in Ramla, Swastika drawn by Arabs.[502]


  • 2013-2014.

An Arab who drew swastikas and inscriptions "Death to police officers", is probably the one who wrote also "Death to the Arabs" about two months earlier.[503]


May-2013. Palestinians spray-painted swastikas near the altar of Joshua on Mount Ebal. Near the place where a Jew was murdered by terrorists.[504]


  • July 2013.

Swastikas and the "Palestinian" flag were spray-painted on a bus stop in Rahat, southern Israel.[505][506]


  • July 12, 2013.

Arabs vandalized religious items in the Cave of the Patriarchs. On July 18, Arabs, for the second time, painted swastikas on the spring fence at Avraham Spring (Ayn al Jadidah).[507]


  • Aug 1, 2013.

PA-funded youth magazine published list of sayings claimed as if it was Hitler's.[508][509]


  • Nazi salute, at a Palestinian "pro Western." university. (Nov/2013)[510]

Nov 5, 2013.
Nazi salute, not just at Hamas, but at a Palestinian university considered "pro Western." Some of the saluters in the picture who are seen in the photos are students studying at the university.[510][511]


  • Sep 30, 2013.

Arabs presumed to be the painters of swastikas in Lod, on institution. [512]


  • Fatah activists in Abu Dis in Nazi salute, celebrating Arafat Memorial Day (November 11, 2013).[513]

Nov 11, 2013.
Fatah activists in Abu Dis salute Arafat Memorial Day with raised hand.[513]


  • Jan 2014.

Umm al-Fahm, Israel: Arabs salute with raised hand, PLO and Syrian flags, at the entrance to the city, at a demonstration of solidarity with the al-Yarmouk refugee camp in Syria.[514]


  • Fe 2014.

Palestinian Arabs set fire to power poles and spray-painted swastika and Palestinian flag near Na'ale.[515][516]


  • Apr 2014.

Near Holocaust Remembrance Day: Arabs publish a picture of terrorist imprisoned in Israel --Yousef Khalila from the village of Jaba' in northern Samaria, who was sentenced to twenty years in prison for terrorist acts he committed, of which he ran for about eleven years-- saluting a Nazi hand inside his cell in prison. The photo was posted on various Facebook pages of Arabs, including the Facebook page of the village of Jaba' where he lives, where the photo received likes and sympathetic comments.[517]


  • Arab nationalistic writings with swastikas in south of Israel, (found April/2014)

Found in April-2014, that Arabs painted swastikas with nationalist slogans in the south of the country.[518]


  • April 27, 2014.

On Holocaust Remembrance Day, swastika at building of Haredim in Lod. Done, most probably by Arab worker. The severe engraving joins another incident that took place around the same time - disturbance by local Arabs.[519]


  • May 6, 2014.

Arabs spray-painted swastikas and wrote "price tag" on the grave of Rabbi Abba Bar Halafta near the village of Hanania (Kfar Hannania) in the lower Galilee.[520][521][522]


  • May 7, 2014.

(After a day earlier discovered that Arabs spray-painted swastikas[520] on the tomb of Rabbi Halafta in the Lower Galilee), A Jewish cemetery was desecrated again, this time in the Hadera area: swastikas and a Jewish figure were discovered on May 7, 2014 in the afternoon on the walls of the Menashe Regional Council cemetery, east of Hadera. Another swastika was spray-painted at a bus stop on the road leading to Harish.[522][523]


  • May 2014.

Arab parents of youngsters requested for investigation by police after its sons (admittedly) spray-painting swastikas and graffiti against Jews on Lod.[524]


In May 2014, at Arab village Taibeh (Tayibe), Arab hate crime: "Hitler was [sic] right" inscription and swastikas viewed the documentation.[525]


  • May 2014.

A swastika spray-painted with black spray on a roller shutter of a closed warehouse on Elifelet Street in Tel Aviv.[526][527] It was seen shortly before Arabs' swastika and inscription praising Hitler in Taibeh.[525]


  • May 2014.

In Shuafat, an Arab neighborhood of East Jerusalem, Arabs spray-painted a swastika and face painting of a religious Jew, deliberately in a location, where anyone passing by on the light rail will encounter it.[260]



In May 2014, (again) Arabs spray-painted a swastika on the ancient synagogue in Eshtemoa / Samoa. There were swastikas and PLO flags.[528]


  • May-2014.

Swastikas on houses in Jaffa, reported on May 8, 2014. Earlier, swastikas were spray-painted on cars in Lod. All seen as an Arab price-tag.[529][530][531]


  • 2014.

Arrest of 4 Arabs, suspects spray-painted abusive graffiti condemning Jews, which included paintings of swastikas, a Palestinian flag, an inscription of a swastika on a vehicle in the parking lot, etc. In the city of Lod. And in interviews, have expressed their racist motives. The danger in their acts have been explained as it can create unrest among the population in the city.[532]


  • Swastikas at Arab town Qalansawe (June/2014).[533]

June 2014.
Swastikas are also sprayed throughout Arab town Qalansawe.[533]


  • July 12, 2014.

On July 12, 2014, Palestinian Activists began using the hashtag #Hitler[sic]WasRight.[534] It spread quickly[535][536][537]


  • July 2014.

Dozens of swastikas were spray-painted on the way to the Western Wall. A member of the Jerusalem City Council, also published a number of pictures of the spray-painting of swastikas, along with which he wrote: "An Arab nationalist crime on the road leading to the Western Wall."[538]


  • July 2014.

Arabs from nearby villages enter Harish town and spray-paint at the entrance a "Palestinian" flag and a swastika. [539]


On July 4, 2014, in Rahat, southern Israel, some spray-painted the words "Death to the J..s" and "Hamas Rahat"[540] Also inscription: "Hitler stopped, we [sic] will continue."[541]


  • July 10, 2014.

Amer F Wazwaz (of Israel-Arab "Palestinian" origin[542][543]) praised Hitler:
One thing I admired about hitler is that he was patient enough...[544]


On July 13, 2014, Arabs spray-painted swastikas at the entrance to Avnei Hefetz in Samaria.[258]


  • July 13, 2014.

"Palestinian" hackers broke into the social networks used by sports team, Maccabi Tel Aviv, Facebook and Twitter, swastikas and Palestinian flags were planted.[545]


  • In Rahat, southern Israel, swastikas targeting Jewish owned vehicles out of "racist motives." (July, 2014)

On July 28, 2014, during the Operation Protective Edge in Gaza, a newspaper distributor, "for racist motives or out of hostility towards the public," engraved signs of a "swastika" on 11 vehicles, believing that the owners of the vehicles were of Jewish origin.[546]


  • Aug 2014.

On one of the poles, a swastika. (The Technion has a large number of Arab students too). [547]


  • Sept 2014.

B'Tselem researcher, a "source" for Haaretz, Arab Palestinian 'Atef Abu a-Rub denied the Holocaust to someone who posed to him as a simply German.[548] who was the researcher which (Haaretzism) Haaretz has been basing its "source" for many anti-Israel rants.[549][548][550]

Initially, unreliable B'tselem tried to deny it,[551] stating the remarks were "lies" and taken out of context...[552] But then left with no choice but to concede that on fact he is a Holocaust denier.[551][553]


  • Sep 2014.

The senior Fatah commander Jibril Rajob, to undercover Israeli playwright Mr. Tenenbom who posed to him as a German, after he heard about the book that planned to publish 'catch the Jew,' had told him: 'Israel is [sic] racist and [sic] fascist, it will be isolated like South Africa.' Rajoub’s close confidantes whispered to Tenenbom 'We are all German, but the only problem is that we know that General Rommel did not succeed in coming here.'[548]


  • Sep 9, 2014.

Sabry Wazwaz (of Israel-Arab "Palestinian" origin[554][555]) tweeted a photo montage that portrayed Palestinians as Holocaust victims...[556]


  • Oct 2014.

During masked and disorderly riots hired for this purpose by the Islamic Movement of Raed Saleh, and funded by Hamas, Arab-Muslims spray-painted Nazi swastika among others.[557][558]


  • Ahmad Garbou, one of the brothers brutally attacking elderly Jew in Jaffa on Apr/18/21, posted admiration for Osama Bin Laden and for Hitler. This is from Sep/6/2014 - his praying for Shahid Hitler.[559] In Israel's often routine of preferential treatment for Arabs over Jews, including in its courts, that attack was "not" deemed racist.

2014. One of the Garbua (Garbou, Garboa) Arab Muslim brothers who both brutally attacked a Jew on April 18, 2021 - while shouting their racist ethnic cleansing that "Jews won't live in Jaffa",[560] in 2014 he wrote admiringly of Hitler.[559]


  • Sep 2014.

A senior Hamas official, Mahmoud al-Zahar (محمود الزهار‎ Maḥmūd az-Zahhār), showed understanding for the killing of the Jews by Hitler, in his speeches, which were broadcast on Hamas' Al-Aqsa TV.
[561]


  • Oct 2014.

Swastika and the writing "death to J..s" were spray-painted on an outside wall and on the sidewalk in Nazareth, as “Palestinians,” some Israelis clash.[562]


  • Nove 2014.

Report: 'Arab hate crime: A large swastika was painted on a door in the bathroom of the Hebrew University.' Spraying the words 'price tag' in an Arab village would have shocked the president ... said one of the students.[563]


  • Nov 2014.

Swastikas were painted all over campus at the University of Haifa. At the time of rising Arab students showing extremist expression such as, that the entire land is theirs.[564]


  • Nov 2014.

A swastika was spray-painted on a bus stop at Fureidis Junction. Near the Arab village Fureidis. [565]

(Related, some months earlier, Arabs attacked three Jewish boys at this spot.[566]).


  • Nov 2014.

Arabs spray-painted dozens of swastikas on the walls of Jewish compound in the Muslim Quarter of Jerusalem, with Palestinian flags. This came as Jewish residents of the Old City of Jerusalem have been under attack for six months.[567]


  • Arabs draw swastikas in Jerusalem's old city[568] (Nov/22/14)

Nov 22, 2014.
Residents reported Arabs sprayed dozens of swastikas on walls near Old City of Jerusalem. Inscriptions in Arabic next to it.[568]


  • Nov 2014.

Arabs paint Swastika and PLO flag on a bus in Jerusalem.[569][570]


  • Dec 2014.

Arab Hate Crime: An inscription and a swastika were painted near Ushaya's tomb in Peki'in.[571]


  • Dec 2014.

Arab students draw swastika in famous Technion, Haifa.[572][573]


  • Dec 28, 2014.

"Palestinian" Imam and Hamas TV Host, Sheik Iyad Abu Funun, justified Hitler.[574]


  • Jan 2015.

Swastika on a book in the library of the University of Haifa, with inscriptions calling 'death' against Jews. Activists linked it to Arab students' incitement such as the statement: 'Our whole country' printed on bags.[575]


  • Jan 12, 2015.

Hatem Bazian (founder of the anti-Israel organizations Students for Justice in Palestine SJP and American Muslims for Palestine AMP) tweeted an article challenging the definition of the word "terrorist." The article stated: "The Europeans who fought Nazism with arms were labeled ‘terrorist’ by Hitler. Hamas is fighting against the occupation of Palestinian lands and is labeled ‘terrorist.'"[576] (In 2017, Hatem was heavily criticized over antisemitic tweets. Including whereby an image of a non Zionist Hassidic Jew's image with some added tropes.[577]). (He is son of Arab “Palestinians" - born in Jordan to a father from the West Bank city of Nablus and a mother from Jerusalem.[578] CAIR Minnesota has invited him to speak.[579])

  • Jan 22, 2015.

On January 22, 2015, "Palestinian" American SJP activist, Nerdeen Mohsen Kiswani and other protesters disrupted a ceremony commemorating the 70th year of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp.[580][581] In 2020, this terror pusher and hater was voted antisemite of the year.[582]


  • Marc 2015.

Spray-painted inscriptions 'Death to the Jews' and swastikas in Beit Yehonatan in (Arab Silwan area of) East Jerusalem, hundreds of meters from the Western Wall.[583]


  • Swastika and inscriptions "Palestine" and "Gaza", desecration Omar victims monument. (Apr/2015)[584]


April 5, 2015. Over the weekend, "individuals" desecrated the monument in memory of the Omar victims, in the high-tech industrial park. The inscriptions "Palestine" and "Gaza" were also spray-painted.[584]


  • Nazi salute at Fatah ceremony (2015)[585]

In April, 2015, "Palestinian" Fatah youth performs Nazi salute at Fatah ceremony.[585]



In September 2015, Jerusalem residents were horrified to see Arabs replacing Israeli flag on their license plates with Nazi cross, eagle.[586][587]


  • Oct 2015.

Palestinian Authority education for kids contains Nazi themes about trusting Jews.[262][263][588]


  • Oct 29, 2015.

Hamas Cleric and TV Host Iyad Abu Funun: "Hitler did not do anything," there was not "a single shred of evidence proving that the Holocaust really took place... By Allah, they are more Nazi [sic] than Hitler."[589]


  • Brought up in 2015, amidst the stabbings intifada.

Columnist:[315]

Rather, deep in their hearts, the liars know the truth. There is, for example, nothing more acceptable in the Arab worldSthan Holocaust denial. And yet Issa Krakra, a former "minister" of prisoners, writes: "Israel murdered [sic] more than two million Palestinian children ... The number of Jewish children murdered in the Holocaust ... the Nazi did not exceed one and a quarter million ..." Well? Was there or was there not a Holocaust?


  • "Hitler 2" - Popular store in Gaza 2015.[590] Arab Palestinian explains: 'Name of shop is Hitler and I like him because he was the most anti Jewish person'.[591]
    Nov-2015, seen in Gaza, most popular clothing store: its name "Hitler 2," featuring dolls with knives and "palestine" flag.[592][593][590][591]


  • Bnei Sakhnin fans - Nazi salute.[594] (Jan/18/16)

Jan 18, 2016.
Arab Sakhnin team fans, perform Nazi salute, raised hand, shouting: "In blood and fire we will redeem al-Aqsa."[594]


  • Jan 19, 2016.

Senior Fatah official:‎ "Hitler wasn't (sic) morally corrupt..."[595]


  • Feb-17, Nov-25, 2016; Jan 11, 2017; May 15, 2018.

Leena Yousef with activity in AMP, BDS, has celebrated the Holocaust, spread hatred of Jews and idolized the Hamas terror organization.[596]

(Stated on a social media profile: "proud Palestinian American").



  • Arab spray-paint a swastika, PLO flag and a anti-Israel writing at Daburyyia[597] (Mar/2016)

In March 2016, Arabs spray-painted swastika, painted PLO flag and abusive graffiti against Israel at a station in the northern town of Daburiyya, near Afula. Noted:[597] ... dozens of Arab hate crime events were published, but the police were almost not operating on the subject almost including: in Taibe, Lod, Sakhnin, Arraba, Daburyyia and many Arab localities sprayed through sterilizer and granted addresses against Jews and Israel. As we know, on an Arabs' address (in our country, very few cases) the police rush to issue a message to the media and everyone is in a hurry to condemn, but in the Jewish state do nothing when harming Jews.


  • March 14, 2016.

Abusive graffiti against Jews was spray-painted in the Babylonian Cave [Me'arat haBavlim] near the village of Rihaniya [Rehaniya].[598]


  • Apr 2016.

Arabs (including reportedly "Palestinias") Muslims roar in Germany: Death to the J..s! Adolf Hitler! and Allah is great! "Palestine" flag waved.[599]


  • Sep 25-26 - Oct-5, 2016.

Swastikas were spray-painted near the Tzaddik Binyamin spring in Safed[598] frequented by orthodox Jews. It is estimated that the swastika paintings were painted during the Rosh Hashana holy days: Sep 25-26 as Jews were not there on those days.[600] (Asides from Arabs living in predominantly Jewish city, there’s a nearby Arab village ‘Akbara - which was, centuries ago, a Jewish village.


  • 2016.

A swastika is engraved in the synagogue in the Hasmonean palaces in Jericho.[601]


  • Oct 2016.

Arabs infiltrated Yitzhar and spray-painted swastikas and the inscription "Death to the Jews".[602][603]


  • Jan 2017.

Andrew Anglin, the American neo-Nazi announced a march with a representative of Hamas to be in attendance.[604]


  • "Palestinian" security official Muhammad Al-Sawiti posting of Hitler and his longing...(Apr/19/17).

  • "Palestinian" security official Muhammad Al-Sawiti posting of Eichmann. (Jul/17).

April-July 2017.
In Aug 2017, Israeli security nabbed a senior "Palestinian" security official (resident of Bayt Awa) who incited against Jews on Facebook, to 'shed blood on the Dome of the Rock,' praised terrorists and posted pictures of Hitler (such as on April 19[605]) and Eichmann (in July[605]) and expressed longing for people like them.[606][607][304][605][608][609]


  • Arab employees biting the hands that feed them, Har Shmuel, (April/2017)

March 2017. Arabs spray-painted swastikas in the Har Shmuel neighborhood. Arab workers, stabbing The hands that feed them.[610]


  • May 2017.

A swastika and the ‘IDF (as supposed) terrorist organization [sic]’ were spray-painted on several streets in Rosh HaAyin.[611]


  • Aug 2017.

Mahmoud Abbas, on official Palestinian Authority TV, glorifies terror leader Faisal Al-Husseini and Nazi collaborator Grand Mufti of Jerusalem.[612]


Sep 2017, (most probably on the eve of Yom Kippur), Arabs spray-painted swastikas on a sign near ancient Susya.[613][614] In recent years an illegal Palestinian settlement was built in the area, which became the site of many political demonstrations.[615]


  • Oct 2017.

PLO flags, swastikas and inscriptions in favor of "Palestine," at a first grade board in a school in Jerusalem.[616][617]


  • Nahed Sharawi, a math teacher at an UNRWA school in Gaza.[618] Posting about (her) Hitler. (2017, 2018)

Sep 29, 2017, Feb 13, 2018:
Nahed Sharawi, posted a Hitler video with his quotes in order to "enlighten and enrich" her friends’ minds. She also posted an antisemitic story depicting J.. as supposedly scheming thieves - Sharawi. glorifying Hitler. A highlighted "Palestinian" teacher, a Gaza resident 113 UNRWA educators and staff who have publicly promoted violent or hateful rhetoric in years 2015-2021.[618][619][620]


  • Sep-30 - Oct-2, 2017.

In a Jewish religious school in Givat Mordechai, found swastikas, PLO flags and inscriptions in Arabic in praise of "Palestine." Suspicion fell on Arab cleaning workers.[621][622]


  • Swastika, support for Hamas, about Al Aqsa mosque and calls for death (Jerusalem, Oct/17)

Oct 2017.
Three Arab residents of the Old City of Jerusalem were arrested on suspicion of spray-painting graffiti against Jews. Among other things, they spray-painted swastikas and the words 'Death to the Jews.'[623][624]


  • From a 2017 report,[625] (at least) 3 PA schools named after Nazi collaborators.


  • Jan 2018.

An Arab from Bethlehem, a former officer in the Palestinian security services, was arrested after organizing a riot against the United States and Israel, during which signs with a swastika were hoisted.[626]


  • Jan 2018.

Arabs spray-paint "Hitler", "Al-Quds" inscriptions on JNF signs.[627]


Feb. 2018, Jews who entered[628] the grave of Yehoshua bin Nun [Joshua] and Kalev ben Yafuneh in the village of Kifl Haris near Ariel in Samaria discovered to their amazement the entire tomb spray-painted with swastikas by Arabs living in the village. There were Arabic writings too.[629][630][631] The grave is in the village to which the terrorist who murdered Rabbi Itamar Ben Gal fled.[632]



  • Jan 2018.

On Jan. 14, Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas, whose university thesis was an exercise in Holocaust denial, shocked all right-thinking individuals with a speech dripping with anti-Semitism, and blaming the Jews for their own deaths in the Holocaust.[89]


  • Apr 10, 2018.

Palestinian political analyst Hani Abu Zaid: Holocaust “was a lie” [sic]; “the Jews conspired..."[633]


  • Apr 11, 2018.

Abu Mazen is rewriting history (again), at the "Ninth Islamic Temple" conference in Ramallah, under a picture of Hitler's Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini.[634][635]


  • April 30, 2018.

Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas distorts history, comes up with silly "reasoning" for Hitler's hatred. He causes international firestorm.[636][637][638] Even after apologizing to Jews "if" (!) they were offended, he still failed to retract 'explicitly' his false statments.[639]


April 6, 2018: A Nazi swastika placed between two Palestinian flags during violence on the Israel-Gaza border.[647][648][649]


  • Apr 10, 2018.

Holocaust denial, libels and distortion at the Palestinian Authority official television. [650]


  • Apr 2018.

Palestinians TV despise the memory of Holocaust victims, showed a picture of hundreds of people killed in the Holocaust - and claimed that these were Palestinians who were "murdered" [sic] by Jews in 1948 as part of the War of Independence.[651]


On April 20, 2018, as incendiary kites Balloon terrorism are, these days, launched onto Israeli civilians by Hamas terrorists near the security fence separating Gaza and Israel, on this day (Hitler's birthday), Arab-Palestinians flew a swastika kite with petrol bomb across Gaza border into Israel.[652][653]


In April 2018, Arabs broke into a kibbutz's cherry orchards, stole a quarter of the crop and spray-painted a swastika.[654][655]


  • Arab Palestinians prepare incendiary kite with swastika.[656] When asked by the media, the Arab explains they want to burn them…[657] (May/2018)

May 4, 2018.
Hamas draws a swastika on a kite fitted with an incendiary bomb intended to burn Israel's fields near the Gaza border.[656] As an NPR guy tried to twist the event and put Israel in the bad light, the Arab Palestinian rather answered honestly: "This is what we mean, we want them to be burned."[657] More at the so called "GreatReturnMarch," a kite bears a swastika, and in the hands a Molotov Cocktail.[658]


  • Large Arabs spray-paint large Swastika covering about half of a door, in Shiloah (Silwan) area, Jerusalem (May/2018)

In May 2018, Arabs spray-painted swastikas in the Shiloah village of Jerusalem.[659]


  • July 19, 2018.

"Palestinian" Author Adham Sharkawi comes up with a fantasized "theory" to rationalize Hitler.[660]


  • Oct 2018.

Swastika sprayed in front of the Zodiac Bridge in Jaffa. Local comments about loud Arabic music late night and harassing Jewish girls. [دسر التمنيات]. [661]


  • Oct 2018.

Swastika and graffiti of 'Death to the J...s'[662] were spray-painted in a kindergarten for children with special needs in Jaffa One of the shocked parents: "we did not think anything would happen on a nationalist background."[663] Some asked a rhetorical question if security officials will investigate Arab price tag crimes, such as thus hate crime, as vigorously …[664]


  • Oct 19, 2018.

Palestinian Authority TV sermon: "Hitler was sent by Allah [sic] to punish [sic] the Jews - the preacher Masoud Rayyaan, a lecturer on Islamic Shari'a at Al-Quds Open University.[665]


  • Feb 27, 2019.
Fatah switches around story, adopting Nazi lie[666] where Jews & Ukrainians refused to bury each other.[667]

Kuibyshev, Nov. 26. – (JTA) Ten old men in a Ukrainian town – five of them Jews and the other five Ukrainians – were all buried alive by the Nazis when each group refused to inter the other, it was reported by a Red Army sergeant today, who was told of the mass burial by Zuni Greilich, the grandson of one of the Jewish victims. When the Germans invaded the village of Skarlivka, in the Kiev province, the greater part of the population fled and those who remained hid in the gardens and the fields. Young Greilich, who had taken refuge in the attic of his house, could see everything that was happening in the street below. A German officer, with whip in hand, selected ten bearded, elderly men – five Ukrainians and five Jews. They were each given a spade and ordered to dig a pit. When the pit had been half dug the Nazi ordered the Ukrainians to get out and instructed the Jews to continue digging. After a while he told the Ukrainians to take up their spades and to cover the Jews, who were still digging the pit, with the earth that had been dug up. The Ukrainians, however, just looked horrified when they heard the German officer's command and did not pick up their spades. When the Nazi saw that they would not obey his orders, he forced the Ukrainians to get into the pit and told the Jews to climb out and bury their neighbors. The Jews, among whom was Rachmiel Greilich, Zuni's grandfather, likewise refused to move. Using his foot, so that the old Ukrainians in the pit should not see him, the Nazi shoved some earth on top of them and called; "Look, the Jews are willing to bury you. You'd better get out and bury them." But the old men did not budge.

Thoroughly infuriated by this time, the Nazi shoved the old Jews into the pit, on top of the Ukrainians, and, together with his men, buried them all alive. Young Zuni succeeded in escaping from Skarlivka that night and after several days he encountered a Red Army detachment, including Sergeant Leizer Lieberman, to whom he told the story.


  • Mar 2019.

Arabs walking around in the IDF's training areas in Tze'elim wrote inscriptions in Arabic against Israel, drawing of swastikas, on one of the conference buildings.[668]


  • Seen in April 2019.

In restaurant at the Arab village Arraba (عرّابة, עראבה), a symbol associated with the BDS movement and found "Mein Kampf" on the bookshelf. Restaurant owner: "This is a legal book."[669][670]


  • Apr 2019.

Gaza "activist" Maryam Abu Moussa said: "We will throw Jews into ditches like Hitler.[671][672]


  • June 2019.

As phenomenon of violence and vandalism by Arab youth in the area has intensified, a a swastika was spray-painted in a Lod playground of girls.[673]


  • June 23, 2019.

On the Hamas owned Al Aqsa channel, Senior Hamas official Marwan Abu Ras: "Hitler was [sic] right in hating [sic] the Jews;" "Everything that was claimed to have happened in the Holocaust is a lie."[674][675]


  • July 4, 2019.

Nazi allied Mufti Haj Amin Al-Husseini, openly honored by (Palestinian Authority’s) Abbas' advisor on religious affairs and Islamic relations, Mahmoud Al-Habbash.[293]


  • Swastika with caption Islamic Jihad on packages thrown on Road in Judea[676] (July/2019)

July 2019.
Packages with swastikas and the caption "Islamic Jihad" were thrown from a vehicle on the Trans-Judea Road. Fear of explosives.[676][677]


On August 2, 2019, a "Palestinian" flag with Swastika flew during Gaza Riots of about around 6,000 participants.[678][679] (That was the only known occasion where Hamas put out a statement against such an act, after already being embarrassed by this highly publicized pic by the IDF, but it's reasoning was not that it's wrong, only that it is used by the Israelis against them.[680][681]).


  • Aug 12, 2019.

Two Arab youths (16), he been arrested after spray-painting swastikas on a wall in the old city of Jerusalem. They are charged with crimes on racist motives.[682]


  • Aug 2019.

Two 16-year-old Arabs were arrested on suspicion: of vandalizing real estate; of racist motives, in spray-painting the emblem of the Nazi regime on the streets of Jerusalem's old city, less than a day after Tisha B'Av.[683]


  • Aug 23, 2019.

Palestinian Arab Rioters Again Raise Nazi Swastika on Israel-Gaza Border.[684]

More on Nazi symbols at Gaza border.[685]


  • Aug 30, 2019.

Several Arab "demonstrators" on the Gaza Strip fence placed a sign with a swastika between two "Palestine" flags on mocked gallows, and beneath them, puppets of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the IDF's spokesman in Arabic.[686]


  • 2019.

Contrary to the law of Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" (in Arabic), was offered for sale, in the village of Reineh. It was removed after social activist noted it.[687][688]


  • Oct 2019.

Arabs, again, scrawl swastikas on Tomb of Joshua Bin-Nun.[689]


  • Nov 2019.

Swastika spray-painted in Nof haGalil (“Galilee landscape”) - the police have opened an investigation. In addition to the Nazi emblem found in the city, residents reported a number of graffiti and inscriptions against Jews. It comes on the hills of Arab-Jewish tension in land sales.[690][691][692]


  • Dec 11, 2019.

Quds News Network have posted the photo of "Palestinian" Students getting their Hitler salute, on their Arabic page: students marking the 52nd anniversary of the establishment of terror group Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) at Birzeit University in Ramallah.[693][694]


  • Feb 2020.

Fatah posts Nazi themed caricature.[695]


*Publicized in Feb. 2020.

Hamas flags, shouting 'death to Israel' and saluting with raised hand in Jerusalem. As it was posted, a "Palestinian" Muslim (in Ramle) Radi Swis was OK with the phenomenon because it's "their" land, he claims. Another Muslim, Amir Nikola liked the event, uttered the Islamic theme reference to their visionary future and added a smiley.[696]


  • March 29, 2020.

Seif Da'na, a Palestinian-American Professor of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside, said in an interview on Manar TV (Hizbullah – Lebanon): "Hitler did not do (sic) anything 'out of the ordinary,' (sic) but is viewed as Satan because he did it in Europe."[697]


  • Hamas hackers crack into Zoom broadcast of Goldin family - whose 23-yr old son was kidnapped and murdered by Hamas. Swastikas, curses and Holocaust denial at the crack.[698] (Apr/2020)

April-2020. As the family of Hadar Goldin (who was kidnapped and murdered by terror organization Hamas at the age of 23), had broadcasted via zoom, Hamas crackers broke into the broadcast of the Goldin family from the Gaza border and drew swastikas, cursed.[698]


  • Apr 2020.

At a funeral in Sai'r (Si'r) , "Palestinian" flags and the Fatah movement a swastika, while senior "Palestinian" Authority officials look on. Girls singing "Millions of martyrs [Shahid] march to Jerusalem."[699]


  • June 2020.

A swastika and 'F..., F... Israel' on a wall - meters from the United States Embassy building in Jerusalem.[700]


  • Aug 2020.

Shock and dismay, as Arab rioters spray-painted swastikas in the tent of the Abuhatzira family on the Mount of Olives.[701]


  • Sept 2020.

A swastika and cursing graffiti were spray-painted with an inscription in Arabic on the path leading to a synagogue in the northern neighborhood in the Nof haGallil neighborhood.[702]


  • Refaat Alereer, "author" out of Gaza, replying to a Twitter noting Y. Rabin was a peacemaker, Refaat replied "So was Hitler". (Sep/25/2020)
Refaat Alareer "educating" his daughter toddler: She asked: "Dad who created the J..s?"[703]
"I could not answer her question. Unfortunately." - Refaat Alareer.[703]

On Sep 25, 2020, a twitter 'Lou' tweeted: 'Rabin was a peacemaker.' Gaza author/"activist" Refaat Aleerer (@itranslate123) replied: 'So was Hitler.'

On May 13, 2021,[704] a "contributor" piece appeared in the NYT by a vicious racist spreading Nazi type of venom (including his boasting, his child at the age of 5/6, asked him who created the Jews, and he said he couldn't answer her[703]) - Gaza "author" Refaat Alareer, claiming his child supposedly "asked" him something about bombing.[705] In order to justify his war, he stated that all Israel are "soldiers."[704] Which of course includes the elderly, the children, most of ultra Orthodox Haredi who choose not to serve on the IDF for religious reasons, especially a large percentage of Jerusalem's neighborhoods who are as much of target by Arab Islamic racist attackers.

(Sadly, he was appraised by Patrick Kingsley in the New York Times[706] and Haaretz, hurried to translate Kingsley's piece,[707] yet, knows very well Refaat's long hatemongering. Then, on Dec 13, 2021, NYT retracted it's piece on Refaat by Kingsley about poem.[708] It issued an astonishing editor’s note that effectively retracts the entire piece by this ‘’Antisemitic Gaza professor.’’[709])


  • The monument in memory of Yossi Shuk, who was murdered in an Arab terrorists' shooting attack in 2005, was painted black. Swastikas were spray-painted on road signs near the monument.[710] (Oct/2020)

Oct 2020. A monument, near Hebron, in memory of Yossi Shuk, who was killed in an Arab shooting attack in 2005, was vandalized, swastikas were spray-painted on road signs near the monument.[710][711]


  • Oct 7, 2020.

PA/Fatah official Jibril Rajoub: "Mussolini was a kindergarten compared to B.N."[712]


  • Nov 2020.

Prominent Salafi-Jihadi cleric Abu Qatadah Al-Filastini recommends reading 'The Protocols' and 'Mein Kampf' to "understand" modern political history. (He was born Omar Mahmoud Othman in 1959/1960, in Bethlehem).[713]


  • Nov 2020.

"Palestinians" in Toronto, Canada, object to change Nazi Street Name. Voiced through Ashmeed Khan.[714][715]


  • Dec 2020.

Arabic inscriptions and Nazi symbols were painted on a water reservoir in kibbutz Sde Boker in the Negev desert of southern Israel.[716][717]


Beit Ummar 2013-2021

(Beit Ummar has a history of acts of terror.[718][719][720][721][722][723])


  • Hoisting Nazi flag at Beit Ummar, near their Mosque, May 2013[724]


Large Nazi flag was hoisted near its Mosque in Beit Ummar near Hebron in May 2013.[261][725][726]


  • "Palestinians" put high up a swastika, proudly, again - within 5 months.[727] Beit Ummar. (Oct/2013) IDF attempting to remove it encountered violent opposition, to the satisfaction of the residents who even proudly described the incident on the local Facebook page. Among other things, it was written, "Today, the Knights of the House say hang the Hitler flag on a high-voltage power cord ... Bless you for your efforts."[510]

It was again hoisted within 5 months, in Oct. 2013.[727] Report:[510] IDF forces who arrived at the scene and tried to lower the flag encountered violent opposition, to the satisfaction of the residents who even described the incident on the local Facebook page. Among other things, it was written, "Today, the Knights of the House say hang the Hitler flag on a high-voltage power cord ... Bless you for your efforts."


  • Arabs riot across Israel, Swastika flag seen hoisted above Palestinian town,[728] Beit Ummar, again. (July/2014)

Then again the Nazi flag flew in July, 2014.[728][718]


  • Nazi flag again at Ummar, days after terrorists injured a Jew in the area, with rocks, as he was with wife and toddler

On August 26, 2014, 3 days after injuring Yedaya Shrachton with rocks, while on his way home with his wife and toddler daughter,[719] Beit Ummar Arabs' were at it again, flying Nazi flag. (And Molotov cocktails were reported thrown over the settlement fence).[729]


On Sep. 25, 2021, as Arab Palestinians hoisting the Nazi flag at Beit Ummar, the IDF shut it down by shooting at it.[730][731][732][733]


  • Feb. 2, 2021.

The Palestinian Authority correctly describes the incitement used by the Nazis to create hatred toward the Jews, such as “Jews are like [sic] rats” and [supposedly] “spread diseases, rob the wealth of Germany,” however distorts the Nazi genocide of Jews as merely “the expulsion of the Jews.” It also distorts history about Arab massacre of Jews in the 1920s.[734]


  • Feb 4, 2021.

Gaza Islamic scholar Dr. Taher Lulu said that the J... are behind all the corruption [sic] and destruction of moral values in the world and dared sugar-coated Hitler in rewriting history. He also said that female suicide bombers are Palestinian role models. [735]


  • Mar 1, 2021.

Part of a trend of Palestinian Authority: Hijacking Holocaust terminology to perpetuate falsities and demonize, on its official TV: "The occupation has significantly succeeded in Judaizing a large part of Hebron and turning Hebron into a [sic] ghetto. Therefore we must dismantle this ghetto, which is the settlements, and which is similar to the [sic] Nazi period…"[736] Asides from sheer rewiring WW2 history, what was a ghetto at the time and who the victims were it's also - the brightening of the face of Nazism.[737]


  • Mar 2021.

In telegram series advising followers to read Mein Kampf, Salafi-Jihadi ideologue Abu Qatadah Al-Filastini: "Hitler's views on Jews were [sic] accurate, Holocaust was [sic] Justified. (He was born Omar Mahmoud Othman in 1959/1960, in Bethlehem).[738]


  • Apr 24, 2021.

On Saturday early morning, swastikas and abusive graffiti in Arabic were spray-painted on the walls of a house in the heart of the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem.[739]


  • May 2021.

Two young Arab Majd al-Krum players physically attack referee and assistant, shout in Arabic death to Jews and one of them performs Nazi salute.[740]


  • May 2021.

Arab criminals (epidemic of[741]) step up burglaries with antisemitic attacks in the Negev. On the night between 6-7 May, 2021, Swastika Painting on a vehicle of Kibbutz Hatzerim, a kibbutz member was attacked, houses were broken into.[742]


  • Yusuf Naim, a nurse at Hadassah Hospital, posted a picture of a swastika next to the caption "Nazi Palestinian" on his Instagram account.[743]

In May 2021, Yusuf Naim, an Arab Nurse at Hadassah Hospital in Israel, posted a picture of a Swastika next to the caption "Nazi Palestinian" on his Instagram account. [744]


  • Swastika and "Palestine" flag, Pisgat Ze'ev (May/2021).[745]

May 16, 2021
Swastikas with "Palestine" flag at Pisgat Ze'ev.[745]


  • Palestine Arab among those targeting a 97-year-old Auschwitz survivor[746] (May/22/21)

May 22, 2021.
"Palestine" Arab (located in US) TikTok "activist" - Sabbah Masen among cruel targeting of a 97 years old Holocaust survivor on TikTok.[747][746]


  • At KKL: Swastika, promoting Hamas, "Palestine" flag (May/2021).[748]

May 2021.
Swastika and graffiti, including promoting Hamas and the Palestine flag, on the KKL's picnic table in the forest Segev at the Board of Misgav in Galilee.[748]


The BBC came under fire, after an Arab "palestine" based journalist in Ramallah, Tala Halawa, who staunchly supported Bella Hadid anti-Israel tweets (which was laced with that apartheid slur), was exposed for her "Hitler was [sic] right" and other hate tweets.[749][750]


  • May 2021.

A 40-year-old Arab from Lod was arrested after he said in the video "the way Hitler burned you, they will burn you more."[751]


  • Muslims threaten Christians in Nazareth, Nazi Swastikas and Communist Hammer and sickle spray painted.[752] (May/2021)

In May 2021, Muslims threaten Christians in Nazareth, "Palestine" flag, Nazi Swastikas and Communist Hammer and sickle spray painted. [752]


  • June 13, 2021.

Eichmann inspired terrorist three generations family - flattered by PA. The PA's official newspaper dedicated a flattering article to the family whose grandfather was a terrorist who was arrested and later deported. The grandfather decided to name his son Eichmann after and as a sign of identification with the Nazi tyrant Adolf Eichmann, the architect of the "Final Solution" who was executed at the time. The Palestinian Eichmann continued his father's path, and was arrested and imprisoned for his involvement in terrorism. Today, the son of the Palestinian Eichmann is also behind bars.[297]


  • June 27, 2021.

A group of youths paint swastika on a tree,[753][754] near a "Palestinian" restaurant at Arab section of Bay Ridge (in Brooklyn, NY) sometimes dubbed "little Palestine,"[755] because of influx from West Bank.

(Related:
-Bay Ridge's Waseem Awawdeh[756] charged In Anti-Semitic hate crime in physically attacking a yarmulke wearing young man in NY on May 20, 2021, after arrest, showing no remorse, he shouted: ‘I would do it again.’[757] On May 23, 2021, freshly released from prison, Waseem Awawdeh was hailed As hero. Horrifying footage circulated in which the freshly released Awawdeh is seen celebrating. He is being carried on the shoulders of his supporters, who are yelling “Free Palestine!” The man taking the video also can be heard calling Awawdeh his “hero.”[758]
-Anti-Semitic attack Dec 2021. Photo showing suspect the Arab attacker.[759][760]
- Swastika spray painting on Jewish school in Park Slope on Dec 13, 2020. (Arab in photo)[761][762]).


  • July 2021.

A teen attendee of Islamic Jihad (PIJ) Gaza 'Sword of Jerusalem' summer camp: "Hitler left some of you alive to show us how wicked you are."[763] See also: Palestinian child soldiers


  • Muna Nabeel El Kurd & Hitler[764]

Muna Nabeel el-Kurd, who together with her twin brother were featured in Time's 100 influential in 2021,[765] appears to be a Hitler fan, as in her Dec/2018 posting of Hitler.[764][766] (Mohammed El-Kurd has glorified terrorists as martyrs, celebrated the murder of civilians,[767] and ethnic cleansing, and believes all Israelis are terrorists.[768]).


May/2021, During Guardian of Walls, and as Hamas threatened to fire missiles at Haifa, in the Carmelia neighborhood of the city, "individuals" drew a swastika on the road and the pair of words in English: FREE PALESTINEYS.[769][770]

Related. In May, 2021:[771]

Violence broke out in Jerusalem and Gaza, and social networks in Arabic were filled with reactions such as "Hitler was [sic] right" and pictures of swastikas. Some of the responses were sent to cyberspace by bots. Many others were written by real people who grew up and were educated in an atmosphere of Holocaust denial and anti-Semitism.



  • Nazi salute at "Palestinian" Fatah ceremony (Lebanon, 2021)[773]

June 2021.
Arab "Palestinian" scouts in Lebanon turn scout salute into Nazi-like salute, "will sacrifice our blood for Palestine." [773]


On August 14, 2021, Arab-Palestinians near Evyayar, erected flaming Swastika, Star of David .[774][733][775][776][777] (The Swastika burning was after Evyatar has already been evacuated.[778][779] in July).

The Palestinian Authority and Fatah stood behind and supported the protest events, and they refrained from commenting directly on the performance. Videos from the Hamas Al-Quds channel have been uploaded with videos of the swastika burning, in which many people, including children, can be seen holding torches burning around the display that caught fire.[307] When challenged, organizers replied: “Yes, we want to burn you (plural -Ed.) alive. That is all we are working for.”[780]


  • Arab Nazi who sprayed these swastikas in Huwara - captured, Oct 22. 2021
The "hero".[781]

Oct 22, 2021.
Nazi Arab who spray-painted swastikas in Huwara, Samaria was captured.[782][781][783][784][785] His name: Walid Khaled Saleh Odeh.[786] He is an inciter, called on his neighbors to attack military forces and Jews. He wrote of a terrorist who murdered a baby and two soldiers: "This is the pride of every Palestinian."[787]


  • Seen on Oct 25, 2021.

In Ashdod, on a boulevard, a serious abusive graffiti, praising Hitler and hinting at a massacre of Jews. Among other things were a swastika, the middle finger, and the symbols of Judaism, Islam and Christianity were adjacent to each other. In addition, Hitler's name was written next to the Swastika and the word 'Blood' in English. (And initials 'F.P.' - "Free Palestine"?) [788][789]


  • Oct-Dec 2021.

Mixed Jewish-Arab cities in Israel, especially: Lod, Acre, still hit with the plague of Arabs attacking hews on racial ground. Arabs marking homes of Jews with swastikas or with an X. The police get their hands full with the high crime in Arab sector, than to focus on the nationalism, racism.[790][791]



  • Oct/Nov 2021.

Musa Darwish (Arab living in Israel, employed by Israeli Jews, well paying job), posing Hitler's Mein Kampf book as he is on his job operating a crane.[792][793][794]


  • Arab "Palestinians" hung Nazi flag on the road leading between Chomesh and Shavei Shomron[795] (Nov/2021)

Nov 2, 2021.
Arabs hung a Nazi flag in West Bank on the road leading between Chomesh and Shavei Shomron.[795][796][797] Regional head blamed: "The Nazi Flag in Chomesh - Because of the Many Evacuations and the Failure to Treat Arab Terrorism in the Area."[798]


  • Nov 10, 2021.

"Palestinian" Arab author, Susan Abulhawa compared saying "Hitler didn't finish the job,"[799] to what an MK shouted at Arab MK who support terrorism: "you are here by mistake because Ben-Gurion did not finish the job in '48 and did not throw you out."[800][801] He again clarified that he "meant [Ahmed] Tibi and [Ayman] Odeh and their friends who support terrorism."[802] (Even according to propagandists who falsely tried to expand his words to mean to other Arabs too. Transfer is still not genocide).

Related:

On March 27, 2020, Susan Abulhawa, who has appeared as a speaker at events for the vociferously anti-Israel magazine Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, tweeted that "Israel is a pathogen, a 72 year old coronavirus epidemic for Palestinians."[803]

Sep 5, Sep 7, 2020, in two tweets, Susan Abulhawa referred to Israel as "the biggest (sic) Satan" and incorporated conspiratorial tropes about nefarious Israeli control of foreign affairs.[804]


  • Nov 10, 2021.

At a Safed College (‘’Zefat Academic College’’), Arabs laugh about the Holocaust, during a Holocaust-related course. They leave the inscription "Nazis" on the table of the only Jewish student among 57 Arabs in the class. The inscription intended to all Jews as a whole. The Jewish student left the college, after a series of antisemitic incidents by the Arabs. Especially since talk about Sheikh Jerrah in Jerusalem came up.[805][806]

(Related, in 2018, within a decade: an 82% jump in the number of Arab students. Israel grants research scholarships and honors to Arab graduate students.[807])


  • Swastika at Ramot, Be'er Sheva[808] (Nov/2021)

Nov 28, 2021.
Swastika at Ramot neighborhood in Be'er Sheva.[808] It has been said, that if it had been a Jew writing against an Arab, it would make the headlines and even internationally.[809]


  • Jewish victim, robbed and a swastika was painted,[810] at a wave of crimes by the Arab sector (Nov/2021)

Nov 28, 2021.
Rioters broke into a container in the Jordan Valley, stole agricultural equipment, vandalized the place and spray-painted a swastika on the door. Described as: agricultural terrorism, Antisemitic terrorism.[811] Most agricultural crimes are by Arabs abs it comes on the heels of other Arab made swastikas.[810]


  • Dec 2021.

At Palestinian Authority Birzeit University, PFLP Student Parade Marking Movement's 54th Anniversary: Participants Give Nazi Salute, Carry Mock Explosive Belts, Mock Rockets [812]


  • Dec 2021.

In Lod on a bus stop: Swastikas and inscription: "Palestine in sight" and reference to 'barrage.' As well as Arabic inscription. [813]

See also

References

  1. Dan Williams, "Survey finds 28 pct of Israeli Arabs deny Holocaust," Reuters, Mar 20, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Palestinian Holocaust Denial, Washington Institute, Apr 21, 2000
  3. Seif Husseini, Emily Schrader, Holocaust Denial in the Arab World, JPost, May 9, 2018
  4. 4.0 4.1 search at PalWatch
  5. Maurice Hirsch, Adv., "Hijacking Holocaust terminology to perpetuate falsities and demonize Israel," PMW, Apr 7, 2021.
  6. Leon Wieseltier, Palestinian Perversion of the Holocaust, The New York Times, June 12, 1988
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Swastika Retuns, WSJ, April 9, 2002.

    For most people, the Nazi swastika means one thing -- the Holocaust. So strong is this vile association with the Nazi slaughter of 12 million people, including six million Jews, that in some European countries, its display or sale can be a crime. So it is nothing short of shocking that in the past two weeks, posters, graffiti and placards have proliferated across the Continent displaying variations on the same theme: star of david and a swastika linked with an equals sign. Which is to say, the Israelis are now (supposedly) Nazis.

    The attempt to compare the 2,000 or so Palestinian deaths over the last 18 months -- most of them the result of armed combat with Israelis -- to Hitler's systematic massacre of millions of Jews in gas chambers and death camps would be absurd if it were not so insidious. But the analogy is not merely inaccurate.

    Tying the Jews to the Holocaust in this way has a special resonance that is as old and evil as anti-Semitism itself. For it is not simply that the Jewish state is being falsely accused of genocide, but specifically of the same genocide of which they were themselves the victims. Tying Israel to Hitler and his crimes has a way of appearing to excuse the real Holocaust. Binding together Israel and Nazi Germany in this way thus has the benefit of relieving Europe's lingering, deep-seated guilt over the Holocaust.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Allegation: Israel’s Actions Against the Palestinians Can be Compared to the Nazis, ADL.

    The murder of six million Jews and millions of others carried out by the Nazis and their collaborators was the largest recorded genocide in modern history. Absolutely no comparison can be made between the complex Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the atrocities committed by the Nazis against the Jews.

    While one can criticize Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians, in contrast to the Holocaust, there is not now, nor has there been, a significant Israeli ideology, movement, policy or plan to exterminate the Palestinian population.

    The Nazis’ “final solution” to the “Jewish problem” was the deliberate, systematic and mechanized extermination of European Jewry. Hitler’s final solution led to the calculated, premeditated murder of six million Jews and the destruction of thriving Jewish communities across Europe.

    Israel says that its policies towards the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip are based on security concerns and the need to defend its population in the face of terrorist acts. But while these policies can certainly be scrutinized and criticized, they are in no way akin to the policies and actions of the Nazis and the Third Reich.

    By comparing Israel to Nazis, some seek to label Israel as a singularly, uniquely evil state on earth, playing upon old antisemitic stereotypes that treat Jews as demonic and uniquely evil.

    Moreover, it can be argued that those that make the comparison between the Jewish state and the Nazis and Hitler – who perpetrated the greatest and largest act of antisemitism in world history – have not chosen this comparison innocently or dispassionately. It is a charge that is purposefully directed at Jews in an effort to associate the victims of Nazi crimes with the Nazi perpetrators and serves to diminish the significance and uniqueness of the Holocaust.

    To make such a comparison is antisemitic and constitutes blatant hostility toward Jews, Jewish history and the legitimacy of the Jewish State of Israel.
  9. Jeffrey Herf, "Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World," (Yale University, 2009), pp.15-16.
  10. Robert S. Wistrich, "Holocaust Denial: The Politics of Perfidy," (De Gruyter, 2012), p.219.
  11. Motadel, David. 2015. "The Swastika and the Crescent." Wilson Quarterly (Winter).
    Whereas he perceived Islam to be a superior religion, Hitler saw its Arab adherents as an inferior race
  12. National Alliance, Holocaust Deniers React to 9/11 Attacks | Southern Poverty Law Center, SPLC, Mar 5, 2002.
  13. Martin A. Lee, "The Beast Reawakens," Taylor & Francis, 2000, p. 122; Martin A. Lee, "The Swastika and the Crescent," Aijac, May 2002.
  14. Pan Arabism Arabism = racism
  15. Fisk, Robert, "The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East," (Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2007), Chapter 11.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Ofer Regev, "Hitler, al-Husseini, and 71 years to Operation Atlas", Mida, Oct 9, 2015.
    In 1944, laden with heavy equipment and barrels of deadly poison, Germans and Arabs in the vicinity of Jerusalem secretly landed for a joint operation against the Jewish community. He visited Auschwitz, recruited thousands of Muslims to serve the Reich, and even pushed for the establishment of an extermination camp in Israel.
    Husseini himself, in his book The Truth About the Palestine Problem, wrote:

    "Hitler hated the Jews ... Hitler is now avenging this accursed [sic] race ..." Operation Atlas.

    Following the defeat of the Nazis in the third battle of El Alamein (November 1942), the idea of 'Operation Atlas' took shape. The planning of the operation included the secret parachuting of a group of fighters consisting of Muslims, members of the Nazi pioneering training program, and Germans from the Templar colonies in Israel, who would be equipped with ten large containers of deadly poison. According to Prof. Yossi Ben-Artzi, the cell was supposed to rekindle the Arab uprising and create a new front in the Nazi campaign, and according to Prof. Yoav Gelber, the cell was intended for an intelligence purpose of recruiting and training aides. According to the accepted version, the members of the cell sought to poison the springs of Rosh HaAyin and bring about the death of a quarter of a million Jews in the Land of Israel.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Stav, Arie. Peace—Arab Caricature: A Study in Antisemitic Image. Tel Aviv: Zmora-Bitan, 1995, p. 95.

    The evaluation of Arab Nazism in the 1930s, with Hitler's rise to power, must be seen against this background of identity values. The common explanation as if there was a common interest of hostility to France and Britain, which united allies against a common enemy and allegedly pushed the Arabs into Hitler's arms is only a partial explanation, but as a basic claim it is tainted with excessive simplicity and historical distortion. Admiration for Hitler and his party existed on the Arab street as early as the days of the Fuhrer's struggle in the 1920s, and it erupted with great enthusiasm immediately upon his rise to power in 1933. The first congratulatory telegrams he received the day after his appointment as chancellor came to him from Wolf, the German consul in Jerusalem, following which warm greetings flowed from other Arab countries.

    Although the violation of the Versailles Agreements was a blatant defiance of France and Britain, it came only in 1936, with the violation of the ban on armaments of Germany, and in 1938 with the "Anschluss" - annexation of Austria.

    In 1933, and in the period that lasted at least until the attack on Poland in September 1939, there was no reason to assume that Hitler, an "Anglophile" who based (in Mein Kampf) Germany's long-term strategy of cooperating with Great Britain as a principle of the new world order, as he envisioned it, would the one who would save the Arabs from English colonialism.

    As soon as Hitler came to power, parties were formed in Arab countries that were imitations of National Socialism. Such as a social-nationalist party in Syria led by Anton Saada, which openly and enthusiastically copied the hallmarks of Nazism. Saada, who used to present himself as the "Fuhrer of the Syrian nation," stated in his party platform that "the Syrians are a 'superior race' by their very nature."
  18. Various. Routledge Library Editions: History of the Middle East. N.p.: Taylor & Francis, 2021. 263; Hirszowicz, Łukasz. The Third Reich and the Arab East. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 1966.
  19. Haj Amin and Berlin [Ḥag' Amin u-Berlin / G'eni Lebel]. 1996. 33.
    בשנת 1937 ביקר בדמשק , בבגדאד ובטהראן באלדור פון שיראך (Baldur von Schirach), מנהיג הנוער ההיטלראי, בדמשק נשאל פון שיראך על־ידי עיתונאים, כיצד אפשר להשלים בין התעמולה הנאצית בארצות ערב לבין תורת הגזע, המעמידה את הערבים בדרגה י"ב במעלת הגזעים. העיתונות הערבית ציינה אז שפון שיראך התחמק ונמנע מלתת תשובה הגיונית לשאלה זו.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Assaf, Michael. The Arab Awakening and Flight [Toldoth Hith'oreruth Ha'aravim Webrihatam]. Vol. 3. Pt 2. Tel Aviv: Hinuch Vetarbut, 1970. 284-5.

    1934. With the appearance of the daily newspaper A-Difa'a (Defense) in Jaffa, which was edited by a Muslim, a race and competition began, and the decision was finally in favor of the Arab-Muslim press. In 1935, a partisan daily newspaper of the Husseins also began to appear, edited by Jamal al-Husseini - "Al-Liwa" (The Flag), which was discontinued in 1937. The great competition between "Falastin" and "A-Difa" caused a front-line improvement - Professional in terms of speed in delivering news, disclosure, expansion and revelation, the Egyptian newspaper, large and rich, which had many readers in the country, and especially as the air connection between the two countries tightened was not the model and example for newspapers such as "Falastin" and "Difa'e," but Lebanese and Syrian newspapers, which were limited and had many shortcomings from a professional journalistic point of view ...

    He was a young Muslim, Ibrahim a-Shanti, a member of the Qalqilya who became rich (also from business with - the Jews, brokering the sale of land and more). He grew up and was educated in the British period, that is, in the period of the Arab national tide on the one hand and the nationalist, fascist-Nazi tide on the other. The newspaper was founded in 1934, that is - in fact Mussolini's preparations for an attack on Abyssinia and the beginning of the explorations of Nazi Germany in the Middle East. Although this newspaper served very carefully, it followed the policy of the fascist-Nazi axis in Palestine, as it was encapsulated in a venomous, aggressive and comprehensive pan-Arab propaganda (ie, continuous pan-Islamism as well)...

    אסף‬‎, ‫מיכאל‬‎. ‫תולדות התעוררות הערבים בארץ־ישראל ובריחתם‬‎. Israel: Tarbut ṿe-ḥinukh, 1970. 284-5‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    1934, עם הופעת העתון היומי "א־דיפאע" (ההגנה) ביפו, שעורכו מוסלם היה, החלו מרוץ ותחרות, וההכרעה היתה לבסוף לטובת העתונות הערבית-מוסלמית. בשנת 1935 החל להופיע גם עתון יומי מפלגתי של החוסיינים, בעריכת ג'מאל אל-חוסייני - "אל־ליוא" (הדגל), שהופסק בשנת 1937. ההתחרות הגדולה בין "פלסטין" ו"א-דיפאע" גרמה בשורה הראשונה - שיפור עתונאי מקצועי בכל הנוגע למהירות במסירת ידיעות, לגילויין, להרחבתן ולריבויין, העתונות היומית המצרית, הגדולה והעשירה, שהיו לה קוראים רבים בארץ, וביחוד עם התהדק החיבור האוירי בין שתי הארצות לא היתה המופת והדוגמה לעתונים כ"פלסטין" ו"א־דיפאע", אלא עתוני לבנון וסוריה, שהיו מצומצמים ולקויים בחסרונות רבים מבחינה עתונאית מקצועית... היה צעיר מוסלם, אבראהים א-שאנטי, בן פלחים מקלקיליה שהתעשרו (גם מעסקים עם - היהודים, תיווך במכירת קרקעות ועוד). הוא גדל והתחנך בתקופה הבריטית, כלומר - בתקופת הגיאות הלאומית הערבית מזה והגיאות הלאומנית, הפאשית־נאצית מזה. העתון נוסד בשנת 1934, דהיינו - בעצם ההכנות של מוסוליני להתקפה על חבש והתחלת הגישושים של גרמניה הנאצית במזרח התיכון. ואמנם שירת עתון זה בצורה זהירה מאוד, אולם עקיבה, קולעת ומצליחה, את המדיניות של הציר הפאשי־נאצי בארץ-ישראל, כשהיא מובלעת בתעמולה פאן-ערבית ארסית, תקיפה וכוללת (כלומר הרצופה גם פּאַן־איסלאמיות)...

  21. ha-Arets - הארץ, 29 November 1938.

    הערבים "נחותי־גזע", לפי היטלר

    עתוני קהיר ודמשק פוקחים את עיני קוראיהם על משמעותה האמיתית של תורת הנאצים

    דמשק, (פלקור). תחת הכותרת "הערבים הם מגזע נחות — אומר היטלר" פרסם העתון הדמשקאי 'אלף־בא' את מאמרו החריף של השבועון המצרי, 'רוז אל־יוסף' על התרגום הערבי "של מלחמתי" של היטלר. בהקדמה כותב 'אלף־בא' שמעטים הם הערבים, היודעים "שהיטלר רואה בעם הערבי אומה נחותה שאיננה ראויה לשלטון עצמי ולעמוד בדרגה תרבותית וחברתית אחת עם העמים ה"אריים". הוא מעמיד אותה בספרו בדרגה אחת עם העמים השחורים של אפריקה. אחרי זה מספר העתון, בקיצור, על הרעש שהקים במצרים התרגום הערבי של ספר 'מלחמתי' שהשמיט, מתוך כוונה להטעות את הקוראים, את כל הקטעים שמדברים בגנותם של המצרים, ומביא את מאמרו של 'רוז אל־יוסף' במלואו.

  22. The Palestine Post, 14 August 1939 —BELGRADE MOSLEMS WARN ARABS
  23. Palestine Post⁩⁩, 4 August 1940.

    "National Awakening," a new book by C. Zureiq, a promising young professor at the American University of Beirut, was reviewed by Nicolas Eff. Ziyadi yesterday. The writer advocates a thorough study of the Arab heritage, the establishing of links with the past and also a search for guidance by means of a study of Western methods. He urrges that the Arab people must examine themselves honestly and remedy their weeknesses.

    Dr. Salwa Khouri, whose medical talks have proved to be very popular, spoke on dietetics for babies, and their general care.

    A talk by an Arab Officer who had served in the Turkish Army was read yesterday. After referring to the ill nature of the arrogance German officers, the writer said that Germany had exploited her earlier friendship with Turkey to the latter's detriment . Now she was trying to repeat this experiment with the

    Arab and Moslem world. Hitler really believed that the Arabs were stupid enough to believe his honeyed words of friendship and independence. The Nazi movement was above all an imperialistic one and the Arabs realised this. Had not the Haifa air raids proved Hitler's intentions? —B
  24. Ha-Tzofeh, Dec 25, 1940
  25. The Palestine Post, 14 October 1942 10,000 MOSLEM ARABS TORMENTED BY NAZIS
  26. Leila Khaled at SFSU, ADL. September 3, 2020.
  27. Leila Khaled: In Her Own Words, ADL, October 2, 2020.
  28. Autobiography of Leila Khaled, edited by George Hajjar, 1973.
  29. Haaretz, Nov 07, 1941

    The zeal of a follower of racial theory

    One of the doctors at a hospital in the north of England recounted an act in which a young German pilot was brought to the hospital seriously injured and suffering from heavy blood loss.

    It became clear to the doctor that if they did not make a blood transfusion to the pilot, he would die, and this was explained to him. This one vehemently opposed the offer of transfusion, saying he could not bear the contamination of his Aryan blood. By canceling his prejudices, the doctor promised him that they would use only the blood of a volunteer from the Ari Blondie type. The pilot stood his ground.

    The hospital register had many volunteers and in the hope that he would remove the fears from the pilot's heart, the doctor selected six of the tallest, pinkest and blondest blood donors, who were brought to the wounded man to see with his own eyes that no "dark" blood would go to his "northern" veins. But in vain. He said that death is better for him than for the message to the blood infection. And indeed he died in his fight against generous hands who prepared the injection of sedatives.

    הארץ, 7 בנובמבר, 1941.

    קנאותו של חסיד תורת הגזע

    אחד הרופאים בבית חולים בצפון אנגליה סיפר מעשה שהיה בטייס גרמני צעיר, שהובא לבית החולים פצוע קשה וסובל מאיבוד דם רב.

    נתברר לו לרופא, שאם לא יעשו ערוי־דם לטייס מות ימות, ודבר זה הוסבר לו. הלה התנגד בתוקף להצעת הערוי, באמרו שלא יוכל לשאת את זיהום דמו הארי. אגב ביטול דעותיו הקדומות הבטיח לו הרופא שישתמשו רק בדמו של מתנדב מטפוס ארי בלונדי. הטייס עמד בסרובו. בפנקס בית החולים היו רשומים מתנדבים רבים ומתוך תקווה שיסיר את החששות מלבו של הטייס, בחר הרופא בששה נותני דם מן הגבוהים, הוורודים והבלונדים ביותר, שהובאו בפני הפצוע כדי שיראה במו עיניו כי לא יערו דם "כהה" לורידיו ה"צפוניים". אך לשוא. "הוא אמר כי טוב לו המות מאשר להמסר לזיהום הדם". ואמנם מת בלחמו נגד ידים נדיבות שהכינו את הזרקת סמים מרדימים.

  30. This World [HaOlam HaZeh], Nov 7, 1962. [1][2].
    Was Joseph Vissarionovich Djugashvili, Known as Stalin, a Jew?

    It turns out that this question greatly troubled Adolf Hitler.

    This week, British journalist Sefton Delmer published his memoirs, revealing that Hitler's personal photographer had told him that Hitler had personally instructed him to inquire into the matter.

    The photographer was sent with the Nazi foreign minister to Moscow at the time of signing the famous Soviet-German agreement.

    Hitler told him: "Listen, I want you to get as close to Stalin as possible and take a picture of his earlobe. I want to know if the earlobe is close to the face, meaning that he is Jewish, or that he is free, meaning that he is Aryan. It's very important for me to know that."

    The photographer returned to Hitler with a photograph of his ear proving that Stalin was not a Jew.

    גליון #1313 - 7 בנובמבר 1962

    האם היה יוסף ואסיריונוביץ דג׳וגאשווילי, המכונה סטאלין, יהודי?

