Identity politics is the basing of one's political and sociological viewpoint by claiming membership in some "oppressed" group and then constructing most of one's lifestyle and identity around their supposed membership in this group. Identity politics is closely related to political correctness and multiculturalism, and in some cases to postmodernism.
Membership in an "oppressed group" has taken the place of the proletariat in modern Marxist thought. "White privilege," for example, is an assertion of authority by an "oppressor ruling class" under the theory.
Liberals frequently engage in identity politics, to the point where they even frown upon using the term as they see it as a "pejorative" term. A 2018 study by researchers at Yale University and Princeton University found that liberals patronize minorities and present themselves as less competent when speaking to them, while conservatives speak and present themselves the same way to everyone regardless of skin color.
- Pollak, Joel B. (August 5, 2018). You Can’t Use the Term ‘Identity Politics,’ Says Kamala Harris. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
- Duke, Selwyn (November 29, 2018). Study: Liberals Treat Minorities as if They’re Stupid. The New American. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
- Richardson, Valerie (November 29, 2018). White liberals more likely to 'patronize' minorities than conservatives, study finds. The Washington Times. Retrieved November 29, 2018.