Biological weapon

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Biological weapons are infectious or toxic agents used in warfare. They are banned under the Biological Weapons Convention of 1975[1] but some countries still have stocks of them.


Smallpox may have been used as a biological weapon in North America in the 18th century.[2] During World War II Britain conducted experiments with anthrax as a biological weapon on Gruinard Island, Scotland.[3] Anthrax was used in a terrorist attack on American citizens in 2001.

Present and future

Biological weapons have not been widely used but they remain a potential threat.

See also