    מסתבר כי שאלה זו הטרידה מאד את אדולף היטלר.

    השבוע פירסם העתונאי הבריטי ספטון דלמר את זכרונותיו, גילה כי צלמו הפרטי של היטלר סיפר לו, שהיטלר הטיל עליו אישית לברר את העניין. הצלם נשלח יחד עם שר־החוץ הנאצי למוסקבה בשעת חתימת ההסכם הסובייטי־הגרמני המפורסם. אמר לו היטלר :״שמע, אני רוצה שתתקרב עד כמה שאפשר אל סטאלין ותצלם את תנוך־האוזן שלו. אני רוצה לדעת אם התנוך צמוד לפנים, כלומר שהוא יהודי, או שהוא חופשי, כלומר ארי. חשוב לי מאד לדעת זאת.״

    הצלם חזר להיטלר, כשבידו תצלום של האוזן, שהוכיח כי סטאלין אינו יהודי.

    30.10.1962, 13.00 Uhr - aus DER SPIEGEL 44/1962

  31. The Palestine Post 28 August 1938 —A NAZI TRIPPER'S PALESTINE.
    Of course the author is 'pro Arab.' To read him you would never guess that the Arabs are Semites and therefore sub-human. If the Italians are "Aryans" and the Japanese "Honorary Aryans," why shouldn’t the Arabs be people acceptable by Nazi standards, worthy of Germany's friendship?
  32. Iyunim bitkumat Yisrael, 1997, p. 254
    The yellow race and the black race are the most "dangerous" of our time for the Aryan race, according to Russian neo-fascist racism (in this matter they have a grievance against their leader Adolf Hitler for for some reason removing the Russians from the respected family of Aryan nations).
  33. David Patterson, A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad (Cambridge, UK; Cambridge University Press, 2010), 111
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 R. Mather, "Hitler's war against Jews continues in 'Palestine'", JPost, Mar 16, 2015.

    When Hitler proclaimed the Nuremberg Race Laws in 1935, a number of Palestinian Arabs sent telegrams congratulating him... It was as early as 1933 that Husseini was in contact with the new regime in Germany. Within weeks of Hitler’s rise to power, the German consul-general in Palestine sent a telegram to Berlin reporting Husseini’s enthusiasm for Nazism and for the spread of fascism in the Middle East. When Husseini and several Arab sheiks met with the consul-general a few weeks later, he expressed his approval of the anti-Jewish boycott in Germany.

    Very soon, the Husseini family had set up the Palestinian Arab Party, which was nicknamed the “Nazi Scouts.” Husseini’s brother, Jamal, was chairman of the Palestine Arab Party and a delegate to his brother’s Arab Higher Committee. It was this committee that led a led a campaign of boycotts and terror against Jews, and the bombings of British offices between 1936 and 1939.

    In 1937, Husseini visited the Jerusalem German Consul, where he met with Eichmann to discuss “the Jewish question.” This meeting resulted in the Nazis agreeing to finance Husseini’s pogroms against the Jews in Palestine. Hitler publicly expressed his support for the Palestinian Arabs. This support was motivated by anti-Semitism and a suspicion of Britain’s colonial rule in the Middle East. In a speech made before the Reichstag in 1939, Hitler opined that Palestine is “occupied not by German troops but by the English,” and he accused British troops of oppressing the Arabs for “the benefit of J... interlopers.”… Palestinian scholar Edward Said, who is no friend of Israel, has conceded that Husseini “represented the Palestinian Arab national consensus.” He had ”the backing of political parties that functioned in Palestine,” and was “recognised in some form by Arab governments as the voice of the Palestinian people.”
  35. 35.0 35.1 G Alderman, How Arabs conspired in the Shoah The JC, Nov 10, 2006
  36. Nicosia, Francis R., Nazi Germany and the Arab World. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2015. 78
  37. Nazis Reveal Contacts with Arab Riot Leaders; Goebbels Gets Reports, JTA, November 23, 1933.
    A direct contact between the German Nazis and the Palestinian Arabs is revealed today in the Reichswarte, organ of the all-European Nazi organization, which is edited by the reactionary leader, Count Ernest von Reventlow.
  38. Do'ar Hayom, December 11, 1933

    The Nazi spirit in Jaffa.

    The author of "El Blug" in Jaffa tells of the strengthening of Nazi spirit among the young Arabs in the country. Unknowns painted the swastika on a glass and various utensils in Arab cafes in Jaffa.

    The author tells of an incident that happened in the German cafe "Lawrence" located on the Jaffa-Tel Aviv border: A young Arab man sitting with his friends in the same cafe spread a Nazi flag on the table and drank with the patrons a toast to the 'well being' of the Arab Nazism. This upset the Jewish critics. However, Azmi Nashashibi, the deputy governor of Jaffa, intervened and said that here is a public place and if he does not like what he does, he has the authority to leave the place.

    So the Jews left the place.

    דאר היום, 11 דצמבר 1933

    הרוח הנאצית ביפו סופרו של "אל בלאג" מספר על תגבורת הרוח הנאצית בין הצעירים הערבים בארץ. נעלמים ציירו את צלב הקרס על כוסית וכלים שונים בבתי קפה ערבים ביפו. הכותב מספר על מקרה שקרה בבית הקפה הגרמני "לורנס" הנמצא על גבול יפו־ת"א צעיר ערבי שישב עם חבריו באותו בית קפה פרש דגל נאצי על השלחן ושתה עם המסובים לחיי הנאציות הערבית. הדבר הרגיז את המבקרים היהודים. אולם עזמי נשאשיבי, סגן מושל יפו, התערב בענין ואמר, שכאן מקום צבורי ואם מה שהוא אינו מוצא חן בעיני מי־שהוא—הרשות בידו לעזוב את המקום. אז עזבו היהודים את המקום.

  39. NAZI HAND SEEN IN HAIFA. The Palestine Post, 13 August 1934.

    ANTI-JEWISH POSTERS. (From Our Correspondent) Haifa , Sunday . — Evidence of Nazi propaganda and its penetration into Arab quarters is furnished in placards which have appeared on walls here urging Arabs to boycott cinema houses. "Keep away from Jewish cinema houses which are contemptible," reads the Arabic announcement. "The Jews' gain is the Arabs' loss." To the right of the letter-press the Swastika appears.

    The Police have confiscated the posters.
  40. Arabs Use Swastika in Fight for Trade of Jews in Holy Land, JTA, Aug 14, 1934.

    Arabic posters with the swastika prominently displayed and advocating a boycott of all Jewish stores have suddenly appeared in Arab shop windows in Jerusalem and Haifa. At the same time walls in the two cities were placarded with the Arabic swastika posters.

    The anti-Jewish boycott movement, believed to be inspired by the Nazis, has as slogans: "The Jew's gain is the Arab's loss" and "Don’t go near Jewish shops."
  41. 41.0 41.1 Blum, Sasson. The attitude of the Arabs of the Land of Israel towards the Jewish settlement and its Zionist enterprise between the events of Av 1939 (August 1939) and the outbreak of the events of 1936-1936 (April 1936)‬‎ [Yaḥasam shel ʼArviye Erets-Yiśraʼel el ha-Yishuv ha-Yehudi u-mifʻalo ha-Tsiyoni ben meʼoraʻot Av-5689 (Ogusṭ 1939) le-ven p'rots meʼoraʻot 5696-5699 (April 1939)]. Israel: Universiṭat Tel-Aviv, 1971. [3].
    Haifa based Al-Karmil (al-Karmal, El-carmel الكرمل, El-carmel, Jarīdat al-Karmal) asks in its issue of May 24, 1933:

    "Will there rise among us an Arab Hitler who will awaken the Arabs, gather their dispersed, and lead them so that they will do what is necessary ...?" A reader wrote in the July 1, 1934 issue of Falastin: "Hitler was liked by the Arabs, the Orientals, because that is the way of the world: the enemy of my enemies is my friend and ally." On the great and growing influence of the Nazi ideology among the Arabs of the land in droves, because they conform to the anti-Jewish mindsets prevalent among them ... There were soon growing signs of sympathy in the Arab street for Hitler and Nazism.

    The swastika is seen more and more on Arab houses, on Arab cars, and even shoe polishers near the Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem adorned crates in this painting.
  42. SWASTIKA ON ARAB ORANGES DISPLEASES BERLIN ARYANS. The Sentinel, 18 January 1934.

    Berlin (JTA)—Official circles here are protesting against the use of the swastika, official Nazi emblem, printed on the wrappers of Palestine oranges intended for export to Germany...

    Oranges marked "Saint Elijah, Jaffa," were wrapped in paper bearing a picture of the "prophet" surrounded by swastikas.

    The wrappers were found to have been used by an Arab exporting firm.
  43. Misgav, Tel. Latrun Days: The story of the Latrun detention camps during the British Mandate 1941-1948. [Yemei Latrun: sipuram shel machnot hama'atzar bitkufat hamandat haBriti]. Ariav, 2007, p. 27.
    In May 1934, the Jerusalem police learned that extremist Arab nationalists intended to form the Palestinian Nazi Party, which aimed to fight Jews in coordination with the Nazi Party in Germany. In Israel, many swastikas began to appear on Arab homes and their cars. At the end of 1935 the number of members of the Nazi party in Israel was two hundred and eighty.
  44. David M. Rosen, "Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism." Rutgers University Press, 2005, p.106.
  45. Der Moment - דער מאָמענט, 4 May 1934 —נאציס ארגאניזירען פאליטישע מיטינגען אין א"י [Nazis organize political rallies in E"Y (Palestine)].
  46. The Palestine Post, 17 September 1934.
    News in Brief
  47. GERMAN ANTI-JEWISH PROPA-GANDA IS CONDUCTED IN PALESTINE, The Sentinel, 25 April 1935.
    From time to time, anti-Jewish slogans written in Arabic and German, and embellished with the swastika, appear on vacant walls and boardings in different Palestine towns, enjoining a boycott of Jewish goods and enterprises… According to well-informed local quarters , the origin of these throwaways is in a central Nazi propaganda ascent for Palestine who, it is believed, works through Arab Fascists. An attempt at Fascism was started some eighteen months ago as the only hope of Arab salvation in the present state of the Arab nationalist cause, as one young leader said. The object was to introduce an ultra-nationalistic spirit among the Arab youth. But it was more closely modelled on the National-Socialist brand of Fascism than the Italian, because the German politics embodied anti-Semitism as the central motive.
  48. [https://www.nli.org.il/en/newspapers/amjwld/1934/08/17/01/article/2 Nazis Blamed For Arab Anti-Jewish Riots in Algeria].

    Nazis Blamed For Arab Anti-Jewish Riots in Algeria Dr. Coralnik Charges Hitler Agents Fomented Outbreak in Constantine

    New York —(Special)—Moslem attacks on Jews in Algiers are the direct result of activities of Hitler agents in the French colonies, it was charged here by Dr . Abraham Coralnik, associate editor of the Day and vice president of the Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League to Champion Human Rights. The Nazis, Dr. Coralnik declared in a radio address, are particularly active in the French colonies, where they eagerly seek to create situations and disorders that will prove embarrassing to France. Hitler talks peace and prepares for war, Dr. Coralnik said. In order to fan the flames of war, he is doing everything to spread racial and religious hatreds everywhere. His object is not merely the annihilation of the Jews. It is a plot to keep the world in a state of perpetual unrest and to hit France wherever, and whenever, possible. The Nazi agents have been concentrating their activities among the Arabs and other Moslems in the French colonies, and they have been the chief cause of the bloody outbreak in Algiers. France is well aware of it.

    Nor is such activity limited to French territory. A large number of Nazi agitators have been stirring up the Palestinian Arabs much to the discomfort of Great Britain. Recently three German agents were arrested by British authorities in Haifa and deported for anti-Semitic and anti-British propaganda.

    I discovered on my recent trip through Central America and Mexico that these countries are overrun by Nazi agents. Happily their activities there have not proved as successful as in Algiers. The half-Indian, half-white population of Latin America cannot comprehend the ridiculous theory of Aryan supremacy. Hitler eagerly adapted and greatly expanded the ruthless methods of German warfare and the idea of fomenting war between Mexico and the United States. He is using that policy successfully in stirring up the native Moslem populations of Asia Minor and Northern Africa.
  49. 49.0 49.1 Yaakov Shimoni, Arviyei Eretz Yisrael (The Arabs of Palestine), (Tel-Aviv, Palestine: Am Oved), 1947, p. 407.
    "Al Difa" changed its flavor several times: at the time of its founding it was considered the mouthpiece of the Istiqlal circles, who were then extremists and fans of fascism; Stories of direct ties formed then between its editors and Germans.
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 Shteigman, Yitzhak. Shelaḥ Daṿid : ha-yishuv ha-Yehudi el mul ha-hitnagdut ha-ʻArvit le-mifʻal ha-Tsiyoni be-Erets-Yiśraʼel, 1918-1948. Tel-Aviv : Mekhon Z'aboṭinsḳi be-Yiśraʼel, 1997. 142.

    The multiplicity of parties led to an awakening in the Arab street. All parties were dragged along by the extremists of the Istiqlal, whose newspaper al-Difa'a became a Nazi propaganda pamphlet. They made efforts to attract the masses with national recommendations, strong hatred of Jews and extreme demands from the authorities. The fascist regimes in Germany and Italy were a source of inspiration and imitation to the national Arab movement. As early as 1932, the newspaper Al-Carmel wrote: "The Nazi movement is a symbol, it is a source of hope - Arab nationalism must adopt the methods of its leaders in their pursuit of independence and freedom."

    The Mufti's bulletin al-Jamaa al-Arabiya's continued to incite the public against the government, expressing its support for fascist Italy, which the newspaper said had adopted sympathetic treatment of Arabs and the Muslim world "and supported their national aspirations."

    שטייגמן, יצחק. שלח דוד: הישוב היהודי אל מול ההתנגדות הערבית למפעל הציוני בארץ־ישראל, 1918־1948. תל־אביב: מכון ז׳בוטינסקי בישראל, 1997. 142.

    ריבוי המפלגות הביא להתעוררות ברחוב הערבי . כל המפלגות נגררו אחרי הקיצוניות של האיסתיקלאל, שעיתונה אל־דיפאע הפך לעלון תעמולה נאצי.

    הם עשו מאמצים למשוך את ההמון במליצות לאומיות, בשנאה עזה ליהודים ובתביעות קיצוניות מהשלטונות. המשטרים הפשיסטיים בגרמניה ובאיטליה היו מקור השראה וחיקוי לתנועה הערבית הלאומית. כבר ב־1932 כותב העיתון אל־כרמל: "התנועה הנאצית היא סמל, היא מקור התקוה - על הלאומיות הערבית לאמץ את שיטות מנהיגיה בשאיפתם לעצמאות ולחופש". ביטאונו של המופתי אל - ג'אמעה אל־ערביה המשיך כל אותה עת להסית את הציבור נגד הממשלה, ולהביע את תמיכתו באיטליה הפשיסטית, שלדברי העיתון אימצה יחס אוהד כלפי הערבים והעולם המוסלמי " ותומכת בשאיפותיהם הלאומיות." ...

    חבורת עז א-דין אל-קסאם בראשית שנות השלושים החלו להתארגן באזורים שונים בארץ אגודות ערביות חשאיות, ששמו להן למטרה לפעול בדרכי טרור, להטיל אימה על הציבור היהודי, ולקיים מתיחות בלתי פוסקת. בהנהגת עבד אל־קאדר אל - חוסייני בנו של מוסא כאזם, קם בקיץ 1931 באזור ירושלים ארגון שקרא לעצמו " אל-ג'יהאד אל מקדס" ( הג'יהאד ה"קדוש"). הוא התפתח מהר , חבריו קנו רובים ועברו הדרכה צבאית...

  51. Kanaan, Haviv. The fifth Column: the Germans (Templars) in Palestine in years 1933-1948. Hakibutz Hameuchad, 1968. pp. 52-53.
    Cultivating the "Fifth Column"

    In an issue of March 15, 1935, "Die Warte Des Tempels," discusses ... The newspaper noted that fascism and Nazism had become a flag in the eyes of the Arabs in their political war. Adolf Hitler - continued "Das Wort" - is portrayed in the consciousness of the Arabs as the great personality of the 20th century. The popularity of our Fuhrer is so great that no Arab is present in Palestine today Even he is just a simple peasant that Adolf Hitler's hearing had not reached his ears. There are reports of attempts to form fascist and Nazi parties in the Arab public. Although these parties are secretly established, the influence of Nazi ideas on the way of thinking and behaving of the new organizations is no secret. The education of the younger Arab generation is today founded on the foundations of Nazi education; The Istiqlal Party, which began to reorganize, also adopted Nazi ideas. "This party's publication shows a clear sympathy for Nazism and fights fiercely against the Jewish boycott of Germany." At the same time, Nazi literature in Arabic was sold on the streets of Jerusalem and in other cities of Palestine. This literature, which dealt extensively with Jews, came to Palestine from Germany; Reich printing houses printed magazines and books in Arabic in millions of copies, and the Arab audience here read them eagerly. A special interest was aroused by Hitler's "Mein Kampf" in Arabic translation. It goes without saying that the British authorities were well aware of the contents of the registered mail bundles received from party activists. Important propaganda centers were used by German hotels and boarding houses, which used to be hosted The Nazi agents who came as tourists from the Reich.

    It was not difficult to gain the hearts of the Arabs in Nazi propaganda...
  52. Do'ar ha-Yom, 11 December, 1933.

    Open incitement in the Arab press. Despite the warning sent to the editor of "al-Difa'" (Ad-Difaa الدفاع) by the government - the Arab-Nazi newspaper continues to flood the pages of its newspaper with insults and incitement.

    דאר היום, דצמבר 11, 1933.

    הסתה גלויה בעתונות הערבית. למרות האזהרה שנשלחה לעורך "אדיפאע" על ידי הממשלה — מוסיף העתון הערבי־הנאצי להציף אח עמודי עתונו בדברי שסוי והסתה

  53. Do'ar ha-yom, 24 October, 1934

    Open incitement in the Arab press "Ad-Difaa'" (Al-Difa الدفاع) calls on the Arabs to keep the Jewish "danger" away in their hands Despite the warning sent to the editor of "Ad-Difaa" by the government, the Arab-Nazi newspaper continues to flood its pages with insults and incitement. In yesterday's issue, he publishes a kind of proclamation for the "Arab press and for every Arab man and Arab woman in Israel [palestine]... "The proclamation states:" The rising wave of immigration ... Let every Arab man and Arab woman know that they are the masters of this land and the others are strangers in it ... " דאר היום, אוקטובר 24,1934 הסתה גלויה בעתונות הערבית "אדיפאע" קורא לערבים להרחיק את "הסכנה" היהודית בידיהם למרות האזהרה שנשלחה לעורך "אדיפאע" על ידי הממשלה — מוסיף העתון הערבי־הנאצי להציף את עמודי עתונו בדברי שסוי והסתה. בגליון של יום אתמול, הוא מפרסם מעין כרוז ל"עתונות הערבית ולכל ערבי וערביה בא"י‭...‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ "בכרוז נאמר: "נחשול העליה ההולך... שיכירו כל ערבי וערביה כי הם הנם אדוני הארץ הזו והאחרים הם זרים בה..."

  54. Israel Gershoni, "Arab Responses to Fascism and Nazism..." University of Texas Press, 2014, p. 108.

    'The German Jews are rich industrials and they will be the first, who will take the land from our hands.' Arab newspapers in Palestine covered all aspects of Nazi rule in Germany. Articles on Hitler were driven by curiosity about his character and often exhibited a blatant sympathy during the 1930s...

    As early as 1934, the newspaper warned, "Europe will see no peace if it will not keep distance from the spirit of the swastika [ruh al-swastika] that dominates Germany today. . . . [Hitlerism] is an ideology full of disrespect of all peoples; it glorifies the German.."
  55. Davar, December 23, 1935.

    A new Arab newspaper began to appear in Jaffa, called "Al-Kafaàt" (The Battle). It is published by the Arab Youth Organization.. Telegrams by Wapd, in connection with the restoration of the constitution in Egypt - sent by Jamal Husseini, head of the "Palestinian Arab Party" (Mufti Party). A-Difae reappears. The government stopped the Arab newspaper for a few days, because of its incitement articles, now "a-Sirat", which appeared in place of a-Difa'e has stopped. [...]

    In memory of the "martyrs" - members of the terrorist group, the Arab newspapers continue to dedicate poems and greetings...
  56. Jillian Becker, "The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization", Volume 1984, Part 2. (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984). p. 21
    In March 1935 the Husseinis also formed a party, called the Palestinian Arab Party. It was, as its president Jamal Husseini freely boasted, inspired by German Nazism. It included a 'youth troop', modelled on the Hitler Youth, for a while actually called, the 'Nazi Scouts'.
  57. Waschitz, J., Ha'aravim Be-erez Israel (The Arabs in Palestine), Tel-Aviv: 1947. 229.

    At a gathering of the Hussein Party's youth squads, green shirts following the example of the Egyptian fascists, the young people swore that "Palestine is my homeland, and there is no place for anyone who is not an Arab." Jamal Husseini quoted Hitler: "I started with six, then we were 600 and then 60 million."

    ושיץ‬‎, ‫יוסף‬‎. ‫הערבים בארץ־ישראל: כלכלה וחברה, תרבות ומדיניות‬‎. Israel: ‫הוצאת הקיבוץ הארצי השומר הצעיר‬‎229, 1947.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    במלחמה נגד מכירות קרקע, במשמרות נגד מעפילים ונגד פועלים יהודים במקומות ערבים. בכינוס פלוגות הנוער של מפלגת החוסיינים, חולצות ירוקות לפי דוגמת הפאשיסטים המצרים, נשבעו הצעירים כי "פאלאשתין מולדתי, ואין בה מקום למי שאינו ערבי". ג'מאל חוסייני ציטט את היטלר: "התחלתי עם ששה, אחר כך היינו 600 ואחר כך 60 מיליונים".

  58. ”Swastikas in Jerusalem,” Dalia Karpel, Haaretz, Feb. 28, 2008. Updated: Feb. 29, 2008.

    In 1933, a branch of the Nazi party opened in Jerusalem's German Colony. Members greeted each other with the straight-armed salute, waved flags emblazoned with swastikas and cut off business ties with their Jewish neighbors. In a new book, architect David Kroyanker tells of anti-Semitic propaganda and plans to import weapons from Germany for use by Arabs against the Jews. Kroyanker, an architect and researcher who worked on this project with his wife Leora, devotes a chapter of the book to the Nazi period: "In the Shadow of the Swastika: 1933-1939." In addition to previously published materials, like the writings of journalist and author Haviv Canaan, Kroyanker relies on new, compelling sources from private archives, such as manuscripts and Templars' memoirs published in Australia in German, and adds rare photographs that are being publicized for the first time. Kroyanker was intrigued by the human side of the German Colony's history. His book describes the customs and ways of life of this group of people whose arrival here from south Germany was akin to "landing on the moon." They settled on rocky farmland that was purchased from the Arab village of Beit Safafa and built a "model settlement." "Look at the family photos and you'll see that they look like they stepped out of a late 19th-century magazine," he says. "They were photographed in Jerusalem dressed in their finest clothes in order to represent a European way of life in the heart of the baksheesh [a tip or bribe] wilderness. In some of the memoirs, you see their contemptuous attitude toward the Arabs... Kroyanker stresses in his book that until Hitler came to power, the Templers and their Jewish neighbors enjoyed good relations. The Germans patronized the Jews' shops and went to Jewish doctors, while Jewish business owners stocked products from Germany and the cinemas screened German films. There were also partnerships between businessmen and merchants from the two communities. Not all the Templers were swept up in the nationalist fervor after the Nazis' rise to power in Germany. There were some, primarily from the older generation, who worried about Nazi ideology taking precedence over the Templar ideology of messianic longings and the striving to create a Christian religious utopia. Kroyanker quotes an article from the Templar journal Das Warte, which criticizes Nazi ideology, saying "It ought not to be viewed as Christian, since it is founded on an Indo-German faith that leads to idol worship." But that didn't stop the growing support for Nazism. Heil (sic) Hitler The founder of the Nazi organization in Palestine in 1933 was the architect Karl Ruff, from Haifa. Nazi party branches were established in Haifa, Jaffa and Jerusalem and in several other Templer colonies. The Jerusalem branch was the largest; in April 1934, it had 67 registered members (the Haifa branch had 48). Ludwig Buchhalter, a teacher in the Templar school in the German Colony, was appointed head of the branch; he received instructions from Berlin and worked in coordination with the German consulate. In April 1934, Buchhalter hosted a party for local residents at the party headquarters in Jerusalem to celebrate Hitler's birthday. The event began with a performance by the boys choir from the Schneller orphanage. "After that, Buchhalter, the branch leader, called for everyone to honor the 45-year-old fuehrer with a triple Sieg Heil salute. Of all the fuehrer's qualities, he emphasized the man's humility." Buchhalter also read aloud a chapter from the book "With Hitler on the Road to Power." On May 1, 1934, the consulate hosted a festive reception and "it was decided that the members were now obliged to greet one another with a Heil Hitler greeting and straight-armed salute on the street, too, on condition that the greeting would not be interpreted as a provocation to others." Buchhalter summoned the party members to the Sport Club in Katamon, for a meeting with the chairman of the Nazi party in Stuttgart, who had come for a visit. That location was also used for lectures by professional Nazi propagandists, who promised their listeners that victory was assured and that they need only be patient. Until 1934, a British branch of the Scouts operated in the German Colony and held varied activities, for boys and girls separately. The youths went on hikes and erected tent camps in the Wilhelma Templer colony, learned Morse code, knot-tying and first aid, and sang British songs. In 1934, the club was converted to a branch of the Nazi youth movement, the Hitler Jugend. Haviv Canaan, who was an officer in the Mandate police at the time, described in his writings what Kroyanker calls "a typical National Socialist street scene in the second half of the 1930s": "Visible through the open windows of the mostly one-story houses was old but distinguished furniture, and the walls were adorned with pictures of leaders of the Reich. On the sides of the balconies, under the roof, swastika flags lay folded." The architect and builder Hermann Imberger used to stroll down the Colony's main street every Sunday, with a swastika band around his arm, and the Arabs he passed "saluted him with admiration."... Kroyanker also tells about the resistance that existed within the community to the Nazi activity: Philip Vorst, head of the Templer Association, banned the Nazi salute from the schools in 1935... Ban versus ban During the Arab revolt against the British, which began in April 1936 with a general strike that lasted six months, some Arabs saw the Templars as prospective allies in their struggle, and hoped that Nazi Germany would conquer Palestine from the British. Buchhalter told the German journalist Ralf Balke, whose book about the Nazi party in Palestine was published in 2001, how he would travel without any problem in his car, which had a Nazi flag attached, through areas that were under Arab control. And that once, when he forgot to remove the flag from the car, he "entered an area under Jewish control and came under fire from Jewish vehicles." Sakakini writes that the German children were sympathetic to the Arabs and, during recess, would throw stones at the Jewish buses that passed the school. But the school principal, Wilhelm Eppinger, refused to join the Nazi party. In October 1937, when it was decided that the school was to be merged with the school of the city's German Evangelical community, Eppinger was dismissed and replaced by Philip Vorst, who by this point was going along with the Nazis. Vorst exhorted the parents, students and teachers who assembled for the school's grand opening to cooperate with one another in keeping with the lofty spirit of Adolf Hitler.. The German Ministry of Information and Propaganda encouraged Palestinian students to attend the German school in order to create a cadre of pro-German leadership that would govern an independent Palestinian state in the future, reports Kroyanker, quoting from a document in the state archives. Palestinian pupils made up about a quarter of the student population and were also able to study Arabic there. Buchhalter, the head of the local Nazi branch, used to threaten residents of the Colony who didn't adhere to the Third Reich's anti-Semitic demands. Because of the attacks on Jews in Germany, the Jews in Palestine declared a ban on German businesses... Beginning in 1935, the Nazi party branches in Palestine instructed the Germans not to employ Jewish workers, and also recommended dissolving any business partnerships with Jews. ... Enemy property Ludwig Buchhalter reported to the Nazi leadership in Berlin about the possibility of selling two German properties to Jews - ... Ernst Schneller, the founder's grandson, represented the Augusta Victoria Foundation here at that time, which worked to promote German nationalism. The Schneller printing house produced the Nazi party stationery and party members were entitled to a 10 percent discount. Because of the Schneller family's Nazi ties, the British secret police eavesdropped on their telephone conversations, and monitored their movements."

    From secret police documents from 1936 to 1939, Kroyanker learned that the Schneller institution attempted to import weapons and ammunition from Germany, in order to train Arabs. In 1938, a booklet published by the Schneller institution included an article by Ludwig Schneller describing the feeling of suffocation at the German institution due to the proximity of Jews in the surrounding area, and expressing some blatantly anti-Semitic views...
  59. 59.0 59.1 Studies in the Restoration of Israel: A Collection of the Problems of Zionism, the Yishuv and the State of Israel. 1992 [Iyunim Bitkumat Israel 2, 1992]. pp. 260-267. Moshe Shemesh: The position of the Jaffa (based) newspaper, Falastin, towards the Axis Powers and the democracies. p. 260

    It is not clear whether Falastin received assistance from Nazi Germany or Fascist Italy during the period under review. According to the newspaper's positive attitude towards these two countries, it is likely that it did indeed benefit from both or one of them. The Arabs got hooked at Nazi racism and Aryan supremacy and especially by the principle of language as a unifying nationalist factor, such as the Arabic language that unites the Arab world. This admiration of the Arab world was expressed, among other things, in political bodies that tried to emulate Nazi or fascist organizations, such as Al-Futuwwah and Al-Najjada in Palestine, the Mistr Al-Fatah in Egypt, or the Syrian National Party. The Palestinian nationalists, including the Husseinis, showed great sympathy for the Nazis. The Husseinis saw the Nazis as natural allies in their struggle against the Jews. This is also evidenced by the Mufti's personal connections.. The position of the Falastin newspaper towards the two camps - the dictatorships and the democracies - in the period reviewed until the outbreak of the war, will be examined in two areas: The formal position of the paper, as expressed in the main articles; The position of the newspaper as expressed in the manner in which the information was provided current events in Europe.

    p. 261

    The formal position in the main articles... In general, it can be noted that during the years 1939-1938, there was a constant drift in the position of the newspaper and in the position of the Arab world in general towards democracies. This process stemmed from the aggravation of the global crisis and the prominence of Nazi Germany as the most powerful power, as well as the intensification of the struggle in the country.

    The first half of 1938: During this period the paper tried to be "balanced" between the two camps, but in fact tended more towards the Axis countries. In general, the newspaper raised allegations against the democratic nature of Western regimes and implicitly implied some sympathy for the dictatorial regimes. "There is not a single person who understands the spirit of the time who would agree that Italian fascism or German Hitlerism would take over Europe or the whole world, after the real English democracy had disappeared. But what man is not inclined to sympathize with this fascism or this Hitlerism, if there is in this sympathy to help the hundreds of millions remove from their hearts the bitterness for the sake of saving the world from a war that could lead to the end of human culture?" Following this line and the hidden sympathy for Germany ...

    p. 266

    At the same time, in order not to completely burn the bridges with the English, the editor tried to 'balance' these sharp articles in major articles that also criticized the dictatorial countries, though not on issues directly related to the Arabs but on issues related to Europe and tensions in the international arena. Due to the nature of this review. Its influence on Palestinian public opinion was minimal. The Palestinians were only slightly interested in what was happening in Europe, and most of their attention was focused on what was happening in Palestine and the struggle against the Jewish community and against Britain. This 'balance' did not, therefore, harm the positive image of the Axis powers, which prevailed in Arab public opinion at the time. Moreover, in the publication of the current information on what is happening in Europe, as will be seen later, the clear and sharp tendency to side with Germany stood...

    p. 267

    Censorship and the penalties imposed on the newspaper required its editors to use an elusive technique in publishing the news, which on the one hand would not give a reason to the mandate or censorship authorities to punish it and on the other hand would allow the newspaper to express its views against Britain and the West. This method of publication makes it difficult for the researcher and requires him to decipher it in order to recreate the true position of the newspaper. Understanding the method of publication will undoubtedly help to understand the trends of the newspaper in the period under review. It is possible to summarize in this way the measures taken by Palestine to overcome the obstacles of censorship and the position of the Mandatory authorities when it comes to expressing its positions by providing the information:

    A. The dominant method that stands out in reading the newspaper is a quote from a foreign press including the British, French, German and Italian press. In most cases the paper used to quote a British press. He frequently quoted from it news items, commentaries, and articles that included criticism of the administration and its policies and especially articles of sympathy for the Axis powers and articles that demonstrated tendencies toward conciliation toward them. In this context, the newspaper published commentaries and articles from the German or Italian press which criticized the West or tended to the position of the Arabs.

    B. Falastin contented itself with mentioning the cities of London, Rome, Paris or Berlin as the source of its information and refrained from mentioning the news agency that sent them. In sensitive news, the city of London has often been mentioned as a clear source that such a score was intended to train the news in the eyes of the censor, especially when the news is based on a quote from a British newspaper.

    C. An interesting phenomenon that I encountered a lot in the newspaper: a certain article, which London is excellent as a source, starts with giving details related to the headline, but then the newspaper moves to other news under subheadings unrelated to the headline and still continues to be based on the same source. This gives the impression that London is the source of further knowledge.

    p. 270

    "An important speech that Hitler is about to deliver with very important statements on German foreign policy.'" - He did not do so with Chamberlain's speeches. It should be emphasized that it is not the news itself that is important here, but the proportions in delivering and emphasizing the news from Germany compared to similar news from the evening that were very few.

    p. 271

    About Hitler comparing him to Napoleon. Similarly to his treatment of Mussolini in early 1938, Falastin (March, April and May 1939) published extensively information about Hitler's actions and his character and influence. These reports were the mainstay of the foreign news page of the paper and may even be said to be more central than the reports on Mussolini in early 1938. Although the descriptions were factual, the headlines given to them were positive in tone or so-called neutral and attention-grabbing. In presenting Germany's positive stance on the Arab issue, the Islamic-religious element was also overemphasized, in order to highlight Hitler's sympathy for Islam and the Muslim world. Hitler is also interested in following Mussolini and getting the title of Muslim defender. Characteristically, Hitler's reference to the Palestinian problem was emphasized in his April 1, 1939, speech. The role of Palestine and the Arabs in the Fuhrer speech; We will not interfere in the affairs of others and we do not want them to interfere in our affairs: we have never asked the British about the affairs of Palestine and what is happening in it and what they want.

    The shift towards a pro-German orientation was expressed in a broader report on Germany and in the emphasis on Germany's aggressive, rigid and 'bold' position in Europe ...
  60. 60.0 60.1 Morris, Benni, "Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1999", (Knopf, 1999), pp 124-5.
  61. Yehoshafat Harkabi, Fateful decisions, Am Oved, 1986, p. 9 יהושפט הרכבי, הכרעות גורליות, עם עובד, 1986, עמ' 9.
    הקשרים בין התנועה הלאומית הערבית לבין המשטר הנאצי בגרמניה החלו להירקם כבר בשנת 1933. במדינות הערביות השונות החלו מפלגות וארגונים מקומיים לחקות את שיטות הפעולה של המפלגה הנאצית ולאמץ את עקרונותיה. בקיץ 1933 נעשה ניסיון להקים תנועה נאצית ערבית גם בארץ־ישראל, ומשרד התעמולה הנאצי הגיש סיוע כספי לעיתונות הלאומית הערבית בעלת האופי האנטי-ציוני הקנאי בארץ-ישראל. אולם, אם עד פרוץ מלחמת־העולם השנייה עדיין נזהר המשטר הנאצי מלתמוך בתנועה הלאומית הערבית, הרי לאחר שהחלה המלחמה העולמית התהדקו הקשרים בין גרמניה הנאצית לבין מנהיגיה של התנועה הלאומית הערבית, ובעיקר עם חאג' אמין אל-חוסייני המופתי הירושלמי.
  62. Haaretz, Jan 1, 1935.

    Nazi Arabs The author of "El Blag" writes: The Nazi idea is spreading among the Arabs in the Land of Israel.

    A member of the Executive Committee of the Arab organization from Haifa said at the last Executive Committee meeting that the Arab national youth in Haifa likes the Nazi principles, and believed that the best way to save the Land of Israel from the Jews was to follow these principles.

    הארץ, 1 ינואר 1935. ערבים נאצים

    סופרו של "אל בלאג" כותב: הרעיון הנאצי הולך ונתפשט בין הערבים בארץ ישראל. חבר הועה"פ של ארגון הנוער הערבי מחיפה אמר באספה האחרונה של הועה"פ שהנוער הערבי הלאומי בחיפה חובב את הפרינציפים הנאציים, וסבור, שהדרך הטובה ביותר להציל את ארץ ישראל מידי היהודים היא לנהוג על פי פרינציפים אלה.

  63. Palestine Post, 13 May, 1935, 7.

    Nazi Propaganda In Palestine Swastika Chalked on Train That a train arriving at Afuleh from Haifa, en route for Samakh, bore a swastika chalked up on one of the coaches, with an Arabic inscription beneath "Germany Over All" ("Deutcshland Uber Alles"), is a report in "Davar," Labour daily.

    When the train, which was carrying delegates returning from the Arab youth conference at Haifa, reached Afuleh station, the station-master ordered the signs to be removed, the paper adds.
  64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 Arabs in Haifa Form Nazi Club; Well Financed, JTA July 1, 1935.
    Arab youths here have organized a Nazi club, it was learned today.

    The club has already established headquarters and goes under the name of “The Red Moon.” Apparently the organization has strong backers, for all of its deficits are promptly met, and it seems able to draw upon unlimited financial resources. This is viewed as another manifestation of an intensive Nazi anti-Semitic activity sponsored by the Hitler government, and which has broken out throughout Palestine and the Near East. Nazi agents have appeared in various parts of the country in an attempt to incite the Arabs against the Jews. They have been particularly successful among Arab nationalist youth. Groups of brown-clad Arab youths are now organized in the larger cities.

    Recently the Federation of Arab Youth in Palestine petitioned Hitler to help them prevent the Jews from obtaining additional land in Palestine.
  65. The Week in Review. ‘’The Sentinel’’, 11 July 1935.

    In Haifa , shades of Hitler, it was learned that Arab youths have organized a Nazi club that goes under the name of Red Moon.

    They wear brown shirts too and seem to be well-financed.
  66. 66.0 66.1 Israeli, Raphael. The Death Camps of Croatia: Visions and Revisions, 1941-1945. N.p.: Taylor & Francis, 2017. p. 119
    Delegations from the Arab world participated in the Nuremberg marches of the Nazis, during the 1930s, and expressed their common disgust toward the Jews and their joint accusations of the Jews... Upon the publication of the racist Nuremberg Laws in 1935, Hitler received greetings from the entire Arab world, from Morocco to Palestine, where Nazi propaganda had taken root.
  67. 67.0 67.1 Lebl, Ženi. Haj Amin and Berlin [Ḥag' Amin u-Berlin / G'eni Lebel]. 1996. 31

    Signs of sympathy for Hitler and Nazism grew on the Arab street. The swastika flag was also hoisted over Arab homes, Arab cars, and even Arab shoe polishers adorned their crates with the Nazi emblem. Dr. Franz Reichert, a writer for the German News Agency (DNB) in Jerusalem, provided free money to the Arab press, propaganda and photographs about the life of the renewed Germany, and these would devote entire pages to this material. The British saw Dr. Reichert as the main puller In the Nazi spy network in the country, but no action was taken against him. In May 1935, the Palestine-Israeli police learned that extremist Arab nationalists were preparing to form the "Palestinian Nazi Party" in order to fight the Jews in coordination with Palestinian ", to fight the Jews in coordination with the sister party in the Reich.

    The great momentum of Nazi propaganda in the Middle East occurred in September 1935. When the "Nuremberg Laws" against the Jews were discovered and published, Hitler received greetings from all Arab countries and Islam. The largest number came from Palestine, where Nazi propaganda was strongest.

    לבל, ג׳ני. חאג׳ אמין וברלין. ישראל: 1996. 31.

    [סימני אהדה להיטלר ולנאציזם הלכו ורבו ברחוב הערבי. דגל צלב הקרס הונף גם על בתי הערבים, על מכוניות ערביות, ואפילו מצחצחי נעליים ערבים קישטו את ארגזיהם בסמל הנאצי. ד"ר פראנץ רייכרט (Franz Reichert), סופר סוכנות הידיעות הגרמנית (DNB) בירושלים, סיפק חינם אין כסף לעיתונות הערבית תעמולה ותצלומים על חיי גרמניה המתחדשת, ואלה היו מקדישים עמודים שלמים לחומר זה. הבריטים ראו בד"ר רייכרט את מושך החוטים העיקרי ברשת הריגול הנאצית בארץ, אך לא פעלו נגדו. במאי 1935 נודע למשטרת פלסטינה - א"י כי לאומנים ערבים קיצונים מתכוננים להקים את "המפלגה הנאצית הפלסטינית", כדי להילחם ביהודים תוך תיאום עם המפלגה־האחות ברייך. התנופה הגדולה בתעמולה הנאצית במזרח התיכון חלה בספטמבר 1935. כאשר נתגלו ופורסמו "חוקי נירנברג" נגד היהודים, הגיעו להיטלר מברקי ברכה מכל ארצות ערב והאיסלאם. המספר הגדול ביותר הגיע ומפלסטינה, שם היתה התעמולה הנאצית החזקה ביותר.]

  68. Antisemitism International: An Annual Research Journal of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism. (2004). Israel: Vidal Sassoon Inernational Center for the Study of Antisemitism. p. 46.
  69. David M. Rosen, "Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism," (Rutgers University Press, 2005), p. 106.

    …The shrill calls to take up extremist politics invoked a symbolism that glorified youth, violence, and death. By 1936 Al Difaa, the paper of the Istiqlal movement and the most widely read paper in the Arab community, proclaimed, in clearly fascist tones, that "youth must go out to the field of battle as soldiers of the Fatherland." Others argued that the "Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like Nazi youth in Germany and the fascist youth in Italy which stands ready for the orders of its leaders and ready to sacrifice its life for the honor of its people and freedom of its fatherland." …Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: "Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness." […]

    The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq.
  70. 70.0 70.1 Fatah, Tarek. The Jew is Not My Enemy: Unveiling the Myths that Fuel Muslim Anti-Semitism. Canada: McClelland & Stewart, 2011. 60

    By the time the Palestinian uprising began in 1936, the Nazi hatred of the Jew had been incorporated into the existing Muslim narrative...

    In September 1937, Adolf Eichmann.. carried out a mission to the Middle East accompanied by the head of the Hitler Youth, Baldur von Schirach, who later funded an "Arab Club" in Damascus where German Nazis trained recruits for the mufti's growing army of insurgents. In his seminal study on the mufti, Klaus Gensicke writes, "The Mufti himself acknowledged that at that time it was only due to German funds he received that it had been possible to carry through the uprising in Palestine. From the outset, he made high financial demands which the Nazis to a great extent met."
  71. Doʼar ha-yom - דאר היום, 4 May 1936.
    Jabotinsky and Patterson's serious difficulties with the Government of Palestine and the Ministry of the Colonies

    At a large public meeting of the Z.CH [New Zionist Organization [הסתדרות ציונית חדשה] in London. They demand that the High Commissioner withdraw from the Legislative Council's program and offer him to renew the Hebrew Legion. Had England understood, it could have "established a new Gibraltar in the Near East" London 28 ... Jabotinsky... I say to the British government: 'Let us build Israel as we can. And it will be able to absorb millions of Jews. Without causing any harm to the Arab populations"...

    The assembly notes its recognition of the service "made by the new Zionist Organization by drawing the attention of the High Commissioner and the Ministry of the Colonies, as early as April 5 and 6, twelve days before the riots, to the urgent danger in Israel of unrestrained anti-Jewish incitement."

    קושיותיהם החמורות של ז'אבוטינסקי ופטרסון אל משלת ארץ־ישראל ואל משרד המושבות באסיפת־עם גדולה של הצ"ת בלונדון הם דורשים מן הנציב העליון לתזור בו מתכנית המועצה המחוקקת ומציעים לו לחדש את הלגיון העברי‭-. ‬ אילו הבינה אנגליה, יכלה "להקים לה גיברלטר חדשה במזרח הקרוב"‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ לונדון‭28,. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ ז'אבוטינסקי... אני אומר לממשלה הבריטית: "תנו לנו לבנות את א"י כפי שאנו יכולים. והיא תוכל לקלוט מיליוני יהודים. מבלי לגרום כל רעה לאוכלוסים הערבים"... האספה מציינת את הכרתה בשרות " שעשתה ההסתדרות הציונית החדשה בזה שהעירה את תשומת לבם של הנציב העליון ומשרד המושבות, עוד ב־5 לאפריל וב־6 בו, שנים עשר יום לפני המהומות, לסכנה הדחופה הקיימת בא"י בתוצאות ההסתה האנטי־יהודית הבלתי מרוסנות.

  72. Telos, Issues 128-130. Telos Press, 2004, p. 58.

    [M. Kuntzel:]

    During the 1936-1939 Palestinian revolt, the swastika was used as a mark of identity: Arabic leaflets and graffiti were liberally decorated with it, Arab children welcomed each other with the Hitler salute and vast numbers of German flags and pictures of Hitler were displayed even at celebrations of Mohammed's birthday.
  73. 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.3 Meir-Levi, David. History Upside Down: The Roots of Palestinian Fascism and the Myth of Israeli Aggression: Easyread Large Edition. Canada: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010. 8-9.

    He was directly involved in organizing the 1929 riots that destroyed the 3,000-year-old Jewish community of Hebron. And he was quick to see that he had a natural ally in Hitler and in the rising star of Nazi Germany... In September 1937, Adolf Eichmann and another SS officer carried out an exploratory mission in the Middle East lasting several weeks, and including a friendly visit with the mufti. It was after this visit, in fact, that Haj Amin went on the Nazi payroll as an agent and propagandist. During the "Great Arab revolt" of 1936–1939, the war against the Jews of Palestine and against the British enforcement of the Mandate, which Haj Amin helped organize and which Germany funded, the swastika was used as a mark of identity on Arabic leaflets and graffiti.

    Arab children welcomed each other with the Hitler salute, and a sea of German flags and pictures of Hitler were displayed at celebrations. The identification was so strong that those obliged to travel through areas involved in the Palestinian revolt soon learned that it was prudent to attach a swastika to their vehicle to gain immunity from Arab snipers.
  74. 74.0 74.1 M. M. Silver, "The History of Galilee, 1538–1949: Mysticism, Modernization, and War," (Rowman & Littlefield, 2022), p. 296.
    In 1936, months after Hitler's Nuremberg Laws stripped Jews in Nazi domains of citizenship rights, and branded them as genetic undesirables, Qawuqji was not squeamish about baiting Jews as spineless cowards and opportunists.
  75. Pappe, I., " Atzulat Haaretz...", (Bialik, 2002), pp. 340-1
  76. 76.0 76.1 76.2 76.3 Waschitz, Joseph. The Arab in Erets Israel [Ha-Aravim be-Eretz Yisrael. Israel: hotsa'at ha-ḳibuts ha-artsi ha-Shomer ha-Tsa'ir] (Palestinian Arabs), 1947. pp. 329-330.

    In terms of the external form, the Arab movement approached the glistening world of Fascism... In April 1934, the Husseinis' "Al Jamia Al Arabia" (on the occasion of the opening of the Bari broadcast) wrote that Italy was the only power that had only economic and cultural trends and sought to move closer to the East. In the same newspaper (35.4.4) Shakib Arslan wrote that Mussolini is a huge personality. The leader of European policy and that the Arabs should not be moved by the Abyssinian government that persecutes Muslims. During the Abyssinian War, the Husseinist newspapers in Italy and the opposition newspapers supported the Abyssinians. (In 1937, "Falastin" also became pro-Italian). Along the Italian side, Nazi Germany also began to raise its profile among the Arabs and succeeded in doing so, especially during the days of the events. May 22, 1937, a holiday. Large Nazi flags fluttered in Jaffa. The front of the workers' association's house was adorned with swastikas. In many houses swastikas and pictures of the Fuhrer, the Duce and the leaders of the revolt were seen. In 1938, one hundred Palestine Arabs visited the Nazi party conference in Nuremberg. Needless to say, how great was the effect of the German victories, in the first period of the war, on the Arabs of the country, and how difficult was then the impression of their defeat: an Egyptian, who visited the country in the days after the conquest of Berlin wrote: "The people cry in the morning and sob in the evening. And blow to their cheek between morning and evening."
    [מבחינת הצורה החיצונית התקרבה התנועה הערבית לעולם־המליצות של הפאשיזם... באפריל 1934 כתב "אל ג'אמיעה אל-ערביה" של החוסיינים (בהזדמנות פתיחת שידור בארי), שאיטליה היא המעצמה היחידה שיש לה מגמות כלכליות ותרבותיות בלבד והשואפת להתקרב אל המזרח. באותו עתון כתב (35.4.4) שכיב ארסלאן, שמוסוליני הוא אישיות עצומה. מנהיג המדיניות האירופית ושאין הערבים צריכים לרגוש מחמת הממשלה החבשית הרודפת את המוסלמים. בימי מלחמת-חבש תמכו עתוני החוסיינים באיטליה, ועתוני האופוזיציה בחבשים. (בשנת 1937 הפך גם "פאלשתין" פרו - איטלקי). בצד איטליה התחילה גם גרמניה הנאצית להרים את קרנה בין הערבים והצליחה בכך, ביחוד בימי המאורעות. ביום 22 במאי 1937, יום חג. התנפנפו דגלים נאציים גדולים ביפו. חזית הבית של אגודת הפועלים היתה מקושטת צלבי קרס. בבתים רבים נראו צלבי קרס ותמונות הפיהרר, הדוצ'ה ומנהיגי המרד. בשנת 1938 ביקרו מאה ערבים ארצישראליים בוועידת המפלגה הנאצית בנירנברג. אין צורך לתאר, מה גדולה היתה השפעת הנצחונות הגרמניים, בתקופה הראשונה של המלחמה, על ערביי הארץ, ומה קשה היה אחר כך רושם מפלתם: מצרי, שביקר בארץ בימים שלאחר כיבוש ברלין כתב: "העם בוכה בבוקר ומתייפח בערב. ומכה על לחיו בין בוקר וערב."]

  77. Ha-Yarden - הירדן, 17 January 1935 —The Germans in the country in Hitler's chariot .
    הגרמנים בארץ במרכבתו של היטלר
  78. 78.0 78.1 The Sentinel, 25 February 1937 — Arabs Like Nazis , Says Moslem
  79. Arab apprentices Admire Hitler, Davar, March 10, 1937.
  80. Davar - דבר, 18 March 1937.

    Nazi poison The Association for Made in Israel submits: The agent of the well-known German company "Knoll" has been staying in Jerusalem for two weeks. While visiting an Arab pharmacy, an Arab patient came in with a prescription and asked for medicine. The owner of the pharmacy sent the wholesaler to fetch the medicine, the agent saw the packaging and found out that the medicine was made in Israel, approached the 'patient' and began preaching Nazi-style morals about buying "Jewish products from Tel Aviv." By the way, he took the prescription from him and saw that the doctor was also a Jew, he could not resist and told the Arab "Not only are you as an Arab should be ashamed to buy the Zionist products, you also go to a Jewish doctor and this is a danger for you, the Jewish doctor and the Jewish factory [sic] can poison you." This was said in the presence of an agent of a well-known English factory, who considered him an Englishman. It is worth noting that this Nazi agent arranges large orders among the Jews.

    רעל נאצי האגוד למען תוצרת הארץ מוסר: זה שבועיים שוהה בירושלים הסוכן של החברה הגרמנית הידועה "קנולל"‭ . ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ בשעת בקורו בבית מרקחת ערבי נכנס חולה ערבי עם רצפט ובקש תרופה. בעל בית המרקחת שלח לסיטונאי להביא את התרופה, בראות הסוכן את האריזה והוברר לו שהתרופה היא מתוצרת הארץ, נגש ל"פאציאנט" והתחיל להטיף לו מוסר בסגנון נאצי על שהוא קונה "תוצרת היהודים מתל־אביב". אגב לקח מידו את הרצפט וראה שגם הרופא הוא יהודי, לא יכול להתאפק ואמר לו לערבי "לא בלבד שאתה בתור ערבי צריך להתבייש לקנות תוצרת הציונים, הנך גם הולך לרופא יהודי וזוהי סכנה בשבילך, הרופא היהודי ובית החרושת היהודי יכולים גם להרעיל אותך" זה נאמר בנוכחותו של סוכן של בית חרושת אנגלי ידוע, שחשבוהו לאנגלי. כדאי להעיר שהסוכן הנאצי הזה מסדר הזמנות גדולות אצל היהודים.

  81. 81.0 81.1 "ALL ARABS CELEBRATE PROPHET'S BIRTHDAY; Christians Join Moslems in Fete Unprecedented in Palestine--Hitler and Duce Cheered". Wireless to The New York Times. May 23, 1937, Section General, Page 31.
  82. 82.0 82.1 Swastikas Fly As Arabs Mark Mohammed’s Birthday, JTA, May 23, 1937.
  83. Julián Schvindlerman, "When Hitler Became Abu Ali," The Miami Herald, Friday, June 9, 2002, p. 39. [5] [6] Arabs Admirers of Nazism...
    Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels praised the Arabs' "national .. conscience," noting that "Nazi flags fly in Palestine and they adorn their houses with Swastikas and portraits of Hitler.
  84. ha-Arets - הארץ, 23 May 1937

    The Arab press on the processions The Arab newspapers from Shabbat ... devoted almost all their pages in honor of this day ... and enthusiastically describe the ornaments in the various cities in honor of holiday. 'Falastin' particularly emphasizes the participation of Christians in the day of remembrance of the Arab "prophet". The newspaper announces that two Nazi flags were hoisted on Bustros Street and the swastika was painted on the entrance gates of the Arab Workers' Association. Many Arabs painted the swastika on the blank part of the Arab flag. Pictures of Mussolini, Hitler and Kaukji were hung in various places and in the store entrances.

    ... 'Falastin' notes in a special way that the Italian and German business and office owners in Haifa decorated their shops and offices and participated in the "holiday"...
  85. ha-Arets - הארץ 21 May 1937 —Arab demonstrations in Haifa and Jerusalem [הפגנות ערבים בחיפה ובירושלם]

    Arab demonstrations in Haifa and Jerusalem... As early as Thursday, hundreds of Arabs gathered near the Jerini Mosque and the Eastern Gate (Bab Sharqiya الشرقيّة), singing national songs to the sound of drums and dances, wielding swords and raising fireworks. Arabs raised on their shoulders shouted for the lives of Arab kings, the Mufti of Jerusalem, Advocate Wadia al-Bustani (who handles the release of Acre prisoners) and in memory of the well-known Sheikh Izz Din Qassam... Last night, at about 8 o'clock, the number of Arab congregations in the east of the city increased. And their number reached thousands of people. These tried to pass through Kings Street to the end of the old shopping center and from there wanted to return through Hamra Square and Market Street to the Istiqlal Mosque. During the procession, cries were heard for the life of Fawzi Kawkaji, Arab kings, Sheikh Qassam. When the news was delivered late in the evening, cheers continued near this mosque.

    Pictures of Hitler and Mussolini ahead of the "Prophet" holiday In preparation for the ... holiday, which will be on Shabbat, many preparations are being made in Jerusalem on behalf of the perfect to glorify and decorate the holiday. Arab houses were hoisted on many houses and the streets were decorated.

    At the entrance to the Old City on David Street, a large gate of honor decorated with large Arab flags was erected.

    It is worth noting that the Arab cafe 'Khwat al-Maraf' near the Jaffa Gate was decorated with large Arab flags ... and two large pictures of Mussolini and Hitler.

    Dozens of Arabs crowded to see this special "decoration" in honor of the perfect religious holiday.

    Yesterday evening, about 200-300 Arab brats gathered, most of them schoolchildren, and held a demonstration in the streets of the Old City. They chanted slogans against the government and sang inciting songs of the well-known kind ...

  86. 86.0 86.1 Documents on German Foreign Policy, 1918-1945: Poland; The Balkans; Latin America; the smaller powers, June 1937-March 1939. United States: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1953. 755-6; Document on German Foreign Policy, 1918-1945: series D.. United States: n.p., 1953. [7]
  87. Ben-'Ezer, Ehud. Anshe Sedom. Israel: ʻAm 'oved, 1968. 219.
    ...In his place was appointed Consul Walter Dohle, who had been a loyal Nazi since the 1920s in Germany. In July 1937, during the events, which were in fact an armed Arab uprising directed against the Jews and the British Mandate alike, the Mufti, who was now the leader of the country's Arabs, visited Dohle and proposed cooperation between the Arabs and the Axis powers against England, France and the Jews.

    ...במקומו נתמנה לקונסול ולטר דֶהלה שהיה נאצי נאמן עוד משנות העשרים בגרמניה. ביולי 1937, בתקופת המאורעות, שהיו למעשה מרד ערבי מזוין המכוון נגד היהודים והמנדט הבריטי כאחד, ביקר המופתי, שהיה עתה מנהיגם של ערביי הארץ, אצל דהלה והציע שיתוף-פעולה בין הערבים לבין מעצמות הציר נגד אנגליה, צרפת והיהודים.

  88. Steininger, Rolf. Germany and the Middle East: From Kaiser Wilhelm II to Angela Merkel. United States: Berghahn Books, 2018. 43-4
  89. 89.0 89.1 89.2 89.3 Lyn Julius, "Arab anti-Semitism, and the Nazis", Jewish Journal, February 8, 2018.

    In 1937, Walter Doehle, German consul in Jerusalem, wrote: “Palestinian Arabs in all social strata have great sympathies for the new Germany and its Führer … If a person identified himself as a German when faced with threats from an Arab crowd, this alone generally allowed him to pass freely. But when some identified themselves by making the ‘Heil Hitler’ salute, in most cases the Arabs’ attitude became expressions of open enthusiasm, and the German gave ovations, to which the Arabs responded loudly.” [...] The Mufti was personally responsible for the deaths of 20,000 European Jews murdered in the Nazi Holocaust. He organized the killing of 12,600 Bosnian Jews by Muslims, whom he recruited to the Waffen-SS Nazi-Bosnian division. He personally stopped 4,000 children, accompanied by 500 adults, from leaving Europe and had them sent to Auschwitz and gassed; he prevented another 2,000 Jews from leaving Romania and 1000 from leaving Hungary for Palestine – they too were sent to death camps...

    The ghost of Nazi-inspired, anti-Jewish bigotry was never exorcised from the Arab world. In fact Arabs became its torch-bearers. On Jan. 14, Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas, whose university thesis was an exercise in Holocaust denial, shocked all right-thinking individuals with a speech dripping with anti-Semitism, and blaming the Jews for their own deaths in the Holocaust.
  90. 90.0 90.1 90.2 Yaakov Lappin, Nazis 'shipped arms to Palestinians,' Ynetnews, Jul 5, 2006.
    British National Archives unveil presence of Nazi S.S. agents in Mandatory Palestine, working closely with Palestinian leaders.
    Historical documents in Britain’s National Archives in London show that Nazi Germany attempted to ship arms to Palestinian forces in the 1930s.

    A British Foreign Office report from 1939 reports of “news of a consignment of arms from Germany, sent via Turkey and addressed to Ibn Saud (king of Saudi Arabia), but really intended for the Palestine insurgents.” Britain’s chief military officer in Mandatory Palestine also noted reports “regarding import of German arms at intervals for some years now.”

    British documents from the same period, and German records photographed by an American spy and sent to the British government, said that a number of Nazi agents were sent to Mandatory Palestine, in order to forge alliances with Palestinian leaders, and urge them to reject a partition of the land between the Jewish and Arab populations.

    One Nazi agent, Adam Vollhardt, arrived in Palestine in July 1938, and was reported to have gained strong influence with Arab leaders, meeting with Palestinian leaders throughout 1938. Vollhardt held several meetings with leading Arab politicians and told them “that the Palestine question would be settled to the satisfaction of the Arabs within a few weeks,” adding that “it would be fatal to their (Palestinians’) cause if at this juncture they showed any signs of weakness or exhaustion.”

    "Germany was interested in the settlement of the (Palestine) question on the basis of the Arabs obtaining their full demands,” Vollhardt was reported to say to Palestinian leaders, according to a report by the British War Office. Vollhardt also assured Arab leaders that “the Germans could continue to support the Palestinian Arab cause by means of propaganda.”

    German documents photographed and sent to Whitehall by an American spy revealed that in 1937, German officials had calculated that “Palestine under Arab rule would… become one of the few countries where we could count on a strong sympathy for the new Germany.”

    ‘Arabs admire our Fuhrer’

    “The Palestinian Arabs show on all levels a great sympathy for the new Germany and its Fuhrer, a sympathy whose value is particularly high as it is based on a purely ideological foundation,” a Nazi official in Palestine wrote in a letter to Berlin in 1937. He added: “Most important for the sympathies which Arabs now feel towards Germany is their admiration for our Fuhrer, especially during the unrests, I often had an opportunity to see how far these sympathies extend. When faced with a dangerous behaviour of an Arab mass, when one said that one was German, this was already generally a free pass.”

    A second Nazi agent, Dr. Franz Reichart, was reported to be actively working with Palestinian Arabs by the British Criminal Investigation Division “to help coordinate Arab and German propaganda.” Reichart was also head of the German Telegraphic Agency in Jerusalem.

    German records show that the Nazis viewed the establishment of a Jewish state with great concern. A 1937 report from German General Consulate in Palestine said: “The formation of a Jewish state… is not in Germany’s interest because a (Jewish) Palestinian state would create additional national power bases for international Jewry such as for example the Vatican State for political Catholicism or Moscow for the Communists. Therefore, there is a German interest in strengthening the Arabs as a counter weight against such possible power growth of the Jews.”

    Jewish refugees abandoned

    The records also show that the news of increased Nazi-Arab cooperation panicked the British government, and caused it to cancel a plan in 1938 to bring to Palestine 20,000 German Jewish refugees, half of them children, facing danger from the Nazis.

    Documents show that after deciding that the move would upset Arab opinion, Britain decided to abandon the Jewish refugees to their fate.

    “His Majesty’s Government asked His Majesty’s Representatives in Cairo, Baghdad and Jeddah whether so far as they could judge, feelings in Egypt, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia against the admission of, say 5,000 Jewish children for adoption… would be so strong as to lead to a refusal to send representatives to the London discussions. All three replies were strongly against the proposal, which was not proceeded with,” a Foreign Office report said.

    “If war were to break out, no trouble that the Jews could occasion us, in Palestine or elsewhere, could weigh for a moment against the importance of winning Muslim opinion to our side,” Britain’s Minister for Coordination of Defence, Lord Chatfield, told the British cabinet in 1939, shortly before Britain reversed its decision to partition its mandate, promising instead all of the land to the Palestinian Arabs.
  91. Anabda Dorschel-Dan, Secret file reveals Haganah feared Eichmann infiltration post-WWII, TOI, Aug 25, 2015
  92. 92.0 92.1 92.2 Chen Malul, Adolf Eichmann’s Secret Visit to Palestine, The Librarians [בלוג הספרייה הלאומית], Nov 6, 2017.

