|48th Vice President of the United States|
From: January 20, 2017 – present
|Successor||Incumbent (no successor)|
|Governor of Indiana|
From: January 14, 2013 – January 9, 2017
|U.S. Representative from Indiana's 6th District|
From: January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
|U.S. Representative from Indiana's 2nd District|
From: January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Prior to being governor and vice-president, Pence was one of the most conservative members of Congress, serving in the U.S. Representative from Indiana's 6th congressional district. In the 111th Congress, he served as Chairman of the House Republican Conference. Pence has also been a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Pence also has been a conservative talk radio host and an attorney.
Early in his life, Pence was strongly aligned with the Democratic Party and was a Roman Catholic. He volunteered for the party while in high school, and he voted for Jimmy Carter in 1980. When Pence was in college he became a born-again Christian through his future wife, Karen. After his conversion, his views shifted towards the right, and after the election of Ronald Reagan as president, Pence became a Republican as he was inspired by Reagan's policies.
Pence graduated from Hanover College in 1981 with a B.A. in history, and he earned a Juris Doctor degree from Indiana University School of Law in 1986.
After graduation, Pence became a practicing attorney and started to get involved in politics, first "becoming a precinct committeeman for the Marion County Republican Party." He unsuccessfully ran for Congress in 1988 and 1990, but "learned a valuable lesson in defeat" and "vowed to preach a positive message" after becoming disgusted by his negative attack ads.
Pence served as the president of the Indiana Policy Review Foundation from 1991 to 1993. In 1994, he launched his own conservative talk radio show, and the next year he became a morning show host on television. Pence discontinued both programs in 1999, presumably in preparation for another run for Congress.
In October 2009 Pence defended conservative talk radio, saying:
"To suggest that men and women that are taking a stand for fiscal discipline and traditional values in the national debate today only speak for ‘grassroots activists’ is absurd. As evidenced by the hundreds of thousands that filled town hall meetings this summer and the nearly a million Americans who gathered here in Washington in September. Millions of Americans, Republicans, Democrats and Independents are worried about liberal social policies and runaway federal spending, deficit and debt.
So to my friends in the so-called ‘mainstream media’ I say, ‘conservative talk show hosts may not speak for everybody but they speak for more Americans than you do.’"
In 2000, Pence was elected to Congress and reelected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. In 2005, he became chairman of the Republican Study Committee, a group representing the most conservative members of the House. The next year, Pence unsuccessfully ran for House minority leader, losing to John Boehner. Pence served as the House Republican Conference Chair during the 111th Congress, which lasted from 2009–2011.
In Congress, Pence built a very conservative record, even opposing liberal Republican bills that would increase spending or the size of government, such as No Child Left Behind in 2001, and the Medicare expansion of 2002.
Governor of Indiana
Pence's successor, the conservative Mitch Daniels, had been effective in boosting the state's economy, and Pence continued his policies. The Indiana economy continued to improve, and Pence cut taxes by $1.1 billion in 2013, which was the largest tax cut in state history. In addition, Indiana has the seventh lowest tax burden or any state in 2013, and in 2014 Pence signed a law that will decrease the state corporate tax by 1.6 percent by 2021. While liberals expect tax cuts to increase budget deficits, by 2016 Indiana actually had a $2 billion surplus, and unemployment dropped by 3.4 percent since his term began.
Pence became nationally famous in 2015 for initially defending a new religious freedom law for Indiana businesses that would have enabled them to decline to support the homosexual agenda, such as in being forced to bake a cake for homosexual couples. Ultimately, Pence compromised under intense pressure from the liberal media and added protections for sexual orientation into Indiana law. While many conservatives considered Pence's move a betrayal, subsequent events showed that Pence did stand up more against the homosexual agenda than virtually any other governor, including other Republicans such as Greg Abbott and Chris Christie.
2016 GOP vice-presidential nominee
- See also: 2016 U.S. presidential election
Pence first endorsed Texas Senator Ted Cruz for the Republican presidential nomination, but after businessman Donald Trump became the presumptive GOP nominee, Pence was chosen to be the vice-presidential nominee.
Pence debated Democrat VP nominee Tim Kaine on October 4, 2016, and he gave a much better performance than Kaine. This was despite the fact that Kaine interrupted Pence 70 times in the debate. Pence masterfully used his debating skills that he acquired from being a talk radio host while Kaine was hyper and sometimes hard to follow. Even the liberal mainstream media, which holds double standards and loves to bash conservatives, believed that Pence won.
The Donald Trump–Mike Pence ticket won the election in a massive, historical upset.
Soon after the election, the conservative Pence replaced the moderate Chris Christie, who is facing serious allegations in a scandal, as the head of Trump's transition team. One of his first decisions as head was to remove every lobbyist, who had been appointed by Christie, from the team, in order to "drain the swamp" in Washington D.C. On the same day, the team announced that all Trump Administration officials would be placed under a five-year lobbying ban after leaving, which is much stricter than the ban by the transition team of the previous president, Barack Obama. The transition team under Pence's leadership reportedly completed its work on time and 20 percent under budget.
On February 7, 2017, Pence became the first vice president in United States history to cast a tie-breaking vote in the Senate for confirming a cabinet nominee. He also became the first since 2008 to cast a tie-breaking vote at all.
It was reported in late April 2017 that Pence and eight other Trump Administration cabinet members were participating in a weekly Bible study. This suggested that the Trump Administration is, at least in part, striving to be under God.
In May 2017, Pence created a PAC, called the "Great America Leadership PAC," to help fund the GOP in upcoming elections, becoming the first sitting vice president to do so.
Vice President Pence played an active and relatively important role in the Trump Administration, including representing the administration in foreign countries. A July 2017 poll found Pence to be the most popular national political official and the only one with a positive rating – of both Republicans and Democrats – with 45% approving and 44% disapproving. Pence used his role in the Trump Administration to promote socially conservative policies.
