Coronavirus testing is relatively easy, non-invasive, affordable, and yet unavailable in most of the United States as of March 18, 2019, except to professional athletes, Hollywood actors and actresses, and high-level politicians. The FDA and CDC have impeded access to testing by most Americans despite the ability of private companies to mass-produce such tests.
- FDA rules initially prevented state and commercial labs from developing their own coronavirus diagnostic tests ... 
Those having early, special access to coronavirus testing include entire NBA teams and congressmen.
Insurance companies have balked at providing coverage for treatment of coronavirus, which provides a further incentive for tests to be withheld from the general public.
The Japan Times says that a Japanese research institute has developed a test that takes only half an hour:
- the government-affiliated research institute Riken said ... that they have developed a technology that can detect the COVID-19 coronavirus in only 10 to 30 minutes. 
According to The Atlantic,
- ... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed and distributed a faulty test in February. Independent labs created alternatives, but were mired in bureaucracy from the FDA.