    Years before Eichmann was brought to Israel to stand trial, the notorious mass-murderer visited Mandatory Palestine in 1937 while disguised as a journalist... "Eichmann reported from his visit to Israel: The creation of a Jewish State must be prevented", Maariv, 28th of April, 1961...

    On 2 October 1937 the Romania docked at the port of Haifa, carrying the two Nazi officials who travelled incognito as a German journalist and a student. Their application to enter Mandatory Palestine was denied by the Mandatory authorities. It is not clear whether the two had been identified or whether their entry permits had aroused the suspicion of the customs officials. In any event, they were given a temporary entry permit for one night only. Disappointed by the failure of their mission, the two toured Haifa and spent the night on Mount Carmel. After the time they were allotted was up, they sailed for Egypt where they met with Mufti Amin al-Husseini and...

    Even though the two Nazi representatives had been within the borders of Palestine for less than a day, Adolf Eichmann considered himself a qualified expert on the future of the state-in-the-making. In a detailed report to his superiors, Eichmann wrote that the economic situation of the Jewish settlement was dire, and it did not appear that it would improve any time soon. He did not tie the difficult situation to either geopolitical or material conditions but (as befitting a good Nazi) blamed it on the Jews’ ...

    Eichmann’s great fear was that the expulsion of the Jews from Germany would contribute in the future to the establishment of a stronger and prosperous Jewish entity that would rely on the great wealth which the deportees would bring with them to Palestine...
  93. Prof. Moshe Zimmerman, Globes, 25.10.2015
  94. The Sentinel, 4 June 1936.

    Suspect Nazis in Palestine Uprising

    Jerusalem, June 1 (JTA)— Suspicion of Nazi complicity in the Arab revolt increased when numerous German citizens from Tanganyika, speaking Arabic fluently, were arrested in Jaffa on suspicion of being connected with harbor disturbances.

    The belief that Germany might be involved was strengthened when it was discovered that many of the rifles found with Arab rebels after uprisings at Nablus, Tulkarem and Jaffa, were of German make. Observers had previously inferred from that fact the Arabs were using new rifles that some foreign power might be implicated.

    Arabs in lighters attempted to set Jewish boats in the temporary Tel Aviv harbor on fire by throwing tins of burning gasoline on board. Newspapers expressed the belief that Nazis were involved...
  95. The Sentinel, 4 June 1936. Arabs Captured with Smuggled Nazi Arms
  96. French Paper Exposes Nazi Armament of Arab Terrorists, The Sentinel, 9 December 1937
  97. The American Jewish World, 9 September 1938 —Arab Terror Grows; Evidence of Fascist, Nazi Backing Seen

    Arab Terror Grows; Evidence of Fascist, Nazi Backing Seen

    JERUSALEM (Special)—Arab terrorists grow bolder and violence continues unabated in Palestine.

    Evidence has become more concrete that Nazi and Fascist influence and money is backing the terrorist group as a means of embarrassing Britain.

    While other banks have posted heavy guards against recurring holdups, the German and Italian banks continue business unguarded and their managers freely say they need no protection in an Arab country.

    Notices are appearing calling for volunteers for the Arab rebellion, signed with the name of Youssef Abu Dura, rebel commander – in-chief.

    While Arab policemen looked on indifferently an Arab crier went through Jaffa calling on Arab youth to enlist for expulsion of all infidels from Palestine and establishment of an Arab kingdom.

    The Arab population appears to be more in fear of the vengeance of the terrorists than of punishment by the authorities.

    A demand from rebel headquarters to Falastin, Arab daily, that it disobey the government order against publishing terrorist news , sent Falastin representatives into the hills for conference with the rebel authorities , and there are indications that Falastin, caught between prohibitory orders from the government and mandatory orders from the terrorists may suspend publication.

    Terrorism mounts daily in the Tel Aviv-Jaffa area, and the Jewish community of Tel Aviv appealed to the government to permit enlistment of a Jewish defense corps and to erect a fence between the Arab and Jewish municipalities.

    The appeal was made after a bomb explosion in which nine Jews were wounded, three seriously and destruction of a synagogue by incendiary fire.

    Near the Damascus gate terrorist murdered a Christian Arab for giving information to the police.

    Arab constable was murdered on the Jerusalem-Jaffa highway. Terrorist even destroyed a police post at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem.

    An appeal by Moslem religious leaders for abstinence from violence during the three-month penitentia period of Shehur Al Haram was angrily rejected by the terrorists.

    According to figures published here by the Palestine Post 266 deaths by violence occurred in August. Include in this total were 48 Jews, 193 Arabs and 19 British soldiers or officials.
  98. 98.0 98.1 HaMashkif - המשקיף, 11 December 1947.

    European guides for the Arab gangs

    Nazi prisoners of war who fled Egypt and anti-Semites from England

    By our political writer

    The Arab League announced yesterday in Cairo (Reuters affirms) that Germans from the Wehrmacht, and especially members of the African Corps, had announced their desire to volunteer for the Arab troops for the war in E"Y [Palestine] ...

    Various European guides, Nazi prisoners of war and other foreigners are already participating in the training of the Arab gangs. The role of foreigners in previous riots is known, that in the days of the events of 1936-39 the help of German and Italian guides to the Arab gangs was widespread, and only thanks to it was it possible for the Arab gangs to last for a long time ...

    Nazis and English offered their service to the Arabs

    Cairo - more than 5,000 people, many of whom were soldiers in the First and Second World Wars, ran telegrams and letters from various parts of the British Empire, America and Europe to the Arab League headquarters, and offered their service to the Arab League -, it was reported yesterday ... Proposals from the French, and Germans who served in the Nazi Wehrmacht as well as in the 'Afrika Korps' were reported. [...] ... and the 'Haganah' rejects requests from Irish volunteers

    'U P.' Brings an amendment to an article published yesterday on the desire of 6,500 American Irish to enlist in the Haganah (defense) of the Jewish community in Eretz Israel. David Wohl, a representative of the Americans for Haganah, said that their requests were rejected, first of all - because the 'Haganah' in Israel has between 60,000 and 80,000 members. And second, because the 'Haganah' does not want to endanger the lives of American citizens. מדריכים אירופיים לכנופיות הערביות שבויים נאציים שברחו ממצרים ואנטישמים מאנגליה מאת סופרנו המדיני הליגה הערבית מסרה אתמול בקהיר (כך מאשר רויט'רס‭,‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ (‬כי גרמנים מן הוורמכט, ובמיוחד אנשי הקורפוס האפריקאי הודיעה על רצונם להתנדב לחילות הערבים למלחמה בארץ־ישראל... מדריכים אירופיים שונים גרמנים נאצים שבויי המלחמה וכן זרים אחרים משתתפים כבר באימון הכנופיות הערביות. תפקיד הזרים במהומות הקודמות ידוע, כי בימי המאורעות של 39־1936 היתה העזרה של המדריכים הגרמניים והאיטלקיים לכנופיות הערביות רבת־משקל, ורק הודות לה אופשר לכנופיות הערביות להחזיק מעמד במשך תקופה ארוכה...

    נאצים ואנגלים הציעו שרותם לערבים

    קהיר (ר) — למעלה מ־5,000 איש, שרבים מהם היו חיילים במלחמת העולם הראשונה והשניה, הריצו מברקים ומכתבים מחלקים שונים של האימפריה הבריטית, אמריקה ואירופה למפקדת הליגה הערבית, והציעו את שירותם לליגה הערבית כן נמסר אתמול... כן נמסר על הצעות מצרפתים, וגרמנים ששירתו בוורמכט הנאצי וכן ב'קורפוס האפריקני.' ‭[...]‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ ... ‬וה'הגנה' דוחה בקשות מתנדבים אירים 'יו. פי.' מביאה תיקון לידיעה, שפורסמה אתמול, על רצונם של 6,500 אירים אמריקניים להתגייס להגנת הישוב העברי בארץ־ישראל. דוד ווהל, נציג 'אמריקאים למען ההגנה' אמר שבקשותיהם נדחו, ראשית - משום של'הגנה' בארץ-ישראל יש מ-60 עד 80 אלף חבר. ושנית- מפני שה'הגנה' אינה רוצה לסכן את חייהם של אזרחים אמריקניים.

  99. Palestine Post, 21 October 1938.

    SPIRIT OF HITLER

    The 'Scotsman' in a leading article on the Palestine question, states: "No British Government can impose a scheme which would ultimately make it possible for the Arabs to massacre the Jews. Such a solution breathes the spirit of Hitler, not of England."
  100. St. Petersburg Times - Sep 16, 1938.

    Arabs Hail Hitler As Liberator; In Spain Franco Is Worried London A broad scale of British reinforcements to troubled Palestine was announced here yesterday simultaneous with reports that Egypt was taking defense precautions in North Africa… Although the officials declined to disclose the exact number of troops going to Palestine, it was estimated 8,000 men were involved in the transfer to the Holy Land where many Arabs are hailing Reichsfuehrer Hitler of Germany and Premier Benito Mussolini of Italy as their "hope" in the Arab-Jewish dispute... Arabs Look to Hitler

    Hitler and Mussolini were brought to the fore in Palestine following the fuehrer’s Nurnberg speech last Tuesday I which he said, Arabs in the Hoy Land were “defenseless and left in the lurch.”
  101. The Australian Jewish News. 23 September 1938.

    HUNDRED PALESTINE ARABS SAIL FOR NAZI CONGRESS.

    JERUSALEM.

    A party of one hundred Arabs embarked for Germany today on the liner Galilee at Haifa, to attend the Nazi Party Congress at Nuremberg.
  102. Gerold Frank Is Dead at 91; Author of Celebrity Memoirs. By Dinitia Smith. New York Times. Sept. 19, 1998
  103. Frank, Gerold. The Deed. N.p.: Valmy Publishing, 2017. [8]

    For the next three and a half years—1936 until September, 1939, when World War II broke out—the Arabs were to loot, terrorize, shoot, rape, attack Jewish settlements and lay waste to farms. The Mufti of Jerusalem, encouraged by Axis successes in Abyssinia and Central Europe, had seized power among the Palestine Arabs. What began as a six-month strike against increased Jewish immigration turned into a guerrilla war in which Arab extremists did not hesitate to attack their own moderates and even the British. The British Administration, hoping to appease the Arabs, met this challenge half-heartedly. It became unsafe for Jews to venture outside the Jewish quarters of the cities, or to travel in the country without armed guard.

    Passing an Arab shop one might hear a record chanting in Arabic, "Slaughter the Jews!" Photographs of Hitler began to spring up in Arab barber shops and cafés, side by side with those of the Mufti. Youngsters in Arab villages marched about waving small swastika flags.
  104. Yeme ha-kalaniyot: Erets Yisrael bi-tekufat ha-Mandat by Segev, Tom. Keter, 1999 [Page 341: Hilda Wilson the teacher from Bir Zeit ...] Page 335: … Wilson foresaw: "But he was a Jew!" They protested. Wilson tried to divert the discussion to the question of who a great man is: he is a man who influences the spirits of his contemporaries, Wilson said. Most of the students, she wrote, mentioned Adolf Hitler at the top of every list.
  105. Arab "mein Kampf" on Sale], JTA, October 31, 1938 [9] [10].

    Jerusalem, Oct. 30, (JTA)

    Arabic translation of Adolf Hitler’s "Mein Kampf" was put on sale here today at the modest price of three piastres (about 21 cents). Many copies are being distributed among the Arabs free of charge. It was noted that the edition placed on sale here carefully purged the passage in which the Arabs are graded fourteenth on the racial scale.
  106. Davar - דבר, 12 May 1939.

    מוסקבה על יחסי חג' אמין — נאצים מוסקבה, 11. ‭‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ השלטונות הארצי-ישראליים מודאגים מטיסתו הפתאומית לברלין של דאוד אל־חוסייני, בן-דודו של המופתי. בחוגים יודעי דבר סבורים, כי דאוד חוסייני זה משמש כמקשר בין המופתי לשעבר והממשלה הגרמנית‭.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ בשנה האחרונה בלבד הוציאה גרמניה על תעמולה בין ערבים בארץ ישראל ‭60,000‬ לי"ש.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Moscow on Relations Hajj Amin - Nazis Moscow, 11. The authorities in Israel [Palestine] are concerned about the sudden flight to Berlin of the Mufti's cousin. Knowledgeable circles believe that this Daoud Husseini serves as a liaison between the former Mufti and the German government.

    In the past year alone, Germany has spent 60,000 pounds on propaganda amongst the Arabs in Israel [Palestine].
  107. Arab "mein Kampf," Shipped from Egypt, Put on Sale in Palestine, JTA, January 26, 1939.
    A large shipment of Hitler’s "Mein Kampf" in Arab translation arrived here from Egypt today and were immediately put on sale at one shilling (25 cents) each. The Egyptian firm that published the translation was reportedly financed by the Nazi Propaganda Ministry.
  108. 108.0 108.1 Zmanim. (1998). Israel: Zemorah, Bitan, Modan. p. 2.
    In February 1932 the newspaper Falastin published an extensive article about Adolf Hitler; The thrilled writer enthusiastically and admiringly described the personality of Hitler, whom he called one of the greats of the New World or the "Iron Man of Germany."
  109. 109.0 109.1 The Palestine Post, May 22, 1933.
    "Noble Hitler" — Says "Falastin"

    "Falastin" considers the Jews to be quite in the wrong in their criticism of anti-Jewish acts in Germany. Hitler is [sic[ Innocent and Noble, strong and beloved by his people and has succeeded in saving [sic] his country from the vile (sic) Jews."

    The Elders of Zion are also dragged into Falastin's article . They rule the world and do not like Hitler and are doing all they can to overthrow him, writes the Jaffa paper
  110. 110.0 110.1 Haggai Erlich, The Middle East Between the World Wars," vol.2; vol.5, Open University of Israel, 2002, p.81.

    ...But Falastin also reflected the overall view of fascism as a national and organizational prescription, for example the writer the physician and communist (and who was close to the 'Husseini' camp) Khalil al-Budeiri in Falastin, January 5, 1936: It is very easy to explain our youth's sympathy for the fascist idea. All the news passed on to us about this movement illustrates it as a new human revival that promises hope and prosperity. We, too, who are at the beginning of our national revival, should strive to achieve similar goals and communicate with the movements that aspire to them, this and more, adolescence tends to admire power and heroism ... No comprehensive research has yet been conducted on the mood of the Palestinians, but the journalism of the time (the same study by the historian Dr. Mustafa Kabha) shows a great deal of admiration for the power and solidity of Nazi Germany's achievements. May 14, 1933 The first months of the reign of the German dictator and exclaimed: "Will an Arab Hitler appear among us to awaken, unite and lead us to lead us to fight and defend our rights?" Al-Difa's newspaper had long published translated excerpts from Hitler's Mein Kampf's book. He kept a regular correspondent in Berlin who persisted in sending sympathetic articles about the achievements of the Nazi regime. The paper's editor, Ibrahim al-Shanti, called on Arab youth (in an article from June 1, 1934) to "learn from Hitler's actions and imitate them in order to achieve similar national achievements." The Jaffa-based Falastin, which criticized Mussolini, supported Hitler, as did almost all the other newspapers... The first page of the Jaffa-based Falastin issue dated April 29, 1939. The headline announces "Hitler's historic speech," in which he rejects the Roosevelt letter, the cancellation of the naval agreement with Britain and the cancellation of the nonaggression pact on Poland. In the center of the page, around the image of the brazened face of the Nazi ruler.. the body of the report, the subtitle summarizes other parts of Hitler's speech...

    This speech of Hitler was accepted by many in the world as an act of a madman who consciously degenerates humanity into the abyss. In this way, for example, even the leader of the "Young Egypt", Ahmed Hussein, responded to these words, but the Jaffa-based 'Falastin' does not hide its sympathy. The title he chose is a quote from the Fuhrer "I have built in peaceful [ways] what others have destroyed by force."
  111. Michael J Cohen, "Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948," Taylor & Francis, 2014, p. 398
  112. Shmuel Dotan, HaMaavak al Eretz Israel [The struggle for Palestine] (Tel Aviv, Ministry for Defence, 1981), p. 206.
    During the days of the uprising in Iraq, preparations were made in the country for the resumption of the uprising. Posters with a swastika on their heads were distributed among the Arabs and called for an alliance with the Germans. Although he failed in Iraq, Haj Amin did not believe that he had made a mistake. He was honorably received in Europe, intended with Hitler and Mussolini; In these meetings he argued for the representation of the Arab and Muslim world.

    שמואל דותן, המאבק על ארץ ישראל, 1981, עמ' 206.

    בעצם ימי ההתקוממות בעיראק נעשו הכנות בארץ לחידוש המרד. כרוזים עם צלב-הקרס בראשם, הופצו בין הערבים וקראו לברית עם הגרמנים. אף כי נכשל בעיראק לא סבר חאג' אמין כי מקח טעות בידו. הוא התקבל בכבוד באירופה , נועד עם היטלר ומוסוליני; בפגישות אלו טען לייצוג העולם הערבי והמוסלמי.

  113. The Living Age ... ,(Littell, Son and Company, 1937), vol. 353, [p. 304.
    ITALY Woos THE ARABS

    By ANDRÉ PALERT Translated from Marianne, Paris Liberal Weekly. PREMIER MUSSOLINI'S attempts

    to influence the Arab world against Britain, really date back a decade...
  114. Howard Morley Sachar, "Europe Leaves the Middle East, 1936-1954," (Allen Lane, 1974), p. 50.
    Similar accounts were published in October, 1938, by the respected French weekly Marianne. André Palert, the paper's special correspondent in Jerusalem, interviewed the Mufti at the latter's office in the Haram al-Sharif and was informed that Italian arms and funds were reaching the Holy Land, although in limited...
  115. Jeff Jacoby (@Jeff_Jacoby) Tweeted (12 May, 2019)
    In 1938, the French journal Marianne reported that Arabs in Palestine were enthusiastically pro-Nazi: “At Nablus, the Arab population [gives] shouts of ‘Heil Hitler’.… the Arab journals Falastin & Al Difa’a … reproduce large portraits of various leaders of the Third Reich.
  116. Richard Mather, Hitler's war against Jews continues in 'Palestine', JPost, March 16, 2015.
    In 1929, Husseini distributed pamphlets saying: “O Arabs, do not forget that the Jew is your worst enemy and has been the enemy of your forefathers.” He also announced that the Jews had “violated the honour of Islam.” This led to a pogrom in Jerusalem and a massacre in Hebron, where 60 Jews were killed and the town ethnically cleansed. The British attributed the attacks to “racial animosity on the part of the Arabs.”
  117. Parliamentary Debates (Hansard).: House of Commons official report, Vol. 347. Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. H.M. Stationery Office, 1938. Contains the 4th session of the 28th Parliament through the session of the Parliament., pp. 2045-6 Palestine 22 May 1939.
    • Hearings, United States. Congress. House. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943, pp. 456-7
    • The Jewish National Home in Palestine: Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Seventy-eighth Congress, Second Session, on H. Res. 418 and H. Res. 419, Resolutions Relative to the Jewish National Home in Palestine. February 8, 9, 15, and 16, 1944, Volume 1.United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1944, pp. 456-7 [11].
  118. The Palestine Post, 3 September 1939 — HITLER IN ARABIC FROM BERLIN
  119. Hajj Amin al-Husayni: The Mufti of Jerusalem Holocaust Encyclopedia
  120. Dalin, David. Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam, (Taylor & Francis, 2017), chapter 6.
    'From his youth, al-Husseini believed in the credibility of these accusation of... ritual murder.'
  121. Jewish Encyclopedia Daat - Riots 1929. פרעות תרפ"ט.

    Riots 1929, in which many Jews were killed throughout the country. Content: The origin of the massacre in Hebron, Har Tov, Kibbutz Hulda. Riots 1929 Riots raged by the Arabs among the Jews, in 1929, in which many Jews were killed throughout the country. After a week of incitement, the Arabs began organized riots in Jerusalem on Friday, August 23, 1929. Crowds of Arabs who came to pray on the Temple Mount burst in the direction of Jewish Jerusalem, hitting knives and clubs with every Jew who happened to be on their way and destroying the shops. The villages near Jerusalem took an active part in the riots; The village of Deir Yassin, which dominated the western neighborhoods of the city and was close to the Givat Shaul neighborhood, played a key role. The neighborhoods in the south of the city were also attacked by the Arabs of the area - Kibbutz Ramat Rachel was completely destroyed after its residents were abandoned and part of the Talpiot neighborhood was destroyed, including the house of the writer S. Agnon. . Origin At the exit near Jerusalem, about 30 Arabs from the nearby Arab village (Colonia) attacked the extreme house in the neighborhood, the Maklef family home, one of the neighborhood's founders. In a few moments, the members of the Maklef family and two guests who were at home were slaughtered with knives, together seven people. The women were abused before the murder, they were raped and then murdered. After the murder and looting set the house on fire. One son, Mordechai, survived (later became IDF Chief of Staff). Among the killers was the shepherd of the Maklef family as well as the Arab policeman who was the only one to use a firearm. After completing the massacre at a peeling house, the killers moved into the home of Broza, also one of the neighborhood's founders. The Broza family barricaded themselves in their home and the Arab attackers were unable to break in, so they turned to nearby houses. Two hours after the murder, three police cars arrived at the scene and took most of the locals to Jerusalem, and the houses of the colony were robbed by the Arab neighbors. The massacre in Hebron But the worst of all happened in Hebron; The Jews lived in Hebron for hundreds of years and lived in peace with their Arab neighbors. But all this did not prevent the Arabs from storming the houses of the Jews on Saturday morning, August 24, 1929, and killing anyone who happened to be in their way. The murder was brutal and the abuse of women was horrible. Out of a settlement of 600 Jews, 67 men, women and children were murdered in cold blood that morning and many dozens were injured. Told an eyewitness: The rioters attacked the Jewish baker and burned his head in the fire of Primus, who set him on fire, and when they saw that he was still alive, his intestines were beaten with daggers ... She begged the murderers to kill her and when they "felt sorry for her" they rattled her stomach and burned her intestines. (Book of Hebron, page 418) A memorandum sent by the Hebron Refugee Committee to the High Commissioner states, among other things: That day all the Jews were expelled from Hebron, and returned to the city only 40 years later, after the Six Day War. (Some of the Jews returned after the riots of 1929, but were expelled from there in 1936). In Tel Aviv and Haifa, too, the Arabs rioted against the Jews (13 people were killed in both places), but the more difficult problem was in the small and isolated localities, far from large centers. Har-Tov, 130 people, was attacked by local Arabs. All the residents were fortified in one of the houses with 5 rifles in their possession. Each time the rioters approached the house, rifle fire was opened on them and they retreated. One of the settlers dressed up as an Arab and in the evening managed to get to the train station and call for help. Meanwhile, the rioters raided the farm and the settlers' houses and looted everything nearby (cows, horses, grain, furniture and more). Towards midnight, soldiers arrived at the scene in two armored cars, and a number of shots were fired by the rioters. All the residents were transferred by train to Tel Aviv and the small settlement was completely destroyed by the Arabs. A fate similar to that of Har Tov befell both the nearby village of Uriah and the small settlement of Beer Tuvia in the south of the country. Kibbutz Hulda On the evening of August 26, the agricultural farm that was later Kibbutz Hulda was attacked by thousands of Arabs from the area. After a heavy battle, in which the commander of the place, Ephraim Chizik, was killed, a military force arrived at night and evacuated the residents of the kibbutz. The Arab rioters looted everything nearby, and then set the kibbutz on fire. Safed Disruptions did not pass over the north of the country, and many localities were attacked, but the most severe happened to the Jews of Safed. Nearly 3,000 Jews lived in Safed and lived on good terms with their Arab neighbors (about 10,000 in number). Indeed, there was silence in Safed, while disturbances raged throughout the country. However, on the fifth day of the riots, when the police and the army seemed to be in control of the situation, there was a bloodbath in Safed. On Thursday afternoon, August 29, 1929, Arab rioters broke into the Jewish Quarter, stabbing and killing Jews mercilessly. The rioters set fire to a fuel depot and the fire soon spread to all parts of the Jewish Quarter. Within half an hour, 18 people were killed, most of them women and the elderly, and 80 were injured and treated at Hadassah Hospital. The defense organization showed utter incompetence, and only police intervention prevented a greater disaster. In the evening, 10 army cars arrived and by order of the governor, the soldiers gathered the city's Jews into the government yard. The Jews stayed in the government yard for two days and watched as their houses caught fire. On the second night, the Arabs also attacked the government yard and two Jews were killed in the shootings, one of them a boy who was wounded and later died of his wounds. On Saturday morning, the refugees left the government yard and returned to the plundered and destroyed Jewish quarter, and only on Sunday did material aid arrive from Tiberias and Haifa. "There is no doubt that a small and organized defense force could have prevented the disaster. However, that force was not present." (History of the Haganah, II, p. 339) The small Jewish settlement in Ein Zeitim, near Safed, was also attacked. 3 Jews were killed and the rest fled to Safed. Documentation of disturbances according to the newspapers of the period, in the book "The Attack" by Israel Amikam.

    Source of the entry: Prof. Yehuda Lapidot
  122. "Matthias Küntzel: Islamic Antisemitism: How It Originated and Spread," July 3, 2018.

    Islamic antisemitism did not develop spontaneously but was invented and used as a means to an end. This process began about 80 years ago in the context of Arab attempts to stop the Zionist immigration to Palestine which considerably increased in the 1930s. The first text that propagated sheer Jew-hatred in an Islamic context by mixing selected anti-Jewish episodes of Mohammed’s life with the so-called wickedness [sic] of Jews in the 20th century was a 31-page brochure in the Arabic language with the title Islam and Jewry, published on August 18, 1937 in Cairo. In September 1937, this pamphlet achieved significance through its distribution at the “National Arab Congress” in Bludan, a health resort in Syria, 30 miles (50 kilometres) northwest of Damascus... While historians have still to answer important questions about Islam and Jewry and Bludan, the political context which facilitated the emergence of Islamic antisemitism is quite clear....

    The brochure itself culminates in the following call: “Do not tolerate the partition plan, for Palestine has been an Arab country for centuries and shall remain Arabic forever.”
  123. The Palestine Post, 12 September 1937. Page 4.

    Bludan Congress Against Partition Ahmed Shukeiri of Acre. The Mufti's Message Palestine Arabic have newspapers published the full text of the Mufti of Jerusalem's lengthy message to the Bludan Congress, in which he portrayed the danger to Arab countries of the Zionist-Jewish movement, which he described as a European Crusade against Islam, and declared that the Arab people would rise and fight world Jewry... Lebanese Attitude According to the Beirut correspondent of "Al Islamia," a rift has arisen between the Lebanese Premier and the Minister of Interior over the latter's desire, following a visit by Mouin el Maadi , the Mufti of Jerusalem's to envoy, to secure Lebanese Government support for the Palestine Arab question. L'Orient , of Beirut , regarded as the unofficial organ of the Lebanese Government , has indicated in a leading article that there can be no other attitude than that of friendly relations with the population of Palestine , no matter whether they were Arabs or Jews. Lebanon's best policy was one of complete neutrality , it was affirmed. "Nothing advantageous would have emerged from Lebanon's official participation in the Bludan Congress, and . on the other hand, Lebanon would have lost an important asset—the extensive summer traffic in its mountain resorts in which Jewish visitors have an important share."

    Friday's issue of "Ad Difa'a" was severely critical of the Lebanese authorities.
  124. 124.0 124.1 124.2 A credible story..., M. Uziel, Maariv, May 1, 2016.

    … "A 90-minute meeting with Hitler is not a trivial matter," says Oholy. "It promised that the only German interest in the Middle East would be the extermination of Jews. The Mufti wrote in his diary in Arabic that Hitler had told him that he was fighting Jews uncompromisingly and without respite. He added, 'I decided to find a solution to the Jewish problem in stages and without a break. I will direct the necessary and appropriate reading to all the peoples of Europe, and then to the countries outside Europe.' In other words, there is in fact justice in Netanyahu's claim, at least in that one of the first secret partners in the extermination plan was the Mufti. " ... the Mufti wrote on May 6, 1943 to the Bulgarian Foreign Minister, in a letter requesting that Jews be sent to rescue: "And there will be a good deed of gratitude to the Arab people." ... Canaan was not just a journalist. "A trusted professional and impartial historian in his pioneering research, he was personally a great authority on Nazi-Palestinian activity in Palestine, as he was in charge of the issue as a senior officer in the British police and was involved in the entire investigation."... Bureau 06, the police unit that prepared the evidence file for the Eichmann trial, found a very strong connection between the Mufti and Eichmann. " It is very easy to find evidence of Eichmann and the Mufti's connections. Bureau 06 found, for example, a record of the Mufti in his personal diary on a page dated November 9, 1944, "And the good (or the faithful) in the Arab friends Eichmann." This is not only a random proof of the connection between the Mufti and Eichmann, but of the Mufti's involvement in the final solution, and of the Mufti's scale of values, according to which the extermination of the Jewish people is an act of friendship for the Arab cause. Herf attaches importance to the fact that al-Husseini was a Nazi-style extremist Jew-hater even before he arrived in Berlin. In his article, he quotes a speech delivered by the Mufti in 1937, before the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust. The speech was delivered in Syria and when I read it I was amazed to find that it had been translated into German by the Nazi leadership at the time, published in a Nazi - controlled press and that all Nazi leaders knew it as early as 1938. At the same conference in Syria, Husseini was elected by the 400 deputies as the honorary president of the pan-Arab organization. After World War II, Haj Amin was accepted as a hero in Egypt and Palestine. In 1946, Hassan al-Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, called Husseini "a hero who challenged the empire and Zionism with the help of Hitler and Germany. Germany and Hitler are no more, but Amin al-Husseini will continue the struggle." A similar attitude of admiration was shown by the Arab Supreme Council and the Palestinian People's Party, which elected him their leader in 1945. In 1948, Amin al-Husseini was the commander of the Palestinian forces during the War of Independence, whose goal was to occupy and destroy the Jewish community. Prof. Meir Litvak, who co-authored the book "Empathy for Denial, Arab Reactions to the Holocaust," explains that al-Husseini's status among Palestinians is not excited today. "Mainly because they see him as primarily responsible for their defeat in the War of Independence," explains Prof. Litvak. "Some see him as responsible for the failure of Palestinian society to build political infrastructure and institutions as the Zionist movement did. Most writers on his activities in Germany try to downplay his actions, trying to justify his move to Germany by the British leaving him no choice, which is not true. "The Arab, and no one wants to be identified with her, despite the attempt to downplay the significance of the Holocaust. The Palestinian encyclopedia, for example, skips the years during which the Mufti stayed in Germany with the value written about him."

    To a large extent, the PLO developed the lie of Zionist-Nazi cooperation in the extermination of the Jews, in order to counter the Mufti's real cooperation with the Nazis, Prof. Litvak claims. "Hamas and Islamic circles in Palestinian society, on the other hand, take a different approach," it praises the Mufti for his uncompromising stance in his struggle against Zionism, praising him for understanding the centrality of religion in the struggle against Zionism and the need to harness Islam for the war against the Jews. They have no problem with being in Nazi Germany. According to them, he did what was necessary to help the Palestinian cause. For them, the British and Americans were no better than the Germans. It would have been convenient for the Palestinians if the Germans had won the war...
  125. The Forgotten Tiberias Pogrom of 1938, JVL.

    (October 2, 1938). The year 1938 was especially violent in the Holy Land. It was the midst of a violent three-year nationalist uprising known as the Arab Revolt. Led by the father of Arab nationalism in Palestine, Jerusalem Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Arabs founded the Arab High Committee and set three key demands for ending the violence: ending all Jewish immigration, banning land sales to Jews, and giving Arabs control of Mandatory Palestine, leaving them to deal with the Jews. A steady stream of incitement in schools, the Arab press, and houses of worship ensued, along with a call to boycott Jewish products. In April 1936, Arab terrorists attacked a Jewish bus and killed two. This event unleashed a cycle of tit-for-tat violence which saw the death of many Jews and Arabs. One area that saw many violent attacks on Jews was Tiberias. In May 1938, a Jew was killed by an explosion and, in September, three Jews were murdered, and a Jew and an Arab were wounded by four Arab terrorists. Tiberias was a poorly defended city .... On October 2, an Arab terrorist cell occupied the hills surrounding Tiberias. They waited for the cover of darkness to begin their well-planned operation. At 9 p.m., the terrorists cut the telephone lines into Tiberias so the victims could not call for assistance. Two terrorist cells hiding in the hills entered city from the north and south. Five minutes later, the terrorists remaining in the hills sounded a shrill whistle loud enough so both cells could hear it. This signaled the beginning of the attack. The small local police force was taken by surprise. The terrorists first hit the office of the British district commissioner, the police station, and the quarters where British police were housed hoping to weaken or eliminate any defenses. The attackers then went to the central synagogue and set it on fire. The caretaker of the synagogue Ezekiel Katz, 42, was trapped inside and burned to death.

    The terrorists also burned down the local post office before making their way to the Jewish neighborhood of Kiryat Shmuel, north of the old city, armed with bombs, rifles, daggers, and torches. That is when the “systematically organized and savagely executed” carnage began.

    The terrorists set fire to several Jewish wooden homes. They entered the house of Joshua Ben-Arieh where he, his wife Shoshanna, and one of their sons, Arieh, were stabbed to death and then set on fire. There younger son Moshe, only 18 months old, was shot to death. Visiting the Ben-Arieh family were three siblings – Chaim age 12, Rivkah age 10, and Ezra age 8. The terrorists stabbed and burned to death all three children. While Shimon Yochanan Mizrahi was on patrol in another part of town, terrorists stormed his house and killed his wife Rachel, 26, and all five of their children ages 12, 5, 3, 2, and 1. The Arabs also attacked a third house, the home of Menachem Kabni, 60, and his wife Dora, 40. Both were American citizens. Mr. Kabni had been the beadle of a synagogue in New York for 30 years. Rabbi Asha Werner, who had been visiting Tiberias at the time, reported that the infiltrators stabbed the couple to death and burned their bodies. Miraculously, Mr. Kabni’s sister Esther managed to escape the execution.

    In total, the terrorists set six Jewish houses on fire and savagely murdered anyone they could find inside. Two supernumerary Jewish constables, Israel Bookman and Zvi Chatzkeleviz, and an additional Jewish man, Jacob Gross, died in a gun fight valiantly trying to stop the attacks. Several other Jews were seriously injured. All but four of the victims were stabbed to death and set on fire...
  126. Haboker - הבקר, 4 October 1938.
    20 Martyrs of Tiberias - The blood of a mother was mixed with the blood of her six children.

    ‬ 20 חללי טבריה - נתערבו דמה של אם בדם ששת ילדה

  127. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 9 October 1938.

    Tiberias.

    What happened on the night of the horrors, on the eve of Tishrei, in Tiberias is not one of the events we are used to during the three years of horrors that befell the Jewish community in the country. This is not at all what the government has been calling the "Arab uprising" lately, but riots by gangs of murderers, who came and attacked a quiet and safe neighborhood, veteran residents of the Tiberias suburb.

    And as evidence, the attackers were not gangs of murderers from outside, but neighbors of Tiberias from the nearby villages to the north and south, the villages of Lubia and Tebgha and adjacent to them. And not out of excitement and resentment came this cruel scoundrel act. Out of peace of mind, crowds descended on Kiryat Shmuel, which never angered the residents of the Arab neighbors.

    This gang of murderers went up in the suburbs at the beginning of the evening at 9 o'clock and concentrated on one street called D [Dalet] Street and did their cruel acts quietly and peacefully without any disturbance for two hours and after they finished their actions they left the neighborhood not out of panic and persecution. Eyewitnesses, peeking through the crackers of the windows in the dark, saw that they had entered a house that had a kind of restaurant and taken the food out of the refrigerator and ate dinner in peace of mind.

    In the middle of their savage acts they also went out in a "Debke" dance in the middle of the street. And there were also chants of "Allah Akbar" "Alayhum-al-Yehud"! Itbachum."

    These eyewitnesses report that all the work was done on the orders of a commander, who gave his orders in a European language and an Arabic translator translated the orders into the Arab masses in Arabic. Their savage work was done with a few shots and mostly used incendiary bombs. The people who were murdered were also burned, some while alive.

    Among those killed and burned are ten children from three families. Two of them, brother and sister were found held and glued to each other and some burnt. There are many signs that the killers' actions were intentional, knowing in advance that there are mostly elderly Jews on D. Street who are unable to defend themselves ...

    All this is known from eyewitnesses, who peeked out of their windows. On this street there is a house with a man, who has a weapon in the government license, and when the rioters realized, they did not dare to go to this house. Their "heroism" was reduced to elders, women and children, in the court on the main street. Who guarded the place. Wildly they pushed the mother of the three children, who were burned in the basement, into the fire...

    All this is known from eyewitnesses, who peeked out of their windows. On this street there is a house with a man, who has a weapon in the government license, and when the rioters felt they did not dare to go to this house, their "heroism" was reduced to elders, women and children. In the courthouse on the main street, nothing bad happened thanks to the brave defense of two Jewish guards (Jewish Settlement Police) who guarded the place.. Wildly they pushed the mother of the three children, who were burned in the basement, into the fire.

    Monday evening: When we returned from the funeral we found another pile of burning coals in the synagogue that had been destroyed and burned... טבריה. מה שקרה בליל הזוועות, אור ליום ח' תשרי, בטבריה אינו ממאורעות, שאנו רגילים בהם בשלוש שנות האימים העוברות על היישוב היהודי בארץ. אין זה כלל מה שקוראת הממשלה בזמן האחרון "המרד הערבי" אלא פרעות ממש על־ידי כנופיות מרצחים, שבאו והתנפלו על שכונה שוקטת ובוטחת, תושבים וותיקים בפרוור טבריה. וכפי ההוכחות לא היו המתנפלים כנופיות מרצחים מבחוץ, אלא שכני טבריה מהכפרים הסמוכים מצפון ומדרום, כפרי לוביה וטבחה והסמוכים אליהם. ולא מתוך התרגשות והתרגזות באו לידי מעשה נבלה אכזרי זה. מתוך מנוחת הנפש עלו המונים על קרית־שמואל, שמעולם לא הרגיזו תושבי קריה זו את השכנים הערבים. כנופית־מרצחים זו עלתה על הפרוור בראשית הערב בשעה9 והתרכזו ברחוב אחד הנקרא רחוב ד' ועשו את מעשיהם האכזריים בשקט ובמנוחת-הנפש בלא שום הפרעה במשך שעתיים ואחרי שגמרו את מעשיהם עזבו את השכונה לא מתוך בהלה ורדיפה אחריהם. עדי-ראיה, שהציצו דרך סדקי החלונות מתוך חשכה, ראו, שנכנסו לתוך בית שיש בו מעין מסעדה והוציאו את האוכל מתוך המקרר ואכלו סעודת-הערב במנוחת־הנפש. באמצע מעשיהם הפראיים יצאו גם בריקוד "דבקה" באמצע הרחוב. והיו גם קריאות "אלה אכבר" "עליהום־ על יהוד‭"!‬ םוחבטא !‭. "‬ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ עדי־ראיה־אלה מוסרים, שכל העבודה נעשתה מתוך פקודות של מפקד, שנתן את פקודותיו בשפה אירופית ותורגמן ערבי תירגם את הפקודות להמון הערבי בערבית. עבודתם הפראית נעשתה ביריות מועטות ובעיקר השתמשו בפצצות הצתה. גם את האנשים שרצחו שרפו אותם, מהם חיים. בין הנהרגים והנשרפים נמצאים עשרה ילדים משלוש משפחות. שנים מהם, אח ואחות נמצאו אחוזים ודבוקים זה בזה ובחלקם שרופים. יש הרבה סימנים שמעשי המרצחים היו מכוונים בידיעה מראש שברחוב ד' יושבים בעיקר יהודים קשישים שאין ביכולתם להתגונן... כל זה ידוע מפי עדי־ראיה, שהציצו מחלונותיהם. ברחוב זה יש בית שנמצא בו אדם, שברשיון הממשלה יש לו נשק, וכשהפורעים הרגישו בדבר לא העיזו לגשת לבית הזה, "גבורתם" הצטמצמה בזקנים, נשים וילדים, בבית־המשפט הנמצא ברחוב הראשי לא אונה כל רע הודות להגנה אמיצה של שני גפירים יהודים ששמרו על המקום. בפראות דחפו את אמם של שלושת הילדים, שנשרפו במרתף, לתוך המדורה. ביום שני לפנות ערב :כשחזרנו מהלוויה עוד מצאנו ערמת גחלים בוערות בבית־הכנסת שנחרב ונשרף‭...‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

  128. Yeme ha-kalaniyot: Erets Yisrael bi-tekufat ha-Mandat by Segev, Tom. Keter, 1999, p. 336. [12]
  129. ha-Arets - הארץ, 6 January 1939.
    Nazi propaganda in [Palestine] E.Y. Propaganda centers in the Near East, Cairo and Baghdad. - Who is behind the terrorists - The Tiberias massacre was prepared by the Nazis.
    התעמולה הנאצית... מרכזי התעמולה במזרח הקרוב, קהיר ובגדאד. — מי עומד מאחורי הטרוריסטים — טבח טבריה הוכן על ידי נאצים
  130. Tiberias night - the massacre that was forgotten Cafe The Marker, Apr 22, 2015.
  131. The Australian Jewish News, 27 December 1940 — Axis Attempt to Incite Arabs Against Britain and Jews
  132. The Reform Advocate, 1 November 1940 — Broadcasts Appeal To Arabs
  133. The Sentinel, 29 January 1942 —U. S. A. Counteracts Jap Talks to Arabs.
    Boston, Jan. 25 (JPS )—To counteract Japanese and other Axis propaganda to the Arabs... Fuad Mufarij has been assigned the announcer's job of telling the news from the side of truth...
  134. B'nai B'rith Messenger, 30 January 1942.
    U. S. PROPAGANDIZE ARABS
  135. 135.0 135.1 135.2 135.3 W. G. Schwanitz, "Photographic Evidence Shows Palestinian Leader Amin al-Husseini at a Nazi Concentration Camp, Tablet Magazine, April 7, 2021.
  136. Gesher. Israel: ha-Hanhalah ha-Yiśreʼelit shel ha-Ḳongres ha-Yehudi ha-ʻolami, 1986. Vols. 32-33. 18.

    From the way of nature came the struggle for the Land of Israel and instilled a great deal of venom and power in all those elements of Islam that were hostile to Jews and Judaism. Although it is quite clear that these foundations intensified in the Middle East for many years before the establishment of the State of Israel. The status of the Jewish minorities in the Arab world, as well as the status of Christians and non-Arab groups, became increasingly intolerable (and unrelated to Zionism) in the face of pan-Arabism, unique nationalism, overt anti-Semitism, and the resurgence of Muslim fanaticism. All these trends, which have omitted the ground beneath the feet of the old Jewish communities in Arab countries, drew their power out of a common disgrace to the West and its emancipatory heritage. For it was not Islam but the hated colonialists who granted equal rights to the Jewish and Christian minorities in the Middle East. Against this background it is easy to understand why there was Nazism (and especially its anti-Jewish elements) to arouse such enthusiasm and admiration among the Arabs in the 1930s and 1940s. The words written by Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem and the leader of the Arabs of Israel, to Adolf Hitler on January 20, 1941, did not in any way contradict the general tone of the Arab nationalism of the period. "Arab nationalism owes Your Excellency a debt of gratitude and of recognition for having repeatedly [again and again] brought up in ringing speeches the 'question of Palestine.'"

    In fact, the "question of Palestine" was intended only a marginal place in Hitler's policy and German policy until the outbreak of the war, although the Mufti did not err in seeing Hitler and German leaders as 'anti-Zionists', as opposed to the Stalinist, Trotskyist and leftist fabrications.

    Gesher. Israel: ha-Hanhalah ha-Yiśreʼelit shel ha-Ḳongres ha-Yehudi ha-ʻolami, 1986. Vols. 32-33. pp. 17-18.

    אף-על-פי שהאנטישמיות הסוביטית לא הגיעה מעולם לאותה רמה של אידיאולוגיה טוטלית או אותה דינמיקה אסקטולוגית שאיפיינה את האידיאולוגיה של היטלר, אי אפשר להגזים בחומרת התוצאות שיש למורשה רוסית ... אבל לעומת זאת אנו מוצאים בעולם הנוצרי של ימינו הוקרה ליהודים, התפעלות ורצון לכפר על הרדיפות של העבר - דבר הנעדר מן האיסלם כמעט לגמרי, אף שזה האחרון רשם לחובתו רשימה ארוכה של פוגרומים ביהודים ושל אפליה חוקית ממוסדת. מדרך הטבע בא המאבק על ארץ- ישראל והחדיר מידה גדושה של ארס ועוצמה בכול אותם יסודות של האיסלם שהיו עויינים ליהודים וליהדות. אם כי ברור לחלוטין שיסודות אלה הלכו והתעצמו במזרח התיכון כבר שנים רבות בטרם קמה מדינת ישראל. מעמדם של המיעוטים היהודיים בעולם הערבי - כמוהו כמעמדם של הנוצרים ושל קבוצות לא־ערביות נעשה לא נסבל יותר ויותר (ובלי שום קשר לציונות) נוכח הפאן-ערביות, הלאומנות הייחודית, האנטישמיות הגלויה ותחייתה של הפנטיות המוסלמית. כול המגמות הללו, שהשמיטו את הקרקע מתחת לרגליהן של הקהילות היהודיות הוותיקות בארצות ערב, משכו את כוחן מתוך משטמה משותפת למערב ולמורשתו האמנציפטורית. שכן, לא האיסלם אלא הקולוניאליסטים השנואים הם שהעניקו שווי זכויות למיעוטים היהודיים והנוצריים במזרח התיכון. על רקע זה נקל להבין מדוע היה בנאציזם (ובמיוחד במרכיביו האנטי-יהודיים) כדי לעורר התפעלות והערצה כה נלהבת בקרב הערבים בשנות השלושים והארבעים. הדברים שכתב חאג' אמין אל חוסייני, המופתי של ירושלים ומנהיג ערביי ארץ-ישראל, לאדולף היטלר ב־20 בינואר 1941, לא עמדו בשום פנים בסתירה לטוֹן הכללי של הלאומנות הערבית של התקופה. "הנאציונליזם הערבי חייב להוד מעלתך חוב של הכרת טובה ושל הוקרה על שהעלית שוב ושוב בקול מהדהד את שאלת פלסטין'." למען האמת, ל'שאלת פלסטין' נועד רק מקום שולי במדיניותו של היטלר ובמדיניות הגרמנית עד פרוץ המלחמה, אף־על־פי שהמופתי לא שגה כשראה את היטלר ואת המנהיגים הגרמנים כ'אנטי־ציונים', בניגוד לפבריקציות הסטאליניסטיות, הטרוצקיסטיות והשמאלניות של ימינו.

  137. American Christian Palestine Committee, "The Arab War Effort: A Documented Account," 1946, p. 37
  138. Esco Foundation for Palestine, inc, "Palestine: A Study of Jewish, Arab, and British Policies", 1947, p. 978. [13][14]
  139. The British Record on Partition as Revealed by British Military Intelligence and Other Official Sources. United States: Author, 1948. p. 47
  140. R. Melka (1969) Nazi Germany and the Palestine question, Middle Eastern Studies, 5:3, 221-233, DOI: 10.1080/00263206908700130 [15]
  141. 141.0 141.1 Peter Beaumont, "Ken Livingstone muddies history to support claims on Hitler and Zionism The Guardian, May 1, 2016.
    Former London mayor confuses agency with intention, with fatal consequences for his garbled argument.
    The interest of some in the Zionist movement was to flee the rampant and increasingly dangerous antisemitism of the National Socialists, but the German interest in the Haavara agreement was both fear that the Jewish boycott of Germany might have wider economic effects - ultimately a misplaced anxiety - and a desire to push German Jews to flee.

    The Haavara agreement was designed to encourage the emigration of Jews from Germany in line with National Socialist policies, but it did not have in mind the foundation of a Jewish state in Palestine, a key tenet of Zionism.

    Indeed, by late 1937 an anti-Nazi German official involved in administering the agreement suggested that fear in Nazi circles that it might lead to a Jewish state, to which Hitler was implacably opposed, was leading to suggestions "it should be terminated." Fatally for his garbled argument, in the final analysis Livingstone confuses agency and intention. Hitler wanted neither Jews in Germany nor in their own state. The Nazi vision was for the Jews to be removed from any kind of political influence. He facilitated some emigration in pursuit of a policy of ethnic cleansing to "concentrate" German Jews elsewhere.

    None of which amounts "to Hitler’s support for Zionism”, no matter how complex the history.

    As the Haaretz columnist Anshel Pfeffer summed up Livingstone’s three days of interventions: "His historical version of the Holocaust was only slightly more bizarre than his contention that someone who only hates Jews living in Israel – but not outside it – cannot be considered an anti-Semite."
  142. Ken Livingstone and the myth of Zionist ‘collaboration’. by Paul Bogdanor, Spring/2017.

    ... It is hard to know where to begin when refuting such a tissue of falsehoods. Hitler’s policy was never to send ‘all’ of Germany’s Jews to ‘Israel’ (i.e., Palestine under the British Mandate) but to terrorise them into leaving the Reich, irrespective of the destination. The negotiations between the Labour Zionists and Hitler’s government were not private, but were fiercely debated within the Zionist movement. The purpose of the Ha’avara or Transfer Agreement was not ‘to sell Nazi goods,’ but to rescue German Jews and to preserve a fraction of their property from being stolen by the Nazi regime. The boycott of Germany was not just ‘organised by trade unionists and communists,’ but was championed by Jews in the free world, including many Zionists. And so on.

    This is not to defend the Transfer Agreement. It is legitimate to argue that negotiating with the Third Reich was a mistake, and that it would have been better to maintain the boycott. But German Jews snatched from the claws of Nazism could hardly have been expected to agree. The Zionist movement undoubtedly saved scores of thousands of lives during the years before the Holocaust. According to Francis Nicosia, the Raul Hilberg Distinguished Professor of Holocaust Studies at the University of Vermont, ‘The approximately 80,000 German, Austrian, and Czech Jews who were able to immigrate legally and illegally to Palestine between 1933 and 1941 represent 80,000 potential victims of the Nazi genocide who were saved.’ (Nicosia, 2008: 288) This is a major embarrassment to anti-Zionist ideologues, which is another reason for their aspersions on Zionist motives and their manufactured charges of ‘collaboration.’

    Livingstone himself recently claimed that he had never meant to condemn the Labour Zionists for the arrangement with Germany. ‘I neither criticised the transfer agreement or [sic] the section of Zionism that participated in the agreement,’ he wrote in his submission to the Labour Party inquiry (Livingstone, 2017a: 11). This would be a strange position to take if he really did see something sinister or ‘collaborationist’ in this Zionist policy...

    Poale Zion was a movement advocating Zionism and socialism. Livingstone is claiming that Nazi Germany ‘supported’ Jews who were not only Zionists but also socialists.

    In 1933, during the first months after Hitler’s takeover, Nazi policy on the ‘Jewish Question’ was in flux. The Zionist Federation of Germany asked Kurt Tuchler to identify moderate Nazi officials and win them over. Tuchler contacted SS official Baron Leopold von Mildenstein and accompanied him to Palestine. Von Mildenstein wrote a 12-part series about the trip for the Goebbels newspaper Der Angriff, which ran the series from September 26 to October 9, 1934 (Boas, 1980).

    To commemorate von Mildenstein’s articles, Der Angriff struck a coin-shaped medal with a swastika on one side and a Star of David on the other. The inscription on the medal read: ‘Ein Nazi fährt nach Palästina und erzählt davon im Angriff’ (‘A Nazi travels to Palestine and tells about it in Angriff’). (Boas, 1980: 38)

    The medal was pure propaganda, created by the Nazis to pretend that they wanted an ‘honourable’ solution to the ‘Jewish Question’ and that Jews were their equal partners in finding such a solution. In citing this medal as proof of ‘collaboration,’ Livingstone is giving credence to a propaganda ruse by Goebbels...

    The SS did not set up the training camps for German Jews. Livingstone is referring to the hachschara farms, which Zionists set up even before Hitler’s takeover in order to retrain German Jews for life in Palestine. A thorough study of the hachschara farms has been made by Francis Nicosia (Nicosia, 2005; Nicosia, 2008). Nicosia makes it clear that Zionist and non-Zionist Jews alike, realising the urgency of extricating as many Jews as possible from Nazi Germany, used occupational retraining centres to prepare Jews for a new life abroad. The Zionist centres prepared Jews for Palestine; the non-Zionist centres prepared Jews for other destinations (Nicosia, 2005: 368; Nicosia, 2008: 211, 221, 225-6, 242).

    Occupational retraining won the support of the SS in the 1930s, but Nicosia records how the centres were strictly monitored and regulated: ‘Nazi authorities also imposed specific rules that prohibited singing, whistling, smoking, and any undue noise in work areas; mandated absolute cleanliness in washrooms and in toilets; and prohibited unauthorized visits from friends and relatives. The rules required strict work schedules and provided for breaks, vacation times, and the promise of harsh punishment, including expulsion from the program, for breaking the rules.’ (Nicosia, 2008: 229)

    When the war began, ‘the regime used Jewish trainees to help meet its labor shortage by folding the occupational retraining programs and the young Jews engaged in them into its forced labor programs.’ (Nicosia, 2005: 382) Finally, ‘As emigration faded from Nazi policy and gave way to genocide, untold thousands of Jewish workers, including those from the Zionist Hachschara programs, would become part of Nazi Germany’s wartime “labor force” prior to their mass murder.’ (Nicosia, 2008: 244)

    In short, Livingstone’s claim that ‘the SS set up training camps’ for German Jews is a fabrication. It was Jews, not the SS, who founded the vocational retraining centres for those hoping to emigrate...
  143. Yoav Karni, The Zionists and the Devil - So what did Hitler really think of the Jewish state?, Globes, May 5, 2016.
    Antisemitism

    He hated the Zionists, and thought their country was meant to be a refuge for crooks and thieves...

    Livingstone, that he came across an unequivocal reference some 30 years ago in the book by a Trotskyist.. historian,...

    Nazi Germany did make a deal with the Zionist movement to encourage Jewish immigration. The Zionists did agree to the partial transfer of Jewish property from Germany to Mandatory Palestine through the purchase of German goods. So what. Should the Zionists apologize for succeeding in rescuing several tens of thousands of Jews from the gas chambers?

    The question of whether Hitler was a "Zionist" is, of course, fundamentally stupid. All you have to do is read 'Mein Kampf' to know what he thought of the grades. They disgusted him when he encountered them, or their opinions, in early 20th-century Vienna. In his view, the Jewish state they envisioned was intended only to grant sovereignty to their multi-continental conspiracy. It is not a state that interests them, but a territorial base, where all Jewish [sic] criminals, [sic] swindlers and thieves can hide from the terror of the law.

    The only immigration solutions he was willing to consider in the future were the repulsion of the Jews beyond the Ural Mountains, to Siberia and to the Russian Far East; Or sent to Madagascar, to set up for them a huge concentration camp under the close supervision of the SS. But both solutions would require a huge-scale logistical effort, incompatible with war needs. First the European side of Russia had to be conquered, or the US and British war fleets eliminated. Wholesale destruction 500 km from Berlin was much more practical.

    We do not know in what Nazi minds the idea of extermination drilled years before Auschwitz. Hitler alluded to it even before "Mein Kampf", when he described the Jews as a "problem of public health".
  144. Wannsee Conference and the "Final Solution", ‘’Holocaust Encyclopedia’’.
    The SS and police had already negotiated agreements with the German Army High Command on the murder of civilians, including Soviet Jews, in the spring of 1941, prior to the invasion of the Soviet Union. In late September 1941, Hitler had authorized the Reich Railroads to transport German, Austrian, and Czech Jews to locations in German-occupied Poland and the German-occupied Soviet Union, where German authorities would kill the overwhelming majority of them...
  145. The Sentinel, 22 August 1957 —GERMAN DOCUMENT REVEALS DETAILS OF ARAB COLLABORATION.
    By Milton Friedman, Chief J. T. A. Washington Bureau.
  146. Avishay, Shaul. Propaganda in the Underground (Jerusalem: Reuven Mess, 2008), p. 132.
    תעמולה במחתרת (ירושלים : ראובן מס, תשס"ט 2008) עמ' 132.

    בעיראק הושיטו שליטיה עזרה גלויה לערביי ארץ ישראל בתמיכתם בגרמנים. ביפו, בשכם ובטול-כארם היו התכנסויות רבות משתתפים עם סוכנים ערבים ואיטלקים, שארגנו את הצעירים לקריאות הידד: 'ויווה איטליה ! ויווה דוצ'ה! והייל היטלר!' בכרוז שהפיצו בחתימת היטלר, קראו לקהלם להלחם באנגלים.

    בעכו, התארגנו בתאים צבאיים קורסים למדריכים. על יד משמר הירדן נתפס ב-19 מאי 1940 ערבי, כשבידו מכתב וסכום כסף ניכר שנועד לממלא מקום מפקד המרד הערבי במזרח הקרוב, שנדרש להתחיל בפעולות טרור. את היטלר כינו בשם הקונספירטיבי - אבו עלי. בבגדאד התכנסו מנהיגים ערבים ודנו בשאלת הפרעות ביהודי ארץ ישראל, לפי הוראות סוכנים גרמנים. בתמורה הבטיחה גרמניה לערבים, גרוש היהודים ומדינה עצמאית . המופתי הירושלמי, חאג' אמין אל-חוסייני, שעבר לסוריה דרש לבצע פעולות טרור מיד. סובחי זיבן ואחיו רוסטור זיבן מטירה, נתמנו לנהל במחוז חיפה את פעולות הכנופיות הערביות. אבו עלי, ראש שבט ערב אל והב, השוכן בין ראש פינה ויסוד המעלה קיבל עליו את תפקיד ניהול הגייס החמישי בארץ ישראל.

    סעיד שקיד, מראשי הכנופיות, חזר לארץ ישראל . בכרוז שהפיץ ברמאללה הזהיר את הבריטים, כי ילחם לצד אדולף היטלר ובניטו מוסוליני (הוא נתפש לאחר קרב יריות בביתוניה). רוב אנשי הכנופיות שברחו לעיראק, לאחר מאורעות 1939-1936, שבו לסוריה להכנת הפרעות בארץ ישראל.

  147. The Sentinel, June 5, 1941, p. 27. 'Nazi Gun-Running To Arabs Endanger Unarmed Jews on Palestine Soil.'

    Ankara, June 1 (WNS) - The 550,000 Jews in Palestine must be armed immediately to remove the threat of anti-Jewish and anti-British uprisings in Palestine by insurgent Arab bands, equipped with machine guns and rifles by Nazi agents, it was reported here. Reports spread here that Axis agents stationed in Syria and Iraq have been smuggling large quantities of weapons and ammunition to renegade Arab tribes in the desert and mountains of Palestine. The intensive anti-Jewish propaganda campaign conducted by the Nazis is becoming increasingly effective among certain sections of the Arab population, these reports said, and guns now furnished to the Jewish community may soon mean the difference between life and death. Nazi planes, taking off from air-fields in Iraq, have dropped leaflets on Palestine telling the Arabs that the time has come for the "holy war" against the British and Jews, and urging Arabs to take up arms immediately against their British and Jewish oppressors. The Nazis are still getting guns to the Arabs in Palestine, it was reported, despite the precautions taken by the British and the recent seizure by British patrols of several camel caravans loaded down with munitions. A number of secret munitions stores in the desert have been recently discovered. Military quarters here estimated that the Jewish home defense units in Palestine must be given at least fifty thousand rifles and ammunition, machine guns and hand grenades, in order to be in a position to beat back possible Arab and Nazi attacks. Particular stress was laid on the necessity of affording adequate protection to Jews in the smaller communities.

    Given the necessary arms and ammunition the Jewish communities of Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa would be able to protect themselves from Arab uprisings.
  148. ha-Arets – הארץ, 23 November 1942.
    Jerusalem notebook.

    Gershon Swett [Swet]

    A new association is currently being established in Jerusalem, with the main goal, to preserve the ancient monuments within and around the city. Initiator of the Association — A young student of the Department of Archeology at the Hebrew University, b. Kennel. For the time being, several Jerusalem public activists and some scholars have joined the association. Accompanied by Mr. K. These days I toured around the Old City, in the Kidron Valley, Yad Avshalom [Absalom's Tomb], Zechariah's Tomb, Beit Hezir tombs, the City of David and more. . . Here: Jehoshaphat Cave, with 8 halls. On its walls I found several swastikas, which visitors from our enemy camp engraved here ... פנקס ירושלמי גרשון סוואט בימים אלה נוסדה בירושלים אגודה חדשה, שמטרתה העיקרית. היא לשמור על המונומאנטים העתיקים בתוך העיר ובסביבתה. יוזם האגודה—צעיר, תלמיד המחלקה לארכיאולוגיה של האוניברסיטה העברית, ב. קנל. לפי שעה הצטרפו אל האגודה כמה עסקני־צבור ירושלמיים וגם כמה מלומדים. בלווית מר ק. סיירתי בימים אלה בסביבת עיר העתיקה, בנחל קדרון, על־יד אבשלום, קבר זכריה, קברי בית חזיר, בעיר דוד ועוד. . . הנה: מערת יהושפט, ובה 8 אולמים. על קירותיה מצאתי כמה וכמה צלבי קרס, שמבקרים ממחנה שונאינו חרתו כאן...

    HaMashkif – המשקיף, 26 November 1942

    במספריים על פני העתונות חילול זכרונות־העבר! מר ג. סווט, שסייר בימים אלה בעיר העתיקה ובסביבתה פרסם ב"הארץ" מיום ב' רשימה רבת־ענין על ההזנחה הפושעת של עתיקות־ירושלים ועל יחס הזלזול אליהן. הננו מעתיקים רשימה זו בהשמטות קלות: ...הנה מערת יהושפט ובה 8 אולמים. על קירותיה מצאתי כמה וכמה צלבי קרס, שמבקרים ממחנה שונאינו חרתו כאן...

    With scissors Across the press Desecration of past memories! Mr. G. Swett, who is currently touring the Old City and its surroundings, published in Haaretz from Monday a very interesting list about the nefarious neglect of Jerusalem antiquities and the treatment of contempt for them. We copy this list with slight omissions:

    ... Here is the Cave of Jehoshaphat with 8 halls. On its walls I found several swastikas, which visitors from our enemy camp engraved here...
  149. The American Jewish World, 15 August 1941 — Nazi Campaign on Russ Same as Jewish Attack
  150. Operation Barbarossa, ‘’Holocaust Encyclopedia’’.
    June 22, 1941.

    Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in "Operation Barbarossa."

