The California State Senate published a report in 1949 on Communist press networks.
|“|| Through their newspapers, magazines, books, symposiums, pamphlets, handbills and analytical publications, the Communists train and educate their converts in Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism; and, at the same time, they spread their propaganda to confuse, disrupt and divide....
The Communist press and publication system in the United States is comprehensive, well-financed and efficient. Making use of the network of Communist organizations and front groups it is able to systematically and scientifically circulate Communist publications and propaganda throughout the length and breadth of the United States.
The gigantic propaganda apparatus of Fascism and Nazism, at its peak never approached the efficient and extensive operation of the network of Red Fascist propaganda. (emphasis in original)
Equally important with the task of proselyting carried on by the Communist press, is the fundamental requirement for machinery and methods for attack and smear. Anyone who opposes or exposes the Communist conspiracy must be destroyed.
A continuous program of character assassination is conducted by the Communist publication-system designed to discredit anyone who attacks or exposes Communism. Public officials and law enforcement agencies are to be constantly smeared and discredited in the minds of members of mass organizations. (emphasis in original)
The Communist propaganda system, combined with the nation-wide network of publications, information exchange, special writers, and services is so comprehensive and integrated that the average leadership of organized groups in America today is totally unequipped to cope with its flood of propaganda.
Communists are so efficiently disciplined that they are able to organize a propaganda campaign on a few hours notice. They will produce publications, press releases, plant Red propaganda in all media, and circulate resolutions, protests, denunciations and confusing reports on any subject on short notice.
Communist press networks
- The Daily Worker published by Freedom of the Press, Inc., New York City. Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., president; Howard Boldt, secretary-treasurer; John Gates, editor; Milton Howard, associate editor; Alan Max, managing editor; Robert F. Hall, Washington, D. C., editor; Bill Lawrence, general manager; and George C. Sandy, assistant manager; David Platt, film editor.
- The Worker published only on Sunday, had the same management and publisher as the Daily Worker. Contributor Frank Marshall Davis.
- Political Affairs, a monthly publication, published by the New Century Publishers, New York, NY. The editor was Max Weiss; associate editors, V. J. Jerome, Alex Bittleman, Abner W. Berry, and Jack Stachel. Political Affairs is direct successor to The Communist.
- Morning Freiheit was published daily by the Morning Freiheit Association, Inc., New York, NY. The president was Ben Gold; treasurer, J. Littinski; secretary, Alex Bittleman. Paul Novick, editor.
- People's Daily World published by the Pacific Publishing Foundation, Inc., San Francisco, California. Branches located in Los Angeles, Oakland, San Diego, Seattle, and Washington, D.C. The executive editor was Al Richmond; assistant editor, Adam Lapin; Los Angeles editor, Sidney Burke; business manager, Harry Kramer; and circulation manager, Leo Baroway. Doug Ward, political editor. Tara Jean Pettit was the agent in Los Angeles.
- Soviet Russia Today, a monthly magazine published by the Soviet Russia Today Publications, Inc., New York, NY. The editor was Jessica Smith; assistant editor, Andrew Voynow; business manager, Donald Schoalman; literary editor, Isadore Schneider; editorial board, Dorothy Brewster, Robert Dunn, Thyra Edwards, A. A. Heller, Langston Hughes, Dr. John Kingsbury, Corliss Lamont, George Marshall, Isobel Walker Soule, and Maxwell S. Stewart.
- Fraternal Outlook published monthly by the International Workers Order, New York, NY. President was Rockwell Kent; vice presidents, John E. Middleton, Vito Marcantonio, Louise Thompson, Boleslaw Gebert, and Rubin Saltzman; treasurer, Peter Shipka; executive secretary, Sam Milgrom; and recording secretary, Dave Green. The editor was Max Bedacht.
- The Chart with offices in New York, NY, was issued by the National Organization and Education Commissions of the Communist Party of the United States. Jack Stachel was chairman of the education commission, and Henry Winston was chairman of the organization commission.
