Enver Hoxha

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Enver Hoxha
Enver Hoxha November 1984.jpg
Personal life
Date and place of birth October 16, 1908
Gjirokastër, Albania
Claimed religion Islam (formerly)
Spouse Nexhmije Hoxha
Children Ilir Hoxha
Sokol Hoxha
Ranvera Hoxha
Date & Place of Death April 11, 1985
Manner of Death Heart failure
Place of burial Tirana
Dictatorial career
Country Albania
Military service n/a
Highest rank attained n/a
Political beliefs Communism
Political party Party of Labour of Albania
Date of dictatorship 1944-1985
Wars started
Number of deaths attributed

Enver Hoxha (October 16, 1908 – April 11, 1985) was the Stalinist dictator of Albania from 1944 to his death in 1985.

In 1967, he banned all religions from Albania.


Hoxha was born in to an Islamic family in 1908. He studied in France and joined the French Communist Party. 1936 he returned to Albania and worked as teacher. In 1939 Benito Mussolini annexed Albania. Hoxha lost his job and founded the Albanian Communist Party in 1941. After the Second World War he was declared as president. In his tenure Christians, Muslims, landowners, recalcitrant peasants and political opponents were sent to prison or executed.[1] In particular Catholics were persecuted. Hoxha cut the number of Catholic churches from 253 to 100 and all Catholics were stigmatized as "fascists".[2] After Khruschev criticized Stalin, Hoxha started to improve Albania's relations with China.[3]

Hoxha got support from the Chicago Area Friends of Albania.


  1. http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/death-enver-hoxha
  2. http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-186.html
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2009/sep/03/dictator-lit-hoxha-on-stalin