The Politburo (political bureau) is the highest ruling body in Socialist entities, parties and governments. A Politburo in a jurisdiction where socialism has gained single party control combines all the functions of government - legislative, executive, and judicial - with no checks and balances. In Marxist/atheist theory, the Politburo takes the place of God. Most socialist and Communist minority parties that are tolerated in liberal democracies are governed internally by a Politburo.
In Communist China, the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee is the supreme governing body making day-to-day decisions, while the regular 25 member party Politburo consists of provincial governors and other functionaries that mostly live outside Beijing and meet irregularly.
The name itself, Politburo, implies a collective leadership, yet by-laws have been amended at times to allow for a single-person dictatorship. Joseph Stalin was given power to appoint members to the Politburo. Xi Jinping of the Chinese Communist Party was made dictator for life after globalists allowed Communist China into the World Trade Organization. There is no system of checks and balances, such as the American constitution provides which the far-Left dominated Democrat Party wishes to abolish.
In the Chinese system, the roles are somewhat reversed from the former Soviet model. In the Soviet system, one major function of the KGB was to compel the Soviet military to do the CPSU's will; in the Chinese system, Chinese Communist Party power has always been centered in the military, a legacy of the Maoist guerrilla fighters who seized power. It is the Chinese military dominated by party members that traditionally has sought to extend control among the civil service, technocrats, educational institutions, and in economic sectors and industries.
Former Soviet Politburo
In the former Soviet Union, there were three competing centers of power: the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), the Committee for State Security or KGB (as well as its predecessor organizations the NKVD under Stalin and the Cheka under Lenin), and the Soviet Military. The people of the Soviet Union were excluded from participation in the political process and without political rights.
The CPSU dominated political control, yet could not govern alone. The KGB, described as "the sword and shield of the Party" controlled the apparatus of the state security police and its Corrective Labor Camps, or Gulags, for dissenters and other persons who may have had some difficulty cooperating with the Soviet regime. The Soviet Military, a large force in numbers though not ideologically driven as Party members were, represented the only real threat to Communist domination and control of the Soviet system. Thus KGB also functioned as a counterbalance to keep the Soviet Military in check. And the mass of Soviet people were excluded from any meaningful role in political affairs.
As Soviet defector Victor Suvorov has described, the Politburo "should not be seen as the summit of the Party, for it represents neutral territory, on which the three forces gather to grapple with one another." Suvorov gives numerous examples throughout Soviet history how this process functioned; for example it was the KGB that liquidated Military leaders in the Great Purges of 1938 at the behest of the Party when their loyalty was in doubt. "Both the Army and the KGB are equally represented in the Politburo. With their agreement, the Party takes the leading role; the Party bosses restrain the others and act as peacemakers in the constant squabbles."
Suvorov said of the role of the Politburo in Soviet society, "In effect it has become a substitute for God."
- Communist Party of the Soviet Union
- Communist Party of China
- Communist Party of the United States of America
- Death toll of communism
- List of Communist States
- List of Socialist States
- Cold War
- Korean Airlines Flight 007 for the connection of the shootdown by the Soviets of KAL 007, with 269 people aboard, on Sept. 1, 1983 with the heightened U.S./Soviet confrontations of 1983-4.
- The Soviet/ U.S naval confrontation over KAL 007
- KAL 007 and the Soviet Top Secret Memos
- National Bolshevik Party
- Victor Suvorov, Inside the Soviet Army, Macmillan Publishing Co., 1982.