Hu Jintao

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Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao China 2011.jpg
Chinese 胡锦涛

Hu Jintao was Communist China's top leader from 2002 until 2012. He was president, chairman of the Military Commission, and general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party. He succeeded Jiang Zemin in all of these positions. In 2012, Hu stepped down as party leader as Xi Jinping succeeded him and currently rules the country.[1]


The Chinese Communist Party is divided into three factions, the Shanghai, Zhenjiang, and Beijing factions. The Shanghai faction is led by Jiang Zemin, the Zhenjiang faction is led by Xi Jinping, and the Beijing faction is led by Hu Jintao. Each one of the three tries to nullify the influence of the other factions.[2]

In November 2002, the 16th Communist Party Congress elected Hu Jintao, who in 1992 was designated by Deng Xiaoping as the "core" of the fourth-generation leaders, the new General Secretary.

In March 2003, General Secretary Hu Jintao was elected President at the 10th National People's Congress. Jiang Zemin retained the chairmanship of the Central Military Commission and Commander-in-Chief of the armed services. At the Fourth Party Plenum in September 2004, Jiang Zemin retired from the Central Military Commission, passing the Chairmanship and control of the People's Liberation Army to President Hu Jintao.

Harmonious Socialist Society

Hu Jintao is a champion of the "Harmonious Socialist Society" ideology, which calls for increased rule of law and order, more respect for individual rights, and solving the problem of the huge income gap between rural and urban residents.[3]

Crimes Against Humanity

In 2013, the Spanish national court indicted Hu Jintao for being responsible for the torture and repression of Tibetans.[4]