- Masses & Mainstream was printed in New York, NY, by Mainstream Associates, Inc. The editor-in-chief was Samuel Sillen. The editors were Gwendolyn Bennett, Alvah Bessie, Milton Blau, Arnaud D 'Usseau, Howard Fast, Mike Gold, V. J. Jerome, Howard Lawson, Meridel LeSeuer, W. L. River, Dalton Trumbo, and Theodore Ward.
- People's Voice (Glos Ludowy), with offices in Detroit, Mich., was a semi-monthly publication. It is a foreign-language paper as well, known as Glos Ludowy. The editor was Thomas Dombrowski; contributing editor, Jan Kujawa, San Francisco; contributing editors, Cornell Z. Zagodzinski, Casimir T. Nowacki, Irene Pietrowski, Grace Nowacki, Walter Bills, Stanley Perry, Blanche Glinski, John Piorkowski, Martin Darvin, Ted Pniewski, Katherine Giermanski, Jetka Dobrzynska, and Joseph S. Rabowski.
- Railroad Worker's' Link was published by the Communist Party in New York, NY, as a monthly publication. The editor was Robert Wood.
- District Champion was published by the city committee of the Communist Party of the District of Columbia, with offices located in Washington' D. C. It was published monthly. The editor was William C. Taylor; secretary, Elizabeth Searle.
- Chicago Star was published weekly by the Chicago Star Publishing Co., Inc., Chicago, Illinois Members of the board of directors were Ernest De Maio, Frank Marshall Davis, William L. Patterson, Grant Oakes, and William Sennett. The executive editor was Frank M. Davis; managing editor, Carl Hirsch; and general manager, William Sennett. Howard Fast was a columnist, and Rockwell Kent a contributing editor.
- Teeners' Topics, published irregularly, was an American Youth for Democracy publication, with offices located in' New York, NY. Teen Life was published by New Age Publishers, Inc., in Meriden, Conn., for American Youth for Democracy.
- Crisis was the organ of the East Pittsburgh section of the Communist Party.
- Jewish Life, New York, NY, was published monthly by the Morning Freiheit Association, Inc. The editorial board is composed of Alex Bittleman, Moses Miller, Paul Novick, Sam Pevzner, and Morris U. Schappes. Managing editor was Samuel Barron.
- Woman Power was published monthly by the Congress of American Women in New York, NY. Members of the editor board are Edna Moss, Bert Sigred, and Eleanor Vaughn. The president was Gene Weltfish; executive vice president, Muriel Draper; treasurer, Helen Phillips; and secretary, Josephine Timms.
- Facts for Farmers was published monthly by the Farm Research, New York, NY. The editor was Robert J. Coe. Harold Ware was its founder. Robert Coe was president of Farm Research Incorporated and wrote for the Political Affairs under the pseudonym Robert Digby.
- Facts for Women was published monthly by Facts for Women, Los Angeles, California. The editor was Mary Inman.
- Reporter (CPUSA), a biweekly publication, was published by the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, Inc., New York, NY. The editor was William Howard Melish.
- Among Friends was published monthly by Friends of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, New York, NY. The editor was David McKelvy White; editor, Rex Pitkin. Contributors include Louis Fischer, Dorothy Parker, Ernest Hemingway, Grace Field, Lini Fuhr, Sam Kornblatt, Milly Bennett, and Herbert Hunter.
- Amerasia was published monthly by Amerasia, New York, NY. The editors are Philip Jaffe and Kate L. Mitchell.
- Congress View was published monthly by the National Negro Congress, New York, NY. The president was Max Yergen; executive secretary, Edward E. Strong; treasurer, Ferdinand C. Smith; secretary, Thelma Dale; labor and legislation director, Dorothy K. Funn; director of publicity, Mayme Brown; editorial board, W. Alphaeus Hunton, Frederick V. Field, Mayme Brown, and Elizabeth Catlett.
- Bulletin of Congress of American Women was published monthly by the Congress of American Women, New York, NY. The editorial board was composed of those on the Board of Woman Power.
- The Lamp was published monthly by the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born in New York, NY.
- Student Outlook was published by the intercollegiate division of American Youth for Democracy, New York, NY. It was a monthly publication. The editor was Fred Jaffe.