    In accordance with previous agreements between SS and police and Wehrmacht representatives, German mobile units of Security Police and SD officials, called Einsatzgruppen, followed the frontline troops into the Soviet Union. RSHA chief Heydrich had tasked the Einsatzgruppen commanders with identifying, concentrating, and killing Jews, Soviet officials and other persons deemed potentially hostile to German rule in the east. Einsatzgruppen squads began to carry out mass shootings during the last week of June 1941.
  151. 151.0 151.1 Prof. Dina Porat, Setting the Record Straight, Yad Vashem, 21 October 2015
  152. 152.0 152.1 Allan Hall, "'Hitler's holocaust plan for Jews in Palestine stopped by Desert Rats', The Independent, April 1, 2009.
  153. 153.0 153.1 Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Volume 107, Part 24, United States Congress 1961, p.5735.
    Warmongering in the U.N. Extension of Remarks Of Hon. Lester Holtzman Of New York. In the House of Representatives. Wednesday, July 26, 1961... Shukairy joined the Arab Higher Committee which was also headed by the ex Mufti. Shukairy got his start in politics in the early 1930s when he belonged to a group of fanatical extremists led by the ex-Mufti. This gang cooperated with the Communists and prior to the Hitler-Stalin Pact sought in every possible way to sabotage the Allied war effort against the Nazis in the Middle East. However, when Soviet Russia joined the Allies, Shukairy's group split with the Communists, and went all out for Hitler.
  154. Ahora, Issue 95; Issue 101; Issue 119; Issue 124; Issue 133; Issue 136; Issue 143; Issue 162; Issue 186 - Publicaciones !Ahora!, 1965 - p.9

    'La guerra o la paz en el Medio Este puede depender en gran parte de éstos dos árabes: El Presidente Nasser, de la República Árabe Unida, y de Ahmad Shukairy, quien no encabeza a ningún país pero... dirigir a una fuerza de guerilla... Shukairy cooperó con el Partido Comunista de Palestina, dirigido por Moscú antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Sin embargo, después que Hitler atacó a Rusia y a los comunistas en todo el mundo cambió posiciones, el feroz e impredeclble Shukairy se alineo con Hitler por sus programas contra los judios.' [Translated: War or peace in the Middle East may depend largely on these two Arabs: President Nasser of the United Arab Republic and Ahmad Shukairy, who does not lead any country but... (can) lead a guerilla force...

    Shukairy cooperated with the Palestinian Communist Party, led by Moscow ahead of the Second World War. However, after Hitler attacked Russia and communists around the world changed positions, the fierce and unpredictable Shukairy aligned himself with Hitler for his anti-Jewish programs.
  155. "Muslim Anti-Semitism: Historical Background." Breitman, Richard. Current Psychology: Research and Reviews; New York Vol. 26, Iss. 3-4, (Dec 2007): 213-222. DOI:10.1007/s12144-007-9015-5 [16]
  156. 156.0 156.1 156.2 Shelomo Alfassa, "Nazi Hatred Survives in the Arab World", INN, March 4, 2007.
    The Nazi influence in Arab reaction to Israel.

    The virulent hatred that resonates today throughout the modern world, that ever-agonizing disgust felt for the Jewish people, is not an old-time Arab feeling toward the Jews. This hatred is a result of the Nazi influence, which never died. Although the Allies destroyed the Third Reich, what has lived on is the Nazi spirit. This spirit of hatred festered through the relationship between Amin Al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, and Hitler.

    The Mufti's radio broadcasts were some of the most violent pro-Axis broadcasts ever produced. He had at least six stations - Berlin, Zeissen, Bari, Rome, Tokyo and Athens. He used these radio broadcasts to tell Muslims across the world to commit acts of sabotage and kill the Jews.
  157. Küntzel, "Islamic Antisemitism," 46; Stephen H. Norwood, "Antisemitism and the American Far Left," (Cambridge University Press, 2013), p.121.
  158. Hadassah Brenner, Grand Mufti, leaders in photo with Nazi officials at concentration camp, JPost, Apr 8, 2021
  159. Chen Malul, [https://blog.nli.org.il/en/himmler_/ Revealed: SS Chief Heinrich Himmler’s Warm Wishes to Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini], The Librarians, 06.11.2017
  160. Letter written to Grand Mufti from Himmler uncovered, YNet, 03.30.17.

    The document in question is a letter of praise sent by head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, to Palestinian leader Amin al-Husseini in the autumn of 1943 at the height of the extermination of Jews in Europe.

    The archives of the National Library of Israel have revealed another document that attests to a connection between Nazi Germany and Mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini.
  161. 161.0 161.1 Free World. United States: Free World, Incorporated, 1942. 221.

    Arab Alignments [in the Near East by Emanuel Neuman]
    The assassination of Fakri Nashashibi ...their complicity in the Iraq uprising, among them such well-known figures as Musa el Alami, Amin Tamini, and others... the inability of the English to protect their friends... Out of a population of a Million and a half, over five hundred thousands are Jews, chiefly of European origin and wholeheartedly dedicated to the democratic cause. The notorious Mufti Haj Amin el-Husseini, was in exile and the power of his terrorists followers had been broken.

    Arch conspirator, now an honorary member of the Nazi party, still has his network of agents and associates -- a dangerous Fifth Column -- who eagerly await his messages from abroad and secretly hope and work for "the day" when they may join hands openly with the Axis powers and be reunited with their own fuehrer-in-exile.
  162. 162.0 162.1 Said, Edward, "A Profile...", 1983, p. 7
  163. 163.0 163.1 A. Dershowitz, 'Ahmadinejad Holocaust's Myths,' HuffPost, Oct 1, 2007
  164. 164.0 164.1 Mati David, "What is the source of Palestinian hatred towards us?"
    Is the occupation? Are the settlements? Is the Nakba from 48? And perhaps especially the very Jewish presence in the country? News1, October 21, 2015.

    The renowned scholar, Prof. Edward Said, wrote: "In the Mufti's call for the extermination of the Jewish people, he represented the consensus of the Palestinian Arabs and served as the mouthpiece of the people. The Mufti's political successor was PLO leader Yasser Arafat" ...

    In Palestinian schools, children are taught to hate Jews not because of the lack of a "political horizon." In mosques, clergy preach to hate and murder Jews not because of the lack of a "political process." Palestinian television and radio are inciting the murder of Jews not because of a "political stalemate."

    The calls for the murder and extermination of the Jews are a permanent matter in the propaganda of jihad. The Palestinian leadership of both Hamas and the PA are partners in spreading hatred against Jews. All those young people who go out to stab with occasional Jewish knives do so because of the fanatical hatred and not because of the checkpoints. Palestinian boys who try to murder Jews their age do so out of hatred of Jews and not because there is a lack of budgets for schools in the West Bank.

    Hatred, knife and murder of Jews is the hallmark of Palestinian and Muslim "culture." Palestinian hatred of Jews has its roots in the Muslim religion and Nazi ideology.
  165. Kehoe, T. J., & Greenhalgh, E. M. (2017). Living Propaganda and Self-Serving Recruitment: The Nazi Rationale for the German-Arab Training Unit, May 1941 to May 1943. War in History, 24(4), 520–543. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26393389
  166. 166.0 166.1 A. Disenchik, 'Night at Shukeiri's Home in Acre', Maariv, Friday, October 21, 1949, pp. 2,11.

    In these two pictures lies the history of this house - said the Arab. The old man is the head of the family, Assad Shukieri Bey, and the other is his youngest son, the doctor Dr. Anwar, who was murdered by the gangs in 1938 [1939], in the Acre market, for -- according to the gangs, not only Nashashibi but also a friend of the Jews and therefore -- a traitor. "...

    The sheikh took for a woman one of the beautiful and rich from Turkey, and on his return to Acre he took another wife, an Arab, from Acre. The Turk gave birth to four children: Dr. Anwar Shukeiri, who was murdered, the eldest son and two daughters, who are now in exile in Lebanon. The Arab woman brought him one son, he is the attorney Ahmad Shukeiri. The old sheikh and his descendants from the Turkish woman were among the "moderate Arabs", collaborated with Raghib Bey Nashashibi and King Abdullah and even preached for agreement with the Jews. The son Ahmad of the Arab woman, however, joined the Mufti and Jamal Husseini camp, and later served for two years as head of the Arab bureau in Washington, D.C., ever since the Shukeiri peace was disturbed, and the two camps did not talk to each other and became real enemies.

    Mutual hatred reached its peak when the youngest member of the family, Dr. Anwar Shukeiri, was murdered in the Acre market by two gangs of gang emissaries. He was on his way home from a hospital visit when he was shot and killed on the spot. The two murderers were apprehended and at trial confessed that they had been sent by the Mufti to murder the young Shukeiri.

    Further investigation revealed that the hand of his brother, Ahmad Shukeiri, was involved in the murder of Dr. Anwar Shukeiri. The murdered man was brought for burial in the city's Moslem cemetery. But those responsible for the murder did not have enough, even after the murderers were sentenced to death and hanged in Acre prison.

    One day it was reported to the old sheikh, who could not recover from the blow inflicted with the murder of his beloved son, that the members of the Mufti gang were plotting to abuse his son's grave the next night: they would take him out of his grave, abuse his body and scatter his bones. You have no harder insult than that. When darkness came, the old man, his family, his servants and a friend went down to the cemetery, took out the body of Dr. Anwar Shukeiri and reburied him in the garden of his house.

    My interlocutor, from the Shukeiri family, even took the trouble the next morning to bring me to the garden, and showed me the tomb surrounded by plants and flowers. "Here we also buried the old sheikh, who died less than a year after the death of his beloved son, because he could not bear the grief"...

    Ahmed Shukeiri fled to Cairo and there re-entered the "politics" circle. Was on the Mufti's mission here and there ...

    אריה דיסנצ'יק, 'לילה בבית שוקיירי בעכו' , מעריב, יום ו' כ"ח תשרי תש"י, 21 באוקטובר 1949

    "...בשתי תמונות אלו טמונה ההיסטוריה של הבית הזה - אמר הערבי. הזקן הוא ראש המשפחה, השייך עסד שוקיירי ביי, והשני הוא בנו הצעיר, הרופא ד"ר אנוור שוקיירי, שנרצח בידי הכנופיות בשנת 1938 [1939], בשוק עכו, על -- היותו לדברי הכנופיות, לא רק איש נאשאשיבי, אלא גם ידיד היהודים ולכן -- בוגד." ...

    השייך לקח לאשה אחת מבנות תורכיה היפות והעשירות, ושובו לעכו לקח לו אשה שנייה, ערבייה, מבנות עכו. התורכי ילדה ארבעה ילדים: ד"ר אנוור שוקיירי, שנרצח, הבן הבכור ושתי בנות, הנמצאים עכשיו בגלות לבנון. האשה הערבייה הביאה לו בן אחד, הוא עוה"ד אחמד שוקיירי. השייך הזקן וצאצאיו מאשה בתורכיה נמנו על ה"ערבים המתונים", שיתפו פעולה עם ראגב ביי נאשאשיבי ועם המלך עבדאללה ואף הטיפו להסכם עם היהודים. אולם הבן אחמד מהאשה הערביה, הצטרף למחנה המופתי וג'ימאל חוסייני, ואחר כך שימש במשך שנתיים ראש הלשכה הערבית בוואשינגטון, מאז הושבת השלום בבית שוקיירי, ובני שני המחנות לא דיברו איש עם רעהו והיו לאויבים ממש.

    השנאה ההדדית הגיעה לשיאה עת נרצח צעיר המשפחה, הד"ר אנוור שוקיירי, בשוק עכו ע"י שני פלחים שליחי הכנופיות. הוא היה בדרכו הביתה מביקור חולים כשנורה ונהרג במקום. שני הרוצחים נתפסו ובעת המשפט הודו, כי נשלחו בידי המופתי לרצוח את שוקיירי הצעיר.

    חקירה נוספת העלתה, כי יד אחיו, אחמד שוקיירי, ברצח הד"ר אנוור שוקיירי. הנרצח הובא לקבורות בבית הקברות המושלימי בעיר. אך האחראים לרצח לא אמרו די. מה גם לאחר שהרוצחים נידונו למוות וניתלו בכלא עכו.

    יום אחד נמסר לשייך הזקן, שלא יכול היה להתאושש מהמכה שהוכה עם הרצח בנו-אהובו, כי אנשי כנופיות המופתי זוממים להתעלל בקבר בנו עוד בלילה הסמוך: הם יוציאוהו מקברו, ויתעללו בגופתו ויפזרו עצמותיו לכל רוח. אין לך עלבון קשה מזה. עם בוא החשכה ירדו השייך הזקן, בני ביתו, משרתיו וחבר ידידים לבית הקברות, הוציאו את גופת ד"ר אנוור שוקיירי וקברוהו מחדש בגן ביתו.

    איש שיחי, ממשפחת שוקיירי, אף טרח למחרת בבוקר, להביאני לגן, והראה לי את הקבר מוקף צמחים ופרחים. "כאן קברנו גם את השייך הזקן, שמת פחות משנה אחרי מות בנו-אהובו, כי לא יכול היה לשאת בצער"...

    אחמד שוקיירי נמלט לקאהיר ושם נכנס שוב למעגל ה"פוליטיקה". היה בשליחות המופתי פה ושם...

  167. Palestine, Vols.1-5. The Council, 1943, p.2; (Palestine - Volumes 1-5 - Page v) Vol.2, No. 9, 10. [17].
    November-December, 1945

    [...] Seeing that all those pogromists, rebels and Axis agents are now allowed to sit on the Arab Higher Committee, that one of them, Mr. Shukeiri, who fled from Palestine with the Mufti, represents the Arab League in Washington, that all of them are treated with the greatest respect and reverence by the leaders of the democratic world, one must feel that the last six years were a dream, a very bad dream which has not yet ended.

    The Husseinis, the family of the Jerusalem ex-Mufti, have overpowered the Nashashibis and the more moderate elements among the Arab notables.

    In the process of forcing the moderates to their knees, a few of the latter were killed by the Mufti's bandits, others were intimidated, and thus "unity" among the Arabs of Palestine was achieved and widely proclaimed. The ruling families have made a deal between them, and the masses of the people will be ordered to abide by that deal or intimidated into doing so...
  168. 168.0 168.1 B. Lerner, “Behind the British Conspiracy," B'nai B'rith Messenger, 12 July 1946, p.6.
    I met Achmed Shukeiri, chief of the Arab Office, who reiterated in his conversation the words of Goebbels justified the murder of six million Jews of Europe "because Hitler could not have been all wrong," and warned that his side was ready to "play along with Moscow." They always play along, the Husseini-Shukeiri mob. Outside the Young Men's Christian Association building in Jerusalem, where the hearings of the Anglo-American Inquiry Committee were being held at the time, I met Jamal el Husseini; he issued the same warning as Shukeiri (he being Shukeiri's chief) of playing along with Moscow, and reiterated his justification of the mass murder of six million Jews "for Hitler couldn't be all wrong... you have got to see both sides of a question, my man, both sides of a question..." Jamal Husseini saw both sides so well that he joined in igniting, at a time most critical for the Allies, the Iraq coup d'etat to gauleiter the Middle East for Hitler...
  169. 169.0 169.1 ha-Arets - הארץ, 19 April 1963.

    18 years after Hitler

    The Egyptians funded Eichmann's defense

    By Naftali Lavi [...] Nazism Activized From the Outside

    "Nazi movement will not win followers in Germany today, but Nazi activists have, and they are looking for a way out of their ambitions," says the electronics engineer at one of their sign factories, which supplies important materials and even finished equipment for the Egyptian missile program. In the absence of a greenhouse in the house, the Nazi activists turn to outside allies.

    One of the active cells of this type I discovered at Beichstraße 8 in Munich, in the private apartment of Hans Rechenberg, a Wehrmacht officer who had fallen in Crete and had previously served as a senior official in the Nazi Interior Ministry of [Wilhelm] Frick.

    For about ten years, Mr. Rechenberg has been working closely with the publisher of medical literature in Lausanne, Mr. [François] Genoud, in close collaboration with Arab nationalist movements.

    There was a period of friendship with Ahmed Shukeiri, Saudi Arabia's representative at the UN and one of the venomous incitement enhancers against Israel. 18 שנה אחרי היטלר המצרים מימנו את הגנת אייכמן מאת נפתלי לביא [...] הנאציזם מופעל מבחוץ "תנועה נאצית לא תזכה היום לחסידים בגרמניה, אך פעילים נאציים יש, והם מחפשים מוצא לשאיפותיהם", אומר המהנדס לאלקטרוניקה באחד ממפעלי סימנם, המספק חמרים חשובים, ואף ציוד מוגמר לתכנית הטילים המצרית. באין חממה בבית פונים הפעילים הנאציים לבעלי ברית מבחוץ. אחד התאים הפעילים מסוג זה גליתי בבייכשטראסה 8 במינכן, בדירתו הפרטית של האנס ראכנברג, קצין וארמאכט שצנח בכרתים וקודם לכן שירת כפקיד בכיר במיניסטריון הפנים הנאצי של פריק. כעשר שנים פועל מר ראכנברג, יחד עם המו"ל של ספרות רפואית בלוזאן, מר ז'אנו, בשיתוף הדוק עם תנועות ערביות לאומניות. היתה תקופה של ידידות עם אחמד שוקיירי, נציגה של ערב הסעודית באו"ם ואחד משופרות ההסתה הארסיים נגד ישראל.

  170. 170.0 170.1 "Looking Back: December 14, 2012", The Forward. December 5, 2012.
    50 Years Ago. 1962 More and more evidence is coming to light that a number of Arab countries are actively courting former Nazis and bringing them over... Ahmed Shukairy, Saudi Arabia's current representative to the U.N., was a close collaborator with the mufti. He continues to spread Nazi-style hatred of Jews, even in the United Nations.
  171. 171.0 171.1 171.2 Facts, Vols. 15-17, Anti-defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1963, p.424.
    In 1962 at the U.N., Shukairy even went so far as to praise the militant, anti-Jewish and neo-Nazi storm troop gang in Argentina known as Tacuara.
    He said: "Recently in Argentina, as was reported in The New York Times...
  172. 172.0 172.1 Look Who's Apeing Hitler. The Sentinel, 20 December 1962 .

    A recent recommendation Ahmad Shukairy

    Saudi Arabia United Nations delegate, that the United Nations endorse and spread the propaganda the anti-Semitic Tacuara neo-Nazi youth movement in Argentina is "shocking and reprehensible," Labor Zionist Executive Officers declared in a pointed statement last week. "To attempt to enlist United Nations in Anti-Semitic activity is not only an insult to intelligence of the U.N. delegates but a brazen desecration of the Declaration of Human Rights."

    Pointing to the fact that Shukairy's outburst was promptly rebuked by the Argentinian Lucio Garcia del Sol, who disavowed and that similar denouncements came from the Chilean and other Latin-American sources, the Labor Zionist leaders stated that "The time has come for leaders of all faiths and political parties as well as men of good will to United in condemning the attempt by Arab spokesmen to revive Hitlerism's abominable use of anti-Semitism as a political tool.

    "Such irresponsible mendacious talk is an affront to the memory of millions of Jewish and non-Jewish victims of Hitler's madness. It besmirches the struggle which the Free World made to eradicate the evils of Hitlerism.

    "It is time for devotees of peace to say plainly to Arab leaders: 'You deceive no one by seeking to equate Israel and Zionism with Nazism or Fascism, for it is common knowledge that the Grand Mufti and other Arab leaders openly supported the Nazi and Fascist cause during World War II.' And even today Egypt employs well-known former leaders of Hitler's government such as Johannes Von Leers as advisors on its anti-Semitic activities. The Nazis in Cairo are aided by former Gestapo officers including the notorious Maj. Leopold Gleim and Maj. Bernard Bender who hold high posts in the secret police of the United Arab Republic."

    Once again the Arab leadership stands exposed before the world as the inheritors of Hitler's racist mantle. In their insane desire to destroy the Jewish State, they are his anti-Semitic theories which almost destroyed the human race. What rational person can possible defend such actions?

    To their friends in the West, we ask: is this the way to achieve "Peace on Earth Goodwill towards Men?"
  173. 173.0 173.1 'This World' ['Haolam Hazeh'], Issue 1318, December 12, 1962:

    Argentina's Nazis have been in the news again for the past week. At the UN General Assembly, Saudi Arabia's representative Ahmad Shukeiri welcomed the Tacuara organization and demanded that the UN take it under its wing. In Buenos Aires itself, 500 Nazis, in the brown uniform of

    Hitler's stormtroopers, marching downtown. While news came from New York that the American Fuhrer, Lincoln Rockwell, organizes an International Nazi convention, to be held in Buenos Aires, 1963.

    [18] (PDF) [העולם הזה, גליון 1318 מתאריך 12 בדצמבר 1962

    הנאצים של ארגנטינה היו שוב בחדשות בשבוע האחרון. בעצרת האו"ם העז נציג סעודיה, אחמד שוקיירי, לברך את ארגון טקוארה ולדרוש כי האו"ם יקח אותו תחת חסותו. בבואנוס־איירס עצמה, ערכו 500 נאצים, במדים החומים של קלגסי היטלר, מיצעד במרכז העיר. ואילו מניו־יורק הגיעה ידיעה, כי הפיהרר האמריקאי, לינקולן רוקוול, מארגן כינוס נאצי בינלאומי, שייערך בבואנוס־איירס, ב־.1963]

  174. 174.0 174.1 The Detroit Jewish News. December 07, 1962 Page 1.

    Worldwide Expose of Anti-Semitism: Bigotry's Internationalization Leads to Tests in UN, Appeal to World to Avoid Resurgence

    Dramatic exposes of attempts to internationalize the anti-Semitic movement, an Arab spokesman's brazen appeal to bigotry at the United Nations and the revelations of the extent of the worldwide movement of hate contained in current studies of the issue marked the Week's development in many spheres.

    A two-day conference of the World Jewish Congress, held in London last week-end, attended by representatives of 15 European countries, issued an appeal to the United Nations, all democratic governments and religious groups of all denominations to join "in energetic measures to halt increasing activities by Nazi-Fascist organizations which stir up anti-Semitic and racial hatreds in order to destroy human liberty."

    Proof that "the heirs and successors" of Hitler Nazism are attempting to form a worldwide anti-Semitic organization under the temporary leadership of George Lincoln Rockwell, and planning to hold a world congress of Nazi-Fascists in Argentina, was submitted at the United Nations to Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, president of the General Assembly, in the form of a photo-copy letter from Rockwell, leader of the American Nazi Party, by Dr. Maurice L. Perlzweig, head of the World Jewish Congress department of international affairs.

    The Rockwell letter, dated last Oct. 3, written on swastika-emblazoned stationery of the American Nazi Party, and concluded with "Heil Hitler," was addressed to three persons in Buenos Aires, identified as Ferreyra, Dubrow and Muller, of the Argentine National Socialist Front.

    Rockwell took over world leadership of the Nazi movement this fall, when Colin Jordan, British leader of the movement, was jailed for a nine-month term after being convicted of violating Britain's Public Order Act through the holding of anti-Semitic demonstrations.

    While these revelations were taking place, there was a shocking demonstration of bigotry at a session of the Special Political Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations, at which an Arab spokesman resorted to the vilest type of venom against the Jews. So revolting was his speech that even delegates from other Arab nations have begun to favor a move for that bigot's expulsion from the international body.

    The move for the recall by Saudi Arabia of its permanent representative to the UN, Ahmad Shukairy, appeared to be under way with Arab diplomats heading the drive. The desire for Shukairy's removal from the UN scene, long contemplated by more moderate Arabs here, gained heavy impetus after the official Saudi Arabian spokesman declared openly a "salute" to the anti-Semitic Tacuara movement in Argentina and proposed that the UN "adopt" the Tacuara movement.

    Shukairy's salute to the "Tacuara" movement was voiced Friday before the General Assembly's Special Political Committee which is currently debating the Arab issue. Lucio Garcia del Solar, Argentine representative in the committee, immediately objected to the Shukairy "salute," telling the United Nations that his people and government reject everything that Tacuara advocates.

    Embarrassed Arab diplomats, annoyed for many years by Shukairy's intemperate attacks against Israel and Jews, let it be known that they are asking the Saudi government to take Shukairy away from the UN. Some of the Arab diplomats apologized personally not only to Argentinians here but also to other Latin Americans, volubly assuring all that they felt Shukairy had gone much too far in his anti-Israeli drive by endorsing an open neo-Nazi movement like Tacuara.

    A sharp protest - against Shukairy's endorsement of Tacuara was received by Dr. Leopoldo Benites of Ecuador, chairman of the committee in which Shukairy called for the "adoption" of Tacuara, from Label A. Katz, president of Bnai Brith, who visited Argentina last summer and probed into the neo-Nazi movement there.

    The World Jewish Congress conference in London at which the appeal was issued for worldwide action was summoned to examine the revival of Nazi-Fascist anti-Semitism in various parts of the world.

    The conference also mapped an action program, including legislative, educational and similar actions in cooperation with church groups and humanitarian organizations "to curb Nazi-Fascist activities." ...
  175. 175.0 175.1 Activities of Nondiplomatic Representatives of Foreign Principals in the U.S.: Hearings Before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Eighty-Eighth Congress, First Session. United States: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963. 1353.

    THE ARAB REFUGEE ISSUE IN THE U.N. - No.2

    The General Assembly recently completed its annual debate on the Arab refugee question. As usual, the Arabs consumed the time in the Special Political Committee, where the debate took place, in making attacks rather than in discussing the issues involved.

    This year they reached a new low in the viciousness of their anti-Israel and anti-Jewish tirades. Particularly vitriolic were the outbursts of Ahmed Shukairy, of Saudi Arabia, who had high praise for the anti-Semitic Tacuara movement in Argentina, and of Hussein Sebri, of Egypt, who referred to Israel as "a Nazi [sic] state." In protest the Argentine delegate indignantly denied the significance of the Tacuara organization; Don Raymon Huidobro, of Chile, rejected the movement as violating humanitarian principles, and Hermod Lannung, of Denmark, lashed out "in the name of decency" at the comparison of Israel with the Nazis. Israel's Permanent Representative, Ambassador Michael Comay, gave expression to the bitter anger of Israel against this shameful equating of Israel with Nazism. On the contrary, he indicated that a close link exists between some Arab representatives and propagandists , and neo-Nazi and neo-Fascist groups.
  176. 176.0 176.1 Bezymenskiĭ. Lev, "Tracing Martin Bormann," 1966. pp.149-150.
    This brutal act focussed the limelight on an armed underground nazi organisation in Argentina which called itself Tacuara... a terrorist organisation... It does not require much investigation to see that this organisation's activities bear the stamp of the German nazis. Indeed, many of its instructors are former SS officers. Eichmann was under Tacuara protection. Dr. Mengele, before he left for Paraguay, lived on the outskirts of Buenos Aires in a house guarded by Tacuara members.
  177. 177.0 177.1 Dekel, Efrayim. Shai: The Exploits of Hagana Intelligence. Netherlands: T. Yoseloff, 1959. 108. [19][20].

    Arab leaders who had fled the country during the war and cooperated with Hitler, began to return to Palestine with the full consent of the British authorities. Among those who returned were Nimr el-Hattab, Amin el-Khouri, Subhi el-Hadra, and Jamal el-Husseini. Only the Mufti himself, Haj Amin el-Husseini, was not granted an entry visa, since even the British realized that that it would be carrying the policy of appeasement to impossible lengths. It was nevertheless made possible for him to "escape" from confinement, cross the country under an assumed name, and reach Egypt, where he was taken under the protection of King Farouk. Not many days passed before the Mufti, chief inciter of the anti-Jewish riots and close friend and collaborator of Hitler, began to make his influence felt throughout the country. News reaching the intelligence section said:

    "The Mufti's agents are appearing in Arab villages, making speeches, and inciting to violence." — "Cash from the Mufti's treasury in Egypt is coming in for the purchase of arms for the coming 'Holy War.'" — "The Mufti is becoming almost legendary among the Arabs. Wonderful stories are being told of his meetings with Hitler and Mussolini." — "Arabs arriving from neighboring countries tell of widespread volunteering to the Syrian army in preparation for the day when it will invade Palestine and drive out the Jews."

    Dekel, Efrayim. ‫עלילות ש״י: מפעולות שירות־ידיעות של ה״הגנה״‬‎. Israel: ‫מערכות‬‎, 1965. 85.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    יחס סלחני גילו הבריטים גם כלפי ערבים, אויביהם מאתמול. מנהיגים ערביים שגורשו מן הארץ, מנהיגים שברחו מהארץ בשנות המלחמה ושיתפו פעולה עם היטלר, החלו חוזרים לארץ-ישראל בהסכמתה המלאה של הממשלה. רק המופתי ששיתף-פעולה עם היטלר באופן אישי, לא זכה לקבל היתר-כניסה לארץ. גם הפייסנים שבין הבריטים הבינו, שהפעם יגדישו את הסאה... אך ניתן לו כנראה לב־רוח "ממקום מעצרו, ולהגיע מצרימה, שם הפך בן חסותו של המלך פארוק. לא יצאו ימים רבים, והשפעתו של המופתי החלה שוב לתת את אותותיה ברחבי הארץ. הידיעות שהגיעו אל הש"י מספרות: "שליחי המופתי מופיעים בכפרים הערביים , נואמים ומסיתים נגד הישוב העברי". "מקופת המופתי במצרים הגיעו כספים לקנית נשק לצרכי 'מלחמת הקודש' (ג'האד) הממשמשת ובאה". "המופתי נערץ על-ידי הישוב הערבי. בכפרים ערביים מספרים נפלאות על פגישותיו עם היטלר ועם מוסוליני ועל חלקו בהשמדת יהדות אירופה". "ערבים, שבאים מן הארצות השכנות, מספרים על תנועת התנדבות לצבא הסורי, לקראת היום בו יעלו לכבוש את פלשתינה ולגרש ממנה את היהודים."

  178. How to Fly. United States. Civil Aeronautics Administration, 1947. THE PICTORIAL RECORD OF RASEM KHALIDI'S COLLABORATION WITH AXIS. The Mufti and the Iraq Quisling, Rashid Ali Kailani. Between them, Rasem Khalidi, being "heiled" in Italy. Rasem Khalidi is member of Arab Higher Committee's...
  179. Stephen H. Norwood, "Antisemitism and the American Far Left," (2013), pp.120-121.

    The Nations Associates...

    It ranked the four men among the “worst of the Axis war criminals.” The Nations Associates attached to the memorandum thirty-five photographs of the grand mufti and other Arab leaders with Adolf Hitler, SS chief Heinrich Himmler, and Dino Alfieri, Mussolini's ambassador to Nazi Germany. The Memorandum identified the grand mufti as a "full partner" of Hitler's "before and during World War II" and as "an escaped prisoner who has found asylum in the Palace of the King of Egypt."

    In addition to the grand mufti, the accused men included the delegation's head, Emil Ghouri; Wasef Kamal, and Rasem Khalidi, a former radio announcer on an Axis-Arab station. The latter two "were notorious for their long-term association with the Mufti and his Axis activities." The U.S. consul in Egypt had refused to grant Khalidi a visa to the United States because of his wartime collaboration with the Nazis in Germany.
  180. Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates... Volume 93, Part 11, United States Congress, 1947, pp. 2819- 2821.
    Extension of Remarks of Hon. Adolph J. Sabath of Illinois in the House of Representatives, Monday, June 9, 1947:

    WASEF KAMAL

    Wasef Kamal, member of a well-known Nablus family and a teacher by profession, is notorious for his extremist propaganda among his students and for his association with the Istakiil Party during the disturbances in Palestine in and after 1936. He was a member of the National Committee in Nablus and played a role in the organization of the 1936 riots. Arrested in that year, he soon escaped to Transjordan and later to Iraq. An ally of the Mufti, he played an important role in the Iraqi rebellion of 1941 against the British. From Iraq, he escaped to Turkey. During the first part of the war he remained in Turkey as an agent of the German Secret Service from which he received a salary. In 1943 he went to Italy and Germany where he served as one of the closest collaborators of the Mufti. He returned to Syria in April 1946. He was one of the few Arab leaders excluded from the amnesty of November 1946, because he is regarded as dangerous. In April 1947, Wasef Kamal was appointed by the Arab Higher Committee as a member of a propaganda delegation to the United States. Having arrived in this country, he is in attendance at the sessions of the United Nations.

    RASEM KHALIDI

    Rasem Khalidi, member of a well-known Jerusalem family and a former Palestine Government official, has been one of the closest collaborators of the Husseini family, and particularly of the Mufti. In 1936. at the outbreak of the Axis-sponsored Palestinian Arab uprisings, he was a member of the most intimate inner circle of Haj Amin el-Husseini.

    In 1937, after the dissolution of the Arab Higher Committee, he was a member of an underground committee which directed Arab terrorism in Palestine. After his arrest in 1938, he fled to Syria and then to Iraq, where he joined the Mufti in organizing the Iraqi rebellion of 1941. After its failure he fled to Ankara and thence to Italy and Germany. In the midst of the war, in 1943, he served as an announcer on the Axis-Arabic radio station in Athens. Since 1944 he has been a member of the Mufti's personal entourage, first in Berlin and later in Paris. In July 1945, he returned to Egypt and in November 1946 was included in the Palestine Government's amnesty. Although permitted to return to Palestine, he preferred to remain in Egypt. Most recently, the United States Consul refused to grant him a visa to the United States because of his activities in Nazi Germany.
  181. Neyer, Joseph. Middle East Happenings, Colloquies, Images, Mythologies: A Response in Perspective to Some Current Positions. United States: American Academic Association for Peace in the Middle East, 1971. 18.
    On April 16, 1948, Jamal Husseini, spokesman for the Higher Committee of Palestine (under the general direction of the Mufti, who was now in Damascus), told the U.N. Security Council, "The representative of the Jewish Agency told us yesterday that they were not the attackers, that the Arabs had begun the fighting. We did not deny this. We told the whole world that we were going to fight."
  182. Howard Morley Sachar, "A History of Israel: From the rise of Zionism to our time," vol. 1, Knopf, 1976, p. 260
  183. HaMashkif - המשקיף, 14 March 1946.

    This is how they prepare the testimony of the Jews of the Arab countries ... An Arab from Palestine, a Nazi agent - teaches Syrian Jews what to say to the committee They are commanded to declare that they are happy under Arab rule and that only Zionism is interfering with their happiness Damascus ...

    By order of the Syrian government, Akram Zu'aitar, an Arab from Palestine, of Nazi agents, who had recently returned from exile in Turkey, invited the leaders of the Jewish community in Damascus. Zua'itar ordered them to visit the members of the Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry when they come to Damascus next week and declare to them that they were happy under Arab rule, but that Zionism was interfering with their happiness and could lead to a disaster. He was also strictly forbidding them to reveal that he had approached them with this demand.

    כך מכינים את עדותם של יהודי הארצות הערביות‭...‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ ערבי מארץ־ישראל סוכן נאצי - מלמד יהודי סוריה מה לומר לועדה מצווה עליהם להודיע כי הם מאושרים תחת שלטון ערבי וכי רק הציונות מפריע לאשרם דמשק 13 (פאלקור) לפי הוראת הממשלה הסורית הזמין אליו אכרם זועיתר, ערבי ארצישראלי מסוכני הנאצים שחזר לא מכבר מגלות תורכיה, את ראשי העדה היהודית בדמשק. זועיתר ציוה עליהם לבקר אצל חברי ועדת החקירה האנגלו־אמריקאית לכשיבואו לדמשק בשבוע הבא ולהצהיר בפניהם שהם מאושרים תחת השלטון הערבי ואך הציונות מפריעה לאשרם ועלולה להמיט עליהם שואה. כן אסר איסור חמור לגלות כי פנה אליהם בדרישה זו.

  184. 184.0 184.1 The Sydney Jewish News, 2 May 1947

    The Arab Killer - Nazi and the General

    By Our Special Correspondent SOLOMON ITZHAKI (Jerusalem)

    A few days after General Barker's departure from Palestine, there was a new ! guest at the Lydda airfield darned Fawzi Kawkadji..

    His activities during the war years are well known, he was the aide-de-camp of the ex-Mufti of Jerusalem, he went to Yugoslavia and Bulgaria to mobilize Moslem citizens of these countries against Russia and Great Britain, he spoke tens of times on the Nazi radio calling the Arab world to rise up against "British Imperialism and Bolshevist [sic] Judaism”; he became a bemedalled SS-man and got even a Nazi wife. What’s going on behind that international story the hero of which is Fawzi Kawkadji?

    Whom will he serve at present? The Russians, the French, the British? In any case, with the arrival of Kawkadji in the neighbourhood of Palestine the list of the Arab leaders who, during the war, were engaged in hostile activities against the Allied Nations, has been completed... The British could easily arrest him. There is no doubt, that he IS one of the great war-criminals, but—the official communique of the Palestine Government naively stated today: “Fawzi Kawkadji regretfully escaped the vigilance of the Palestine Frontier Control...”
  185. Jeffrey Herf, "Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World," Yale University Press, 2009, p. 37.
    In October 1939, Haj Amin el-Husseini and his entourage (Jamal Huseini, Amin Tamimi, Fawzi el-Qawuqji, Aref Abd er-Razeq, and Sheikh Hasan Salama) had to leave French-controlled Beirut.They went to Baghdad,where Husseini played a key role in the pro-Axis coup of March 1941...
  186. American Zionists Protest Return of Jamal Husseini, JTA, February 7, 1946.

    Great Britain's action in returning Jamal el Husseini, Arab terrorist leader, to Palestine was denounced as "another step in British imperialistic intrigue in the Middle East," in a statement issued today by the American Zionist Emergency Council. After reviewing Jamal el Husseini’s record of "organized brigandry, anti-Jewish and anti-British terror, and pro-Axis alignment and activity before and during World War II," the Council's statement declared: "Despite this record of crime and treason, Jamal el Husseini has now been allowed to resume his political agitation in Palestine. There can be little doubt as to the character of his future activities. The way is open for him again to embark on a campaign of terror, directed both against Palestine Jewry and the moderates among the Arabs who do not share the extreme views of the Husseini Party." Britain's reason for re-importing Jamal el Husseini, Amin Tamini and other agents of the ex-Mufti at this particular juncture is clear, the Council said. "The British Colonial Office is now engaged in bolstering Pan-Arabism and the Arab League, which are meant to be instrumental in the perpetuation of Britain’s sole control over the Middle East. This may provide sufficient ground for Britain’s willingness to forget the anti-British character and activities of the Mufti clique. Britain also seems willing to offer into the bargain the sacrifice of Zionism and Jewish rights in Palestine.”

    In registering its protest against “the pro-fascist intrigues of the British Colonial Office in the Middle East," the Council said it wishes to draw the attention of American public opinion "to the dangerous implications of this policy, which must not remain unchallenged."
  187. 187.0 187.1 187.2 Cohen, Hillel. Army of Shadows: Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 1917–1948. Ukraine: University of California Press, 2008. 203.

    ... haven for Palestinian exiles from the mufti's camp — among them Akram Zu'itar, 'Abd al-Qader al-Husseini, and Mu'in al-Madi — who were working actively for the Germans against the British. The mufti himself had been in Iraq just before Nashashibi's arrival but had to flee after the abortive al-Kilani revolution. He arrived in Berlin a day before the murder, welcomed by Germany's Arabic-language radio station, while Nashashibi had been meeting with pro-British Iraqis. Between Nashashibi's official meetings, many Palestinians came up to his room abd asked for his help obtaining British permission to return to Palestine in exchange for abandoning their hostile activities. Young Nusseibah, who had been involved in political murders in Palestine and underground activity in Iraq, was one of these petitioners. A few days before the murder he had told Nashashibi that he wanted to abandon terror, and Nashashibi believed he was sincere. Nusseibah took advantage of this trust to get close enough to kill Nashashibi, who had survived at least two previous assassination attempts.

    Nashashibi's murder was more than just a painful reminder of the hostility between the two Palestinian camps. It was also a severe moral and organizational blow to the mufti's opponents ...
  188. 188.0 188.1 M Hasdai, Jerusalem of Gold, INN, Dec 10, 2017.

    Arab Knesset members and families [those] involved in terrorism, together with Hanin Zoabi.., will be sent back to their countries of origin: Al-Masri and Al-Fiumi - to Egypt. Al-Khorani - to Syria. Al-Iraqi - to Iraq. Al-Tsurani - to Tyre. One family has a different law. The al-Husseini family and the Palestinian national movement that came out of it will be prosecuted, according to the law on the prosecution of Nazis and their aides. Together with 'Abd al-Qader Husseini, Rasem Khalidi, Jamal Husseini, and Tzafi Kamal and others, they are accused of founding a Nazi youth movement of Palestine Arabs, the' Nazi Scouts'. They are accused of inciting and initiating the massacre of the Jews of Eretz Israel in 1938 and the massacre of Jews and Arabs during the Arab uprising of 1936-1939, funded by Nazi Germany.

    They are accused of planning and implementing a plan to exterminate the Jews of Israel and Arab countries. They are accused of setting up an SS unit called the "Iron Group Egypt" for the extermination of the Jews of Israel, led by Walter Rauf. They are accused of establishing a Bosnian Muslim SS division, named the 13th Mountain Division, which fought against Tito'ef s partisan forces. They are guilty of planning and implementing 'Operation Atlas', to poison the water sources of the Land of Israel. They are accused of murdering the Jews of Hungary, including 900 Jewish children ... We have respect for the families of Nashashibi, Khalidi and Dajani, and for all those who have always been the enemies of the Arab Nazis, led by the serial killer of the Arabs and Jews Amin al-Husseini, his name and family will be erased and his path and memory will last forever… The disaster of the Jews of the Arab countries, riots accompanied by rapes, massacres, robberies and looting of hundreds of thousands of Jews. In all five universities in Israel, only one doctoral dissertation has been written in the last decade on the destruction of Jewish communities in Arab countries. Despite this, it is a proven historical fact that hundreds of thousands of Jews fell victim to systematic persecution and harassment throughout the Middle East.

    The massacres and deportations were carried out on the Jews of Arab countries without being a party to the war and without declaring war on Arab countries. They were loyal citizens who fell victim to murderous, religious, racist hatred. Only during the period of colonial rule did the Jews breathe a sigh of relief.

    ... the massacre of Jewish tribes of the Kenyukae, the Bnei Nadir tribe, the Bnei Kurita tribe, the Bnei Khyber tribe. Muslims will be honored to apologize for the massacre of Spanish Jews in Cordoba in 1011, the massacre of the Jews of Granada in 1066, the massacre of Algerian Jews in 1805; 1815; 1830, the massacre of Libyan Jews in 1785, the massacre of Tripoli Jews in 1945 and 1948 1776, Farhud massacre in Iraq in 1941, Syrian Jewish massacre in 1840, Syrian Jewish massacre in Aleppo in 1850 and 1875, Aleppo Jewish massacre in 1945, Damascus Jewish massacre in 1848 and 1890, Beirut Jewish massacre in 1862 And in 1874, the massacre of Deir Alkmaar in 1847, the massacre and exile of a sweater in Yemen in 1676 and the decree of orphans, the Holocaust of the Jews of Eden in Yemen in 1947, the massacre of Martian Jews in Iran in 1839, the massacre of Shiraz Jews in 1910, the massacre of Egyptian Jews. 1844, 1890, 1901-1902, and in Alexandria 1870, 1882, 1901-1907, Egyptian Jewish massacre in Cairo in 1945, 1948. Massacre of Moroccan Jews by King Idris I, Passover Jewish massacre in 1033, Passover Jewish massacre in 1465, Jewish massacre and rape Tetuan in 1790 and also in 1792, massacre of the Jews of Marrakesh between the years 1864-1860, massacre of the Jews of Teza and Test in 1903, massacre and rape of the Jews of Casablanca in 1907, massacre of the Jews of Fes in 1916, massacre of Oujda and Jerada in June 1948, massacre of Casablanca Jews, Mazagan and Safi in 1954-1955…
  189. Rein, Raanan. Argentina, Israel, and the Jews : Perón, the Eichmann capture, and after. United States: University Press of Maryland, 2003. 204.

    Throughout the 1960s, Tacuara drew additional inspiration for its antiSemitic and anti-Israel views from contacts both with neo-Nazi organizations in other countries and with Hussein Triki, the Arab League's representative in Buenos Aires, who promoted anti-Semitism under cover of anti-Zionism and as part of the anti-colonialist, anti-imperialist struggle. Triki told Catholic circles in Argentina that the Christian holy places in Israel were being desecrated and that the Catholic Church was persecuted there. During the years of World War II, Triki had been a member of the nationalist movement in Tunis that operated under the protection of the German occupation administration. After the Allied victory in El Alamein, Triki

    escaped to Nazi-controlled territory where he disseminated propaganda against the Allies, collaborating with the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin El-Husseini, who at the time was directing Nazi propaganda...
  190. Litvinoff, Barnet. A peculiar people : inside the Jewish world today. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1969. 217.
    ... Hussein Triki, who was appointed director of the Arab League's office in Buenos Aires, with responsibility for the entire sub-continent. Triki had worked in Berlin during the war on the staff of the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem.
  191. Col (Res.) Dr. Raphael G. Bouchnik-chen, "Palestinian Arab Volunteers in the British Army in WWII: A Reality Check", Besa, December 9, 2019.

    Notwithstanding Abbasi’s claim to have based his research on a variety of primary and secondary sources, he seems to have chosen his sources selectively, presumably to service the theory of a significant degree of Palestinian Arab resistance to the Nazis. Neither the quantitative nor the qualitative aspect of this theory is supported by the evidence.

    Gen. Archibald Wavell, commander of the British forces in the Middle East, opposed the formation of a Jewish regiment in the British army. According to historian Marcel Roubicek, the British High Commissioner for Palestine also feared that Jewish enlistment would inflame Arab anger. To solve that problem, he made it a condition that Jews wishing to join up find an equivalent number of Palestinian Arab volunteers to join up as well.

    To accomplish this, the Jews of the Yishuv offered financial compensation to Palestinian Arabs to enlist. They ultimately succeeded in raising enough manpower from both communities to permit the formation of a Jewish regiment.

    The opportunity for Palestinian Arabs to join the ranks of the British Army was thus a direct outcome of the Jewish desire to render its utmost assistance to Britain in every sphere of war activity, a point Abbasi ignores.

    He is similarly fuzzy on Palestinian Arab motivation. He states, “Most of the [Palestinian Arab] volunteers were villagers and of the urban lower class, and…the economic motive played a central role in volunteering,” noting that these “motives…differed from [that of] their Jewish friends, who enlisted in the army mainly because of opposition to Nazi Germany and its racial policy toward their people, besides other motives such as the revival of a Jewish army, and the serious employment situation in the country at the beginning of the war.”

    Compensation as the prevailing motivation for Palestinian Arab enlistment is supported by the evidence, but Abbasi claims their motives were in fact manifold and varied. Some Palestinian Arabs, he states, enlisted for ideological reasons, to express their opposition to Nazi ideology and loyalty to the British and their values. This motive was especially true of the urban elite and the intellectuals, he alleges, who were highly influenced by British education and culture. He does not substantiate this point sufficiently and ignores available evidence documenting contemporary Palestinian contempt for the British Army (see, for example, Prof. Kimberly Katz’s A Young Palestinian’s Diary 1941-1945, The Life of Sami Amr).

    Abbasi laments that “there is hardly any reference to the thousands of Palestinian volunteers, some of whom fell in battle, while others are still listed as missing in action, and no commemoration of the fallen can be found anywhere.” He suggests this “evil” is explained by “what the Palestinian people experienced during the Nakba and its aftermath, the destruction of archives and records in addition to the loss of personal documents, and the fact that no organization was established to commemorate the volunteers and their deeds.” He thus accuses Israel of covering up the Palestinian Arab role in defeating the Nazis.

    It should be noted that Abbasi persistently uses the term “Palestinians” rather than “Palestinian Arabs” in his article, starting with the title. This manipulation services the popular narrative denying any linkage between the Jewish People and Palestine. In her book World War II – The Story of a Jewish Soldier, Jewish Women of Mandatory Palestine Serving in the British Army, Esther Herlitz (later an Israeli diplomat and politician who served as a member of the Knesset) wrote, “As far as the British were concerned, we from the Jewish Yishuv, and some Arabs, were Palestinians.”
  192. Kirshenbaum, S. L. ‫History of the people of Israel in our generation [Toldot Am Yisrael Bedorenu]‬‎, vol. 2. Israel: 1965. p. 301.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    A total of 9,000 Arabs enlisted in the British Army here. Among them are many from across the Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, who came to the recruitment bureaus in Palestine. Many of them enlisted with the intention of acquiring weapons for themselves: indeed, by the end of the war only about half of the Arab soldiers remained, as the rest defected with their weapons from the army. Arab leaders who moved to Germany, led by Haj Amin al-Husseini, a former Mufti of Jerusalem, incited on German radio the Arabs to defect from the British army.

    Amin al-Husseini actively assisted in the establishment of Arab and Muslim battalions in the German army. It was only after the Allied victory over Al-Alamein that it became clear to the Arab statesmen that their orientation on the Axis victory in the war had disappointed, and then they changed their position and declared their full support for the Allies.

    Following this turning point, many Arab prisoners were released, who were imprisoned by the British, including organizers of riots in Palestine, and given permission to return to their homeland. Here they once again stood at the head of the Arab parties, even though they signed a letter of commitment not to be active in life ...
  193. 193.0 193.1 193.2 Elie Kedourie (Professor of Politics Emeritus), "Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies," (Cass books on the Middle East, Psychology Press, 1964), pp. 189-190; Elie Kedourie, "Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies," (Routledge, 2012), pp.189-190.

    Shuqayri began to be active in Palestinian Arab politics in the early 1930s ... whether or not they were politically wise—Shuqayri was expressing the attitudes and feelings of his countrymen... He describes the great excitement with which they used to listen to German and Italian broadcasts, how he would follow during the night the military communiqués, marking on a map the places being occupied by the victorious Germans and meet his friends the following morning to discuss triumphs exceeding those of the previous day:

    Our sympathies were with the Axis powers being led by Hitler from victory to victory, and with our sympathies went our prayers for the victory of Germany and her allies, and defeat for Britain and her confederates. . . . When the British government announced the formation of a Palestine force to help the war effort, our young men received the durective: do not join the Palestine force, and the response was quasi-unanimous. . . . The activities of the Italian and Gernan airforce extended to Palestine, and in September 1940 their airplanes bombed certain targets in Tel-Aviv and Haifa. The joy and excitement produced in our circles was indescribable.
  194. 194.0 194.1 'Poll,' [February 1941], CZA S25/ 9226; qtd in: Hillel Cohen, "Army of Shadows: Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 1917–1948", (2008) p.175.
  195. 195.0 195.1 Michael J Cohen, "Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948," (Routledge, 2014).
    On 2 July 1942, the second day of the first battle of El Alamein, the Mufti's supporters organized a public meeting in Nablus, in order to congratulate each other on the approaching victory and to wish the Mufti a long life. Cohen reported that the Mufti's supporters in Haifa had visited the local villages of Kabatia and Yabed, where they had met with his followers in order to plan the pillaging of Jewish villages in the Jezre'el valley, after the British retreat... On the same day in July, Cohen reported that the Arabs had received news about the fate of the Jews in Europe with “open joy”. They expressed the hope that the Germans would conquer Palestine and “liberate” them from their Jews. Some of the moderate minority refused to believe the news, arguing that it was merely Jewish propaganda designed to capture the sympathy of the world, that it was inconceivable that a country of Germany's cultural level could commit atrocities such as those being reported.
  196. 196.0 196.1 Michael J Cohen, "Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948," Routledge, 2014, p.429.
    In August 1942, two American intelligence officers stationed in Egypt drew up an assessment of the impact of Axis propaganda in the Middle East ... the report continued that a majority of the Palestinian Arabs was fiercely "anti-Jewish" and saw in the approach of Rommel an ideal opportunity to murder all Jews their seize their property.
  197. Hananel, Moshe. Jerusalemites: A journey in the Mandatory phone book 1946 [ha-Yerushalmim: masa besefer ha-telefon ha-mandatori 1946], (Erets va-Teva, 2007), pp. 277-8.

    Mofid Bey, the son of Amin Bey, traveled to Germany, where he stayed during Nazi rule and joined other Palestinians who worked with the Nazis under the auspices of the Mufti of Jerusalem. In Germany, he joined hundreds of members of the Palestinian aristocratic family, who worked with the Nazis under the auspices of the Mufti of Jerusalem. Mofid was in constant contact with the Mufti and visited him frequently at his residence in Berlin.

    During his stay in Berlin, a group of Syrian and Palestinian nationalists, who sided with Greater Syria, organized there. The group symbol was an inverted swastika. A number of Arab doctors, who were members of the group, even served in the Nazi army, at least one of them in an extermination camp. British intelligence closely monitored this group, some of whose members did not return to Palestine after the war...

    [משה חננאל, "הירושלמים: מסע בספר הטלפון המנדטורי 1946", ארץ וטבע, 2007, עמ' 277-278.

    עבדול האדי אל-עלמי משפחת עבדול האדי / Abdul Hadi , Dr. Burham מופיד ביי, בנו של אמין ביי, נסע לגרמניה, שם שהה בתקופת השלטון הנאצי והצטרף לפלסטינים אחרים שפעלו עם הנאצים בחסות קשריו של המופתי הירושלמי. בגרמניה הצטרף למאות בני משפחות האצולה הפלסטיניות, שפעלו עם הנאצים בחסות קשריו של המופתי הירושלמי. מופיד עמד בקשר קבוע עם המופתי וביקר אותו תדירות במעונו בברלין. בזמן שהותו בברלין התארגנה שם קבוצת לאומנים סורים ופלסטינים, שצידדו בסוריה הגדולה. סמל הקבוצה היה צלב קרס הפוך. מספר רופאים ערבים, שהיו חברים בקבוצה, אף שירתו בצבא הנאצי, לפחות אחד מהם במחנה השמדה. המודיעין הבריטי ניהל מעקב צמוד אחרי הקבוצה הזו, שחלק מחבריה לא חזר לארץ ישראל לאחר המלחמה.

  198. Haboker - הבקר, 21 November 1947.

    Dr. Adnan al-Ard throws around dollars in Germany

    Letter from Berlin from Ahi-Hulda 'Hadoar'

    Much has been written about Arab leaders' activities who worked in the service of the Nazis during the war years in the last three years.

    If there are also many more tevers to discover this affair of Nazi-Arab cooperation, however, the intent of the following is to reveal a bit, to some extent the Arab activity that has been going on in Germany and Austria since the end of the war.

    In addition to Arab leaders from all Arab countries found in Germany at the end of the war, more than three hundred Arabs sat in it. About sixty of them are [E.Y.] "Palestinians", some of them young people who went to Germany to study and remained stuck there with the outbreak of the war, then were demanded to cooperate in the German propaganda efforts. Others were mostly rebellious and exiled "activists" who found refuge in the shadow of Nazi Germany and served it in various ways in its plans to occupy the Middle East.

    One of the Nashashibi family for example, who studied medicine in Vienna, served as a doctor in death camps. Mostly in Mauthausen and no doubt murdered hundreds of people

    Another Arab young man from Jaffa, who also studied medicine in Austria, was engaged in "medical experiments" in a labor camp for Jewish women in Silesia.

    Many Arabs were busy with the German broadcasting services to the Muslim world. While others served as spies and advisers to Middle East affairs. Only a few of the Arabs found in Germany at the outbreak of the war maintained their duty as citizens of their countries of origin and were not defiled by Nazi antics.

    With the eradication of the Nazis, some of the Arab collaborators managed to escape to Switzerland, Sweden and other countries and return from there to their country. Some openly and some in secret. The majority of German Arabs moved to underground life. The traces of most of them were soon discovered by the British and American military authorities...

    An emissary from Syria

    A new chapter in Arab activity in Germany and Austria opened in the summer of 1946, when a special envoy arrived in Germany from Syria, whose job was to take care of all Arab affairs in Germany and gather their dispersals.

    Dr. Adnan al-Ard, a Syrian lawyer, a member of a privileged family, came to Vienna in July 1946 as a military correspondent for a tiny Syrian newspaper.

    The officers of the British Army's press service informed me in August this year that since his arrival, for a whole year, he had not sent a single line to the newspaper in whose name he appears nor to any other newspaper. It is clear, therefore, that Dr. Ard's journalism is nothing but a cover for another activity.

    Dr. Ard brought with him important recommendations from the American delegation in Cairo and from the heads of British diplomatic and military agents in several capitals in the Middle East.

    He often openly violated various military regulations and laws, and no one rebuked him. Dr. Ard's pockets were full of pounds and dollars, gold coins and valuables. For no British or American officer and journalist were the laws of the currency removed, and they had to hand over their money to the military authorities and receive in return the military banknotes customary in the various occupied territories. Not so when it comes to Dr. Ard.

    In a mysterious way his dollar treasure was always filling up, and even growing. Dr. Ard could always be seen in the company of high-ranking British and American officers, German women and Arab collaborators.

    While representatives of the British press would deal with all sorts of guilt of exchanging money on the Jewish thirds and imagining the remains of the massacre with pockets full of dollars,


    While representatives of the British press would falsely come up with all sorts of accusations of smuggling money on Jews.. and imagined the survivors of the massacre with pockets full of dollars, none of them dared to put on the pages of his newspaper a brief account of the actions of the Arab agent


    SS officers - To the east

    Near his arrival in Vienna, Dr. Ard launched a wide-ranging operation to contact all Arab exiles and to purchase all documents relating to the activities of Arabs in Germany.

    It was evident that the Arabs knew of the reality of valuable archives, not yet fallen into the hands that might use them to their detriment, and had given instructions to their agent to purchase whatever else could be saved.

    In Nuremberg, Dr. Ard made great efforts to eliminate the accusation that was in the hands of the Americans on an Arab personality and failed. But other documents apparently fell to him.

    In Berlin he had open connections with Kawkaji and he is the one who arranged for him all the papers and travel documents that transported Kawkaji from his hiding place in Germany to Syria.

    He also recently opened an office in Berlin for him, called the "Arab Intelligence Office", through which he reconnected with Nazi agents operating in the Middle East and their pals and friends in Arab countries.

    There are basis to the news that he is now engaged in recruiting SS officers, and the Gestapo for all sorts of roles in Arab countries. And there is no need to speculate much about the roles intended for these Nazi thugs in the Middle East.

    There are even rumors that some of the directors of the extermination operation of the Jews in Europe, including Eichmann, are in contact with this office and some of them have already been transferred to "jobs" in Syria and Iraq.

    What is still forbidden about the Germans is allowed to Dr. Ard and his Arab friends.

    They conduct open and wild incitement against the Jews at all kinds of parties and meetings. Dr. Ard himself lectures to various German circles and spices up his lectures with insults and ridicule to the Jews, which were very pleasant to the palates of the Nazis.

    A few months ago he lectured on the question of Israel to American officers and almost all of his remarks were devoted to an attack on "international Jewry."

    There is no doubt that the much-felt feature of the Arab camp in connection with the solution of the Palestine problem is largely related to the actions of the Arab agents in Germany and Austria.

    [عدنان الارض]

    ד"ר עדנאן אל-ערד מפזר דולרים בגרמניה

    מכתב מברלין מאת אחי-חולדה 'הדואר'

    על פעילות מנהיגים ערבים שעבדו בשירות הנאצים בשנות המלחמה כבר נכתב הרבה בשלש השנים האחרונות.

    אם גם יש עוד טפחים רבים לגלות בפרשה זו של שיתוף פעולה נאצי-ערבי. אולם כוונת הדברים הבאים היא לחשוף במקצת את הפעילות הערבית המתנהלת בגרמניחףה ובאוסטריה מאז נסתיימה המלחמה.

    נוסף למנהיגים ערבים מכל מדינות ערב שנמצאו בגרמניה עם תום המלחבה ישבו בה למעלה משלש מאות ערבים. מהם כששים ארצישראלים, כמה מהם היו צעירים שנסעו לגרמניה להשתלם בלימודים ונשארו תקועים בה

    עם פרוץ המלחמה, ואז נתבעו לשתף פעולה במאמצי התעמולה של הגרמנים, אחרים היו בעיקר מרדנים ו"עסקנים" גולים שמצאו מחסה בצל גרמניה הנאצית ושימשו אותה בדרכים שתות בתוכניותיה לכבוש את המזרח התיכון.

    אחד מבני משפחת נאששיבי למשל, שהשתלם ברפואה בוינה, שימש רופא במחנות-מות. בעיקר במאוטהאוזן ורצח בלי ספק מאות אנשים

    צעיר ערבי אחר מיפו, שגם הוא למד רפואה באוסטריה, עסק ב"נסיונות רפואיים" במחנה עבודה לנשים יהודיות בשלזיה. ערבים רבים היו עסוקים בשירותי השידור של הגרמנים לעולם המוסלמי. בעוד שאחרים שימשו כמרגלים ויועצים לעניני המזרח התיכון. רק מעטים מבין הערבים שנמצאו בגרמניה בעת פרוץ המלחמה שמרו על חובתם כאזרחי מדינות מוצאם ולא נטמאו בתעלולי הנאצים.

    עם מיגור הנאצים הצליח חלק ממשתפי-הפעולה הערבים לחמוק לשוויץ. שבדיה וארצות אחרות ולחזור משם לארצם. מי בגלוי ומי בהחבא. חלק הארי של ערביי גרמניה עבר לחיי מחתרת. עד מהרה נתגלו עקבות רובם לשלטונות הצבאיים הבריטיים והאמריקאיים..

    שליח מסוריה

    פרק חדש בפעילות הערבים בגרמניה ובאוסטריה נפתח בקיץ 1946, משהגיע לגרמניה מסוריה שליח מיוחד, שתפקידו היה לטפל בכל עניני הערבים בגרמניה ולקבל את פזוריהם. , דיר עדנאן אל-ערר. עורך-דין סורי, בן למשפחה מיוחסת, בא ביולי ‭1946‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ לוינה ככתב צבאי של עחון סורי זעיר.

    קציני ספיקת העתונות של הצבא הבריטי באוסטריה מסרו לי באוגוסט שנה זו, כי מאז בואו, במשך שנה שלמה, לא שלח אפילו שורה אחת לעתון שבשמה הוא מופיע ולא לשום עתון אחר. ברור על כן, כי עתונאותו של ד"ר ערד אינה אלא כסות-עינים לפעילות אחרת.

    ד"ר ערר הביא עמו המלצות חשובות מצירות האמריקאית בקאהיר ומראשי הסוכנים הדיפלומטיים והצבאיים הבריטיים בכמה מבירות במזרח התיכון. בוינה נתנו לו לד"ר ערד מטעם השלטונות הצבאיים הבריטיים והאמריקאיים רשיונות, תעודות ואפשרויות תנועה ועבודה בשירותי התחבורה הצבאיים שלא זכה עד כה שום עתונאי.

    היא עבר פעמים רבות בגלוי על הוראות וחוקים צבאיים שונים, ולא נזף בו איש. כיסיו של ד"ר ערד היו מלאים לירות ודולרים, מטבעות-זהב וחפצי-ערך. לגבי שום קצין ועתונאי בריטי או אמריקאי לא הוסרו חוקי הוואלוטה, והיה עליהם למסור את כספם לשלטונות הצבאיים ולקבל תמורתו את שטרי הכסף הצבאיים הנהוגים בשטחי הכבוש השונים. לא כן ביחס לד"ר ערד.

    בדרך מסתורית היה אוצר הדולארים של מתמלא תמיד, ואף הולך וגדל. תמיד אפשר היה לראות את ד"ר ערד בחברת קצינים בריטיים ואמריקאיים גבוהים, נשים גרמניות ומשתפי-פעולה ערבים. בעוד שנציגי העתונות הבריטים היו טופלים כל מיני אשמות של הברחת כספים על השלישים היהודים וראו בדמיונם את שרידי הטבח עם כיסים מלאים דולארים, לא העז איש מהם להעלות על דפי עתונו ידיעה קצרה על מעשיו של הסוכן הערבי.

