Mandate of Palestine
The Mandate of Palestine, also known as Mandatory Palestine, was a British overseas territory that existed form 1920 to 1948. The capital was Jerusalem. Prior to World War I, the area has been ruled by the Ottomans. The mandate specified that the area would be a "Jewish National Home." The Arabs, who at this time viewed the area as "Southern Syria," protested the mandate. European anti-Semetism and fascism forced many Jews to immigrate to the Mandate in the 1930s and 1940s. The was an Arab revolt against British rule in 1936-1939. In 1947, the United Nations General Assembly voted to partition the Mandate into Jewish and Arab states. Israel was founded by the Yishuv, or Jewish community, in 1948.
- Pipes, Daniel, "The Year the Arabs Discovered Palestine," Middle East Review, Summer, 1989.