- Michigan Herald was published weekly by the People's Educational Publishing Association, of Detroit, Michigan. The editor was Hugo Bewaswenger; secretary-treasurer, Rosalie Berry. Bewaswenger was also president of the corporation. Members of the editorial board were William Allen, Bewaswenoer. Abner W. Berry, Harry Fainaru, Nat Ganley, S. Gordon, and Carl Winter.
- Negro Digest, a Chicago weekly, was published and edited by John H. Johnson. Contributing editors included Henrietta Buckmaster, Langston Hughes, Cwerey McWilliams, and Mrs. Paul Robeson.
- Our World, was published monthly by John P. Davis, New York, NY. Contributors were Edward S. Lewis, Alphaeus Hunton, Yvonne Godfrey, and Frank Stanley.
- Economic Notes was published monthly by Labor Research Association, New York, NY. The editor was Robert Dunn.
- Action was published monthly by the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, Washington, D. C.
- News of World Labor was published monthly by the Committee for A. F. of L. Participation in World Federation of Trade Unions, Brooklyn, NY. The chairman was Courtney D. Ward; secretary-treasurer, Thomas Wilson ; executive secretary, Allan Ross.
- News on Spain was published monthly by the Veterans of Abraham Lincoln Brigade, New York, NY. The editor was David McKelvy White.
- People's Voice of Harlem was published by the Powell-Buchanan Publishing Co., Inc, New York, NY; it was a daily publication. Board of directors, Adam Clayton Powell; chairman, Charles P. Buchanan; secretary. Max Yergan ; treasurer, Hope Stevens ; and Ferdinand Smith. The editor in chief was Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.; general manager and editor, Doxey Wilkerson; contributing editor was Paul Robeson.
- AYD in Action was published monthly by the national staff of American Youth for Democracy, New York, NY.
- The Independent (CPUSA), a bimonthly, was published by the Independent Citizens Committee of Arts, Sciences, and Professions, New York. The executive director was Hannah Dorner.
- Soviet Culture, was used irregularly and published by the Committee of the American Russian Institute, 101 Post Street, San Francisco, California. The chairman was Louise R. Bransten.
- Soviet Sports, was used irregularly and published by the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, New York. The editor was Eric A. Starbuck.
- Salute was published monthly by the Veterans Publishing Co., New York, NY. The publisher was Jeremiah Ingersoll. The executive director was Max Baird; managing editor, DeWitt Gilpin; circulation manager, Ben Kaufman; and treasurer, Robert L. Soler.
- Boston Chronicle was published weekly in Boston, MA. The editor was William Harrison.
- Report From Washington was published monthly by the Independent Citizens Committee of Arts, Sciences, and Professions, New York, NY
- Voice of Freedom, New York, NY, was published monthly by the International Coordination Council. The editor was Richard Storrs Childs; associate editor, Minette Kuhn.
- In Fact, New York, NY, was published weekly. The editor was George Seldes; associate editor, Victor Weingarten.
- Information Bulletin, triweekly, was published by the Embassy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Washington, D. C.
- Hollywood Independent was published monthly by the Hollywood Independent Citizens' Committee of Arts, Sciences, and Professions, Hollywood, California The editor was Hollister Noble. The editorial committee was composed of Carey Mc Williams, Ann Daggett, Louis Harris, Robert Wachsman, and John B. Hughes.
- Young Fraternalist was published monthly by the International Workers Order, New York, NY The editor was Sol Vail- contributors included Bob Wagshol, Barbara Lord, H. Bergoffen, Joe Block, Bert S. Mangel, Anna Leone, and Aive Etela.
- New Times was published semiweekly by Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, Moscow, Russia. It was distributed in the United States by the Four Continental Book Corp., New York, NY
- Industrial Journal was published monthly by James J. Boutselis, of Lowell, Mass.
- Truth About Soviet Russia was published monthly by Contemporary Publishers, Winnipeg, Canada. The editors were Sidney and Beatrice Webb and Anna Louise Strong.
- L'Unita Del Popola, a foreign language — Italian — publication, was published by Italian- American People's Publications, Inc., New York, NY. The editor was M. Salerno; manager, G. Altieri.