    קציני ס.ס. - למזרח

    סמוך לבואו לווינה, פתח ד"ר ערד בפעולה רחבה ליצירת קשר עם כל הגולים הערבים ולרכישת כל המסמכים הנוגעים לפעילותם של ערבים בגרמניה. ניכר היה כי הערבים ידעו על מציאותם של ארכיונים בעלי ערך, טרם נפלו לידים העשויות להשתמש בהם לרעתם, ונתנו הוראות לסוכנם לרכוש כל מה שניתן עוד להציל.

    בנירנברג עשה ד"ר ערד מאמצים גדולים לסלק את חומר האשמה שהיה ביד האמריקאים על אישיות ערבית ולא הצליח. אבל מסמכים אחרים נפלו כנראה לידו.

    בברלין היו לו קשרים גלויים עם קאוקאג'י והוא-הוא שסידר בשבילו את כל התעודות ומסמכי הנסיעה שהעבירו את קאוקאג'י ממקום מחבואו בגרמניה לסוריה.

    הוא גם פתח לו בזמן האחרון משרד בברלין "משרד מודיעין ערבי", ובאמצעותו הוא מחדש את הקשרים בין סוכנים נאציים שפעלו במזרח התיכון לבין אנשי שלומם וחבריהם בארצות ערב.

    יש גם רגלים לידיעות כי הוא עוסק עתה בגיוס קציני ס.ס. וגסטאפו לכל מיני תפקידים בארצות ערב, ואיו צורך להרבות בניחושים על התפקידים המיועדים לבריונים נאצים אלה במזרח התיכון. מהלכות אפילו שמועות, כי כמה ממנהלי פעולת ההשמדה של היהודים באירופה, ובהם אייכמאן, נמצאים בקשר עם משרד זה וחלק מהם כבר הועבר ל"משרות" בסוריה ובעיראק.

    דבר האסור עוד על הגרמנים מותר לד"ר ערד וידידיו הערבים.

    אלה מנהלים בכל מיני מסיבות ופגישות הסתה גלויה ופרועה נגד היהודים. ד"ר ערד עצמו מרצה בפני חוגים גרמנים שונים ומתבל הרצאותיו בדברי משטמה ולעג ליהודים, הנעימו מאד לחיכם של הנאצים.

    לפני כמה חדשים הרצה על שאלת ארץ-ישראל בפני קצינים אמריקאים וכמעט כל דבריו היו מוקדשים להתקפה על "היהדות הבינלאומית".

    אין ספק כי התכונה הרבה המורגשת במחנה הערבי בקשר לפתרון בעית ארץ-ישראל קשורה במידה מרובה בפעולות הסוכנים הערבים בגרמניה ובאוסטריה.

  199. Tartakower, Aryeh., Grossmann, Kurt Richard. The Jewish refugee. Germany: Institute of Jewish Affairs of the American Jewish Congress and World Jewish Congress, 1944. 209-211
  200. Robert Satloff, "Among the Righteous," (PublicAffairs, 2007), pp. 80-87.

    the Nazi, Fascist, and Vichy persecution of Jews offered an opportunity to participate in the Europeans' .... Wherever torture occurred, Arabs played a role. Arab guards, for example, routinely flogged prisoners at “punishment camps” in the Sahara. An Algerian account of brutality at Colomb-Béchar, one of the largest Vichy labor camps, tells the story of one internee who jumped through a barracks window and escaped into the desert, only to be tracked down “by Arab soldiers on horseback who dragged him back to camp tied to their horses." The captured man was then sent to a particular hellish spot called Hadjerat M'Guil where he was tortured and died eight days later. At Djenien BouRezg, another infamous Vichy concentration camp, the sadistic commandant, Lieutenant Pierre de Ricko, had at his side a team of subordinates that included a pro-fascist Alsatian, a German who moonlighted as head ofa local gang of anti-Semitic hooligans, and an Arab policeman named Ali Guesni. At Djelfa, in the Algerian desert, the commanding officer was an- other sadist, J. Caboche, who liked to strip all the clothes off prisoners and then horsewhip them. Caboche forbade his prisoners to light any fires to keep warm. On especially cold desert nights, Caboche's loyal Arab adjutant—a man known to posterity only as Ahmed—reportedly took particular pleasure in making sure his charges froze. An Arab served as camp overseer of the Dumergue-Fretiha farm labor camp near the northern Tunisian town of Mateur. Accounts attest to the daily regimen of gratuitous pain and torture that he meted out to the forty Jews unlucky enough to be dispatched to work under his supervision.

    A British officer who served on the Allied commission to investigate and eventually liberate, Vichy labor camps, described the role of goumiers—local Arab soldiers—at a small punishment camp not far from the mining and railroad town of Bou Arfa, in southeastern Morocco...
  201. Ashnav - אשנב, 20 March 1945.

    מצב היהודים בצרפת המשוחררת תעלולי כנופיה ערבית בתקופת הכיבוש הנאצי

    ל"מארגען ז'ורנאל" מודיעים מפריס:

    במשפט נגד ‭13‬ ‬ חברי משטרת ווישי , העידו עדים יהודים על כנופיה של ערבים, שהובאה מאפריקה הצפונית כדי לענות ולהרוג יהודים. היהודים סיפרו שהתנהגותה של כנופיה זו, בהנהלתו של איש משטרת ווישי, ויליאל פלגה, היתה גרועה מזו של הגיסטאפו. הערבים היו פורצים בחצות לילה לדירות של יהודים אונסים נשים וילדות, סוחבים אתם את הגברים ומחטטים בכל פינה בחפשם זהב וחפצי-ערך. הנערה איבט, שבן משפחתה נרצח בידי הערבים, אמרה: "ראיתי את מעשי הגיסטאפו, אולם הערבים עלו עליהם באכזריותם".

    The situation of the Jews in liberated France

    Arab gang antics during the Nazi occupation

    To "Morgen Journal" informed from Paris:

    In a trial against 13 members of the Vichy police, Jewish witnesses testified about a gang of Arabs brought in from North Africa to torture and kill Jews.

    The Jews said that the behavior of this gang, led by Vichy police officer W.P.... was worse than that of the Gestapo. The Arabs would break into the apartments of Jews raping women and girls at midnight, dragging the men with them and rummaging around every corner in search of gold and valuables. The girl Ivette, whose family member was murdered by the Arabs, said: "I saw the acts of the Gestapo, but the Arabs brutally attacked them."
  202. Yehuda Bauer: "Jews for Sale?: Nazi-Jewish Negotiations, 1933-1945" (Yale University Press, 1994), p. 88.
  203. E. Black, "When Baghdad Burned – the June 1941 Farhud Massacre", TOI, May 28, 2015.
    As Arab Nationalism and Hitlerism fused, numerous Nazi-style youth clubs began springing up in Iraq. One pivotal group known as Futuwwa was nothing less than a clone of the Hitler Youth. In 1938, Futuwwa members were required to attend a candlelight Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg. When the delegation came back from Germany, a common chant in Arabic was, “Long live Hitler, the killer of insects and J...”
  204. 204.0 204.1 Maya Buenos, "Mom closed my eyes, but I saw. It was the Farhud, you can not forget it", Maariv, 05/06/2021.

    Outside Baghdad, in the city of Diwaniyah, one night the large home of the Sasson family became a ghetto that centralized the city's Jews, from whom they were sent daily to forced labor. In his memoir, Daniel Sasson wrote: "The story of the Diwaniyah ghetto has not yet been told. "Because of the congestion of the difficult events of those days, which left the Jewish community of Diwaniyah surprised, struck by astonishment, pain and anxiety, and whether because of its desire to repress the event in its collective memory."

    Sasson describes that the two-story house was divided into three wings: the men were concentrated in the front, the women and children were concentrated in the middle part, and the back part was converted into a police station that managed and guarded the ghetto. According to Sasson, 670 Jews were housed in a ghetto that covered an area of 750 square meters. Around the house, police were stationed in four hotspots, and the guards were armed with rifles and bayonets.

    But in the early morning hours of May 31, 1941, just a day before the riots broke out, Sasson noticed that the guards were gone. "I went downstairs and saw that the guards were gone, and with them the police van with the automatic weapon and the long chain of bullets dangling from it downstairs," he says. "At that stage we did not know that Rashid Ali's revolt had failed, and the men decided to stay inside the house, because they were afraid that it was a police ploy, that we would go out and they would shoot us, say we tried to escape."

    Among the men in the ghetto, another decision was immediately made, to gather everyone at 10:00 in the house plaza and try to understand what it was all about. In the hours that have passed, they have already learned through the radio that the uprising has indeed failed and its leaders have fled Iraq.

    What did the failure of the revolt mean to you? 'We thought it was our release day, Rashid Ali's failure. Today when I think of the ghettos that Rashid Ali established and that he intended to establish more ghettos, I can only imagine what would have happened if he had not lost in the revolution. He would execute all Iraqi Jews. ' With teary eyes, Sasson continues his story: "But I remember watching men from the sidelines, after hearing on the radio about the failure of the revolt, reading 'Hear Israel' and singing traditional songs of Babylonian Jewry. They were bearded, their clothes were tattered and most of all, despite the excitement of knowing, they had sadness on their faces. It hurt me to look at them. '

    On the same day, Sasson and his family traveled to the city of Shmaya, 35 kilometers from Diwania. There they reunited with their relatives from Baghdad, not knowing that the Farhud would persecute them all the way there. The next day, on Pentecost, Sasson sat by the window and saw his uncle, Menashe Khalashi, coming out of the door of the house and before his eyes he was shot dead by an Arab assassin. 5-year-old Sasson ran outside, saw the terrible horror, returned home and burst into tears and shouting. "A great commotion broke out in the house, and my father said, 'Let us flee to the city of Hila,'" says Sasson ...
  205. As many as 1,000 Jews could have died in the Farhud, Jewish Refugees, June 3, 2021.
  206. Nili Gabay, The Jewish Woman in Baghdad: Processes of Change in Social Status in the First Half of the Twentieth Century, Association of Iraqi Academics in Israel, 2006, p. 22. נילי גבאי, האשה היהודיה בבגדאד: תהליכי שינוי במעמדה החברתי במחצית הראשונה של המאה העשרים, אגודת האקדמאים יוצאי עיראק בישראל, 2006, עמ' 22.

    ... ובעיקר שליחיו של המופתי הירושלמי, חאג' אמין אל-חוסייני, וגרובה, הנספח המדיני של גרמניה הנאצית בבגדאד, שעוררו הסתה נגד יהודי עיראק על רקע המאורעות שפרצו בארץ-ישראל בשנת 1936.

  207. Australian radio explores issue of Jews from Arab lands, Jewish Refugees, July 21, 2019.
    The Israel Connexion [21] is a weekly radio podcast by David Schulberg of Melbourne. Recently David recorded two interviews to illustrate the issue of Jews from Arab lands. Researching documents in the Arabic original, Dr Edy Cohen found evidence of a secret Arab Nazi party founded in Iraq by the Palestinian wartime Mufti. Lyn Julius is the author of the book Uprooted: how 3,000 years of Jewish civilisation in the Arab world vanished overnight'.
  208. Assaf Gibor, "Iraqi historian: There is a direct link between Nazi influences and the crimes of the Farhud," Makor Rishon, May 2, 2019.
  209. Lynette Hacopian, 85-year-old Israeli testifies to Nazi-inspired pogrom that massacred Iraqi Jewry, ILH, March 3, 2021.
    Interview, 'We Knew That If Hitler Won, There Would Be More To Come'

    Iraqi-born Daniel Sasson recounts firsthand how in the early 1940s, Hitler-emulating dictator Rashid Ali al-Gaylani sent Jews to ghettos and firing squads in the Middle East.

    Holocaust narratives of European Jewry are well-documented, but far less is published about how Germany’s influence decimated Jewish communities in the Middle East during and after World War II.

    Born Riad Izzat Al-Sassoon Mualem in Diwaniya, Iraq, Daniel Sasson says, “there is a need for this story to be known, with an emphasis on the connection between Nazi ghettos in Europe and the ghetto in Iraq.” The 85-year-old Sasson spoke to The Times of Israel from his home in the Tel Aviv suburb of Ramat Gan with the desire to shine light on the fading history of what he and countless other Iraqi Jews endured. Sasson also recently documented his experiences in a book titled “The Untold Story: The First and Last Ghetto in Iraq,” available in Hebrew. In it, he describes his childhood in Iraq and how an alliance between Hitler and Iraqi prime minister Rashid Ali al-Gaylani temporarily shifted the balance of power in the country.

    Due to this alliance, Iraq subjected its roughly 150,000 Jews to German-imported anti-Semitism. The Jews were forced to live in a ghetto and eventually massacred in a Nazi-inspired pogrom called the Farhud.

    While Iraq’s royal family supported the British, who earlier had maintained a mandate in Iraq, the ardently nationalist al-Gaylani instead aligned himself with the Axis powers, seeking to minimize British influence in his country even as the United Kingdom levied harsh economic sanctions in retaliation. The relationship between al-Gaylani and Hitler produced a ripple-effect of anti-Semitism which led to a 1941 pogrom called the Farhud, and the eventual exodus of the 2,500-year-old community — including Sasson’s own family, who fled to Israel.

    His family was a prominent one, but far from sparing them the atrocities, this brought them all the closer when al-Gaylani gave orders for the establishment of a Jewish ghetto in Diwaniya, a small city 158 kilometers (98 miles) south of Baghdad.

    ‘An untold story’

    Sasson’s grandfather’s house was a prime choice for the location of the ghetto. A mansion some 750 meters (2,460 feet) wide, it was the largest private home in Diwaniya. The mansion housed the city’s 600 Jews, plus another 70 who came from Baghdad and other cities, throughout the entire month of May in 1941. “I was five years old,” says Sasson, “but I remember everything like it was yesterday.” In 1937 Sasson’s father built a house in Diwaniya. The new mayor, a known anti-Semite by the name of Khalil Azmi, declared its construction illegal under bogus pretenses and bulldozed it to the ground. Not deterred, the family temporarily moved to Baghdad and Sasson’s father hired a top lawyer to sue the Diwaniya municipality. They won the case in 1941, and the government was forced to underwrite the home’s rebuilding. “After that event, we understood that there’s no future for us in Iraq,” says Sasson.

    No sooner had the family returned to Diwaniya than they were greeted by a group of armed policemen. Fear gripped Sasson when the police recognized his father, who was a man of status. They stopped the family, grabbed them from the car, and “tossed them like sacks of flour” into the mansion owned by Sasson’s grandfather. Behavior of this kind towards a reputable man was highly unusual, says Sasson. There was police surveillance around the entire property, and eventually it became clear that it would serve as a prison for the town’s Jewish population.

    Inside the Diwaniya ghetto

    Sasson explains that creating a larger ghetto in the town would have inconvenienced the Muslim population living there, and so the al-Gaylani government instead placed all of the Jews under one roof and kept them under house arrest. “Inside the ghetto there were difficulties. There was hunger. The police were armed with spears when we arrived, and it was very hard, this month,” he says. The people lived off of a few olives one day, stale bread another day, slowly starving to death. Women were given space in the back rooms and the men were confined to the front. Communication between the two groups was restricted. All of the men were put to forced labor from 7 a.m. until 7 p.m., watering trees along the river.

    A childhood friend of Sasson’s, Khaled Musa, was Jewish but bore an Arabic name. Musa was spared from the ghetto along with his mother when a Muslim family took the two of them in. “The river separated us, Khaled Musa’s family and ours. Opposite the balcony area from our home we could see their house. It was a matter of only 200 meters [656 feet], just the river between us and their house. Arab-Muslim neighbors hid Khaled Musa and his mother for one month, but his dad and uncles were thrown in the ghetto,” says Sasson. “And no one knew how long the ghetto was going to last.” Sasson’s grandfather, who had often acted as a judge and arbitrator between tribes in Diwaniya, discovered from the police that pro-Nazi prime minister al-Gaylani intended to create additional ghettos between Baghdad and Basra in the south. According to the police, this would be the first of many ghettos to come, an extension of Hitler’s aspirations for Jews outside of Europe.

    The ghetto was divided into three sections. In the first and largest area were the men; in the middle area were women and children; and the final section served as a base of operations for the police stationed there. An army tank sat in the corner of the courtyard, conducting 24-hour surveillance. The police also stationed a patrol between the men’s and women’s camps, prohibiting any contact between the two groups. But Sasson, being a young child, was able to move between them with relative ease.

    One day, Sasson saw a woman crying and asked how he could help. She wanted to send a message to her husband on the other side of the house, so Sasson offered to go as a messenger. Just as he was about to cross over to the men’s side, he was stopped by the police chief. “This is my house,” Sasson remembers saying. “You can’t tell me what to do. My mother is here and my father is there, and I want to be able to see them both.” And so the chief let him through. Sasson also recalls intense hunger, especially at night. The police didn’t allow the Jews into the kitchen to cook the sacks of potatoes lying in the corner, he says, so he ate them raw. Other children didn’t even fare that well, he says, and he often heard them crying out in hunger overnight. Being a mischievous child, Sasson says he would climb the walls to reach the rooftop terrace. He would see rooms full of children crying from hunger, unable to sleep. He went up to the roof most days and watched the men work, carrying pails of water to and from the nearby river. With each passing day, the people became weaker and sicker. The nights were all the same, with the continuous wailing of children echoing throughout the mansion.

    Out of the frying pan and into the fire

    The Jews’ release came suddenly and without warning. Sasson remembers being asleep one night and dreaming that Hitler had caught hold of him and was dragging him away. He woke up in a cold sweat and climbed up onto the roof to calm himself.

    Looking out over the river, Sasson saw the fishermen drifting by in their boats, but something felt different. Looking around the compound, he realized that the round-the-clock security patrols were gone. He went downstairs to notify the men, and passing the place where the police would usually sit, he saw that they were gone, too.

    The Jews would later learn that British troops had overrun the country and al-Gaylani had been deposed. At mid-morning on May 31, 1941, the entire group sang the Shema prayer in unison and walked out together, each to their own home. As the people exited, Sasson saw their faces — they looked worn, the men’s beards had grown, and their clothing didn’t fit the same. That same day, Sasson’s family decided to travel to their uncle’s house in the city of Shaamiya, 35 kilometers (22 miles) away. The following day, June 1, 1941, was the Jewish holiday of Shavuot. Sasson sat by the window to observe his new surroundings. Suddenly an ear-splitting shot rang out and Sasson’s uncle, who had been standing just feet from the window, crumpled to the ground, dead. Over 200 Jews were slaughtered in Iraq that day, with thousands more injured and raped. Their businesses were demolished, their property plundered, shops set on fire and ransacked. The attacking mob used whatever weapons they could get their hands on, also running people over with vehicles. Some Jews were sheltered by their Muslim neighbors, who put themselves at great risk. The event is considered a turning point for Jewish life in Iraq. The Farhud is one of the most traumatic events in the collective memory of Iraqi Jewry. Similar to the Kristallnacht pogroms in Germany and Austria in November of 1938, the Jews were hunted by attackers motivated by pro-Nazi ideology. The first incident of its kind to normalize Jewish persecution in Iraq, the Farhud was a turning point in the country’s Jewish history and a wakeup call for many who realized there was no future for them there.

    After Sasson’s uncle was killed in Shaamiya, the family packed their bags and returned to Baghdad, where they lived for the next six years. His father set up a brick-making factory that employed several hundred people. Then, in 1951, Sasson and his brother left for Israel.
  210. Ezra Morad, "The story that was not told", News1, 12/11/2018.

    Bringing the ghetto story that has so far not been told in public is the first virtue of the book. After all, the Farhud pogrom of 1941 took place not only in Baghdad, but also in other cities. Milestones in the history of Iraqi Jewry. A surprising and renewed Daniel, who as a five-year-old boy, with the outbreak of the Rashid Ali al-Khilani uprising in Iraq in 1941, 670 of the city's Jews were concentrated in a closed ghetto. He testifies that in his adulthood he became interested in and tried to question his family members about the same trauma he experienced and so he writes: "Support for the Nazi government, which has already established an ideological base in Iraq, among circles and members of the government."

    Bringing the ghetto story that has so far not been told in public is the first virtue of the book. After all, the Farhud pogrom of 1941 took place not only in Baghdad, but also in other cities, such as: Basrah, Diwaniya, Amara. And I also remember how the masses rioted and beat my father, the late Ezekiel Yeshayahu. The conclusion is that the Farhud pogrom took place not only in Baghdad, although its Jews suffered the most injuries and killing.

    "The Untold Story" by Daniel Sasson, about the ghetto on the banks of the Euphrates River established in 1941.
  211. Rafaela Goichman and Attila Shumpelby, "Rare documentation: The Muslims who fought with the Nazis," YNet, Apr 11, 2015.
    During World War II, the Germans recruited units of local inhabitants in North Africa. Interview in the Ynet studio with the researcher who revealed a video that documented them saluting with raised hand

    The Nazis tried to recruit the Arabs in North Africa through propaganda. The intention was to declare the special units involved as a liberating force, to be the starting point of an Arab army that would liberate the Arab states," said Stefan Patka, a doctoral student and researcher at the Berlin University of Technology, who discovered rare documentation showing North African Muslim soldiers trained during World War II. and fought in the service of the Wehrmacht. The film documents the results of Muslim cooperation with the Nazis and with the French Vichy regime that ruled the region. The documentation includes instruction booklets for the use of German weapons and unit badges carried by Muslim soldiers that read "Free Arabian [Legion] Forces." [Freies Arabien].

    "The Nazis began recruiting Arabs to the Wehrmacht as early as the summer of 1941 when the starting point was the coup in Iraq, after the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was exiled to Iraq from Beirut and tried to establish pro - Nazi rule with Iraq's former prime minister, Rashid al-Khilani," explains Dr. Petka.
  212. Israeli, Raphael. Political, Social and Religious Studies of the Balkans - Volume I - The Suffering of the Serbs in Sarajevo During the Bosnia War (1992-5). N.p.: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency, LLC, 2021. 108
  213. Haviv Kanaan, "Matayim yeme ḥaradah: Erets-Yisrael mul tseva Romel," (Mul-eret, 1973), p. 12 (p.240) [22].
    A few years later, it became known that Arab figures in Israel knew about the Mufti's plan to establish Auschwitz-style crematoria in the Dotan Valley, to which the Jews of Israel and the rest of the Near East, as well as the Jews of North Africa, were to be taken.
  214. Wolfgang G. Schwanitz, "Photographic Evidence Shows Palestinian Leader Amin al-Husseini at a Nazi Concentration Camp." Tablet Mag., April 7, 2021.
  215. HaMashkif – המשקיף, 21 July 1946

    Arabs from Palestine [E"Y], Transjordan and Syria were in a Nazi army that was about to invade the Middle East - Moscow reveals.

    The Loyal Allies...

    Moscow 20 (R) - On the destruction of a secret Nazi army by the Russians during the war, an army headed by a kind of German "Lawrence of Arabia" and which had to cross the Caucasus Mountains and stand against the British in the Middle East - Told today in the Soviet newspaper "Izvestia".

    The "miniature army" was discovered when the Red Army captured a member of the former French Foreign Legion of German descent. He told his captors that he had been assigned to a special squad that had to follow in the footsteps of von Kleist's army to the Caucasus Mountains and after the defeat of the Russians move to Persia as a political and military nucleus of the attack against the British... The entire formation battalion contained Arabs across the Jordan, Syria and Palestine [E"Y] - all of whom had lived in Germany for a long time - the prisoner said.

    ערבים מא"י עבה"י וסוריה היו בצבא נאצי שעמד לפלוש למזרח התיכון - מגלה מוסקבה בני-הברית הנאמנים‭.. . ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ מוסקבה 20 (ר) — על השמדת צבא נאצי סודי ע"י הרוסים בזמן המלחמה, צבא שבראשו עמד מעין "לורנס של ערב" גרמני ושהיה צריך לעבור את הרי הקאוקז ולהתיצב נגד הבריטים במזרח התיכון — מסופר היום בעתון הסובייטי "איזבסטיה".

    "‬הצבא המיניטורי" נתגלה כאשר הצבא האדום לקח בשבי חבר של לגיון הזרים הצרפתי לשעבר ממוצא גרמנים. הוא סיפר לשוביו שהוא הועמד לפלוגה מיוחדת שהיתה צריכה ללכת בעקבות הצבא של פון קלייסט להרי הקאוקז ולאחר מפלת הרוסים לעבור לפרס כגרעין פוליטי וצבאי של ההתקפה נגד הבריטים. מפקד האויריה ג'למי היה מומחה מזרחי וראש המטה, לויטננט קולונל מאיר שידיעותיו על המזרח לא נפלו מאלה של לורנס" — לפי השבוי הזה — שירת בתורכיה וביקר בירושלים, בגדד ואלג'יר. כל הגדוד של הפורמציה הכיל ערביים מעבר הירדן, סוריה וארץ ישראל — שכולם חיו זמן ממושך בגרמניה — אמר השבוי.

  216. Heruth - חרות - עתון חופשי, 6 February 1944.

    Assassinated an Arab-Nazi agent In Sarafand (Arabic: الصرفند‎), an Arab named Suleiman Abdullah was shot dead for espionage. He was arrested a month ago while handing over plans to one of the enemy agents. הומת ערבי-סוכן נאצי

    בסרפנד הומת ביריה ערבי בשם סולימן עבדאללה בעוון ריגול. הוא נאסר לפני חודש ימים בשעת מסירת תכניות לאחד מסוכני האויב.
  217. 217.0 217.1 Klaus-Michael Mallmann, ‎Martin Cüppers, "Nazi Palestine: The Plans for the Extermination of the Jews in Palestine," (Enigma Books, 2010),123-4

    In addition, the example of the Einsatzgruppen in Eastern Europe shows that the mass murders initiated by the Germans were often quickly supported by local collaborators and then smoothly implemented...

    Einsatzgruppen B and C, in their vast deployment territories, also routinely made use of local personnel, who proved indispensable in carrying out the mass murders. Collaboration in the annihilation of the Jews would have proceeded smoothly outside German-occupied Europe as well. As numerous reports had long attested, a vast number of Arabs, in some cases already well organized, were ready to serve as willing accomplices of the Germans in the Middle East. Immediately after the panzer army's arrival in Africa, the central task of Rauff's Einsatzkommando—the implementation of the Holocaust in Palestine—would have been quickly put into action with the help of those collaborators.
  218. Ethan Katz, "The Burdens of Brotherhood: Jews and Muslims from North Africa to France," (Harvard University Press, 2015). [23]
  219. Algeria Riots Checked, The Jewish Telegraphic Agency Aug 8, 1934.

    Military in Control of Constantine; Witness Gives Slaughter Details

    Girls Mutilated, Many Burned, Report Shows List of Dead And Injured Runs Into Hundreds, Correspondent Says.

    CONSTANTINE Algeria, Aug. 7. --

    A scene of utter desolation and horror, of Jewish girls with their breasts cut off, of little children with numerous knife wounds and of whole families locked in their homes and burned to death, was described by a Jewish Telegraphic Agency correspondent, who succeeded in reaching this city today.

    “It will take days before the world will obtain a true picture of all the atrocities committed by the Arabs during the pogrom on the Jewish quarter,” the correspondent wired.

    “The only comparison I can think of is the Palestine riots of 1929. I found Jewish girls with their breasts cut off, greybearded Jews stabbed to death, little Jewish children dead of numerous knife wounds and whole families locked in their homes and burned to death by the rioters.

    “Just as in Palestine in 1929, the lists of the dead and injured run into the hundreds with no official estimates available. The hospitals are filled with Jewish victims and the doors of the hospitals are besieged with half-crazed wives and mothers seeking to ascertain whether their loved ones are among the dead or injured, or whether they succeeded in escaping the pogrom bands...

    "The Jewish printer Attali, whose children were all murdered by Arabs, and was severely injured, as was his wife, told me of the bestialities, practiced by the Arabs during the pogrom...

    "I myself saw two Jewish girls on the verge of death, owing to the fact that pogromists cut off their breasts...
  220. The Sentinel, 23 August 1934.

    The Constantine Pogroms. By Julius Mayer.

    The scene of Jewish suffering and trial has momentarily been transported from Nazi ridden Germany to the dark, narrow streets of Constantine, Algeria. The cobblestones in the Jewish quarter are stained with blood of men, women and children, butchered and tortured to death, in horrible Oriental fashion.

    ... We would have blamed it on Moslem fanaticism and let it go at that. But today, in the years of the swastika, bitter economic rivalry,... There is no denying that the Moslems are a fanatical people...

    Analyzing the causes of the recent pogroms, some observers have leaned strongly toward the the theory that Nazi propaganda was instrumental in precipitating the disorders.

    It is a favorite manoeuvre of a hostile power to undermine its rival's colonial possessions, provoke disturbances and thus distract the attention from the European scene. With the Nazi Internationale superseding the Red Internationale, there is no doubt that Nazi agitators got the ear of the Arab and Berber nationalist leaders and aroused them to strike at the French government through the Jewish community.

    The machinations of Hitlerite propagandists added to an aggravated economic situation... and Jewish blood stained the streets of Constantine, and Jewish women and children's bodies lay cut to pieces in the sun, and the Jews of the world forgot about Hitler and wondered what would descend upon them next.
  221. Histories of French Antisemitism in Colonial Algeria. Connell Press, 2019-09-04.
    Lethal Provocation uncovers evidence that as many as twenty of these murders may have been committed by a small group led by a soldier in the French army named Mohamed El Maadi. Later a member of a notorious French nationalist group that threatened insurrection in the late 1930s, El Maadi became an enthusiastic supporter of France’s Vichy regime in World War II, and finished his career in the German SS. Local police and authorities came to know about the role of provocation in the unrest and killings and purposely hid the truth during the investigation that followed. El Maadi’s participation in the riots and his connections to local French political figures were suppressed by the authorities, and the official report blamed the city’s Muslim population as a whole for the murders. This was El Maadi’s goal. He and his conspirators assumed that the riots would drive Muslims in Algeria to forge a bond with French extremists by encouraging a shared hatred of Jews. It also appears that El Maadi’s group hoped to discredit Muslim political leaders who sought expanded citizenship rights for Muslim colonial subjects in Algeria by tainting their constituency with the stain of murderous violence.
  222. Alma Heckman. Review of Cole, Joshua, Lethal Provocation: The Constantine Murders and the Politics of French Algeria. H-Judaic, H-Net Reviews. July, 2020. [24].
    However, this focus also partly excludes from view the wider context of pan-Islamic and pan-Arab nationalism, which crops up only in brief references to ongoing violence in British Mandate Palestine and the movements of the infamous Hajj Amin al-Husseini, the mufti of Jerusalem.
  223. François de LANNOY, De la Cagoule à la Brigade Nord-africaine, l’itinéraire de Mohamed El Maadi alias « SS Mohamed », in 39/45 Magazine n°80 (Heimdal, 1993); qtd in Satloff, Robert. Among the Righteous. United States: PublicAffairs, 2007. 229.
  224. Bensoussan, Georges. Jews in Arab Countries: The Great Uprooting. United States: Indiana University Press, 2019. 316
  225. Cole, Joshua. Lethal Provocation: The Constantine Murders and the Politics of French Algeria. United States: Cornell University Press, 2019. 226
  226. Algérie: Mohamed el-Maadi, le Nazi de Souk Ahras - Afrique L'Adulte Mohamed el-Maadi, the Nazi of Souk Ahras. (Feb 8, 2021)
  227. Bitsaron, 1969. Vol. 61, p. 198.

    He sold himself for arms and financial support to Moscow, to Rome. He was fascist in nature and feudal in his social composition. He never cared about the broad strata of the people not being represented in the leadership and became the franchise of the rich and aggressive.

    Arab nationalism in Palestine was for the Arabs what Hitler was for the German people. While Nazism destroyed the socialists, liberals, communists, democrats, who had an independent opinion within his Reich, Haj Amin al-Husseini waged a brutal campaign of extermination against any opposition among his people.

    Since he was unable to set up ... where his opponents would be tortured, he simply ordered their elimination. During the three years of the uprising under his leadership, between 7,000 and 8,000 Palestinian Arabs were killed by his mercenaries: party leaders, clerics, police and officers, teachers, journalists, mayors and city councilors, intelligence chiefs, and muhtar of villages. Many were exterminated along with their families. Arab nationalism "borrowed" from the dictatorial regimes the most horrific method of taking over the psyche of the people: terrorism.

    On the side of terror and an alliance with the destroyers of freedom, the entry of Palestinian nationalism...

    בצרון, 1969, Vol. 61, p. 198
    הוא מכר עצמו תמורת נשק ותמיכה כספית למוסקבה, לרומה. הוא היה פאשיסטי במהותו ופיאודאלי בהרכבו הסוציאלי. הוא לא דאג מעולם לשכבות העם הרחבות שלא יוצגו במנהיגות והפך לזכיון של העשירים והתקיפים.

    הלאומנות הערבית בפלשתינה היתה בשביל הערבים מה שהיטלר היה בשביל העם הגרמני. בעוד שהנאציזם השמיד את הסוציאליסטים, הליבראלים הקומוניסטים, הדמוקראטים, בעלי דעה עצמאית בתוך הרייך שלו, ניהל חג' אמין אל חוסייני מסע השמדה אכזרי נגד כל אופוזיציה במקרב בני עמו.

    מכיוון שלא היה בכוחו להקים מחנות ריכוז בהם יעונו מתנגדיו, פקד פשוט על חיסולם. במשך שלוש שנות המרידה שהתנהלה בראשותו נרצחו בין 7000 ל -8000 ערביי פלשתינה בידי שכירי חרב שלו: ראשי מפלגות, כלי קודש, שוטרים וקצינים, מורים, עתונאים, ראשי עיריות וחברי מועצות עירוניות, ראשי האינטלגינציה , ומוכתרים של כפרים. רבים הושמדו ביחד עם בני משפחותיהם. הלאומנות הערבית "שאלה" מהמשטרים הרודניים את השיטה המחרידה ביותר להשתלטות על נפש העם: הטירור.

    בצד הטירור וברית עם הורסי החרות, הכניסה הלאומנות הפלשתינאית..

  228. Palestine Post, 11 June 1939, "Funeral of Dr Anwar Shukeiri."
  229. Annotated Supreme Court Judgments [Palestine], vol.1. Palestine. Supreme Court, (S. Bursi, 1941), p. 52.
  230. Robert L. Jarman, “Political Diaries of the Arab World: 1939-1940,” (Jordan, Archive Editions, 2001), p. 489.
    On Sunday 18th the fortieth day after the death of Sheikh Asaad Shukeiri, a large memorial meeting was held in the Acre cinema to his memory and that of his son Dr. Anwar Shukeiri who was assassinated in Acre on June 8th 1939...
  231. The Westralian Judean, 1 October 1946.

    Bishop Pilcher's Penetrating Article on Palestine GIVING CHRISTIANS THE TRUTH

    The following is the text of an article written by the Rt. Rev. C. U. Pilcher, Bishop Coadjutor of Sydney, in the “Church Standard” of August 9th.

    The article gives a clear and accurate account of the real reasons which lie behind the terrorism in Palestine.

    “Those who read about the terrorism in Palestine in the newspapers probably condemn it unanimously, but without understanding the reasons for it,” Bishop Pilcher writes. “This article is not written to excuse it,” he declares. “Responsible Jews as well as ourselves condemn it; it is written to explain its reasons.

    (a) In 1917 the British Government approved the Balfour Declaration granting a National Home in Palestine to the Jews. This Declaration was subsequently approved by the United States of America and the League of Nations, including the Arabs. The Mandate over Palestine was granted to Great Britain in order that the Balfour Declaration might be implemented.

    (b) As a result of this Declaration, Jewish immigrants flowed into Palestine until the Jewish population reached a total of somewhat over half a million. The result of this immigration was to change the parts of Palestine where the Jews lived from desert to fertile country—all land being bought from the Arabs, often at exorbitant prices. The great city of Tel Aviv was founded on the coast near Joppa. The whole economic, cultural and scientific life of Palestine was raised to such a point that Arabs poured into the country, increasing the Arab population from about a half million to over one million. In other words, the Arabs were vastly benefited by the Jewish immigration.

    DISTASTEFUL TO ARAB LANDLORDS.

    (c) This state of things was distasteful to the Arab landlords, who amass great sums of money to themselves by oppressing the Arab peasants. Fortified by money from Hitler and from Mussolini, the Arabs, led by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, started a campaign of violence against the Jews. It is interesting to notice that during this campaign Arab terrorists murdered more of their own people who refused co-operation than they did of the Jews.

    (d) The Appeasement Government of Mr. Chamberlain was now in power in England, and it was determined! to appease not merely Hitler and Mussolini, but also the wealthy Arabs. The so-called White Paper was forced through Parliament in 1939 forbidding the entry of Jews into Palestine after the year 1944. Mr. Winston Churchill denounced this White Paper as a breach and repudiation of our pledges to the Jews, made in the Balfour Declaration.

    (e) It is well to remember that Mr. Churchill and Lawrence of Arabia both insisted that our pledges to the Arabs had been kept. They have now been granted the kingdoms of Arabia, Trans-Jordan, Iraq and Syria. It was always understood that little Palestine was excluded from the promises made to the Arabs.

    (f) When the war broke out, in spite of the White Paper, Jews of Palestine rallied to the British; Jewish troops gave magnificent service on all the various fronts. Well over one million Jews served in the Allied armies, while the Arabs stabbed Britain in the back at Iraq.

    (g) It was confidently expected that when the war was over the Allies would release the 100,000 Jews who had been held in Hitler’s concentration camps—the miserable remnants of about 5,000,000 who had been murdered by the Nazis. This act was confidently expected from the new Labour Government under Mr. Attlee, which when out of power had repeatedly passed resolutions favouring the entry of the Jews to Palestine.
  232. 232.0 232.1 Agenda-driven Gilbert Achcar: hiding, distorting the awful true Goliath Arab nazism, DP, Nov 23, 2020
  233. Gilbert Achcar - another bogus scholar
  234. Unity and Diversity in Contemporary Antisemitism: The Bristol–Sheffield Hallam Colloquium on Contemporary Antisemitism. United States: Academic Studies Press, 2019.
    Neither Palestinian or Arab people themselves nor the Hamas Charter (in which more than a few of such people believe) are taken seriously in such an approach. They are damned to play the role of the oppressed for whom intellectuals such as Gilbert Achcar tirelessly seek excuses. Maajid Nawaz calls this approach "patronizing, self-pity and mollycoddling."

    To infantilize the Arabs by strictly separating the West and the East when it comes to antisemitism and Holocaust denial is of course a kind of racism in itself—albeit an apparently benevolent type of racism in the eyes of its upholders. But some might call it a "racism of low expectations," as if a Muslim person is "supposed" to uphold appalling views, while others might call it "paternalistic racism."

    Another reason to neglect or downplay Arab antisemitism is the widespread bias against Israel. Achcar is a convinced anti-Zionist who has called the two-state solution, as recommended by the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, "a dishonorable surrender." He plays down the antisemitism of Hamas in order t delegitimize Israel and its defensive efforts. However, even in circumstances where prejudice against Israel is less evidently a factor, Arab Jew-hatred is still often ignored.
  235. In the Straightjacket of Anti-Zionism A critical review of Gilbert Achcar's The Arabs and the Holocaust by Matthias Küntzel and Colin Meade [25]
  236. Boaz Neumann, A Remorseless Apology, Azure Online, Autumn 5772 / 2011, no. 46]

    Indeed, the mufti was not satisfied merely with a request to close the gates of Palestine to European Jews. He also implored the Germans to send them to the death camps in Poland. Achcar is unable, and therefore does not try, to defend al-Husseini on this point. Indeed, he states explicitly that the Palestinian leader’s conduct was abhorrent. However, quoting from the mufti’s memoirs, he accepts the latter’s explanation that collaboration with Germany was carried out only in order to bring about the demise of Zionism. Haj Amin al-Husseini, Achcar writes, “was telling the truth when he said that he did not embrace National Socialist doctrine.” It remains unclear what Achcar is trying to achieve with this gratuitous interpretation. Even if there is something to it, and the mufti really wasn’t beguiled by Nazi ideology, but merely a loyal servant of Hitler’s regime—even then, what difference would it make?

    Likewise, Achcar bends over backward when explaining the conduct of another present-day Islamist, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad...
  237. Jeffrey Herf, "Not in Moderation," The New Republic, November 1, 2010.
  238. Fredrik Meiton, "Anti-Semitism and Ignorance", November 29, 2010.
    F. Meiton: The Arabs and the Holocaust.
    The Arabs and the Holocaust: The Arab-Israeli War of Narratives By Gilbert Achcar Metropolitan Books, 386 pp.

    ... But the book also suffers from some significant shortcomings. Its treatment of Arab anti-Semitism is incomplete, and the book is weighed down by a strong bias in favor of secular movements and a ferocious anti-Zionism that distracts from the main topic. More important, in his effort to counter the view that all Arabs are anti-Semites, Achcar goes too far in the other direction. He seems stubbornly insistent on contextualizing anti-Semitism out of existence, by a method that brings to mind the famous old dictionary definition of it as “hating Jews too much.”...

    Achcar does not give a clear picture of any popular support these anti-fascist groups enjoyed. For Palestine, he cites a Zionist intelligence report from December 1941, which estimated pro-Nazi sympathies among Palestinian Arabs at 60 percent, but claims the number is exaggerated. He does not mention the poll carried out by Sari al-Sakakini, which, in February 1941, put the figure at 88 percent. Achcar also neglects to mention the prominent Palestinian educator and liberal, Khalil al-Sakakini, Sari’s father, who, in his diary, expressed repeated support for the Nazis.

    IF, IN Achcar’s view, political self-interest makes up one of the missing pieces of contextualization of Arab pro-Nazi leanings, then the other is ignorance. Achcar repeatedly invokes pervasive “ideological poverty and confusion” and “sharply diverging levels of political education” in the Arab world. He laments “the alarmingly high proportion of ignorance and mindlessness among those who make public statements in the Arab world—a world governed, to its detriment, by regimes that generate just such ignorance and mindlessness.”

    This repeated use of ignorance as an explanatory—and exculpatory—factor is the book’s greatest flaw. Whenever Achcar encounters anti-Semitism alongside contradictory words or deeds, the former is automatically discounted. The presence of such contradictions, he assumes, proves that it is a matter of ignorance, and not of real anti-Semitism.

    In a telling section, Achcar recounts an incident that took place in 1936 during the Arab Revolt in Palestine. During a street demonstration in Tulkarm, a passing car was stopped, and one of its passengers, wearing a western-style hat, was assaulted. The man got out of the situation unscathed, however, by making the Nazi salute and shouting “Heil Hitler!” Having hoisted a Nazi flag over his car, the man drove off while the crowd cheered. Achcar does not deny that it was the man’s Nazi credentials that saved him. Nor would he deny, presumably, that had the man been Jewish, he would have been killed on the spot (as happened on numerous other occasions). Nevertheless, this does not qualify as anti-Semitism, according to Achcar. “The Arab population of Palestine would doubtless have detested Hitler had it known the real content of his doctrine,” he writes. The people acted out of simple “stupidity.”

    But Achcar’s argument fails to account for how anti-Semitism operates. By definition, anti-Semitism is ignorant. It is the mistaken view that Jews qua Jews possess certain characteristics. To reserve the label of anti-Semitism, a manifestly irrational idea, for those who profess it with intellectual consistency amounts to a circular reasoning by which hardly anyone qualifies.

    As Achcar’s own book makes evident, a fully fledged anti-Semitic ideology is by no means a prerequisite for violence directed specifically against Jews. One might also consult historian Christopher Browning’s book Ordinary Men about a German Ordnungspolizei Reserve Unit during the Second World War. Consisting mostly of middle-aged men of working-class background, the unit’s wartime charge was to round up Jews for transport to concentration camps in Poland. The Jews who did not fit onto the trains were to be shot. Despite having been given the option of transferring to other, less gruesome duties, most of the policemen performed their task diligently and without complaint. Browning’s point is that the Holocaust did not require personnel steeped in “eliminationist anti-Semitism,” but rather was made possible by the ready willingness of “ordinary men” without strong ideological proclivities one way or the other to commit atrocities. “If the men of Reserve Police Battalion 101 could become killers under such circumstances, what group of men cannot?” Browning concluded. Evil, it seems, remains as banal as when Hannah Arendt reported on it from Jerusalem in 1962.

    Achcar’s tendency to explain anti-Semitic incidents as the result of ignorance is present throughout the book, as are the problems that arise as a result. His discussion of the Farhud, the 1941 Baghdad pogrom, in which some 180 Jews were murdered, provides another example. Based on the highly questionable assumption that it is possible to extrapolate from that isolated incident, the Farhud has often been invoked as proof of a general pattern of anti-Semitic thought across the region. Achcar is right to reject this view, but here as elsewhere, his eagerness to counter the dominant narrative’s essentializing and reductionist tendencies causes him to present an equally reductionist mirror image.

    Achcar takes the prominent Middle East historian Bernard Lewis to task for inflating the numbers killed and for calling the Farhud “the first Axis-style attack on a Jewish community in an Arab land.” According to Achcar, this ignores the fact that a majority of Iraqis were opposed to the violence (a claim for which he offers no proof); that most of those who did participate were not motivated by anti-Semitism, but by the prospect of easy gain; and that many “unhesitatingly went to the Jews’ defense or provided them with aid, protection, and shelter.” Furthermore, he points out, the mob was violently suppressed (after two days) by the Iraqi Army, and many of the afflicted Jewish families subsequently received compensation from the Iraqi government.

    This is all well and good. But how does Achcar imagine this to be different from any of the European pogroms, whose anti-Semitic character is undisputed? Does he believe that they, in contrast to the Farhud, were all motivated by that curious brand of rational-irrational hatred of Jews for which Achcar insists on reserving the label “anti-Semitism”? If so, then his view differs sharply from most scholarship on the topic. This is perfectly legitimate, of course, but then he would do well to mount a case for why such scholarship is mistaken, rather than just assuming it to be so, and risk the reader’s mistaking his omission for ignorance.

    In another section with which one might take issue for similar reasons, Achcar reviews Nasser’s record of anti-Jewish statements. They too fail to meet the criteria of anti-Semitism, Achcar contends. Rather, Nasser was simply ignorant of the facts. In support of this view, Achcar points out that, for the most part, Nasser only uttered each claim once. Thus, only once did Nasser endorse the anti-Semitic canard The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (in 1958), only once did he refer to “the lie of the six million murdered Jews” (1964), only once did he make the claim that David Ben-Gurion had “killed as many Arabs as Hitler killed Jews” (1965), or that Israel “practiced forms of torture against the Palestinian Arab people worse than those Hitler practiced against the German Jews in the Second World War” (1970), and so on.

    Achcar goes on to speculate—“it is quite possible”—that Nasser’s advisors, each time, informed him of the factual inaccuracy of what he had said. Nasser, so informed, refrained from repeating the claim. This is certainly not beyond the realm of the possible. Other historians, however, might be forgiven for perceiving, where Achcar sees ignorance, a consistent pattern of anti-Semitic utterances running through the whole of Nasser’s presidency from 1954 to 1970.

    Achcar calls for paying greater attention to the distinction between anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism. For instance, the Protocols, which have gained widespread currency in the Arab world, need not necessarily be understood as an indication of anti-Semitism. Though an unequivocally anti-Semitic text on its continent of origin, in the Arab world, Achcar claims, the Protocols are understood to refer only to Zionists.

    Be that as it may, the claim raises another, more difficult question, which Achcar does not address. If, in the Arabic language, it is common practice to use “Jews” and “Israelis” interchangeably, and if the anti-Zionist rhetoric in the Middle East is itself based on anti-Semitic calumnies, such as the Protocols, and patently anti-Semitic Holocaust deniers, like Roger Garaudy, are celebrated across the region, how then are we to determine where anti-Zionism ends and anti-Semitism begins? Even if we accept that anti-Jewish stereotypes in the Arab world are understood to apply only to Israelis, does it stand to reason that people will be able to maintain the distinction? The increase in Europe of anti-Semitic violence committed by Muslims outraged by the Israeli occupation suggests otherwise.

    Achcar’s approach begs the question of what one hopes to accomplish by studying anti-Semitism. If it is to tease out various nuances in anti-Jewish thought, as an exercise of categorization and gradation, then Achcar’s approach makes perfect sense. But if the goal, rather, is to assess the presence and function of anti-Semitic modes of thought in the Arab world, then anti-Semitism of the indeterminate, inconsistent sort is crucially important. Indeed, to merely dismiss it as ignorance is to miss the point.

    ACHCAR’S BOOK offers a striking internal contradiction on a different score. In contrast to the great lengths to which Achcar is willing to go to attenuate the facts surrounding secular Arab anti-Semitism, he seems to have no qualms about laying into the Islamists.

    He does not mince words in his discussion of one of the founding fathers of contemporary Islamic fundamentalism, Rashid Rida, branding his late thought as “shameless borrowings from the most hackneyed commonplaces of the European anti-Semitism of the day.” In his treatment of Shakib Arslan, a prominent Islamist, Achcar offers abundant evidence of his anti-Semitism, calling scholars who have overlooked or downplayed it “indulgent.”

    Achcar even goes so far as to argue that the explanation for the link between Nazism and Islamism was a fundamental ideological affinity in their shared hatred of the Jews. This affinity and the cooperation it engendered prefigured all practical concerns. Writes Achcar, “The explanation [for Islamo-Nazi cooperation] lies in the hatred for the Jews that obsessed these two distinct worldviews, one religious and the other racial, both of which essentialized the enemy.” Achcar’s account thus amounts to a damning indictment of the entire Islamist movement that far outdoes most of the literature on the subject.

    Furthermore, the previous invocation of the logic of “my enemy’s enemy is my friend” as an extenuating circumstance cuts no ice with Achcar when the subject turns to Islamists. Talking about secular Arabs, Achcar writes, “while it may be necessary to strike an alliance with the devil under certain circumstances, it is never legitimate to become the devil’s advocate, and even less so to present the devil as an angel. Therein lies the difference between an alliance of convenience and full complicity.” But only a few pages on, this time in the context of discussing Islamists, Achcar asserts, “When ‘my enemy’s enemy’ is much worse than ‘my enemy’ from the standpoint of humanity as a whole, there can be no striking a pact, no matter what the pretext.”

    The latter view fits poorly with Achcar’s earlier praise of Palestinian liberals’ rejection of Nazism. If there can be no moral justification for supporting Nazism, even on pragmatic grounds, then the rejection of that ideology is hardly praiseworthy; it is merely upholding a baseline morality, like refraining from rape or murder.

    Achcar devotes a considerable portion of the book to the leader of the Palestinian national movement, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husseini. Spending the war years in Berlin, in close proximity to the Nazi top brass, Hajj Amin remained his “hosts’ Arab/Muslim collaborator par excellence.”

    While in Berlin, the Mufti did more than merely oppose Jewish immigration to Palestine. Hajj Amin actively participated in the war effort on behalf of the Nazis, including setting up an SS force of Bosnian Muslims. In a letter to the Hungarian minister, in June 1943, Hajj Amin urged him to prevent Jews from leaving for Palestine and went on to suggest that “it would be indispensable and infinitely preferable to send them to other countries where they would find themselves under active control, for example, in Poland, in order thereby to protect oneself from their menace and avoid the consequent damage.” He mentioned Poland, as Achcar points out, knowing full well about the concentration camps in operation there. Even after the war, Hajj Amin remained steadfast on the matter of his wartime support for the Germans. Had they won, he once lamented after the war, “no trace of the Zionists would have remained in Palestine and the Arab countries.”...

    IN THE final chapter of the book, Achcar discusses contemporary expressions of anti-Semitism in the Arab world. Like in previous chapters, Achcar points out that “the most important question” is the “real weight of anti-Semitism in today’s Arab world.” He poses the question, “Is the fantasy-based hatred of the Jews that was and still is typical of European racists…the equivalent of the hatred felt by Arabs enraged by the occupation and/or destruction of Arab lands?”

    Achcar, of course, thinks not. But saying that European anti-Semitism does not fully exhaust the meaning of its Middle Eastern analog is a truism. It does little but reiterate the obvious point that spatial and temporal contingencies shape all ideas as they manifest themselves in different historical contexts. Tracing an idea across space and time requires paying attention to the ways in which ideas adapt to and are transformed by different contexts. The challenge of any intellectual history is to determine what should be understood as a difference of degree and what of kind, and to decide when the operating assumption is continuity and when it is change. Achcar skirts this discussion. He often stresses in-kind differences and histories of change to acquit secular politicians and intellectuals, while identifying gradual differences and historical continuities in order to pass stern judgment on Islamic thinkers and movements...

    Considering the symbolic force of the Holocaust, it is crucial to maintain the distinction between a neo-Nazi shouting “Death to the Jews!” and a Palestinian shouting likewise, but who by “Jews” means “Israelis.” Context—political, cultural, or linguistic—matters. And while Palestinians have a legitimate gripe with Israel, the notion that they have one with world Jewry has to be rejected in the strongest possible terms. This requires an evenhanded approach to the issue. Mistakenly labeling something anti-Semitism that is not is as grave an error as failing to properly identify the real thing.

    Achcar’s book does not fully succeed in dealing with this problem. In addition to its unhelpfully narrow understanding of anti-Semitism, it suffers from a strident anti-Zionism that sits uneasily atop the book’s primary topic. As a result, one is left with the impression that Achcar succumbs to the very malady he purports to write against. And we continue playing politics with the Holocaust.
  239. Israel-Palestine: Lands and Peoples. United States: Berghahn Books, 2021. 279.
  240. Doron S. Ben-Atar, ‎Andrew Pessin, "Anti-Zionism on Campus: The University, Free Speech, and BDS," (Indiana University Press, 2018), pp. 184-5.

    In May 2012, I went to a Palestine society event at SOAS where the anti-Israel journalist Abdel Bari Atwan was due to speak. Atwan had once declared, "If Iranian missiles hit Israel, I will dance in Trafalgar Square," so I felt I had to be there to record what else he had to say about Israel's destruction to an audience of students. As soon as I started to film, I was pounced on by a group of students ordering me to stop filming. They tried to snatch my camera out of my hand, and one said to me, "You're a typical Israeli, you now that." I'm English. They wanted me to leave the auditorium, but I refused. It was my right to be there and to witness what was being said. It was a public event. They then removed my coat and bag from the seat next to me so I had no option but to leave and try to retrieve them.36 You won't be surprised to read that the statement released by the SOAS Student Union to defend the Palestine society had a paragraph about me, which read: "By now, we are well aware of his intentions. He first provokes, intimidates, and insults (including racially) speakers, organizers, or members of the audience and violates generally accepted conventions of public meetings." I then received an email from SOAS banning me from using my camera under threat of being banned from SOAS itself and possible legal action. I was informed that in the future I should ask in advance for permission to take photographs or film at any SOAS events, but I have been refused every time I have since asked. Similarly, a month before, I was also at SOAS to hear Amal Jamal, an Arab Israeli lecturer at Tel Aviv University, tell his student audience how downtrodden Arabs are within Israel. When it came to the Q&A after his talk, I asked Jamal how it was that he succeeded in Israel if Arabs were, in his view, so downtrodden.

    Professor Gilbert Achcar, who runs the Center for Palestine Studies at SOAS, immediately branded me a professional disrupter in front of everyone; announced that had he known I was attending the event, he would have barred my entry; and then told everyone that I had left insulting messages on his answering machine.
  241. Gilbert Achcar: "Arabs bear no responsibility (sic) for Holocaust", The JC, Nov 24, 2016.

    Gilbert Achcar is Professor of International Relations at SOAS and he has a new book out called The Arabs and the Holocaust: the Arab-Israeli War of Narratives. He gave a talk about his book on Tuesday to a very receptive audience of 200 students at SOAS...

    What hope is there when students applaud nonsense like this. If it wasn't bad enough having Ilan Pappe lecturing students full time at Exeter University his ideological twin is now doing the same at SOAS.

    The Arabs had a significant enough role in the Holocaust which makes Gilbert Achcar an Arab-role-in-the-Holocaust-denier.
  242. Adam Levick, On BBC, David Baddiel encounters SOAS professor excusing Palestinian Holocaust denial, Feb 19, 2021.; CAMERA On Campus UK Calls on British Universities to Address Ongoing Rise in Antisemitism, CAMERA, Feb 24, 2021.
    In a BBC 2 documentary hosted by comedian David Baddiel last month, SOAS professor Gilbert Achcar overtly excused the presence of Holocaust denial among Palestinians.
  243. 243.0 243.1 Sefer ha-shanah shel ha-'itona'im [Journalists' Yearbook]. Agudat ha-ʻitonaʾim be-Tel-Aviv, 1945. 319.
    The Arab press (published in and read in Israel [Palestine])

    In the West and the East, the press is an important factor in the awakening and unification of peoples. It arouses wider circles of public interest, raises the level of general education, helps to form public opinion, provides information on what is happening, brings East and West closer, broadens horizons. To some extent, the press also played this role. Many are its shortcomings, but quite a few of them depend on the public shortcomings for which it writes. Its social and political reduction. The Arab press knows how to stimulate the reader's feelings and passions. It is a nationalistic press - and knows how to safeguard national interests (as it interprets them). But it is also a business press and knows and its managers know their business, know how to turn internal and external events into a source of income. It also happens that a person pays the editorial for the right to publish an article. And the boundaries between awareness and the rest of the material are not always one hundred percent clear. There is a newspaper that publishes ads of Jewish companies accused on the same page of "[sic] sucking [sic] the blood of the Arab consumer." But as is well known, the contradiction between this conscience and business is not limited to the borders of the Arab press. The year of the birth of the Arab press in the country - if one turns a blind eye to the official newspaper - was 1908 the year of the revolution of the young Turks and the issuance of a constitution that untied the lines of supervision of the 'Abd al-Hamid regime. By 1914, there were 27 newspapers in the SS, most of them short-lived, and none of them were daily. As in the entire Arab East, the Arab Christians were pioneers of the newspapers in Israel as well.. Two were issued by the Histadrut (Union) and two by the Communists. After the events of 1929 and the political awakening that followed, the nature of the Arab press changed. The demand for the newspaper increased, the Muslims began to occupy an increasingly important place in the press, the daily press gained a more secure status. Accelerated development took place in the years of prosperity 1936-1933: the newspapers of the Hussein family, of the "Conference (i.e.: organization) of youth", of Sheikh al-Farouki, of the Istiqlal founded during this period reached their peak in the early days of the events. However, with the dissolution of the Arab Higher Committee and especially with the increase in internal terrorism, the newspapers disintegrated: As the general escape of the rich and educated Arab elite began to flee, the newspaper owners also fled. The war again caused many changes in the Arab press. Including difficulties in obtaining the paper and licenses. Censorship weighed heavily on newspapers with a democratic and anti-fascist tendency. The face of the 'surviving' press ("Falastin", "a-Difa", "a-Sirat") was determined by the factors of the time: the expansion of the world horizons by the news from the various slaughter fields, the tensions calming the crucial moments in the war. Israel), the attitude of the Arab public towards the "anti-Jewish" and pro-Jewish powers.

    A week before the end of the war in Europe, the editor of Al-Ittihad asked an 'important activist' about the meaning of the current trend in some newspapers (his intention was probably for 'Difa'e', but 'Falastin' had to adapt to its rival in order not to lose circulation) to highlight the speeches of Hitler and Himmler and the Warwolf, to deceive the reader as if Nazism still has hope to win, and to weaken confidence in the unity of the Western allies and SSSR. The important activist replied that this trend satisfies the will of the people and increases the distribution.

    ספר השנה של העתונאים. אגודת העיתונאים בתל-אביב, 1945. 319.

    העתונות הערבית (היוצאת בארץ והנקראת בה) במערב ובמזרח מהוה העתונות גורם חשוב להתעוררות עמים ולהתלכדותם. היא מעוררת חוגים רחבים יותר להתענינות ציבורית, מעלה את רמת ההשכלה הכללית, עוזרת להתהוות דעת קהל, מוסרת ידיעות על הנעשה, מקרבת מזרח ומערב, מרחיבה אפקים. במידת-מה מילאה העתונות גם את התפקיד הזה. ליקוייה רבים, אך לא מעטים מהם תלויים בליקויי הציבור שבשבילו היא כותבת. צמצומו החברתי והפוליטי. העתונות הערבית יודעת לגרות את הרגשות ואת היצרים של הקורא. היא עתונות לאומית - ויודעת לשמור על האינטרסים הלאומיים (כפי שהיא מפרשת אותם). אך היא גם עתונות עסקית ויודעת ומנהליה יודעים את עסקם, יודעים להפוך מאורעות פנימיים וחיצוניים למקור-הכנסה. קורה גם שאדם משלם למערכת בעד הזכות לפרסם מאמר. והגבולות בין המודעות ושאר החומר אינם תמיד ברורים במאה אחוז. יש שעתון מפרסם מודעות של חברות יהודיות הנאשמות באותו העמוד ב"מציצת דמו של הצרכן הערבי". אך כידוע הסתירה בזאת בין המצפון והעסק אינה מצטמצמת רק בגבולי העתונות הערבית. שנת הלידה של העתונות הערבית בארץ -- אם להעלים עין מהעתון הרשמי -- היתה 1908 שנת המהפכה של התורכים הצעירים ונתינת הקונסטיטוציה שהתירה את כבלי הפיקוחים של שלטון עבד אל-חמיד. עד 1914 הופיעו בס"ה 27 עתונים, רובם קצרי-נשימה, ואף אחד מהם לא היה יומי. כמו בכל המזרח הערבי, היו הנוצרים הערבים חלוצי העתונות גם בא"י. שניים הוצאו על ידי "ההסתדרות" ושניים על ידי הקומוניסטים. אחרי המאורעות של 1929 וההתעוררות הפוליטית שבאה אחריהם, נשתנה האופי של העתונות הערבית. הדרישה לעתון גברה, המוסלמים התחילו לתפוש מקום חשוב יותר ויותר בעתונות, העתונות היומית כבשה לעצמה מעמד בטוח יותר. התפתחות מזורזת חלה בשנות השיגשוג 1936-1933: העתונים של משפחת החוסיינים, של "ועידת (כלומר : ארגון) הנוער", של השיך אל־פארוקי, של האיסתיקלאליים שנוסדו בתקופה הזאת הגיעו לשיא פריחתם בראשית ימי המאורעות. אולם עם פיזור הועד הערבי העליון וביחוד עם התגברות הטרור הפנימי התפוררו העתונים: כשהתחילה הבריחה הכללית של הצמרת הערבית העשירה והמשכילה לחו"ל ברחוּ גם בעלי העתונים. המלחמה גרמה שוב שינויים רבים בעתונות הערבית. ובו קשיי השגת הנייר והרשיונות. הצנזורה הכבידה את עולה דוקא על עתונים בעלי מגמה דימוקרטית ואנטי־פשיסטית. פרצוף העתונות שנשארה לפליטה ("פלשתין", "א־דיפאע" , "א־סיראט") נקבע על ידי גורמי הזמן: הרחבת האפקים העולמית על ידי הידיעות משדות הקטל השונים, המתיחות שליותה את הרגעים המכריעים במלחמה (גם בחינת הפתרון של בעית ארץ־ ישראל), יחס הציבור הערבי כלפי המעצמות ה"אנטי - יהודיות" והפרו־יהודיות". שבוע לפני סיום המלחמה באירופה שאל עורך "אל־איתיחאד" ל"עסקן חשוב", על פשר המגמה הקיימת אצל עתונים אחדים (כוונתו היתה כנראה ל"א דיפאע" , אך "פלשתין" היה מוכרח להתאים את עצמו ליריבו כדי לא לרדת בתפוצה) להבליט את נאומי היטלר והימלר ואת הוורוולף, להשלות את הקורא כאילו לנאציזם עוד תקוה לנצח, ולהחליש את האמון באחדות בנות-הברית המערביות וססס"ר. העסקן החשוב ענה שהמגמה הזאת משביעה את רצון העם ומגדילה את התפוצה.