Despite his generally conservative positions, Pence was the keynote speaker at a political strategy retreat for the Koch Brothers, who take left-wing positions on several issues, particularly illegal immigration and globalism.
Pence describes himself as "a Christian, a conservative and a Republican, in that order." His political views are strongly influenced by his faith and by Russell Kirk. Pence was an early supporter of the Tea Party movement. On the other hand, Pence has a record of supporting many neoconservative and globalist policies, including high immigration levels, and his record indicates that he is not as conservative on social issues as the mainstream media alleges.
Pence married his wife Karen in 1985, and together they have three children. As a Christian and out of loyalty to his wife, he refuses to go out of dinner with any woman if his wife is not with him. Liberals, who do not adhere to family values, misunderstood Pence and falsely accused him of "sexism." Despite the fact that Pence is a Christian, he has used shameful, filthy language in public.
- Mike Pence. Biography.com. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Eason, Brian (July 15, 2016). Trump's VP? 10 things to know about Indiana Gov. Mike Pence. IndyStar. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Graham, Jordan (September 8, 2016). Mike Pence explains how Ronald Reagan made him a Republican. The Orange County Register. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- Pence: Rush, Beck speak for many. Politico. October 22, 2009. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- PENCE, Mike, (1959 - ). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- Boyle, Matthew (October 5, 2016). ‘Flawless’ Victory: Mike Pence Dominates Tim Kaine in Vice Presidential Debate. Breitbart. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Agiesta, Jennifer (October 5, 2016). Pence edges Kaine in VP debate instant poll. CNN. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Struyk, Ryan (October 5, 2016). Tim Kaine Interrupted Mike Pence 70 Times in Vice Presidential Debate. ABC News. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Bradner, Eric (October 5, 2016). 5 takeaways from the vice presidential debate. CNN. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Zurcher, Anthony (October 5, 2016). Pence v Kaine: Who won the vice-presidential debate?. BBC News. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- Trump wins presidency, defeats Clinton in historic election upset. Fox News. November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Pence replaces Christie in Trump transition team shuffle. Fox News. November 11, 2016.
- Pence removing lobbyists from Trump transition team. Fox News. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Jaffe, Alexandra (Novemer 16, 2016). Mike Pence Orders Lobbyists Be Removed From Transition Team. NBC News. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Arnsdorf, Isaac & Vogel, Kenneth P. (November 16, 2016). Trump team announces tough lobbying ban. Politico. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Miller, S.A. (January 19, 2017). Mike Pence: Trump transition finishing on time, under budget. The Washington Times. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Sells, Heather (January 27, 2017). VP Mike Pence Making History at the March for Life. CBN News. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Hickey, Jennifer (January 27, 2017). 'Life is winning': Pence fired up March for Life crowd. Fox News. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- DeVos confirmed as education secretary, Pence casts historic tie-breaking vote. Fox News. February 7, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
- TOP STORY: Trump Cabinet Members Praying, Studying the Bible Together. CBN News. April 24, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Gotera, Jay (April 28, 2017). Trump Cabinet Members Gather Weekly for Prayer Session; Senate and House Also Hold Bible Studies. The Christian Post. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Haverluck, Michael F. (April 29, 2017). Trump cabinet fellowships thru prayer, Bible study. One News Now. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Bakinski, Pete (April 29, 2017). Mike Pence sponsors Bible study for Trump cabinet. Life Site News. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (May 18, 2017). Mike Pence Creates ‘Great America’ Leadership PAC. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Westwood, Sarah (June 18, 2017). Mike Pence stays above Trump scandals and in touch with Capitol Hill. Washington Examiner. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- O'Sullivan, Mike (December 31, 2017). Pence Carving a Role as Presidential Envoy. Voice of America. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
- O'Sullivan, Mike (August 11, 2017). US VP Pence Embraces Role as Key Diplomat. Voice of America. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
- Bedard, Paul (July 13, 2017). Pence rises: Only DC leader with positive approval rating. Washington Examiner. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- Abutaleb, Yasmeen; Mason, Jeff (January 19, 2018). In year of drama and chaos, Pence quietly advances conservative agenda. Reuters. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- A look at Vice President Pence's first year in office: key takeaways. USA Today. January 20, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- Binder, John (September 29, 2017). VP Mike Pence to Be Keynote Speaker at Pro-Amnesty Koch Brothers’ Retreat. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Phillips, Amber (October 4, 2016). Who is Mike Pence?. The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Munro, Neil (January 5, 2018). Report: VP Pence Invites Sen. Flake To Lobby Trump For Amnesty. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
- Newman, Alex (July 15, 2016). Trump VP Pence: Globalist Neocon or Solid Conservative? The New American. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Richardson, Bradford (November 29, 2017). Once mocked, ‘Pence rule’ gets renewed look in wake of sexual misconduct wave. The Washington Times. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Gonzales, Sara (March 31, 2017). Liberals’ reactions to Mike Pence’s loyalty to his wife are getting more unhinged by the hour. The Blaze. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Shapiro, Ben (April 6, 2017). On Human Nature and Mike Pence's Dinner Partners. CNS News. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Abcarian, Robin (April 5, 2017). Mike Pence won't dine alone with a woman who's not his wife. Is that sexist?. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Duffy, Erin (April 5, 2017). How Mike Pence’s Dumb Dinner Rule Puts Women at a Disadvantage. Fortune. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- McHugh, Katie (October 4, 2016). Mike Pence Mocks Media Coverage of Trump: ‘This Sh*t Really Is Fun to Watch’. Breitbart. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- Profile on the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile on Ballotpedia
- Mike Pence On the Issues