Betty Friedan (1921 - 2006) was the author of The Feminine Mystique, now remembered mainly as a popular work of social criticism that called for major changes in the role of American women, the greater part of the book was in fact devoted to an investigation of their status and their life choices at the beginning of the 1960s and how these had changed since World War II."  She was born in Peoria, Illinois in 1921 to Jewish parents and in her young days was influenced by Marxism. She was a lifelong strong advocate of legal abortion and in 1969 co-founded NARAL, an organization that sought to repeal abortion laws, with Lawrence Lader. She also co-founded N.O.W. and served as its president from 1966 to 1970. Friedan also wrote: It Changed My Life: Writings on the Women's Movement, The Second Stage, The Fountain of Aging, and she published her latest book, Beyond Gender, in 1997 (Her autobiography Life so Far was published in 2000). She is considered a key leader in the struggle for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.
- "Men are not the enemy, but the fellow victims. The real enemy is women’s denigration of themselves." -Betty Friedan
- Betty Friedan. National Women's Hall of Fame.
- Tributes to Betty Friedan.
- The Sexual Solipsism of Sigmund Freud.