  244. 244.0 244.1 Hitler's will - a candle on their way, ha-Tsofeh, Jan 2, 1946.
    Yesterday, on (civil) New Year the, Arab newspapers in Jaffa published the will of Hitler with great prominence. The Ad-Difaa (Al Difa) outdid itself in honor of the Christian holiday and brought at the top of the issue a picture of the "Fuhrer."
    - הצופה, כ"ט טבת, תש"ו] צוואת היטלר —‬ נר לדרכם. אתמול ראש השנה האזרחית, פירסמו העתונים הערבים ביפו בהבלטה יתירה את צוואתו של היטלר בהבלטה יתירה "אדיפאע" הגדיל לעשות לכבוד החג הנוצרי ‬‬‬‬ והביא בראש הגליון את תמונתו של ה"פיהרר"]
  245. 245.0 245.1 HaMashkif, June 4, 1946.
    An Arab newspaper about "Hitler the Great Leader". "Adolf Hitler, the lost European man" - an article of this name with a picture on "the greatest [sic] leader who rose in Germany" was published in the latest issue of "alwahda" (الوحدة) the Arab weekly in Jerusalem.

    [עיתון ערבי על "היטלר המנהיג הגדול". "אדולף היטלר, איש אירופה שאבד" — מאמר בשם זה עם תמונה על "המנהיג הגדול ביותר שקם בגרמניה" התפרסם בגליון האחרון של "אלויחדא" השבועון הערבי בירושלים.]
    [Note, the Alwahda weekly newspaper was founded on October 20, 1945 by 'Abd al-Salam al-Husseini, and published until December 12, 1947. Identified with the Arab Higher Committee.]

  246. Palestinian Leader Farouq Qaddoumi: We Supported The Nazis In WWII, Memri, December 18, 2013
    In an interview with Russia Today TV on December 7, 2013, Farouq Qaddoumi, former PLO political bureau head, said: "I don't think it would be wrong to say that we were enthusiastic supporters of Germany" in World War II.

    Former political bureau head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) removes any doubt over Arab support for Nazi Germany. If anyone has had doubts about the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) support for the Nazis, recent remarks by one of its leaders should make things clearer. In an interview with Russia Today TV on December 7, Farouq Qaddoumi, the former political bureau head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), said that Arabs were “enthusiastic supporters” of the Nazis during World War II. The remarks were translated by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

    “I don't think it would be wrong to say that we were enthusiastic supporters of Germany,” Qaddoumi said in the interview, when asked by the interviewer, “Were you sympathetic with Nazi Germany in WWII?” The interviewer, seeking to clarify, then said, “You supported Hitler and his people.” Qaddoumi replied, “Germany, yes. This was common among the Palestinians, especially since our enemy was Zionism, and we saw that Zionism was hostile to Germany, and vice versa.” These remarks are just the latest evidence of the Arab support for Nazis and for genocide of Jews. Recently, MEMRI posted clips from two separate rallies at Al-Quds University, in which Islamic Jihad members, cheered on by other students, take part in a live performance at which they brandish imitation assault rifles and black Islamist flags, and give Nazi salutes. The live "show" features terrorists killing Israeli soldiers and executing a "collaborator", who is denounced as a "traitor" and a "spy", and suggests that the initial pictures, which were first released by British journalist Tom Gross, were not from a one-off incident but evidence of a much wider phenomenon. Many Israelis point to the lionization of Nazi and other anti-Semitic figures as a reason to doubt the sincerity of the Palestinian Authority's commitment to any future peace agreement. Just this past October, for example, Jewish motorists were horrified to see a Nazi flag flying over a major road near the Arab town of Beit Umar. The flag had apparently been placed there by residents of the town, located near Hevron. That incident was in fact the second occasion in which Beit Umar residents had flown a Nazi flag over the same highway, in an apparent "gesture" to their Jewish neighbors. Later that same month, a youth magazine linked to the Palestinian Authority published a list of "famous quotes" from none other than Adolf Hitler, aimed at glorifying the Nazi leader. Also in October, reacting to ongoing incidents of incitement and anti-Semitism by the Palestinian Authority, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu noted the deep link between the Palestinian national movement and Germany's Nazi regime. Netanyahu noted that Haj Amin Al-Husseini, the founder of "Palestinian nationalism", was an admirer and supporter of Adolf Hitler, had met the Nazi Fuhrer on numerous occasions and was actively involved in encouraging Hitler and his henchmen in their project of annihilating the Jewish people.

    PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas has consistently said that any future Palestinian state would be free of Israelis and Jews. [26].
  247. 247.0 247.1 Maariv – מעריב, 29 April 1949

    Twice in the last few years we have witnessed joint operations of these two sides, and although they ended in failure, they have greatly helped to increase understanding and friendship between them. First, the Arabs extended a helping hand to the Nazis. This was during the war, when for some time it seemed that Germany's hand was on the top. There is hardly a single Arab leader today who in those days was not an ally of Nazi Germany. The Nazi-Arab partnership flourished at a time when the war was close to the gates of our country, and names such as Rashid Ali, Amin al-Husseini, etc. still symbolize the "glorious" period of this idyll. The ending, as recalled, was not so glorious. The Nazis were defeated, and the Arab leaders who casted their lot with Berlin were scattered everywhere: some to Moscow, some to Paris, some to Riyadh. Their process of dinificification was very short. They changed the horse and everything was ready to forget the past. One by one, Kawkaji, Rashid Ali and the Mufti returned to the Middle East. And no one prevented them from returning to their previous positions. It was not long before the partnership was renewed. This time the Arabs were in distress, and the Nazis felt their help. They came from the captivity camps, from the "DPs" centers, from the conquered German cities — from everywhere from which it was possible to reach the Middle East. Have we already forgotten those days, when German and Yugoslav Nazis would cooperate with the Arab gangs and serve as advisers, experts and guides?

    This time the partnership was short and glorious the defeat ahead came. And it was the Nazi aides who were scattered everywhere. To this day it is not known what happened to them.

    מוסלי מהמבורג [נאצי מדמשק? ערבי מהאמבורג?] ... פעמיים במשך השנים האחרונות היינו עדים למיבצעים משותפים של שני הצדדים הללו, ואם כי הם נסתיימו בכשלון, הרי הם סייעו הרבה להגברת ההבנה והידידות ביניהם. תחילה הושיטו הערבים יד עוזרת לנאצים. זה היה בימי המלחמה, כאשר במשך כמה זמן נדמה היה כי ידה של גרמניה על העליונה. אין כמעט אף מנהיג ערבי אחד של ימינו שבאותם הימים לא היה בעל ברית לגרמניה הנאצית. השותפות הנאצית־ערבית שגשגה ביותר בשעה שהמלחמה היתה קרובה לשערי ארצנו, ושמות כגון ראשיד עלי, אמין אל־חוסייני וכו' מסמלים עד היום את תקופת "הזוהר" של האידיליה הזאת. הסוף, כזכור, לא היה כל כך מפואר. הנאצים נחלו תבוסה, והמנהיגים הערביים שהשליכו את יהבם על ברלין, נתפזרו לכל עבר: מי למוסקבה, מי לפאריס, מי לריאד. תהליך הדינאציפיקצה שלהם היה קצר מאד. הם החליפו את הסוס והכל היו מוכנים לשכוח את העבר. בזה אחר זה חזרו למזרח התיכון גם קאוקג'י, גם ראשיד עלי וגם המופתי. ואיש לא מנע מהם לחזור ולתפוס את עמדותיהם הקודמות. לא עבר זמן רב, והשותפות נתחדשה. הפעם הערבים היו במצוקה, והנאצים חשו לעזרתם. הם באו ממחנות השבי, ממרכזי "העקורים מערי גרמניה המנוצחת, מכל מקום‭ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ שממנו אפשר היה להגיע למזרח התיכון. האם כבר שכחנו את הימים ההם, שבהם נאצים גרמניים ויוגוסלביים היו משתפים פעולה עם הכנופיות הערביות ומשמשים להן יועצים, מומחים ומדריכים? הפעם הזאת היתה השותפות קצרה ובלתי מפוארת התבוסה הקדימה לבוא. והעוזרים הנאצים הם שנתפזרו לכל עבר. עד היום לא ידוע מה היה בגורלם.

  248. Voices from the Arab press: 'Haj Muhammad Hitler' The Media Line. The Jerusalem Post, December 10, 2020.
    The strange convergence between Nazism and Islamic jihad was most apparent during World War II, when Amin al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, traveled to Berlin to meet with Hitler, declaring jihad against the Allies, led by Britain. In fact, there were rumors floating throughout the Arab world that Husseini gave Hitler the title “Haj Muhammad Hitler” after teaching him the theory of Islamic martyrdom.

    Following World War II and the defeat of Nazism, the Western world finally rid itself of fascist movements that espoused radical ideologies. But in the East, and especially in the Arab world, the concept of political Islam continued to develop and grow into a destructive ideology. The West isolated itself against ideological extremism by uprooting Nazism, while in the Arab world, thousands of Hitler sympathizers grew up speaking Arabic and professing Islam.

    Unfortunately, while Europe escaped its problematic legacy with Nazism, the Middle East became a hotbed for many of its radical ideologies. While Europe turned its face toward freedom and democracy, many in the Arab world, inspired by “Haj Muhammad Hitler,” began openly adopting Islamic fascism.

    – Hussam al-Adli .. Translated by Asaf Zilberfarb.

  249. Tibor Krausz, "The Swastika and the Crescent," The Jerusalem Report, June 1, 2015.
    The Nazis went out of their way to court the Muslim world with varying degrees of success, and the malignant legacy of their efforts remains with us

    In the end, despite Hitler's best efforts, a grand Nazi-Islamic alliance wasn't to be, not least because the Germans had underestimated the deep-seated ethnic and tribal differences among Muslims by mistaking them to be a homogenous group with a unified agenda. To the end, Hitler rued the Third Reich's failure in rousing Muslims en masse to his cause in plaintive laments to his private secretary Martin Bormann.

    Yet the Nazis did succeed in one thing: poisoning the mind of many a Muslim against Jews. Anti-Semitic tropes propagated by the Third Reich, from medieval Christian blood libels to virulent conspiracy theories, have been grafted seamlessly onto old Islamic anti-Jewish prejudices, thereby gaining a new lease on life in the Muslim world. That's why it's not only the Nazis' wartime dalliance with Islam that should hold our interest but also numerous surviving Nazi stalwarts' symbiotic postwar relationships with Middle Eastern regimes, under whose shelter they sought refuge from being held to account for war crimes.

    Arab states welcomed Nazi war criminals, some 4,000 of them, with open arms. "No Arab country ever expelled any of them," Rubin and Schwanitz point out, "but instead shielded [them] from prosecution" and employed them as military advisors, intelligence operatives and propagandists. Erstwhile Nazis like the rabidly anti-Jewish SS major Johann von Leers, who relocated to Cairo, converted to Islam and reinvented himself as Omar Amir von Leers, and Adolf Eichmann's right-hand man Alois Brunner, who found a new home in Damascus, proved themselves useful as avidly virulent anti-Zionist propagandists for their hosts. Others like Brunner's former boss, who was hiding out in Argentina, acted as cheerleaders for a united Arab offensive against Israel. With a book he was writing before his capture by the Mossad in 1960, Eichmann planned to lend succor to the ongoing demonization of the nascent Jewish state, as it has recently been revealed.

    "Israeli bayonets are now overrunning the Egyptian people... Israeli air squadrons are bombing peaceful Egyptian villages and towns," Eichmann opined in the unpublished manuscript in 1956 apropos the Suez Canal war that year. "Who are the aggressors here? Who are the war criminals? The victims are Egyptians, Arabs, Mohammedans ... [The Jews] are the main aggressor and perpetrator against humanity in the Middle East."

    That assessment has long since turned from a fringe opinion into a mainstream view on the Israeli-Arab conflict. If not for his genocidal record, Eichmann might well now be hailed by many self-styled "anti-Zionists" in the West as a prophetic voice on the Middle East. He may yet be hailed as such in spite of it.
  250. 250.0 250.1 250.2 Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. United States: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967, p. 4413. The Israel Victory and Arab-Russian Doublespeak Extension of Remarks Hon. Theodore R. Kupperman Of New York To The House of Representatives Wednesday, August 30, 1967 -THE ISRAEL VICTORY AND ARAB-RUSSIAN DOUBLE TALK - CIA - ADL Bulletin, September, 1967. [27].
    ’The Grand Mufti and His Friends’ by Sid Goldberg

    Mr. Goldberg is editor of the North American Newspaper Alliance, a major newspaper syndicate.

    Grand Mufti. The irony of charging Israel with "Nazism" is revealed in the Arab record before, during, and after World War II.

    ON June 20 President Nureddin El Atassi of Syria cold the United Nations General Assembly that "The Arab people is indeed being subjected today to an operation of extermination surpassing in dimensions what the Nazis did." The day before, Premier Aleksei N. Kosygin of the Soviet Union cold the same group that Israel's behavior "brings to mind the [sic] heinous crimes perpetrated by the Fascists during World War II." Radio Cairo compared Israeli administrators in Gaza to [sic] "Nazi Gauleiters." Other Arab and Soviet propaganda mills referred to the "Hitlerite death merchants" of [sic] Israel, to "Moshe Dayan's [sic] storm troopers," and to what they charged were "Zionist plans for [sic] genocide."

    The irony, of course, is that thousands of Israelis are the sole survivors of families that vanished in the Nazi furnaces. But doubly ironic is the fact that the Soviet and Arab accusers of Israel stand guilty of their own charges. It was Soviet Russia that signed a nonaggression pact with Nazi Germany in 1939, a pact which was ultimately broken by Germany, not Russia. Some of the other communist countries which accused Israel of [sic] "walking the Hitlerite path" also know that route very well. Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania and Slovakia not only were allies of Nazi Germany in World War II but had native Nazi movements that vied in viciousness with the German.

    What is less known is the record of the Arabs in World War II. President El-Atassi told the General Assembly, "the Arabs fought in both world wars and contributed to the liberation of Europe from Nazism and to the realization of allied victory."

    THE FACT is that Syria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Lebanon did not declare war on Germany until February, 1945, when the war was little more than a mopping up operation by the allies. The Arab declarations of war were made in late February because attendance at the forthcoming San Francisco conference, setting up the United Nations, required a declaration of war on Germany no later than March 1.

    The only Arab state that played any military role in the war was Transjordan, which declared war on Germany as early as Transjordan was totally dependent on British grants for its existence, and its army, the Arab legion, was in effect a part of the British Army, under British officers. Iraq declared war on Germany in 1943 after it was clear the Nazis were losing. Before that, pro-nazi sentiment was powerful in Baghdad, and a Nazi puppet government was installed there in 1941 under Rashid Ali, who went so far as to declare war on Britain. Rashid Ali received congratulations from Arab leaders in Egypt (including King Farouk), Lebanon, and Syria.

    The latter permitted German bombers and transports to land on its fields while the Nazi regime lasted in Baghdad. The whole temper of the Arab world before and during World War II was neutralist at best, pro-nazi at worst. When Italian troops in August, 1940, invaded Egyptian territory, Egypt did not consider this a cause for war. The fighting was left to the British. Even General Erwin Rommel's invasion of Egypt, in May, 1941, couldn't nudge the Egyptians into a declaration of war. And so strong was the pro-nazi sentiment in Egypt that when Premier Ahmed Maher did declare war-on February 24, he was assassinated while reading the Royal Decree. Arab fighting during World War II was on the side of the Nazis.

    Several thousand Arab volunteers were mobilized into Nazi units by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Hitler's man in the Middle Ease. The Mufti, (Haj Amin El-Husseini), who operated out of Berlin from 1941 co 1945, organized his pro-nazi Arabs into sabotage squads, espionage cells and a fighting unit called the Arab legion. The Mufti also helped organize the Moslems of Bosnia and other Balkan areas into special SS Units called "The Black legions." He praised them as the "cream of Islam" and they were dispatched to the Eastern front in the Caucasus to stir Soviet Moslems into an anti-communist crusade. Some 3,000 of these Mufti troops were held prisoners of war as late as 1946 in Camp Opelika, Alabama.

    The Grand Mufti was among the most popular Arab leaders before, during and after the war. So effective was his hate sputtering oratory that few if any Arab leaders dared oppose him. As spiritual and political leader of the Palestine Arabs he had learned to hate Jews in the '20's and '30's as their numbers increased in the land of Zion.

    Now 71... the Mufti had been Hitler's chief advisor on Arab affairs and the friend and confidante of Adolf Eichmann. Gideon Hausner, chief prosecutor at the Eichmann trial in Israel, established that "the Mufti asked Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler co provide him, after the war, when he planned co enter Jerusalem at the head of the axis troops, with a 'special adviser' from Eichmann's department to help him solve the Jewish question in the same way as it had been done in the axis countries. Eichmann offered the job co his assistant, Dieter Wisliceny."

    The Grand Mufti spread his anti Jewish venom throughout the war over radio Berlin. He praised the Germans for "knowing how to get rid of Jews." He urged his Arab listeners to "kill the Jews wherever you find them." He gave the number of Jews "still to be dealt with" (in 1944) as 11 million, representing the Jewish populations of America, Russia and other countries beyond Hitler's reach. All this would signify no more than the ravings of one madman-except that the Mufti was returned to his role after the war as leader of the Palestine question.

    He directed policy from a lavish and fortified home in Cairo and, as one of the Arab delegates to the United Nations in 1947 said, "the Mufti is the irrefutable leader of the Holy Land Arabs."

    To THIS DAY none of the Arab leaders has repudiated the Grand Mufti, or his pro-nazi assistants who worked with him in Berlin during the war. Nor is this tolerance of a Nazi in their midst surprising. Egypt, the chief victim of the "Hitlerite" Israelis, has given sanctuary to hundreds of former Nazis, among them up to 100 of Hitler's rocket and missile experts. Also in Egypt, according to the latest information from the Anti-Defamation League, are the following:

    -Colonel Naam Al-Nashar, formerly Leopold Gleim, who was head of German security in Poland. He arrived in Egypt in 1955 and organized the Egyptian security service along Nazi lines.

    -Lt. Col. Ben Sala, formerly Bernard Bender, a storm trooper still on the Polish list of war criminals. He is head of the Jewish Department of the Egyptian security service.

    - Hassan Soliman, formerly Heinrich Sellmann, wanted by West Germany for crimes committed while he was Gestapo chief in Ulm. He now holds a senior position in the Secret Police in Cairo.

    -Col. Ahim Fahumi, formerly Dr. Heinrich Willermann, wanted by West Germany for sterilization experiments he conducted in several Nazi concentration camps. He now runs the Egyptian political prison at Samara, near Alexandria.

    - Louis Al-Haj, formerly Louis Heiden, director of a Nazi press agency in Berlin. He is now an adviser to President Nasser and it was he who prepared a pocket-sized Arabic translation of Mein Kampf for Egyptian officers.

    - Ibraham Mustafa, formerly Joachim Daemling, wanted by West Germany for crimes committed in Dusseldorf while a storm trooper there. He is an adviser to the Cairo police on concentration camps.

    - Ali Mohammed, formerly George Brunner, one of Eichmann's assistants, in charge of deportation of Jews from Greece. He now works in the Egyptian propaganda industry. The list goes on and on. The Arabs, by raising a "Nazi issue," convict only themselves.

    IN WORLD WAR II, 1,300,000 Jews were in uniform in the Allied Armies. In Palestine, 85,800 Jewish men and 50,400 Jewish women volunteered for war service; 27,028 Palestine Jews served with the British forces in various Middle East, North African and European fronts, many in the most hazardous missions. What made a mockery of the United Nations "debate" was that the Communists and Arabs well know their respective roles in World War II.

    Their statements in the General Assembly would have made Joseph Goebbels proud. Dr. Goebbels, incidentally, was royally welcomed in Cairo on the eve of the war.
  251. Massuah, vols 1-3, (1973-5). [28]. לקחים היסטוריים תודעת השואה ובטחון ישראל קובץ ב' של "משואה" מופיע לאחר המבחנים הקשים בהם עמדנו מאז מלחמת יום-הכיפורים... אל נא נשכח שמטרותיהם המוצהרות של הקיצונים מבין הערבים דומות מאוד ולעתים אף זהות עם עקרונותיהם של הנאצים, מהם הם שואבים את רעיונותיהם השטניים ואת שיטותיהם הנפשעות. התעמולה האנטישמית בארצות ערב זרעה שנאה לא למדינת ישראל בלבד אלא ליהודים בכלל. על הציונים דיברו וכתבו בארצות ערב כמו על נאצים. עתונאים ערבים היללו את אדולף היטלר "הגבור [כאילו] שנפל במלחמה [כאילו] קדושה". ב-25 השנים האחרונות, מאז הקמת מדינת ישראל , פורסמה ספרות רחבה במצרים ובלבנון שהעתיקה את תורת הגזע וקראה לג'נוסייד נגד הציונים והישראלים. ספרים אלה פורסמו לא פעם ע"י הוצאות רשמיות וממשלתיות. הגזענות הוחדרה אפילו לספרי הלימוד של ילדי מדינות ערב. לא במקרה היינו נאלצים לפסול חלקים מספרי הלימוד שהיו מקובלים בירדן וברצועת עזה , תחת הכבוש הירדני והמצרי. "הפרוטוקולים של זקני ציון" פורסמו בחסות הממשלה המצרית ועל חשבונה. מאז ימי הנאצים היתה קהיר המקום היחיד שם פורסמו "פרוטוקולים" אלה והופצו ברבים. נאצר בעצמו המליץ בפני מבקרים אצלו על ספר זה "המאפשר לראות פנימה את תחבולות היהודים". הבה נזכור שמנהיגים חשובים של מדינות ערב דהיום היו בין המצפים לנצחון הנאצים במלחמת העולם השניה ואחדים מביניהם הם ממעריציו של היטלר, מפמליתו בני-בריתו. מפקדת בנות הברית בקהיר, בימי מלחמת העולם השניה, מנעה בכוח התפתחות דומה במצרים לזו שאירעה עם מרד רשיד עלי בבגדאד. המופתי הירושלמי חג' אמין אל חוסייני שכרת ברית עם היטלר וקיווה להשמדת הישוב העברי בארץ, לא התקשה למצוא לו עוזרים ותעמלנים בקרב מדינת ערב. "מיין קאמף" , הפרוטוקולים של "זקני ציון" וחוברות תעמולה דומות אינן ספרות פסולה כיום בארצות ערב. אמנם ישנם כיום מנהיגים ערבים, סופרים ועתונאים, המתביישים בפרסומים אלה, אולם טרם ניתנה הוראה להשמיד ספרות תעמולה זוועתית זו. כאשר נפגשו הערבים בשטחים עם חיילנו ועם אזרחי ישראל, הם הופתעו לראות יחס אנושי כלפיהם ולא האמינו למראה עיניהם ואמרו: "היהודים אינם שונאים אותנו ואפשר לחיות עם הישראלים"... הערבים הודו בפנינו ומודים גם היום כי לוא היו הם המנצחים במלחמת ששת הימים, היו נוהגים בנו אחרת, ומי יודע לאיזו שחיטות וזוועות היה העולם עד במקרה כזה".
  252. 252.0 252.1 Gabriel Ben-Ami, "Look who's talking about Nazism," First Class News1, July 17, 2009.

    The truth is that, internally, the Arab world, and especially the Palestinians, have never hidden their sympathy for Nazism. After World War II, many Arab countries even opened their doors to fleeing Nazi war criminals, and some were drafted into the military effort to strike Israel (among them, Nasser's missile scientists). Giving the first name "Hitler" to Arab children is a legitimate phenomenon, and it is not uncommon to find names of Palestinians such as Hitler Saleh, Hitler Abu-Alrab or Hitler Mahmoud Abu-Libeda and more. Nazi literature, such as Hitler's book Mein Kampf, is also very popular throughout the Muslim world, including in the Palestinian Authority, which is ostensibly negotiating peace with Israel.

    Ties between neo-Nazi movements and Islamist movements such as al-Qaeda and Hamas are also documented. Joint training camps of neo-Nazis and PLO terrorists operated for years in Lebanon, before the PLO war, while in the period before the Second Gulf War, neo-Nazis from Western countries settled in Baghdad, in defense of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. Throughout the years and even today, neo-Nazi and racist militants in Europe and America maintain close ties with Palestinian and Islamist terrorist organizations. But for foreign purposes, the Palestinian Arab movement and its supporters in the West present the opposite view.
  253. A NEW ANTISEMITIC MYTH IN THE MIDDLE EAST MEDIA: The September 11 Attacks Were Perpetrated by the Jews - Foreword, Memri, May 1, 2002.
  254. Daniel Pen Tweeted (Feb 2, 2019):
    This answer should be published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs worldwide. A poll published by Edy Cohen in Arabic on Twitter. About 1,500 voters so far. 80 percent of them would have pardoned Adolf Hitler in an imaginary scenario in which he was alive and on trial. The Arab world is neo-Nazi in the full sense of the word.

    -

    إيدي كوهين אדי כהן (@EdyCohen) Tweeted:

    If Adolf Hitler was alive today and was tried, what do you think is the sentence that the leader of the German Third Reich deserves..?? execution 22.6% innocence 77.4% 8,894 votes · Final results 10:16 AM Feb 2, 2019.

    [لو كان أدولف هتلر على قيد الحياة اليوم .. وتمت محاكمته ، ما هو برأيكم الحكم الذي يستحقه زعيم الرايخ الثالث الألماني .. ?؟

    22.6% اعدام

    77.4 براءة]

  255. Neo-Nazis, White Supremacists Attempt To Revive WWII-Era Nazi-Palestinian Alliance: Gaza Conflict Provides Opportunity For Them To Promote And Actualize 'Final Solution,' With Online And On-The-Ground Efforts, Emerging Support For Terror Groups Hamas And Hizbullah And For Their Shared Mission Of Attacking Jews Worldwide, Memri, Oct 6, 2021
  256. 256.0 256.1 256.2 256.3 "Nativ." (The Committee for the Publication of Nativ, 2003). Issues 1-3, p. 46.

    ... why did it turn into an anti-Semitic-Nazi-racial persecution that is now flooding the Muslim world? Main Kampf, from the first publications published in Ramallah after the territory was transferred to the Palestinian Authority. The book was a hit as soon as it was published - in 2000 the fifth edition was printed. According to the British historian David Price Jones, Hitler's admiration for the Arab world stems first and foremost from the ease with which he succeeded in exterminating Jews. A study by the German government among Arab youth in the State of Israel revealed that Hitler is at the top of the list of young boys' figures they admire... A historical description may begin at the dawn of the last century: it was around 1900, with the growing influence of Europeans in the Middle East, and with the active spread of anti-Semitism by European colonists, extreme anti-Semitism began - as an extreme orderly-doctrine - "to spread among both Christian Arabs and Muslims." The British themselves appointed the infamous anti-Semite, Haj Amin al-Husseini, as the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Much of the Mufti's early material comes from the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion," a document that focuses on accusing J.. of being servants of Satan, which connects to democracy, capitalism, and socialism, and does not focus on racial categories. To find true racist anti-Semitism, we must look at the intrusions perpetrated by the Nazis in the Middle East before and during World War II, exploiting the feelings of Arab populations eager to get rid of British and French imperialism. This is a well-known story, and so is the collaboration of the Mufti of Jerusalem in deepening these intrusions. Sayyid Qutb, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood and his secular enemy, Egyptian President Abdel Nasser, both continued anti-Semitic propaganda after the war, combining accusations of "devilish work" taken from "protocols" with "racism." In displaying a thing and its opposite reserved for the nightmare kingdom of propaganda, in which the principle of non-contradiction is suspended in favor of a rather malicious target, some Arabs began accusing Isr.. of [sic] Nazi racism, as did the first chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Ahmad Shukeiri. The "logic" is something like this: Hitler was right in his attempt to exterminate the Jews; however, the Holocaust [sic] was not and was not created, although it should have existed; the Jews killed Muslims / Arabs - that is, the J..s are the real Nazis. (We assume the conclusion is that the Jews killed the wrong people and had to finish Hitler's job and kill... themselves).

    To complete the cycle, the current PLO chairman, Yasser Arafat, calls the grand mufti: 'our hero', claiming that he was "one of his soldiers" in the 1948 war.

    However, the presentation of an ideology is not enough to explain its spread. The explanation lies in its political benefit.

    The political benefits that the Arabs in the Middle East derived from Nazi racial propaganda in the 1930s and 1940s stood in contrast to the capitalist and democratic regimes that ruled the region. Although these regimes were in retreat, the commercial regimes of Israel and the United States, the "little satan" and the "Great satan," took their place as beneficial targets for the Muslim political elites in the region.

    ‫נתיב‬‎. Israel: ‫הוועד להוצאת נתיב‬‎, 2003. Issues 1-3 .עמ' 46.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    בכל זאת, למרות ההודאה כי שנאת יהודים היא חלק בלתי נפרד מן האיסלאם, מדוע נתגלגלה לרדיפת־גזע אנטישמית־נאצית, המציפה עתה את העולם המוסלמי? أدول هتلر MEIN KAMPF ) بیسان מיין קאמפף , מן הפרסומים הראשונים שראו אור ברמאללה לאחר שהשטח הועבר לרשות הפלשתינית. הספר היה ללהיט מיד עם הופעתו - בשנת 2000 דווח על הדפסת המהדורה החמישית. על־פי ההיסטוריון הבריטי דיוויד פרייס ג'ונס, הערצת היטלר בעולם הערבי נובעת בראש וראשונה מן הקלות שבה עלה בידו להשמיד יהודים. מחקר של ממשלת גרמניה בקרב הנוער הערבי במדינת ישראל העלה שהיטלר נמצא בראש רשימת הדמויות הנערצות עליהם. תיאור היסטורי עשוי להתחיל בשחר המאה הקודמת: יהיה זה בשנת 1900 בערך, עם ההשפעה הגוברת של האירופים במזרח התיכון, ועם הפצת האנטישמיות באופן פעיל על־ידי קולוניסטים אירופיים, החלה אנטישמיות קיצונית - כמשנה סדורה קיצונית - "להתפשט הן בקרב ערבים נוצרים והן בקרב המוסלמים". הבריטים עצמם מינו את האנטישמי הנודע לשמצה, חאג' אמין אל-חוסייני, למופתי הגדול של ירושלים. חלק ניכר מן החומר המוקדם של המופתי מקורו ב"פרוטוקולים של זקני ציון", מסמך המתמקד בהאשמת היהודים כעובדי השטן, המתחברים אל הדמוקרטיה , הקפיטליזם והסוציאליזם, ואינו מתמקד בקטגוריות של גזע. כדי למצוא אנטישמיות גזענית אמיתית, עלינו להתבונן בחדירות שביצעו הנאצים במזרח התיכון לפני ובמשך מלחמת העולם השנייה, תוך שהם מנצלים את רגשותיהם של האוכלוסיות הערביות, הלהוטות להיפטר מן האימפריאליזם הבריטי והצרפתי. זהו סיפור ידוע היטב, וכמוהו גם שיתוף הפעולה של המופתי של ירושלים בהעמקתן של חדירות אלה. סייד קוטוב מייסד תנועת האחים המוסלמים ואויבו החילוני, נשיא מצרים - עבד אל נאצר שניהם המשיכו בתעמולה אנטישמית אחרי המלחמה, תוך שילוב האשמה ב"עבודת השטן" הלקוחה מן "הפרוטוקולים", עם "תורת הגזע". באחד ממופעי הראווה של דבר והיפוכו השמורים לממלכת הסיוטים של התעמולה, בה מושעה עקרון אי־הסתירה לטובת מטרה זדונית די צורכה, החלו מקצת הערבים להאשים את ישראל בגזענות נאצית, כפי שנהג לעשות היו"ר הראשון של הארגון לשחרור פלשתין, אחמד שוקיירי. ה"היגיון" הוא בערך כך: היטלר צדק בניסיונו להשמיד את היהודים; לעומת זאת , השואה לא היתה ולא נבראה, אם כי צריכה היתה להתקיים; היהודים הרגו מוסלמים / ערבים -משמע, היהודים הם הנאצים האמיתיים. (אנו מניחים שהמסקנה היא כי היהודים הרגו את האנשים הלא נכונים והיה עליהם לסיים את מלאכתו של היטלר ולהרוג את עצמם). כדי להשלים את המעגל, מכנה היו"ר הנוכחי של אש"פ, יאסר ערפאת, את המופתי הגדול : 'גיבורנו' , וטוען כי היה "אחד מחייליו" במלחמת 1948. אולם הצגתה של אידיאולוגיה אין די בה כדי להסביר את תפוצתה. ההסבר נעוץ בתועלתה הפוליטית. התועלת הפוליטית שהפיקו הערבים במזרח התיכון מתעמולת הגזע הנאצית בשנות ה -30 וה -40, עמדה בניגוד למשטרים הקפיטליסטיים והדמוקרטיים אשר שלטו באזור. למרות שמשטרים אלה נמצאו בנסיגה, הרי שהמשטרים המסחריים של ישראל וארה"ב, "השטן הקטן" ו"השטן הגדול", תפסו את מקומם כמטרות מועילות לאליטות הפוליטיות המוסלמיות באיזור.

  257. Seth J. Frantzman, "TERRA INCOGNITA - The Palestinian mufti's intersectionality with the Nazis", JPost, Jun 28, 2017
    There is an intersection between the mufti and his Nazi camp visits and today's hatred of Israel and Jewish symbols.
  258. 258.0 258.1 Arab hate crime: Last night, Arabs spray-painted swastikas at the entrance to Avnei Hefetz in Samaria. Youths from the locality arrived at the scene and deleted the writings.
    0404, July 14, 2014.
    News 0404 has learned that there has recently been a significant increase in the spray-painting of swastikas and abusive graffiti against Jews throughout Israel. As will be recalled, as has been published many times here, swastikas and inscriptions against Jews have been known and have existed for years in Arab villages, but now it seems that there has been a significant increase in this issue as well, following recent events. (In the photos: swastikas at the entrance to objects, after an initial erasure attempt ).
  259. 259.0 259.1 An Arab journalist admits: For over ten years, swastikas and abusive graffiti have been spray-painted against Jews 0404, May 21, 2014.

    Are you told "price tag"... Here is another proof that abusive graffiti against Jews has existed in the Arab sector for many years.

    For some reason, the Minister of Internal Security does not address the issue at all, the police have never acted to check who is behind the addresses, no one has thought of deleting them for all the years that have passed and beyond that, from time to time new addresses appear.

    The 0404 news staff regularly presents the truth, even if it hurts someone. A journalist from the Arab sector, a resident of Taybeh, did not like to see the news that came from News 0404, about the hate crimes, swastikas and, among other things, the "Hitler was [sic] right" inscription in his city - a city in Israel. He contacted another journalist, who also had the news item...
  260. 260.0 260.1 0404 - Arab hate crime: swastika and painting of a religious Jew spray-painted on a power pole in the Shuafat neighborhood of Jerusalem. May 8, 2014.
    The Arabs who spray-painted the swastika and face painting of a religious Jew did so deliberately in this location, as anyone passing by on the light rail in the area will encounter it. News system 0404 updated the Jerusalem police on the matter. This is not the first time that Arabs have spray-painted a swastika and a Jewish figure together and it seems that this is a new operation of combining the two. As you may recall, recently, hate crimes by Arabs across the country have increased. Just last night we reported on 0404 News about some events…
  261. 261.0 261.1 A. Cooper, H. Brackman, "When your neighbor unfurls a Nazi flag," JPost, June 2, 2013.

    Palestinians must liberate themselves from their infatuation with the swastika and the dream of a Judenrein Palestine.

    Israelis live in a tough neighborhood on the verge of a complete meltdown. Most would very much like to reach a final peace deal with their Palestinian neighbors, but as the Jewish state is one-20th the size of California, there is literally no margin of error. The core issue is as much psychological as it is territorial. Do my neighbors want peace? Here is one answer, hoisted above the town of Beit Umar, adjacent to the Jewish communities of Gush Etzion: An oversized Nazi flag fluttering next to a local mosque.

    A Jewish neighbor put it this way: “I felt we were going back 75 years, losing our hold on the land. The Arabs no longer feel the need to hide their murderous tendencies, announcing out loud that they wish to annihilate us.”...

    The Nazi swastika: The ultimate symbol of hate and genocide. Illegal in Germany. Its use considered an actionable act of hate in most democracies. When young American neo-Nazis march with Nazi flags in Skokie, Illinois, people of all faiths rallied to back their Jewish neighbors.

    But not in the Holy Land, where too many Palestinians continue to play the Nazi card over and over again in some creatively destructive ways in the media, mosques and madrassas.

    Among the themes: “Six Million” is a hoax or gross exaggeration.

    • Israelis are today’s (supposedly) Nazis, their crimes worse that Hitler’s.

    • We are sorry Hitler didn’t finish the job, but we will... All this has been woven into a Palestinian pseudo-historical narrative, in which King David and both Solomon’s Temple and the Second Temple never existed. The Palestinian paper Al-Hayat Al-Jadida informed its readers, “members of the Jewish religion must awaken from the coma of historical distortion” because it was “the Zionist movement and world capitalists... who wheel and deal in the Nazi and Fascist slaughter of Jews during WWII.” Furthermore, Israelis were admonished that “what they are doing in Palestine against the Palestinian Arab people is more dangerous and criminal than what Hitler’s Holocaust brought on the Jews and the nations of the world of the 1940s.” Today, Arab and Muslim media, bookstores, and the Internet are rife with admiring references to Hitler’s Third Reich. The sad historical truth is that Hitler found a key ally in the Holy Land: the grand mufti of Jerusalem, Muhammad Amin al-Husseini. Glorified by the German press as “the fuhrer of the Middle East” when he visited Berlin in 1941, the grand mufti organized a Muslim SS Battalion that slaughtered 90 percent of Bosnia’s Jews and made broadcasts to the Middle East urging Muslims to honor Allah by implementing their own Final Solution. Yasser Arafat, the founder of the PLO, was the grand mufti’s ... admirer. Today, the Palestinian Authority, which controls the West Bank, and Hamas, which controls Gaza, are locked in a struggle for control of Palestinians’ destiny. They agree on precious little, but gleefully play their Nazi cards. PA President Mahmoud Abbas completed his doctoral dissertation in Russia, defended it at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and published it in 1984 under the title, The Other Side: the Secret Relationship Between Nazism and Zionism. Claiming that six million Jewish deaths at the hands of the Nazis is “a gross exaggeration,” the book also argued that Zionists collaborated with Nazis in planning the Holocaust. Though he has since admitted that six million Jews were murdered by the Nazis, the themes of Abbas’ book resonate throughout the PA’s educational and propaganda apparatuses, and according to the Center for Near East Policy Research Center “is the basis for Holocaust studies in the PA.” Hamas’ claims to Hitler bona fides are not inconsiderable. Hamas is an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, founded in 1928 by schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna, who modeled his organization on both Mussolini’s sqaudristi and Hitler’s brownshirts. Hamas’ founder, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, a disciple of Banna and admirer of Hitler, was also inspired by “the brigand sheikh” ’Izz al-Din al-Kassam whose followers killed Jews during the 1936-1939 Palestine Uprising and then joined the grand mufti in providing the Nazis with Middle Eastern operatives during World War II.

    Regarding Hamas’ 1988 founding charter, which relies heavily in the notorious Protocols of the Elders of Zion, historian Robert Wistrich concludes that it “could have been written by a committee of experts composed of Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels, Henry Ford and a bevy of French, Austrian, Polish or Russian anti-Semites.”
  262. 262.0 262.1 Itamar Marcus and Nan Jacques Zilberdik, "Fatah posts Nazi children's book: Don’t trust a fox or a Jew." Palwatch, Oct 29, 2015
  263. 263.0 263.1 Ari Yashar, "Abbas's Fatah posts Nazi German children's book", INN, Oct 29 , 2015.
    'Trust no fox on his green heath, and trust no J.. on his oath,' reads cover of anti-Semitic book from 1936 Germany Fatah chose to share.
  264. I. Marcus, "Abbas presents Holocaust as something Jews "say"," Palwatch, Aug 26, 2015.
  265. Elimination of all forms of religious intolerance : note / by the Secretary-General. A/74/358 General Assembly. Shaheed, Ahmed. 20 September 2019 [29][30] . Special Rapporteur report on antisemitism (excerpts)
  266. I. Marcus, J. Zilberdik, "PA Holocaust abuse: PA misrepresents photos of Holocaust victims as Arabs killed by Jews - again!" Palwatch, May 2, 2019.
    Official PA TV last month deceitfully broadcast pictures of bodies of Holocaust victims in a Nazi concentration camp presenting them as pictures of Arab victims killed by Jews in the village of Deir Yassin in 1948.
  267. 267.0 267.1 Davar - דבר, 12 May 1946.

    The Arab propaganda ministries are partners with the fascists in America and are engaged in incitement against the Jews. The U.S. government was required to investigate the matter. משרדי־התעמולה הערבים שותפים לפאשיסטים באמריקה עוסקים בהסתה נגד היהודים - ‬ ממשלת ארה"ב נדרשה לחקור בענין.

  268. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 5 August 1947.

    Arabs spread anti-Semitism in Colombia. New York, 3 (Palcor).

    The correspondent of the New York "Tag", Jacob Beller, who is currently touring South America, reports in his recent article that in Colombia anti-Semitism is spread mainly by Arabs from Syria, out of envy of the commercial talents of the new Jewish immigrants in this country. The Arabs are acting in collaboration with Nazis who have been released from detention. In recent months, there have been two cases of blood libel in Colombia.

    ערבים מפיצים אנטישמיות בקולומביה

    ניו יורק 3, (פאלקור) כתבו של "טאג" הניו-יורקי, יעקב בלר, המסייר עכשיו בארצות דרום-אמריקה, מוסר בכתבתו האחרונה, שבקולומביה מורגשת אנטישמיות המופצת בעיקר על ידי ערבים יוצאי סוריה, מתוך קנאה בכשרונות המסחריים שמגלים המהגרים היהודים החדשים במדינה זו. הערבים פועלים מתוך שיתוף עם נאצים ששוחררו ממעצר. בחדשים האחרונים אירעו בקולומביה שני מקרים של עלילת דם.

  269. Davar⁩ - ⁨דבר⁩⁩ 30 November 1951.

    Nazi conspiracies - in the Middle East

    German statesmen are touring the Islamic countries. -

    Von Papen's near and "distant" past. -

    The Nazi Center in Cairo. -

    German agents and experts in Arab countries. -

    German penetration into markets in Islamic countries

    ...Papen met with King Farouk's associates. The former Jerusalem Mufti, Haj Amin Husseini and the Arab professor Salim Idris, are the link between the Nazi center in Cairo and the court of Farouk and the Arab League.

    Nazi agents and former German generals sit in all the capitals of Arab countries. With tight contact renewed their actions the Arab "General" Kawkaji, who in recent days has visited Latin America and the Nazi "colonies" in those countries, and other Arab personalities, from former Hitler's associates ...

    Special attention deserves the participation of German-Nazi advisers in the training of Arab armies. Hundreds of Nazis, SS men. Formerly German generals and colonels, recruited by Kaukji and Nazi spy Miller in Germany and transferred via Rome to Damascus and Cairo. German pilots work as experts and instructors in Egypt...

    מזימות נאציות — במזרח התיכון

    מדינאים גרמניים מסיירים בארצות האיסלם. ‭ ‭— ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    העבר הקרוב ו"הרחוק" של פון פאפן. ‭— ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    המרכז הנאצי בקאהיר. ‭— ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    סוכנים ומומחים גרמנים בארצות ערב. ‭— ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    חדירת הגרמנים לשווקים בארצות האיסלאם

    ... פאפן נפגש עם מקורביו של המלך פארוק. המופתי הירושלמי לשעבר, חג' אמין חוסייני והפרופ' הערבי סלים אידריס הם המקשרים בין המרכז הנאצי בקאהיר ובין חצר פארוק והליגה הערבית.

    סוכנים נאצים וגנרלים גרמנים לשעבר יושבים בכל הבירות של ארצות ערב. במגע אמיץ אתם מחדשים את פעולותיהם ה"גנרל" הערבי קאוקאג'י, שביקר בימים האחרונים באמריקה הלאטינית וב"קולוניות" הנאציות שבאותן ארצות, ואישים ערבים אחרים, ממקורביו של היטלר לשעבר...

    ראויה לתשומת לב מיוחדת השתתפות יועצים גרמנים-נאציים בהדרכת צבאות-ערב. מאות נאצים, אנשי ס.ס. לשעבר וביניהם כמה גנרלים וקולונלים גרמניים, גויסו ע"י קאוקג'י והמרגל הנאצי מילר בגרמניה והועברו דרך רומא לדמשק ולקאהיר. טייסים גרמנים עובדים כמומחים וכמדריכים במצרים. יודעי דבר מאשרים, שאירגונים צבאיים במצרים, העוסקים בטארור אנטי-בריטי באזור הסואץ, פועלים בפיקוד מדריכים גרמנים-נאצים...

  270. Edouard Sablier, VI. - La revanche de l'Afrika Korps, Le Monde, Sep 1, 1953.
    -[https://www.nli.org.il/en/newspapers/hbkr/1953/09/15/01/article/36/ Haboker - הבקר, 15 September 1953.

    "קציני רומל הגיעו לקהיר." פרטים על פעילות המומחים הגרמנים במצרים מאת ל. לנמן - סופר ה ב ו ק ר בפריס בזמן האחרון באו לקהיר שלושה מנהיגים לשעבר של הנוער הנאצי כדי להדריך את ארגוני הנוער במצרים - זאת מודיע העתונאי הצרפתי אדוארד סאבלייה, שביקר במצרים ופרסם בעתון "לה־מונד" את רשמיו. סאבלייה הוא יהודי מצרי והוא אחד המומחים למזרח התיכון. אחד מששת המאמרים שפרסם עכשיו על מצרים נקרא 'נקמת הקורפוס האפריקני' שבו הוא מוסר כמה פרטים חדשים על פעולת המומחים הגרמנים במצרים.
    "Rommel officers arrived in Cairo." Details of the activities of German experts in Egypt. By L. Lenman - Haboker writer in Paris

    Recently, three former leaders of the Nazi youth came to Cairo to guide the youth organizations in Egypt - this was announced by the French journalist Edouard Sablier, who visited Egypt and published his impressions in the 'Le Monde' newspaper. Sabalia is an Egyptian Jew and is one of the experts on the Middle East. One of the six articles he has now published on Egypt is called 'Revenge of the Afrika Korps' in which he gives some new details about the action of the German experts in Egypt.

    On October 23, 1942, he was abandoned 10 km from Alexandria at the Battle of El Alamein, which cut short the fate of the African Corps under Rommel. Only now have Rommel officers arrived in Cairo in uniform from "those days." This is how Edouard Sablier begins his story.

    According to him, all the journalists abroad in Egypt try to come to terms with the Germans, but the government makes it difficult to access them and it is difficult to know anything about them.

    In his conversation with Naguib, Sablier asked him: - Why are you afraid to tell about the action of the German experts in Egypt? The question aroused Naguib's cuff: - Egypt is not afraid of anything and I do not practice lying. I said, that there are only a few Germans in Egypt, and yes he is. But there are those who want to inflate the thing. .

    'Officers instruct the army.' But the day before the call, the head of the German colony in Egypt announced at a gathering of foreigners in Egypt, in the presence of the entire Egyptian Revolutionary Council: "Our officers are instructing the Egyptian army."

    And apparently: this is the truth. Although the number of German experts working at the headquarters is only forty, they contain scholars in all professions: whoever was General (Heinz) Guderian's assistant is a tank adviser for years, a paratrooper, one for submarines, 6 for navy and the like. In addition, 25 flight specialists work in place of the previous British experts. There are also experts in explosives, artillery and other weapons, working in the loan factories on loan.

    Some of these Germans were brought from Germany. But some of them hid in Egypt after the war. They receive a modest salary of 250 (Egyptian pound) a month and an apartment in Heliopolis. Most of them have no relationship with the West German delegation, which tried to wake them up to the bad impression their action might make about Bonn-England relations.

    Admiring Hitler. In the current Egyptian regime the influence of the Germans is great. The Minister of Hygiene of the Government of the Governor Nour El-Din Taraf said for example in a conversation with a journalist: 'Hitler is the [sic] essence of my life. He was an [sic] exemplary leader...'

    Naguib and his aides have repeatedly emphasized at press conferences the help the Egyptians allegedly gave to the Allies in World War II, but an article published on July 24 in 'Al-Ahram' [الأهرام] by Air Force Commander Hassan Ibrahim a member of the Revolutionary Council said: "When the Germans were in 1942 "In Al-Alamein we sent them an officer, who would inform them of the English forces. I was then the commander of the air force in Cairo and gave the officer my personal plane. We were kept in contact with the Germans by Officer Anwar Saadat, who would bring them secret information." Foreign Officer Anwar Saadat. He is currently one of the leaders of the 12th Command Committee of Egypt, with whom General Aziz [Ali] al-Misri worked, who was arrested by the British when he tried to board a plane to the Germans. This general is currently the Egyptian Axis in Moscow.

    The Egyptians claim, of course, that they wanted to fight only against the English occupier, but some were directly influenced by Nazi ideology. During the war, several Arabs and Muslims hid in Berlin. Today they have returned to their countries and occupy high positions ... and they remembered their Nazi friends and brought them to the Middle East for high positions.

    Grobba - works in Moscow. About these job holders, Sabalia recounts these details:

    The person who organized the entire network of Nazi agents in the Middle East was Dr. Fritz Grobba, who until 1939 took over from a delegation in Baghdad, Barao and Kabul. An anti-British conspiracy, which led to the Iraq uprising in 1941. Later he was in Berlin and set up three Arab offices there, one headed by the Mufti as head of the Arab Broadcasting Movement, the other headed by Iraqi Rashid Ali and the third office absorbing fleeing Arab leaders and sending them east to certain positions.

    For several years nothing has been heard about Grobba and now he is floating as the director of the Department of Arab and Muslim Affairs - as the Foreign Ministry of Moscow. All his aides from Berlin now work in the Middle East. Dr. Mindel, for example, who was the director of radio broadcasts in the Middle East on Wilhelm Street [Wilhelmstrasse] in Berlin, is now a political adviser in Baghdad; Who was the liaison between Berlin and the Mufti, is a consultant in the capitals. Dr. Groba's former representative in Baghdad and Berlin, Dr. Stefan, is now the secretary of the Egyptian delegation in Bonn. And the former director of von [Alfred] Rosenberg's office - Dr. von Harden - currently works in Cairo as a military adviser to the Military Council next to the Arab League.

    The Mufti is also now sitting in Cairo and next to it there is a council of former active Nazis. Rashid Ali is currently Ibn Saud's political adviser, and the well-known Fawzi Kawaji is the chief inspector of the Lebanese army.

    'Who was in Berlin'

    The entire former Arab broadcasting headquarters in Berlin has returned to work. Yunus Bahari is the director of the Press Department of the King of Libya. He often comes to Paris and actually edits the magazine 'Al-Arab' there. Bahram Shahraka is the Minister of Intelligence in Iran, Zafar Rifai is the Foreign Minister in Syria. Dr. Muhammad Hasan Salman,, who was the director of Rashid Ali's Arab office, is the Minister of Health in Iraq. He invited 40 German doctors and firefighters to Iraq, his former assistant in Berlin, Ali Safi, is now a postmaster in Iraq.

    Editor of 'Al-Yom' in Lebanon and director of the press department of Prime Minister Afif Siabi, Deputy Foreign Minister of Libya and more and more - all of whom worked with the Nazis in Berlin.

    In every Arab country there is a club of 'those who were in Germany'. They influenced the Egyptian government to carry out the huge building plans, they mediated between Yemen and the West German government to hand over mine management to the Germans.
  271. 271.0 271.1 Wistrich, Robert S.. Between Redemption & Perdition: Modern Antisemitism and Jewish Identity. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2020.

    Zionism with Nazism, though this did not become a central theme in the Arab war on Israel until fairly recently. ...

    Haj Amin el-Husseini, the leader of the Palestine Arabs (known as the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem) expressed his admiration for Hitler and Nazi Germany throughout the fascist era, and sought with extraordinary persistence to win German backing for his goal of wiping out the 'Jewish national home' in Palestine. On 28 November 1941, in Berlin, the Mufti formally declared his readiness to cooperate with the Third Reich, to form a Muslim SS legion, to encourage uprisings in the Arab world, and to instigate sabotage against Great Britain. Hitler in turn promised the Mufti that the moment the German armies reached the southern exit of the Caucasus, he would give the signal for Arab liberation.

    In their determination to liquidate the Jewish nucleus in Palestine, Hitler and the Mufti found a common language. Not only did the Mufti aid and abet Hitler's 'Final Solution' of the Jewish question in Europe, he even pressurized the SS leadership and allied satellite regimes in the Balkans into preventing the escape of any Jews from the inferno of the death camps.

    Indeed, Haj Amin el-Husseini's record of collaboration from 1933 to 1945 was so clear-cut that the Allies were obliged to classify him as a war criminal, though the British, in their anxiety to prevent more Arabs from going over the Axis, censored news of his wartime activities in Berlin.

    Nor was Haj Amin el-Husseini an exceptional case. The Nazi regime aroused a high degree of enthusiasm throughout the Arab world – in Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon as well as Palestine. Its nationalist fervour, militarism, fanatical antisemitism, and opposition to Anglo-French hegemony inspired many Arab nationalist leaders, intellectuals, and youth between the wars. Both Nasser and Sadat, among the Free Officers in Egypt, were admirers of Hitler and looked to Nazi Germany to free them from British rule. It is no accident, therefore, that in the 1950s a number of Arab countries, and especially Egypt and Syria, were to serve as havens for Nazi war criminals in hiding. Some of the most notorious of these, like Johann von Leers and Leopold Gleim, converted to Islam and continued to act as political advisers and experts on 'Jewish affairs' to the Arab regimes in war with Israel.

    Given the immense sympathy for Hitler and Nazism in the Arab world in the 1950s and early 1960s, it was unlikely that a theory of Zionist Nazism could take firm root. When a leading Arab intellectual like Sadat's intimate friend, Anis Mansour, could write that 'The world is now aware of the fact that Hitler was right', or when a paper like the Jordanian English-language daily, the Jerusalem Times, could console Eichmann that his trial would 'one day culminate in the liquidation of the remaining six million to avenge your blood', there was little sense in accusing Israel of pursuing Hitlerian policies. On the contrary, the trend was to identify with neo-Nazi forces all over the world; this was Nasser's policy as it is...
  272. 272.0 272.1 Wistrich, Robert S.. A Lethal Obsession: Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Global Jihad. United Kingdom: Random House Publishing Group, 2010.

    Among Arafat's first instructors in guerrilla warfare was a former Nazi commando officer imported to Egypt by the mufti. Haj Amin himself encouraged Arafat to recruit adherents to his Fatah terror group during the late 1950s. Once Arafat became head of the PLO in 1968, he continued the mufti's methods and approach. Mein Kampf was required reading in some Fatah training camps; Nazis were recruited for Fatah and for the PLO, including Erich Altern, a key figure in the Jewish affairs section of the Gestapo, and Willy Berner, an SS officer in Mauthausen death camp. Among the neo- Nazis on the PLO payroll were the German Otto Albrecht and two Belgians, Karl van der Put and the secretary of the fascist La Nation Européene, Jean Tireault.

    But Arafat's continuation of the mufti's legacy went far beyond the use of former Nazis—a propensity he shared with Gamal Abdel Nasser, ardent admirer of Haj Amin...
  273. Ian Harvey, Patterns of Prejudice, Volume 1, 1967 - Issue 3. Nazis in Cairo. Pages 6-8 | Published online: 28 May 2010 [31]
  274. Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. United States. Congress, 1957. p. 4153.

    Nasser's Nazi advisers

    The dexterity and speed with which the Nasser government has moved against its Jewish population have been cited by many observers as indicating that practiced hands have been guiding this campaign. It is well known that Egypt employs many foreign advisers, including Communist technicians from Russia and her satellites. But the employment of German Nazis, former Wehrmacht officers and members of the Afrika Korps has been largely hidden from the world. At present, it is estimated that some 200 or more work in Egypt, including: SS Gen. Wilhelm Voss - in charge of Egypt's Central Planning Board and chief adviser to the War Minister. Dr. Johann von Leers, associate of Goebbels and notorious anti-Semite - advises on anti-Jewish propaganda. Indicative of Egypt's attempt to hide her Nazis is the fact that William Stevenson of the Toronto Star was expelled from the country 24 hours after filing the first interview with von Leers.

    Gen. Otto Remer - headed the Egyptian training program which created the fedayeen guerrilla fighters.
  275. 275.0 275.1 Intelligence Report: A Project of the Southern Poverty Law Center, Iss. 105-108, Klanwatch, 2002, p. 20
  276. 276.0 276.1 276.2 Haboker - הבקר, 19 January 1960. ["סוכני קע"ם וגרמניה המזרחית ממלאים תפקיד חשוב בתקריות"] 'U.A R. Agents and East Germany play an important role in the incidents.'

    By the author of 'The Morning' in the USA New York. 18. - Agents of UAR, East Germany, play an important role in recent antisemitic incidents - writes the World Telegram today.

    Shortly after the swastikas appeared in Cologne, the Communists in East Germany felt that this was an opportunity to defame West Germany and damage its world-famous reputation. The UAR propaganda ministry immediately went into action, and many Nazi groups funded by it helped reduce anti-Semitism.

    Groups of Arab students from German universities staged antisemitic demonstrations and participated in swastika paintings. Goebbels' assistant, Dr. Johannes van Leers, who in recent years has served as Nasser's adviser on propaganda. He directed the system of hatred of Jews now spreading around the world.

    Von Leers took on the Muslim religion and adopted an Arab name. He even surrounded himself with Nazi experts on hostile propaganda.

    The newspaper also announces that researchers believe that the Arab propagandists are helping fund the antisemitic propaganda campaign in the US. In the meantime, the U.S. Subcommittee on Prevention of Discrimination against Minorities is expected to hold a hearing and issue a condemnation of anti-Semitism this weekend.
  277. 277.0 277.1 Berman, Paul. The Flight of the Intellectuals. United Kingdom: Melville House, 2010.
    One of the mufti's principle colleagues in Berlin was Johann von Leers, who was Goebbels's adjutant at the Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Von Leers made his way to Egypt after the war and was even able to resume his career. He worked as a propagandist for Nasser, who himself, as an old Greenshirt, went on clinging to his pro-Nazi enthusiasms well into the 1960s.
  278. 278.0 278.1 Maariv - מעריב, 29 February 1976.

    Nazis incite in Arabic

    Maariv service

    A Nazi organization from the "Fighting Union of German Soldiers" is currently distributing a proclamation in Western Europe in eight languages - the first of which is Arabic. The proclamation states: "Anyone who believes today, 30 years after World War II, that even one Jew was killed ..."

    The proclamation is also written in German (in the "second ranking" after Arabic ...), Spanish, French, Italian, Russian, Czech and English.

    Its composer is not hidden. His name appears on the announcer: Erwin Schoenborn of 45 Tale Street in Frankfurt, with a zip code also published the union's bank account number.

    These leaflets were recently distributed to everyone on the locked Winter Olympics island in Innsbruck Austria.

    It was also learned that the Nazi union would hold a conference in Ludwigsburg on March 27, at which it would protest the continued existence of trials against Nazi war criminals, and on April 9 organized a demonstration in Munich, attended by Arabs. This date was chosen - the union also announced - to "mark the anniversary of Deir Yassin". The demonstration was even given a name: "Euro-Arab sympathy conference" and its organizers announced that it intends to "demonstrate against Israel and Judaism." נאצים מסיתים בערבית

    שירות 'מעריב'

    ארגון נאצי מה"איגוד הלוחם של חיילים גרמניים" מפיץ בימים אלה במערב-אירופה כרוז בשמונה שפות — הראשונה בהן היא ערבית. בכרוז נאמר: "מי שמאמין כיום, .., שאפילו יהודי אחד הומת... " הכרוז כתוב גם בגרמנית (ב"דירוג שני" אחרי ערבית... ), ספרדית, צרפתית, איטלקית, רוסית, צ'כית ואנגלית.

    מנסחו אינו מסתתר. שמו מופיע על הכרוז: אדווין שנבארן מרחוב טאל 45 ‬ בפרנקפורט, עם מספר מיקוד פרסם גם את מספר חשבון הבאנק של האיגוד. כרוזים אלה הופצו לא מכבר לכל באי אולימפיאדת החורף שננעלה באינסברוק אוסטריה. כן נודע כי האיגוד הנאצי יקיים ב-27 במארס כנס בלודוויגסבורג בו ימחה על המשך קיומם של משפטים נגד פושעי המלחמה הנאציים ול-9 באפריל הועיד הפגנה במינכן, בהשתתפות ערבים. מועד זה נבחר

    -- כן הודיע האיגוד -- כדי "לציין את יום השנה לדיר יאסין". להפגנה ניתן אפילו שם: כנס אהדה אירו-ערבי" ומארגניו הודיעו כי הוא מכוון "להפגין נגד ישראל והיהדות" .
  279. 279.0 279.1 279.2 279.3 Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Friday, October 4, 1957 [32].

    Berlin's Most Rabid Anti-Semite Gets Eight Month Sentence

    Berlin, October 3. (JTA) — West Germany's continuing struggle with the remnants of the Hitler era was marked this week by a jail sentence for West Berlin's most rabid anti-Semite of the post war era. Erwin Schoenborn, 43, was sentenced to eight months in jail by the Goettingen district court which found him guilty of libeling Dr. Eugene Gerstenmaier, the Speaker of the last Bundestag.

    Schoenborn, who is chairman of various neo-Nazi splinter groups and of a 'German-Arab Society' which has chapters in several cities, was convicted of calling Dr. Gerstenmaier a vile traitor, during a series of small town political meetings.

    The epithet was used because Dr. Gerstenmaier, during the Hitler regime, had been sentenced by a People's Court for failing to betray an an anti-Nazi movement.

    Meanwhile, the "German Social Movement," which has also relations with the Arab League, held a convention this week in Freudenstadt and featured numerous addresses, most of them marked by anti-Semitic innuendoes, delivered by a number of open devoteees of Hitler. Chief among these was, Karl Priester, former Hitler Youth and S.S. leader who heads now the movement and edits its anti-Semitic monthly magazine.

