Koji Ariyoshi was born on January 30, 1914, at Kona, T. H. He attended the University of Hawaii from 1937 to 1940, and the University of Georgia during the 1940–41 term, where he received his bachelor's degree in journalism.
In 1941, Office of Strategic Services head William J. Donovan opened the door for communist infiltration of the United States intelligence service by asking Eugene Dennis of the CPUSA Politburo to provide veterans of the Spanish Civil War who could be used behind enemy lines. The American communists consulted with Moscow who advised that American communists could join the OSS as individuals but not as an organized group for fear of having the communist networks discovered. Koji Ariyoshi was one of the Communist Party members that penetrated the OSS.
In January 1944 Ariyoshi departed for the China-Burma-India theater where he was assigned to work with the Chinese Communists, consequently coming in contact with Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) and Zhou Enlai (Chou En-Lai). Ariyoshi was commissioned a second lieutenant in June 1945 and remained in the same type of work until January 5, 1946, when his request to be discharged in China was granted. Subsequent to his discharge, he became employed with the Office of War Information as a field representative.
The Honolulu Record
Koji Ariyoshi established the Honolulu Record after World War II.
Ariyoshi's reaction concerning his experiences in Communist China were reflected in an article appearing under his name in the February 1947 issue of Spotlight on the Far East, published by the Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy, which had been cited as a Communist subversive organization on the Attorney General's list by Truman Attorney General Tom C. Clark. In this issue Ariyoshi wrote a guest column in support of the Chinese Communists. The March and June 1949 issues of Far East Spotlight, successor to Spotlight on the Far East, lists Ariyoshi as a consultant to the Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy.
The Hawaii Star of April 23, 1948, reflects that a progress report on the New York Chapter of the Hawaii Civil Liberties Committee (HCLC) was made by Koji Ariyoshi, one of the founders of this chapter, at an HCLC meeting in Honolulu on April 20, 1948. The HCLC was cited as being a Communist subversive organization by the Attorney General of the United States on April 28, 1949. The HCLC was also cited as a subversive organization initiated and operated by Communists for the sole purpose of expanding the influence of the small Communist minority in the Territory of Hawaii by the Committee on Un-American Activities in a report to the House of Representatives on June 23, 1950.
In April 1951 the Honolulu Record under Koji Ariyoshi's editorial guidance was accused of Maoist deviationism by its CPUSA overlords. The same year Ariyoshi was arrested along with John and Aiko Reinecke, Jack Hall of the ILWU, and others for Smith Act violations.
John Stewart Service
In 1978 a pamphlet eulogizing Ariyoshi was published in Los Angeles by the U.S. - Chinese Peoples Friendships Association. It was later reprinted, in 2004, in hard cover by Foreign Languages Press in Beijing. According to the official Chinese Foreign Languages Press,
- "The China Society for People's Friendship Studies (PFS) in cooperation with the Foreign Languages Press (FLP) in Beijing has arranged for republication in the series entitled Light on China, of some fifty books written in English between the 1870s and the founding years of the People's Republic, by journalistic and other sympathetic eyewitnesses of the revolutionary events described."
The book was edited by Hugh Deane, who had been on the editorial board of China Monthly Review and pleaded the 5th Amendment when asked if he was a Communist Party member by the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security. The Forward to the book was written by John Stewart Service, a State Department official who stole a large number of classified documents and turned them over to the communist magazine Amerasia. Service was indicted by a Grand Jury for espionage, but a Soviet agent employed by the White House named Lauchlin Currie hired former FDR Presidential assistant Thomas Corcoran as Services defense attorney. Corcoran persuaded high level Truman Justice Department officials to coverup the case. The Soviet intelligence service, the NKVD, had several agents among the communists working in Amerasia. Two had been identified by true name and code name in the Venona intercepts. One was Thomas Arthur Bisson, code name "Artur". The other was Joseph Milton Bernstein, code name: "Markiz".
According to Hugh Deane in his eulogy to Koji Ariyoshi, "In February of 1945 John S. Service, the chief political officer of the Yenan mission, and his Foreign Service colleagues attached to the U.S. Embassy in Chunking urged in a carefully prepared policy recommendation that the U.S. desist from giving exclusive support to the Chiang Kai-shek regime...."
Soviet agents and American communists in China had actively subverted President Roosevelt's policy of support for the Chinese Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek, an ally of the United States during World War II.
In the forward to the eulogy to Koji Ariyoshi, John Stewart Service wrote:
- "Then,suddenly, President Nixon decided that he wished to visit China. Koji wrote me at once. Surely, he thought, this would change the situation. Yes, I replied, but it might take time for the privilege to trickle down to the citizenry. But it was not really very long. The next month, I was among a lucky few invited by Premier Chou En-lai. On my way to China in September, 1971, I stopped in Honolulu to meet an exuberantly hopeful Koji and to carry letters from him to Madame Sun (Soong Ching Ling) and others in China. It was not many months until he was following me across the pacific to his old friends."
- The Venona Secrets: Exposing Soviet Espionage and America's Traitors, Chapter 9 : Target OSS Herbert Romerstein and Eric Breindel, Washington, DC, Regnery, 2000, pp. 283-292.
- The Stealth Candidate, Transcript, Cliff Kincaid and Herbert Romerstein, May 22, 2008, p. 17.
- Scope of Soviet activity in the United States. Hearing before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-fourth Congress, second session - Eighty-fifth Congress, first session. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off. (1956), p. 2865 (p. 14 pdf).
- Venona, New York to Moscow, June 16, 1943 and June 17, 1943.
- From Kona to Yenan By Koji Ariyoshi, The Political Memoirs of koji Ariyoshi, Alice M. Beechert, Edward D. Beechert.