- T and T — Trend and Times — was published monthly by Louis Adamic, Milford, N. J. Adamic was the editor and publisher.
- New Africa was published monthly by the Council on African Affairs, New York, NY. The chairman was Paul Robeson; vice chairman, William Jay Schieffelin; executive director, Max Yergan; treasurer, Edith C. Field; and educational director, W. Alphaeus Hunton.
- Naroclni Glasnik — foreign language — was published daily by the Narodni Glasnik Publishing Co., Pittsburgh, PA.
- People's Songs was published monthly by People's Songs, Inc., New York. The director was Peter Seeger; board of directors, Woody Guthrie, John Hammond, Jr., Lee Hays, Earl Robinson, Walter Lowenfels, Alan Lomax, and Bill Wolff; executive secretary, Felix Landau; editor, Peter Seeger.
- German-American was published weekly by German-American, Inc., New York, NY. The editor was Gustav Faber.
- The Letter was published by The Letter, Inc., Denver, Colo. The editor was Phil Rino; editorial advisory board, David J. Miller, Reid Robinson, Joseph C. Cohen, and Isabelle Gonzalles.
- California Eagle was published in Los Angeles. The editor was Charlotta Bass; Cyril Briggs, Communist official, was managing editor.
- Eteenpain was published weekly by the Eteenpain Cooperative Society, Worcester, Mass. The manager was H. Paasikivi.
- Health and Hygiene was published monthly in New York, NY. The editors were Carl Malmberg and Peter Morell. Members of the editorial advisory board and contributors included Edward K. Barsky, Norman Bethune, Paul De Kruif, and Arthur Kallet.
- Icor was published monthly by the Association for Jewish Colonization of the Soviet Union, New York.
- New World (CPUSA) was published monthly by the Free Press Publishing Corp., Seattle, Washington. The officers were Hugh DeLacy, Terry Pettus, and Berta Pettus. The incorporators were Hugh DeLacy, Eugene V. Dennett, Marion Carmozzi, George Bradley, Terry Pettus, William Dobbins, Irene Borowski, and N. P. Atkinson.
- Ny Tid — foreign language — was published weekly by the Scandinavian Workers Educational Society, Chicago, Illinois.
- Protestant (CPUSA) was published monthly by Protestant Digest, Inc., New York, NY. The editor was Kenneth Leslie.
- Readers' Scope was published monthly by Picture Scope, Inc., New York, NY. The officers were Arthur Bernhard, Morris S. Latzen, Leverett S. Gleason, A. E. Piller, George Kaplow, and Marion Hart.
- Saznanie was published weekly by the Bulgarian Section of the Communist Party, Detroit, Mich.
- Science and Society, a quarterly was published in New York. It was edited by Bernhard Stern, D. J. Struik, Margaret Schlauch, and Edwin B. Burgum.
- Report on World Affairs was published monthly in New York City. Its editor was Johannes Steel.
- Bulletin on Education, irregular, was published by the educational departments of the Communist Party in California.
- Indonesian Review was published by the American Committee for Free Indonesia, Los Angeles, California The editor was Charles Bidien ; circulation manager, Peter Simatoepang.
Additional publications having definite radical characteristics were
- Negro Affairs
- House Confabs
- Towards Tomorrow
- Slav American, quarterly, published by the American Slav Congress, New York, NY.;
- Spotlight, published by Stage for Action, New York, NY.;
- Negro Quarterly, published by Negro Publication Society of America, Inc., New York, NY., editor, Angelo Herndon; managing editor, Ralph Ellison; contributors, Langston Hughes, Henrietta Buckmaster, L. D. Reddick, Alfred Kreymborg, Charles Humbolt, Norman McLeod, and Louise Harap ;
- Voice of 500, organ of the Lincoln Steffens Lodge, No. 500, of the International Workers Order, New York, NY.; editor, Simon Schacter, founder of the lodge and editor in chief of Guild Lawyer — New York Lawyer's Guild; and Germany Today, published in New York City.