    -The Sentinel, 17 October 1957.

  280. 280.0 280.1 Lee, Martin A.. The Beast Reawakens: Fascism's Resurgence from Hitler's Spymasters to Today's Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2013. 143.

    Under the guise of anti-imperialism, some German neo-Nazis sang the praises of nonaligned movements in the Third World. Typical was this spiel by Erwin Schönborn, founder of the German-Arab community in Heidelberg and editor of Nation Europa, the leading West German neo-Nazi publication:

    'We see in the struggle of the Arab peoples against colonialism and imperialism of both West and East a fatefull parallel to our own struggle for freedom from occupation by the enemy...'
  281. Haboker - הבקר, 21 October 1958.
    Nazi-Arab organizations operate in West Germany under 18 names.
    ...Arab Nazis and Communists...
    ארגונים נאציים־ערביים פועלים במערב גרמניה תחת 18 שמות נאצים ערבים וקומוניסטים...
  282. B'nai B'rith Messenger, 17 September 1965.

    World Press In A Nutshell

    By Oscar Gavrilovich

    COMPILED AND WRITTEN EXCLUSIVELY FOR THE B'NAI B'RITH MESSENGER

    Arab Links With Nazi Underworld

    LATELY European papers exposed Arab backing of global nazi and neo-nazi organizations.

    One of the periodicals, devoting several pages to this unsavory partnership was Paris La Terre Retrouvee.

    It contends that the first inkling of such a unison came in 1960. when the now deceased former SS-officer Karl-Heinz Priester invited 300 leaders of neo-nazi groups to come to Wiesbaden, West Germany, for an organizational meeting of a world-wide neo-nazi party.

    West German authorities, however, prohibited this assembly and seized the documents which Priester had brought with him.

    From these it was established that Priester, a co-founder of the Fascist Internationale at Malmo Sweden, was also one of the Arab League's top agents in Europe.

    Digging farther into the links between Arabs and nazis, the name of Mohammed Al-Shazli popped up. He was a colonel on the United Arab Republic's general staff, and a former military attache to London The Fuehrers of the English nazi party, Colin Jordan and John Tyndall, readily admitted to the London Daily Telegraph their intention of carrying on an anti-Semitic propaganda with the financial support of the United Arab Republic.

    ACTUALLY COL. AL-SHAZLI and the two nazi leaders formally agreed that the English nazi party would dissiminate Arab propaganda material against Israel. In exchange the U. A. R. would finance the anti-Jewish nazi campaign in England. The Arabs and nazis, however, made the mistake of putting their agreement Into writing which then came into the wrong hands.

    La Terre Retrouvee has published the entire text of the accord between the English nazi party and the UAR marked top secret. It stresses the need of a joint fight against the organized forces of Zionism and the World Jewry to be financed by the United Arab Republic.

    The agreement then enumerates the appropriations which the UAR would grant to the nazi party for specific services , for the publication of propaganda bulletins , leaflets and books, and for the distribution of already existing hate material against Israel and the Jews.

    Thus, says the French periodical, the myth that Arabs are not anti-Jewish, only anti-Zionist finally has been dispelled.
  283. Shazly Appointment Raises Storm, JTA, January 14, 1974.

    A storm is brewing here over the Foreign Office’s anticipated acceptance of Gen. Saad el-Shazly as the new Egyptian Ambassador to Britain. Informed sources told the Jewish. Telegraphic Agency yesterday that approval of Shazly’s appointment is expected next week despite the general’s known association with British neo-Nazis when he served in London as a military attache in 1963 and the recent revelation that he was the author of a pamphlet issued to Egyptian troops during the Yom Kippur War exhorting them to kill captured Israeli soldiers.

    The JTA was told that the Foreign Office wants to avoid what it describes as a major political row with Egypt even though it is “somewhat annoyed” with Cairo for having announced the designation of Shazly before his accreditation was confirmed, a move contrary to standard diplomatic practice. The Foreign Office had refused to confirm or deny that Shazly was the Egyptian Ambassador-designate even after the news was out in Cairo. But on Friday, a Foreign Office spokesman finally admitted that an application for accreditation of Shazly had been received from the Egyptian government.

    ASSOCIATION WITH NEO-NAZIS CITED

    The announcement prompted Michael Fidler, a Conservative MP and past president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, to send a letter of protest to Foreign Secretary Sir Alex Douglas-Home. The text of Fidler’s letter, made available to the JTA today, said in part: “It would be infamous if Gen. Shazly, with his record eleven years ago in London of close association with the National Socialist Movement and/or other fascist organizations in Britain should now be permitted to come here in such capacity. The entire British community would be shocked to think that a person who could act in this fashion should now be coming again in this capacity.”

    Fidler enclosed a copy of a news item from the Daily Express “which quotes more recent sentiments expressed by Shazly in connection with the killing of Jews–whether Israeli prisoners of war or other.”

    The notorious Shazly pamphlet was brought to the attention of members of Parliament of all parties and British veterans and student groups last week by Moshe Barneah, secretary of the Israeli branch of Amnesty international. He noted that thousands of them were distributed to Egyptian soldiers by the Army information Service with instructions signed by Shazly who was chief of staff of the Egyptian Army at the time of the Yom Kippur War.

    The instructions ordered Egyptian soldiers to “kill mercilessly” all Israeli POWs. “Hit them, kill them wherever you find them as they (the Jews) are a nation of [sic] treacherous character. They pretend to give up only to kill you in treacherous ways,” the pamphlets said.

    A spokesman for the Egyptian Embassy here “strongly denied” yesterday that the former Egyptian chief of staff had at any time given orders to kill Israeli POWs. The spokesman claimed that such orders bearing Shazly’s Lame were forged by Israeli veterans organizations.
  284. [https://www.nli.org.il/en/newspapers/mar/1964/02/03/01/article/72/ Maariv - מעריב, 3 February 1964

    Arabs distribute Nazi material in West Germany

    One of the pamphlets justifies the persecution of the Jews throughout history and by Hitler and condemns the "Zionists" By I. [Inge] Deutschkron ([33]) 'Maariv' writer in Bonn Telegraphic ערבים מפיצים חומר נאצי במערב גרמניה באחת החוברות מצדיקים רדיפת היהודים במרוצת ההיסטוריה ועל-ידי היטלר ומוקיעים את ה"ציונים" מאת א. דויטשקרון סופרת 'מעריב' בבון טלגרפית

  285. Popular Chilean Newspaper Charges Arab Publication with Incitement Against Jews, JTA. August 1, 1949.
    A demand that the Chilean Government take action against the Chilean Arab newspaper Mundo Arabe if it continues its anti-Jewish campaign is voiced in the widely read Santiago newspaper Noticias de Ultima Hora, just received here... It adds that the Arabe Mundo served as a propaganda organ of the Nazis during the late war and as such was blacklisted by the Allies.
  286. Miscelánea de estudios árabes y hebraicos: Sección de árabe-Islam. Spain: Universidad de Granada, 2006. 339
  287. Mundo Árabe, la-Reforma - Jorge Sabaj Zurob: 'Arab world' magazine, excerpts from its vile racism and propaganda, DP, Jul 29, 2020
  288. Maariv - מעריב, 19 May 1975.

    In Argentina, the Holocaust rally was banned and Hitler's birthday was openly celebrated]

    By Zvi Lavie, writer of 'Maariv' in London

    Argentine Jewry sits on the opening of a volcano, say emissaries who have been there these days. According to them, the earth is burning beneath the feet of the Jews not only in Argentina but in other extensive parts of the South American continent. The greenhouse, where Nazi refugees and tens of thousands of Arab immigrants found refuge, began to bear rotten fruits ...

    בארגנטינה נאסרה עצרת השואה ויום הולדת היטלר נחוג בגלוי

    מאת צבי לביא סופר "מעריב" בלונדון

    יהדות ארגנטינה יושבת על פיתחו של הר געש, מספרים שליחים ששהו שם בימים אלה. לדבריהם, בוערת האדמה תתת רגלי היהודים לא רק בארגנטינה כי אם בחלקים נרחבים אחרים של יבשת אמריקה הדרומית. החממה, בה מצאו מקלט פליטים נאצים ורבבות מהגרים ערבים, החלה מנביטה פירות באושים...

  289. David Lev, "Abbas: 'Mufti is My Hero'", INN, Jan 6, 2013.
    Palestinian Authority chief Mahmoud Abbas spoke glowingly last Friday of the “legacy” of infamous Nazi collaborator Hajj Amin al-Husseini.
  290. PA National Security Forces lauds Nazi collaborator Haj Amin Al-Husseini, Palwatch, Jun 3, 2016.
    PA National Security Forces, Facebook.
  291. Hagay Hacohen, "PA official: Nazi-collaborator Mufti is leader and 'role model'", JPost, Jul 14, 2019
    Advisor to PA leader Abbas, Mahmoud Al-Habbash honored the passing of the former Mufti of Jerusalem Amin al-Husseini.
  292. Chuck Morse, "The Nazism Of Abu Mazen," JP, May 21, 2003.
    Haj Amin al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, is often referred to as the founder of the so-called Palestinian national movement. The mufti spent World War II in Berlin where he was the prime minister of a Nazi-Muslim government in exile. Hitler greeted the mufti as a head of state and promised him that after he won the war in Europe he would conquer the Arab world and solve the Jewish problem in Palestine. Photos and testimony have the mufti touring the death camps and letters exist of the mufti imploring Nazi’s and pro-Nazi heads of state to exterminate their Jews.

    The PLO maintained long and well-documented ties with Nazi and neo-Nazi organizations. Since the advent of Oslo, the PLO, now the Palestinian Authority, has downplayed its Nazi orientation so as to fool the useful idiots on the American and Israeli Jewish left.

    Nevertheless, in August of 1995, when the Israeli and Western-financed and armed Palestinian Authority police force finished its training, the graduates were sworn in with the Nazi salute. The commander of Force 17, which serves as Yasir Arafat’s personal praetorian guard and which has been linked to some of the worst atrocities against Israeli Jews in the present intifada is Fawsi Salim el Mahdi – better known by his nom de guerre “Abu Hitler.” El Mahdi acquired the nickname after naming his two sons Eichmann and Hitler.
  293. 293.0 293.1 Nan Jacques Zilberdik and Itamar Marcus, Abbas’ advisor praises Nazi collaborator as “role model”, Palwatch, Jul 12, 2019.

    Abbas' advisor praises Nazi collaborator as "role model" - former Mufti of Palestine Haj Amin Al-Husseini

    ... on the anniversary of his death, Abbas' advisor posted Al-Husseini's photo and praised him as a "role model"... Known Nazi collaborator, the former Mufti of Palestine Haj Amin Al-Husseini, was openly honored by Abbas' Advisor on Religious Affairs and Islamic Relations, Mahmoud Al-Habbash.... Facebook page of Mahmoud Al-Habbash, July 4, 2019... But Al-Habbash's praise is not an isolated example. The PA has named at least one school [34] after the Nazi collaborator - the Amin Al-Husseini Elementary School in El-Bireh, the current PA Mufti has honored his predecessor by laying a wreath on his grave [35], and the PA National Security Forces have highlighted Al-Husseini on Facebook [36].
  294. Daniel Schwammenthal, The Mufti of Berlin, WSJ, Sept. 24, 2009.

    Arab-Nazi collaboration is a taboo topic in the West. Berlin.

    One widespread myth about the Mideast conflict is that the Arabs are paying the price for Germany's sins. The notion that the Palestinians are the "second victims" of the Holocaust contains two falsehoods: It suggests that without Auschwitz, there would be no justification for Israel, ignoring 3,000 years of Jewish history in the land. It also suggests Arab innocence in German crimes, ignoring especially the fascist past of Palestinian leader Haj Amin al Husseini, who was not only Grand Mufti of Jerusalem but also Waffen SS recruiter and Nazi propagandist in Berlin. When a German journalist recently tried to shed some light on this history, he encountered the wrath of the Arab collaborators' German apologists.
  295. White Washing and sugarcoating: Arab biographer, Mohammed El Taher and the Mufti, DP, Dec 3, 2021
  296. Toward a Critical Rhetoric on the Israel-Palestine Conflict. United States: Parlor Press, LLC, 2015. 70-1.

    One might ask why use the Nazi swastika that proves the Holocaust did exist while at the same time denying the Holocaust ever happened. Here, anti-Semitism's rhetorical grounding is front and center; seeking to deprive Israel of the Holocaust often understood in the Islamic world as justification for its creation but also, and relatedly, seeking to take away the Holocaust cover under which the Arab world sees Israel fighting its wars of defense and survival...

    The objective of associating Israel with Nazism is also motivated by the historical development that early Muslim supporters of Nazi Germany in the Middle East did not anticipate when they were first attracted to Nazi ideology in the 1930s. That things did not develop as planned, and that Nazi Germany became synonymous with evil has not helped the Islamic world and thus what better way to distance oneself from an evil than to attach it to one's enemy, especially when evidence exists that Haj Amin Al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, not only supported Hitler's “final solution” but also organized Muslim SS troops in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  297. 297.0 297.1 Adv. Maurice Hirsch and Nan Jacques Zilberdick, "Followers: The father is called Eichmann, the son a terrorist," PMW 24/06/2021.

    On the occasion of the hunger strike of prisoner al-'Dhanfar (Ghadanfar) Abu Atwan, who is being held in an Israeli prison, the PA's official newspaper decided to dedicate a flattering article to his family.

    According to the article, the prisoner's grandfather was a terrorist who was arrested and later deported. The grandfather decided to name his son Eichmann after and as a sign of identification with the Nazi tyrant Adolf Eichmann, the architect of the "Final Solution" who was executed at the time.

    The Palestinian Eichmann continued his father's path, and was arrested and imprisoned for his involvement in terrorism.

    Today, the son of the Palestinian Eichmann is also behind bars... Eichmann went the same way, and was arrested in 1989 ...

    Eichmann came out of prison and gave birth to Al-Achenfer, who continued on the same path of struggle. It is worth noting that he is the nephew of the prisoner Manif Abu Atwan, a prisoner sentenced to five life sentences ... "

    [The official newspaper of the PA, al-Hayat al-Jadida, 13/06/2021]
  298. 298.0 298.1 Nativ, 1995, Issues 4-6, p. 55.
    Therefore, in the closing ceremony of a "police course" (that is, the future army nucleus), which was held in Jericho in August 1995 (!), The graduates swore with raising hand. Fawzi Salim al-Mahdi, one of the commanders of Force 17, Arafat's Praetorian Guard, is known as "Abu Hitler" because he called his two sons "Eichmann" and "Hitler".

    ‫נתיב‬‎. Israel: ‫הוועד להוצאת נתיב‬‎, 1995. 55‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    ... ועל כן במסדר סיום של "קורס שוטרים" (כלומר גרעין הצבא לעתיד), שנערך ביריחו באוגוסט 1995 (!) נשבעו הבוגרים במועל־יד. פאוזי סלים אל - מהדי, אחד ממפקדי "כוח 17", המשמר הפרטוריאני של ערפאת , ידוע בכינויו "אבו היטלר" שכן קרא לשני בניו "אייכמן" ו"היטלר".

  299. Jeffrey Dunetz, Wake Up And Smell the Anti-Semitism, Israel Science and Technology Directory, Mar 10 [18], 2002.
    The tradition continues today. "Mein Kampf," previously banned by Israel, has been allowed by the PA and was sixth on the Palestinian best-seller list. A senior commander in Arafat's personal bodyguard is Fawzi Salem al-Mahdi (known as "Abu Hitler"), whose two sons bear the first names Hitler and Eichmann. The official Arab mouthpieces are among the ranks of the most stubborn Holocaust deniers. And American neo-Nazi and white supremacist parties have found in Muslims a new audience to advance theories discredited in the west for more than 50 years.
  300. Perdue, Jon B.., Johnson, Stephen. The War of All the People: The Nexus of Latin American Radicalism and Middle Eastern Terrorism. United Kingdom: Potomac Books, 2012. 82
  301. Netanyahu, B. ‫A place under the sun: the struggle of the people of Israel for independence, security and peace‬‎. Israel: Yediot Achronot, 1995. 193.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    This sympathy is expressed, among other things, in the adoption of underground nicknames such as "Hitler" and "Rommel" by PLO members. This phenomenon is common among Palestinian leaders from all factions of the organization, including the "Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine", The Marxist, and Arafat's Fatah.

    The best known is Fawzi Salem al-Mahdi ("Abu Hitler"), a senior commander in Arafat's bodyguard unit, "Force 17," whose two sons bear the first names Hitler and Eichmann.

    Netanyahu, Binyamin. ‫מקום תחת השמש: מאבקו של עם ישראל לעצמאות, לביטחון ולשלום‬‎. Israel: ‫ידיעות אחרונות‬‎, 1995. 193.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    אהדה זו מוצאת את ביטויה, בין השאר, באימוץ כינויים מחתרתיים כמו " היטלר" ו"רומל " על - ידי אנשי אש"ף. תופעה זו נפוצה בקרב מנהיגים פלשתינאים מכל סיעות הארגון, ובכלל זה "החזית העממית לשחרור פלשתין", "החזית הדמוקרטית המרכסיסטית", וה"פת"ח" של ערפאת. הידוע ביותר הוא פאוזי סאלם אל-מהדי ("אבו היטלר"), מפקד בכיר ביחידת שומרי הראש של ערפאת, "כוח 17", ששני בניו נושאים את השמות הפרטיים היטלר ואייכמן.

  302. Bloom, Jack Brian. Out of Step: Life-story of a Politician : Politics and Religion in a World at War. South Africa: Jack Bloom, 2005. 333.
    In 1985, Arafat extolled his memory and emphasized that "the PLO is continuing the path set by the Mufti". A senior commander in Arafat's personal bodyguard is Fawzi Salem al-Mahdi (known as "Abu Hitler"), whose two sons bear the first names Hitler and Eichmann. The scholar Bernard Lewis notes that "Nazi" became a term of opprobrium in the Arab world only with the post-war Soviet influence...
  303. 303.0 303.1 E Weiss, "A sad journey to Joseph's tomb: a swastika on a shattered tombstone", YNet, April 23, 2009.

    Four months after the renovation of the tomb complex in Nablus and the arrangement of the entrances to the place, the 500 worshipers who went up to the tomb last night were shocked to discover that it was badly damaged - again.

    Swastikas, smashing of part of the tombstone and military shoe prints in concrete - this is how Jewish worshipers found Joseph's tomb in Nablus tonight (Thursday). "Woe to a nation that allows desecration in this way, time and time again, unhindered, its symbols and its most sacred places," says the head of the Samaria Council, Gershon Mesika, who was among the worshipers.

    Since the evacuation of Joseph's Tomb in October 2000, the tomb complex has been abandoned most of the time, vandalized and burned, with occasional groups of Jewish worshipers entering it. For long periods, the IDF completely blocked access to the site due to security warnings, but last December the tomb was renovated, and recently worshipers' visits have been held regularly, accompanied by heavy IDF security and only at night - once every few weeks.

    [Military shoe prints on the grave (courtesy of the People and Land Rescue Headquarters)]

    The group that entered Nablus tonight, on the occasion of Rosh Chodesh Iyar and Independence Day, had about 500 worshipers. When they reached the tomb, they discovered that it had been badly desecrated by the townspeople. Just one day after Holocaust Remembrance Day, worshipers and soldiers were shocked to find inscriptions of swastikas next to the tomb, as well as inscriptions of a sword raised on a Star of David, with drops of blood and a boot "stepped on" it, and other inscriptions.

    The tomb, according to the worshipers, was also badly desecrated. Throughout the tombstone, there are signs of military footprints - according to them, of Palestinian police. In two places, the tombstone was smashed and damaged.

    "Palestinian police terrorists lose humanity"

    "Only barbarians can do such terrible things," Mesika said this morning. "People who are so pathologically capable of desecrating such a sacred place ... Palestinian police terrorists have long since lost every humanity. The State of Israel must return to Joseph's tomb, as even under the Oslo Accords the threats should be."

    ... Yossi Dagan of the Chomesh First organization, who was also present at the scene, added: "Everywhere else in the country, if Jews had done a tenth of the horror to the grave of an Arab sheikh, or even thought of doing so, the whole world would have been shocked..."
  304. 304.0 304.1 Yoav Zitun, "Palestinian security forces member charged with inciting violence," Ynet, Sep 5, 2017.

    Muhammad Jalal Naji al-Sawiti, who has a senior position in the Palestinian Preventive Security Service, writes 'We need Hitler' on a photo of the Nazi leader and calls to 'shed blood' for al-Aqsa in Facebook posts.

    A member of the Palestinian security forces was arrested last month on suspicion of incitement to violence against Jews and support for a hostile organization, it was cleared for publication on Tuesday.

    Muhammad Jalal Naji al-Sawiti, a resident of Beit Awwa, holds a senior position in the office of the Palestinian Preventive Security Service (PSS) head in Jenin.

    He has been posting extremist content on his Facebook page recently, including a direct call to carry out acts of violence against Jews and words of praise, admiration and support for acts of terrorism.

    Inciting post: Missing 'people like' Eichmann (Photo: Shin Bet)

    Among other things, he posted a photo of the al-Aqsa Mosque with the call to "shed blood" for it. In addition, he posted photos of Adolf Hitler, writing "We need Hitler," as well as a photo of Adolf Eichmann, noting he misses "people like him." Inciting post: Call to 'shed blood' for al Aqsa (Photo: Shin Bet)

    Al-Sawiti was indicted for incitement at the Judea Military Court on Monday.

    Suspect is a member of the Palestinian security forces
  305. 305.0 305.1 Raphael Israeli, "War, Peace and Terror in the Middle East," Taylor & Francis, 2014, p. 205.

    One day of January 2001, at the height of the second Palestinian Intifada (2000-2003), the Israeli press carried the picture of a procession in Ramallah, which paraded a donkey wearing a Jewish prayer shawl and sporting on its forehead a Star of David in the shape of a swastika, with Palestinian police standing by and applauding the parade. The Israeli public was deeply shaken, regarding this act of profanation and abuse as a continuation of the torching of the Jewish synagogue in Jericho and Joseph's Tomb in Nablus during the initial stages of the current upheaval. In all those cases, what transpired was a Palestinian determination, born out of frustration and hatred, to take revenge on Jewish religious symbols, knowing full well the hurt and anguish they would cause among the Israeli public.

    The angered and disappointed readership of the papers was reminded that, when in 1997 a settler from Hebron held up a poster in public in which the .. Muhammad was reviled by the drawing of a pig in his proximity, she was arrested, tried for anti-religious incitement and incarcerated for three years. That event, which rightly caused Muslim outrage, was condemned across the board by Israeli politicians and clerics, who understood the sensitivity of such provocations. Israelis had therefore expected to see a similar reaction on the part of the Palestinian authorities and their religious hierarchies, but in vain.

    This phenomenon of poking the Jew in the eye in order to demean him by diminishing his national and religious symbols, has been repeatedly manifested...
  306. 306.0 306.1 Nativ, (The Committee for the Publication of Nativ, 2001). Issues 1-3, p. 22
    …she was arrested, legally charged and imprisoned. The Muslims took the case for granted because their religion does not suffer harm from any state or specification. But this did not stop them, during the current intifada, from marching a donkey wearing a tallit and wearing a swastika on the streets of Ramallah, under the watchful eye of the Palestinian police, and there is nothing horrifying. This double standard of behavior towards religions and beliefs is repeated every day...

    ‫נתיב‬‎. Israel: ‫הוועד להוצאת נתיב‬‎, 2001. 22.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
    היא נעצרה, הואשמה כדין ונכלאה. המוסלמים התייחסו למקרה כמובן מאליו, כי דתם איננה סובלת פגיעה ממדינה או מפרט כלשהו. אבל זה לא הפריע להם, בזמן האינתיפאדה הנוכחית, להצעיד חמור עטוי טלית וענוד צלב קרס בחוצות רמאללה, תחת עינם הפקוחה של השוטרים הפלשתינים, ואין מחריד. הכפילות הזו בסטנדרט ההתנהגות כלפי דתות ואמונות חוזר על עצמו מעשה יום ביומו ...

  307. 307.0 307.1 307.2 Nazism in Palestinian society and the use of Nazi symbols, ITIC - Intelligence & Terrorism Information Center, Oct 28, 2021.
    Overview

    On August 14, 2021, Palestinians from the village of Bayta held a demonstration near the outpost of Eviatar in Samaria. The outpost was evacuated in July 2021, but as part of the agreement with the Israeli government, the land is still controlled by the IDF, an issue which is currently being examined by the Civilian Authority. During they demonstration they ignited rags soaked in kerosene forming a swastika inside a Magen David.

    It was a display planed in advance by the Palestinians, who prepared it, brought it to the location of the demonstration and set it on fire, part of the night harassment units’ activities to protest the establishment of the outpost. The Palestinian Authority (PA) and Fatah support such demonstrations and always deliberately ignored such displays. Videos of the display and the demonstrators, including children, holding torches, were uploaded to the social networks and broadcast by Hamas’ al-Quds TV.

    On September 25, 2021, Israeli soldiers uploaded a video to the social networks showing a Nazi flag hanging from the power lines on the outskirts of the Palestinian village of Bayt Umar, near Hebron. Several hours later an IDF force arrived and shot the flag down. A Nazi flag was also flown in Bayt Umar in July 2014

    [Right: Nazi swastika flag in Bayt Umar (social networks, September 25, 2021). Left: Nazi swastika flag on the outskirts of Bayt Umar (picture by Avraham Weiss for Tazpit News Agency, July 6, 2014).]

    On October 22, 2021, swastikas were painted on a roadblock on the Hawwara road, south of Nablus (Twitter account of Zvi Sukkot, October 22, 2021).

    [Swastikas spray-painted on a the concrete blocks of the roadblock (Twitter account of Zvi Sukkot, October 22, 2021).]

    On June 29, 2021, a Palestinian child attending a Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) military training camp (the Palestinian version of summer camp) in the Gaza Strip was interviewed for the organization’s al-Quds al-Yawm TV station. To the Jews he said, “We asked Hitler why he left some of you alive. He did it to show how wicked you are. We will come for you from under the ground to spread terror in your hearts and above the ground we will mangle your bodies with our rockets. Go run to your shelters, you mice, you sons of Jewish women.
    PDF

    -Attitudes towards Nazism in Palestinian society against the background of the use of Nazi motifs in a demonstration near Eviatar, Terrorism-info | The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, Oct 26, 2021.

  308. Leon Wieseltier, "Palestinian Perversion of the Holocaust", The New York Times, June 12, 1988
  309. Palestinian Writer: Hamas Uses Hitler-Like Methods That Will Doom The Palestinian People Memri, Aug 26, 2015.
    Palestinian writer Majed Hadib published an article on the website Amad.ps, which is associated with the PLO and owned by former PA minister...
  310. The Australian Jewish News, 8 June 1945.

    ARAB PUPILS OF HITLER The capture of the ex-Mufti of Jerusalem has been announced re cently. He is known as an arch enemy of democracy who has led the Arab rebellions of 1936 and 1938, and who was undoubtedly the inspirator of the stiffening of Arab resistance to the Jewish claims in Palestine. Up to the last minute, he has stayed with the Hitler gang in Berlin. Behind and apart from him exist the Arab feudal lords who continue to persue their Fascist policy. Interviews given at the recent Pan-Arab congress by prominent "advisers" of the Arab rulers, reveal a perturbing picture of the mentality of these Arab overlords.

    Thus King Ibn Saud's adviser, Sheik Youssef Yussin, openly accepted the Nazi line of argument when he declared, "Our attitude to wards the Jews is the same as Europe’s attitude, Ask any European what he thinks of the Jews. He is against them and so are we . . . The Nazis killed four million Jews in Poland. If the Jews of Palestine want room, there is plenty in Poland now." We have this statement on the good authority of New York PM's Special Correspondent, who has interviewed leading Arabs on the Palestine question at the recent Pan-Arab Conference at Cairo.

    -The Sydney Jewish News, 15 June 1945. (PM = PM (newspaper)])

  311. The Arab League: Tool or Power? Weinryb, Bernard D. Commentary; New York, N. Y. Vol. 1, (Dec 1, 1945): 50 [37]; Commentary Magazine, March 1946 Foreign Affairs.

    [....] Formed in March 1945, the Arab League—consisting of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Yemen—made its international debut at the UNO conference in San Francisco soon after, and went on to open offices in London and Washington in October. The object of these offices was officially stated to be to supply information on aspects of modem Arab life, but the Washington office registered with the State Department as a foreign propaganda office, and Mr. Ahmed Shukairy, its head, declared that he was here to counteract Zionist propaganda...

    Perhaps the most important motive for “playing to the gallery” is the widespread social unrest in the Middle East. The ruling groups, absorbed by political strife during the inter-war years, “forgot” the needs of the people and the social structure of Ottoman times remain unchanged. Because of the inflation and other economic developments during this war “the rich got richer while the poor got poorer.” Contrasts between the classes have become sharper, and have led to the demand for social reforms. The League, representing the ruling groups, will need to divert attention from social to political issues. And the techniques to be employed need not be invented.

    As a matter of fact, techniques taken over from Hitler and the Nazis are already in use. We have seen the method of putting up a show, threatening the use of non-existent strength and might, resorting to nonsense for propaganda purposes and repeating this nonsense with such vigorous certainty that it becomes accepted as truth.

    The “unity” ideal, in its “exclusivist” aspect, can be exploited for fascist purposes and the “unity” drive of the Arab League seems to be approaching that pan-Arab trend which Professor H. A. R. Gibb, of Oxford University, a friend of the Arabs, termed a few years ago “an ignorant, intolerant, explosive force; it substitutes wishing for thinking, fiercely resents not only Christian domination but anything that savors of Christian practice and ideas, dreams of driving European and Jew into the ocean and restoring the glorious empire of the caliphate.”

    We have already seen efforts to camouflage the movement’s own weakness by sowing hatred, inciting to murder and pogroms, and assailing as enemies all those who are not on the League’s side. We have seen anti-Jewish riots in Egypt and Libya, the murder of statesmen, student riots against Great Britain and the Egyptian government, the slurring attack of the Arab press in Palestine on President Truman. It is now only a short step to acknowledging Nazi and fascist theories openly: the Palestine Arabic newspaper Falastin, for instance, attacked the Nuremberg trials, asserting that the Allies had no right to try nazis and nazism since this was a political ideology just as democracy and socialism are.
  312. HaMashkif – המשקיף, 9 April 1946 'Nazi-style anti-Jewish incitement in an Arab newspaper.'

    A-Sirat turns his arrows not against "Zionism" but against the Jews in general "It is no wonder that the Jews were persecuted in Europe" [sic] " - The Arabs are their enemies"

    The Arab "a-Sirat" published in its latest issue an incitement article against the Jews ...

    הסתה אנטי־יהודת בנוסח נאצי בעתון ערבי

    א־סיראט מפנה חיציו לא נגד "הציונות" אלא נגד היהודים בכלל "אין פלא שהיהודים נרדפו באירופה" [sic] ‭"‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ -‬הערבים הם אויביהם" "א־סיראט" הערבי פירסם בגליונו האחרון מאמר־הסתה נגד היהודים...

  313. Lahayal - לחייל / החיל, 14 May 1946.

    Arab Guards and the Swastika. Jerusalem .. Arab guards who passed through a van through Bnei Brak, stopped and began to paint swastikas on the walls of the Jewish houses. After residents complained at the police station, the guards were returned and wee forced to clean the walls with their bear hands. נוטרים ערבים וצלב־הקרס ירושלים (סט"א) נוטרים ערבים שעברו בטנדר דרך בני־ברק, נעצרו והחלו לצייר צלבי קרס על קירות הבתים היהודים. אחר שהתלוננו תושבי המושבה בתחנת המשטרה, הוחזרו הנוטרים והוכרחו לנקות את הקירות במו ידיהם.

  314. HaMashkif - המשקיף, 18 June 1946

    ערבים עונדים צלב־קרס תגרה פרצה אתמול בשעת הצהרים בין יהודים וערבים ברחוב יפו בירושלים, כשכמה צעירים יהודיים ניסו להסיר צלבי־קרס מעל שלש נשים ערביות, המשטרה שנקראה למקום פיזרה את הנצים. לא היו מאסרים. Arabs wear a swastika

    A brawl broke out yesterday afternoon between Jews and Arabs on Jaffa Street in Jerusalem, when several Jewish youths tried to remove swastikas over three Arab women, and the police called to the scene scattered the hawks. There were no arrests.
  315. 315.0 315.1 Elyakim Hatzni, Lethal Weapon: The Lie, News1, Nov 24, 2015.

    These days the knife intifada is raging under the false flag "Al-Aqsa is in danger!" A short line connects the lies of the Nazi Haj Amin al-Husseini to the lies of Holocaust denier Mahmoud Abbas.

    In the Middle Ages the false blood libels were used as a stage of preparation for bringing the Jews to the stake. The character assassination brought about the murder of the body. We must internalize this simple truth today. Only 86 years ago, in 1929 in Hebron, the Jews were massacred under the false slogan "Jews desecrate al-Aqsa," and these days the intifada of knives is raging under the false flag "Al-Aqsa is in danger!" A short line connects the Nazi lies of Haj Amin Al-Husseini to the lies of Holocaust denier Mahmoud Abbas.

    We encounter these lies every day, but avoid connecting them to the whole picture that reveals the murderous intent.

    Here are some examples:

    The plot of the assassination of the Arab child Muhammad al-Dura in alleged IDF shootings; the fabrication that Israel distributes drugs among Palestinian youths; the slander that Israel [sic] harvests organs from Palestinian victims; the claim that Israel murdered Arafat; Spreading the fake "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" about a criminal [sic] Jewish connection to take over the world. Even the demolition of the "Twin Towers" in New York "the man on the street" in the Arab world attributes to the...

    To total "art," the Arabs have brought the malicious lie when dealing with their murders. Gershon Mesika, who saved the life of a Jewish girl from an Arab stabbing, is accused by the Palestinian Authority of stabbing and threatening his life.

    In Ramallah, the [Arab led] car bombings are presented as road accidents that the Jews use to kill [sic] the Arab drivers. Apparently, not for nothing do they have a proverb: "He hit me and he cries, he was first, he complaints," only instead of "Hit" - say: "Kills."

    The art of lying came to a peak following the abduction and murder of the three boys, Hy”d, in Gush Etzion, in a column in the official newspaper of the PA, which claimed that the "occupation" [sic] fabricated this crime to create a cause for "aggression" in Gaza. That is, we murdered our three children ...

    The knife attack is also the upside down: according to their report, Arab hands are killed "in cold blood" by police and settlers on the false claim that they attacked Jews with knives. The IDF [sic] planted the knives on the spot. Even when an Arab bypassed cars in a traffic jam in Gush Etzion, sprayed them with automatic fire and accidentally killed an Arab driver, their media claimed without blinking: the Jews [sic] murdered him, and staged a burial for him.

    And here is what happened: After a few stabbings, the authorities closed the Gilboa (Jalamah) crossing for a while, through which thousands of Arabs from Israel pass freely to support Jenin - from vegetable sellers to dentists. Out of anxiety to their livelihood, the governor of Jenin addressed his public, including schools in Qabatiya where most of the killers came from, calling for an end to the stabbings, because the victims are in vain.

    According to a reporter for the Voice of Israel who interviewed him, they responded. He also deployed his own security personnel, who stopped several terrorists along the way. And here I ask: If it was the IDF that planted the knives, what does it have for the governor of Jenin to go to the students of Qabatiya and send people to stop threats?

    Rather, in deep in their hearts the liars know the truth. There is, for example, nothing more acceptable in the Arab world than Holocaust denial. And yet Issa Krakra, a former "minister" of prisoners, writes: "Israel murdered [sic] more than two million Palestinian children ... The number of Jewish children murdered in the Holocaust ... the Nazi did not exceed one and a quarter million ..." Well? Was there or was there not a Holocaust?

    The slander of spreading toxins is attributed to Jews throughout the Arab world, and yet they flock to Jewish doctors and hospitals. The two systems, the real and the false, lie within them in a kind of coexistence, however, in their publicity - in the media, in educational institutions, on the street - only the false version is 'politically correct' (enjoys political correctness) and alas for those who dare to come out with the truth. Therefore, do not be surprised to hear a person passionately recite false plots and then, with common sense and based on verified facts, tell the truth.
  316. "Palestine", American Zionist Emergency Council, 1946, vols. 3-6, p. 135.

    Notes on the Palestine Situation An Arab View of Mr. Truman.

    At a conference for the foreign press Sayyid Ahmad Shukeiri, Director of the Jerusalem Arab Office, commenting on President Truman's last letter to Mr. Atlee with regard to Jewish immigration to Palestine, said: "I regard President Truman's repeated declarations in favor of Zionism as a sign of the decline of American democracy. Capitalistic tyranny and angling for the vote of the five million Jews are the direct cause of this... I would have thought that this latest declaration was made by one of the great Nazi leaders who had escaped prosecution at Nuremberg..."
  317. David Horowitz, State in the Making, Knopf, 1953, pp. 67-69. [38]

    Hourani studied the writings of Herzl, Ahad Ha'am... ... el Husseini also detracted from their case. It was the year 1946. The memory of Hitler's atrocities was still vivid and loathsome. Everyone who heard it could not but show distaste for the Arab declaration that "the Mufti is our only leader and has no substitute." Hourani's testimony must have seemed unduly moderate to the Arab side in style if not in context. But Ahmed Shukairi who followed made up for the "defect." His fiery and bellicose address, studded with overt and covert threat, did indeed erase the impression Albert Hourani made, but it is highly doubtful that it produced any advantage for the Arabs. Hourani's measured statement created a sevenfold strong impression... Crossman then produced the notorious photograph showing Haj Amin reviewing Moslem volunteer units in Bosnia who had enlisted in Hitler's forces at the Mufti's initiative.

    The Arab witnesses were flabbergasted. They tried vainly to wriggle out of the mess they had made...

    ‫הורוביץ‬‎, ‫דוד‬‎. ‫בשליחות מדינה נולדת‬‎. Israel: ‫שוקן‬‎, 1951 . 95.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ [39]

    פרק יא / בסבך פתרונים

    עדותו של חורני נראתה בעיני הערבים מתונה מדי, לפחות בסגנונה אם לא בתכנה. ואחמד שוקרי, שדיבר אחריו, ניסה לתקן את הרושם הזה. נאומו החוצב להבות ושופע איומים, גלויים ונסתרים, ומלא להיטות-של-קרב, טשטש אמנם את רושם עדותו של חורני, אך ספק גדול אם טשטוש זה היה עשוי להביא לערבים תועלת כלשהי.

    ללב תריסר האנשים הקרובים והרחוקים שליד שולחן החוקרים, חדרו דברי תורני והשאירו רושם עז שבעתיים מאש השנאה היוקדת ורוח המלחמה הקנאית של אחמד שוקרי, עד לגרוטסקה הגובלת בגיחוך הביאו את הסגנון הזה כלי הקודש המוסלמים.

    הקנאות העיורת והשנאה האוכלת שבדבריהם וקיצוניותם הבלתי מתפשרת היה בהם כדי לעורר רושם שהנה הנה וכהרף-עין ישלפו סכינים מקפלי בגדיהם ויפתחו בשחיטה של ממש. סגנון דבריהם ודאי שלא חיזק את ידי הועדה להפקיר את גורל המיעוט היהודי בידם.

    ברם, כוחה של העדות הערבית היה במציאות הכבירה שמאחריה. כאשר דיבר ג'מאל חוסייני על העולם הערבי מהרי הטאורוס עד הרי האטלס נצטיירה לעיני הועדה תמונה רבת רושם של ים-אדם המלוכד סביב תכלית אחת ורעיון מדיני אחד, ואף-על-פי שהתמונה היתה כפי שהוכיחה אחר-כך המציאות, אחיזת עיניים, היה אותה שעה כמוס בה כח כביר.

    דביקותם של הערבים במופתי-ירושלים, חג' אמין אל חוסייני, לא הוסיפה להם רוב כח ועוצמה. השנה היתה שנת 1946. זכר היטלר ומעשי-זועותיו עוד חי בלב הכל, ועורר שאט-נפש. לפיכך מצאו הכל טעם לפגם בהצהרת הערבים, כי המופתי הוא "מנהיגם היחיד שאין לו תחליף". הרושם הרע עקב דבקות הערבים במופתי נתחזק מששאל אותם קרוסמן אם לחמו הערבים למען הדימוקרטיה. משקיבל תשובה חיובית חזר ושאל: האם אתם סבורים שהנאצים הם תנועה דמוקרטית! לאחר שנענה בשלילה התערב גם קראם והציג שאלה באותו ענין ונענה בהצהרת נאמנות בלתי מסויגת ולאלתר למופתי. אז הוציא קרוסמן את התצלום הנודע שבו נראה המופתי סוקר פלוגות מתנדבים מוסלמים בסרביה, שהתגייסו לצבא היטלר ביזמת המופתי. הערבים באו במבוכה ונסיונם להתחמק מן הפח שטמנו לעצמם במו ידיהם עלה בתוהו. מאורע זה עורר את חמת חלק מחברי הועדה המנדטורית על קרוסמן ו"חוסר הטאקט" שגילה לדבריהם, בהסירו את הלוט מעל קשרי המנהיגות הערבית עם הנאצים.
  318. The Australian Jewish News, 28 March 1947.

    HIGH NAZI OFFICERS TRAIN ARAB UNITS

    The search for ex-Nazi officers to train the armies of the Arab states and the other Arab military units has given rise to the founding of a new organisation in Cairo. This organisation specialises in the "liberation" of high Nazi officers and military experts from the prisoner-of-war camps in return for a handsome payment offered freely by the governments and other parties interested in the services of, the “liberated” men.

    Within the last few days, thirteen high-ranking Nazi prisoners —including one general!—who had been freed from P.W. camps and accommodated in luxurious Cairo villas, were recaptured. Their hosts were for the most part influential Egyptians who had spent many years in Nazi Germany.

    All the prisoners had been provided with suitable identification papers. Many signs point to the fact that most of the Nazi officers that were "liberated" in recent months in this manner have been smuggled into Palestine, where they are employed as instructors by "Futuwa" and "Nejada."
  319. Yonai, Ehud. Air superiority. Israel: Keter, 1993. p. 12.

    ... whereas in the eyes of the Arabs in the Land of Israel and in the surrounding countries, the Partition was a bitter failure. For them, handing over only half of Palestine to Arab hands is the same as handing over the entire country to Jews. 'Abd al-Rahman Azzam Pasha, the general secretary of the Arab League - who only four days earlier had warned the assembly that the path of partition would lead only to blood and fire" - now angrily led his delegation out of the hall. The fort was cast. Instead of sharing their biblical legacy, Jews and Arabs will be forced to fight for it. Jews and Arabs fight for it. The war began five hours after the vote. The Arab of the generation in his clothes waved to a bus on its way from the small coastal city of Netanya to Jerusalem. When the bus slowed down, the Arab pulled a submachine gun under his coat and started firing, and was soon joined by other Arabs, who were lying in ambush on the side of the road. Five Jewish passengers - two men and three women - were killed. Half an hour later, the Arab gang attacked another bus and murdered two more Jews.

    On the same day, the Palestinian Arab Higher Committee declared a three-day general protest strike. Mass demonstrations by Arabs broke out across the country. In a circular distributed to British soldiers and police, the (Arab) committee demanded that they refrain from intervening. "The Arabs have taken the final solution to the Jewish problem," the leaflet said, "they will soon evacuate you. Your sisters, wives, loved ones and families are waiting for you. You have nothing in the Arab War. Why will you die?" The British soldiers seized the matter, and kept their distance when masses of Arabs surrounded the commercial district of Jerusalem on December 2 and set it on fire, an event that resulted in the death of one Jew and the injury of twenty.

    Violence spread rapidly throughout the country, penetrating even within the prison walls, where Arab prisoners rioted and attacked Jewish detainees.

    The overt reference to a "final solution" - Hitler's code name for the extermination of European Jews - was not accidental. Haj Amin al-Husseini, the great and charismatic Mufti of Jerusalem and head of the Palestinian Arab Higher Committee, who spent most of World War II in Berlin, broadcasted Nazi propaganda to the Middle East. Now, in Cairo, he has declared jihad for the liberation of Palestine.

    His "rescue army" included two units of about a thousand fighters. One operated in the Jerusalem area under the leadership of his cousin, 'Abd al-Qader al-Husseini. The other, under the command of Hassan Salameh, who was trained in Germany, was located in the area between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. In addition to these, the Mufti, the supreme religious leader of the Palestinian Arabs, called for the recruitment of every Arab city and village into its ranks.
    [

    ‫יונאי‬‎, ‫אהוד‬‎. ‫עליונות אווירית‬‎. Israel: ‫כתר‬‎, 1993. עמ' 12.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

    ... ואילו בעיני הערבים בארץ ישראל ובמדינות שסביבה, היתה החלוקה כישלון מר. בשבילם, מסירת מחצית בלבד מפלשתינה לידיים ערביות, כמוה כמסירת הארץ כולה ליהודים. עבד אל-רחמן עזאם פאשה, המזכיר הכללי של הליגה הערבית – שרק ארבעה ימים קודם לכן הזהיר את העצרת שיינתיב החלוקה יוביל אך ורק לדם ואש" - הוביל כעת בזעם את משלחתו מן האולם החוצה. הפור הוטל. במקום להתחלק בירושתם התנ"כית , ייאלצו יהודים וערבים להילחם עליה. המלחמה נפתחה כבר חמש שעות לאחר ההצבעה. ערבי הדור בלבושו נופף לאוטובוס שהיה בדרכו מעיר החוף הקטנה נתניה לירושלים. כשהאוטובוס האט, שלף הערבי תת־מקלע מתחת למעילו והחל לירות, ובמהרה הצטרפו אליו ערבים נוספים, ששכבו במארב בצד הכביש. חמישה נוסעים יהודים - שני גברים ושלוש נשים, נהרגו. חצי שעה לאחר מכן תקפה אותה כנופיה ערבית אוטובוס נוסף ורצחה עוד שני יהודים.

    באותו יום הכריז הוועד העליון של ערביי פלשתינה על שביתת מחאה כללית בת שלושה ימים. הפגנות המוניות של ערבים פרצו בכל הארץ. בחוזר שחולק לחיילים ולשוטרים בריטים, דרש מהם הוועד להימנע מהתערבות. "הערבים לקחו לידיהם את הפתרון הסופי לבעיה היהודית," נכתב בעלון , "בקרוב יפנו אתכם מכאן. אחיותיכם, נשיכם, אהובותיכם ובני משפחותיכם מחכים לכם. אין לכם דבר במלחמת הערבים. למה תמותו?" החיילים הבריטים תפסו את העניין, ושמרו מרחק כאשר המוני ערבים הקיפו ב־2 בדצמבר את הרובע המסחרי של ירושלים והעלו אותו באש, אירוע שהביא למותו של יהודי אחד ולפציעתם של עשרים.

    האלימות התפשטה במהירות בכל רחבי הארץ, וחדרה אפילו בינות לחומות בתי הסוהר, שם התפרעו אסירים ערבים ותקפו עצורים יהודים. ההתייחסות הגלויה ל"פתרון סופי" - שֵׁם הקוד של היטלר לחיסול יהודי אירופה - לא היתה מקרית. חאג' אמין אל חוסייני, המופתי הגדול והכריזמטי של ירושלים וראש ועד ערביי פלשתינה, שהה רוב מלחמת העולם השנייה בברלין, משדר תעמולה נאצית למזרח התיכון. כעת, בקהיר, הכריז על ג'יהאד לשחרור פלשתינה.

    צבא ההצלה שלו כלל שתי יחידות בנות כאלף לוחמים. האחת פעלה באזור ירושלים בהנהגת בן דודו, עבד אל־קאדר אל-חוסייני. האחרת, בפיקודו של חסן סלאמה, שהוכשר בגרמניה, התמקמה במרחב שבין תל אביב לירושלים. נוסף על אלו, קרא המופתי, המנהיג הדתי העליון של ערביי פלשתינה לגייס כל עיר וכפר ערביים לשורותיו.

    ]

  320. Frantzman, Seth J, "Strange bedfellows," The Jerusalem Post, May 7, 2008.
    Muslim Bosnians trained by the Nazis later volunteered to fight against Israel in 1948.... 890 volunteers from Yugoslavia and Albania were in the Middle East by April 1948, before Israel's declaration of independence on May 15, 1948.
  321. The Sentinel, 12 February 1948 —REVEAL ARABS GETTING SUPPPORT FROM 'BLACK INTERNATIONAL’

    FOREIGN NEWS LETTER By Meyer Levin EDITORS NOTE: Meyer Levin, former JTA correspondent on the Western Front and a well-known novelist, has just left Palestine where he was arrested by the British authorities when he arrived at Haifa aboard the blockade-runner, 'You Can't Frighten Us.'

    PARIS , (By Wireless)—WHILE THE UNITED NATIONS IS DEBATING the question of organizing an international force to implement its decision on Palestine, another international force—The Black International—is already operating on Palestine's front, according to information made available to this correspondent by a high Haganah source.

    The Black International is an army of 30,000 veterans of fascist military forces. Some are in action already in attack against Jewish settlements, others are undergoing rapid special training in Syria.

    The army is composed of former Nazi soldiers, remnants of Gen. Vlassoy's renegade Soviet battalion.. as well as pro-Nazi Poles, Yugoslavs and Moslems whom the Mufti originally organized into a Moslem brigade to fight alongside the Germans. When I pointed out to the Haganah chief that I had heard such rumors before, he said: I wish it were only rumor, but the fact has been verified by our intelligence in Syria. Furthermore, the bodies of pro-Nazi Poles have already been found among the attackers of our colonies whom we killed. What's more , the Haifa commander of the so-called Arab revolt is a German.

    Scum of the Earth

    "These Poles, Russians, Germans and Yugoslavs are scum of the earth," the Haganah chief continued. "They are the Arabs fighting for national liberation," he said bitterly. Actually their cynical joy is unbounded at the double gift which has been handed them—the opportunity to butcher Jews, and get paid for it. They also feel, the Haganah man said, that they never actually lost the war, since the world permits them to complete Hitler's fantastic campaign for the destruction of the Jewish people. The existence of this army proves at least that one of Hitler's theories is valid—the contention that the most enormous crimes are possible because the human mind refuses to accept the fact that such horrors were really committed . Until the very end of the war, and even today , people refused to believe Hitler really exterminated six million Jews, and similarly at present the world refuses to believe the open boast of Syria that Palestine will be invaded and the remaining 600,000 Jews there will be massacred. Even a seasoned newspaperman remarked to me, You don't really believe that the world would let that happen do you?"

    The answer is—It is happening!

    Consistent with the formation of the Black International for the destruction of the last tenth of the Jews who escaped from Europe, is the British policy in Palestine—to stand by and watch the slaughter . Our long-resisted Jewish claim that the British in Palestine would let the Jews bleed to death—I resisted the notion as one of those things too horrible to believe — appears to be tragically accurate . Since my recent visit to Palestine , and following day-to-day reports piling up on the number of Jewish dead , while the British military always stands by or arrives too late , I am convinced that whatever policy or intentions the London executors in Palestine are pursuing , they mean to give the Mufti every chance to complete the job he started with Hitler. I fear that the British in Palestine are permitting easily preventable holocausts to occur. I declare that the source for this action can only be deliberate evil plan to destroy Jewish life. Last week, it was Hebron where 35 Jews, surrounded by 900 Arabs, were massacred while the British armed units stood by as referees. This week the same story was repeated at Yechiam. Yesterday it was again Jerusalem , where , on the Jerusalem - Tel-Aviv roads, seven Jews were slaughtered, in the absence of British military patrols. I recently participated in a convoy on this road in the total absence of any British patrol. I can testify that the oft-repeated British announcement that the road was patrolled and safe can almost be interpreted as a lure for the Jews to venture forth to their death. After such an announcement, high. Jewish leaders did venture out.

    Road Patrols Absent

    Hans Beyth, Youth Aliyah leader, was killed; Mrs. Goldie Meirson , head of the political department of the Jewish Agency in Jerusalem, barely escaped in a riddled automobile—testifying to the total absence of road patrols. This road is only one hour long. It could be safeguarded by half a dozen cars in the spots known to be bad . This road, the very life-line to the community in Jewish Jerusalem , is unprotected. This condition lends credence to Jewish accusations that the British are deliberately hurting the Palestine situation to prove that partition is unworkable. In Jerusalem itself, I was repeatedly warned by Jews not to work after dark because Arabs might shoot; but British troops, believed to belong to Mosley's anti-Semitic movement, frequently took pot shots at the passersby in Jerusalem's Jewish streets. The Jews accusations are feasible when one remembers the spectacle of Syria, a member of the United Nations, openly harboring Nazi-minded Arabs, who have told British reporters of their intention to annihilate the Jews. Even the Syrian Defense Minister has repeated the same intention. Haganah sources assert that the gathering of the Black International in Syria can be observed immediately, since every vessel stopping at Haifa with Britons, then proceeds to Beirut People say that it is impossible that such evils exist, which is exactly what

    they said about the gas chambers in Poland. Today in Palestine, Jews who escaped the gas chambers are being shot down by the same hands that turned the gas off.
  322. Davar - דבר, 14 January 1948.

    נאצים מפקדים על כנופיות לונדון, 13 (סי"צ). ‭‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ 'דיילי גראפיק' מודיע, כי שרותי המודיעין הבריטיים מתחקים על עקבות שבויי מלחמה גרמניים המשתתפים בכנופיות הערביות.

    לדברי העתון משתתפים בקרבות כ-30 נאצים, מהם 15 כמדריכים באזור חברון.

    ארבעת נאצים מפקדים על כנופיה 200 ערבים באזור ירושלים. London, 13. AFP (Agence France-Pres). The 'Daily Graphic' reports that the British intelligence services are tracking down German POWs participating in the Arab gangs.

    According to the newspaper, about 30 Nazis are participating in the battles, 15 of them as instructors in the Hebron area.

    Four Nazis command a gang of 200 Arabs in the Jerusalem area.
  323. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 25 May 1948.

    3 מן הטייסים שהופלו - גרמנים נאצים מחיפה מודיעים: נודע, ששלושה מבין חמשת הטייסים המצרים שהופלו ביום השבת באיזור חיפה, הם לא מצרים ואף לא ערבים. סבורים, שהם גרמנים נאציים. 3 of the pilots who were shot down - Nazi Germans

    From Haifa its announced: It was learned that three of the five Egyptian pilots who were shot down on Saturday in the Haifa area are neither Egyptians nor Arabs. They are believed to be Nazi Germans.
  324. Kadish, Alon; Ehrnvald, Moshe, Yevusi Battles, 2008. 73.

    At 5:40 a.m., Arabs were reported ascending from Wadi Joz to the road, and in the early morning hours an Arab shooting attack began on a Nashashibi house from the buildings and courtyards next to it. It was a counterattack initiated by Hajat Abu Gharbiya, commander of the Bab al-Zahara neighborhood. An Arab squad placed a machine gun in a window of a roof room in a building opposite Beit Nashashibi and opened fire, until one of its men was hit by Palmach gunfire. The Arab shooting caused more casualties among the Palmach members. As a result, Zivi ordered Amitai's class and the sabotage squad to seize the building south of Nashashibi's house and blow it up so that it would not block the field of vision to the south.

    A search revealed that the building's occupants had hastily abandoned it, and a German flag with a black swastika in the center was found. The discovery of the flag shocked the Palmach and aroused the suspicion among them that Germans were among the Arab fighters of the neighborhood. The building was blown up and collapsed to the ground and a field of vision was created that made it possible to view the entire Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. When Amitai returned with his class and the saboteurs, it became clear to him that Zivi was wounded in the abdomen.

    Since most of the company commanders were wounded, Zivi appointed platoon commander Uri Amitai as his successor. In the meantime, he coordinated and organized the evacuation of the wounded with the battalion headquarters.

    The dead and ten wounded were taken by ambulance to Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus. The ambulances brought food, water and ammunition to the force that remained in the Nashashibi house, which now numbered about 70-60 fighters. The stories of the wounded, who were in a good mood and confident in the results of the battle, aroused in some of the people of Hadassah an optimistic feeling that the end of the siege on Mount Scopus was near.


    בשעה 05:40 דווח על ערבים העולים מוואדי ג'וז לכביש, ובשעות הבוקר המוקדמות החלה מתקפת ירי ערבית על בית נשאשיבי מהבניינים והחצרות שלידו. הייתה זו התקפת-נגד שיזם בהג'ת אבו ע'רביה, מפקד שכונת באב אל-זהרה. חוליה ערבית הציבה מקלע בחלון בחדר גג בבניין ממול בית נשאשיבי ופתחה באש, עד שאחד מאנשיה נפגע מירי אנשי הפלמ"ח. גם חמשת הלוחמים הערביים, שהתבצרו על גג בית נשאשיבי ושלטו משם על המרפסת הדרומית של הבניין, הצטרפו ללחימה. עם זאת, הערבים הסתפקו בירי ולא הסתערו על הבניין. הירי הערבי גרם לנפגעים נוספים מבין אנשי הפלמ"ח. כתוצאה מכך, הורה זיוי לכיתה של אמתי ולחוליית החבלה לתפוס את הבניין שמדרום לבית נשאשיבי ולפוצצו, כדי שלא יחסום את שדה הראייה לכיוון דרום.

    בסריקה התברר, כי דיירי הבניין נטשו אותו בחופזה, ונמצא דגל גרמני עם צלב קרס שחור במרכזו. מציאת הדגל זעזעה את אנשי הפלמ"ח ועוררה בקרבם את החשד, שגרמנים נמצאים בין הלוחמים הערביים של השכונה. הבניין פוצץ וקרס עד היסוד ונוצר שדה ראייה שאיפשר לצפות על כל שכונת שייח' ג'ראח. כאשר חזר אמתי עם כיתתו והחבלנים, התברר לו כי זיוי נפצע בבטנו. מאחר ומרבית מפקדי הפלוגה נפצעו, מינה זיוי את מפקד הכיתה אורי אמיתי למחליפו, ובינתיים תיאם וארגן את פינוי הפצועים עם מפקדת הגדוד. הרוג ועשרה פצועים הובאו באמבולנסים לבית החולים "הדסה" בהר הצופים. האמבולנסים הביאו עמם מזון, מים ותחמושת לכוח שנותר בבית נשאשיבי, שמנה עתה כ־70-60 לוחמים. סיפורי הפצועים, שהיו במצב רוח טוב ובטוחים בתוצאות הקרב, עוררו בקרב חלק מאנשי "הדסה" תחושה אופטימית, שסיום המצור על הר הצופים קרוב.

  325. Kliersfeld, Joseph. Mi-mandaṭ li-medinah: yoman Milḥemet ha-Shiḥrur shel ʻam Yiśraʾel, 29 be-November 1947-be-Mai 1949. Israel: R. Mass, 1952. 2. [40]

    Nazi-Palestinian flag

    This is how the Arabs imagined the end of the war with the Jews. When our boys conquered Katamon, in the south of Jerusalem, they found inside a house these flags that the Arabs were provided by their Nazi friends with the Mufti's efforts. The flags were ready for "in due course."

    Kalir, Joseph. ‫ממנדט למדינה: יומן מלחמת השחרור של עם ישראל, 29 בנובמבר 1947־12 במאי 1949‬‎. Israel: ‫ר. מס‬‎, 1952. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ 2.

    דגל נאצי־פלשתינאי כך תארו לעצמם הערבים בדמיונם סיום המלחמה עם היהודים. כשכבשו בחורינו את קטמון, בדרומה של ירושלים, מצאו בתוך בית את הדגלים האלה שספקו לערבים ידידיהם הנאצים בהשתדלות המופתי. הדגלים היו מוכנים ל"עת מצוא". (מאוסף הצילומים של הארכיון הציוני הכללי של ההסתדרות הציונית ירושלים).

  326. "British Shut Eyes to Arab Terrorist. Allow Rebel Chieftain to Pass Through Zion... Kawkaji turned up in Iraq during the pro-Nazi coup d'etat in 1941 and fled to Berlin with the Mufti when that abortive revolt was put down." The Detroit Jewish Chronicle and the Legal Chronicle March 07, 1947. Page 14.
  327. Mati Alon, "Holocaust and Redemption." (United States: Trafford, 2003). p. 207.
    ...together with Fawzi Kaukji and Wasef Kamal, helped organize Muslim SS-units in the Balkan.
  328. Emmanuel Navon, "The Star and the Scepter: A Diplomatic History of Israel." (U of Nebraska Press, 2020), p. 131.
    In September 1947, the Arab League established an Arab Liberation Army. It was led by Fawzi al-Qawuqji, who had been in charge of broadcasting Nazi propaganda in the Arab world during Second World War. Al-Husseini's chief bomb-maker, Fawzi al-Kutub, had learned bomb construction in an SS course in Nazi Germany.
  329. Talmi, Menachem., Talmi, Ephraim. The Book of Galilee: Notes, Stories and Poems. [Sefer haGalil]. Israel: Amichai, 1955, p. 218.

    The end of Tishrei 5709 ... Only a few hours ago, the exchange of gunfire between our soldiers and gangs of Kaukji volunteers ceased, and the wonderful Galilean peace has already won. We set out to tour the roads of the liberated Galilee ... The Israeli pioneer corps found sheep slaughtered .. in the Rashbi's yard, but the Kaukji men could not make their hearts rejoice in them ...

    We passed the tombs of the heads of the Sanhedrin Shemaiah and Avtalion in Gush Halav and approached Sasa. At the entrance - ancient caves of ancient righteous people.

    We entered the empty mosque. The mosque was built on the remains of an ancient wall of a Hebrew synagogue. In one room next to the mosque we saw a shocking painting: an Arab battle plane with a swastika on its wings bombing a Hebrew Magen David Adom ambulance, and the wounds of the passengers bleeding: in front of the ambulance and behind it two Arab armored vehicles with large swastikas. Lethal fire was fired at the ambulance from the Arab plane.

    And here my right foot came across a metal thing stuck in the clay floor. And how great was my surprise when I lowered the clay over it and I saw wonderfully delicate and beautiful developments, in semicircles and different sizes, in the string of semicircles I saw three similar cuts to ancient Torah scroll patterns. A shiver went through my flesh. They are an ancient menorah. Alongside the menorah were two protruding handles for the missing jugs of oil. . I pressed the menorah to my heart, and continued to look for the rest of its parts in the immediate vicinity. Unfortunately I did not find more than that. When I returned home I continued to clean the menorah.

    עמ' 218.

    סוף תשרי תש"ט... רק לפני שעות ספורות נשתתקו חילופי היריות בין חיילינו ובין כנופיות מתנדבי קאוקג'י, וכבר עתה ניצח השקט הגלילי הנפלא. יצאנו לסייר בדרכי הגליל המשוחרר... חיל החלוץ הישראלי מצא בחצרו של הרשב"י כבשים שחוטים ל'טביחה", אולם אנשי קאוקג'י לא הצליחו לשמח בהם את ליבם...

    עברנו את קברות ראשי הסנהדרין שמעיה ואבטליון בגוש חלב והתקרבנו לסאסא. בכניסה --מערות עתיקות של צדיקים קדמונים.

    נכנסנו למסגד הריק. המסגד נבנה על שרידי חומה עתיקה של בית כנסת עברי. בחדר אחד הסמוך למסגד נתגלה לעינינו ציור מזעזע: אוירון קרב ערבי עם צלב-הקרס על כנפיו מפציץ אמבולנס עברי של "מגן דוד אדום", ומפצעי הנוסעים שותת דם: מול האמבולנס ומאחוריו שני משוריינים ערביים עם צלבי קרס גדולים. על האמבולנס ניתכת אש קטלנית מהאוירון הערבי.

    והנה נתקלה רגלי הימנית בדבר־מתכת שהיה תקוע ברצפת־החמר. הרימותי ומה רבתה הפתעתי, כשהורדתי מעליו את הטיט ולעיני נתגלו פיתוחים עדינים ויפים להפליא, בחצאי עיגולים ובגדלים שונים, במחרוזת חצאי־העיגולים נתגלו לעיני שלושה חתכים דומים לתבניות ספרי תורה עתיקים. רעד עבר בבשרי. הן זו חנוכיה עתיקה. לצדי החנוכיה נמצאו בולטים שני קני־אחיזה לפכי השמן שנעלמו . . לחצתי את החנוכיה ללבי, והוספתי לחפש את יתר חלקיה בסביבה הקרובה. אולם לצערי לא מצאתי יותר מזה. עם שובי הביתה הוספתי לנקות את החנוכיה.

  330. 'Al ha-mishmar - על המשמר, 20 July 1960.

    A German Weekly Reveals: Eichmann helped Arabia against Israel Bonn, Tuesday. - Adolf Eichmann continued his war against Jews at the end of World War II with the help of zealous Arabs - writes the widely circulated West German weekly "Bunte Deutsche Illustrierte". The weekly illustrated publishes a message, given to his correspondent Bruno Arnold, in the Sinai desert, by "Sheikh Ahmad," whose identity has not been disclosed. "Eichmann, who exterminated more Jews than all of us together, provided us with the weapons we are fighting against Israel. We swore to die and not leave Palestine in the hands of the Jews. We will kill them wherever they are," the Sheikh said. The weekly's correspondent adds that after the Sinai War, Fedayeen operations against Israeli farmers in the Negev decreased, but "new assassinations, on a larger scale, are being prepared." "These operations," the reporter stresses, "are organized by former Nazis who found refuge in the Near East." (Y.R.) שבועון גרמני מגלה: אייכמן עזר לערב נגד ישראל בון, יום ג'. — אדולף אייכמן המשיך בתום מלחמת-העולם השנייה את מלחמתו ביהודים בעזרת ערבים קנאים — כותב היום השבועון המערב-גרמני רב התפוצה "בונטה דויטשה אילוסטרירטה". השבועון המצוייר מפרסם הודעה, שנמסרה לכתבו ברונו ארנולד, במדבר סיני , מפי "השיך אחמד", שזהותו לא פורשה. "אייכמן, שהשמיד יותר יהודים מאשר כולנו יחדיו, סיפק לנו את כלי־הנשק בהם אנו נלחמים נגד ישראל. נשבענו למות ולא להשאיר את פלשתינה בידי היהודים. נהרוג אותם באשר נמצאם" — אמר השיך. כתב השבועון מוסיף, כי לאחר מלחמת-סיני פחתו פעולות הפדאין נגד חוואים ישראליים בנגב, אולם "התנקשויות חדשות, בקנה־מידה נרחב יותר, נמצאות בהכנה". "פעולות אלו, מטעים הכתב, מאורגנות על־ידי נאצים לשעבר, שמצאו מקלט במזרח הקרוב. התפקיד של אימון יחידות הפדאין מוטל בעיקר על אנשי ס"ס לשעבר" — כותב השבועון. (ע"ץ)

    -Eichnann Supllied Weapons to the Fedayeen, LaMerchav, July 20, 1960

  331. The American Jewish World, 28 December 1956.
    Church Leaders Condemn Nasser’s Reign of Terror

    NEW YORK (JTA) -- Prominent churchmen , members of Congress and leaders in education, civic and communal affairs joined with the American Jewish Congress to protest the Egyptian Governments persecutions of Egyptian Jews. The protests were voiced at a public rally sponsored by the AJC , at the Hotel Statler. Dr. Harry Gideonse, president of Brooklyn College, condemned the lawless treatment of Jews, warning that never since the days of Munich have we been so near to another World War, or in such a complete state of chaos as to the policies or even the facts that are involved.

    Dr. Joachim Prinz , R. of Congregation Bnai Abraham in Newark, N. J., whose former Berlin synagogue was burned by the Nazis , charged Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser with collaborating with top Nazis in his terroristic program against Jews.

    He said Gen. Otto Remer headed the Egyptian training program which created the fedayeen and the Algerian guerilla fighters.

    He named Willy Beisner and Johan Van Leers, both Nazis, as Nasser collaborators.

    Citing French intelligence sources, Dr. Prinz named the infamous Karl Eichmann as the man behind Egypt's program of terror. Eichmann was the head of the Jewish Gestapo department in 1938. Together with Himmler, the rabbi charged, Eichmann was responsible for the murder of millions of Jews.

    The rally concluded with adoption of a resolution calling on President Eisenhower to instruct our UN delegation to place the facts of the persecution before the General Assembly. The resolution also urged that Egyptian Jews be admitted to the U.S. under the parole provisions of our permanent immigration laws and be granted the same opportunities given to Hungarian refugees.
  332. 332.0 332.1 Facts, vols. 18-22, Anti-defamation League of B'nai B'rith., 1968, p. 482.

    The Organization of Arab Students (OAS) claims to represent all Arab students on American college and university campuses. Although it purports to function as a "cultural and educational" organization, OAS is, in fact, a major source of anti-Israel propaganda in the United States. On March 7, 1969, pro-Arab activists distributed copies of Free Palestine, the Fatah publication, along with subscription blanks, at a Los Angeles meeting sponsored by the Arab Higher Committee, headed by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem supported Hitler in World War II.

    Featured speaker at the meeting was Issa Nakhleh, a representative in the U.S. of the Mufti group. Invitations to the meeting were sent to persons on the mailing lists of the Christian Nationalist Crusade, the orgnization headed by Gerald Smith, long-time anti- Jewish propagandist, and of Western Front, an organization headed by Walter White, husband of Mrs. Opal Tanner White, a long-time Smith aide.
  333. The Arab League’s Propaganda Campaign in the U.S. Against the Establishment of a Jewish State - 1944-1947. Rickenbacher Daniel. Israel Studies. Volume 25, Issue 1. Spring 2020.
    ... In 1944, the Arab League started planning a propaganda offensive in Western countries to prevent the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine. The League’s focus of attention was the United States, where, members believed, Palestine’s future would eventually be decided and where they deemed it imperative to counter the Zionist campaign. In 1945 and 1946, it opened offices in Washington, D.C. and New York. The efficiency of these offices in undermining support for Zionism in the US was, however, hampered by infighting between Musa Alami, head of the Arab Offices, and the leader of the Palestinian national movement Amin al-Husseini. When the British relegated the Palestine Question to the UN, the Arab League and the Arab Higher Committee (AHC) were therefore ill-prepared to meet the challenge. Omar Haliq, a member of the anti-Zionist Institute of Arab-American Affairs (IAAA), devised a strategy to mobilize Catholic anti-Semitism in Latin America and Europe for their cause. As a result of these recommendations, in April 1947, the AHC sent a team of senior members, many of them experienced in the field of propaganda, to the US. Moreover, a special committee staffed by the Arab representatives at the UN and functionaries of the AHC was set up to organize a propaganda campaign focusing on South America. The strategy, however, was not successful. Most of Latin America and Catholic Europe voted for UN resolution 181 on November 29, 1947, at the UN session in Lake Success... The Arab special committee had set aside $25,000 for its campaign in South America. To this purpose, it produced material in the local languages and established an Arab Office in Rio de Janeiro. Issa Nakhla and Akram Zuaiter acted as roving ambassadors in North and South America in 1947. Nakhla had already gathered experience in public diplomacy during his student years in London prior to WWII, where he worked at the Arab propaganda office under Izzat Tannous. Zuaiter was a committed nationalist and militant who had joined the Arab Revolt (1936-39). After fleeing Palestine, he allegedly worked as a liaison for the Mufti with the Germans and was involved in the 1941 pro-Nazi coup of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani in Iraq. The special committee also dispatched two delegations to Latin America, one chaired by Akram Zuaiter and the other by Mustafa Khalidi, a professor at the American University in Beirut. In Brazil, Zuaiter’s delegation attended the Pan-American Conference and met with notable members. They also held a rally for the Arab community in Brazil, where they promised to conserve the Arab character of Palestine.
  334. Anti-Jewish Activities of the Arabs in Argentine, Daia, April 1958.

    The Arab League... under the disguise of other names, or by fronting through other Arab or Argentine bodies, it is intensely active. Its representative until lately was Issa Nakhle, who, inter alia, published under his editorship the journal "America y Oriente", starting from November 20, 1952, until he left the country in 1956. "AMERICA Y ORIENTE" was a very efficient arm of the Arab propaganda, and reached wide circulation among the leading Peronist circles, antisemitic nationalist groups, nazi elements and university circles. ... "Delegation of the League of Arab States" and of its head, Mr. Issa Nakhle, stressing that by a campaign of instigation to racial and religious hate an attempt is being made to create in the public opinion a feeling contrary to the friendly relations between Argentina and Israel. This poisonous agitation, carried out through ‘the dispatch of letters and pamphlets profusely distributed in the streets, propagates vicious slander, appealing to the most primitive instincts and attempts to convince the public of the existence of a "world Jewish plot whose objective is to throw out Christianity from the holy places in Palestine". This propaganda was a direct outgrowth of the one carried out in Nazi Germany...

    later he was the founder and editor of the journal "America y Oriente", known for its systematical anti-Jewish campaign and its glorification of the totalitarian regimes, particularly of the Nazi Germany. In August 1956 Issa Nakhle returned to Argentina, after a prolonged trip to the Soviet Union, this time in his character of head of the "Delegation of the League of Arab States", armed with a diplomatic passport as pleni-potentiary minister of the Syrian government.
  335. 'Nazi-Arab cooperation endangers the Jews of South America.' Shalom Yedidya. Haaretz, February 3, 1952, p. 2 (שלום ידידיה, "שיתוף פעולה נאצי־ערבי סכנה ליהודי דרום־אמריקה", הארץ 3 פברואר 1952, עמ' 2.).

    (From the Jewish press in the world)

    Jews in many Latin American countries are in danger from the growing cooperation between the Arabs living in the South American continent and Germany, who have been living in this part of the world and receiving incessant Nazi reinforcements for the past few years. The Arabs of South America awoke to anti-Jewish action during the War of Independence in Palestine, but the impact of their action was not very pronounced, since they were not organized and did not play a very important role in the life of the general public. What is not so, these Germans were very active during World War II and then established Nazi centers in most parts of the South American continent, but after Hitler's defeat they fell silent for a while. The changes that have taken place in world policy towards Germany in recent years and the reinforcement of the people that the Germans in South America are constantly receiving in the migration of German experts, most of them Nazis have again encouraged them to resume their efforts more vigorously. They are taking advantage of the anti-Jewish unrest among many Arab residents and trying to provoke an anti-Jewish movement. These dangers can no longer be ignored.

    Tensions among Bolivian Jews There is still a state of tension among Bolivian Jews, although some plots to assassinate their rights in this country have been thwarted. The revolutionary nationalist movement in Bolivia, many of whose leaders are outspoken Nazis and fascists, was about six months ago very close to the seizure of power in this country. The connection did not succeed thanks to the intervention of the army, but even today the situation there should not be seen as stable and the Jews of this country, who are economically successful, are very concerned about the developments that may occur in the future. Under the influence of nationalist circles, the previous Bolivian government drafted a series of laws aimed at reducing the economic activity of the Jews in the country. The Ministry of Finance has prepared a law, according to which importers without Bolivian citizenship or those who received their citizenship by way of naturalization were required to deposit with the government a deposit that exceeds ten times the deposit required by native importers. The law was directed against the Jews who play an important role in the state's foreign trade and could have harmed them. Thanks to the intervention of the World Jewish Congress, the decree was repealed but the minds of Bolivian Jews have not rested to this day. The Nazi experts who came from various European countries and managed to infiltrate many government offices continue in the intrigue.

    Centers for Antisemitic Literature and Press One of the most important centers for the publication of pro-Nazi newspapers and antisemitic literature exists in Argentina. But also in many other Latin American countries. The main danger lies in the fact that Nazi incitement penetrates through various channels into the Spanish public in the country. The Argentine Jewish Representation "Daia" has recently published a series of protests in the local press about the fact that the children's school staff in this country are writing in an antisemitic spirit... DAIA has launched an action to remove this textbook from schools. The same book was approved by the Argentine Minister of Education in 1951 for school-age children. 10-9. The German newspaper "Der Weg" continues to conduct antisemitic propaganda not only in Argentina but also in other countries of South America and in this matter there was even a demand for intervention of the "State Department" in Washington.

    The situation of the Jews of Brazil In Brazil, several German war criminals found refuge. Some of them even head large commercial enterprises and their presence provoked sharp protests as well as demonstrations ... but was not able to change the situation. The Germans have considerable influence in Brazil and from time to time they exploit this fact to expose their hostility to the Jews.

    There is concern among the Jews of Brazil about their future, but for the time being their economic situation in the country is well established, and from a social point of view, the Jewish public in the country is crystallizing...
  336. 336.0 336.1 Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Vol. 113, Pt 17. United States Congress, 1967, p. 22718.

    The Palestine Arab Delegation is in fact the local agency of the Arab Higher Committee for Palestine, an international Arab organization formed at Cairo in 1946, under the chairmanship of the ineffable Grand Mufti Mohammad Amin el-Husseini the same noisome personage who had earlier served as Hitler's advisor on 'the liquidation of the Jewish question.' The Mufti's committee maintains offices in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq besides its overseas representatives in the United States... this "delegation" maintains relations with the most undesirable on the American political scene. Not long ago, its postage meter was used to distribute a mailing of James H. Madole's National Renaissance Party Bulletin—a publication of a group described in a staff report of the House Un-American Activities Committee as avowedly neo-nazi in character.

    (An earlier issue of the same publication carried the headline: "Adolf Hitler, the George Washington of Europe").

    Long articles by this "delegation" have been reprinted in Common Sense The Cross and the Flag. The Palestine Arab Delegation also maintains relations with the Neo-Nazi National Renaissance Party....
  337. Jean-Francois Nadeau , "The Canadian Fuhrer: The Life of Adrien Arcand," (Lorimer, 2011), p. 351.
    Issa Nakhleh, letter to Adrien Arcand, New York, 30 December 1963...
  338. Jean-Francois Nadeau , "The Canadian Fuhrer: The Life of Adrien Arcand," (Lorimer, 2011), p. 42. [41].
    Oriental grocers, nauseating Palestinian restaurants...
  339. Jewish Observer and Middle East Review, Vol. 21, (William Samuel & Company Limited, 1972), p. 7.
  340. The Times from San Mateo, California, November 14, 1972. Page 10.

    Arab Says Hitler Didn't Kill Jews

    UNITED NATIONS (UPI) -

    The extermination of six million Jews on orders of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was "a big [sic] lie" concocted by ...who are still "very much alive" in the United States and Israel, a Palestinian Arab told the United Nations Monday. Issa Nakhleh, head of the so - called "Palestine Arab deleglion" addressed the General Assembly's special political committee. currently in the middle of its annual debate on Palestine Arab refugees.
  341. Shofar FTP Archive File: orgs/american/ihr//nakhleh
    One participant of the 1982 conference was Issa Nakhleh, head of the Palestine Arab Delegation, an extremist pro-PLO group originally formed by the notorious Grand Mufti of Jerusalem who broadcast from Nazi Germany to the Arabs in the Middle East. In the US, Nakhleh has associated in recent years with Western Front, an antisemitic organisation.

    This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

    As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.
  342. Ian Barnes, 'Propaganda Spurs Invitation to Join Rising "white army." ' The Jewish Floridian and Shofar of Greater Hollywood, October 29, 1982. p.7-b.
  343. The American Spectator, Vol. 19, p. 20, Saturday Evening Club, Publisher, American Spectator, 1986
    "One of the World Muslim Congress's representatives at the symposium was Issa Nakhleh"
  344. Gill Seidel, "The Holocaust denial: antisemitism, racism... ," 1986, p.28.
    The previous year the conference had been addressed by Mr Issah Nakhleh, who describes himself as "Legal Adviser to the World Muslim Conference"...
  345. Pierre-André Taguieff, Fayard, "Les Protocoles des sages de Sion: Faux et usages d'un faux", Oct 6, 2004.
    ... ainsi qu'à l'intervention très significative du président de la Délégation arabe palestinienne aux Nations Unies, également conseiller juridique au Congrès mondial musulman, Issa Nakhleh, auprès du procureur général de Stockholm, Thorsten Jonsson, et demandant à celui - ci par un télégramme officiel la mise en liberté de Ditlieb Felderer.
  346. Alan Abrams, "Lifting the Veil." Detroit Jewish News, Aug. 3, 1984, p.14 Alan Abrams, Lifting The Veil

    An Arab conference in Dearborn spews anti-Israel propaganda and reveals an Islamic mind-set on the Middle East. By Alan Abrams Special to The Jewish News ... His opening remarks made his stand crystal clear. "Dearborn has some historical connections with the problems of the Middle East," said Nakhleh. "It was in this city that Henry Ford wrote that important book, The International Jew. He exposed the international Zionist conspiracy in the world. And for this, Dearborn is a very historical city. "But not only that," continued Nakhleh. "During the 1940s and 1950s, there was an important [sic] Father Coughlin with his radio broadcasts. He was fighting the Israeli-Zionist... And he was a (major) voice until he died only several years ago. So it is fitting that we should meet in this important city to discuss Jerusalem and the Zionist lobby in the United States." That set the tone for Nakhleh's speech, a lengthy litany of accusations

    Issa Nakhleh makes his allegations... convention of the Federation of Islamic Associations in the United States and Canada Inc. (FIA) last weekend. (The organization, whose headquarters are in suburban Redford Township, claims a membership of 350,000). But in the words of Nakhleh, "here we should have 1,000 people, but we have maybe 150." Attendance at Sunday's events, culminated by a banquet, was considerably higher. Detroit City Council President Erma Henderson was among the non-Muslim personalities in attendance. Although invited, Rep. John Conyers Jr. was in Washington.

    Established in 1952, the FIA is as the name suggests, an umbrella organization of local Muslim communities in North America. The association places a heavy emphasis on the religious aspects of Islam and maintains an Islam anti-defamation office. It is considered to be a moderate voice in the Arab American political spectrum. The organization pulls heavy support from Iraqi small businessmen, many of whom live in the greater Detroit area. Nakhleh was scheduled to be one of two speakers on a panel dealing with Jerusalem... The U.S. came in for its share of abuse as well. Nakhleh called America "an accomplice to the "crime".. He defended Rev. Louis Farrakhan as "one of the greatest eloquent orators I have ever heard..."

    Hajji Abdullah Ahmad of Philadelphia distributed literature denying that six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust.
  347. Sulam, 1957, p.5.
    As long as Nasser succeeds in the global arena and promises to destroy Israel... No wonder then ... swastikas appeared.
  348. LaMerhav - למרחב, 7 March 1960.

    קנס למצייר צלב קרס חיפה, יום א'. — שופט השלום ש. רזי , קנס היום במאה וחמישים ל"י, או מאסר של חודש ימים את גאבי טאויל, ערבי נוצרי בן ‭24‬ מחיפה שנמצא אשם בציור צלב קרס באוקטובר שעבר.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ הנאשם צייר באוקטובר אשתקד צלב קרס על קיר מוסך בקרבת ככר פייצל בחיפה. השופט קבע בגזר-דינו כי מעשהו של הנאשם עלול היה לגרום לתוצאות רציניית ביותר. A fine for drawer of swastika Haifa, Sunday. - Justice of the Peace S. Razi, fined one hundred and fifty pounds today, or sentenced to one month in prison to Gabi Tawil, a 24-year-old.. Arab from Haifa who was found guilty of drawing a swastika last October.

    The defendant painted a swastika on a garage wall near Faisal Square in Haifa last October. The judge ruled in his sentence that the defendant's act could have resulted in extremely serious consequences.
  349. Davar - דבר, 19 January 1960.

    מועצת אירופה [...] "האנטישמיות מכוונת מקאהיר" העתון "וורלד טלגראם" מביא היום בעמודו הראשון ידיעה, מבלי לציין את מקורה, בה נאמר ש"מסע-השנאה" מנוהל מקאהיר על-ידי "קומוניסטים ונאצים לשעבר, העובדים עתה כשכירים בשירותה של הקהיליה הערבית המאוחדת‭. "‬ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ העתון מציין גם שנודע לו שהליגה הערבית מעורבת במסע זה, ושאגודות סטודנטים ערביים באוניברסיטאות מערב-גרמניות נטלו חלק בלכלוך קירות של מוסדות יהודיים‭.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ העתון כותב שה'מוח המתכנן' שמאחורי המסע האנטישמי הוא ד"ר יוהנס ואן לירס, מי שהיה סגנו של יוזף גבלס. "ואן לירס בחר לעצמו שם ערבי, עבר לדת המוסלמית, והקיף את עצמו בתגרני-השטנה המרושעים ביותר בעולם, שרבים מהם היו קצינים נאציים לשעבר, כמוהו עצמו" — מוסיף העתון. Council of Europe [...] "Anti-Semitism Directed from Cairo" The World Telegram newspaper today carried a front-page article, without citing its source, stating that the "hate campaign" was run from Cairo by "Communists and former Nazis, now employed by the United Arab Republic."

    The newspaper also notes that he learned that the Arab League was involved in this campaign, and that Arab student associations at West German universities took part in dirt of walls of Jewish institutions.

    The paper writes that the 'planning mind' behind the antisemitic campaign is Dr. Johann von Leers, who was Joseph Goebbels' deputy.

    "Von Leers chose an Arab name for himself, converted to the Muslim religion, and surrounded himself with the most vicious pushers of hatred in the world, many of whom were former Nazi officers, like himself," the newspaper adds.
  350. LaMerhav - למרחב, 14 October 1960.

    Nazism in the Service of Nasserism By Eliezer Ben-Moshe ...apart of all of these, serve thousands of other Nazis in the UAR (United Arab Republic). That journalist told me that when it broke out last year, the Swastika epidemic in the world, there was great joy in the residence of the Nazis in Cairo, and they could be seen in public places in the city, rejoicing and raising a glass in honor of their "successes," of which they were no small part in their initiation. On the other hand, when it became known that Eichmann had been abducted and brought to trial in Israel, these moves seemed like gloomy shadows, and some of them turned to the UAR authorities and asked for a personal guard, for fear that "the long hand of the Israelis" would reach them.

    But not only in Cairo, the Nazis operate in the service of Nasserism. Even in their other centers, and in the scope in South America, they cooperate with the Embassy of the UAR in various fields, and in particular for Israel and Jews.
  351. Ex-mufti Brought Van Leers to Egypt, German Authorities Believe, JTA, Aug 30, 1956.

    Haj Amin el Husseini, the former Mufti of Jersalem, is believed in government circles here to have arranged for the hiring by the Egyptian government of the notorious anti-Semitic propagandist, Dr. Johannes von Leers. Von Leers was revealed this week to be working for Cairo’s Ministry of National Guidance, President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s propaganda department.

    The ex-Mufti had sent a greeting to Von Leers when the latter was editing “Der Weg,” a German-language monthly dedicated to perpetuation of the Nazi brand of anti-Semitism which Von Leers issued in Buenos Aires during the Peron regime. In his message to Von Leers, the ex-Mufti thanked the unreconstructed Nazi “for venturing to take up the battle against the power of darkness that has become incarnate in world Jewry.”

    When Perón was overthrown in Argentina, Von Leers wrote to friends here that he had been “invited by Egyptian authorities to deliver some lectures” in Cairo.
  352. Dr. Andrew G. Bostom, “Omar Amin” von Leers and the Islamization of Nazism, INN, 2019-06-10.

    Exclusive: How a Nazi disciple of the Mufti of Jerusalem converted to Islam and embraced the millenium-old Muslim ideology of destroying the West by Jihad.

    Johannes “Omar Amin” von Leers (d. 1965), was a Nazi disciple of Hajj Amin el-Husseini who converted to Islam, found a haven in Egypt, and embraced a 1300 year-old ideology to destroy the Judeo-Christian West—Islamic jihad.
  353. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 1 September 1960 .

    Measures against defamatory Arabs

    The government's decision to take action against Arab citizens who defame the state and the Jewish people - it's about time. The Israeli democracy that gives freedom of expression to all citizens of the country is exploited by certain Arab circles for public speaking that would not be tolerated in any advanced country. At a press conference held yesterday, the Adviser on Arab Affairs in the Prime Minister's Office raised disgraceful examples of the form of anti-Jewish expression on the part of Arab citizens of the country.

    Had Nazi Germans expressed themselves in this way in Germany or any other advanced country they would have been severely punished. In West Germany and other European countries, in recent years, people who have expressed themselves in a much less extreme anti-Jewish way have been severely punished than the things that Arab citizens dare publicly in the State of Israel.

    After all, one must not continue to suffer a situation ... while in Israel itself, Arab citizens stand up and publicly express their sorrow that the Nazis did not turn all the Jews into soap [and no one says a word]. The phenomena of being caught up in Nazi moods by certain circles, though limited, of Arab citizens, needs to be dealt with effectively and with all the severity of the law.

    The same is true of all those appearances of undermining the security of the state and the peace of its citizens that some members of the Arab minority give their hand to. The Arab residents of State of Israel enjoy a broad degree of freedom. They are citizens with equal rights if not equal obligations. In fact, the situation of Israeli Arabs is better, in all respects, than that of their brethren living in Arab countries ... אמצעים נגד ערבים משמיצים החלטתה של הממשלה לנקוט אמצעים נגד אזרחים ערבים המשמיצים את המדינה ואת העם היהודי היא דבר בעתו. הדימוקראטיה הישראלית המעניקה חופש ביטוי לכל אזרחי המדינה מנוצלת על ידי חוגים ערבים מסויימים להתבטאות פומבית שלא היתה נסבלת בשום מדינה מתקדמת. במסיבת עתונאים שהתקיימה שלשום העלה היועץ לענינים ערבים במשרד ראש הממשלה דוגמאות מחפירות של צורת התבטאות אנטי־יהודית מצד ערבים אזרחי המדינה. אילו התבטאו בצורה זו גרמנים נאצים בגרמניה או בכל מדינה מתקדמת אחרת היו נענשים קשות. בגרמניה המערבית ובמדינות אחרות באירופה נענשו קשות, בשנים האחרונות, אנשים שהתבטאו בצורה אנטי-יהודית הרבה פחות קיצונית מהדברים שמעיזים אזרחים ערבים בפומבי במדינת ישראל. הרי אין להמשיך ולסבול מצב ... בעוד שבישראל עצמה קמים אזרחים ערבים ומביעים בפומבי את צערם על שהנאצים לא הפכו את כל היהודים לסבון ואין פוצה פה ומצפצף. התופעות של היתפסות להלכי רוח נאציים שלהם נתפסו חוגים מסויימים, אם גם מצומצמים, של אזרחים ערבים יש לטפל בהן ביעילות ובכל חומרת הדין. הוא הדין לגבי כל אותן ההופעות של חתירה תחת בטחון המדינה ושלום אזרחיה שכמה מבני המיעוט הערבי נותנים ידן להן. תושביה הערבים של מדינת ישראל נהנים ממדה רחבה של חופש. הם אזרחים שווי זכויות אם גם לא שווי חובות. למעשה מצבם של ערביי ישראל טוב, מכל הבחינות, מזה של אחיהם היושבים בארצות ערב...

  354. 354.0 354.1 354.2 354.3 354.4 Maariv - מעריב, 19 December 1969.

    'The Spider: Francois.' By Hezi Kamel.
    [Dr. Abdul Yousufi (next to the microphone), chairman of the Arab Lawyers' Association, submits a statement regarding the attackers of an El Al plane in Zurich. Yousufi, who is an ally of François Genoud, served during World War II as the deputy commander of the Arab Legion who fought in the service of Hitler.] What is the connection between a neo-Nazi national organization called the Spider and the intelligence services of Arab countries and the legendary treasures of the Nazis smuggled into Germany before the end of World War II and the lost treasure of the FLN. Algeria? And what is the connection between the members of the "Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine" who are on trial at Winterthur and the former SS General Hans Rudel, who fled to Argentina after World War II?

    The connection exists. His name: Francois Genoud. Age: 51. Citizenship: Swiss. Profession: Banker.

    The short man, always wearing gray suits and his thin hair pulled back carefully - looked like a gray clerk that no one would look at twice. But Francois Genoud, the neo-Nazi Swiss banker who was one of the founders of the Nazi party in Switzerland during the Hitler era, is one of the greatest international adventurers of our time. When I first met him about three weeks ago in the courtroom in Winterthur, I thought he was the legal correspondent for one of the Swiss newspapers. He sat and listened intently to hearings in the courtroom and made occasional remarks. Only then, when I saw him in the company of Algerian lawyer Yusufi, who serves as deputy chairman of the Arab Bar Association, did I decide to ask about him. "The little man in the gray suit over there in the corner? Yes, of course I know him," a Swiss journalist answered my question. "This is a well-known Nazi, director of the Arab Commercial Bank in Geneva."

    Ties with the Mufti

    "It is not clear to me, the Swiss journalist added, what such a guy does here on Winterthur." It was not clear to me either at that moment. However, a few days later, following a number of investigations I conducted in Switzerland, the whole affair became clear. François Genoud - the little man in the gray suit - is one of the main thread pullers in all the major financial transactions of Arab countries and today one of the main funding channels of sabotage organizations in Europe. His presence in the courtroom in Winterthur was not at all the presence of an observer - he came to the place as a capitalist to the place of investment. A considerable part of the expenses of the Arab side in the Winterthur trial and almost all the expenses of the various "leagues" for the Palestinians in Switzerland - are covered by Francois.

    Francois Genoud's love for Arabs is a love that depends on the thing. The "thing" in this case - his hatred of Jews.

    By 1936, at the age of 21, the young François had already joined the youth organization of the Swiss Nazi Party, the National Union Party, as a founding member. I met in Switzerland some people who remembered him walking around in the "brown shirt" (of the Nazis) that had the swastika tag on a black ribbon tied around the sleeves of his shirt. In 1940, François Genoud made his first contact with the Arabs. Together with a young Lebanese named Dauk (son of an influential Lebanese dignitary in Beirut) he opens a nightclub in Lausanne. This nightclub probably serves as a meeting place for the German spy service whose slave works Genoud. His enlistment in the German intelligence service was made by the head of the town council of Tingen - a Swiss named Guttman - who served as a liaison between German intelligence and his Swiss agents. During his many travels to Germany - during World War II - he met with Hitler and Bormann and then also had first contacts with some figures of the Arab world. He contacted the Mufti of Jerusalem, the infamous Haj Amin al-Husseini, and an Arab of Tunisian descent, Ibrahim Hafid, who was the commander of the Arab Legion fighting in the service of the Germans. One of Hafid's aides at the time - a young Algerian named Yousufi - later became a well-known lawyer and one of Genoud's regular contacts.

    The right to Hitler's writings

    After World War II, Genoud was very active in providing aid to the Nazis who had fled Germany and tightening his ties with the SS General. Hans Rudel, who fled to Argentina and established a Nazi organization there and helps absorb escaped SS men. It was then rumored that Genoud had helped smuggle to Tangier - the center of international intrigue at the time - the vast art treasures looted by the Nazis from all over Europe.. His most important activity, however, was probably the organization of the smuggling of Nazi treasure into Switzerland and its deposit there in numbered accounts, which no government or foreign entity could afford to get their hands on. For several years after World War II Genoud wandered from place to place with his actions carried out under the guise of almost complete anonymity. In 1952, Genaud's name first appeared in the headlines when he went to war against a German publisher in Düsseldorf, who published a collection of Hitler articles entitled "Visible Things about War and Peace." Genaud then appealed to the courts of Düsseldorf and Paris, claiming that he had all the rights to distribute the books of Hitler, Goebbels and Bormann! Indeed, Genoud won both sentences. It turns out that he has many documents in his hands and written material that was in the possession of Martin Bormann, which raises the possibility that Genoud has been in contact with Bormann to this day (to accept the explanation, that Bormann is still alive). In the ten years following World War II, he concentrated on providing assistance to smuggling Nazis fleeing to Latin America and the Middle East. In an article published in a Basel newspaper in 1964, entitled: "Search for Disappeared Nazis," the author of the article tells of a Nazi organization called "The Spider" which is the successor to another well-known Nazi organization: the "SS Odessa Expatriate Organization." The "spider" weaves its webs all over Europe when its operational center is in Switzerland, where the many millions plundered by the Nazis were also deposited. According to the Basel newspaper, the man in charge of guarding this huge property was a Swiss resident of Lausanne. "His house is similar to the Hitler Museum," the author of the article wrote, "with swastikas everywhere and huge pictures of Hitler on every wall." Of course many easily identified with the figure of the banker from Lausanne. - François Genaud.

    Among the famous escape operations of the 'Spider' organization was also the smuggling, from prison in Germany operation, of the Nazi Zech‐Nenntwich who fled to Egypt.

    Smuggling the treasure of the "FLN."

    Genoud took advantage of his ties with the Mufti of Jerusalem to establish an extensive system of ties in Cairo that he used to get in touch with the heads of the Tunisian liberation organizations of North African countries. In 1955, Genoud moved to Tangier, from where he began to develop ties with the whole of North Africa. In 1956 he maintained close contacts with Dr. Schacht, Hitler's Minister of Finance, and tried to interest him in large investments in Morocco. He also later organized after Algeria's independence, Dr. Schacht's visit to Algeria to advise the government Algerian in investment policy. He then set up in Geneva (again under the advice of Dr. Schacht) the "Arab Commercial Bank" whose job it was to conduct financial transactions (mostly of a dubious and illegal nature) with the Arab world. The "Arab Commercial Bank" was established by: François Genoud in partnership with Hans Reichenberg - former S.S. Officers - and with various factors in the Arab world. A senior Arab diplomat also attended the bank's founding meeting. Thanks to Geno's ties with Ben Bella, he was able to win the post of director of the Algerian People's Bank and became financial adviser to the Algerian government. His main ties, however, were with Mohamed Khider, Ben-Bella's partner, who later became his great enemy. On October 6, 1964, Genoud was arrested by the Ben-Bella government because of his ties to Khider, after being accused of smuggling the famous FLN treasure. Which was in the hands of Khider. In February 1965, Genoud was freed by the Algerians after apparently agreeing with the Algerian authorities to transfer part of the PLN treasury. Estimated at the time at $ 20 million. (This treasure was collected during the underground period of the FLN. From donations by Algerian workers in Europe, who regularly paid taxes to F.L.N.).

    The "affair" with the Palestinians

    After Mohamed Khider was mysteriously murdered, the FLN's finance affair resurfaced. And the spotlight was once again on Genoud, who had many keys to the vanishing treasure affair. In the meantime, Genoud established new ties - through the Egyptians - with the Palestinian terrorist organizations, which began to emerge as the active factor of the Arab world. He began to finance in Switzerland the activities of the "Friends of the Palestinians Organization" founded in Lausanne by neo-Nazi circles who saw helping the Palestinians as a way of expressing their anti-Jewish feelings. The neo-Nazi aid to the Palestinian idea was so prominent that it began to upset pro-Palestinian left-wing circles in Switzerland. These circles - headquartered in Geneva - formed a rival organization and even began attacks against the neo-Nazi organization. In an editorial published last week, in the Swiss Socialist Party newspaper, entitled: "Strange Observer: In a Winterthur Trial", one of the Socialist Party leaders writes of François Genoud. And the author concludes: The question we ask ourselves is: "Is the ideology of the 'Popular Front' really fascist as its opponents claim or is the Nazis exploiting the Palestinian idea to purify their own name only?" François Genoud certainly has more than one answer to this question.

  355. Preston, David Lee (January 5, 1997). "Hitler's Swiss Connection". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
  356. GENOUD, FRANCOIS_0029.pdf - CIA
  357. 357.0 357.1 Lee, Martin A. and Coogan, Kevin (May 1987) "Killers on the Right: Inside Europe's Fascist Underground" Mother Jones. pp.45-52. [42]
  358. Roots of violent radicalisation: nineteenth report of session 2010-12, Vol. 1: Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence, Vol. 1. Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Home Affairs Committee. The Stationery Office, Feb 6, 2012. p.100
  359. 359.0 359.1 Lee, Martin A.. The Beast Reawakens: Fascism's Resurgence from Hitler's Spymasters to Today's Neo-Nazi Groups and Right-Wing Extremists. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2013. 181-182.
  360. Criminal Linking Neo-nazis, PLO Believed to Be in East Germany, JTA, July 30, 1990.

    A violent criminal suspected of being the main link between West German neo-Nazis and the Palestine Liberation Organization’s El Fatah faction is believed to be hiding somewhere in East Germany, according to the federal prosecutor in Karlsruhe. Federal sources said Sunday that the East German authorities were cooperating in the search for Udo Albrecht, who is wanted for a series of violent crimes, including bank robbery. According to the prosecution, he fled West Germany in 1981 and found haven in East Germany, which was governed by a Communist regime until earlier this year. Albrecht, who has boasted of direct access to PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat, is believed to have used PLO facilities in Lebanon to train West German neo-Nazis. If the suspicions of the Karlsruhe prosector prove correct, it will be the first conclusive proof that the former East German secret police, the Stasi, not only helped Palestinian terrorists but knowingly protected neo-Nazis.

    The media has carried reports in recent years indicating that the old East German regime initiated neo-Nazi incidents in West Germany to prove the Federal Republic was a haven for unrepentant Nazis and anti-Semites.
  361. Maariv - מעריב, 11 March 1970.
    Nazis and neo-Nazis aid "Front for the Liberation of Palestine" operations
    נאצים וניאו-נאצים מסייעים לפעולות "החזית לשחרור פלשתין"
  362. LaMerhav - למרחב, 21 April 1969.

    US extremist groups donate money to Fatah [...] Also in Latin America It has been reported on the growing activity of "El Fatah" in Latin America. There are reports of Fatah training camps in the Venezuelan mountains, where young people are training in urban guerrilla warfare. The terrorists are in contact with former Nazis now living in Venezuela. As reported, members of the sabotage organizations are preparing to harm Venezuelan Jewry because of the large sums raised for Israel. Terrorist recruitment efforts and propaganda activities are also being carried out in Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Peru and Mexico. In these countries, the number of Arab residents exceeds the number of Jews. The embassies of Egypt and Syria assist terrorist organizations in Latin countries. קבוצות קיצוניות בארה"ב תורמות כספים ל'פתח' [...] גם באמריקה הלטינית נמסר על פעילות גוברת והולכת של "אל פתח" באמריקה הלטינית. יש ידיעות על מחנות אימונים של "פתח" בהרי וונצואלה, שבהם מתאמנים צעירים בלוחמת גרילה עירונית. הטרוריסטים עומדים במגע עם נאצים לשעבר החיים עתה בוונצואלה. כפי שנמסר, מתכוננים אנשי אירגוני החבלה לפגוע ביהדות ונצואלה בגלל הסכומים הגדולים שגויסו למען ישראל. מאמצי גיוס לטרוריסטים ופעילות תעמולה — נעשים גם בבראזיל, צ'ילה, ארגנטינה פרו ומקסיקו. במדינות אלה עולה מספר התושבים הערביים על מספר היהודים. שגרירויות מצרים וסוריה מסייעות לאירגוני הטרור במדינות הלאטיניות.

  363. Perdue, Jon B.., Johnson, Stephen. The War of All the People: The Nexus of Latin American Radicalism and Middle Eastern Terrorism. United Kingdom: Potomac Books, 2012. 85
  364. 364.0 364.1 The Australian Jewish News, 8 January 1982.

    NEO-NAZISM AND THE PLO THE MYTH OF DEMOCRACY By David Harounof [...] Needless to say, all Palestinian territory in the eyes of the PLO includes Tel Aviv, Haifa and Beersheba. It is conceivable that many have drawn comparisons between the PLO and genuine liberation movements such as the Patriotic Front in Rhodesia and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, thereby viewing a PLO victory as an inevitable outcome of a popular and national struggle against tyranny.

    It is revealing, therefore, to discover that the origins of many PLO protagonists, including Arafat, are not Palestinian at all. Thomas Kiernan, the esteemed American journalist and author, has probably come closer than anyone to extricating the myths about the PLO. His biography of Arafat,' though written in 1975 (and already half forgotten), remains the most important work on the subject because he was able to penetrate the highest echelons of the PLO to obtain; invaluable interviews. . Kiernan proposes that, together. with other co-founders of Fatah, Arafat had the official records of his birth in Cairo destroyed,

    What in reality binds the PLO in its efforts to eradicate the phantom of. Zionism is not the desire to release a people from subjugation under an allegedly “racist and imperialist creed." Rather, in line with Arafat’s Moslem Brotherhood upbringing — he was, and probably still is a member of that ignoble body — it is the desire to cleanse.the Middle Easr of any Jewish presence.

    (Kiernan concludes his splendid biography by writing that Arafat keeps an Arabic -translation of'the notorious Tsarist, antisemitic tract, “The Protocols of the Elders of Zion,” on his desk. “It is a volume he opens frequently and earnestly quotes from to visitors,”) PLO officials hold no inhibitions in privately maintaining that the Jews in Israel are an obstacle towards the creation of an Islamic Arab unity extending from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean.

    Few can also deny that the references by the PLO to the “International Zionist Conspiracy” are a macabre euphemism for world Jewry. For this reason the PLO has cultivated ties with neo-Nazi groups all over the world. . The world conference of neo-Nazi organisations held in Barcelona in 1969 was the first manifestation of a: co-ordination of activities, when an ex-SS officer was recruited to command a Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine camp at Basra in Iraq.

    During the trial, in January, 1970, of three PFLP terrorists, who had attacked an El Al aircraft in Zurich the year before, a pecuniary relationship was uncovered between Francois Gedoude, a founder of the Swiss Nazi Party, and Fatah. Geroude was discovered to have transferred to Swiss bank vaults a booty of Nazi thefts and robberies to help finance Fatah operations.

    In October, 1973, the “Nationalist and Soldiers’ Chronicle” (a German neo-Nazi paper) offered its supporters a free trip to PLO camps in the Lebanon to “learn” about . the Palestinian struggle!

    According to French intelligence, an agreement in 1977 between the fascist L’oeuvre Francais and Al Fatah was reached, whereby, the PLO would train the French-members in the arts of terrorism and in return the' French group would conduct ’terrorist' acts against French Jews.

    In January, 1978, the general prosecutor of the West German Supreme Court at Karlsruhe uncovered further links between German neo-Nazis and the PLO after four members of the Adolf Hitler Free Corps were arrested for arms running from’certain Arab countries at the request of the PLO.

    The most serious discovery in recent years of concerted PLO-neo Nazi activity has centred on the neo Nazi Military Sports Group of Karl Heinz Hoffman. Gundolf Keller, the student member of the MSG, who died after exploding a bomb at the Munich Beer Festival in September, 1980 was found to have undergone military training at a PLO camp in southern-Lebanon.

    Soon after, West German security forces monitoring Hoffman’s activity In Beirut revealed that he told his PLO associates that he was acting in a manner that Adolf Hitler would have approved of had he been alive.

    The invaluable assistance the PLO receives from these perverse organisations is not confined to manpower and moral aid.

    An-Israeli friend recently returned from a trip to Egypt revealed how he came upon Arabic translated versions of Hitler’s "Mein Kampf" being sold clandestinely in Cairo suburbs. The inscription, signed by the "Vanguards of the Palestine Revolution," warned Egyptians not to continue the peace process as their Israeli partners were "subhuman [sic] Marxist-spreading capitalist, exploiters.”

    Unless the-PLO has undergone a A major metamorphosis in a very short period of time, the volume of just these disclosures portrays the PLO as being far from the free-Ioving: liberation organisation headed by the erudite and “moderate” Arafat...
  365. Hillel Cohen, "Good Arabs: The Israeli Security Agencies and the Israeli Arabs, 1948–1967, Univ of California Press, 2011, p. 253 [43]:
    "Slogans against the Government, a Swastika on the Office of the Military Governor in Gush Halav", January 8, 1960.
  366. Facts. United States: Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1965. 427.

    PAD is perhaps the most extreme of all the Arab propaganda organizations operating in the United States — so extreme, in fact, that it does not have the official sponsorship of the Arab League.

    PAD, formerly headed by Shukairy, has as heads of its New York office Issa Nakhleh and Omar Azouni, two long-time Arab propagandists on the American scene. Nakhleh has spoken before anti-Jewish groups in the United States.
  367. Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress. United States: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965. 15916

    November 28, 1963: The Beirut Lebanon newspaper al-Hayyat published a letter-to-the-editor from a supporter of the Grand Mufti bearing the title "World J...y Behind Kennedy's Assassination."

    November 28, 1963: Al-Jihad's column, "Al Jihad Dialog" stated: "the man who killed Kennedy's assassin was a J..w... the question is...."

    December 6, 1961: Ahmad Shukairy concluded a speech at the United Nations by denying there was any anti-Semitism in the world but that "anti-Semitism" was being used as a propaganda "tool" to serve the interests of Zionists who had created 'anti-Semitism..."

    October 1961: The Palestine Arab Delegation sent to all U.N. delegations a formal statement by the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem declaring: The enmity of Nazis to Jews was based [sic] on well-documented research and studies..."
  368. Facts. United States: Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 1965. 344.
  369. ha-Arets - הארץ, 30 May 1962.

    נקנס על ציור צלבי קרס על שצייר צלבי קרס על הכביש הראשי העובר מחיפה לעכו, סמוך לאזור התעשיה שבמפרץ חיפה, נידון אתמול צעיר ערבי, בן 16, מהכפר דיר אל אסד שבגליל התחתון לקנס בסך 100 ל"י ולחודש מאסר על תנאי לשנתיים. הצעיר העובד כמכונאי באחד המוסכים במפרץ טען באזני שופט השלום ד"ר י. לוין כי צייר בגיר על הכביש תרנגולים. אך תמונות שצורפי לתיק על־ידי התביעה הראו ברורות, כי ה"תרנגולים" היו צלבי קרס. הצעיר הורשע בעוון התנהגות פרועה ובעוון השחתת פניהם של מקרקעין בכך שצייר עליהם את ציוריו. Fined for drawing swastikas

    For drawing swastikas on the main road that passes from Haifa to Acre, near the industrial area in Haifa Bay, a 16-year-old Arab from the village of Deir al-Asad in the Lower Galilee was sentenced yesterday to a fine of 100 pounds and a one-month suspended sentence.

    The young man, who works as a mechanic in one of the garages in the Gulf, claimed to Justice of the Peace Dr. J. Levin that he had drawn chickens on the road. But photos attached to the file by the prosecution clearly showed that the "chickens" were swastikas.

    The young man was convicted of misconduct and vandalizing real estate by drawing his paintings on them.
  370. Newsweek. United States: Newsweek, Incorporated, 1962. p. 36.
    Hitler's heirs against Argentina's Jewish community. The most sadistic incident--which precipitated a ten-hour strike by Argentine Jews--was the abduction of a 19-year-old girl by Nazi hoods who carved a swastika on her right breast.
  371. Maariv - מעריב, 27 June 1962

    Swastika on student chest ... Shots on Zim offices ... "We will sweep the J... demagogues!" This is what the Argentine Nazis declare cohesive in the Tacuara youth movement. By H. Lifshitz, Buenos Aires, special for 'Maariv.’ A swastika tattooed on the chest of a Jewish student and on the face of a Jewish guy. An underground struggle that everyone is silencing, all kinds of antisemitic outbursts, especially after the hanging of Eichmann - this is the face of things in Argentina today ... The Graciela affair ... The 19-year-old medical student, who was recently abducted on the street by three medical students - who already excelled in antisemitic provocations - was beaten and burned with burning cigarettes, and a swastika carved on her chest, is only the last ... צלב-קרס על חזה סטודנטית... יריות על משרדי 'צים'... "נטאטא את הדמאגוגים היהודים!" כך מכריזים הנאצים הארגנטיניים המלוכדים בתנועת "טאקוארה" מאת ח. ליפשיץ, בואנוס-איירס, מיוחד ל"מעריב" ‭‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ צלב־קרס מקועקע על חזה של סטודנטית יהודיה ועל פניו של בחור יהודי. מאבק מחתרת שהכל משתיקים אותו, כל מיני התפרצויות אנטישמיות, ביחוד לאחר תליית אייכמן, — אלה פני הדברים בארגנטינה כיום... פרשת גרסייאלה... הסטודנטית לרפואה בת 19, שנחטפה ברחוב לא מכבר על-ידי שלשה סטודנטים מהפאקולטה לרפואה — שכבר הצטיינו בפרובוקאציות אנטישמיות — הוכתה ונכוותה בסיגריות בוערות, וצלב-קרס נחרת על חזה, היא רק אחרונה...

  372. Rein, Raanan. Argentine Jews Or Jewish Argentines? (paperback): Essays on Ethnicity, Identity, and Diaspora. Netherlands: Brill, 2010. p. 185.
    This is in revenge for Eichmann,” the kidnappers told her.
  373. "Argentine Youths in Nazi Group Salute and Cry: 'Hail Tacuara!'; Anti-Semitic Organization, Said to Be Growing, Asserts It Fights 'Zionism, Capitalism and Communism' Tells About Drills He Doubts Charges", The New York Times, 1962-09-16. (en-US) 
  374. "Recall of Arab Delegate from U.N. is Sought; 'saluted' Tacuara." JTA, December 3, 1962.
  375. The National Jewish Monthly, Vol. 77, B'nai B'rith., 1962, p. 1.
    Review Of The Month. Anti Semitism at UN... The worst statement was made by Ahmad Shukairy, of Saudi Arabia. He said, Argentina "should be saluted" because of its violently anti-Jewish youth organization, Tacuara, and added: "Tacuara has proclaimed a crusade... we propose that Tacuara be adopted by the United Nations." This was too much even for Saudi Arabia's king Faisal, who removed Shukairy from his UN post.
  376. Al Hamishmar, Apr 10, 1963

    Suspects in drawing swastikas were arrested for questioning.

    Haifa Tuesday - Two young men from the Haifa area, Div Zaid and Jabbar (Gabr) Bram, were arrested as suspects in painting swastikas on the walls of houses in the Jezreelia housing complex in Neve Sha'anan. The detainees were brought before the Chief Justice of the Peace in Haifa, Verlinsky-Starkman, yesterday, who issued an arrest warrant against them for 10 days to complete the investigation.
  377. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 4 September 1963.

    נעצר צעיר ערבי שצייר צלבי קרס מאת סופרנו בבני ברק צעיר ערבי צייר אתמול אחה"צ צלבי קרס על קירות בתים באפקד.

    הוא נתפס ע"י עוברים ושבים והוסגר למשטרת נפת רמת גן. הצעיר נחקר על מעשהו ויובא הבוקר בפני שופט.

    An Arab youth who drew swastikas was arrested By our writer in Bnei Brak A young Arab man painted swastikas on the walls of houses .. yesterday afternoon.

    He was apprehended by passers-by and handed over to the Ramat Gan sub-district police. The young man was questioned about his act and will be brought before a judge this morning.
  378. Landau, Jacob M. 1971. Arabs in Israel: Political Studies. Tel-Aviv, Maarachot. p. 48.
    In the summer of 1964, posters in Arabic were pasted on the walls in Acre, the main slogans of which were: "Palestine must be liberated and the Zionist occupier expelled," or, "Long live the Arab national liberation movement!" After Eli Cohen was hanged in Damascus for spying for Israel, other Israeli Arabs distributed leaflets against him in Arabic, saying "Contempt for Eli Cohen," and "All Jews will be hanged!" Swastikas appeared in the village of Tarshiha.
  379. ha-Tsofeh - הצפה, 10 October 1966.

    The guard from Moshav Shomera By Haim Tzabari ... Last year, his daughter was the victim of violence by Arabs from Tarshiha who drew swastikas on the window of a Kupat Cholim clinic where she worked. She reported this to the police and since then she has been harassed and more than once threatened with death .... השומר ממושב שומרה מאת חיים צברי האיש אשר נגלה לפנינו היה חגור בכלי נשקו והתהלך בין משעולי המושב שומרה כשמדי פעם הוא מסיט אבן חשודה מתנוחתה, בודקה יפה ומחליט: לא, לכאן לא הגיעו חבלני "אל־פתח". כן, זוהי עבודתו ...

    אשתקד, נפלה בתו קרבן למעשה אלימות של ערבים מתרשיחא אשר ציירו צלבי קרס על חלון מרפאת קופ"ח בה עבדה. היא הודיעה זאת למשטרה ומאז מתנכלים אליה ולא פעם איימו עליה בנפש....
  380. Maariv - מעריב 27 July 1967.

    Hate schools These photographs of pictures that were hanging in the schools in Khan Yunis show the education for hatred that was practiced there ... Nazi propaganda version: An Arab soldier in a German steel helmet breaks into Israeli territory ...

    Ahmad Shukeiri in the center of a Palestinian demonstration (above) and the Omar Mosque as a gateway to return to Palestine "Palestine for us" (below) ...

    [בתי-ספר לשנאה תצלומים אלה של תמונות שהיו תלויות בבתי־הספר בחאן יונס מלמדים על החינוך למשטמה שהיה נהוג שם... נוסח תעמולה נאצי: חייל ערבי, בקסדת-פלדה גרמנית פורץ לתחום ישראל... אחמד שוקיירי במרכז הפגנת פלשתינאים (למעלה) ומסגד עומאר כשער לשיבה אל פלשתין "פלשתין לנו" (למטה)...]

  381. Gilder, George. The Israel Test: Why the World's Most Besieged State is a Beacon of Freedom and Hope for the World Economy. United States: Encounter Books, 2012. [44].
    When Husseini died in 1974, his anti-Semitic cause was taken up by his distant relative Yasser Arafat, the PLO leader and eventual Nobel "Peace" laureate. Arafat characteristically bought Hitler's Mein Kampf in bulk and distributed it to his followers in Arab translation under the title My jihad, as Israeli soldiers discovered on capturing his abandoned camp in southern Lebanon in 1982..

    -qtd in: Eidelberg, Paul. An American Political Scientist in Israel: From Athens to Jerusalem. Ukraine: Lexington Books, 2010. 40.

  382. News Brief - Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Jul 7, 1978.
    During their invasion of southern Lebanon, Israeli forces captured documents proving the close links between Palestinian terrorist groups and the Soviet Union. Also discovered was an Arabic translation of Adolf Hitler's "Mein Kampf" with a foreword by Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization. The documents have been studied closely by Israeli military intelligence and details of them are expected to be released shortly, informed sources told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
  383. Maariv - מעריב, 7 April 1978.

    A new Arabic edition of Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" has been found in Palestinian positions in southern Lebanon. מהדורה ערבית חדשה של ספרו של היטלר, "מיין קאמפף" נמצאה בעמדות הפלשתינאים בדרום לבנון.

  384. Ofer Aderet, "Neo-Nazi Aided Palestinian Perpetrators of 1972 Munich Massacre, Report Says," Haaretz, Jun. 17, 2012.

    German weekly Der Spiegel bases report on 2,000-page file compiled by Berlin authorities, made public nearly 40 years after the attack at the 1972 summer Olympics, which resulted in the death of 11 Israeli athletes.

    Neo-Nazi activists aided the Palestinian terrorists who perpetrated the massacre of Israeli athletes during the Munich Olympics in 1972, the German weekly Der Spiegel reported on Sunday.

    The report is based on a 2,000-page file compiled by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, which was made public at the request of Der Spiegel, ahead of the 40th anniversary of the Munich massacre, to be marked this coming September.

    At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, terrorists from Fatah's Black September organization took hostage members of Israel's Olympic squad. Two Israeli athletes were killed in the initial hostage-taking and nine were killed during a botched German rescue attempt at a Munich airport.

    A document released on Sunday, detailing a correspondence between local police in Dortmund and the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, reveals that seven weeks prior to the attack a man named Saad Walli, described as having "an Arab appearance", held a suspicious meeting with a neo-Nazi activist named Willi Pohl.

    Saad Walli was the alias of Abu Daoud, one of Black September's leaders and an organizer of the Munich attack, who died in Damascus two years ago.

    The newly revealed correspondence does not indicate that German federal security forces and the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution acted in any way to arrest Abu Daoud, despite having preliminary information.

    According to Der Spiegel, the neo-Nazi activist aided Abu Daoud in obtaining fake credentials, including passports and other documents. In addition, he is quoted as saying that he "drove Abu Daoud around Germany, where he met Palestinians in various cities."

    Currently, Pohl makes a living from writing detective novels, using a different name, and indicates that "without knowing it," he was linked "to the perpetrators of the massacre at the Olympics."

    The German activist was also reportedly linked to a follow-up attack planned by Palestinian militants after the Munich massacre. Following instructions by Abu Jihad, then Yasser Arafat's deputy and Fatah's second in command, Pohl was to plan an abduction attack at the Koln cathedral and in the city halls of several major German cities.

    However, he was arrested in Munich with grenades and fire arms in his possession in October 1972. Pohl was also found to be holding a threatening letter, meant to be sent to a German judge who had been in charge of the trial of three of the attack's planners.

    Moreover, the police report exposed by Der Spiegel indicates that Pohl aided the terrorists to obtain weapons, possibly including those used in the massacre itself. "They originated from a very rare production line," the report wrote of the seized arms, saying the arms included "Belgian casings and Swedish explosives, made only for Saudi Arabia."

    "Identical weapons were used by Palestinian terrorists to kill the hostages at the Olympics," Der Spiegel added.

    Pohl was sentenced to a short jail term for "unauthorized possession of firearms," only to be released four days after his sentencing and, eventually, making his way to Beirut.

    According to Der Spiegel, German authorities feared a terrorist attack could be initiated to release the neo-Nazi activist, similar to the one that took place less than two months following the massacre, when a Lufthansa plane was abducted, prompting the release of three of the attack's planners from a German jail.
  385. Yonah Jeremy Bob, "Islamic Movement leader Salah convicted of racist incitement on appeal", JPost, Nov 10, 2014.
    The prosecution said references Salah made to the medieval blood-libel provided the basis for a separate claim against him for racist incitement, apparently convincing the higher district court.
  386. Head of the Islamic Movement in Israel Sheik Raed Sallah Reminisces about Highschool Swastika Drawing, Memri, May 05, 2009.
    Source: Hiwar TV (U.K.)
  387. Haolam Hazeh, Nov 30, 1974
    The demonstrations lasted several days, all over the West Bank. However, the second day was the culmination of the demonstrations ... In Qalandiya, a flag was raised ... embracing a swastika ...

    גליון 1942 (20 בנובמבר 1974), עמוד 18.

    ההפגנות נמשכו כמה ימים, בכל רחבי הגדה. אולם היום השני היה יום שיא ההפגנות... בקלנדיה הונף דגל...החובק צלב קרס...

  388. Berlin Jew-baiter Proposes “german-arab Community”, JTA, December 18, 1956.

    West Berlin’s most active Jew-baiter Erwin Schoenborn, has issued a call for formation of a "German-Arab Community" the purpose of which will be the "coordination of the political battles for freedom of the German people and of the Arab nations."

    The "community" will have its headquarters in Heidelberg in order to avoid the West Berlin licensing requirements on political groups.
  389. July 13, 1979. London Chronicle Syndicate.
    By F. SACHSER London Chronicle Syndicate

    DUESSELDORF Erwin Schoenborn, 64, West Germany's leading neo-Nazi activist, was sentenced in Frankfurt last week to 18 months' jail for defamation, libel and coercion arising from his propaganda attacks against trials of former Nazis. Schoenborn publicly denied that Jews had been murdered in Nazi death camp gas chambers during the Second World War, and claimed that the gas chambers had not even existed.

    He had offered a reward...
  390. 'This World', Issue 2021 (May 26, 1976), page 39.

    University provocation According to Jewish students on campus, in recent months, clashes are held almost every or second day between Castel people and the Arab students, and their supporters Campus people. "On Memorial Day, students harassed ... the memorial candles that were placed on memory of the martyrs of the Israeli military. Later, soul candles in memory of the victims of the Holocaust - were removed, on Holocaust and Heroism Day, Swastikas were drawn in different places in the dormitories, as well as on the door of the dormitory manager's room. The Arabs are

    disrespecting the arrangement under which they were obliged to abide is to take medical security shifts, instead of guarding."
  391. Jonathan Spyer, "The hijackers of Entebbe - The full story," The Jerusalem Post, July 23, 2020

    The hijacking, famously included a separation of Israeli and Jewish hostages from non-Israeli and non-Jewish passengers.

    In this regard, it is worth noting recent claims that this selection included only Israeli Jews. Such claims are false. It is beyond dispute that at least 10 non-Israeli Jews were obliged by the hijackers to join the group of 84 Israelis. It is also indisputable that a number of Israeli dual nationals and non-Israeli Jews succeeded through subterfuge in joining the group that was released. These two facts suggest, unsurprisingly, that the hijackers were unable to ascertain with forensic certainty the ethno-religious identity of all their hostages.

    But the undisputed involuntary presence of a number of non-Israeli Jews among the hostages refutes the notion that the hijackers did not also target people of this description among the passengers. Such benign indifference would have been entirely out of character for members of the Revolutionary Cells, given their known targeting of non-Israeli Jews in Germany.
  392. Daniel S. Mariaschin, The enduring message of the rescue at Entebbe, JC, July 7, 2021.
    At Entebbe, 148 non-Jewish hostages were separated from the 94 Jewish passengers, most of them Israeli nationals, and the Air France crew. The non-Jewish hostages were released within two days; the terrorists made clear the Jewish passengers would be killed if their demands were not met. The Ugandan government, led by its infamous leader Idi Amin, announced its support for the hijackers, punctuated with an appearance by Amin himself in the airport terminal hall in which the hostages were being held.
  393. 393.0 393.1 Bougereau, Jean Marcel., Klein, Hans-Joachim. The German Guerrilla: Terror, Reaction, and Resistance. United Kingdom: Cienfuegos Press, 1981. 31.

    That the idea of writing a book came to me at that time and that no one came along later and talked me into it. Just as no one talked me into writing the letter to Spiegel in which I denounced the planned assassinations of Galinski and Lipinski.

    What happened at the old airport at Entebbe is Auschwitz as far as I am concerned.

    What did happen?

    As soon as I found out that at Entebbe they had separated the passengers from the plane into several groups, Jews on one side, everyone else on the other , I immediately associated that with what had happened at the freight yards, where the trains left for Auchwitz.

    That German guerrilla members like Boese and Brigitte Kuhlmann could allow themselves to divide people up as they did, I can't imagine any thing more pathetic...
    • Karmon, Ely. Coalitions Between Terrorist Organizations: Revolutionaries, Nationalists and Islamists. Netherlands: Brill, 2005. 94.
    Hans-Joachim Klein decided to abandon the RZ when he realized that his comrades were behaving like the Nazis in Auschwitz by separating the Jewish passengers from the non-Jewish ones after the hijacking of the Air France plane to Entebbe. Klein also condemned the RZ plot to assassinate Galinski, leader of the German