Foreign language publications
The following were additional foreign-language publications:
- Magyar Jove, Hungarian, published in New York and edited by John Gyetvai;
- Glas Naroda. published in New York, of which Frank Sakser was president and Joseph Lupsha was secretary ;
- Russky Golos, or The Russian Voice a Russian daily published in New York; Theodore Bayer, publisher; Jacob Golos and James Walter Miller were employed;
- Armenian Herald — Kraper — published triweekly in New York ;
- Az Ember — The Man — published weekly in New York and edited by Ferene Condos ;
- New Yorke Listy, published daily in New York ;
- Liberacion, a weekly published in New York, of which Aurelio Perez was editor;
- Bernardo Veda, managing editor ; and Carmen Meana, business manager;
- El Boricua was published in Puerto Rico and circulated in the United States exclusively ;
- Narodna Volya — People's Will — Bulgarian weekly, Detroit, Michigan;
- Uj Elore, published in New York by the Hungarian National Bureau of the Communist Party;
- Vilnis Lithuanian — The Surge — published in Chicago;
- Uus Ilm, an Estonian weekly published in New York;
- Puerto Rico Libre, a weekly circulated in the United States ;
- Radnicki Glasnik, published in Chicago weekly, of which Joseph Grachen was editor, and contributing editors were Bob Allen, Marijana Dobrinee, Flash Dickson, Peter Guzvich, and Jennie Rezich ;
- Der Arbeiter, organ of the German Language Division of the Communist Party, published in New York;
- Ukrainian Daily News, published in New York;
- Cultura Proletaria, published in New York and edited by Marcelino Garcia;
- Hobinmup — Novy Mir — Russian paper published in New York ;
- L'Unita Operia, published monthly in New York and a foreign- language organ of the Communist Party ;
- Greek-American Tribune — Bhma — published weekly in New York and edited by Demetrius Christopherides ;
- New Life — Nailben — a Jewish monthly published in New York;
- Hoboe Bpemr, published in Russia for distribution in the United States;
- Tvomies, Karpatska Rus, Ludovy Dennik, Magyar Herald, Slobodna Rechnoradnawola, Romanul American, published in Detroit and edited by Harry Fainaru;
- People's Herald — Croatian — published in Pittsburgh and edited by Anton Majnarie.
The organ of Local 12 of the Communist Party was known as the Roxbury Voice. It was published in Roxbury, Mass.
Foreign publications distributed in the United States
In addition to the publications mentioned herein, propaganda distributing centers in New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles carry other Communist and Communist Party organs printed in foreign countries in foreign languages for distribution in the United States.
- Your World, a monthly magazine, was published in Toronto, Canada.
- American Review of Soviet Medicine, published monthly in New York, NY, was edited by Dr. Jacob Heiman.
The following were printed and circulated regularly in the United States by the American-Russian Institute, New York, NY. Officers of the institute were Ernest J. Simmons, chairman; Basil Bass, secretary; and John L. Curtis, treasurer. Members of the national board of directors included Louise Bransten, Edward C. Carter, Robert S. Lynd, Samuel J. Novick, Henry E. Siegrwast, and Maxwell S. Stewart. Its executive director was Fred Myers.
- The American Review on the Soviet,
- Russian Technical Research News,
- The Soviet Union Today,
- The USSR in Construction,
- Soviet Health Care
- Fifth Report of the Senate Fact-Finding Committee On Un-American Activities, California Legislature, 1949, pp. 544-545.
- Fifth Report of the Senate Fact-Finding Committee On Un-American Activities, California Legislature, 1949, pp. 545-546.
- Testimony of Walter S. Steele regarding Communist activities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eightieth Congress, first session, on H. R. 1884 and H. R. 2122, bills to curb or outlaw the Communist Party in the United States. Public law 601 (section 121, subsection Q (2) July 21, 1947).
- Sam Tanenhaus, Whittaker Chambers: A Biography (Modern Library, 1998), ISBN 0-375-75145-9 
- John Earl Haynes annotations to "Adolf Berle’s Notes on his Meeting with Whittaker Chambers.
- Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), pgs. 96–97, 189, 213–214, 233.
- Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America, John Earl Haynes, Harvey Klehr, Alexander Vassiliev, p. 111.